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317-339 Tanganyika, Astrida, Astrida dancers

Collection Creator:
Albert, Ethel Mary, 1918-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 12
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Collection Restrictions:
The Ethel Mary Albert papers are open for reaearch.
Collection Rights:
Contact the Repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ethel Mary Albert Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ethel Mary Albert Papers
Ethel Mary Albert Papers / Series 5: Photographic slides
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-30-ref144

Alan Harwood Papers

Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Extent:
27 Linear feet (60 boxes, 2 manuscript folders), 8 sound recordings, 35 computer disks, 1 oversize box, 1 oversize folder, 1 map drawer)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Chinese Americans  Search this
Irish Americans  Search this
Jamaican Americans  Search this
Puerto Ricans  Search this
Safwa (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilms
Sound recordings
Photographic prints
Field notes
Place:
Bronx (New York, N.Y.)
Boston (Mass.)
Mbeya Region (Tanzania)
Date:
circa 1940s-2001
bulk 1953-2001
Summary:
Alan Harwood is a Professor Emeritus at University of Massachusetts, Boston in the Anthropology Department. Trained in social anthropology he has studied illness and healing in Tanzania and communities in New York City and Boston. Harwood was the founding editor of Medical Anthropology Quarterly (new series, 1986-1991) and series editor of Cambridge Studies in Medical Anthropology (1999-2004) The bulk of this collection is composed of Alan Harwood's 1962-1964 ethnographic research among the Safwa in Tanzania (then known as Tanganyika); his research on health beliefs and medical practices of residents in a low-income area of the Bronx, New York (1967-1970); and his research in Boston, Massachusetts on different ethnic groups' conceptions of health (1994-1995). Also among his papers are materials from his involvement in the Centers for Disease Control and American Anthropological Association (AAA) Workgroup on "The Use of Race & Ethnicity as Scientific Categories" at the 1994 AAA meeting.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection is composed of Alan Harwood's ethnographic research among the Safwa in Tanzania (then known as Tanganyika); his research on health beliefs and medical practices of residents in a low-income area of the Bronx, New York; and his research in Boston, Massachusetts on different ethnic groups' conceptions of health. The few photographs in the collection are aerial views of Isyesye, where he conducted his Safwa research, and images from Utengule taken by White Fathers and dating from the 1940s. The collection also contains Harwood's linguistic recordings of Kimalila and of Kisafwa and Kinyiha spoken in various dialects. In addition, the collection contains sound recordings of Safwa ceremonies and an audio letter from Harold Conklin, Mario Bick, Georgeda Buchbinder Bick, and Michiko Takaki. Also among his papers are his correspondence as the editor of Medical Anthropology Quarterly and of Ethnicity and Medical Care; materials from his involvement in the Centers for Disease Control and American Anthropological Association (AAA) Workgroup on "The Use of Race & Ethnicity as Scientific Categories" at the 1994 AAA meeting; and letters of recommendation (restricted until 2056) that Harwood wrote for students and colleagues. In addition, the collection contains Harwood's course notes as an undergraduate student at Harvard and as a graduate student at University of Michigan and Columbia University. The collection also contains Harwood's research notes on North Luzon as Conklin's student research assistant at Columbia University. Harwood's correspondence is spread throughout the collection and filed by project. Among his notable correspondents are Harold Conklin and Joseph Greenberg. Their letters can be found with the Safwa materials.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 8 series: (1) Safwa Research, 1961-1970; (2) Bronx Research, 1957-1986; (3) Boston Research, 1993-1996; (4) Professional Activities, 1975-2001; (5) Student Files, 1953-1962; (6) Microfilm; (7) Photographs, circa 1940s & 1963; (8) Sound Recordings, 1962-1964
Biographical/Historical note:
Alan Harwood was born on March 20, 1935 in Tarrytown, New York. He earned his undergraduate degree, magna cum laude, in Social Relations from Harvard University in 1957 and attended the London School of Economics on a one year fellowship the following year. When he returned to the United States, he began his graduate studies in anthropology at the University of Michigan, earning his M.A. in 1960. He went on to Columbia University for his doctorate, which he was awarded in 1967.

Under a pre-doctoral fellowship funded by the Social Science Research Council, Harwood conducted ethnographic research on the Safwa of the southwestern region of Tanganyika (now known as Tanzania). From September 1962 to 1964, Harwood carried out his research mainly in the village of Isyesye, near Mbeya, Southern Highlands Region. At the time, witchcraft accusations were common, and it thus became the subject of his dissertation, Witchcraft, Sorcery, and Social Categories among the Safwa, later published in 1970.

In 1967, Harwood was hired by the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Health Center (formerly called the Neighborhood Medical Care Demonstration) in Bronx, New York. From 1967 to 1970, he directed a study on the health, illness, and medical beliefs and practices of residents in a low-income area of the south Bronx. One of the articles produced from this research was Harwood's "The Hot-Cold Theory of Disease: Implications for Treatment of Puerto Rican Patients" (1971). Harwood also looked at spiritism among the Puerto Rican community, which led to his publication, Rx: Spiritist as Needed: A Study of a Puerto Rican Community Mental Health Resource (1977).

From 1994 to 1995, Harwood was the co-principal investigator of a study conducted under the Tufts New England Medical Center on conceptions of health and well-being among 4 ethnic groups in Boston: African Americans, Mandarin-speaking Chinese Americans, Irish Americans, and Puerto Ricans. Harwood led the group studying Irish Americans.

In addition to his research, Harwood was the founding editor of Medical Anthropology Quarterly (new series, 1986-1991) and series editor of Cambridge Studies in Medical Anthropology (1999-2004) and of Studies in Medical Anthropology (2004-2006). He also edited Ethnicity and Medical Care (1981), a book geared towards health professionals.

In 1971, Harwood spent a year in New Zealand as a visiting senior lecturer at the University of Auckland. From 1972 to 2002, he was a professor of Anthropology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. During his tenure, he also served as adjunct professor in the Department of Psychology (1993-2002) and as associate dean for Undergraduate Education, College of Arts and Sciences (1998-2001). In addition, he was a lecturer in the Department of Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School (1992-present).

In 1982, Harwood was honored with the Wellcome Medal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland for Research in Anthropology as Applied to Medical Problems. He is also a Fellow of the American Anthropological Association and of the Society for Applied Anthropology.
Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Medical anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Sound recordings
Photographic prints
Field notes
Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-25
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-25

Wilson, Monica Tribes of the Tanganyika Nyasa Corridor

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Microform
Date:
Undated
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 6: Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref378

[Audio-letter from Harold Conklin]

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound tape reel (5 in.)
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound tape reels
Scope and Contents:
Audio-letter from Harold Conklin (Prof. Yale; formerly of Columbia and my advisor at the time), Mario Bick (fellow graduate student; Ph.D. Columbia; faculty of Bard College), Georgeda Buchbinder Bick (fellow graduate student; Ph.D. Columbia; deceased); Michiko Takaki (fellow graduate student, transferred to Yale when Conklin moved there; Ph.D., Yale; faculty at University of Massachusetts Boston, retired).
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref651
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View [Audio-letter from Harold Conklin] digital asset number 1
  • View [Audio-letter from Harold Conklin] digital asset number 2

Rainfall -- Tanganyika & Zanzibar (1961)

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1961
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 1: Safwa Research / #1: Research Files
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref43

Writings by others on Tanganyika

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Undated
1965-1966
1961-1970
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-25, Subseries #2
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 1: Safwa Research
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref48

African History -- Wright, Marcia

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
Undated
Scope and Contents:
"African History in the 1960s - Religion" & "Nyakyusa Cults and Politics in the latter Nineteenth Century"
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 1: Safwa Research / #2: Writings by others on Tanganyika
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref52

Tanzania -- Misc. Publications

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1961-1970
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 1: Safwa Research / #2: Writings by others on Tanganyika
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref53

Reprints on Nyiha

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1965-1966
Scope and Contents:
"The Nyiha of Mbozi" by Beverly Brock; "Iron Working Amongst the Nyiha of Wouthwestern Tanganyika" by Beverley and P.W.G. Brock; and "Oedipus and Job in East Africa" by Mariam K. Slater
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Alan Harwood Papers / Series 1: Safwa Research / #2: Writings by others on Tanganyika
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref56

Safwa Research

Collection Correspondent:
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph H. (Joseph Harold), 1915-2001  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harwood, Alan  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1970
Scope and Contents:
Funded by the Social Science Research Council under a pre-doctoral fellowship, this research was carried out near the town of Mbeya, Southern Highlands Region, mainly in the village of Isyesye, in 1962- 64 and served as the basis for my doctoral dissertation at Columbia University (Ph.D., 1967). My field research began in September 1962, two months after Tanganyika became an independent nation. When I started my work, the central government was still administering rural areas through chiefs, but during my stay executive and judicial functions became separated through the election of local councils and the appointment of judges by the central government. It was a time when people were uncertain where to take disputes for adjudication, and witchcraft accusations were common. An analysis of these accusations became the focus of my dissertation, later published as Witchcraft, Sorcery, and Social Categories among the Safwa (Oxford University Press for the International African Institute, 1970).

Though the dissertation was narrowly focused, I conceived my research project as a general ethnography, since no primary research on the Safwa had been published since the early 20th Century, when Tanganyika was a German colony. This data set therefore includes information, mainly from my primary site of Isyesye, on food production and consumption, household composition, genealogies of all household heads in the community, marriage and divorce records from the local court, historical notes from Mbeya District and Regional (formerly called Provincial) Books kept by the British Trust Authority, daily field notes and diaries, maps, census data from Isyesye and three other Safwa communities [Utengule, Inyala, and Mabande], as well as linguistic data (vocabulary slips, audiotapes of Safwa dialects). I never published on most of these materials, although the collection includes some unpublished articles and a paper ["Beer Drinking and Famine in a Safwa Village: A Case of Adaptation in a Time of Crisis"], printed as part of the Proceedings of an East African Institute of Social Research conference, convened while I was in the field.

This material thus captures a broad view of a people in the process of being rapidly drawn into the new political structure of the nation state, with a consequent shift from the political salience of "tribal" membership to a more individualized, democratic form of political participation as citizens. The archive contains particularly rich information on food production and consumption, genealogy, demography, illness, and medicine. My personal field diaries, which will be included in the archive after my death, provide a more cross-sectional view of post-independence Tanganyikan society, with its mosaic of old colonial institutions and new African national structures, the promise and problems of young North American volunteers from the Peace Corps and Teachers for East Africa, who came to the region to staff educational and other government bureaucracies during my field stay, as well as the situation of Asians facing a new national policy of "Africanizing" their businesses. - Alan Harwood

Harwood's main field observations can be found under Subseries: Card Files in "Field Notes." Data that he collected in the field can also be found in Subseries: Language Data, Subseries: Data Notebooks and Slips, and Subseries: Demographic Information. Additional materials in the series include correspondence relating to Harwood's preparations for his fieldwork, correspondence with colleagues conducting field work in neighboring areas, and correspondence with his research assistants and residents of Isyesye. These can be found in Subseries: Research Files along with financial records, drafts of Harwood's manuscripts on beer consumption, reading notes, and some miscellaneous notes. Subseries: Dissertation contains a copy of Harwood's dissertation as well as comments by his dissertation committee, which included Morton Fried.

The photographs that Harwood collected when he was in the field are in Series 7. Photographs while the sound recordings are in Series 8. Sound Recordings. Series 6. Microfilm contains reference materials that he consulted for his dissertation.

In his thesis and published book, Harwood changed the names of people and places to protect people's identities. The following is a guide to some of the names used:

Fictitious Name Real Name Ipepete = Isyesye Mwanabantu (lineage) = Lyoto Itimba = Ilomba Magombe = Mbeya
Arrangement:
SUBSERIES: RESEARCH FILES

SUBSERIES: WRITINGS BY OTHERS ON TANGANYIKA

SUBSERIES: LANGUAGE DATA

SUBSERIES: DATA NOTEBOOKS AND SLIPS

SUBSERIES: DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

SUBSERIES: DISSERTATION

SUBSERIES: CARD FILES
Collection Restrictions:
Materials that identify the participants in Harwood's Bronx and Boston studies are restricted until 2056.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Alan Harwood Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-25, Series 1
See more items in:
Alan Harwood Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-25-ref9

Copies of maps by Department of Lands and Settlement, Nairobi, Kenya Colony

Collection Creator:
Karp, Ivan  Search this
Extent:
4 Maps
Ripped and in fragile condition.
Type:
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Nakuru, 1939; Kamba Native Land Unit, Tanganyika Territory; Ndara-Mombasa, Tanganyika Territory; Kitale-Njoro, Maasai Extra Provincial District and Native Land Unit
Collection Restrictions:
Recommendations that Karp wrote for his colleagues and students are restricted until 2061.

Access to the Ivan Karp papers requires an appointment.
Collection Citation:
Ivan Karp papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ivan Karp papers
Ivan Karp papers / Series 1: Iteso Research / 1.8: Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2013-30-ref808

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet (consisting of .5 box.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
circa 1859-1957
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Gems forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The material in this collection consists of papers and images dealing with gems and precious stones. Items include business materials such as business cards, invoices, shipment lists, as well as photographs, informational pamphlets, booklets, and articles. The types of gems mentioned in these materials include diamonds, pearls, onyx, amethyst, star stones and precious stones. The bulk of materials are from the early 20th century. Researchers interested in the business, history and study of gems will find this material useful.

Company materials include the papers of companies involved in the production, manipulation, and distribution of gems such as importers, manufacturers, miners, merchants, and jewelers. Materials in this collection include business cards, invoices, repair notices, sales and information pamphlets, shipment lists, correspondence, and a gem measurement card. There are also booklets on the stories of pearls, star stones, and diamonds and a 1907 book "Illustrating Modern Methods of Diamond Dealing". The bulk of the material is from the early twentieth century. Most of the companies were based in the United States, primarily in New York and Chicago but also New Jersey and Atlanta, Georgia. The Chicago company of Jesus J. Villafuerte also had a store in Mexico. Tiffany & Co. of New York also has a store in Paris, France. The last folder in the series includes foreign companies from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. The material is arranged alphabetically by company name for folders one-five with the foreign companies in folder six.

General information has a price list and an invoice summary for various stones and jewelry, a 1924 appraisal form, engravings of a diamond mine and the Koh-i-noor diamond on display in London, a birthstone chart including the month, stone, and character trait represented on one side with birthday horoscopes on the other side, a photograph of the Kimberley Diamond Mine in Cape Colony, South Africa, and an information pamphlet for "Crater of Diamonds" in Murfreesboro, Arkansas, circa 1957. The material is arranged according to the type of material - customs, images, photograph, and diamond mines.

Publications consists of booklets and articles on various gems. Materials include booklets on the amethyst (1880), man-made diamonds (1955), "The Story of Diamonds" (1935), "Diamonds at the New York World's Fair" (1939), "Famous Diamonds" (1929), "The Diamond Industry of South Africa" (1893), and "The Art of Lapidary" (1926). Article subjects include life in a new diamond mine (1873), diamonds and diamond-cutting (1894), a new diamond mind in Tanganyika discovered in 1941), source, properties, and uses of the diamond, "The Great Diamonds of the World: Their History and Romance" (1882), pearls, pearl-fisheries, opals, "Precious Stones in the United States" (1889) and "Marketing of Precious Stones" (1925). There is also a fraction of an article with pictures of "the King of Diamonds", "Solly" Joel (1931). The materials are arranged alphabetically by the gem.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Gems is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Gems
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-gems

Related Publications

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1873-1955, undated
Scope and Contents:
This subseries consists of booklets and articles on various gems. Materials include booklets on the amethyst (1880), man-made diamonds (1955), "The Story of Diamonds" (1935), "Diamonds at the New York World's Fair" (1939), "Famous Diamonds" (1929), "The Diamond Industry of South Africa" (1893), and "The Art of Lapidary" (1926). Article subjects include life in a new diamond mine (1873), diamonds and diamond-cutting (1894), a new diamond mind in Tanganyika discovered in 1941), source, properties, and uses of the diamond, "The Great Diamonds of the World: Their History and Romance" (1882), pearls, pearl-fisheries, opals, "Precious Stones in the United States" (1889) and "Marketing of Precious Stones" (1925). There is also a fraction of an article with pictures of "the King of Diamonds", "Solly" Joel (1931). The materials are arranged alphabetically by the gem.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Gems, Subseries 3
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Gems / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-gems-ref544

Hector Acebes photographs of African and South American peoples

Creator:
Acebes, Hector  Search this
Extent:
2 Copy prints
153 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Shuar  Search this
Ika (Ica/Arhuaco)  Search this
Akawaio (Acawai)  Search this
Yanomamö (Yanomamo)  Search this
Yukpa (Macoa/Macoita/Yupa)  Search this
Bassari (Senegalese and Guinean people)  Search this
Fulbe (African people)  Search this
Mangbetu (African people)  Search this
Kikuyu (African people)  Search this
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Ngorongoro Crater (Tanzania)
Uaupés River (Colombia and Brazil)
Orinoco River (Venezuela and Colombia)
Mali
Guinea
Togo
Benin
Cameroon
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Rwanda
Africa
Tanzania
Kenya
Date:
1949-1960
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made on Hector Acebes's expeditions in Africa and South America, mostly during the 1950s. Many of the images document people and markets in Africa (1949 and 1953), including Kikuyu, Masai, Mangbetu, Fulani, and Bassari peoples. There are also photographs made in the French Sudan, Guinea, Togo, Dahomey, Cameroon, the Congo Republic, Ruanda, Kenya, and Tanganyika. These prints were made for an exhibit.

Other sets include images of Jivaro, January, 1950; the Vaupés River and nearby tribes, September, 1950; a journey up the Orinoco to the Guaica, February, 1951; Arhuaco peoples, 1958; and Yuco peoples, 1960. Many photographs depict scenery and dwellings or are portraits (some show body and face paint). There are also images of fishing and hunting (Guaica); musical pipes (Guaica), a bridge, weaving, and bows and arrows (Arhuaco). Some photographs depict expedition members, including Acebes. The collection also includes photographs of the cover of Acebes' Orinoco Adventure, 1954, and coverage of his expeditions in Look, April 8, 1952, and Time (Latin American edition), December 24, 1951.
Biographical/Historical note:
Hector Acebes was born in 1921 in New York City and raised in Madrid and Bogota. While in college at the Massachusetts Insitute of Technology, he operated his own photo studio. After graduating from MIT in 1947 with a degree in mechanical engineering, he moved back to Bogota. Throughout the late 1940s and the 1950s, Acebes undertook expeditions in Africa and South America and started to work as a professional filmmaker and lecturer. Acebes wrote, filmed, directed, and edited each of the forty-three films his production company, Acebes Productions, released.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 94-28
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Uaica photographs collected by Acebes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4389.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 94-28, Hector Acebes photographs of African and South American peoples, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.94-28
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-94-28

Priscilla Reining Papers

Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Extent:
2 Flat boxes
60.25 Linear feet (145 boxes)
23 Computer storage devices (floppy discs, zip discs, data tapes, and magnetic tape)
6 Sound recordings
2 Map drawers
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Kikuyu (African people)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Haya (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Computer storage devices
Sound recordings
Map drawers
Correspondence
Photographs
Electronic records
Place:
Tanganyika
Tanzania
Kenya
Uganda
Niger
Burkina Faso
Bukoba District (Tanzania)
Date:
1916-2007
bulk 1934-2007
Summary:
The Priscilla Reining papers, 1916-2007, primarily document the professional life of Reining, a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records. Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection.
Scope and Contents:
These papers primarily document the professional life of Priscilla Reining. The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records.

Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection. Her consultancy work is also well-represented, as well as her involvement in a large number of professional organizations. The collection also contains a great deal of material relating to her work on different programs and projects at AAAS, including the Committee on Arid Lands, Ethnography of Reproduction Project, and Cultural Factors in Population Programs. Also present in the collection are materials from her time as Urgent Anthropology Program Coordinator at the Smithsonian Institution, her files as an instructor and professor, and her files as a student at University of Chicago. Materials from her personal life can also be found in the collection, such as correspondence and childhood mementos.
Arrangement:
The Priscilla Reining papers are organized in 13 series: 1. Correspondence, 1944-2007; 2. Research, 1955-1970; 3. AAAS, 1971-1990; 4. Professional Activities, 5. 1957-2007; Daily Planners and Notebooks, 1960-2002; 6. Writings, 1952-1996; 7. Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1971; 8. University, 1958-1994; 9. Student, 1937-1975; 10. Biographical and Personal Files, 1934-2004; 11. Maps, 1916-1989, undated; 12. Photographs, circa 1950-1987, undated; 13. Electronic records.
Biographical / Historical:
Priscilla Copeland Reining was a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

Reining was born on March 11, 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. She studied anthropology at University of Chicago, where she earned both her A.B. (1945) and Ph.D. (1967) in anthropology. During her graduate studies, she studied peer group relations among the Ojibwa of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota (1947, 1950-51). Her husband, Conrad Reining, accompanied her to the field, an experience that inspired him to also become an anthropologist.

In 1951-53 and 1954-55, Reining conducted fieldwork among the Haya of Bukoba District, Tanganyika (now known as Tanzania) as a Fellow of the East African Institute of Social Research. While research for her dissertation focused on the agrarian system of the Haya, Reining also conducted fertility surveys for the East African Medical Survey, studying the relationship between STDs and fertility in Buhaya and Buganda. During the 1980s, Reining became interested in AIDS when she observed that the Haya were dying from the disease at a much higher rate than neighboring groups. When she learned of a possible link between circumcision and the spread of HIV, she drew a map of circumcision practice among the ethnic groups of Africa and found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. These results were published in "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989), which she coauthored with John Bongaarts, Peter Way, and Francis Conant.

Beginning in the 1970s, Reining began exploring the use of satellite imagery in ethnographic research. In 1973, she used Landsat data to identify individual Mali villages, the first use of satellite data in anthropology (Morán 1990). That same year, as a consultant for USAID, she also used ERTS-1 imagery to estimate carrying capacity in Niger and Upper Volta (now known as Burkino Faso). She continued to apply satellite data in her research throughout her career, including in 1993, when she returned to Tanzania to study the environmental consequence of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya.

In 1974, Reining joined the Office of International Science of AAAS as a research associate. She stayed on to become Project Director for the Cultural Factors in Population Programs and to direct a number of projects under the Committee on Arid Lands. She also served as Project Director of the Ethnography of Reproduction project, for which she conducted fieldwork in Kenya in 1976. In 1990, she left AAAS for an appointment as Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida.

Prior to working for AAAS, Reining worked at the Smithsonian Institution (1966, 1968-70), during which she was the coordinator for the Urgent Anthropology Program in the now defunct Center for the Study of Man. She also taught at University of Minnesota (1956-59), American University (1959-60), and Howard University (1960-64). In addition, she worked as a consultant for various organizations, including Department of Justice, Peace Corps, International Bank for Reconstruction & Development (IBRD), Food and Agriculture Organization, and Carrying Capacity Network.

Reining was also actively involved in various organizations. She served as Secretary of the AAAS Section H (Anthropology) and was a founding member of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Task Force on AIDS. She was also a fellow of the African Studies Association, AAA, AAAS, East African Academy, Society for Applied Anthropology, and Washington Academy of Science. In 1990, she was honored with a Distinguished Service Award from AAA.

Reining died of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19, 2007.

Sources Consulted

PR Vita. Series 10. Biographical and Personal Files. Priscilla Reining Papers. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Morán, Emilio F. 2000. The Ecosystem Approach in Anthropology: From Concept to Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Page 359

Schudel, Matt. 2007. Anthropologist Broke Ground on AIDS, Satellite Mapping. Washington Post, July 29. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/28/AR2007072801190.html (accessed December 8, 2011).

1923 -- Born March 11 in Chicago, Illinois

1944 -- Marries Conrad C. Reining

1945 -- Earns A.B. from University of Chicago

1947, 1950-51 -- Conducts field research on the Ojibwa of Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota.

1949 -- Earns A.M. from University of Chicago

1951-1953, 1954-1955 -- Field research on Haya of Tanzania

1967 -- Earns Ph.D. from University of Chicago

1972 -- Returns to Tanzania for IBRD consultancy work

1974 -- Begins working at AAAS as a research associate in the Office of International Science

1975 -- Project Director, AAAS

1976 -- Field research on Kikuyu of Kenya for Ethnography of Reproduction

1986-89 -- Program Director, AAAS

1990 -- Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida Receives Distinguished Service Award from AAA

1993 -- Field research in Tanzania studying environmental consequences of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya

2007 -- Dies of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19
Related Materials:
Additional materials at the NAA relating to Priscilla Reining can be found in the papers of Gordon Gibson and John Murra, as well as in the records of the Center for the Study of Man and the records of the Department of Anthropology. Photo Lot 97 contains two Haya photos taken by Reining that are not duplicated in this collection. The papers of her husband, Conrad Reining, are also at the NAA.

The archives of the American Association for the Advancement of Science also holds Reining's papers relating to her work for the organization.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Priscilla Reining's sons, Robert Reining and Conrad Reining, in 2009.
Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Fertility, Human  Search this
Kinship  Search this
population  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Remote sensing  Search this
Desertification  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Electronic records
Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2009-25
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2009-25

Peace Corps -- Tanganyika

Collection Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Container:
Box 117
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Priscilla Reining Papers / Series 4: Professional Activities
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-25-ref1392

Haya

Collection Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
This subseries contains Reining's research and writings on the Haya. Materials span from her early dissertation work in the 1950s on Haya agrarian systems in Bukoba to her 1993 research on environmental consequences of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya. Reining had been assigned to work among the Haya in Tanzania (then known as Tanganyika) in the 1950s as a Fellow of the East African Institute of Social Research (E.A.I.S.R.), Makarere College, Kampala, Uganda. This subseries consequently also contains materials relating to E.A.I.S.R., including correspondence with Audrey Richards, who was director of the institute. Also represented is her survey work in Buhaya and Buganda on STDs and fertility for the East African Medical Survey. Materials in this subseries include informant interviews, genealogies, and questionnaires that she collected on households/families in entire villages. The surveys of maternity history for the East African Medical Survey are restricted as they contain personal medical history. Also in this subseries are satellite imagery, photographs, her dissertation, drafts of her unpublished manuscript "Haya Kinship," and her Haya publications. This subseries is unarranged.

For additional Haya-related materials, see Series 1. Correspondence, Series 12. Photographs, and Series 11. Maps. For Reining's consultancy work in Tanzania, see also Series 4. Professional Activities.
Collection Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2009-25, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Priscilla Reining Papers / Series 2: Research
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-25-ref159

[Handdrawn map of Karagwe Chiefdom, Bukoba District Tanganyika

Collection Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Priscilla Reining Papers / Series 11: Maps / 11.2: Tanzania
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-25-ref1710

Road map of Tanganyika

Collection Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Road Authority for Territorial Main
Collection Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Priscilla Reining Papers / Series 11: Maps / 11.2: Tanzania
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-25-ref1729

Kiziba Chiefdom, Bukoba District, Tanganyika

Collection Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Hand-drawn map
Collection Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining Papers
Priscilla Reining Papers / Series 11: Maps / 11.2: Tanzania
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2009-25-ref1733

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