Ed Brady's collection of photographs and postcards of Native American camps, people, crafts, schools, and dances, as well as agency personnel at various reservations. A majority of the original prints are photographs by Lee Moorhouse, including images of American Indian dwellings, camps, Kate Drexel School, children in cradleboards, and formal and informal portraits. Additionally, there are photographs made by E. Potts at Tesuque Pueblo on November 12, 1924 during the feast day; images are mostly of Tewa people dancing the Buffalo-Deer Dance.
The collection also includes a stereograph depicting Taos people in front of Taos Pueblo, as well as photographic postcards of Omaha men in Walthill, Nebraska, American Indians at a camp in Idaho, Indians at a camp near International Falls, Minnesota, a Navajo camp in Arizona, an elevated view of a camp with numerous tipis, possibly for a rodeo, two Alaskan Eskimo girls, and a reenactment of the Battle of Little Bighorn aftermath. There is also a pamphlet entitled "Old Travois Trails," from 1941, which was possibly originally collected by Dr. W. A. Russell, a doctor for the Fort Peck Agency.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 90-8, NAA Photo Lot 81-39, NAA Photo Lot 89-28
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photo Lot 81-39 has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 90-8. These photographs were also collected by Ed Brady and form part of this collection.
Brady also donated Indian police badges to the Department of Anthropology in accessions 343151 and 378681.
Additional photographs by Moorhouse can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 78 and the BAE historical negatives.
The University of Oregon Special Collections holds a large collection of Lee Moorhouse photographs, 1888-1925 (PH036).
Additional photographs published by the Keystone View Company can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4551, Photo Lot 140 and Photo Lot 90-1.
The University of Washington holds Ed Brady photographs of the Mount St. Helens Eruption (PH Coll 889).
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The papers of William C. Sturtevant were processed with the assistance of a Wenner-Gren Foundation Historical Archives Program grant awarded to Dr. Ives Goddard. Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
29 drawings and 34 pages of typed explanatory text, formerly bound together, now disbound, plus an identifying title page handwritten by Albert Gatschet and one drawing on ruled paper. The explanatory text was transcribed from Gatschet's notebook, No. 2016-b, with corrections by Gatschet. T.p. inscribed: "Crayon Pictures of Cheyenne Ceremonial Customs and Implements. Drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief, son of the present headchief of the Cheyenne Indians of South Dakota, at the Pine Ridge Agency. Explained by notes obtained from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet." The last drawing in the volume is signed "T.D. Little Chief," but cannot be identified as a drawing by Daniel Little Chief. Subjects include ceremonial items, name glyphs, painted tipis, and illustrations of Cheyenne customs. A nearly identical set of drawings by Daniel Little Chief is located at the Newberry Library in Chicago. Information provided by Candace Greene.
Biographical / Historical:
Daniel Little Chief, a.k.a. Wuxpais (?-1906), was a Northern Cheyenne warrior whose band of Cheyenne were sent south to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation in Indian Territory after their surrender, traveling there between 1878-1879. In 1881 this band moved north to the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. In 1891 Daniel Littlechief inherited the role of head chief from his father and remained in South Dakota until his death in 1906. For more information see "American Indian Painters: A Biographical Dictionary" by Jeanne Snodgrass 1968, New York: Museum of the American Indian.
Albert S. Gatschet (1832-1907) was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern [Ph.D., 1892]); University of Berlin. Early in his career, he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his interests was the etymology of Swiss place names. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew, of the United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey). Eventually John Wesley Powell employed him as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions. When it was founded in 1879, he joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and continued there until he retired in 1905. For the Powell Survey, Gatschet researched the ethnography of the Klamath in Oregon and the Modoc in Oklahoma. He also collected Native American material objects and investigated special problems for Powell's classification of the American Indian languages north of Mexico, working on languages of the Southeast, including groups forcibly settled in the southern Plains. He not only visited well known tribes but also searched out small groups, including the Biloxi and Tunica. He also worked with the Natchez, Tonkawa, Chitimacha, and Atakapa in the United States and Comecrudo and several other small groups in northern Mexico. Through library research, he studied the Timucua, Karankara, and the Beothuk. During the later part of his career, Gatschet was assigned comparative work on all the Algonquian languages. Although the project was never completed, he collected much about many of the languages, especially Peoria, Miami, and Shawnee. In addition, he worked with members of diverse tribes of the eastern United States. For more information, see NAA finding aid located at http://www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/guide/_g1.htm#jrg575
NAA MS 2016-a
Varying Form of Title:
Crayon pictures of Cheyenne ceremonial customs and implements / drawn by Wuxpais or Daniel Littlechief ... ; explained by notes from the same Indian by Albert S. Gatschet
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Agency.
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America Search this
ca. early 1900's
Scope and Contents:
Relate to Eskimos and/or Aleuts, and Tlingit and Athapaskan Indians in Alaska, mainly signed by Guy F. Cameron.
Catalog Number 4616: (1) Tribe: Eskimo or Aleut Subject: "Sea Otter Hunters." Men using 3-hole bidarkas. [Locality probably S. E. Alaska, but bidarki is Aleut boat.- HBC] Photographer: Guy F. Cameron. (2) Eskimo or Aleut "Natives from Tatetlek, Alaska [Tatitlek, in Prince William Sound= Eskimo], at Valdez." Using 3-hole bidarkis. [Aleut boat.] (3) Eskimo or Aleut "Natives in bidarkis made of skins. Cold Bay, Alaska." [south coast of Alaska, but Aleut boat.] Guy F. Cameron. (4) Eskimo "Esquimaux B[arabaras, i.e., subterranean houses], Nushagak, Alaska." [Near Bristol Bay.] (5) Eskimo Man in fur parka and fur hat, half length, front view. ["Southern Bering Sea Eskimo wore caps like this." HBC, 6/60] Guy F. Cameron. (6) Eskimo "King Salmon, Esquimaux natives and a kayak boat made of skins, Nushagak, Alaska." [Probably Eskimo from Nunivak; Nunivak type of kayak-- two people sit in hole, back to back.-- note from H. B. Collins, 6/60.] Guy F. Cameron. (7) Aleut "Aleute native and his family, in modern house, Seldovia, Alaska." [Far from Aleut territory, but Aleuts possibly moved here by some company, which provided this type of house ?-HBC.] (8) Aleut or Eskimo "Native village at Seldovia, Alaska." [Wooden canoes look like Eskimo canoes.--HBC.] Date: [1899 ?-- very faint.]
Catalog Number 4616: (9) Tribe: [Athapascan] Sweat house. ["Probably Yukon area."-- H. B. Collins] Photographer: Guy F. Cameron. (10) [Athapascan] "Doc Billam. and two klutches. Copper River natives." Guy F. Cameron. (11) [Athapascan] "Chief Stickwan of Copper River natives." Guy F. Cameron. (12) [Athapascan] Girl, full length, standing. Guy F. Cameron [underneath faintly, says Hunt (?), 1910."] (13) [Athapascan] Girl, front view, bust. Guy F. Cameron. (14) [Athapascan] Girl, profile, bust. [faintly, " , C well, Valdez, Alaska."] (15) [Athapascan] Woman, front view, bust. Guy F. Cameron S. I. Negative Number 50,340. (16) [Athapascan] Woman and young boy. Half length. Guy F. Cameron (17) Athapascan ? Man, front view, bust. Wearing fur parka (same asin Number 5) and felt hat. ["Probably so. Alaska"-- H. B. Collins] Guy F. Cameron. (18) Athapascan ? Same man as above, without hat. Guy F. Cameron. (19) Athapascan ? "Rock on which a whole tribe of natives was exterminated, near Unga, Alaska." [Unga about half way down the Alaskan peninsula.] Guy F. Cameron. (20) Tlingit Totem poles, Sitka, Alaska. Photographer: [P. S. Hunt-- written faintly in lower left corner]
NAA MS 4616
Two prints, Numbers 12 and 20 show partly obliterated name of another photographer, P. S. Hunt (?).