Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
2,648 documents - page 1 of 133

Frederica de Laguna papers

Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 Map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
Tutchone  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Tanana  Search this
Kawchodinne (Hare)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Northern Athabascan  Search this
Chugach  Search this
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Degexit'an (Ingalik)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- Ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutchone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3363424fd-e665-498b-a37c-9f4a81302a35
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Online Media:

Copy of Potlatch for Eva Joe

Collection Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Collection Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Container:
Reel 102
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Oct. 17, 1969
Scope and Contents:
Copy of 2nd reel recording of for Potlatch for Eva Joe Oct. 17, 1969 --Reel HS Original recording made by Marie-Francoise Guedon

(This was funeral and potlatch combined)

#1-12

Guédon

1. song - ?

2. Porcupine Dance from Minto

3. Steven Northway sings the song he composed when he was caught in a forest fire. He escaped and returned singing this song

// Pause --noise --no singing so copy is turned off & on. //

4. Tetlin Hill song

5. Annie Joe's song for the new hall. (It has now become very popular).

6. Kitty David's for hall.

7. drumming --Emma Titus song for her grandson's recovery

8. unidentified --a new song

9. a new song --8 repeated?

10. sorry song

11. sorry song --Emma Titus? Song for cousin-sister, Ida David

11a. repeated --ends in middle --splice //

//12. sorry song (Titus David's song for his son?)

End
Collection Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Frederica de Laguna papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna papers
Frederica de Laguna papers / Series 12: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw321b90e5b-ad33-4396-8075-f5ce216b6cfa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-89-ref2676

MS 4234 Comparative notes on Siouan languages

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
8 Items (slips )
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Woccon  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Comparative vocabulary, 117 items, in English, Hidatsa, Ofo, Mandan, Dakota, Biloxi, Tutelo, Osage and (a few) Winnebago. 3 pages. Comparison of 24 words: English, Catawba, Ofo, Tutelo, Dakota and Quapaw. 1 slip. Synonyms for the name "Ofo". 1 slip. Summary of history of classification of Tutelo, Catawba, and Woccon as Siouan. 1 slip.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4234
Local Note:
typescript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4234, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4234
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32adf22e5-f6b6-4cc3-a2d9-f76a06cb93a9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4234

MS 4126 Probable Identity of the Croatan Indians

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Harper, Roland M. (Roland McMillan), 1878-1966  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1933
Scope and Contents:
Notes and correspondence presumably assembled in connection with the preparation of this paper. [Washington, D. C. 1933.] Miscellaneous document. 34 pages. Notes include: Correspondence, 1908, 1909, 1933, 1934, 6 pages; rough notes from North Carolina Colonial Records and other sources, concerning tribal locations, family names, etc., 16 pages; reprint of Roland M. Harper, "The Most Prolific People in the United States," Eugenical News, 23:2, 1938, 2 pages; typescript of Swanton's mimeo. article (same text), 10 pages.
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton concludes that the Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina who have been called Croatan and Cherokee are descended from certain Siouan tribes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4126
Local Note:
mimeograph document
Topic:
Siouan -- Eastern  Search this
Names, tribal -- Location  Search this
Names, Personal  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4126, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4126
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31a4cdaa3-2368-48d9-85c8-f4f5d4e6f4fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4126

MS 4146 Copies of material regarding American Indians from various publications

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Creator:
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Béranger, Jean  Search this
González Barcia, Andrés  Search this
Serrano y Sanz, Manuel, 1868-1932  Search this
Ruidíaz y Caravia, Eugenio, 1849-1896  Search this
Capers, William, 1790-1855  Search this
Hall, Basil, 1788-1844  Search this
Lincecum, Gideon, 1793-1874  Search this
Régis du Roullet, Louis Joseph Guillaume de  Search this
Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816  Search this
Ribaut, Jean, approximately 1520-1565  Search this
Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, 1533?-1588  Search this
Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo, 1478-1557  Search this
Laudonnière, René Goulaine de  Search this
Le Page du Pratz, -1775  Search this
Margry, Pierre, 1818-1894  Search this
Kerlérec, Louis Billouart, chevalier de, 1704-1770  Search this
Pope, John, 1749-1802  Search this
Du Ru, Paul, 1666-1741  Search this
Smith, John, 1580-1631  Search this
Escalante Fontaneda, Hernando d'  Search this
Extent:
371 Pages
23 Items (slips )
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents:

1. Myths and customs of the Cherokee, Catawba, and Choctaw, from "Adventures in the Wilds of the United States and British Provinces," by Charles Lanman, 2 volumes, Philadelphia, 1856- 60 pages.

2. Legends of Caddo Paintings by J. M. Stanley, from "Portraits of North American Indians, with sketches of scenery, etc., Washington, 1852. 1 page".

3. Corrections of McNutt's translations of the section on Chicora in Peter Martyr's "De Orbe Novo," by Dr John M. Cooper. 1 page and letter.

4. Memoirs of Berenger, La Harpe's captain on his exploration of the Texas coast. Copied from manuscript in Newberry Library, Chicago. (Linguistic sections omitted but published by Du Terrage and Rivet in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris. 34 pages.

5. Excerpts from Barcia's "Ensayo Cronologico a la Historia de la Florida." 23 pages.

6. Excerpts from Serrano y Sanz, "Documentos Historicos de la Florida y la Luisiana." 14 pages with additional slips.

7. Excerpts from Eugenio y Caravia, "La Florida." 2 volumes, 12 pages.

8. Extract from the Journal of the Reverend William Capers, printed in the Methodist Magazine for June, 1822, pages 232-236. 4 pages.

9. Extract from Captain Basil Hall's "Travels in North America in the years 1827 and 1828, Philadelphia, 1929. 18 pages (in duplicate.)

10. Notes from Dr Gideon Lincecum's manuscript entitled "Traditional History of the Chahta Nation", owned by the University of Texas, and never published in its entirety though the Choctaw migration legend was primted by the Mississippi Historical Commission. 21 pages.

11. Three pages of Manuscript material from the library of Col. William Preston, in Virginia State Library. 3 pages. Re Cherokee ca. 1780. Cf.Manuscript # 1912, transcript by Mooney, Same ?

12. Notes from Library of Congress copy of French documents by Regis de Roullet; printed also in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris. 6 pages.

13. Notes on sewan (Wampum) from "Original Narratives of New Netherlands". 2 pages.

14. Notes on Creek Indians from Manuscripts afterward printed by Grant Foreman in "A Traveler in Indian Territory." 23 pages.

15. Excerpts from a Memoir printed at Luxemberg, a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 5 pages.

16. Excerpts from the "Letters" of Benjamin Hawkins, printed by the Georgia Historical Society. 23 pages.

17. Excerpts from the Narrative of Jean de Ribault from French's Historical Collections of Louisiana, 1875, 159-190. 4 pages.

18. Excerpts from Narrative of Jacques le Moyne translated and printed in Boston, 1875. 3 pages.

19. Excerpt from Oviedo, "Historia General y Natural," volume 3, 630-631. 3 pages.

20. Excerpt from Relation of Penicaut in Margry, V, page 457. 5 pages.

21. Miscellaneous extracts from Barcia's Ensayo (see Number 5). 44 pages and additional slips.

22. Extracts from Rene Gourlaine de Laudonniere, Paris, 1853, "L'Histoire Notable de la Florida." 44 pages.

23. A page on the Natchez language from Le Page du Pratz, "La Louisiane," Paris, 1758; and lists of Natchez and Taensa villages from Margry. 1 page.

24. Relation of Captain Penalosa's voyage to Florida, from Ruidiaz, "La Florida," volume II, pages 473-476. 4 pages.

25. Excerpt from Iberville's Journal in Margry, volume IV, pages 512-514. 2 pages.

26. Excerpt from de Kerelec's Report in Compte Rendu du Congres Internacional des Americanistes, Quebec, 1907. 1 page.

27. Excerpts from Pope's "Tour". 1 page.

28. Excerpt from Journal of Pere du Ru in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes de Paris (N.S.), Volume XVII, pages 119-135. 6 pages.

29. John Smith's version of the "Huskanaw" ceremony, Tyler ed., pages 112-113. 2 pages.

30. Corrections of translations of Fontaneda by an unknown writer and of doubtful value. 23 slips.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4146
Topic:
Folklore -- Cherokee  Search this
Folklore -- Catawba  Search this
Folklore -- Choctaw  Search this
Expeditions -- La Harpe  Search this
Wampum  Search this
"Huskanaw"  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4146, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4146
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31fb0d1e9-cc2b-4694-9012-a13b5f49ca71
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4146

MS 4893 List of names of signers of 1784 treaty between the Choctaw nation and Spain

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4893
Local Note:
Typescript document with A. notations
Topic:
Treaties -- Choctaw  Search this
Treaties -- Spain  Search this
Names, Personal -- Choctaw  Search this
Names, Personal -- Spanish  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4893, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4893
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw377b9bdf0-0d44-4e3a-a54a-678ce75b6fc8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4893

MS 4184 Letter to John R. Swanton, regarding Peter Pitchlynn, Choctaw Chief

Creator:
Evans, W. A. (William Augustus), 1865-1948  Search this
Correspondent:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Names:
Pitchlynn, Peter Perkins, 1806-1881  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May 27, 1939
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4184
Local Note:
Autograph letter signed
Citation:
Manuscript 4184, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4184
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d54f99ba-29a8-4565-9df6-b095f67bb8df
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4184

MS 4895 Letter to John R. Swanton

Creator:
Evans, W. A. (William Augustus), 1865-1948  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May 24, 1937
Scope and Contents:
Contains list of Choctaw proper names. Also includes notes by Swanton on Choctaw names in letter.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4895
Local Note:
Autograph letter signed
Topic:
Names, Personal -- Choctaw  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4895, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4895
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c4ecc13f-5bdd-425b-b8d2-e52ca6573b7d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4895

MS 4162 Haida notebooks

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
648 Pages
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1900-01
Scope and Contents:
Original field notes.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4162
Citation:
Manuscript 4162, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4162
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34c563199-8d3e-4ef5-8656-6c0b5c7c5d72
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4162

MS 4120 Source materials on the Caddo

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Extracts from printed historical sources and photocopies of manuscripts. [Assembled before 1941.] Typescript document with annotations. Approximately 332 pages. Photostat copies of manuscript document approximately 68 pages. Speck, Frank G. Letter to John R. Swanton enclosing Caddo terms from a manuscript in the [American] Philosophical Society Library. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania April 16, 1940. Autographed letter signed, 2 pages. Enclosure, 2 pages.
Arrangement:
Alphabetically arranged by author or other source.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4120
Citation:
Manuscript 4120, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4120
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3788d18f4-c21d-4ebe-96eb-77e767ace8fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4120

MS 4125 Wichita texts and interlinear English; Kichai translations of 4 Wichita texts; and Wichita and Kichai vocabularies

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Hadden, John  Search this
Informant:
Caley, Jose  Search this
giwakodadaka  Search this
Old Man Yellowbird  Search this
Wits  Search this
Extent:
481 Pages
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
April-November, 1919
Scope and Contents:
Includes Autograph Document (carbon copy) 96 pages. The Wichita texts are entitled, "Wichita Stories," and, except the first, numbered with Roman numerals (II-X). Each of the 10 sections is apparently a separate story, because each begins with an introductory formula. The Kichai translations of four of these Wichita stories are given numbers corresponding to the 4 Wichita stories. Each Kichai translation has an accompanying carbon copy. The vocabularies include separate Kichai and Wichita word lists and phrases as well as a short comparative vocabulary of the two. There is also 1 sheet containing words in other Indian languages as well as Wichita and Kichai.
Biographical / Historical:
Kichai informants: Josie Caley, Old Man Yellowbird, and "Wits and wife." John Hadden was the interpreter with Jose Caley. No Wichita informants are named by Swanton, but the informant for a Wichita version of a Pawnee story is recorded as saying that the "name of Old Pawnee who told him the story [was] giwakodadaka."
The location and date of the collection of this material is mentioned in Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 40, page 5, and Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 41, page 7.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4125
Local Note:
The last 5 Wichita texts, the Kichai translations, and a 16 page Kichai vocabulary were formerly filed under Manuscript Number 4137. They were added to Manuscript Number 4125 as of 6/1970.
autograph document
Other Title:
Wichita Stories
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4125, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4125
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38ba13529-9bca-4f3a-a5b3-a204d03f1842
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4125

MS 4292 Ka-Gway, a Hydah Indian (Queen Charlotte Island) story, as told by Chief Taan, (Tom Price) and set down by Alfred Adams, Chief of the Massetts

Creator:
McKelvie, B. A. (Bruce Alistair), 1889-1960  Search this
Adams, Alfred, Chief  Search this
Informant:
Taan, Chief  Search this
Price, Tom  Search this
Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
1 Photograph
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also 1 page letter of transmittal from B. A. McKelvie, Vancouver, B. C., July 8, 1924.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4292
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4292, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4292
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3925e7a8d-8413-4765-ad8b-627efff5e321
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4292

Letters to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 11, 1897; June 10, 1898; April 13, 1903
Scope and Contents:
Concerning various matters and including references to John R. Swanton.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(39)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ca0e0246-586c-4aff-aa51-ffd6ad820562
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref35

Letter to F. W. Hodge

Creator:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Pointing out errors in a map of Algonquian languages prepared by John R. Swanton and Truman Michelson.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(10)
Topic:
Algonquin  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3718f5b1a-01ba-4fad-ad73-61345bce3fa3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref8

MS 4117-b Materials relating to the Haida

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: (1) Vocabulary and grammatical notes, mostly English-Haida, but not alphabetical. 1888. 20, 3 pages. (2) Haida-English vocabulary. Collected 1885-86. 16 pages. (3) Text in Haida, St. Matthew 2; and on last 2 pages, sketches concerning house construction. 6 pages. (4) "Haida legends: Legend of the Stastas; Raven legend; Story of the Clan Gittins; Shamans." 15 pages, typed, numbered 1-8, 18-22,
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4117-b
Other Title:
Haida legends: Legend of the Stastas; Raven legend; Story of the Clan Gitins; Shamans
Topic:
Habitations and other structures -- Haida  Search this
Folklore -- Haida  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4117-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4117B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c62bced9-c009-4727-a2e9-7aec3369be51
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4117b

MS 4324 Chinook linguistic material

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Culture:
Chinook  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This consists only of photostat copies of the following articles: The Vocabulary of the Chinook Language (Boas), reprinted from the American Anthropologist, Volume 6- Number 1, January-March 1904. Morphology of the Chinook Verb (Swanton), American Anthropologist, N.S. II, pages 199-237.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4324
Local Note:
Photostat copies
Other Title:
The Vocabulary of the Chinook Language
Morphology of the Chinook Verb
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4324, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4324
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw308f1c8e7-fe31-40f2-9f3b-c8d97cda79e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4324

MS 4132-b Choctaw stories

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Comby, Olman  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1928-1930
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton worked with the Choctaw in 1928-1930, according to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 46, page 3; and AR 47, page 2.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4132-b
Local Note:
Typescript document with manuscript notations
Topic:
Folklore -- Choctaw  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4132-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4132B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3db628ef3-ee8d-4f95-b512-adb1002cf75f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4132b

MS 4897 Choctaw ethnological notes

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Mosely, Forbis  Search this
Meyers, Betsy C.  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4897
Local Note:
Autograph document
Citation:
Manuscript 4897, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4897
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34549f148-2a3b-4c82-a41c-4f8f7656d8e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4897

Black, Lydia

Collection Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Collection Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
See also: "Under Mt. St. Elias"
Collection Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Frederica de Laguna papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna papers
Frederica de Laguna papers / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.1: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a1f9197a-ad74-470c-a290-2d7cd2454555
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-89-ref100

[Sollas, W. J.]

Collection Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Collection Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 21
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Frederica de Laguna papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna papers
Frederica de Laguna papers / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.1: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b8050476-cfb5-4c65-b2d0-cf7c9edd70d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1998-89-ref1000

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By