A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Materials include press dispatches, clippings, photographs, personal documentation, a scrapbook, a copy of "H. O. No. 138 - Sailing Directions for Antarctica - 1943"
with a special supplement dated 1947; and philatelic samples.
These records document the participation of Robert B. Klaverkamp (Enlisted Naval Correspondent) aboard the USS Burton Island (AG-88), flagship of "Task Force 39," a
part of "Operation Windmill" (1947-1948). Windmill was the follow-up expedition to "Operation Highjump" (1946-1947).
The Chief of Naval Operations established Operation Windmill as a follow-up to Operation Highjump to train personnel, test equipment, and reaffirm American interests in
Antarctica. The expedition gathered a variety of geographic, hydrographic, oceanographic, geologic and meteorological data. Following Operation Highjump, it was determined
that the 70,000 photographs taken during the expedition were impossible to reconstruct in any meaningful way because no ground control reference points had been recorded.
So, in addition to scientific data gathering and equipment testing, Operation Windmill, and specifically Task Force 39, was charged with determining ground control points
from 30 selected locations for use with Aerial photographs taken during Operation Highjump.
The icebreakers USS Burton Island (AG-88) and USS Edisto (AG-89) constituted "Task Force 39." It was their job to plot ground reference points at the 30 selected sites
for use with the Operation Highjump photographs. Once the plotting work was done, USS Burton Island stopped at Marguerite Bay, broke through the ice, and freed the Port of
Beaumont, a research and support vessel to the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition (1946-1948), which was a privately funded expedition.
The Smithsonian also participated in "Task Force 39." Malcolm Davis, zookeeper with the National Zoological Park, was assigned to the USS Edisto with the express purpose
of collecting penguins, other birds, and leopard seals. See Record Unit 74, box 194 for more information regarding Davis' activities.
This accession consists of records that document the first through the eighth International Theriological Congress meetings. Locations for meetings include Moscow (1974),
Brno (1978), Helsinki (1982), Edmonton (1985), Rome (1989), Sydney (1993), Acapulco (1997), and Sun City, South Africa (2001). Also included is the unsuccessful proposal for
Beijing to host the 1993 meeting. In addition, there is one folder of Steering Committee records.
Records documenting the ninth meeting in Sapporo, Japan, in 2005 (Accession 06-049) have been interfiled into this collection. This is the first meeting since the name
change to the International Mammalogical Congress. Beginning with the congress in 2005, the International Theriological Congress will be known as the International Mammalogical
Congress. The name change was decided at the 2001 congress in Sun City, South Africa. Originally, the word "theriological" was adopted at the first congress in Moscow (1974)
because it was the term used by the Russians and other Eastern European countries when referring to the study of mammals. The term "mammalogical" was adopted at the 2001 congress
because it is more universally recognized name for the discipline.
Materials include correspondence, program book, overhead transparencies, agendas, itineraries, brochures, invitations, and other related materials.