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Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection

Names:
Andrade-Watkins, Claire  Search this
Bambara, Toni Cade  Search this
Dash, Julie  Search this
Gerima, Haile  Search this
Gunn, Bill, 1934-1989  Search this
Jafa, Arthur  Search this
Jones, Robert Earl, 1904-2006  Search this
Massiah, Louis  Search this
Micheaux, Oscar, 1884-1951  Search this
Moses, Ethel  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Sanchez, Sonia, 1934- (poet, reader)  Search this
Snead, James A., 1953-1989  Search this
Spence, Louise, 1945-  Search this
Tucker, Lorenzo  Search this
Donor:
Bowser, Pearl, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
approximately 100 Motion picture films
213 Sound cassettes (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Sound cassettes
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
Vhs (videotape format)
Place:
England
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Roanoke (Va.)
Memphis (Tenn.)
Date:
bulk 1920-2001
Biographical / Historical:
Pearl Bowser is a filmmaker, producer, author, lecturer, and highly acclaimed scholar of African American film who is recognized as an authority on the works of Oscar Micheaux, a noted writer, director, and producer of race films from 1919 to 1948.

Born Pearl Johnson on June 25, 1931, in Sugar Hill, Harlem, New York, she was named after her mother (also Pearl Johnson), a domestic worker who had been raised in a Catholic nunnery. On occasional Saturdays, the younger Pearl would accompany her mother to work in apartments in lower Manhattan, where she would assist her by folding handkerchiefs for a small allowance. After moving to a lower part of Harlem when she was about four years old, she met Harlem entrepreneur "Bumpy" Johnson, for whom she and other children in the neighborhood did odd jobs such as counting coins or attending to his ice-cream stand. Johnson, who would sometimes give the children joy rides in his Cadillac, occasionally allowed Pearl and the other children to borrow books from his extensive library, provided that they read them and submitted to a quiz.

As a child, Bowser had several racist encounters. For example, one of her white kindergarten teachers at her elementary school wore gloves in the classroom as to not touch Black pupils. She was also occasionally teased for having a gap between her teeth but felt insulated from sustained bullying because she had several older brothers who sometimes protected her. On a separate occasion, when she was about nine years old, her mother sent her on a trip from New York to the South to visit relatives. Although her mother had purchased tickets for her to be in a Pullman car, when she changed trains in Washington, DC., she was forced to ride in the car behind the engine, which left her covered in soot.

An avid reader, Pearl excelled in elementary and high school and received a scholarship to attend Brooklyn College, where she majored in biology. She supplemented her income by recording the numbers in one of Bumpy Johnson's shops. Disappointed with the quality of the education she was receiving, Bowser withdrew from Brooklyn College, eventually landing a job at CBS where she worked on a team that analyzed Nielsen ratings.

In 1955, Pearl married fellow New Yorker LeRoy Bowser. By the mid-1960s, although Pearl and LeRoy Bowser had separate interests, they both were working simultaneously in the civil rights movement. While LeRoy was active in Brooklyn CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and went to the South in the summer to teach for what was the beginning of HeadStart, Pearl, along with other production activists, took to the streets documenting African American culture and issues—working to bring these films to schools. Additionally, Bowser wanted to write a cookbook to earn funds for Brooklyn's CORE organization. She was approached by David Davis, the editor of Tuesday Magazine. Tuesday had distribution in the Herald Tribune across the country as a Sunday supplement. As the urban-world magazine exploded in Black communities, "Joan" Bowser's two-page pictorials on Southern cooking with a set of recipes became very popular in the five years she wrote them. Bowser retained copyrights to the articles, and easily completed her cookbook a short time later.

Bowser's colleague at ABC, Charles Hobson, found a used book written by Peter Noble about Black films and Oscar Micheaux. The volume was slim and contained what little information contained in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) files. Hobson and his colleagues wanted to write a book about the topic, and they assigned Bowser to begin the research. As part of the project, Bowser went to California to interview actors who may have been in early Black films or may have worked with Micheaux. What she learned began her intensive scholarship into Micheaux and his fellow filmmakers.

In 1971, she organized her first film festival, the Black Film History Series. In 1979, she organized the nation's first American women's film festival in New York City. She also presented a major retrospective, Independent Black American Cinema 1920-1980, which toured the country during 1981 and 1982. She also directed the Journey Across Three Continents film and lecture series, which toured the country from 1983-1985. Bowser also served as president of the prestigious Flaherty Film Seminar in 1987. In 1989, she, alongside Grant Munro, programmed the 35th Flaherty Film Seminar, which featured films such as Finzan, Zajota and the Boogie Spirit, Daughters of the Dust, and many more. She has also been a judge at the world-renown Pan-African Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (FESCPACO) in Burkina Faso (formerly known as Upper Volta).

In the 1980s Bowser was awarded an independent artists grant by the Ford Foundation to travel west and collect oral histories from individuals in Oscar Micheaux's orbit, loosely following the route he would have travelled decades earlier. Stopping in cities such as Roanoke, Virginia; Memphis, Tennessee; and Jackson, Mississippi, she collected dozens of oral histories from actors, actresses etc. that knew Oscar Micheaux. Through this research she became an eminent figure in the Black independent film industry. Working as a programmer, she travelled around the United States and the world showing films by domestic and Black filmmakers within the Diaspora.

Despite her wealth of experience working as a programmer, it wasn't until the 1990s that Bowser made her directorial debut with the documentary film Midnight Ramble. Funded by American Experience, the film looks at African Americans and Hollywood movies from 1910 through the 1950s. In 2000, she, along with Louise Spence, co-authored Writing Himself into History: Oscar Micheaux, His Silent Films and His Audiences, a book about the pioneering filmmaker. Additionally, she is founder and director of Chamba Educational Film Services, a film distribution company that specialized in distributing films by African American filmmakers. In the early 1980s, she renamed her company/collection as African Diaspora Images, a collection of historical and contemporary films documenting Black film history. She subsequently joined Third World Newsreel, where she was director of their theater department.

In 2012, Pearl Bowser donated her extensive collection of books, sound cassettes, films, film memorabilia, and papers to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

Sources:

1940 United States Federal Census; New York, New York, New York, population schedule, p. 61B, house number 1486, family 195, Pearl Bowser; Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012 accessed: 10 Sept 2022); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm: m-t0627-02665

Bowser, Pearl. Pearl Bowser Oral History. Interview by Tuliza Fleming and Jennifer Lyon, July 21, 2011.
Provenance:
Acquired as a donation from Pearl Bowser in 2012.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Filmmakers  Search this
Actors -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Documentary films  Search this
Film festivals  Search this
African American actors  Search this
African American actresses  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Race films  Search this
African American motion picture producers and directors  Search this
African American women authors  Search this
Meetings  Search this
Conferences  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Motion picture soundtracks  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Radio broadcasts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound cassette
Oral histories (document genres)
16mm motion picture film
VHS (videotape format)
Citation:
Pearl Bowser Collection, National Museum of African American History and Culture
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2012.79.AV
See more items in:
Pearl Bowser Audiovisual Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3209e9c6d-3045-4a0a-941e-6519385b18d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2012-79-av

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, Colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, Colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb65ecad488-b154-45ec-85d7-31c2ef917cc4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

Fairview -- Hughes-Iles

Provenance:
The French Broad River Garden Club Foundation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hugh-Iles (Fairview, North Carolina)
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, and site map with plant list.
General:
The property was incorporated in 1951 as Sugar Hollow Farms, Inc. by two men, Beverly Williams and Samuel Hypes, from the Chicago area. This property, one of the five original houses, was built in 1953-54 at the foot of Little Pisgah Mountain. The landscape, as it exists today, began in 1964. It has been restored and expanded since 1998. Some lawns were returned to woodland; and paths now run through the returned wildflower spaces. Walls, steps, water features and ponds were added to create a natural mountain environment.
Persons and organizations associated with the property include: Guy Osbourne (former owner, 1953); Justus I. and Janet H. Wakelee (former owners); Wallace M. and Isabel R. Hughes (former owners, 1964-1991); Wallace M. Hughes Trust (former owner, 1991-1999); James McMillon (architect of stone and water features, 1998-present); and Douglas Clarke (gardener, 2003-2004).
Related Materials:
Hughes-Iles related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Fairview  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC069
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e4cb5d89-f0e0-481a-b5bc-97cb114dc6d8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12996

Fairview -- Cairn Laird

Provenance:
The French Broad River Garden Club Foundation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Cairn Laird (Fairview, North Carolina)
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, site map, land survey map, and copies of photographs before garden installation.
General:
"Cairn" is a Scottish term indicating a mound of rough stones marking a high place. Laird is a paternal ancestral name. Cairn Laird is a garden in the Sugar Hollow community--founded in the 1950s by Chicago emigres--of Fairview. The design and construction began in April 1999. The property consists of ten acres, two and a half of which comprise the house and gardens. Clearing and construction of the loamy woodland soil has created microclimates with full sun as well as deep shade. Natural features were used to organize a system of themed gardens and destinations for entertaining and meditation. The heart of Cairn Laird is the dining/entertaining area, which is oriented to capitalize on the views of Mount Pisgah. Other garden highlights include the White Garden; a children's woodland garden; the beehive garden; the camellia room and the koi pond. The series of garden areas is connected by stone steps and moss covered paths. A 600 square foot greenhouse was added in 2003 to house a large orchid collection, citrus, and banana trees.
Persons and organizations associated with the property include: Robert and Mae Fitch (former owners, 1987-1998); April Carder (landscape architect, 1999); Brenwen La Joie (gardener, 2003-2005); Steven Townsend (gardener, 2004-2005); and David Gernandt (pruner, 2000-2005).
Related Materials:
Cairn Laird related holdings consist of 1 folder (14 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Fairview  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC072
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62d424dec-f54f-49d3-8b53-408312e06aab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12997

Philadelphia -- Sugar Loaf Orchard

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb688601a66-5c45-4dc1-8f3a-696bb1ad35f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16502

Sugar Loaf Orchard

Owner:
Gilpin, Lucy F. (Mrs. John C.)  Search this
Architect:
Martin, Sydney E.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Exley, Emily  Search this
Shipman, Ellen, 1869-1950  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (35mm slide, col., 2 x 2 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
circa 1920-1940
General:
The original glass lantern slide is from the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, Philadelphia, PA.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. John C. and Lucy F. Gilpin (former owners); Sydney E. Martin (architect); Emily Exley (landscape architect); and Ellen Shipman (landscape architect).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Perennials  Search this
Houses  Search this
Roses  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA016001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA016: Philadelphia -- Sugar Loaf Orchard
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6aa225a78-f7e0-454a-b7dc-8630479695a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16985

Cohasset -- The Job Turner House

Former owner:
Turner, Job  Search this
Turner, Henry J.  Search this
Lincoln, Martin  Search this
Frothingham, Brooks  Search this
Stearns, Philip  Search this
Meyers, John  Search this
Koch, Ed  Search this
Architect:
Hoit, Roger  Search this
Provenance:
Cohasset Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Job Turner House (Cohasset, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Plymouth and Norfolk -- Cohasset
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
In the late 1700s a three-story Federal style house was built on State Street in Boston, It was moved across Boston Harbor to Cohasset by its owner, Job Turner in the early 1800s. In 1933 the house was re-sited on the 3-acre property to overlook the Gulf River. Fifty peonies planted in the 1930s still grow on the property; later a formal rose garden was established in the foundation of an old carriage house. The garden features larch, laburnum, liriodendron, lilacs, stewartia, sugar maple trees and a white wisteria. A water garden shaded by a Japanese maple have been added. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society bestowed the Gold Medal for a Four Seasons Garden on the Job Turner House in 1998.
Persons associated with the garden include: Job Turner (former owner, late 1700s-early 1800s); Henry J. Turner (former owner, mid 1800s); Martin Lincoln (former owner, 1878); James Lincoln (former owner, 1891); Brooks Frothingham (former owner, 1898); Philip Stearns (former owner, 1932); John Meyers (former owner, 1950); Ed Koch (former owner, 1971); George and Patsy Rabstejnek (owner, 1976- ); Mrs. Philip Stearns (horticulturist, 1930s); Mrs. Jeffery Power (horticulturist, 1976-1990); Miss Sylvia Schuler (gardener, starting in 2000); Roger O. Hoit (architect, 2009).
Related Materials:
The Job Turner House related holdings consist of 1 folder (31 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Cohasset  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA385
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62eb3f143-fccb-4b92-99af-0bb7f2a67574
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17595

Grafton -- Brigham Hill Farm

Landscape architect:
Foster, Jim  Search this
Leach, Warren  Search this
Provenance:
Worcester Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Brigham Hill Farm (North Grafton, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Worcester County -- Grafton -- North Grafton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, site plans, plant list, invoices, and copies of articles.
General:
Brigham Hill Farm was established in 1975 on over 13 acres. the gardens are entered either through the granite slab driveway or down the bluestone walk. an herb garden near the kitchen includes boxwood hedges, water trough, and fountain. This garden is set off seasonally with potted herbs and flowers. A vegetable garden exists behind the house. The raised beds were made with Milford pink granite beds, which match the home's foundation. Just past the vegetable garden is a small space, Gertrude's Garden. A small fountain/bird bath and boxwood hedges surround a lawn. The perennial gardens consist of several island beds and borders . A circle of Malus "Sugar Tyme' crab apple trees is being trained to create a bower in the garden for a shady sitting area. The owners placed a small rustic arbor made from red cedar cut for the property. A moon garden is located in a corner with white-flowering and silver foliaged plants. The water/wild garden begins past the pool area with a series of ponds and waterfalls cut into the native granite outcropping that provide water for plant and animal life. A small semi-circular council ring allows a seating area. Other garden features include several cut flower beds, small fruit beds, a chicken house with green roof, and shrub borders.
Persons and organizations associated with the property include: Jim Foster (landscape architect, 1993); Warren Leach (landscape architect, 1997-present); John Carlson (gardener, 1993-present); Jim Bengtson (stone mason, 1997-present); John Mapel (horticulturist, 2002-2007); Burnham Maintenance (lawn care, 1991-2007); and Bartlett Tree Experts (tree care, 1993-2007).
Related Materials:
Brigham Hill Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- North Grafton  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Cutting gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA352
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f06f3e3d-a75f-478a-ae6c-0430c84791f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17605

Westport -- Armknecht Garden

Garden designer:
Wilde, Patty  Search this
Gardener:
Murphy, John  Search this
Provenance:
Little Compton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Armknecht Garden (Westport, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Bristol County -- Westport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and site plans.
General:
Started circa 1990 when the house was built the Armknecht Garden overlooks a 500-acre pond that feeds into the Atlantic Ocean. The 3.3 acre property is enclosed by low stone walls that are bordered by shrubs. Four large patches of wildflowers are sited inside the walls, while closer to the house there are flower beds, three stands of fruit trees with spring bulbs and flowers planted below, a formal parterre boxwood and rose garden, and a long border planted along another stone wall that is parallel to the driveway.
The garden features an assortment of trees including paper bark, Japanese and sugar maples, Japanese snowbell, Serbian spruce, silk tree, corkscrew hazel, hawthorn, hollies and oak in addition to the small apple orchards. Interest in the tree collection has led to several tours of the Armknecht Garden conducted by The Garden Conservancy, the New England Wildflower Society, the Little Compton Garden Club and the Rare Plant Society of the Garden Clubs of America.
Persons associated with the garden include: Patty Wilde (garden designer, 1990); John Murphy (gardener, 1995-2008)
Related Materials:
Armknecht Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 35 mm slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Westport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA368
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d2b1be6c-df28-48ee-8822-fa4bcdd1fae0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17689
Online Media:

[Garden Street Garden]: the sugar maple glows in its autumnal splendor as one departs from the garden.

Photographer:
White, Susie  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (JPEG file, color)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Garden Street Garden (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Middlesex -- Cambridge
Date:
2015 Oct.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Autumn  Search this
Maple  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Trees  Search this
Posts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item MA621025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts / MA621: Cambridge -- Garden Street Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b85536ec-6cbc-42b4-81f9-730a680133ca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17934

[Brigham Hill Farm]: Malus 'Sugar Tyme' planted in circle in perennial garden; round pool in foreground.

Photographer:
Williams, Shirley, 1930-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Worcester County -- Grafton -- North Grafton
Date:
2002 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Trees  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Fences -- stone  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Spring  Search this
Chairs  Search this
Tables  Search this
Flowering trees  Search this
Swimming pools  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item MA352008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts / MA352: Grafton -- Brigham Hill Farm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb673e894e8-3889-4cb3-b76c-1bc40b047e3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18113

Upperville -- Edgewood

Former owner:
Oxnard, Marie Pichon  Search this
Oxnard, H. T. (Henry Thomas), 1860-1922  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Edgewood (Upperville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Upperville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
Edgewood was the home of Marie Pichon Oxnard and Henry T. Oxnard (1860-1922) who founded the American Beet Sugar Company. Oxnard, California was named after him. Oxnard made his home in Washington, D.C. as he maintained active interests in tariff legislation affecting the sugar industry. He also maintained a farm in Upperville as his country residence. He was well-known as a breeder of horses at Blue Ridge Farm in Upperville which he established in 1908. It is possible that Edgewood was located at or near Blue Ridge Farm, but that remains unclear.
At the time the garden was documented in the 1930s, it included a large swimming pool with a flagstone surround, lawns, hedges, shrubs, mature trees, and stone steps with urns alongside.
Persons associated with the garden include Henry T. Oxnard and Marie Pichon Oxnard (former owners, 1920s).
Related Materials:
Edgewood related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 3x4 in. lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Upperville  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb657e5513d-41ac-4885-ac68-60cc0f8b84c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18914

[Carl Braun's Dwarf Conifer Garden]: long perspective showing two monumental sugar maples, Acer saccarum 'Monumentalis' with procumbent Blue Atlas cedar, three dwarf Alberta spruce, and a gold 'Winston Churchill' Chamaecyparis.

Photographer:
Starke, Lauren S.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Carl Braun's Dwarf Conifer Garden (Warrenton, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fauquier County -- Warrenton
Date:
1996 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Warrenton  Search this
Trees  Search this
Conifers  Search this
Dwarf conifers  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Japanese maple  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Pinetum  Search this
Maple  Search this
Cedar  Search this
Spruce  Search this
Chamaecyparis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA266009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA266: Warrenton -- Carl Braun's Dwarf Conifer Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb661cf2da6-90cf-4518-b5b7-27ad0436f464
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19863

Avon -- Peg Atkinson's Garden

Former owner:
Atkinson, Charles Tracy  Search this
Atkinson, Marguerite C.  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Hartford  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Peg Atkinson's Garden (Avon, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Hartford County -- Avon
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, features map, and supplemental booklet of garden photographs.
General:
Located on three acres in Avon, Connecticut, the Peg Atkinson's Garden was originally part of a 300-plus acre property dating back to the 1800s. The house was built in 1931, possibly by architect Robert Schutz. Ravines create natural borders to the north and south of the property. A large meadow lies to the west. When Marguerite (Peg) and Tracy Atkinson made the property their home in 1977, Peg was inspired by the region's natural beauty and long growing season. Over the next 35 years, she worked to add garden elements to complement the New England landscape and enhance property vistas.
The property includes woodlands with mature pines and sugar maples. Peg Atkinson planted annuals and the London Planetree in the meadow. Striking trees and shrubs were emphasized in the garden design. Ornamentals such as Kousa dogwood, Eastern redbud, Japanese cherry tree and Mountain Cloud plum provide color year-round. Shrubs and perennials include hellebores, roses, Japanese barberry hydrangea, forsythia, peonies, German iris, Purple Cloud bushes, Rose of Sharon and Carolina silverbells. Curved brick walkways and stepping stone paths lead through the gardens and past eye-catching ornaments such as a "Victorian lady" sculpture, antique urn, bird feeders, stone gargoyles and iron benches.
Persons associated with the garden include: Charles Tracy & Marguerite Atkinson (former owners, 1977-2012); and David Hernandez (gardener, 1990s-2000?).
Related Materials:
Peg Atkinson's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Avon  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CT550
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67adcd9f8-fcd9-4f32-9526-5eb9402b873e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21438

Hartford -- Easter House

Former owner:
Gross, Samuel  Search this
Beecher, Elbridge M.  Search this
Grigsby, James A.  Search this
Grigsby, Karen P.  Search this
Architect:
West, Clifton C.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Desmond, Thomas M., 1884-1950  Search this
Sculptor:
Diepenbrock, Peter  Search this
Architectural drawings:
Wilhelm Associates  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Hartford  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Easter House (Hartford, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Hartford -- Hartford
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of plans.
General:
The original landscape was designed by landscape architect Thomas M. Desmond in the 1920's when the Federal-style brick house was built on a two-thirds acre lot in a newly developed neighborhood. Remaining features from the early gardens include a sugar maple tree in front of the house, a weeping beech at the side near the sun porch, curving beds along the back and side perimeters with mixed conifers, and winding paths of stepping stones. A venerable Japanese maple next to the original bluestone patio was pruned to reveal its branching structure, wisteria was removed from the house, and there are plans to remove rhododendron that have grown unattractive. Desmond's original planting plan had five fruit trees placed around the back lawn, a cutting salad garden, and a service area outside the laundry room, now converted to a breakfast room that opens to a new second patio. A curved drive in front of the house that connects to the original driveway leading to the garage was built in the 1980's.
From the driveway the garden is entered through an archway. The expanse of back lawn is used for games and entertaining and to display a stainless steel sculpture "Monogenesis #1" by Peter Diepenbrock. A curving stone wall in one corner is the backdrop to a planted bed and containers. The western bed of evergreens also has flowers planted on either side of the path of stepping stones.
In 1929 the architect Clifton C. West wrote articles for the Hartford Courant newspaper called "Your Prospective Home" with recommendations for designing houses and gardens that match the design of this house.
Persons associated with the garden include Samuel Gross (former owner, 1923-1938); Elbridge M. Beecher (former owner, 1938- ); James A. and Karen P. Grigsby (former owners, dates unknown); Clifton C. West (architect, 1923); Thomas M. Desmond (1884-1950) (landscape architect, 1924); Edward Cape/Wilhelm Associates (architectural renovations drawings, 1985); Peter Diepenbrock (sculptor, 2002).
Related Materials:
Easter House related holdings consist of 1 folder (34 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Hartford  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CT749
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d767eaff-e88a-42ea-a28e-f3edfafefa6c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21532

Ridgefield -- Stefan and Julia Corinne Abbruzzese Garden

Provenance:
Ridgefield Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Stefan and Julia Corinne Abbruzzese Garden (Ridgefield, Connecticut)
Fraser Garden (Ridgefield, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Fairfield -- Ridgefield
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and additional images.
Varying Form:
Fraser Garden, formerly known as.
General:
The current owners of the 1911 English style stone manor house and country place era gardens designed by Warren Manning have restored both since taking ownership of the 3.6-acre property in 2004. Their goals were to honor the original design, preserve the remaining trees and shrubs, and sympathetically incorporate elements for contemporary concerns such as deer fencing. The house and original 31 acres were on a hillside overlooking the surrounding countryside so the gardens were terraced, eventually melding into woodlands. The existing garden rooms have been unified with the consistent use of boxwood hedges for structure and formality combined with several varieties of hydrangea for softer textures, chosen for successive blooming times. The owners have preserved the climbing hydrangea growing on the stone pergola of the sunken terrace next to the house, as well as very old wisteria on a low stone wall with a covered arch on the far side of a flat acre farther downhill that was used as a polo field by previous owners. The garden rooms are planted with shrubs and perennials that are historically appropriate, and annuals for additional color. More than 30 containers placed around the property are replanted three or four times during the growing season from April to October.
Raised beds near the kitchen, and inside the deer fencing, contain vegetables, herbs and berries. The front garden, which is not fenced, includes peony, lilac, iris, cleome, daffodils, alyssum, salvia, and St. John's wort. Low growing blue juniper grows over the top of a wall made from boulders to soften the size of the rocks. In the garden rooms there are roses, dahlia, astilbe, cleome, allium, geranium, hellebores, hosta, butterfly bush, holly and yew. A row of arborvitae seen from the south terrace disguises the deer fence as well as screens the neighboring house. There is a koi pond in the sunken garden planted with floating hyacinth and lotus. The apples from espaliered trees on a nearby stone wall are shared with squirrels and chipmunks. Stately old trees on the property include copper beech, dogwood, oak, crabapple, birch, and weeping cherry; newer tree plantings include apple, pear, peach, shad, cherry, dogwood, red and sugar maples, and more than 60 evergreens.
Persons associated with the garden include: Arthur C. and Rose McLane Fraser (former owners, circa 1909-1941); Joseph M. and Nora Shapiro (former owners, 1941-1952); Paul D. and Elizabeth Arnold (former owners, 1952-1959); Tuccio Development Inc./Jerry Tuccio (former owner, 1959-1999); John R. Milo and Juliet D. Sitaram-Milo (former owners, 1999-2004); Grosvenor Atterbury (1869-1956) and John A. Tompkins (architects, circa 1909-1912); Warren H. Manning (1860-1938) (landscape architect, 1919-1913); Valerie R. Becker (landscape designer and gardener, 2013- ).
In 1927 the Garden Clubs of America held their annual meeting in Ridgefield and visiting delegates toured this garden. It was described as Old English on successive levels with delightful vistas and as perfectly fitting into its surroundings as shrubbery blended into forests.
Related Materials:
Stefan and Julia Corinne Abbruzzese Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (29 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Ridgefield  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CT006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb656911fad-1aac-41a1-b826-cc6b73297502
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21610

Sharon -- Cobble Pond Farm

Former owner:
Punnett, James  Search this
Schwab family  Search this
Hatch, Harold A.  Search this
Metz, James T.  Search this
Metz, Kathleen M.  Search this
Hatch, Margaret Milliken  Search this
Huntington and Kildare, Inc.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Dzenutis, Agnes K.  Search this
Architect:
Woolsey, Heathcote M.  Search this
Sculptor:
Colbert, David  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Whiting, Edward Clark  Search this
Gallagher, Percival  Search this
Provenance:
Millbrook Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Cobble Pond Farm (Sharon, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Litchfield County -- Sharon
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and abbreviated garden plan.
General:
Cobble Pond Farm comprises 250 acres with meadows, wetlands, a 22-acre pond that was lined with granite blocks, or cobbles, from an abandoned castle, a sunken garden, a formal Italianate secret garden, long herbaceous perennial borders, a sugar maple and dogwood allée, a cutting and vegetable garden, and farm animals including Aberdeen Angus cows and rescued horses, donkeys and llamas. The original garden was designed beginning circa 1930 by landscape architects Percival Gallagher and Edward Clark Whiting from the Olmsted Brothers firm. The Olmsted plan blends the formality of a European garden with the bucolic landscape of the surrounding areas. Within the formal areas there are broad lawns, stone footpaths and low stone walls defining the garden rooms.
Although the garden was severely overgrown in some places and unplanted in others the current owners discovered old plans and researched the original garden before commencing to recreate it. The formal garden rooms were planted in a more contemporary style with perennials and shrubs rather than the bedding annuals from the original plans, and the old flagstone walkways were replaced with bluestone. The Italianate garden is centered with a fountain and divided into four quadrants with hedges of clipped yew. Nearby stands an apple orchard and a pergola planted with wisteria and climbing hydrangeas. The sunken garden is anchored at one end by a one-hundred year old copper beech and contains two topiary lilacs, clematis, hydrangeas, and climbing roses. In spring the cutting garden's rectangular beds are filled with the bright colors of daffodils and tulips while the summer brings on more muted colors, featuring sambucus black lace and a weeping katsura tree.
Outbuildings include a garden hospital for plants needing attention. The surrounding woodlands were the source for the mature sugar maples in the allée, and saplings are still being transplanted to the formal garden areas. The summer house built in the 1920s was named Tintern Abbey after the poem by William Wordsworth.
Persons associated with the property include: James Punnett (former owner, ca. 1905); the Schwab Family (former owners, 1905-1921); Harold A. and Margaret Milliken Hatch (former owner, 1921-1981); James T. and Kathleen M. Metz (former owners, 1981-1986); Kathleen M. Metz (former owner, 1986-1992); Huntington and Kildare, Inc. (former owners, 1992 - 2002); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1929-1950); Fred McGourty (horticulturist,1984 - 2003); Marsha Kaufman (horticulturist, 2001 to date); Harold A. Hoyt (landscape gardener, 1983); Agnes K. Dzenutis (landscape designer and gardener, 1984-1999); Dave Enos (gardener and greenskeeper, 1995); Heathcote M. Woolsey (architect, 1946); David Colbert (sculptor, 1999).
Related Materials:
Cobble Pond Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (33 35 mm. slides and 37 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 09045, Harold A. Hatch.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Sharon  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CT195
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb682a16fae-9255-4c98-be90-a66d7a72e7fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21624

[Deep Hollow Farm]: large sugar maple, old stone wall, birdbath, and deep stone steps (planted). Propagating bed in front of stone wall.

Photographer:
Beidler-Viken  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Deep Hollow Farm (Millbrook, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Dutchess County -- Millbrook
Date:
1958.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Trees  Search this
Gardens -- New York -- Millbrook.  Search this
Daffodils  Search this
Stairs, stone  Search this
Spring  Search this
Flagstone  Search this
Retaining walls  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Walkways, flagstone  Search this
Birdhouses  Search this
Birdbaths  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY794005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY794: Millbrook -- Deep Hollow Farm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6dc6eb87a-b3cb-40d7-9a3e-36ccf67cae5c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref28102

Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb653f5a4fa-71fe-4259-ab23-a33248a801d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32850
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  • View Glass Lantern Slide and Lecture Scripts digital asset number 1

Jaffrey Center -- Cutterfield House

Provenance:
Monadnock Garden Club  Search this
Garden Club of Dublin (New Hampshire)  Search this
Owner:
Larsen, Sarah Henry  Search this
Larsen, Bruce  Search this
Landscape designer:
Hayward, Gordon  Search this
Odgers, Maude  Search this
Architect:
Drasba, David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- New Hampshire -- Cheshire -- Jaffrey Center
Cutterfield (Jaffrey Center, New Hampshire)
Scope and Contents:
31 digital images (2008-2017) and 1 file folder.
General:
In 2006 the owners began expanding their 1981 Cape Cod style house downhill, the only direction available since the more than one acre, in town property was next to an historic district cemetery and subject to setback restrictions. The expansion plus the installation of a barn built from roughhewn hemlock to house a model T car meant moving or destroying mature plants and a vegetable garden. Many trees and shrubs were moved to the roadside perimeter to improve screening, and vegetables and herbs are grown successfully in containers, window boxes, and a raised bed outside the kitchen door. The varying elevations required stone retaining walls to support new perennial beds. Landscape designer Gordon Hayward recommended straight sightlines for borders around the rectangular house. The layout of the house and barn on different elevations was softened as the plantings matured. The terraced beds linked by stone stairs combine texture, color, size and shape, with the use of complimentary colors and, increasingly, foliage plants. All of the garden beds are planted with shrubs, small trees, perennials and some annuals. Different paving materials as well as elevations define the garden rooms.

The barn garden further away from the house's two stone terraces is planted with vertical shrubs for screening and more showy perennials such as phlox, beebalm, poppy, Shasta daisy, poppy and iris; their less than attractive die-back is not noticed from the upper levels. As these plants have grown a secluded, secret garden emerged. A brick patio was added for dining. The owners encourage wildlife with birdhouses and keep the grass longer to provide cover. Native New England plants are emphasized that will provide habitat for wildlife and improve their organic ecosystem. These include columbine, wild strawberry, cardinal flower, mountain mint, black-eyed Susan, blue-eyed grass, sugar maple, serviceberry, mountain laurel, red-twig dogwood, viburnum, ferns, trumpet honeysuckle, raspberry and blueberry. The whole property includes a field and woodland. The Cutterfield House gardens have been opened several times for garden tours and fund-raising events.

Persons associated with the garden include: John Cutter (former owner, 1790-1835); Esther Cutter Rice and Laban Rice (former owners, 1835-1873); Jonas C. and George L. Rice and James H. Drugg (former owners, 1873-1887); Mortimer Cutter (former owner, 1887-1894); Dr. C.P. Lyman (former owner, 1894-1903); Annie P. Henchman (former owner, 1903/1904-1917); Lawrence Wetherell (former owner, 1917/1918-1974); Charles H. Hearsey (former owner, 1974-1975); David T. Smith (former owner, 1976-1979); Florence P. and Roger R. Smith (former owners, 1979-1991); Susan G. Crim (former owner, 1991-1993); Franklin Pierce College (former owner, 1993-1994); Kathleen and Jonathan Sistare (former owners, 1994-1998); Sarah Henry Waters (owner, 1998 2015); Sarah Henry Waters Larsen and Bruce Walter Larsen (owners, 2015- ); Gordon Hayward (landscape designer, 2006-2007); Maude Odgers (gardener, 2006-2007); Our Town Landscaping (landscapers, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2017); Nancy Ellis (gardener, 2015-2018); David Drasba (architect, 2006-2007).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Hampshire -- Jaffrey Center  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NH117
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Hampshire
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb674b53003-d1fa-4a1d-b171-ea88fec5a60b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32875

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