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Dewey Michaels Burlesque Collection

Photographer:
Garbo (Chicago)  Search this
Laverne, Gene (Buffalo, NY)  Search this
Kriegsmann, James J.  Search this
Maurice (Chicago)  Search this
Seymour, Mamie (New York)  Search this
Bruno ((Bernard?) of Hollywood (New York City))  Search this
Bakchy, Boris (New York)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Community Life  Search this
Michaels, Dewey, 1898- (theater owner, director, producer)  Search this
Names:
Palace Burlesque Theatre (Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Photographs
Place:
Buffalo (N.Y.) -- photographs -- 1920-1970
Date:
late 1920's-1967
Scope and Contents:
Newspaper clippings; advertising brochures; and photoprints of performers at the Palace Theatre (including studio publicity portraits). The majority of the items are silver gelatin photoprints. Some photographers are listed below as index terms. Subjects of photographs include strippers and comedians; photographs of women include portraits as well as full-length figures, nude or in costume.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series. Arranged alphabetically by subjects' names within categories.
Biographical / Historical:
George Dewey Michaels (1898-1982) was owner, director, general manager and producer of the Palace Burlesque Theater in Buffalo, New York until it closed on September 29, 1977, when Michaels was 79 years old. Michaels started in the business when he was 19 years old. Through the years, he featured Abbott and Costello, Phil Silvers, Jerry Lewis, Red Buttons, and Sammy Davis, Jr. who was then a dancer with the Will Master Trio which included his father and uncle. The Palace Burlesque was part of a 40-city circuit. Michaels was married in 1920 to Phyllis Boasberg. She died in 1969, leaving two sons and one daughter. On December 4, 1980, Michaels donated a backdrop, used in the theatre, to the Smithsonian. The backdrop had a musical theme with a clarinetist and notes rendered in extravagant art nouveau. Michaels was then 83 years old. Other backdrops were distributed to other theatres and collectors. They were 60-100 years old, painted in Diamond Dye, and worth about $1,000 apiece.
Related Materials:
Theatrical backdrops and director's chair located in the Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mr. Dewey Michaels, January 31, 1981.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Glamour photography -- 1920-1970  Search this
Striptease -- 1920-1970  Search this
Stripteasers -- 1920-1970  Search this
Nudity in the performing arts  Search this
Theatrical producers and directors -- 1920-1970  Search this
Comedians -- 1920-1970  Search this
Entertainers -- 1920-1970  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Burlesque shows -- 1920-1970  Search this
Burlesque (Theater) -- 1920-1970  Search this
Entertainment -- Photographs -- 1920-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Dewey Michaels Burlesque Collection, circa 1920s-1967, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0065
See more items in:
Dewey Michaels Burlesque Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep896ac7af6-87c2-4acc-9b9c-9fc959e4fa84
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0065
Online Media:

Gypsy Rose Lee

Artist:
Arnold A. Newman, 3 Mar 1918 - 6 Jun 2006  Search this
Sitter:
Gypsy Rose Lee, 9 Feb 1911 - 26 Apr 1970  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 24.8 x 32.9cm (9 3/4 x 12 15/16")
Sheet: 27.7 x 35.4cm (10 7/8 x 13 15/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1945 (printed later)
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Lamp  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Settee  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Female  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Literature\Writer  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater\Burlesque  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.91.89.24
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Arnold Newman
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d51f1b51-d2d8-4bcc-8bea-66bdb3ce8ec5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.91.89.24

Gypsy Rose Lee and her entourage

Artist:
Ralph Steiner, 8 Feb 1899 - 13 Jul 1986  Search this
Sitter:
Gypsy Rose Lee, 9 Feb 1911 - 26 Apr 1970  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 26.1 × 33.6 cm (10 1/4 × 13 1/4")
Sheet: 27.8 × 35.4 cm (10 15/16 × 13 15/16")
Mat: 40.6 × 55.9 cm (16 × 22")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York\Bronx
Date:
1944
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Headdress  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove\Gloves  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Sign  Search this
Vehicle\Automobile  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Suitcase  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Leaves  Search this
Costume\Stole\Fur  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Female  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Literature\Writer  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Gypsy Rose Lee: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater\Burlesque  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.267
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Ralph Steiner, Courtesy Estate
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cf8fcb6f-0056-4b9f-85a7-f9bf6d766f93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.84.267

John White

Subject:
White, John M.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Los Angeles, Calif.
Date:
1971
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3492
See more items in:
John M. White papers, 1949-1985
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3492
Online Media:

John M. White papers, 1949-1985

Creator:
White, John M., 1937-  Search this
White, John M., 1937-  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- California -- Venice  Search this
Conceptual art  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7459
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209617
AAA_collcode_whitjohn
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209617

The Case of the Sexy Jewess : Dance, Gender and Jewish Joke-work in US Pop Culture

Author:
Schwadron, Hannah  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (225 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Jewish women--Social life and customs  Search this
Jewish women in popular culture  Search this
Jews in popular culture  Search this
Women comedians--History  Search this
Jewish women--Humor--Social aspects  Search this
Stand-up comedy--Social aspects  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Women comedians  Search this
Call number:
E184.36.S65 S39 2017 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1148522

The naked result : how exotic dance became big business / Jessica Berson

Title:
How exotic dance became big business
Author:
Berson, Jessica  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xiv, 279 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Date:
2016
Topic:
Striptease--History  Search this
Striptease--Economic aspects  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE--General  Search this
Striptease  Search this
Call number:
PN1949.S7 B47 2016 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1148396

John M. White papers

Creator:
White, John M., 1937-  Search this
Extent:
2.2 Linear feet ((on 4 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1985
Scope and Contents:
REELS 3999-4001: Photocopies of school records from 1945; an award certificate, 1970; a resume, 1972; a contract with Art/Video Productions for co-partnership with Gerald L. Rosen and Andy Eason to produce interview videos; clippings, 1969-1975; 2 diaries, 1974 and 1975; correspondence with friends and associates, 1963-1985; 2 typescripts by White: "R. M. Shindler - An Architectural Analysis and Interpretation" and "Performance Chronology"; 14 notebooks, undated and 1965-1976; notes written as a student at the Patri School of Art Fundamentals, 1962-1965, and at the Otis Art Institute, 1964-1969; miscellaneous notes, 1949-1975; and subject files for 25 performance/installation works of art including "Dirt Event, Bronson Canyon", "Boulder Delivery", "Time and Space", and "Art Walk", 1968-1978, containing letters, notes, drawings, and printed material.
REEL 1817 (fr. 1229-1230): Photograph of John White performing "Conceptual Striptease (Clothing as Form)," 1971, Los Angeles, Calif. Photographer unknown. Photo was previously microfilmed under Photos of Artists II and has since been scanned and returned to the White papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Conceptual artist; Venice California.
Provenance:
Donated 1979 & 1981 by John M. White. Photograph donated with papers 1979 and microfilmed with Photographs of Artists-Collection II in 1980.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Conceptual artists -- California -- Venice  Search this
Topic:
Art, American -- California -- Venice  Search this
Conceptual art  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.whitjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f367365c-64d2-4e3f-9100-97bd00f0d5c6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whitjohn

Clippings

Collection Creator:
Casas, Mel, 1929-2014  Search this
Container:
Box OV 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987-1998
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Mel Casas papers, 1963-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Mel Casas papers
Mel Casas papers / Series 4: Printed Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9892210c7-a4e0-414f-91e1-630abb620a0b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-casamel-ref43
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Robert Delford Brown papers

Creator:
Brown, Robert Delford  Search this
Names:
Amaya, Mario  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
3.9 Linear feet
7.98 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Vhs (videotape format)
Diaries
Transcripts
Interviews
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1964-2009
Summary:
The papers of painter, sculptor, and performance artist Robert Delford Brown measure 3.9 linear feet and 7.98 GB and date from 1964-2009. The papers document his career as an artist and in particular the arts space "church" he founded in New York City, known as The First National Church of Exquisite Panic, Inc. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, church records, printed and digital material, photographic material, and video records of performance art. Brown's early career is documented in one scrapbook containing photographs, notes, press materials, and select artwork and documentation of ephemeral and performance artworks.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter, sculptor, and performance artist Robert Delford Brown measure 3.9 linear feet and 7.98 GB and date from 1964-2009. The papers document his career as an artist and in particular the arts space "church" he founded in New York City, known as The First National Church of Exquisite Panic, Inc. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, church records, printed and digital material, photographic material, and video records of performance art. Brown's early career is documented in one scrapbook containing photographs, notes, and press materials.

Biographical material includes a career summary, one diary, one interview transcript, and two interview recordings on videocassette. Correspondence is minimal and includes four letters written by Brown and letters and postcards from others. Printed material consists mostly of books and event announcements documenting Brown's career. Photographs depict his travels in Brazil and China, artwork, and a collaborative event in Paris. Video recordings depict a solo performance art piece and three collaborative performance art events.

Records of the First National Church of Exquisite Panic, Inc. include items produced for events, such as graphics, a t-shirt, "teachings," as well as reproductions of artwork created as part of the church. Also included are founding documents and manifestos.

One scrapbook contains detailed documentation on Brown's career from 1964 to 1974. Included are photographs and press materials for his "Meat Show" event, additional records of the founding of his church, and photographs of various events and happenings at his church. People depicted in the photographs include Brown, Claes Oldenburg, and art critic Mario Amaya, among others.

Artwork includes works on paper incorporating stamps and text from around 2002 to 2008, as well as artwork documentation for ephemeral and performance artworks including Originale (1964), Out of Order Please Use Toilet Down the Hall Across the Lobby (1965), Free Striptease with Drum and Bugle Corps Accompaniment (1966), The Great Building Crack-Up (1967), Mr. Jesus Christ Contest (1972), Turd Forest (1972), and others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1992-2009 (Box 1, 5; 0.7 linear feet, ER01; 2.23 GB)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1970-2009 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: First National Church of Exquisite Panic, Inc. Records, 1968-2000s (Box 1, 4, 5; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1964-2008 (Box 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographic Material, 1965-2009 (Box 2-3; 1.1 linear feet, ER02; 0.785 GB)

Series 6: Video Recordings of Performance Art, 1994-2005 (Box 3; 0.4 linear feet, ER03-ER05; 4.96 GB)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1964-1974 (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 8: Artwork, circa 1965-2008 (Oversize 6-7)
Biographical Note:
Robert Delford Brown (1930-2009) was a painter, sculptor, and performance artist practicing in New York City, N.Y. Brown was a participant in many art happenings in New York during the 1960s and frequently performed in the persona of a religious leader and founder of his own religion and church, The First National Church of the Exquisite Panic, Inc. which functioned as a community arts space.

Brown was born in Portland, Colorado. His family later moved to Long Beach, California, and he recived bachelor's and master's degrees at University of California, Los Angeles. He began his career as a Surrealist and Abstract Expressionist painter, and in 1959 moved to New York City. In 1963 he married Rhett Cone. While visiting Paris he met the artist Allan Kaprow who encouraged him to participate in a 1964 performance of Karlheinz Stockhausen's "Originale." This performance served as the inspiration for founding The First National Church of Exquisite Panic, Inc. That same year Brown also gained media attention for his "Meat Show," an installation of raw meat which he created in a refrigerated room at the Washington Meat Market in New York City.

In 1967 Brown selected a former New York City branch library as a home for his church and hired Modernist architect Paul Rudolph to redesign the interior. He called the space "The Great Building Crack-Up" and lived there until 1997, hosting art exhibitions, happenings, and preaching his philosophy known as Pharblongence. During Brown's later career he organized many participatory art events, such as "Collaborative Action Gluings." He moved to Houston, Texas in 1997 and later moved to Wilmington, North Carolina, in preparation for a solo exhibition at the Cameron Art Museum in 2008. Robert Delford Brown died in 2009.
Provenance:
Donated in 2010 and 2018 by Lynda Roscoe Hartigan who purchased the collection at auction.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Performance artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
VHS (videotape format)
Diaries
Transcripts
Interviews
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Robert Delford Brown papers, 1964-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.browrober
See more items in:
Robert Delford Brown papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ce63e357-a59e-4718-b898-6b38a350315f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-browrober

Artwork

Collection Creator:
Brown, Robert Delford  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1965-2008
Scope and Contents:
Artwork includes works on paper incorporating stamps and text from around 2002 to 2008, as well as artwork documentation for ephemeral and performance artworks including Originale (1964), Out of Order Please Use Toilet Down the Hall Across the Lobby (1965), Free Striptease with Drum and Bugle Corps Accompaniment (1966), The Great Building Crack-Up (1967), Mr. Jesus Christ Contest (1972), Turd Forest (1972), and others.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Robert Delford Brown papers, 1964-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.browrober, Series 8
See more items in:
Robert Delford Brown papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9da87d6de-6246-4a8b-ac0a-ecfc8006ec9b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-browrober-ref584

Bendix Trophy Race, 1956 (3 of 3)

Collection Creator:
Bendix Corporation.  Search this
Bendix Aviation Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 36
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Bendix Air Races Collection, Acc. NASM.1988.0115, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Bendix Air Races Collection
Bendix Air Races Collection / Series 2: Bendix Trophy Races by Year
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg251bef7ca-930a-4b9c-97c1-838dd5bd4dd6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1988-0115-ref594
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Lili St. Cyr Papers

Creator:
St. Cyr, Lili,, 1917-1999  Search this
Former owner:
Tombers, Mathew  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (10 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Business records
Clippings
Color photographs
Correspondence
Financial records
Greeting cards
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals)
Manuscripts
Date:
1917-1999
Summary:
The collection measures about 3 cubic feet, dates from 1917 to 1999, and documents the life and career of the prominent burlesque stripteaser Lili St. Cyr. Found within the papers are personal financial documents; photographs of her family; her personal passport holder; publicity shots of Dardy Orlando and herself; correspondence with family and friends; business contracts; newspaper clippings and magazine articles, featuring and advertising her work; and biographical materials, including notes, drafts, contracts, photographs, a couple audio reels, a recorded interview with St. Cyr on 18 audio cassette tapes, and two biographies. The papers reflect Lili St. Cyr's personality as a performer and as a person.
Content Description:
The papers document the personal and professional life of the burlesque dancer Lili St. Cyr. They include collection includes photographs, publicity materials, correspondence, greeting cards, manuscript versions of a biography of St. Cyr co-authored by St. Cyr and Mathew Tombers, open reel audiotapes, audiocassettes of oral history interviews with St. Cyr, clippings, magazines, two biographies, financial records, legal records, business records, and her personal passport holder.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged in chronological order. Artifacts are housed in boxes 6 and 7. Audio cassette tapes are housed in box 9.

The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Publicity, 1941-1999

Series 2: Personal Papers, 1917-1980

Subseries 2.1: Financial RecordsPapers, 1954-1979

Subseries 2.2: Correspondence, 1956-1978

Subseries 2.3: Photographs of Family, 1917-1967

Subseries 2.4: Miscellaneous Materials, 1980

Series 3: Professional, 1963-1970

Series 4: Biographical Materials, 1968-2015
Biographical / Historical:
Lili St. Cyr was a prominent burlesque stripteaser of the 1940s and 1950s, deemed the most famous woman in Montreal during that period and billed as the "Anatomic Bomb" while performing at Ciro's Nightclub in Hollywood, in 1947. Accused of indecent, immoral, and offensive performances, St. Cyr was arrested several times throughout her career, most famously in 1951, during her act at Ciro's. The arrest made front pages of newspapers, and her case went to trial. She performed her act in the courtroom for the jury, and the charges were dropped, marking "a real victory for the profession."

St. Cyr was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1917. Her birth certificate read "Marie Klarquist." Lili was named after the woman she believed to be her mother (although actually her grandmother), Mariah Marie Curry Klarquist (aka "Maud"). Lili's biological parents were Maud's daughter Idella and a Dutchman who left shortly after Marie's birth, Edward Van Schaack. Upon realization of her true family tree, Marie Klarquist changed her last name to Van Schaack (occasionally respelt as "Van Schaak," "Van Chaack," or "Van Schaacht"), and she periodically added the first name "Willis," Lili St. Cyr also started referring to her biological grandmother as "Alice" and her biological mother as "Adelaide" or "Mom."

By the time Lili St. Cyr learned the truth about her family, her mother Idella had already remarried twice. In 1919, Idella married Louis Sherman Cornett, Jr., and together they had Betta Lee (or Bettie Lue, aka "Betty") and Louis "Jack" Cornett. In 1923, Idella married John Alfred "Ian" Blackadder, and they raised Idella Ruth Blackadder and Rosemary Blackadder. Both Blackadder daughters had successful careers in burlesque, going by the stage names Barbara Moffett (Idella) and Dardy Orlando (Rosemary). Barbara married the American toy maker and businessman Louis Marx in 1982, changing her name back to Idella, and they had five children--the eldest named Spencer. Dardy married the adopted son of the eldest Minsky's Burlesque brother Harold Minsky, and together they raised Danny and Ava.

St. Cyr never had children, but she did marry six times, and had numerous affairs throughout (particularly with a man named Jimmy Orlando in Montreal). She first married the racer Cordy Milne in 1937. Her second marriage was to Richard Hubert in 1941. She then married the actor Paul Valentine (aka "Val Valentinoff") in 1946, followed by her marriage to restauranteur Armando Orsini in 1950. She then married actor Ted Jordan in 1955 and special effects man Joseph Albert Zomar in 1959. Every marriage ended in divorce, the last having ended in 1964. It was around this time she met Donald Andrew Markick, a man seventeen years her junior who had served as a paratrooper toward the end of the Korean War. He dreamed of becoming a magician, so she took him under her wing, renaming him "Lorenzo Holmes." His family refused to call him by that name, and they disapproved of his relationship with Lili St. Cyr. Thus, he was kicked out of his house, and he moved in with Lili. He was with her for nearly thirty years. They never married, but she often introduced him as her husband, calling herself "Mrs. (Lili or Marie) Holmes."

By the 1970s, St. Cyr had retired, and she had opened her own lingerie line "The Undie World of Lili St. Cyr," selling garments similar to what she wore onstage. In her later years she was determined to keep herself hidden away with Lorenzo and her cats--Tiny, Bootsie, Tiger, Baby Bear, Little Two Shoes, Max, Big Boss, and Lee-Enze. In 1978, Lili, going by the name Marie Garrelick (the last name of her one-time neighbor, with whom she was staying), applied to rent an apartment from Mathew Tombers. After getting to know her, Tombers began helping Lili write her autobiography.

Lili St. Cyr died at the age of 80, on January 29, 1999, in Los Angeles, California.
Provenance:
Collection donated in 2017 by Mathew Tombers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Burlesque (Theater)  Search this
Striptease  Search this
Stripteasers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Black-and-white photographs
Business records
Clippings
Color photographs
Correspondence
Financial records
Greeting cards
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals)
Manuscripts
Citation:
Lili St. Cyr Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1451
See more items in:
Lili St. Cyr Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84a7c14eb-6180-4098-a5a5-849bd3a37218
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1451
Online Media:

Gilded Lili and the Striptease Mystique by Kelly DiNardo

Collection Creator:
St. Cyr, Lili,, 1917-1999  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Item 1
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Date:
2007
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Lili St. Cyr Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Lili St. Cyr Papers
Lili St. Cyr Papers / Series 4: Biographical Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89ea3f349-8935-44ff-adaf-387744b814df
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1451-ref124

Shirley Leonard Papers

Creator:
Jones, Shirley May, 1922-2004  Search this
Leonard, Shirley, 1922-2004  Search this
Donor:
Connick, Kathleen D.  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (16 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Photographs
Correspondence
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Date:
1931-1998
bulk 1938-1957
Summary:
Papers documenting the life and career of Shirley May Jones, stage name Shirley Leonard, an exotic dancer from Cincinnati, Ohio. The papers, photographs, and clippings document her childhood, early life, and professional career.
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting the life and career of exotic dancer Shirley May Jones, stage name Shirley Leonard, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Leonard performed primarily throughout the Midwest but also worked in Florida, California, and Louisiana. The collection includes family, performance, venue, and publicity photographs, photographs of other entertainers (some inscribed), correspondence, clippings, a childhood scrapbook, sheet music, recorded music, printed materials, home movies, and financial and business records such as contracts and wage slips.
Arrangement:
The papers are divided into five series.

Series 1: Personal Papers

Series 2: Business, Financial, and Legal Records

Series 3: Performance Materials

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Exotic dancer, active during the 1940s and 1950s.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) holds artifacts related to this collection including some of Jones' costumes and accessories.
Provenance:
Purchased by the National Museum of American History from Cowan's Historic Americana Auction in 2005. Addendum donated to the Archives Center in 2006 by Kathleen D. Connick, a relative of Shirley May Jones.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Researchers must use photocopies of scrapbooks due to the fragility of the originals, unless special access is approved.

Technical Access: Viewing film and listening to audio disc recordings is only possible by special arrangement, please inquire.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Burlesque shows -- 1920-1970  Search this
Burlesque (Theater) -- 1920-1970  Search this
Striptease -- 1920-1970  Search this
Stripteasers -- 1920-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Sheet music
Citation:
The Shirley Leonard Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0919
See more items in:
Shirley Leonard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep802417644-dd41-44c9-84c3-64abbff4668b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0919
Online Media:

Ricki Covette Burlesque Collection

Creator:
Covette, Ricki  Search this
Donor:
Jewell, Irene  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Cubic feet (1 box, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Decals
Photographs
Clippings
Certificates
Theater programs
Scrapbooks
Letters (correspondence)
Advertisements
Brochures
Date:
1950 - 1980
Scope and Contents:
Six scrapbooks documenting the Burlesque career of Irene Jewell (stage name:Ricki Covette), who was billed as "The World's Tallest Exotic Dancer" at 6'8". The albums contain clippings; letters; certiicates; photographs, includng photographs of her act; ephemera, such as postcards, travel brochures, postcards and decals, from her travels; advertisements; and theater programs.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1926 in Alberta, Canada, Covette (Irene Jewell) had a twenty year career in show business, including theater, small parts in television and film, but especially burlesque. She was billed as "The World's Tallest Exotic Dancer" at 6'8". After leaving show business, she started a succesful second career as a real estate broker in the Los Angeles area. Covette died in February 2016.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2014 by Irene Jewell.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Burlesque (Theater) -- 1920-1970  Search this
Striptease -- 1920-1970  Search this
Stripteasers -- 1920-1970  Search this
Burlesque shows -- 1920-1970  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Decals
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Certificates -- 20th century
Theater programs -- 1950-2000
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Advertisements -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Citation:
Ricki Covette Burlesque Collection, ca. 1950-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1335
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8447243f0-1217-4a84-81b0-d5612eaf8621
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1335
Online Media:

Striptease at New Gotham [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Marsh, Reginald 1898-1954  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1935
Topic:
Architecture interior--Civic--Theater  Search this
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0045654
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_45655

Gender, health, and popular culture : historical perspectives / edited by Cheryl Krasnick Warsh

Author:
Warsh, Cheryl Lynn Krasnick 1957-  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 308 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2011
©2011
Topic:
Human body--Social aspects--History  Search this
Body image--Social aspects--History  Search this
Women--Health and hygiene--Sociological aspects  Search this
Health--Social aspects--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1101894

The boys of fairy town : sodomites, female impersonators, third-sexers, pansies, queers, and sex morons in Chicago's first century / Jim Elledge

Title:
Sodomites, female impersonators, third-sexers, pansies, queers, and sex morons in Chicago's first century
Author:
Elledge, Jim 1950-  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 290 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Illinois
Chicago
Date:
2018
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Gays--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094594

Grand Striptease, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Manzu, Giacomo 1908-1991  Search this
Founder:
Manzu NTMM  Search this
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: concrete
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Ellen Noel Art Museum of the Permian Basin Curatorial Division 4909 East University Odessa Texas 79762
Date:
1966-1968
Topic:
Figure female--Full length  Search this
Control number:
IAS TX000733
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_333635

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