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Mary Butler papers

Creator:
Butler, Mary  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Eakins, Susan Macdowell  Search this
Grafly, Dorothy, 1896-  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Norris, S. Walter  Search this
Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Stoddard, Alice Kent Pearson, 1885-1976  Search this
Thouron, Henry  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1853-1946
bulk 1884-1946
Summary:
The papers of landscape painter Mary Butler date from 1853-1946, bulk 1884-1946, and measure 1.6 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, and records relating to Butler's long participation in the Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Also found are notes and writings, a scrapbook, printed material, and photographs of Butler, her friends, her studio in Ogunquit, Maine, her landscape paintings, and exhibition installations.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of landscape painter Mary Butler date from 1853-1946, bulk 1884-1946, and measure 1.6 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, and records relating to Butler's long participation in the Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Also found are notes and writings, a scrapbook, printed material, and photographs of Butler, her friends, her studio in Ogunquit, Maine, her landscape paintings, and exhibition installations.

Biographical material includes genealogical notes on Butler's early family history, biographical accounts, teaching certificates, and letters of recommendation from Butler's instructors including William Merritt Chase, Robert Henri, and William Sartain.

Found within the papers are correspondence with family members, including letters to her cousin Edgar Butler letters from her friend Mrs. Thomas Eakins; and miscellaneous scattered letters from various colleagues including George Biddle, Dorothy Grafly, Thornton Oakley, and Alice Kent Stoddard concerning various topics. Correspondence regarding exhibitions is with arts organizations and colleagues including Henry Thouron and S. Walter Norris.

There are files documenting Butler's long participation in the Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, including a letter from Joseph Pennell, notes, writings, and printed material. Additional printed material includes a scrapbook of clippings, and exhibition announcements and catalogs. Photographs are of Butler, her friends, her studio in Ogunquit, Maine, views of the Maine coast and of Cathedral Crag in Washington State, Butler's landscape paintings, and miscellaneous exhibition installations.
Arrangement:
The papers are arranged into seven series. Each series is arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1884-1945 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1853-1944 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 3: File for the Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1917-1946 (Box 1; 14 folders)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1905-1938 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbook, 1908-1942 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1894-1944 (Box 2; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1870-1945 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Mary Butler was born on October 27, 1865 in Uwachlan, Pennsylvania, the daughter of James and Rachel M. (James) Butler.

Butler began her education at the Darlington Seminary. She studied painting at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women (now the Moore College of Art) under William Sartain and Robert Henri, graduating in 1894. Between 1896 and 1902, she studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts under William Merritt Chase and Celia Beaux. From 1897 to 1898, she studied at the Académie Colarossi in Paris with Gustave Courtois, René François Xavier Prinet, and Jean-Antoine Injalbert.

She attended a summer school conducted by William Merritt Chase at Shinnacock Hills, and later studied under Robert Henri and Edward W. Redfield. With Redfield, she spent a season at Centre Bridge, Pennsylvania. Butler was primarily a landscape painter and traveled widely in the United States and Europe to find unusual and inspiring views. She also spent summers in Ogunquit and on Monhegan Island, Maine.

In 1909, Butler joined the Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and served as President of that organization from 1921 to 1937. During her tenure, she inaugurated traveling exhibitions, a picture purchasing fund and, in 1915, the Thouron Fund for aid of needy artists.

Throughout her career Butler exhibited extensively and promoted the arts in Philadelphia.

Mary Butler died on March 16, 1946.
Provenance:
The Mary Butler papers were donated in 2005 by Rachel F. Armstrong, the artist's niece.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Mary Butler papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Mary Butler papers, 1853-1946, bulk 1884-1946. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.butlmary
See more items in:
Mary Butler papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-butlmary

Alice Kent Stoddard photograph album

Creator:
Stoddard, Alice Kent Pearson, 1885-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1906]-1971
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of 89 portraits and 2 landscapes by Stoddard, and of Stoddard at work on one of her last portraits. Also included is a group shot of unidentified young women, possibly students at Moore College of Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Kent Stoddard (1885-1976) was a portrait painter from Philadelphia, Pa. Married to painter Joseph T. Pearson, Stoddard is known for her portraits of Philadelphians and their children.
Provenance:
Album donated to Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts by Stoddard. Microfilmed by AAA, 1985.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stodalic
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stodalic

Alice Kent Stoddard photograph album, [ca. 1906]-1971

Creator:
Stoddard, Alice Kent Pearson, 1885-1976  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9974
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212664
AAA_collcode_stodalic
Theme:
Women
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212664

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