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Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Summary:
Jazz club photographs by noted Jazz photographer Herman Leonard.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑2010) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e44f9017-2701-439c-ac51-9916f1092b09
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Stitt, Sonny; New York City, 1953

Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection / Series 2: 16" x 20" Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88219b1ff-6375-42c2-873b-dce820660ccc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref96

Sonny Stitt

Artist:
Herman Leonard, 1923 - 2010  Search this
Sitter:
Sonny Stitt, 2 Feb 1924 - 22 Jul 1982  Search this
Medium:
Selenium-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 30.5 × 40cm (12 × 15 3/4")
Sheet: 40.5 × 50.5cm (15 15/16 × 19 7/8")
Frame: 56.5 × 71.8 × 3.8 cm (22 1/4 × 28 1/4 × 1 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1953 (printed 1998)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone  Search this
Nature & Environment\Smoke  Search this
Sonny Stitt: Male  Search this
Sonny Stitt: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2014.111.26
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Herman Leonard Photography LLC
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45f501892-de07-453b-ad61-2a9b0c1ea0e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.111.26

Count Every Star; Nice Work If You Get It

Recording artist:
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Manufacturer:
Prestige  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New York, New York
Recording date:
1950
Subject:
Music  Search this
Related Publication:
Jazz Records 1942-1962, Vol. 7: S - Te
Credit Line:
Gift of Lucy C. Shain in memory of James Lewis Shain
ID Number:
1978.0670.362
Maker number:
718
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.362
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-5b9d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_671984
Online Media:

Sonny Stitt, 1980

Photograph by:
David D. Spitzer, American  Search this
Subject of:
Sonny Stitt, American, 1924 - 1982  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 13 5/8 x 9 3/16 in. (34.6 x 23.4 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 13 7/8 x 11 in. (35.3 x 27.9 cm)
H x W (Matted): 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1980
Topic:
African American  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of David D. Spitzer
Object number:
2012.164.94
Restrictions & Rights:
© David D. Spitzer
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50407e0fe-fb2f-4ee4-b7bb-29513142f43c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.164.94

Flier advertising performances at the Apollo Theater

Commissioned by:
Apollo Theater, American, founded 1934  Search this
Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Nina Simone, American, 1933 - 2003  Search this
Sam Cooke, American, 1931 - 1964  Search this
Aretha Franklin, American, 1942 - 2018  Search this
Horace Silver, American, 1928 - 2014  Search this
Sonny Stitt, American, 1924 - 1982  Search this
James Moody, American, 1925 - 2010  Search this
Brook Benton, American, 1931 - 1988  Search this
Bunny Briggs, American, 1922 - 2014  Search this
Eddie Jefferson, American, 1918 - 1979  Search this
The Flamingos, American, founded 1953  Search this
Little Anthony and the Imperials, American, founded 1958  Search this
Owned by:
Ginger Smock, American, 1920 - 1995  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 × 4 1/4 in. (28 × 10.8 cm)
Type:
fliers (printed matter)
Date:
1961
Topic:
African American  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Soul (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Lydia Samuel Bennett
Object number:
2016.161.8
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd585a5518e-fdc4-4110-9c97-7afdd50197a2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.161.8
Online Media:

Stitt, Sonny

Collection Interviewee:
Sun Ra  Search this
Gaskin, Leonard, 1920-  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Sullivan, Maxine, 1911-1987  Search this
Wells, Ronnie  Search this
Whiting, Margaret  Search this
Towers, Jack  Search this
Venuti, Joe, 1903-1978  Search this
Pullen, Don, 1941-  Search this
Roney, Wallace  Search this
Pizzarelli, Bucky, 1926-  Search this
Pizzarelli, John, 1960-  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Shepp, Archie, 1937-  Search this
Sanders, Pharaoh  Search this
Grant, Felix, 1918-1993  Search this
Scott, Jimmy  Search this
McPhail, Jimmy  Search this
McPartland, Marian  Search this
McFerrin, Bobby  Search this
Krall, Diana  Search this
O'Connell, Helen  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Metheny, Pat  Search this
McShann, Jay  Search this
Horn, Shirley, 1934-  Search this
Hinton, Milt, 1910-2000  Search this
Hill, Andrew, 1937-  Search this
Hendricks, Jon, 1921-  Search this
Keane, Helen  Search this
Kaminsky, Max, 1908-  Search this
Jordan, Sheila, 1928-  Search this
Humes, Helen, 1913-1981  Search this
Hampton, Lionel  Search this
Harris, Eddie, 1934-  Search this
Heath, Jimmy, 1926-  Search this
Frishberg, Dave  Search this
Ennis, Ethel  Search this
Farmer, Art, 1928-  Search this
Flanagan, Tommy, 1930-  Search this
Hampton, Slide  Search this
D'Rivera, Paquito, 1948-  Search this
Daniels, Billy  Search this
Davison, Bill  Search this
Donegan, Dorothy, 1922-  Search this
Crouch, Stanley, 1945-2020  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Cruz, Celia, 1920-  Search this
Byard, Jaki  Search this
Brown, Ruth  Search this
Carter, Betty, 1930-  Search this
Byron, Don  Search this
Betts, Keter, 1928-  Search this
Bellson, Louis  Search this
Bowie, Lester, 1941-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Allen, Steve, 1921-2000  Search this
Adderly, Nat, 1931-  Search this
Bailey, Benny, 1925-  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stokes, W. Royal, Dr., 1930-  Search this
Container:
Box 32, Item OTC766.243
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Date:
1977-04-26
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
W. Royal Stokes Collection of Jazz Musicians' Photographs, ca. 1970-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Photoprints and Interviews
W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Photoprints and Interviews / Series 8: Audiovisual Materials / 8.1: Audiocassettes of Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8720d1e1b-8354-4bd6-8204-31c38a8de0cd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0766-ref1452

Stitt, Sonny see WDR with Dizzy Gillespie and Sonny Stitt

Collection Creator:
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Herman, Woody, 1913-1987  Search this
Container:
Box 47, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the reproduction rights to the music of the Bill Holman Collection. All requests for performance or publication of Mr. Holman's compositions and/or arrangements should be directed to Bill Holman at 323-466-8809.
Collection Citation:
Bill Holman Collection, 1951-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Bill Holman Collection
Bill Holman Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ebc17afe-0628-4168-8ce2-d75eb8c3e193
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0733-ref413

Super Stitt!

Recording artist:
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Physical Description:
vinyl (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 in; x 30.48 cm
Object Name:
Sound Recording
ID Number:
1996.0153.05027
Accession number:
1996.0153
Label number:
15
Catalog number:
1996.0153.05027
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-d5d1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1229600

After You've Gone; Our Very Own

Recording artist:
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Manufacturer:
Prestige  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
Sound Recording
Place made:
United States: California, Berkeley
Date made:
1950
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert B. Campbell in memory of Dorothy and William Campbell
ID Number:
1996.3034.11104
Catalog number:
1996.3034.11104
Label number:
727
Nonaccession number:
1996.3034
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-bdb9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1016697

Down With It; Mean To Me

Recording artist:
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Manufacturer:
Prestige  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
Sound Recording
Place made:
United States: California, Berkeley
Date made:
1951
1950
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert B. Campbell in memory of Dorothy and William Campbell
ID Number:
1996.3034.11105
Catalog number:
1996.3034.11105
Label number:
752
Nonaccession number:
1996.3034
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-772c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1016698

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