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W. Langdon Kihn papers

Creator:
Kihn, W. Langdon  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965  Search this
Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969  Search this
Dale, Chester, b. 1883  Search this
Dale, Maud, 1875-1953  Search this
Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946  Search this
Downs, Olin  Search this
Fisher, Franklin L.  Search this
Kihn, Alfred  Search this
Kihn, Helen Butler  Search this
Laubin, Gladys  Search this
Laubin, Reginald  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Marie  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Pierre, 1883-1947  Search this
Oakley, Thorton, 1881-1953  Search this
Skinner, Constance Lindsay, 1882-1939  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Wellcome, Henry S., Sir (Henry Solomon), 1853-1936  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962  Search this
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Date:
1904-1990
bulk 1904-1957
Summary:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical materials, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical material, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.

Biographical materials include address books, membership cards, exhibition and price lists, legal and travel documents, as well as biographical notes. Additional biographical sketches are found in the Writings and Notes series.

Correspondence is the largest series in the collection, almost half of the papers. In addition to letters to W. Langdon Kihn, this series include both originals and drafts of his outgoing letters; letters to his wife Helen from friends; third party business correspondence between his father, Alfred Kihn, and various parties undertaken on his son's behalf; and third party correspondence addressed to his friend and colleague, the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau. In addition to Barbeau, significant correspondents include Constance Lindsay Skinner, Chester and Maud Dale, Sir Henry Wellcome, Pierre and Marie "May" Lecompte du Noüy, and Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Although there is little correspondence with other artists, those represented with cards and letters in this collection include Boris Artzybasheff, Maynard Dixon, Olin Dows, Thornton Oakley, and Kihn's summer art school partner, Gus Wiggins. Correspondence with Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic Magazine's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution dominate the period spanning from 1935 - 1952, the years of Kihn's close association with the National Geographic Society.

Writings and notes includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures, memoirs, and other writings by Kihn and others. There is one travel diary dated circa 1924-1925, and numerous writings about Kihn's travels and documentation of native American Indians.

Printed materials include exhibition catalogs, travel brochures, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Also found here are copies of Kihn's illustrations for books by other authors, including Beaver, Kings and Cabins, by Constance Lindsay Skinner, as well as proofs from the National Geographic series on American Indians arranged by geographic location. Financial records consist of invoices and receipts related to Kihn's artwork, traveling, and exhibitions.

Three sketchbooks and loose sketches include illustrated field notes and other drawings that document Kihn's travels and of native Americans. Photographs are of Kihn, and of Kihn at work. There are also photographs of Kihn's artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1916-1957 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1904-1959 (Boxes 1-5; 4.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1990 (Box 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1920-1957 (Boxes 6-8, OV 10; 2.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1920-1955 (Box 8; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1922-1955 (Boxes 8-9, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920-1955 (Box 9; 5 folders)
Biographical Note:
Born in Brooklyn, New York, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn (1898-1959) is best known for his portraits of American Indians and illustrations of their history, culture and rapidly disappearing way of life. In 1919, Kihn joined his art teacher Winold Reiss on a trip to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana where he completed his first series of portraits. This marked the beginning of his lifelong career of documenting the tribal nations of the United States and Canada. Through commissions from Canadian and American Railroad companies, Kihn spent much of the 1920s traversing both the United States and Northwest Canada where he had the opportunity to record the members and lives of various tribes. During this period, his paintings also traveled the country in a one man exhibition of his American Indian portraits, which was arranged by the Brooklyn Museum, and traveled to about 40 institutions in the United States. However his largest and best known commission was a project to research and paint North American Indians for serial publication in National Geographic. Kihn received the commission in 1935 and his association with the organization spanned two decades, culminating in the 1955 exhibition of his work at the National Geographic Museum, Washington, D.C, and the publication Indians of the Americas, with copius illustrations derived from Kihn's paintings and drawings.

In addition to his travels and work in North America, Kihn enjoyed a brief stint between 1929-1932 painting in France and Spain. Upon his return he focused upon obtaining commercial work and enjoyed success as an illustrator, whose work was featured in Beaver, Kings and Cabins (1933) and Flat Tail (1935), among other books. Kihn also wrote articles about his travels; amateur painters, whom he specialized in teaching; and American Indian legends and tribal cultures. Between 1948-1951 he was a partner in the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School in Essex, Connecticut. He married Helen Butler in 1920 and in between their travels the couple eventually settled in East Haddam, Connecticut. W. Langdon Kihn died in 1957.
Provenance:
Helen Kihn, W. Langdon Kihn's widow, donated the bulk of the collection in 1959. In 1994 Phyllis Kihn, the artist's daughter, donated pages 1-8 of Kihn's original manuscript of his memoirs and a transcript of the complete memoirs.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Book illustrators -- Connecticut  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Citation:
W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kihnwlan
See more items in:
W. Langdon Kihn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kihnwlan

Pond Bureau photograph collection relating to Oceania

Collector:
Pond Bureau  Search this
Names:
Baumann, Cyril von  Search this
Salisbury, Edward A.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Photographer:
Johnson, Irving  Search this
Extent:
14 Prints (silver gelatin)
37 Copy prints
Culture:
Kumas (New Guinean people)  Search this
Mbowamb (New Guinean people)  Search this
Micronesians  Search this
Gururumba (New Guinean people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
New Guinea
Micronesia
Oceania
Date:
circa 1920-1950
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs mostly made on Matthew Williams Stirlingʹs New Guinea expedition, Edward A. Salisburyʹs expedition to Micronesia, as well as trips made by Irving Johnson, Ray Jewell, and Cyril von Baumann. They include images of expedition members, scenic views, and indigenous peoples of New Guinea, Micronesia, and other Oceanic islands.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Pond Bureau was a lecture bureau in New York City which probably collected these photographs from its lecturers. Irving Johnson was a Massachusetts-based professional sailor, author, lecturer, and adventurer who mostly traveled around the South Pacific, Southeast Asia, and the Cape of Good Hope. Matthew Williams Stirling was a Smithsonian ethnologist and archeologist who spent the early part of his career conducting research in New Guinea and Ecuador. Edward A. Salisbury was a wealthy filmmaker who sailed around the South Pacific for documentary footage in the 1920s. And Cyril von Baumann was an explorer, naturalist, and archeologist.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-12
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, circa 1985.
Copy negatives probably made by Pacific Prints, a dealer in Waliuku, Hawaii, circa 1981.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Stirling can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24 and the Matthew Williams Stirling papers.
Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea holds the Irving and Electa Johnson Collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints and negatives in this collection have been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 82-11, Pond Bureau photograph collection relating to Oceania, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-12
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-12

Portraits of staff of Department of Anthropology and Bureau of American Ethnology

Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Depicted:
Blaker, Margaret Contant  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Huscher, Harold A., 1908-1992  Search this
Laughlin, Robert M.  Search this
Miller, Carl F. (Carl Frederick), 1906-1994  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Extent:
3 Prints (silver gelatin)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1965
Scope and Contents note:
Group portraits of members of the Department of Anthropology and the Bureau of American Ethnology at the time of their merger in 1965. The photographs were made on the steps of the Smithsonian's Natural History Museum building.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Bureau of American Ethnology was disbanded on July 29, 1964 and its members were merged into the Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum, to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. This later became the Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 136
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Bureau of American Ethnology records and the Department of Anthropology records.
Additional photographs of Department of Anthropology staff can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 39, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 76-127, Photo Lot 77-52, Photo Lot 77-80, Photo Lot 79-51, Photo Lot 80-17, Photo Lot 83-15, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 136, Portraits of staff of Department of Anthropology and Bureau of American Ethnology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.136
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-136

MS 7298 Memorandum to Frank Maryl Setzler

Creator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Addressee:
Setzler, Frank M. (Frank Maryl), 1902-1975  Search this
Author:
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
September 2, 1942
Scope and Contents:
Tansmits an excerpt from a letter from Sister Marie Inez Hilger concerning her Arapaho informants.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7298
Local Note:
Typescript signed
Citation:
Manuscript 7298, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7298
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7298

MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, Alan P. (Alan Parkhurst), 1923-1980  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold, 1883-1948  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris, 1900-1950  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

MS 2011-29 Oral history interview of Waldo R. Wedel

Interviewee:
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Interviewer:
Banks, Larry D.  Search this
Givens, Douglas R.  Search this
Names:
River Basin Surveys  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bushnell, David I., Jr. (David Ives), 1875-1941  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Lehmer, Donald Jayne, 1918-1975  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound cassettes (analog)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1996 June 17
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Waldo R. Wedel conducted by Larry D. Banks and Douglas Givens on June 17, 1996 in Boulder, Colorado. The interview was conducted at Wedel's nursing home, a couple of months before he died.This interview is part of a series of oral histories of archaeologists recorded by Givens. Topics include Wedel's youth, career, fieldwork, colleagues, the Smithsonian Institution, and the River Basin Surveys.
Biographical / Historical:
Waldo R. Wedel was an archaeologist, best known for his contributions to Plains archaeology. He worked at the Smithsonian Institution from 1936 to 1977. He began his career at the Smithsonian as an assistant curator under Neil M. Judd in the Division of Archeology in the United States National Museum. He later became curator of archeology in 1950, and in 1962, he became head curator of the Department of Anthropology. In 1964-1965, he was acting head of the newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. Wedel also established and directed the Missouri Basin Project (1946-50) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2011-29
General:
Date on box insert incorrectly listed as July 18, 1996.
Other Archival Materials:
See also Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers
Provenance:
Received from Dennis Stanford.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Manuscript 2011-29, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS2011-29
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2011-29

Copies of Richard H. Stewart photographs of the Smithsonian-National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

Creator:
Stewart, Richard H.  Search this
Names:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
24 Copy prints
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Panama -- Antiquities
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting archeological work at the Barriles site, sculptures and ceramics from the site, and a nearby location described as "Pablo Brackney's place, Palosanto."
Biographical/Historical note:
Richard Hewett Stewart (1901-2004) began working for the National Geographic Society as a photo lab technician in 1924. Ten years later, he joined Matthew Stirling's archeological team to photograph and, to a lesser extent, film the team's eight expeditions to Veracruz and Tabasco (1939-1946). As a result, Stewart's photographs illustrated all of National Geographic articles about the Olmec excavations carried out by the Smithsonian. Stewart again joined Stirling for the 1948-1949 archaeological expedition to Panama, sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R98-30
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artifacts collected by the expedition held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 364365.
Footage of the expedition, made by Stewart, held in the Human Studies Film Archives in HSFA 87.8.1.
Additional photographs and footage by Stewart held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24 and in Human Studies Film Archives HSFA 91.16.4.
Provenance:
Donated by the National Geographic Society through Susan Crawford to the Department of Anthropology in 1985 with accession 364365. Transferred to the National Anthropological Archives, 1998.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Copyright held by the National Geographic Society. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R98-30, Copies of Richard H. Stewart photographs of the Smithsonian-National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R98-30
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r98-30

Photographs and correspondence relating to Mayan and Mixtec codices

Correspondent:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Thompson, J. Eric S. (John Eric Sidney), 1898-1975  Search this
Extent:
1 Negative (glass)
7 Negatives (nitrate and acetate)
7 Prints (silver gelatin)
1 Item (1 paper (questionable Mayan codex on book lining))
3 Letters
Culture:
Mayas  Search this
Mixtec  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Letters
Photographs
Date:
circa 1956
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs and papers relating to alleged Mayan codices. The correspondence between Matthew Williams Stirling and Eric Thompson discusses the authenticity of a possible codex, also in the collection, which was found on a book in Oaxaca by a missionary. Additional photographs in the collection document another possible codex, which was discovered on the top of a pyramid in St. Martin Huamelulpan, possibly by C. A. Smith; and a probable Mixtec manuscript in possession of Dr. E. Beyer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 126
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional materials relating to Mayan and Mixtec codices held in National Anthropological Archives MS 3223, MS 3260, MS 48, and MS 1998-31.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Matthew Williams Stirling papers.
Restrictions:
Negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 126, Photographs and correspondence relating to Mayan and Mixtec codices, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.126
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-126
Online Media:

MS 7053 Julian H. Steward field notes and other material

Creator:
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Brand, Donald D. (Donald Dilworth), 1905-1984  Search this
Ray, Verne F. (Verne Frederick), 1905-2003  Search this
Extent:
1,000 Items (ca. pages ca. 1000 pages)
Culture:
Dakelh (Carrier)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
ca. 1940
Scope and Contents:
Includes:1) Census of Stuart Lake and other communities by family with data on traps; 2) Census by bands or reserves; 3) Notebook listing plant specimens and use (14 pages); 4) Miscellaneous notes 5) (Culture) element list, with notes; 6) Typed list of culture features apparently prepared for comparative purposes, not used; 7) List of specimens collected, July 6-12, 1940; 8) Letters received from M. W. Stirling, Diamond Jenness, Donald D. Brand, and others; 9) List, "Culture Element Distributions; the Plateau" by Verne F. Ray (not completed);
10) "Carrier Acculturation: the Direct Historical Approach;" 11) Notes on Irving Goldmanʹs "The Alkatcho Carrier of British Columbia;" 12) Genealogical charts; 13) Miscellany; 14) Maps -- a. British Columbia, Department of Lands, Pre-Emptorʹs map: Stuart Lake Sheet, 1923, ca. 40 x 25 in. b. British Columbia, Department of Lands, Pre-Emptorʹs Map: Fort George Sheet, 1923, ca. 40 x 25 in.; c. Portion of map of British Columbia (southern part only), 72 x 27 in. -- annotated with numbered locations, no key provided d. Canadian Topological Survey sheets annotated to show land holdings, ca. 45 x 40 in.; e. British Columbia
Department of Lands, Cariboo and Adjacent Districts, annotated to show land holdings, ca. 44 x 32 in.; f. Canada, Department of Mines and Resources, Map of the Dominion of Canada Excluse of Northern regions indicating Main Natural Resources, 1936, 36 x 26 in.; g. A.L. Kroeber, Cultural and Natural Areas of Native America, 1939, 28 x 22 in.; h. British Columbia, Topographical Sketch Map of Omineca and Finlay River Basins, 1917, 28 x 40 in.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7053
Topic:
Census -- Carrier  Search this
Traps -- Carrier  Search this
Ethnobotany -- Carrier  Search this
Acculturation -- Carrier  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 7053, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7053
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7053

MS 4840 Documents relating to National Geographic Society- Smithsonian archeological expedition

Creator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Stirling, Marion W.  Search this
Names:
National Geographic- Smithsonian archeological expedition to Costa Rica, 1964  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Date:
February 23-May, 15, 1964
Scope and Contents:
Includes report (56 pages); list of plates (56 pages); electrostatic copy of field journal (42 pages); field notebook (38 pages) sketch maps, "Archeological areas worked by the expedition" and "Rough sketch map of Williamsburg area" (2 pages); and 164 photos with 2 pages of notes. Concerns Williamsburg, Palmar (Diquis Delta), La Peninsula, and Bagares areas.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4840
Topic:
Diaries -- Stirling, Matthew Williams  Search this
Costa Rica  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4840, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4840
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4840

MS 4815 Dakota medallion belonging to J. Owen Dorsey

Collector:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Correspondent:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Culture:
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
dated 1872
Scope and Contents:
Includes Autograph letter signed from Matthew W. Stirling to John P. Harrington. No date, 1 slip. Typescript letter signed from Harrington to Stirling. No date, 1 slip. Correspondence includes the meaning of the Dakota inscription "Okodakiciye Wakan Oceti Xakowin," Church of the Seven Council Fires [the Dakota]. The medallion was formerly in the possession of J. Owen Dorsey. See also photo of medallion, filed Dak. negative number 48,408.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4815

OPPS NEG 48408
Citation:
Manuscript 4815, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4815
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4815

MS 4816 An Anthropologist looks Backward--and Forward

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Annotator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
July 4, 1944
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4816
Local Note:
Date and brief marginal notations in pencil are in handwriting of M. W. Stirling.
autograph document typescript
Citation:
Manuscript 4816, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4816
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4816

Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers

Creator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Stirling, Marion  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
37.94 Linear feet (84 boxes, 3 map folders)
Culture:
Olmec (archaeological culture)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Photographs
Correspondence
Place:
Papua New Guinea
Mexico
Ecuador
Costa Rica
Panama
Date:
1876-2004, undated
bulk 1921-1975
Summary:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, 1876-2004 (bulk 1921-1975), document the professional and personal lives of Matthew Stirling, Smithsonian archaeologist and Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), and his wife and constant collaborator, Marion Stirling Pugh. The bulk of the material is professional in nature and includes material from Matthew's early career in the 1920s, the careers of Matthew and Marion together from when they married in 1933 to Matthew's death in 1975, and Marion's life and work from 1975 until her death in 2001.

The majority of the documentation relates to the investigation of the Olmec culture in Mexico by the Stirlings, including the discoveries of eight colossal Olmec heads. In addition, the collection documents their work in Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica, looking for connections between Mesoamerica and South America. Materials include field notes, journals, correspondence, photographs, writings, clippings, ephemera, articles, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, 1876-2004 (bulk 1921-1975), document the professional and personal lives of Matthew Stirling, Smithsonian archaeologist, and Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), and his wife and constant collaborator, Marion Stirling Pugh. The bulk of the material is professional in nature and includes material from Matthew's early career in the 1920s, the careers of Matthew and Marion together from when they married in 1933 to Matthew's death in 1975, and Marion's life and work from 1975 until her death in 2001. The majority of the documentation relates to the investigation of the Olmec culture in Mexico by the Stirlings, including the discoveries of eight colossal Olmec heads. In addition, the collection documents their work in Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica, looking for connections between Mesoamerica and South America. Materials include field notes, journals, correspondence, photographs, writings, clippings, ephemera, articles, and scrapbooks.

Series 1. Field work, 1921-1998 (bulk 1921-1975) and undated, documents the archaeological expeditions undertaken by Matthew and Marion Stirling over a span of 40 years. This includes expeditions Matthew undertook prior to his marriage and collaboration with Marion to Papua New Guinea, Ecuador, and Florida, and extensive documentation of expeditions they embarked on together to Mexico, Panama, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.

Series 2. Other travels, 1946-1972 is comprised of materials documenting trips the Stirlings took that, for the most part, did not include field work. This includes trips for both business and personal travel, however it was common for the two to overlap.

Series 3. Administrative files, 1924-1980 and undated is partly comprised of materials the Stirlings compiled and organized into an alphabetical filing structure and also of materials that are administrative in nature and did not directly relate to other categories outlined in this finding aid.

Series 4 Writings and lectures, 1925-1990 and undated, consists of articles, papers, drafts, and notes primarily written by Matthew Stirling, with some materials co-written by Marion, and documentation relating to presentations the Stirlings gave regarding their field work and other professional matters. Also included is material relating to films that were made about the Stirling's work.

Series 5. Personal and family materials, 1880-1996 and undated, consists of documents, photographs, and ephemera that are personal in nature. This includes items relating to Matthew Stirling's young life and family history, photographs, correspondence, and clippings relating to his extended family, and photographs of and correspondence from Matt and Marion's children.

Series 6. Anthropological journals, 1876-1959, consists of collections of anthropological journals collected and categorized for reference and research purposes.

Series 7. Marion Stirling Pugh, 1924-2004 (bulk 1948-2002) and undated, consists of materials relating to endeavors Marion undertook without Matthew, primarily relating to her participation in the Society of Women Geographers from 1948-2000 and her life after Matthew died in 1975 until her death in 2001.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 7 series: 1) Field work, 1921-1998 (bulk 1921-1975), undated; 2) Other travels, 1946-1972; 3) Administrative files, 1924-1980, undated; 4) Writings and lectures, 1925-1990, undated; 5) Personal and family materials, 1880-1996, undated; 6) Anthropological journals, 1876-1959; 7) Marion Stirling Pugh, 1924-2004 (bulk 1948-2002), undated.
Biographical note:
MATTHEW WILLIAMS STIRLING:

Matthew Williams Stirling, archaeologist and Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1928-1957), was born on August 28, 1896 in Salinas, California. After serving as an Ensign in the Navy from 1917-1919, he graduated with a B.A. in Anthropology in 1920 from the University of California, Berkeley studying under T.T. Waterman, Alfred L. Kroeber, and E.W. Gifford. From 1920-1921 he worked as a teaching fellow at the university, where he taught William Duncan Strong. Stirling's first tenure at the Smithsonian (then the U.S. National Museum (USNM)) was from 1921-1924, first as a museum aide, then as an Assistant Curator of Ethnology. While in the position he took night classes at George Washington University and received his M.A. in 1922. He received an honorary Sc.D. from Tampa University in 1943. In 1924, Stirling resigned his position at the museum and embarked on a journey to South American with his friend Perry Patton. From 1925-1927 he embarked on the Smithsonian sponsored American-Dutch Expedition to Papua New Guinea to explore the previously unknown interior region of Dutch New Guinea. Stirling was appointed Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution in 1928 and married Marion Illig in 1933. They worked together for the next 40 years studying Olmec culture and the connection to greater Mesoamerica and South America. They had two children (Matthew W. Stirling Jr. in 1938 and Ariana Stirling in 1942). Stirling retired as Director of the B.A.E. on December 31, 1957. He died January 23, 1975 in Washington, D.C.

Sources consulted:

Collins, Henry B. "Matthew Williams Stirling, 1896-1975." American Anthropologist, New Series, 78, no. 4 (1976): 886-88.

Coe, Michael D. "Matthew Williams Stirling, 1896-1975." American Antiquity 41, no. 1 (1976): 67-73.

MARION STIRLING PUGH:

Marion Stirling Pugh (nee Illig) was born in Middletown, New York on May 12, 1911. She graduated from Rider College in 1930 and came to Washington D.C. in 1931 where she took a job as a secretary to the Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Matthew Stirling. She attended night school at George Washington University from 1931-1933 where she studied anthropology, geology, and Russian. Marion and Matthew were married on December 11, 1933 and promptly embarked on a honeymoon expedition to Florida where Matthew was in charge of Works Progress Administration (WPA) projects. They worked together for the next 40 years studying Olmec culture and the connection to greater Mesoamerica and South America. They had two children (Matthew W. Stirling Jr. in 1938 and Ariana Stirling in 1942).

Marion was an active member of the Society of Women Geographers and was elected to the executive board in 1954. She served as president of the society from 1960-1963 and 1969-1972. She had a long-time association with the Textile Museum in Washington D.C. and in the 1970s established what would become the Latin American Research Fund to secure Latin American ethnographic textiles for the museum.

After Matthew's death in 1975, Marion married General John Ramsey Pugh in 1977. Pugh died in 1994. Marion continued to travel the world, including making a trip to Antarctica in her 80s, until her death on April 24, 2001 in Tucson, Arizona.

Sources consulted:

"Marion Stirling Pugh, 89." The Washington Post. May 11, 2001. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/2001/05/11/marion-stirling-pugh-89/01329ba8-f32b-4d66-83fb-9f3c311aaefb/?utm_term=.ab20f25e060b (accessed May 16, 2019).

Conroy, Sarah Booth. "Archaeologist Marion Pugh, Digging Up Memories." The Washington Post. July 8, 1996. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/1996/07/08/archaeologist-marion-pugh-digging-up-memories/09f465e7-5900-455e-bcd5-b81828a502d5/?utm_term=.703ff0e84313 (accessed May 16, 2019).

Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh Chronology

1896 August 28 -- Matthew Williams Stirling born in Salinas, California to Ariana and John Williams Stirling

1911 May 12 -- Marion Illig born in Middletown, New York

1914-1920 -- Matthew Stirling attended the University of California, Berkeley, receiving his B.A. in Anthropology in 1920. He studied under A.L. Kroeber, T.T. Waterman, and E.W. Gifford.

1917-1919 -- Matthew Stirling served as an ensign in the U.S. Navy during World War I

1920 -- Matthew Stirling's travels to Europe with his parents

1920-1921 -- Matthew Stirling worked as teaching fellow at the University of California, Berkeley and taught William Duncan Strong

1921-1924 -- Matthew Stirling worked at the United States National Museum (USNM), first as a Museum Aide and then as an Assistant Curator of Ethnology

1922 -- Matthew Stirling received Master of Arts degree from George Washington University, studying under Truman Michelson Matthew Stirling went on a trip to the cave country of France and Spain with friend Perry J. Patton

1923 Winter -- Matthew Stirling sent by J. Walter Fewkes to excavate at Weedon (or Weeden) Island, Florida

1924 Spring -- Matthew Stirling resigned from his Smithsonian USNM post

1924 Summer -- Matthew Stirling conducted excavations in Mobridge, South Dakota

1924 July -- Matthew Stirling went on a trip to South America with friend, Perry J. Patton

1924 Winter -- Matthew Stirling continued excavations in Weedon Island, FL

1924-1925 -- Matthew Stirling sold real estate on Weedon Island, Florida to fund the expedition to Papua New Guinea in the winters of 1924 and 1925

1925-1927 -- Matthew Stirling organized and led the American-Dutch Expedition (or Smithsonian Institution-Dutch Colonial Government expedition) to Papua New Guinea

1928 -- Matthew Stirling named Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) at the Smithsonian Institution

1929 March-April -- Matthew Stirling surveyed mounds in Tampa Bay and Calusa areas of Florida

1930s -- Matthew Stirling conducted various archaeological excavations in Georgia and Florida under the Works Progress Administration (WPA)

1930 -- Marion Illig received a Bachelor of Science degree from Rider College From February through April, Mathew Stirling conducted more work on Tampa Bay mounds in Florida In July, Matthew Stirling went to Marfa, Texas to examine pictographs in caves and also went to Deeth, Nevada

1931 September-1932 March -- Matthew Stirling a member of the Latin American Expedition to South and Central America. He studied the Tule/Kuna Indians in Panama and the Jivaro in Ecuador

1931-1933 -- Marion Illig moved to Washington D.C. to attend George Washington University and worked at the BAE as a secretary for Matthew Stirling

1933 December 11 -- Matthew and Marion Stirling married

1933 December-1934 May 5 -- Matthew Stirling supervised Federal Civil Works Administration (or Federal Emergency Relief Administration) projects in Florida, also called Florida Federal Relief (Bradenton, Perico Island, Canaveral Island, and Belle Glade) and BAE excavations in Macon, Georgia

1934 October -- Conducted archaeological work in King, Queen, and Halifax counties in Virginia and Granville City, North Carolina

1935 -- Matthew Stirling acted as the president of the Anthropological Society of Washington Expedition to Guatemala, Honduras, and Yucatan Peninsula to study the Maya and the Quché (or Quiche) Indians from January to February 15, 1935

1935-1936 -- Matthew Stirling acted as the vice president of the American Anthropological Association

1936 -- Matthew Stirling and WPA workers conducted archaeological surveys in southern Florida in July 1936 Matthew and Marion Stirling visited an excavation in Macon, Georgia in Fall 1936 Matthew Stirling supervised archaeological projects in Hillsborough and Dade Counties in Florida

1938 January-March -- Matthew and Marion Stirling take first field trip to Mexico, visiting Tres Zapotes

1938 December 24-1939 April 15 -- First Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with C.W. Weiant. Excavated Tres Zapotes and discovered lower portion of Stela C

1939 -- Matthew Stirling received his first Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society

1939 December 26-1940 April 20 -- Second Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated Cerro de las Mesas and La Venta

1940 December 29-1941 April 30 -- Third Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated Cerro de las Mesas and Izapa

1941 -- Matthew and Marion Stirling received the Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society (shared with Richard Hewitt Stewart)

1942 April -- Matthew Stirling visited Dr. Philip Drucker at La Venta

1942 April-June -- Fourth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Visited Tuxtla Gutierrez, Zoque, Tzotzil and Chamula Indians, and Palenque

1943 -- Fifth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Waldo R. Wedel. Excavated La Venta Matthew Stirling awarded honorary Doctor of Science from Tampa University

1944 January 28-May -- Sixth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Visited Michoacán, Jalisco, Uruapan, Tlaquepaque, and Tarascan Indians from Lake Pátzcuaro and conducted archaeological surveys in Southern Veracruz, Tabasco, and Campeche

1945 January 22-May 31 -- Seventh Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico. Excavated La Venta, San Lorenzo, Piedra Parada, and Tapachula

1946 January 26-April -- Eighth Smithsonian Institution/National Geographic Society Expedition to Mexico with Dr. Philip Drucker. Excavated San Lorenzo

1947 -- Matthew Stirling becomes Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology (title changed from "Chief")

1947 December-1948 -- First Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expeditions to Panama including Cocle, Balboa, Chitre, Parita (Sixto Pinilla Place), Monagrillo, and El Hatillo

1949 -- Second Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1951 -- Third Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1953 -- Fourth Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Panama

1954 -- Marion Stirling elected to the executive board of the Society of Women Geographers

1955 -- "Pan Am" (or Inter-American Highway) Road Trip

1956-1957 -- Smithsonian Institution/ National Geographic Society Expedition to Ecuador. Excavated in the ManabÍ Province

1957 December 31 -- Matthew Stirling retired as Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology

1958 -- Matthew Stirling received his third Franklyn L. Burr Award from the National Geographic Society

1960-1963 -- Marion Stirling acted as president for the Society of Women Geographers for the first time

1960-1975 -- Matthew Stirling's membership in the National Geographic Society Committee on Research and Exploration

1961 -- Trip to Mexico Marion Stirling's trip to Peru Matthew Stirling collaborated with Dr. L.S.B. Leakey through the NGS Committee on Research and Exploration

1963 -- Trip to Nicaragua

1964 -- Expedition to Costa Rica Trip to Asia

1967 -- International Tuna Match, Bahamas

1968 -- Trip to New Guinea Attended the Cultural Olympics in Mexico City

1969 -- Trip to Turkey, Bali, Etc.

1969-1972 -- Marion Stirling acted as president for the Society of Women Geographers for the second time

1972 -- Trip to Peru, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands Farmer finds upper portion of Stela C, confirming Matthew Stirling's original date as 31 B.C.

1972-1973 -- Trip to Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

1974 -- Marion Stirling established the Mexican Research Fund (now the Latin American Research fund) for the Textile Museum

1975 January 23 -- Matthew Williams Stirling died in Washington D.C.

1977 -- Marion Stirling married Major General John Ramsey Pugh

1985 -- Marion Stirling Pugh received the Distinguished Service Medal from the Peruvian Embassy

1994 -- Death of Major General John Ramsey Pugh Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to Spain, Portugal, and Morocco

1995 -- Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to Antarctica and the Falkland Islands

1996 -- Marion Stirling Pugh's trip to China, and separately to Belize and Honduras

2001 April 24 -- Marion Stirling Pugh died in Tucson, Arizona
Separated Materials:
Film materials were transferred to the Human Studies Film Archive (HSFA).
Provenance:
The bulk of these papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in 2016 by Matthew and Marion Stirling's grandchildren, Jessica Gronberg and Jeremy Withers.
Restrictions:
The Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers are open for research.

The scrapbooks listed in Series 1.7 are restricted due to preservation concerns. Please contact the reference archivist for more information.

Access to the Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Occupation:
Women archaeologists  Search this
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2016-24
See more items in:
Matthew Williams Stirling and Marion Stirling Pugh papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2016-24

MS 7124 Inventory of artifacts collected by the Beatty Latin American Expedition, 1931-32

Creator:
Beatty, Donald Croom, 1900-1980  Search this
Carmichael, Mary Alice Beatty  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
75 Pages
1 Map
Culture:
Shuar/Achuar  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Maps
Date:
ca. 1978
Scope and Contents:
The artifacts were collected in the Oriente de Ecuador. The inventory includes a brief preface by Beatty and two lists compiled by Carmichael under Beatty's supervision and depending reportedly in part on Beatty's memory. One list is arranged by type of artifact and the descriptions are very brief. The second list is arranged by photograph number and includes sketches and dimensions of the items. It also includes for some objects a Jivaro term and brief notes on use, manufacture, and damage. In addition, there are references to Matthew W. Stirling's Historical and Ethnological Material on the Jivaro Indians, BAE Bulletin 117, 1938. Stirling was a member of the expedition, which is referred to as the Latin American Expedition in the BAE correspondence files. See NAA Acc. 80-16 for photographs of a reception for Beatty in the Director's office NMNH.
Added 1/5/80, catalog of exhibit of Beatty collection, Birmingham Festival of Arts, 1975, received from Processing Lab.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7124
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 7124, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7124
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7124

MS 7196 Material relating to the archaeology of the Parita Zone of Panama

Creator:
Ladd, John, 1923-1971  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Names:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
20 Inches
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Photographs
Place:
Panama -- Antiquities
Date:
ca. 1959-1964
Scope and Contents:
Includes notecards on "finds," packing lists, and photographs apparently used by Ladd in the preparation of his Archeological Investigations in the Parita and Santa Maria Zones of Panama, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 193, 1964. There are also notes on specimens by Gordon Randolph Willey.
Biographical / Historical:
The sites of the materials referred to in the collection were explored in expeditions led by Matthew Williams Stirling and Gordon Randolph Willey.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7196
Genre/Form:
Notes
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 7196, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7196
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7196

MS 7191 Index to letters concerning archaeological sites

Creator:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
3 Inches
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Archeology
Western Hemisphere -- Archeology
Date:
1920s-1940s
Scope and Contents:
The index is to letters in the Bureau of American Ethnology correspondence files and in the files of the Smithsonian's central administration that report sites mostly in the United States and a few in other American countries.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7191
Citation:
Manuscript 7191, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7191
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7191

MS 179 A History of the Apache Indians of Arizona Territory

Creator:
White, John B., M. D., d. 1878  Search this
Author:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
69 Pages
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1873-75
Scope and Contents:
Includes description of Cochise, page 11.
Biographical / Historical:
This account was used freely in the preparation of various articles in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30 on the Apache, and seems to have been considered one of the principal sources at that time. It has not been published, however, in any other manner. According to his own statements, White was scrupulously careful in securing and checking his information. The account is probably quite trustworthy. It was prepared for the purpose of accompanying his vocabulary. [Manuscript 178].
J. B. White is mentioned in the article in the New Mexico Historical Review, "Es-kim-in-zin," by John P. Clum, who succeeded White as agent at San Carlos. This article gives a good account of the disturbances that occurred during White's sojourn as acting agent. See also the Report of J. B. White, August 9, 1874 on the San Carlos Agency in Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1874, page 294. I have not found any biographical material on White, who was an army surgeon prior to his Indian office appointment. ---Notes by M. W. Stirling, Director, Bureau of American Ethnology October 19, 1953.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 179
Local Note:
See also National Anthropological Archives MS 178
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 179, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS179
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms179

MS 4340-b Letter to Matthew W. Stirling

Creator:
Miller, Walter S.  Search this
Addressee:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
2 Photographs
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Photographs
Date:
March 11, 1949
Scope and Contents:
Encloses photographs of the outside of the Cueva de las Letras, Mitla, Oaxaca, where pictographs have been found.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4340-b
Local Note:
Other correspondence from Walter S. Miller in Bureau of American Ethnology correspondence files includes letter of May 31, 1948 in which he refers to photographs he transmitted showing the pictographs. These photographs are not with the correspondence.
Topic:
Archeology -- Mexico  Search this
Mexico -- Mitla  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4340-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4340B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4340b

MS 4350-a Letters and maps of the Oregon Country

Collector:
Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961  Search this
Source:
Clark, William, 1770-1838  Search this
Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809  Search this
Correspondent:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Former owner:
Clark, William, 1770-1838  Search this
Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder
Culture:
American Indian -- Northwest Coast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Newsclippings
Date:
March 4, 7, and April 5, 1950
Scope and Contents:
Letter of March 4 enclosed copy of first map of the Oregon country, made by Indians and copied by Clark (Lewis and Clark) with geographical notes; also a smaller facsimile, and an accurate modern map; newspaper clipping from Wallawalla Union Bulletin, Sunday, January, 1950. Letter of March 7 enclosed Indian map of 1814, and copy with principal geographical features only; a Lewis and Clarke map showing "tracks across the western portion of North America from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean, by order of the Executive of the United States in 1804,-5, and-6. Copied Samuel Lewis from the original drawing by W. Clark." Letter of April 5, 1950, enclosed : Indian map and manuscript by Clark, annotated by J. Neilson Barry. ("Kamian Map"); Map of 1814, enlarged; facsimile authentic etching- map of 1814 (various hand copies differ); Indian map manuscript by Clark, annotated by J. Neilson Barry; Indian map with manuscript by Clark, annotated by J. Neilson Barry; only features depicted on the Indian map- modern data for indentification- no Indian map of this region; Clark and Indian map 1806 annotated by J. Neilson Barry- manuscript by Clark. April 11, 1950- Copy of letter of acknowledgement to Mr Barry from Dr Stirling.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4350-a
Topic:
Expeditions -- Lewis and Clarke  Search this
Oregon  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Newsclippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4350-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4350A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4350a

MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies

Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372
Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4372
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4372

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