Most of Stevenson's scientific notes are included as separate items in the series of numbered manuscript and the papers of John Peabody Harrington. This particular set of materials is made up of papers that passed into the hands of the executor of her estate. It consists of a miscellany of letters, notes, legal documents, cartographic materials, genealogical materials, photographs, newspaper clippsing, other printed material, and other types of documents. Although tehc ollection largely concerns Stevenson, it also includes some material of her husband, James Stevenson, and members of her family, especially her father, Alexander H. Evans, a Washington, D.C. attorney.
Many of the documents concern Stevenson's field work among the Pueblo Indians and other official duties with the Smithsonian. some material relates to her activities with the World's Columbian Exposition and the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. A few items concern her membership in scientific organizations. Still other documents are of a personal nature, and some are mementoes, especially of James Stevenson. A significant group of documents concern Matilda CoxeStevenson's friendly and, later, very difficult relationship with Clara True.
The photographs include some items of ethnographic interest but it consists largely of portraits of James andMatilda Stevensonand Mrs. Stevenson's relatives. Also included are images in albums apparently gathered by Stevenson as a collector of photographs. They include images of Kit Carson, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and William Tecumseh Shermn. In the albums are also a nubmer of photographic portraits with unidentified subjects, many of whom appear to be actors and actresses.
Photographs relating to Native Americans or frontier themes, including portraits, expedition photographs, landscapes, and other images of dwellings, transportation, totem poles, ceremonies, infants and children in cradleboards, camps and towns, hunting and fishing, wild west shows, food preparation, funeral customs, the US Army and army posts, cliff dwellings, and grave mounds and excavations. The collection also includes images of prisoners at Fort Marion in 1875, Sioux Indians involved in the Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, the Fort Laramie Peace Commission of 1868, Sitting Bull and his followers after the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890.
There are studio portraits of well-known Native Americans, including American Horse, Big Bow, Four Bears, Iron Bull, Ouray, Red Cloud, Red Dog, Red Shirt, Sitting Bull, Spotted Tail, Three Bears, and Two Guns White Calf. Depicted delegations include a Sauk and Fox meeting in Washington, DC, with Lewis V. Bogy and Charles E. Mix in 1867; Kiowas and Cheyennes at the White House in 1863; and Dakotas and Crows who visited President Warren G. Harding in 1921. Images of schools show Worcester Academy in Vinita, Oklahoma; Chilocco Indian School; Carlisle Indian Industrial School; Haskell Instittue, and Albuquerque Indian School.
Some photographs relate to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1876; World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893; Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1903; and Centennial Exposition of the Baltimore and Ohio Railraod, 1876. Expedition photographs show the Crook expedition of 1876, the Sanderson expedition to the Custer Battlefield in 1877, the Wheeler Survey of the 1870s, Powell's surveys of the Rocky Mountain region during the 1860s and 1870s, and the Hayden Surveys.
Outstanding single views include the party of Zuni group led to the sea by Frank Hamilton Cushing; Episcopal Church Rectory and School Building, Yankton Agency; Matilda Coxe Stevenson and a companion taking a photographs of a Zuni ceremony; John Moran sketching at Acoma; Ben H. Gurnsey's studio with Indian patrons; Quapaw Mission; baptism of a group of Paiutes at Coeur d'Alene Mission; court-martial commission involved in the trial of Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds, 1877; President Harding at Sitka, Alaska; Walter Hough at Hopi in 1902; and Mrs. Jesse Walter Fewkes at Hopi in 1897.
George V. Allen was an attorney in Lawrence, Kansas and an early member of the National Stereoscope Association. Between the 1950s and 1980s, Allen made an extensive collection of photographs of the American West, mostly in stereographs, but also including cartes-de-visite and other styles of mounted prints, photogravures, lantern slides, autochromes, and glass negatives.
Photographs depicting pueblos, dances, cliff dwellings, pottery, weaving, rock art, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, and other scenes in and around the pueblos in New Mexico and Arizona. Locations depicted include Moqui Pueblo, Acoma Pueblo, Zuni Pueblo, Fort Apache, and the Wood Yard in Arizona's Petrified Forest. The collection also includes one image of inscriptions on Pawnee Rock in Kansas, 1878. Most photographs in the collection were made by George Ben Wittick, with some by G. Steinberg of Juarez, Mexico.
G. Ben Wittick (1845-1903) was official photographer for the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and operated studios in Santa Fe, Albuquerque, Gallup, and Fort Wingate. The first to photograph the Hopi Snake Dance, his photographs mostly documented Southwest scenery and Navajo, Hopi and Zuni Pueblos.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-19
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Wittick photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4638, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Herbert William Krieger's papers, and the BAE historical negatives.
Photographs made by Larz Anderson in the Southwest, possibly on a trip to visit Matilda Coxe Stevenson, probably at Zuni Pueblo in 1904. The collection documents scenery, pueblos, Native American people, ranches, and cliff dwellings in the American Southwest, mostly New Mexico. There are also images of Larz Anderson, his wife Isabel Anderson, and friends.
Larz Anderson III (1866-1937) was a wealthy American businessman and friend of BAE ethnologist Matilda Coxe Stevenson. He briefly served as US Minister to Belgium (1911-1912) and US Ambassador to Japan (1912-1913), and traveled extensively throughout the United States and abroad with his wife, Isabel Weld Perkins.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2R
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Anderson can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Matilda Coxe Stevenson Papers (MS 4689).
Two Zuni stone fetishes, given by Matilda Coxe Stevenson to Anderson's wife, can be found in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 240140.
The Archives of American Gardens holds records and photographs relating to Anderson's estate in Brookline, Massachusetts.
Contents: Apache-Mohave (Yavapai) vocabulary from Akuake or William Aguacca Roberts, obtained August 28, 1883, at Hampton, Virginia, pages 3-18; Yavapai vocabulary copied from [William H.] Corbusier, pages 19-38; brief note on the Pamunkey Indians at Indiantown, King and Queen County, Virginia page 17; short autobiographical sketch [of Akuake ?] in Yavapai with interlinear English, pages 39-40; copy of a Havasupai vocabulary collected by Mrs Tillie [Matilda] Stevenson, October 1885, at Oraibi Arizona, page 43; and note on the death date of Colonel James Stevenson. 1888, page 49.
The Yavapai vocabulary from Corbusier carries references to "page 140, etc. that are not explained. The words on pages 19-38 cannot have been copied from Yavapai Manuscript Number 2249-a by Corbusier, since the cited page numbers do not exist in that schedule, and are in a different orthography (cf. "wasp" as "sembo" on page 19 in this Manuscript and as "them-po" on page 61 in Manuscript Number 2249-a). If this vocabulary was copied from another by Corbusier, the original has not been located as of 2/1970.
The Havasupai vocabulary from Matilda Stevenson was published by Gatschet in Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie, volume 24, 1892, pages 5-10, with the Havasupai vocabulary of Stevenson in Manuscript 1114; in the published version the two Havasupai vocabularies are combined. No original by Stevenson has been located as of 2/1970.
Also includes Zuni (and Taos 1-13 at end) notebook marked, "Field Notes of Mrs M. C. Stevenson; New Mexico Plants." Apparently a catalog list of specimens collected. Numbers 1-167, plants named; numbers 168-500 vacant; locality not stated [Zuni ?]. Also at end, "Taos collection", Numbers 1-13. Plant specimens are Taos.
These are of a painted tablet, katchinas, petroglyphs, and cloud and rain symbols on pottery; list of photographs taken by M. C. Stevenson; and photographs of pottery in United States National Museum, probably used for reference in study of cloud and rain symbols. Two pages of notes entitled "Cloud and Rain Symbols" contain list of [United States National Museum] Catalog Numbers and a reference to the "Gates Expedition of 1901, by Walter Hough;" the Catalog Numbers refer to pottery in the United States National Museum collections. The list of photographs does not refer to the photographs of pottery in this file. It mentions 2 photographs of "Ka'ka'ma south base of To'wa yal lanne [Corn Mountain], several of plants and flowers, and 2 of the informant Nai'uchi. The photographs referred to have not been located as of 11/1969.
NAA MS 2038
Drawings and photographs compared with illustrations in Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 2, AR 5, and AR 23; no relationship found.
Two of the other 3 drawings represent the same design (probably a dry painting), but there is no identification of the artist or the ceremony in which the painting is used. All three of these unidentified drawings resemble the drawing by Nick in style and in details of the design.
Watercolor on paper
Manuscript 2037, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
8 Prints (halftone (including one newspaper clipping))
124 Prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
50 Copy prints (circa)
3 copper printing plates
1 Color print
1 Print (wood engraving)
3 Copy negatives (glass)
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is an artificial collection of photographs, copper plates, and a few notes, all of which depict or relate to anthropologists, many of which were associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Included are portraits of Franz Boas, Q. M. Bond, Arno B. Cammerer, Frank Hamilton Cushing, Edwin Hamilton Davis, J. Woodbridge Davis, Frances Densmore, James Owen Dorsey, Philip Drucker, Jesse Walter Fewkes (including photographs of his home by Frances Densmore), Albert Samuel Gatschet, James A. Geary, De Lancey W. Gill, George Brown Goode, Horatio Hale, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Eugene Irving Knez, Alfred Louis Kroeber, Pere Albert Lacomb, Augustus Le Plongeon, James Mooney, Lewis Henry Morgan, Carl Oschsicanes, James Constantine Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Frau Signe Rink, Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., Charles C. Royce, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Julian Haynes Steward, Steward Struever, James Gilchrist Swan, John Reed Swanton, Edwin P. Upham, Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Gordon Randolph Willey. Groups depicted include the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1936; the De Soto Commission; officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1885; a 1920 expedition group to Hawikuk; staff of the Great Lakes Division, United States Geological Survey, in Salt Lake City, 1882; a group at Moundville, Alabama, 1932; the University of Nebraska archeological field party, 1920; the Pecos conference, 1927; John Wesley Powell with Wild Hank, Kentucky Mountain Bill, and Jesus Aloiso; and the United States Geological Survey staff, ca. 1894.
Among photographers represented are Vernon Orlando Bailey, Blackston Studios of New York, Dana of New York, Frances Densmore, Gene Garrett, C. W. Gilbert, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, Kets Kemethy, Paul Koby, David McDonough, H. C. Phillips, Rice of Washington, D. C., and J. A. Shuck of El Reno, Oklahoma.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 33
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs with negatives by Matilda Coxe Stevenson have been relocated to Photo Lot 23.
This collection includes photographs that have been removed from other collections in the National Anthropological Archives, including MS 4970, MS 4851, MS 4780, MS 4250, MS 4751, MS 4516, MS 4860, MS 4695, MS 4970, and MS 4558.
See others in:
Portraits of anthropologists, 1860s-1960s
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Copy prints of original photographs held by the American Philosophical Society, National Geographic Society, and National Archives cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Photo lot 33, Portraits of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Contents: (a) Santa Clara. Notes, no date, 1904, 1906. 51 pages, 6 scattered pages vocabulary of numerals and clan names. (b) Sia. Notes, no date, 1904. Approximately 53 pages, including 19 scattered pages numerals and other vocabulary. (c) San Juan. Vocabulary notes. No date, 3 pages. (d) Zuni. Names of men and positions in fraternities and priesthoods. December 1906. 4 pages. (e) Miscellaneous. Brief notes on San Ildefonso, Santa Clara, and San Juan pueblos, 15 pages (and typed transcript, 3 pages); penitentes ceremony, 16 pages; historical extracts, 14 pages.
Signed by twenty Hopi Indians (pictographic signatures), including the tribal chief, second chief, high priests, etc. written to Mrs Stevenson, requesting that she take it to the "Great Father." They ask his aid in building houses and that a school be opened in their country.
NAA MS 3967
The National Archives has several copies of this petition. One was printed in the Annual Report of Com'r. of Indian Affairs. Copy 1886-1662 dated January 10, 1886 and another copy 1886-11462, received April 28, 1886. Information John Richards, visit 11/1969.
Contents: (1) Letter from Francis Densmore to W. H. Holmes describing a Hidatsa "bannerstone," June 6, 1916. (2) Letters received from and copies of letters sent to Gerard Fowke, mainly relative to cave explorations, 1890-91, 1893, 1903-1904. Also reports of "Shell Mounds on Tennessee River & Tributaries," 5 pages, and hematite Indian mine, Leslie Missouri, 6 pages. (3) Letters received by Gerard Fowke from Mark E. Zimmerman and Harry L. Keefe, 1914-1916, 1925. Also correspondence between Holmes and Fowke relative to Zimmerman's archeology. (4) Two copies of a letter from W. H. Holmes to Cosmos Mindeleff, 1890. (5) Three letters received by W. H. Holmes from Victor Mindeleff, 1882-1883. (6) Clippings and letters concerning Matilda C. Stevenson's biography and death including, a transcript of the notes made by Mrs Walker during her interview with Mrs Stevenson, just before the latter's death. (7) Copy of a letter from Clark Wissler to W. H. Holmes, September 20, 1919.
Includes: 1 notebook, approximately 88 pages handwritten, marked "Copied on machine April 9, 1906." "Taos vocabulary, 1906. Stevenson," approximately 60 pages, typed. "Birds of Taos," vocabulary, 11 pages handwritten, and 2 cards, typed. Some of the typed Taos vocabularies also have Isleta forms added in pencil.