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Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs

Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet ((29 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Milwaukee (Wis.)
California
Date:
1887-1930
bulk 1900-1930
Summary:
Collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs produced by several companies: Keystone View Company, Better America Lecture Service, Incorporated, American Press Association, J. Stanley-Brown, William H. Rau, and J. F. Maertz Department Store. The lantern slides were primarily intended to be used for educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text and in some instances by small cards--one card for each slide--and in other instances directly on the back of a stereoview. The majority of images were taken from 1900 to 1930.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs primarily designed for use in audio-visual educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text. In some instances on small cards--one card for each slide-- and in other instances printed directly on the back of a stereoview. A few of the lantern slides, particularly the ones of the J. F. Maertz Department Store of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, are advertisements for consumer products. The majority were taken from 1890 through 1930. While the collection as a whole is in good general condition, some lantern slides, stereographs, and text cards are missing, and some of the lantern slides are cracked.

The collection will appeal to researchers examining the course of nineteenth-century social history broadly, especially how lantern slides were marketed to educators to teach geography, social studies, science, history and reading. The lantern slides as artifacts will be of interest to those who study material culture.

Series 1, Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated, is divided into seven subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated; Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300; Subseries 3, Biblical, undated; Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated; Subseries 5, Roads, undated; and Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series depicts scenes from around the United States and the rest of the world. Each image is intended to be characteristic of its location and in most cases is accompanied by a text card that describes the scene and gives the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the location. Many of the glass lantern slides have corresponding stereoviews and in these instances two box numbers are given.

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. Views #1-261 are arranged in a rough geographic order beginning in Maine and proceeding down the Atlantic Coast, through the former Confederate states, into the Midwest and Plains states, the mountain West states and the West coast, and ending in the territories of Alaska and Hawaii and the Panama Canal. Views #262-346 begin in eastern Canada, proceed across Canada and move through Mexico and Central America into the Caribbean, thence the length of South America and the Antarctic. Views #347-554 begin in the British Isles and move through Northern and Southern Europe and into Central Europe and then Russia, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East. Views #556-592 begin in North Africa and cover the length of the continent and a few areas in the Pacific. The series concludes with views of several planets, President McKinley reviewing Civil War heroes (1899), and the work of a Mexican artist (1900).

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. H-1 to H-258 depict scenes and sites of American history beginning with several images of indigenous peoples and proceeding, roughly chronologically, through major events and locations to about 1925. Images H-259 to H-300 document a range of localities and activities across the country in the mid-1920s, including major buildings in Washington, D.C., industrial activities, and modern agricultural practices.

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated, shows religious art works and rural scenes.

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated, contains two images. One is pastoral with a Franscican friar, the other a fountain.

Subseries 5, Roads, undated, includes three images of roads, one with a person on horseback, the other two depicting wagons.

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated, contains lithoprint stereographs, each with a short description, depicting scenes such as landmarks in the United States; news events in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; warfare; domestic scenes and scenes of foreign countries.

Series 2, Hillis Better America Lecture Service lantern slides, undated, is divided into 12 subseries: Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 5, Fathers Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated; and Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated.

This series consists of lantern slides produced by Newell Dwight Hillis' Better America Lecture Service Incorporated. Newell Dwight Hillis (1858-1929), was a noted clergyman, lecturer and author. The Better American Lecture Service sought to make better Americans and to inspire greater loyalty to American institutions. Better America Lecture Service rented the lecture manuscript and slides to churches, societies, schools, and patriotic organizations. Slides were sent in a tin box and contained suggestions for publicity arrangements. (Nevada Educational Bulletin, December 1920).

Hillis published more than twenty volumes including collections of his sermons, inspirational works, and a novel. In addition, many of Hillis addresses were published and distributed as pamphlets. The slides were intended to be used for lectures on subjects such as socialism and equality. The slides generally consist of text, drawings, images of persons, paintings, and landscapes. A few slides in each set are missing, and there is no text accompanying any of the slides. The series is arranged into twelve subseries alphabetically by topic.

Series 3, American Press Association lantern slides, undated, is divided into ten subseries: Subseries 1, General Images, undated; Subseries 2, Coffins and soliders, undated; Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated; Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated; Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated; Subseries 6, Parade, undated; Subseries 7, Refugees, undated; Subseries 8, Warships, undated; Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated; and Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated.

The series consists of lantern slides from the American Press Association depicting news events from early twentieth century history (e.g., Mexican War; Ludlow Colorado strike; suffragettes; Gettysburg veterans; various ship disasters). Each slide has a caption with a brief description of the scene. Many slides are cracked; one is completely broken and is in a folded paper. There are also approximately fifty slides with scenes of events associated with the Mexican-American War, most with short captions identifying the scenes. Many of these slides are cracked.

Series 4, J. F. Maertz Department Stores advertisement lantern slides, early 1920s, is divided into thirteen subseries: Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated; Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated; Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated; Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated; Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated; Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated; Subseries 7, House wares, undated; Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated; Subseries 9, Shoes, undated; Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated; Subseries 11, Underwear, undated; Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated; and Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides showing advertisements used in J.F. Maertz Department Store catalogs for consumer goods. Slides are categorized by type of goods, including children's shoes and clothes, bathroom needs, dress patterns, men's wear, shoes, house furnishings, house wares, Ladies' Home Journal, and underwear.

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E. H. Harriman lantern slides, undated, is divided into nineteen subseries: Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated; Subseries 2, Animal life, undated; Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated; Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated; Subseries 5, California Indians, undated; Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated; Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated; Subseries 8, Eskimos,undated; Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated; Subseries 10, Indians, undated; Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated; Subseries 12, Maps, undated; Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated; Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated; Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated; Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated; Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated; Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated; and Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated.

The series contains lantern slides, each labeled with the names of distributors, "J. Stanley-Brown, 1318 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, D.C. and E.H. Harriman, 1 East, 55th Street, New York." The slides, some with captions, depict maps; landscapes; seascapes; Eskimos; animal life; Franciscan dwellings; Indians of California; California missions and Franciscan life. There are slides depicting various scenes of California missions and scenes of indigenous Alaskans. Some slides are cracked.

Series 6, Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1894-1907, is divided into seventeen subseries: Subseries 1, American Series, 1887; Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907; Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894; Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907; Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher,undated; Subseries 6, Domestic scenes,undated; Subseries 7, Military, undated; Subseries 8, Miscellaneous, undated; Subseries 9, Places--Asia, undated; Subseries 10, Places--Cuba, undated; Subseries 11, Places--Egypt, undated; Subseries 12, Places--France, undated; Subseries 13, PLaces--Germany, undated; Subseries 14, Places--Italy, undated; Subseries 15, Places--Monte Carlo, undated; Subseries 16, Places-- Palestine, undated; and Subseries 17, Places--United States, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides and stereoviews from distributors that include the American Series; Griffith and Griffith; Pesko Binocular Company; William H. Rau Publisher; and the Universal Photo Art Company.

The stereographs related to domestic and military issues and geography are dated circa 1905, and copyrighted by H. C. White, and distrbuted by World Series.

The stereo views produced by William H. Rau, a publisher in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, show parades and other ceremonies at Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) encampments and Elks conventions held in Philadelphia. The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated

Subseries 5, Roads, undated

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 2, Hillis Better America Lecture Service Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 5, Ftahers Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated

Series 3, American Press Association Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, General Images, undated

Subseries 2, Coffins and Soliders, undated

Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated

Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated

Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated

Subseries 6, Parade, undated

Subseries 7, Refugees, undated

Subseries 8, Warships, undated

Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated

Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated

Series 4, J. F. Maertz Department Store Advertisement Lantern Slides, early 1920s

Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated

Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated

Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated

Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated

Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated

Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated

Subseries 7, House wares, undated

Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated

Subseries 9, Shoes, undated

Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated

Subseries 11, Underwear, undated

Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated

Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E.H. Harriman lantern slides, undated

Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated

Subseries 2, Animal life, undated

Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated

Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated

Subseries 5, California Indians, undated

Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated

Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated

Subseries 8, Eskimos, undated

Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated

Subseries 10, Indians, undated

Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated

Subseries 12, Maps, undated

Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated

Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated

Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated

Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated

Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated

Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated

Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated

Series 6, Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1887-1907

Subseries 1, American Series, 1887

Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907

Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894

Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907

Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher, undated

Subseries 6, Domestic scenes, undated

Subseries 7, Military, undated

Subseries 8, Places-Asia, undated

Subseries 9, Places-Cuba, undated

Subseries 10, Places-Egypt, undated

Subseries 11, Places-France, undated

Subseries 12, Places-Germany, undated

Subseries 13, Places-Italy, undated

Subseries 14, Places-Monte Carlo, undated

Subseries 6.15, Palestine, undated

Subseries 6.16, Places-United States, undated

Subseries 6.17: Miscellaneous, undated
Historical:
Lantern slides are hand-drawn, painted, or photographic images on glass, intended for viewing by projection; often made in sets. Photographic lantern slides were introduced in the United States by 1850 and popular through World War I; commonly 3.25 x 4 in. (9 x 10 cm.) with a black paper mask, a cover glass, and taped edges. Thesaurus of Graphic Materials

Stereographs consist of two nearly identical photographs or photomechanical prints, paired to produce the illusion of a single three-dimensional image, usually when viewed through a stereoscope. Typically, the images are on card mounts, but they take the form of daguerreotypes, glass negatives, or other processes. Stereographs were first made in the 1850s and are still made today. They were most popular between 1870 and 1920.

In 1851 stereo daguerreotypes were exhibited for the first time to the general public at the London International Exhibition (Crystal Palace). Shortly thereafter, American photographers began making stereographs. One of the first American photographic firms to produce stereographs was the team of William and Frederick Langenheim. The Library owns a set of their early stereoviews of American cities on the East Coast.

By 1860 both amateur photographers and publishing firms were making stereographs. The major stereo publishers sold their views by mail order, door-to-door salesmen, and in stores. Stereographs were sold individually and in boxed sets.

Stereographs are usually mounted. They were typically published with caption information printed under the image or on the back of the mount. The mount also provided information about the publisher, photographer, and sometimes the series or a list of views available from the photographer or publisher.

Stereographs were collected by many middle-class families in the late 19th century. People acquired stereographs of tourist sites they had visited, as well as exotic locales that they would only experience through the wonder of the stereoscope. Viewing stereographs was a common activity, much like watching television or going to the movies today. Stereoviews were also used as an education tool in classrooms. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format)

The Division of Cultural History at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions.

Several distributors and publishers of stereographic images are represented in the collection. One of the most prominent was the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania. Founded by Benneville Lloyd Singley (d.1938), a former Underwood & Underwood salesman, Keystone became a major distributor of stereographic images. From 1892 through 1963 it produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews and stereoscopes used to see the images in 3-D. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company. In 1963 Department A (stereoviews sold to individual families) and the education departments were closed, but Keystone continued to manufacture eye-training stereographic products as a subsidiary of Mast Development Company. In 1972 Mast closed the Meadville manufacturing site.

All of Keystone's manufacturing was done in Meadville, but branch offices were in New York, St. Louis, San Francisco, Portland, Oregon, Chicago, Toronto, Canada and London, England. Salesmen and photographers were scattered around the world, and the company offered 20,000 different views.

Selling stereoviews and lantern slides to schools was a field pioneered by Underwood & Underwood, and for several years Underwood & Underwood and Keystone were competitors for the growing educational market. According to the 1953 Keystone Sales Manual the more aggressive sales methods and the more progressive editorial policies of the Keystone View Company soon made it the acknowledged leader in the industry, and Underwood & Underwood decided to give up the contest.

Between 1915 and 1921 Keystone View Company purchased the negatives of nearly all of its competitors. They also continued to have staff photographers travel the world, so that by 1935 Keystone had approximately two million stereoscopic negatives.

Keystone View Company produced stereographic sets up through the mid-twentieth century, and had a stereoscopic photographer on staff until at least 1955.

References

Thesaurus of Graphic Materials, (2007), http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/ (accessed February 10, 2011).

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/stereo/background.html (accessed February 14, 2011).
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1921, (AC0143)

Other Institutions with Materials

University of California, Riverside/California Museum of Photography

George Eastman House

Temple University

Brooklyn Historical Society
Provenance:
Donated to the Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum by Mrs. Joseph Stanley-Brown, through Mrs. Herbert Feis, in 1943.

The Division of Cultural History (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions. An unknown portion of the collection transferred to the Archives Center, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Stereographs -- 1900-1950
Stereographs -- 1900-1910
Photographs -- Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Lantern slides
Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0945
Online Media:

Stereographs

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1865-1931
Scope and Contents note:
Over two thousand stereographs (or stereoscopic photographs) are among the estimated two million documents and items of business ephemera in the Warshaw Collection. It is likely that Isadore Warshaw collected the stereographs both as examples of business advertising and as pictorial representations of commercial products, historical themes, and other subjects. Many of these stereographs contain advertisements for non-photographic businesses, as well as imprints of photographers' names and studio locations. There is also a substantial minority of items which bear no identification at all.

One group of images deserves particular note: In the section headed "New York-Albany" are approximately 125 stereographs from the Julius Wendt and Wendt Bros. studios located in Albany at the turn of the twentieth century. The subjects include street scenes, Washington Park, the state capitol building, and citizens of the area. Many of the stereographs of people in this group have biographical newspaper clippings affixed to the versos. A large number of stereographs from one studio is significant, and these images provide a fascinating document of Albany and its citizens from 1900 to 1905. Another stereograph of special interest is an advertisement for the stereoscopic photographer T. F. M. White of New Bedford, Mass., which was located in the "photography" category. This view contains text and an image, both of which yield a three-dimensional effect when viewed through a stereoscope. While these examples stand out as highlights of the collection, there are other excellent examples of the form from the 1860s through the early 1900s. Much subject matter is fairly typical of stereographs, including views of Western scenery, railroads, resorts, bridges, and street scenes. The quality of the compositions and the condition of the cards varies widely. Currently there are eleven boxes of images and over one hundred categories, as described in the Container List. More stereographs may be added if they are found elsewhere in the Warshaw Collection, and this inventory will be updated accordingly.

The stereographs are the work of many photographers and publishers from the 1860s to the 1920s; they are primarily American views of American scenes, although there is also a section of foreign views. As mentioned above, they are filed in the stereograph boxes according to their original business ephemera locations, whether in the topical or geographical series. Some categories contain only a single item, others contain many.

The Container List and the automated SIRIS catalogue of these stereographs are controlled at the sub-series level, by category title; but when there are many items in a category, the more notable images and better-known makers are identified. Most early images are silver albumen and later views are silver gelatin unless otherwise noted; "lithoprints" are photomechanical. The "See also" references indicate related images in other categories.
Biographical/Historical note:
A stereograph consists of two nearly identical images, generally photographs, exposed as a rule simultaneously and from a distance separation of approximately two-and-one-half inches, mounted on a card and viewed, with or without the aid of a binocular viewer, to produce the simulation of three dimensions. The subject of the stereograph and its waves of popularity in the United States and elsewhere is treated in a number of books, but authoritatively and exhaustively in William Culp Darrah's monumental book, The World of the Stereograph.(1) Stereographs were manufactured and distributed commercially in large quantities by publishers for mass markets as objects of both entertainment and education, but they were also produced in smaller quantities for specialized markets. The stereograph was the dominant form of photography in the nineteenth century. Its immense popularity lasted approximately until the cinema and halftone-illustrated print media sent it into eclipse after World War I..(2)

(1)William C. Darrah's The World of the Stereograph (self-published, 1977), the most authoritative reference in stereography but long out of print, is again available, in a reprint edition issued by J. Richiuso of Land Yacht Press, Nashville, 1998.

(2)Melody D. Davis, "An essential reprint in stereography (William C. Darrah's The World of the Stereograph)," Art Journal, Fall 1998.
Reorganization Notes:
Originally, these stereographs were interfiled with other materials in the Warshaw Collection. It was felt that this arrangement could be damaging to the stereographs and appeared in many instances to be haphazard. Therefore, in 1991 they were rehoused to ensure their preservation, and reorganized to better facilitate their use as research tools. Whenever possible, categories from the primary Warshaw materials have been retained; however, new categories which matched typical or traditional stereograph subject arrangement were added. This method created some overlap among categories, so it is suggested that a researcher follow "see also" terms within the section descriptions. The stereographs are now organized by topical and geographical categories. Selected photographers have been indexed as well.

It may seem strange that portions of a collection should be removed from their original context, consolidated, and separated from the rest of the collection, but this was done to make the Warshaw stereographs more accessible to photographic historians and others interested primarily in documentary photographic evidence, rather than advertising imagery, trade literature, and text materials. Also, storage of the stereographs in standard document boxes posed a hazard to the material because of their size and form, especially prints on curved or "warped" mounts, which might be crushed or mishandled if filed with other items in disparate formats and sizes. Jennifer Songster-Burnett located, organized, and catalogued the majority of these stereographs as an internship project in spring 1991. The prior association of these images with Warshaw Collection topical categories was retained to ensure their continued availability to users of the Business Ephemera Vertical Files. Often cross- reference copies have been placed in the Business Ephemera boxes to indicate specific images which were refiled, and many cards are arranged according to the original category titles. A researcher with citations to stereographs in their original locations can relocate them easily in the parallel arrangement of the stereographs.

The consolidation of stereographs from all categories should enhance their utility for scholars seeking specifically photographic documentation of objects, places, and events. In the original vertical files, the stereographs' multiple topical and thematic associations were often obscured. A stereograph from the "Insurance" category, for example, depicts an architecturally distinguished insurance company building in Milwaukee, but the architectural historian might not search that category for views of buildings: among the stereographs, even the accidental or serendipitous finding of this image will be faster and easier. The project also facilitated more detailed cataloguing of these images, with considerable cross- referencing and subject descriptors in the automated database (SIRIS): for example, the insurance building, the only item in the "Insurance" category of the stereographs subdivision, has been cross-referenced under architectural descriptors, and can be accessed in this manner as well.
Series Restrictions:
Sears, Roebuck & Co. catalogs restricted due to fragile condition. Researchers should consult microfilm in NMAH library for 1880-1983 editions, drawer 692.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S02, Subseries 2.6
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s02-ref1884

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards

Source:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Former owner:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (6 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereoscopic photographs
Date:
ca. 1867-ca. 1926.
Scope and Contents note:
Approximately 350 stereo cards of engineering subjects, such as bridges, tunnels, lighthouses, canals, quarries, etc., including both U.S. and foreign subjects.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Former curator at the National Museum of American History.
Provenance:
Donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering by curator Robert M. Vogel in 1986. Also included in this gift were stereographs of non-engineering subjects, which were transferred to other Museum divisions.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Canals  Search this
Dams  Search this
Factories  Search this
Heavy machinery  Search this
Mining  Search this
Waterworks  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Quarries and quarrying  Search this
Lighthouses  Search this
Mines  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Railroad stations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereoscopic photographs
Citation:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, ca. 1867-ca. 1925, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1090
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1090

Photographic History Collection: Mathew Brady and Brady Studio

Maker:
Brady, Mathew B.  Search this
Brady's National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Brady's Photographic Studio  Search this
Object Name:
Mathew Brady and Brady Studio Collection
Date made:
1851 - 1921
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
U. S. Civil History  Search this
U.S. National Government, executive branch  Search this
Chronology: 1850-1859  Search this
ID Number:
COLL.PHOTOS.000005
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Military
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-f2f1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1316614

View-Master Library Box with View-Master Reels

Maker:
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Sawyer's  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
Bakelite (overall material)
maroon (part: color)
cream (part: color)
marbled (part: pattern)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 in x 4 in x 10 3/4 in; 10.16 cm x 10.16 cm x 27.305 cm
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
color slides
stereoscopic photographs
containers
storage boxes
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
view-master reels
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Date made:
1946 - 1960
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Travel  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
National Parks  Search this
Geography  Search this
Education  Search this
Toys  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.32
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.32
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-554e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804513

View-Master blisterpack cards

Maker:
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
GAF Corporation  Search this
Tyco Industries, Inc.  Search this
Fisher-Price  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (part: material)
plastic (part: material)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
in case: 8 1/4 in x 4 1/4 in; 20.955 cm x 10.795 cm
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
view-master reels
stereoscopic photographs
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
color slides
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Mexico
Date made:
1976 - 2000
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Travel  Search this
Geography  Search this
National Parks  Search this
Monuments  Search this
White House  Search this
New Year's Eve  Search this
Education  Search this
Toys  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.33
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.33
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cbc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804516

View-Master Library Chest Stock No. 2164; View-Master United States Travel

Maker:
GAF Corporation  Search this
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
red (part: color)
white (part: color)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
container: 5 in x 8 1/2 in x 5 1/2 in; 12.7 cm x 21.59 cm x 13.97 cm
Object Name:
box
view-master reels
color slide film
stereoscopic photographs
containers
storage boxes
photographic transparencies
color slides
color transparencies
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Date made:
1966 - 1981
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Travel  Search this
Geography  Search this
Education  Search this
Toys  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.34
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.34
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-558f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804519

View-Master Model C Deluxe Viewer

Maker:
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Sawyer's  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
glass (overall material)
glass (part: material)
metal (part: material)
black (overall color)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
paper (part: material)
Bakelite (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 4 in x 3 in; 8.89 cm x 10.16 cm x 7.62 cm
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
view-master reels
stereoviewers
stereoscopic photographs
stereoviewers (wheel type)
photographic transparencies
color slides
color transparencies
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Date made:
circa 1950
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Education  Search this
Travel  Search this
Toys  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.35
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.35
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cbd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804524

35mm stereo slides

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
black (overall color)
cardboard (support material)
plastic (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
container: 2 1/4 in x 4 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 5.715 cm x 11.43 cm x 5.715 cm
in frame: 2 in x 4 1/2 in; 5.08 cm x 11.43 cm
Object Name:
stereoscopic photographs
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
color slides
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Family  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.37
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.37
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cbf-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804555

35mm color stereo slides

Physical Description:
cardboard (packaging material)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
container: 1 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in x 2 1/4 in; 3.81 cm x 10.795 cm x 5.715 cm
in frame: 40 mm x 100 mm; 1 9/16 in x 3 15/16 in
Object Name:
stereoscopic photographs
Kodachrome (TM)
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
color slides
Place made:
China
Date made:
circa 1965
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
China  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.38
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.38
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cc0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804559

stereo slides

Physical Description:
cardboard (container material)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
white (container color)
Measurements:
container: 2 in x 4 1/4 in x 1 in; 5.08 cm x 10.795 cm x 2.54 cm
in frame: 40 mm x 100 mm; 1 9/16 in x 3 15/16 in
Object Name:
color slides
stereoscopic photographs
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
Place made:
Germany: Berlin, Berlin
Associated Place:
Germany: Berlin, Berlin
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Germany  Search this
Europe  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.39
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.39
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cc1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804603

stereo slides

Physical Description:
cardboard (container material)
white (container color)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
container: 2 in x 4 1/4 in x 1 in; 5.08 cm x 10.795 cm x 2.54 cm
container: 2 in x 4 1/8 in x 3/4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.4902 cm x 1.905 cm
in frame: 40 mm x 100 mm; 1 9/16 in x 3 15/16 in
Object Name:
color slides
stereoscopic photographs
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
Place made:
Czech Republic: Praha, Hlavní Město, Prague
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Europe  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.40
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.40
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5cc2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804608

small format stereographs

Physical Description:
paper (support material)
gelatin (image material)
silver (image material)
emulsion (image material)
cardboard (container material)
white (container color)
Measurements:
support: 34 mm x 76 mm; 1 11/32 in x 3 in
image: 18 mm x 31 mm; 23/32 in x 1 7/32 in
container: 2 in x 4 1/8 in x 3/4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.4902 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
stereographs
stereoscopic photographs
photomechanical prints
gelatin silver prints
Place made:
Spain: Catalonia, Barcelona
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Travel  Search this
Europe  Search this
Spain  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.41
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.41
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Food
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-afcb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804611

Espana y sus Bellezas

Physical Description:
cardboard (container material)
paper (support material)
gelatin (image material)
silver (image material)
emulsion (image material)
white (container color)
Measurements:
support: 34 mm x 76 mm; 1 11/32 in x 3 in
image: 18 mm x 31 mm; 23/32 in x 1 7/32 in
container: 2 in x 4 1/8 in x 3/4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.4902 cm x 1.905 cm
Object Name:
stereographs
stereoscopic photographs
gelatin silver prints
Place made:
Spain: Catalonia, Barcelona
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Travel  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Spain  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.42
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.42
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-afcc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804614

stereo slides

Physical Description:
cardboard (container material)
white (container color)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
Measurements:
container: 1 1/4 in x 5 1/4 in x 2 5/16 in; 3.175 cm x 13.335 cm x 5.842 cm
in frame: 40 mm x 100 mm; 1 9/16 in x 3 15/16 in
Object Name:
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
color slides
stereoscopic photographs
Place made:
Ireland: Dublin
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Parks, public  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.43
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.43
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-afcd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804615

Scanlon Tailored Trees; Stereo-6

Physical Description:
plastic (container material)
green (container color)
paper (part: material)
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
cardboard (part: material)
plastic (part: material)
Measurements:
container: 9 in x 4 1/4 in; 22.86 cm x 10.795 cm
support: 7 in x 4 in; 17.78 cm x 10.16 cm
image: 20 mm x 24 mm; 25/32 in x 15/16 in
Object Name:
photographic transparencies
color transparencies
color slides
stereoviewers
stereoscopic photographs
stereoviewer
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
United States: Ohio, Olmsted Falls
Date made:
1968 - 1974
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Trees  Search this
Business  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.44
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.44
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-b070-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1804616

View-Master Personal Reel Mount

Manufacturer:
Sawyer's  Search this
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (support material)
color reversal film (image material)
white (support color)
green (support color)
metal (support material)
paper (wrapper material)
Measurements:
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
stereoscopic photographs
color slides
color transparencies
photographic transparencies
view-master reels
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Architecture  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.32.01
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.32.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Religion
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5933-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1805110
Online Media:

Personal Reel Mount

Manufacturer:
Sawyer's  Search this
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (support material)
metal (support material)
white (support color)
green (support color)
color reversal film (image material)
paper (wrapper material)
Measurements:
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
stereoscopic photographs
color slides
color transparencies
photographic transparencies
view-master reels
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Amateur  Search this
Travel  Search this
Architecture  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.32.02
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.32.02
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Religion
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-5934-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1805118
Online Media:

Reel #106 Rainier National Park, Sunrise Side

Maker:
Sawyer's  Search this
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (support material)
white (support color)
color reversal film (image material)
Kodachrome (TM) (image material)
Measurements:
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
view-master reels
stereoscopic photographs
color slides
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Depicted:
United States: Washington, Rainier
Date made:
1946 - 1966
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Travel  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
National Parks  Search this
Geography  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.35.01
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.35.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-500d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1805386

Reel #107 Rainier National Park, Paradise Side

Associated Name:
Evelyn, Douglas E.  Search this
Maker:
Sawyer's  Search this
VIEW-MASTER  Search this
Physical Description:
cardboard (support material)
white (support color)
color reversal film (image material)
Kodachrome (TM) (image material)
Measurements:
support: 9 cm x 9 cm; 3 17/32 in x 3 17/32 in
image: 1 cm x 1.1 cm; 13/32 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
view-master reels
stereoscopic photographs
color slides
Place made:
United States: Oregon, Portland
Depicted:
United States: Washington, Rainier
Date made:
1946 - 1966
Subject:
Stereography  Search this
Travel  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
National Parks  Search this
Geography  Search this
ID Number:
2015.0344.35.02
Accession number:
2015.0344
Catalog number:
2015.0344.35.02
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-500e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1805391

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