Armstrong Manual Training School, built in 1902, was authorized by congress as a vocational high school for African American youth in Washington, DC. The school was named for Samuel C. Armstrong (1839-1893), a white commander of an African American Civil War regiment and founder of Hampton Institute, now University. Designed by local architect Waddy B. Wood, the Renaissance Revival building provided carpentry, machine, foundry, and blacksmith workshops. In addition, the school taught chemistry and physics. Dr. Wilson Bruce Evans, the father of performing artist Lillian Evans Tibbs, served as founding principal. Duke Ellington, William "Billy"Eckstein, and John Malachi are among a host of Armstrong graduates who became prominent in their profession. In 1996 the school was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in the District of Columbia.
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Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Evans-Tibbs collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of the Estate of Thurlow E. Tibbs, Jr.
Aidan Southall (1920-2009) was a social anthropologist whose research focused on rural and urban settings in East Africa. Marshall Barron Clinard (1911-2010) was a sociological criminologist who conducted research in a number of countries, including Sweden, India, Switzerland, and Uganda. This collection, consisting mostly of questionnaires, represents Southall and Clinard's research on nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection, consisting mostly of questionnaires, represents Aidan Southall and Marshall Clinard's research on nutrition and crime in Kampala, Uganda. Southall conducted his research during the 1950s in dense low income areas in Kampala. His surveys also include a small sample of urban chiefs, Asian and European households, and domestic servants. Clinard used Southall's work as a foundation for his own research in Kampala in 1968-1969 on urban crime. Surveys from Clinard's research are present in the collection, as well as crime statistics that he collected.
The collection is unarranged.
Aidan Southall (1920-2009) was a social anthropologist whose research focused on rural and urban settings in East Africa. He received his B.A. (1942) and M.A. (1957) from Cambridge University and earned his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics (1952). In 1957, he became the first professor of social anthropology and sociology at Makerere University College in Uganda, where he stayed until 1964. He was later a professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (1969-1990).
Marshall Barron Clinard (1911-2010) was a sociological criminologist, educated at Stanford University (B.A., 1932; M.A., 1934) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1941). He conducted research in a number of countries, including Sweden, India, Switzerland, and Uganda. He was a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison from 1946 to 1979.
Related Archival Materials note:
Aidan Southall's correspondence can be found in the papers of Harold Schneider and Marvin Harris.
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Aidan Southall in 1992.
This collection is restricted to on site access only. Contact Reference staff for more information.
This series includes notes on the various Indian tribes Hrdlička visited on his trips to the southwestern United States and Mexico between 1898 and 1903. Most of these are ethnographic in nature (for example, origin stories, responses from consultants, and notes on medicines), but they also include anthropometric data, adding machine tapes, and some correspondence. The physical anthropology tables are primarily anthropometric measurements and many participants are identified. The photographs are mostly portraits or show skeletal remains. Most were taken by Hrdlička, although there are prints of Ute Indians taken by Charles Goodman. The journals are personal remembrances with little material of anthropological significance. The materials titled "The Pueblos" were used in the publication "The Pueblos, with Comparative Data on the Bulk of the Tribes of the Southwest and Northern Mexico," American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 20, no. 3 (1935): 235-460. The drawings are of skeletal specimens, mostly at the AMNH, and are annotated to indicate sex, age, and museum number. Most of the notes on museum specimens are on crania in the AMNH, although some are on bones in the National Museum of Mexico and in private collections. The statistical work sheets apparently were prepared for E.A. Hooton at his statistical laboratory at Harvard in the late 1930s from data supplied by Hrdlička. The data was analyzed on the basis of age range, cephalic measurements, and stature to calculate the mean of various physical anthropological measurements. Most, if not all, the data were compiled from male specimens.
Series 15: Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum has additional materials that may be related to these trips.
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.
Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The Repatriation Office, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, provided funds for the arrangement and description of the Aleš Hrdlička papers