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T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers

Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Extent:
2.5 cu. ft. (5 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1885-1928, 1941 and undated
Introduction:
The 1879 act establishing the United States Geological Survey (USGS) declares "And all collections of rocks, minerals, soils, and fossils, and objects of natural history, archaeology, and ethnology, made by the Coast and Interior Survey, the Geological Survey, or by any other parties for the Government of the United States, when no longer needed for investigations in progress, shall be deposited in the National Museum." Many of the paleontologists affiliated with the USGS Paleontology and Stratigraphy Branch have been stationed at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) to study and care for the national collections. This close working relationship between the USGS and the NMNH has resulted in the Smithsonian Archives acquiring records and special collections documenting paleontological work of the Survey and its scientists.
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Timothy William Stanton document his professional career at the United States Geological Survey, and his research on Cretaceous invertebrate fossils. The collection is also documents Stanton's many field explorations conducted in the western and southwestern United States between 1893 and 1928. This work is primarily illustrated by copies of outgoing letters written by Stanton during each field season. Included are letters written to the Chief Geologist, USGS, which provide monthly summaries of field operations, and correspondence written by Stanton to professional colleagues describing the work. The collection also includes incoming and outgoing correspondence documenting an eight year period (1921-1928) of Stanton's career. The letters provide information on his USGS duties, including his service as Chairman of the Committee on Geologic Names; his work as Custodian of Mesozoic Invertebrates in the USNM; and his professional activities, including his work as President of Paleontological Society, 1921, and Vice-President of the Geological Society of America, also in 1921. Of special interest are letters documenting John B. Reeside's field work in the western United States during the 1920s. Finally, Stanton's outgoing correspondence from 1894 to 1916 is maintained in a series of letterpress volumes. The outgoing letters primarily illustrate his official USGS duties and contain many reports on fossils sent to Stanton for identification. The volumes also contain Charles Abiathar White's outgoing correspondence from 1885 to 1894.

Researchers should also consult SI Archives Accession 88-180, United States Geological Survey, Paleontology and Stratigraphy Branch, Branch Chief Records for additional Stanton correspondence.
Historical Note:
Timothy William Stanton (1860-1953) was a paleontologist specializing in the study of Cretaceous invertebrates. He was educated at the University of Colorado (B.S., 1883; M.S., 1895) and Columbian (now George Washington) University (Ph.D., 1897). His 46-year career with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) began in 1889 when he was appointed Assistant Paleontologist to support Charles Abiathar White's work on Cretaceous invertebrates. In 1892, he replaced White as Geologist-in-Charge of the work. Stanton was promoted to Chief of the Section of Paleontology in 1900, and, in 1903, he was made Chief of the newly created Section of Paleontology and Stratigraphy. From 1930 to 1932, Stanton served as Acting Chief Geologist of the USGS. In 1932, he was promoted to Chief Geologist and he remained in the position until his retirement from the Survey in 1935. For many years, Stanton also acted as Chairman of the USGS Committee on Geologic Names. In addition to his USGS duties, Stanton served the United States National Museum (USNM) in an honorary capacity as Custodian of Mesozoic Invertebrates from 1894 to 1953. Stanton's career with the USGS was marked by extensive field research, especially in the western and southwestern United States. He has been described as an outstanding fossil collector. One biographer stated that during his early field work "... Stanton made collections of fossils that have not since been surpassed for quality and scope." Despite the press of USGS duties, Stanton managed to published several monographs and papers, mostly on the Cretaceous deposits of the western United States. He was active within the geological profession and served as President of the Paleontological Society in 1921 and Vice-President of the Geological Society of America in the same year.

For additional biographical information on Stanton see "Memorial to Timothy William Stanton (1860-1953)," by John B. Reeside, Jr. Proceedings Volume of the Geological Society of America Annual Report for 1954, pp. 137-142. 1955.
Topic:
Paleontology  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7325
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7325

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7325, Series 1
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e230

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e241

Folder 1 Abel - Brown, Roland W.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e249

Folder 2 Cattell - Foerste

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e261

Folder 3 Gardner - Knowlton

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e273

Folder 4 Lang - Price

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e285

Folder 5 Reeside, John B., Jr., 1921-1928. Consists mostly of correspondence concerning Reeside's field work in Colorado, New Mexico, Montana, South Dakota, North Dakota, and other western states.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e298

Folder 6 Ries - Schramm

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e310

Folder 7 Schuchert, Charles, 1922-1928. Of special interest is Schuchert's letter of April 28, 1924 which concerns Charles D. Walcott's position on the Ozarkian System.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e322

Folder 8 Scott - Smith, C. H.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e334

Folder 9 Smith, James Perrin, 1921-1928. Correspondence mostly concerning Smith's monograph on Triassic faunas.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e346

Folder 10 Spiroff - Swingle

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e358

Folder 11 Wade - Yamasaki

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1921-1928, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e371

OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of letterpress volumes containing outgoing correspondence of Stanton, 1894-1916, and Charles Abiathar White, 1885-1894. There is a gap in Stanton's outgoing correspondence between January 1906 and January 1908.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7325, Series 2
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e385

Box 2

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 2: OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e402

Folder 1 Outgoing correspondence, October 1885 - December 1890. Correspondence written by Charles A. White.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 2: OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e410

Folder 2 Outgoing correspondence, January 1891 - November 1898. Correspondence written by Charles A. White, 1891-1894, and Stanton, 1894-1898.

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 2: OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e422

Folder 3 Outgoing correspondence, March 1902 - April 1904

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 2: OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY. / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e434

Box 3

Collection Creator::
Stanton, T. W. (Timothy William), 1860-1953  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7325, T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
See more items in:
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers
T.W. (Timothy William) Stanton Papers / Series 2: OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1885-1916. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7325-refidd1e447

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