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Photographs of North American geology and scenery

Photographer:
Caswell & Davy  Search this
Continent Stereoscopic Company  Search this
Mitchell and Baer  Search this
Park and Company  Search this
Rice & Perkins  Search this
Thomas Houseworth & Co  Search this
Whitney & Zimmerman  Search this
William Notman & Son  Search this
Addison, George A.  Search this
Baer, Edwin  Search this
Barber, A. W.  Search this
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Billington, W. C.  Search this
Bragaw  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davidson, I. G.  Search this
Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Fennemore, James, 1849-1941  Search this
Gates, G. F. (George F.)  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Leach, J. A.  Search this
McMurry  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Ogden, Herbert Gouverneur, 1846-1906  Search this
Partridge, W. H. (William Henry), 1858-1939  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), 1852-1906  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Shaw, Clarence H.  Search this
Spaulding, Randall  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Thurlow, J., 1831-1878  Search this
True, Frederick William, 1858-1914  Search this
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
William, J. J.  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1,195 Prints (albumen, silver gelatin, and platinum)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Place:
Wyoming
Virginia
New York
New Mexico
Vermont
South Carolina
Maine
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Montana
Nebraska
Alaska
British Columbia
Arizona
Colorado
California
Date:
1871-1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of geologic features and the natural environment of the American West, Alaska, and Mexico, most of which were created during government surveys and the expansion of railroads during the 1800s. There are also photographs collected and made by individuals who worked or traveled in the west. Depicted locales include Alaska, Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and Wyoming, and there are some additional images of artifacts, artwork, and portraits. Photographers represented include William Henry Jackson, John K. Hillers, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, E. O. Beaman, James Fennemore, William Bell, and other professional and amateur photographers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 37
Varying Form of Title:
Scenic Views of North America
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Charles Savage photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 156.
Bourne & May photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 159.
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional photographs by photographers or from accessions represented in this collection in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 40, and other photo lots.
See others in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery, 1871-1912
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Formations (Geology)  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Citation:
Photo lot 37, Photographs of North American geology and scenery,National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.37
See more items in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a604035c-b921-4a58-bad1-332c96e1ef4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-37
Online Media:

Joseph Stanley-Brown lantern slide collection

Collector:
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Names:
Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909 (possible collector)  Search this
Donor:
Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947  Search this
Extent:
460 Lantern slides (circa)
silver gelatin; 27 mounted panoramas (each made from 3-5 prints)
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Alaska
Chilkoot Trail
Date:
circa 1888-1898
Scope and Contents note:
Lantern slides, probably largely collected by Joseph Stanley-Brown while stationed at Dutch Harbor in charge of the Pribilof Island seal fisheries, from 1890-1898. Images of Alaska include scenery, towns, seal hunting and preparation, fishing, whaling, boats, churches, livestock, Inuit and Aleut people, and the Chilkoot Pass and images relating to the Klondike gold rush. There are also slides of related maps and charts, and images of buildings in Washington, DC, exhibits at the Smithsonian Institutuion, and cowboys, possibly on the Great Plains. Some lantern slides have labels from "E. H. Harriman, 1 E. 55th Street, New York."
Biographical/Historical note:
Born in Washington, DC, Joseph Stanley-Brown (1858-1941) served as private secretary to President James A. Garfield and to President Chester A. Arthur after Garfield's assassination. In 1882, he joined the US Geological Survey and was appointed Assistant Geologist (1888-1889). Stanley-Brown was appointed in 1891 by the Secretary of the Treasury to investigate conditions in the seal industry on the Pribilof islands, which was a contentious issue between the United States and Great Britain. He represented the United States as secretary to the Bering Sea Joint Commission and to commissioners at the Fur Seal Tribunal of Arbitration, Paris, France. He later became a superintendent and leaseholder for the North American Commercial Company╩╣s government-regulated sealing activities on the Pribilofs and Unalaska, and worked with several railroad companies.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 54
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs collected by Joseph Stanley Brown held in National Anthropological Archives in the Department of Anthropology Records (Manuscript and Pamphlet File), Photo Lot 24, and Photo Lot 37.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives hold Joseph Stanley-Brown correspondence in the Frederick William True Papers, circa 1886-1910.
Additional lantern slides collected by Stanley-Brown and donated as part of USNM ACC 165342 held in National Museum of American History, Archives Center in the Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs.
The Library of Congress holds Joseph Stanley-Brown papers, 1730-1941.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Cowboys  Search this
Whaling  Search this
Fisheries  Search this
Sealing  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 54, Joseph Stanley-Brown lantern slide collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.54
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b1aa8ead-fece-4be1-b2ad-3f3a29ff8e12
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-54
Online Media:

MS 1141 Hopi pottery and pottery design

Creator:
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Extent:
41 Pages
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November, 1882
Scope and Contents:
Contains descriptions and names in Hopi for types of Hopi pottery and pottery designs. Also included are kachinas, kachina headgear, toys, baskets and ladles.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1141
Local Note:
autograph manuscript
Topic:
Pottery designs -- Hopi  Search this
Kachinas -- Hopi  Search this
Toys -- Hopi  Search this
Baskets -- Hopi  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1141, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1141
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f2c887e1-3ea0-4f88-962c-755a240353b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1141

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs

Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet ((29 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Milwaukee (Wis.)
California
Date:
1887-1930
bulk 1900-1930
Summary:
Collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs produced by several companies: Keystone View Company, Better America Lecture Service, Incorporated, American Press Association, J. Stanley-Brown, William H. Rau, and J. F. Maertz Department Store. The lantern slides were primarily intended to be used for educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text and in some instances by small cards--one card for each slide--and in other instances directly on the back of a stereoview. The majority of images were taken from 1900 to 1930.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs primarily designed for use in audio-visual educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text. In some instances on small cards--one card for each slide-- and in other instances printed directly on the back of a stereoview. A few of the lantern slides, particularly the ones of the J. F. Maertz Department Store of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, are advertisements for consumer products. The majority were taken from 1890 through 1930. While the collection as a whole is in good general condition, some lantern slides, stereographs, and text cards are missing, and some of the lantern slides are cracked.

The collection will appeal to researchers examining the course of nineteenth-century social history broadly, especially how lantern slides were marketed to educators to teach geography, social studies, science, history and reading. The lantern slides as artifacts will be of interest to those who study material culture.

Series 1, Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated, is divided into seven subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated; Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300; Subseries 3, Biblical, undated; Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated; Subseries 5, Roads, undated; and Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series depicts scenes from around the United States and the rest of the world. Each image is intended to be characteristic of its location and in most cases is accompanied by a text card that describes the scene and gives the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the location. Many of the glass lantern slides have corresponding stereoviews and in these instances two box numbers are given.

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. Views #1-261 are arranged in a rough geographic order beginning in Maine and proceeding down the Atlantic Coast, through the former Confederate states, into the Midwest and Plains states, the mountain West states and the West coast, and ending in the territories of Alaska and Hawaii and the Panama Canal. Views #262-346 begin in eastern Canada, proceed across Canada and move through Mexico and Central America into the Caribbean, thence the length of South America and the Antarctic. Views #347-554 begin in the British Isles and move through Northern and Southern Europe and into Central Europe and then Russia, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East. Views #556-592 begin in North Africa and cover the length of the continent and a few areas in the Pacific. The series concludes with views of several planets, President McKinley reviewing Civil War heroes (1899), and the work of a Mexican artist (1900).

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. H-1 to H-258 depict scenes and sites of American history beginning with several images of indigenous peoples and proceeding, roughly chronologically, through major events and locations to about 1925. Images H-259 to H-300 document a range of localities and activities across the country in the mid-1920s, including major buildings in Washington, D.C., industrial activities, and modern agricultural practices.

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated, shows religious art works and rural scenes.

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated, contains two images. One is pastoral with a Franscican friar, the other a fountain.

Subseries 5, Roads, undated, includes three images of roads, one with a person on horseback, the other two depicting wagons.

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated, contains lithoprint stereographs, each with a short description, depicting scenes such as landmarks in the United States; news events in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; warfare; domestic scenes and scenes of foreign countries.

Series 2, Hillis Better America Lecture Service lantern slides, undated, is divided into 12 subseries: Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 5, Fathers Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated; and Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated.

This series consists of lantern slides produced by Newell Dwight Hillis' Better America Lecture Service Incorporated. Newell Dwight Hillis (1858-1929), was a noted clergyman, lecturer and author. The Better American Lecture Service sought to make better Americans and to inspire greater loyalty to American institutions. Better America Lecture Service rented the lecture manuscript and slides to churches, societies, schools, and patriotic organizations. Slides were sent in a tin box and contained suggestions for publicity arrangements. (Nevada Educational Bulletin, December 1920).

Hillis published more than twenty volumes including collections of his sermons, inspirational works, and a novel. In addition, many of Hillis addresses were published and distributed as pamphlets. The slides were intended to be used for lectures on subjects such as socialism and equality. The slides generally consist of text, drawings, images of persons, paintings, and landscapes. A few slides in each set are missing, and there is no text accompanying any of the slides. The series is arranged into twelve subseries alphabetically by topic.

Series 3, American Press Association lantern slides, undated, is divided into ten subseries: Subseries 1, General Images, undated; Subseries 2, Coffins and soliders, undated; Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated; Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated; Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated; Subseries 6, Parade, undated; Subseries 7, Refugees, undated; Subseries 8, Warships, undated; Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated; and Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated.

The series consists of lantern slides from the American Press Association depicting news events from early twentieth century history (e.g., Mexican War; Ludlow Colorado strike; suffragettes; Gettysburg veterans; various ship disasters). Each slide has a caption with a brief description of the scene. Many slides are cracked; one is completely broken and is in a folded paper. There are also approximately fifty slides with scenes of events associated with the Mexican-American War, most with short captions identifying the scenes. Many of these slides are cracked.

Series 4, J. F. Maertz Department Stores advertisement lantern slides, early 1920s, is divided into thirteen subseries: Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated; Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated; Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated; Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated; Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated; Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated; Subseries 7, House wares, undated; Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated; Subseries 9, Shoes, undated; Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated; Subseries 11, Underwear, undated; Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated; and Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides showing advertisements used in J.F. Maertz Department Store catalogs for consumer goods. Slides are categorized by type of goods, including children's shoes and clothes, bathroom needs, dress patterns, men's wear, shoes, house furnishings, house wares, Ladies' Home Journal, and underwear.

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E. H. Harriman lantern slides, undated, is divided into nineteen subseries: Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated; Subseries 2, Animal life, undated; Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated; Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated; Subseries 5, California Indians, undated; Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated; Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated; Subseries 8, Eskimos,undated; Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated; Subseries 10, Indians, undated; Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated; Subseries 12, Maps, undated; Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated; Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated; Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated; Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated; Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated; Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated; and Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated.

The series contains lantern slides, each labeled with the names of distributors, "J. Stanley-Brown, 1318 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, D.C. and E.H. Harriman, 1 East, 55th Street, New York." The slides, some with captions, depict maps; landscapes; seascapes; Eskimos; animal life; Franciscan dwellings; Indians of California; California missions and Franciscan life. There are slides depicting various scenes of California missions and scenes of indigenous Alaskans. Some slides are cracked.

Series 6, Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1894-1907, is divided into seventeen subseries: Subseries 1, American Series, 1887; Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907; Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894; Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907; Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher,undated; Subseries 6, Domestic scenes,undated; Subseries 7, Military, undated; Subseries 8, Miscellaneous, undated; Subseries 9, Places--Asia, undated; Subseries 10, Places--Cuba, undated; Subseries 11, Places--Egypt, undated; Subseries 12, Places--France, undated; Subseries 13, PLaces--Germany, undated; Subseries 14, Places--Italy, undated; Subseries 15, Places--Monte Carlo, undated; Subseries 16, Places-- Palestine, undated; and Subseries 17, Places--United States, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides and stereoviews from distributors that include the American Series; Griffith and Griffith; Pesko Binocular Company; William H. Rau Publisher; and the Universal Photo Art Company.

The stereographs related to domestic and military issues and geography are dated circa 1905, and copyrighted by H. C. White, and distrbuted by World Series.

The stereo views produced by William H. Rau, a publisher in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, show parades and other ceremonies at Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) encampments and Elks conventions held in Philadelphia. The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated

Subseries 5, Roads, undated

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 2: Hillis Better America Lecture Service Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 5, Ftahers Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated

Series 3: American Press Association Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, General Images, undated

Subseries 2, Coffins and Soliders, undated

Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated

Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated

Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated

Subseries 6, Parade, undated

Subseries 7, Refugees, undated

Subseries 8, Warships, undated

Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated

Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated

Series 4: J. F. Maertz Department Store Advertisement Lantern Slides, early 1920s

Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated

Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated

Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated

Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated

Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated

Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated

Subseries 7, House wares, undated

Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated

Subseries 9, Shoes, undated

Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated

Subseries 11, Underwear, undated

Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated

Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E.H. Harriman lantern slides, undated

Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated

Subseries 2, Animal life, undated

Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated

Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated

Subseries 5, California Indians, undated

Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated

Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated

Subseries 8, Eskimos, undated

Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated

Subseries 10, Indians, undated

Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated

Subseries 12, Maps, undated

Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated

Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated

Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated

Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated

Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated

Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated

Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated

Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1887-1907

Subseries 1, American Series, 1887

Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907

Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894

Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907

Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher, undated

Subseries 6, Domestic scenes, undated

Subseries 7, Military, undated

Subseries 8, Places-Asia, undated

Subseries 9, Places-Cuba, undated

Subseries 10, Places-Egypt, undated

Subseries 11, Places-France, undated

Subseries 12, Places-Germany, undated

Subseries 13, Places-Italy, undated

Subseries 14, Places-Monte Carlo, undated

Subseries 6.15, Palestine, undated

Subseries 6.16, Places-United States, undated

Subseries 6.17: Miscellaneous, undated

Series 7: Miscellaneous Lantern Slides, undated
Historical:
Lantern slides are hand-drawn, painted, or photographic images on glass, intended for viewing by projection; often made in sets. Photographic lantern slides were introduced in the United States by 1850 and popular through World War I; commonly 3.25 x 4 in. (9 x 10 cm.) with a black paper mask, a cover glass, and taped edges. Thesaurus of Graphic Materials

Stereographs consist of two nearly identical photographs or photomechanical prints, paired to produce the illusion of a single three-dimensional image, usually when viewed through a stereoscope. Typically, the images are on card mounts, but they take the form of daguerreotypes, glass negatives, or other processes. Stereographs were first made in the 1850s and are still made today. They were most popular between 1870 and 1920.

In 1851 stereo daguerreotypes were exhibited for the first time to the general public at the London International Exhibition (Crystal Palace). Shortly thereafter, American photographers began making stereographs. One of the first American photographic firms to produce stereographs was the team of William and Frederick Langenheim. The Library owns a set of their early stereoviews of American cities on the East Coast.

By 1860 both amateur photographers and publishing firms were making stereographs. The major stereo publishers sold their views by mail order, door-to-door salesmen, and in stores. Stereographs were sold individually and in boxed sets.

Stereographs are usually mounted. They were typically published with caption information printed under the image or on the back of the mount. The mount also provided information about the publisher, photographer, and sometimes the series or a list of views available from the photographer or publisher.

Stereographs were collected by many middle-class families in the late 19th century. People acquired stereographs of tourist sites they had visited, as well as exotic locales that they would only experience through the wonder of the stereoscope. Viewing stereographs was a common activity, much like watching television or going to the movies today. Stereoviews were also used as an education tool in classrooms. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format)

The Division of Cultural History at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions.

Several distributors and publishers of stereographic images are represented in the collection. One of the most prominent was the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania. Founded by Benneville Lloyd Singley (d.1938), a former Underwood & Underwood salesman, Keystone became a major distributor of stereographic images. From 1892 through 1963 it produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews and stereoscopes used to see the images in 3-D. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company. In 1963 Department A (stereoviews sold to individual families) and the education departments were closed, but Keystone continued to manufacture eye-training stereographic products as a subsidiary of Mast Development Company. In 1972 Mast closed the Meadville manufacturing site.

All of Keystone's manufacturing was done in Meadville, but branch offices were in New York, St. Louis, San Francisco, Portland, Oregon, Chicago, Toronto, Canada and London, England. Salesmen and photographers were scattered around the world, and the company offered 20,000 different views.

Selling stereoviews and lantern slides to schools was a field pioneered by Underwood & Underwood, and for several years Underwood & Underwood and Keystone were competitors for the growing educational market. According to the 1953 Keystone Sales Manual the more aggressive sales methods and the more progressive editorial policies of the Keystone View Company soon made it the acknowledged leader in the industry, and Underwood & Underwood decided to give up the contest.

Between 1915 and 1921 Keystone View Company purchased the negatives of nearly all of its competitors. They also continued to have staff photographers travel the world, so that by 1935 Keystone had approximately two million stereoscopic negatives.

Keystone View Company produced stereographic sets up through the mid-twentieth century, and had a stereoscopic photographer on staff until at least 1955.

References

Thesaurus of Graphic Materials, (2007), http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/ (accessed February 10, 2011).

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/stereo/background.html (accessed February 14, 2011).
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1921, (AC0143)

Other Institutions with Materials

University of California, Riverside/California Museum of Photography

George Eastman House

Temple University

Brooklyn Historical Society
Provenance:
Donated to the Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum by Mrs. Joseph Stanley-Brown, through Mrs. Herbert Feis, in 1943.

The Division of Cultural History (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions. An unknown portion of the collection transferred to the Archives Center, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Stereographs -- 1900-1950
Stereographs -- 1900-1910
Photographs -- Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Lantern slides
Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86d81f125-9f9b-4867-97a9-8992b58fb403
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0945
Online Media:

Biblical

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85f9480a7-14f9-4229-9e92-f873b57a1e6d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref136

Santa Barbara, California

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep816990199-2fed-4aa0-8bda-6ad355f88216
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref137

Roads

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Subseries 1.5
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c87843f3-466b-4b6e-ae76-af5ff7d8e142
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref138

Miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Subseries 1.6
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82df5f26c-e494-4f06-a52e-02422d83a9ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref139

Ability Lecture Slides

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 2: Hillis Better America Lecture Service Lantern Slides
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep832e4b551-abbf-4aef-a326-6b2a69f55edd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref144

Miscellaneous Stereographs

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1887 - 1907
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945, Series 6
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a04698ed-c517-47fe-9801-b0641f3eacaf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1446

American Series--Industrial Parade, Centennial, Philadelphia

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1887
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.1: American Series
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep865d870fe-4844-4dce-89a6-70ca63fd33e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1449

Griffith and Griffith--Entrance to G.A.R. Banqueting Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsuylvania,

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1894
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.3: Griffith and Griffith
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80ef0fbaa-cd2e-47e7-9e2d-38c9871df776
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1452

Pesko Binocular Company--The court of honor during the Elks greatest parade, Philadelphia,

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1907
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.4: Pesko Binocular Company
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81e35d2ee-9fe9-4ac3-bb7a-5bd708b9ab30
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1453

William H. Rau Publisher--33rd Encampment G.A.R. sailors from North Atlantic Squandron (#2539)

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.5: William H. Rau Publisher
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86598b0a9-faf9-4c32-b207-a7d50eff770e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1454

William H. Rau Publisher--James A. Roppe from Wisconsin to 33rd Encampment G.A.R. at Philadelphia, on a bicycle (#2555),

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.5: William H. Rau Publisher
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a15baa92-17f1-4c59-8b72-64e40b73838f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1455

William H. Rau Publisher--Banquet Hall, 28th Encampment G.A.R., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1894
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.5: William H. Rau Publisher
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83cc40bf9-7ef9-4e6b-891c-ab25247dcb71
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1456

William H. Rau Publisher--Head of the line, G.A.R. Encampment, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.5: William H. Rau Publisher
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ef97e295-959f-4ea0-ab46-4182950c3573
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1457

C.H. Graves Publisher--5131, military parade on Market Street, U.S. Infantry, Philadelphia

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.2: C.H. Graves
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ead02453-776c-4a5c-89ca-06e2618240f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1458

C.H. Graves Publisher--6901, Elks Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania/Home of Philadelphia Lodge Number 2

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1907
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.2: C.H. Graves
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d400dd74-de6e-454a-9d4a-752a51aff60d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1459

C.H. Graves Publisher--6902, Elks Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania/Chestnut Street west from Tenth Street

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 15
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Date:
1907
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.2: C.H. Graves
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c8c15ef9-2661-41cb-9297-b2e0c97ba7c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1460

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