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Thomas Henry Tibbles papers

Creator:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry, 1840-1928  Search this
Names:
Omaha World-Herald Company  Search this
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925  Search this
Standing Bear, Ponca chief  Search this
Watson, Thomas E. (Thomas Edward), 1856-1922  Search this
Correspondent:
Crook, George, 1829-1890  Search this
La Flesche, Susette, 1854-1903  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
41 Photographs
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Articles
Essays
Book drafts
Correspondence
Autobiographies
Date:
1850-1956
bulk 1875-1905
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Henry Tibbles papers include documents that span Tibbles career as a journalist and lecturer on Indian rights from the 1870s until his death in 1928. Of particular note are the documents related to his work on the Standing Bear vs. George Crook Habeas Corpus trial. This includes articles, essays and talks written by Tibbles as well as copies of a lecture given by Susette LaFlesche Tibbles. Notable correspondents include; Robert Clarkson, Joseph Cook, General George Crook, Robert N. Price and William Jennings Bryan. Examples of materials related to the Ponca land case and Standing Bear trial include reports from the Ponca Relief commitee, a petition from the Ponca people, minutes from the Council Concerning Ponca Land Right and additional documents and writings sent out by Tibbles to gain support from both the church and politicians. Also included in these papers are several drafts of Buckskin and Blanket Days, Tibbles' autobiography that was written in 1905 and published in 1957. There is a significant amount of correspondence between Chester Barris, grandson to Tibbles, and publishing houses between 1939 and 1956 in the search for a willing publisher. There is also correspondence between Barris and his aunt Theadora "Dora" Cogswell who worked on editing the manuscript. Cogswell conducted a large amount of research on the historicity of the events described by Tibbles and her notes are included in the collection. The photographs in this collection include portraits of the Tibbles/LaFlesche family as well as portraits of freinds and aquaintances. These include photographs of Edward Everett Hale, General George Crook, Governor Benjamin Butluer, Wendall Phillips, Thomas Watson, William Jennings Bryan and Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series. Series 1: Subject Files and Series 2: Buckskin and Blanket Days are both arranged alphabetically. Series 3: Photographs is subdivided into three subseries; Subseries 3A: T.H. Tibbles Portaits, arranged chronologically, Subseries 3B: Family and Friends and Subseries 3C: Presentation Portraits to Bright Eyes, both arranged alphabetically.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Henry Tibbles was born May 22, 1840, near Athens, Ohio to parents William and Martha (nee Cooley) Tibbles. In 1856, at the age of 16, Tibbles fought with anti-slavery Free-Staters in the Bleeding Kansas conflicts under James Henry Lane. Lane's troops disbanded the same year and Tibbles went on to study at Mt. Union College in Alliance, Ohio from 1858-1861. During the Civil War Tibbles served as a scout and newspaper correspondent in Missouri and Kansas and continued newspaper work until 1871 when he became a circuit preacher. Between 1874 and 1879, Tibbles worked on the staffs of various newspapers in Omaha, Nebraska eventually reaching the post of assistant editor of the Omaha Daily Herald. It was during his time at the Herald that Tibbles was instrumental in bringing the case of Standing Bear and the Ponca Indian people before the United States District Court at Fort Omaha. Standing Bear, along with thirty other Poncas, had returned to their home in Nebraska after being forcibly removed to Indian Territory 1878. They were being detained at the Omaha Reservation on an order from the Secretary of the Interior and Tibbles began to circulate the story of the plight of the Ponca to major newspapers gathering the support of the public. Eventually Tibbles had attorneys John L. Webster and A.J. Poppleton help Standing Bear petition the court with a writ of habeas corpus. On April 30, 1879 Judge Elmer Dundy declared that an Indian is a person within the law and that the Ponca were being held illegally, setting Standing Bear and the Ponca free. Following the trial, Tibbles continued to report on violations against Native American rights. Tibbles was a witness to the aftermath of the massacre of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1891, and reported this tragedy to the world. From 1893-1895, he worked as a newspaper correspondent in Washington D.C. On returning to Nebraska, Tibbles became editor-in-chief of The Independent, a weekly Populist Party newspaper. He was the Populist Party nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1904. Though unsuccessful in this campaign Tibbles continued to write on Populist issues as well as editing The Investigator from 1905-1910 and returning to the Omaha World Herald from 1910 to his retirement.

Tibbles had two children with his first wife, Amelia Owen whom he married in 1861. Eda, born in 1868 in Kansas City, married Herbert Bates in 1894 and May, born in 1870 in Danville Iowa, married Allen Barris in 1891. Amelia died of peritonitis in 1879. On June 29, 1882, Tibbles married Susette "Bright Eyes" LaFlesche (Omaha), daughter of Joseph "Iron Eye" LaFlesche. Susette LaFlesche worked closely alongside Tibbles during the Standing Bear's trial in her role as chief interpreter. Together, LaFlesche, Tibbles and Standing Bear carried out a successful lecture tour in England and Scotland in 1886-1887 speaking on issues of Indian rights. LaFlesche became well known as an eloquent writer and orator. Following her death in 1903 she was eulagized in the US Senate and was later inducted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame. Tibbles remarried for a final time in 1907 to Ida Belle Riddle. She remained by Tibbles side until his own death in 1928.

During his career, Tibbles wrote three books which included Ponca Chiefs (1880), which was written under the pen name "Zylyff", Hidden Power (1881) and The American Peasant (1892). Tibbles had also composed his memoirs titled Buckskin and Blanket Days which were eventually published in 1957 through the efforts of his grandson Chester Barris.
Related Materials note:
The dress of Susette "Bright Eyes" LaFlesche, wife to Tibbles, was also donated by Vivien Barris in 1984 and is a part of NMAI's Ethnology object collection. It has catalog number 25/2192.
Separated Materials:
The photographs have been moved to cool storage.
Provenance:
Thomas Henry Tibbles papers were originally donated to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1960 by Vivien Barris, wife of Tibbles's grandson Chester Barris.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Habeas corpus -- United States -- Cases  Search this
Ponca Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc.  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Essays
Book drafts
Correspondence
Autobiographies
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Henry Tibbles papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.066
See more items in:
Thomas Henry Tibbles papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b4ba9f3c-13e7-4648-8b7c-fca4d07a9ecc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-066
Online Media:

Standing Bear is a person : the true story of a Native American's quest for justice / Stephen Dando-Collins

Author:
Dando-Collins, Stephen  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
x, 259 p., [16] p. of plates : ill., map, ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Relocation  Search this
Claims  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_762943

The Standing Bear controversy : prelude to Indian reform / Valerie Sherer Mathes and Richard Lowitt

Author:
Mathes, Valerie Sherer 1941-  Search this
Lowitt, Richard 1922-  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
x, 211 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Relocation  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_764694

Standing Bear and the Ponca chiefs / Thomas Henry Tibbles ; edited with an introduction by Kay Graber

Title:
Standing Bear & the Ponca chiefs
Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928  Search this
Graber, Kay 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 143 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
1880
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_600653

The Trial of Standing Bear [videorecording] / Nebraska ETV

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928 Ponca chiefs  Search this
Nebraska Educational Television Network  Search this
Native American Public Broadcasting Consortium  Search this
Great Plains National Instructional Television Library  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
1 videocassette (120 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in
Type:
Videorecordings
Trials, litigation, etc
Date:
1988
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Call number:
video 000535
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_689250

The Ponca chiefs; an account of the trial of Standing Bear. Edited with an introd. by Kay Graber

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 143 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
[1972]
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Call number:
KF228.S78T5X 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_438151

The Ponca chiefs. An Indian's attempt to appeal from the tomahawk to the courts. A full history of the robbery of the Ponca Tribe of Indians, with all the papers filed and evidence taken in the Standing Bear habeas corpus case, and full text of Judge Dundy's celebrated decision, with some suggestions towards a solution of the Indian question. By Zylyff [pseud.] with an introduction by Inshtatheamba (Bright Eyes), and dedication by Wendell Phillips

Author:
Tibbles, Thomas Henry 1840-1928  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 146 p. front. (port. group) 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1880
Call number:
E99.P7T5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_263800

Standing Bear of the Ponca / Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve ; illustrated by Thomas Floyd

Author:
Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk  Search this
Illustrator:
Floyd, Thomas L.  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
48 pages : color illustrations ; 18 x 26 cm
Type:
Biography
Juvenile literature
Date:
2013
Topic:
Ponca Indians--Kings and rulers  Search this
Ponca Indians--Relocation  Search this
Ponca Indians--Claims  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1018333

The trial of Standing Bear / by Frank Keating, Paintings by Mike Wimmer; editor, Gini Moore Campbell

Author:
Keating, Frank 1937-  Search this
Wimmer, Mike  Search this
Campbell, Gini Moore  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Juvenile literature
Date:
2008
C2008
Topic:
Ponca Indians--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Ponca Indians--Kings and rulers  Search this
Call number:
KF228.U55 K43 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_908440

Chief Standing Bear : a promise made between father and son led to a landmark legal decision and the Ponca's return to their ancestral lands / Marita Placek

Author:
Placek, Marita  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
p. [20]-27 : ill., port. ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Great Plains
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
Ponca Indians  Search this
Call number:
E99.P7 P53 2007
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_917536

"I am a man" : Chief Standing Bear's journey for justice / Joe Starita

Author:
Starita, Joe  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
x, 257 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2008
2009
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Ponca Indians--History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_928217

Footprints in blood : Standing Bear's struggle for freedom and human dignity / [American Indian Center of Omaha, Inc., Standing Bear Project Staff, Wayne Tyndall, Director ; design by M. Engstrom & G. Flanagan, Les Hays Studio]

Title:
Standing Bear's struggle for freedom and human dignity
Author:
Tyndall, Wayne  Search this
American Indian Center of Omaha  Search this
Subject:
Standing Bear Ponca chief  Search this
Physical description:
[28] p. : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Trials, litigation, etc
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
KF228.S78 F66 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_983998

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