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Portland -- Teasdale Garden

Landscape architect:
Bainnson, Brian  Search this
Provenance:
The Portland Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Teasdale Garden (Portland, Oregon)
United States of America -- Oregon -- Multnomah -- Portland
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and feature plans.
General:
Located on one-third acre, the Teasdale Garden fills a wedge-shaped corner lot comprised of lush plantings, garden sculpture, entertaining and sports areas, a koi pond and a rockery with a waterfall. The garden was redesigned in 1996 with the assistance of landscape architect Brian Bainnson. Prior to the re-design, the 1924 property included a rock retaining wall, a concrete reflecting pool, a mature tulip tree, overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel. The brick path to the front door was only two feet wide and there was little to indicate where the front door was located. Major improvements were made including creating garden rooms on different levels with painted cedar fences establishing boundaries. New brickwork added a dining deck next to the house, enlarged existing patios and widened the front walk, and with the addition of steps and another patio turned an original concrete reflecting pool into a garden room with a water garden stocked with koi. After overgrown rhododendrons and English laurel were removed a quatrefoil knot garden was installed and planted with roses. Topiary trees, columns, obelisks, gazing globes, and many pieces of sculpture by artists Jill Toberson and Marta Farris add wit and definition to the garden rooms.
A small adjacent property previously owned by the city of Portland was annexed and now is a vegetable garden planted in raised beds. There are plans to add chickens and a chicken coop
Persons associated with the garden include Harry F., William H., and Imogene R. Morrow (former owners, 1934-1981); Sherry and Douglas Fir Woods (former owners, 1983-1991); Mark and Gay Santos (former owners, 1991-1996); Brian Bainnson ASLA (landscape architect); Tarek Ghebllawi (garden pruning); Jill Torberson (garden sculpture); Marta Farris (garden sculpture).
Related Materials:
Teasdale Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (15 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oregon -- Portland  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OR049
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Oregon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb68600e6c5-3f9b-440e-8ec7-6b0981720646
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10145

Erie -- A Touch of Williamsburg

Former owner:
Griswold, Tracy  Search this
Griswold, Maryann  Search this
Sculptress:
Goodacre, Glenna  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
A Touch of Williamsburg (Erie, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Erie -- Erie
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
In 1970 the owners built their house on two and one-quarter acres in a new subdivision on land that had been agricultural, and their growing family played sports in the yard. In the late 1980s the owners began changing the landscape and house to reflect their interests, especially after studying English gardens at Cambridge University, England, and many visits to the recreated colonial gardens in Williamsburg and Monticello in Virginia. The property was planned and planted as a whole, with formal gardens including a kitchen garden replicating the Taliaferro-Cole garden in Williamsburg with its multi-level picket fence. The garden inside the fence is rectilinear with an armillary sphere in the center watched over by the sculpture "The Dog" by Glenna Goodacre. The straight-edged beds are planted in flowers and vegetables, espaliered apple and pear trees and pollarded linden trees along the fence. This part of the property is conceived on a short axis that ends in an obelisk. The long axis of the plan starts at the street and traverses through an allée of crabapple trees towards a reproduction 18th century statue called "Taste." An outbuilding that is used for storage copies the design of a colonial kitchen. A tennis court is flanked by fruit orchards, and an alpine trough garden leads to the garage.
The paths in the fenced garden are comprised of silica and brick, which along with tall hedges, create a micro-climate in the courtyard that is ten degrees warmer than outside the fence. Thus the planting season starts earlier and last longer, and species such as southern magnolia can be grown. Although most of the construction and garden ornaments reflect the colonial style of this garden there are two Lutyens style benches inside the fenced garden from the Arts & Crafts period, and a brightly painted cottage Windsor chair for resting. Rose pots, painted red, are hoisted on top of poles add height and whimsy to the garden.
To keep the garden looking fresh big plants are replaced, especially with one that have sentimental value to the owners. The garden has been photographed, written about and studied by horticultural groups, and the owners are active in local gardening organizations.
Persons associated with the garden include: Tracy and Maryann Griswold (former owners, 1925-1967); Glenna Goodacre (sculptress, 1999).
Related Materials:
A Touch of Williamsburg related holdings consist of 1 folder (41 digital images; 1 photographic print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Erie  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA727
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b68f28a5-f731-4203-a28e-a2529043fa0d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16457

Hunnewell Pinetum

Creator:
Hunnewell, Horatio Hollis  Search this
Hunnewell, Isabella Pratt  Search this
Hunnewell, Walter  Search this
Hunnewell, Maria Luisa  Search this
Walter Hunnewell Pinetum  Search this
Wellesley College  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Massachusetts -- Wellesley
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Norfolk County -- Wellesley
Date:
1930
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Winter  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Hillside planting  Search this
Lakes  Search this
Urns  Search this
Balustrades  Search this
Finials  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Lawn sports  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item MA028046
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts / MA028: Wellesley -- Hunnewell Pinetum
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6505eec8c-f518-4a1d-a4f8-369cac0bb454
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18655

Leesburg -- Little Oatlands

Former owner:
Carter, George  Search this
Carter, George Mrs.  Search this
Carter, George II  Search this
Eustis, William Corcoran  Search this
Eustis, William Corcoran Mrs  Search this
Finley, David E. Jr.  Search this
Finley, Margaret Morton Eustis  Search this
Williams, Dick  Search this
Williams, Joan, Mrs  Search this
Sculptor:
Righetti, Francesco  Search this
Hancock, Walter  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Finley, Margaret Eustis  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Little Oatlands (Leesburg, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Loudoun -- Leesburg
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and biographical information.
General:
Little Oatlands has a two-acre formal garden originally designed in the mid-1930's by the owners David and Margaret Finley, and the garden rooms, allées, stone walls, gazebo, statues and sculptures have been maintained with few changes for 80 years. The first garden room inside the main gate was installed in 1935 and has four parterres bordered with boxwood around a central fountain, originally a sundial. The original English boxwood borders have been replaced with Korean and American box cultivars in this and the other three rooms. Three more garden rooms were developed in 1937: two bisecting cedar allées that lead to a gazebo set over the stone wall, a flowering cherry allée that leads to a wall fountain, and another room with a large planted urn, a statue of St. Francis Assisi and a swath formerly used as a bowling green bordered by statues of the four seasons. A swimming pool was added in 1952. Boxwood hedges define the rooms within the perimeter of stone walls and ornamental iron gates provide entry to the different rooms. Some of the statues and fountains were copied from classical Italian pieces, and the gazebo was copied from one in England. Original sculptures include "Suzanna at the Bath" by Paul Manship and "The Little Shepherd Boy" by Walter Hancock. In addition to the main house there is a guest cottage on the property. Recent work in the gardens includes replanting long borders of ephemeral spring bulbs under the flowering cherry allée.
In the early 18th century this country house was a tenant farmer's stone cottage on the 63,093 acre estate known as Oatlands Plantation. In 1887 the Carter family was forced to sell the large property but continued to own a few cottages and 180 acres, and called it Little Oatlands. Members of the Eustis family have owned this property since 1927 and have enlarged this house and converted the Carter's vegetable garden into the existing formal garden. In 1965 Oatlands mansion, garden and more than 250 surrounding acres were deeded to the National Trust for Historic Preservation with easements for the family.
Persons associated with the garden include George Carter (former owner, 1798-1847); Mrs. George Carter (former owner, 1847-1897); George Carter II (former owner, 1897-1926); Mr. and Mrs. William Corcoran Eustis (former owner, 1927-1932); David E. Finley, Jr. (1890-1977) and Margaret Morton Eustis Finley (1903-1977) (former owners, 1932-1977); Dick and Joan Williams (former owners, 1977-2014); Paul Manship (sculptor, 1947); Francesco Righetti (sculptor); Walter Hancock (sculptor, c. 1960); Margaret Eustis Finley (sculptor, c. 1930)
Related Materials:
Little Oatlands related holdings consist of 2 folders (21 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Leesburg  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA445
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c15ea0bc-5111-4d8e-9aca-e4e55700c2b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18840

Greenacres

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Lloyd, Harold, 1893-1971  Search this
Webber, Staunton, & Spaulding A.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Hanson, A. E. (Archibald Elexis)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
California -- Beverly Hills
United States of America -- California -- Los Angeles County -- Beverly Hills
Date:
05/01/1990
General:
View of stable and carriage house. French farmstead built c. 1925-29 for Gloria's play yard. Arch leads to aviary and monkey house. Pigeons are kept to the left.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Children's playhouses  Search this
Stables  Search this
Gates -- Iron  Search this
Gatehouses  Search this
Balls (Sporting goods)  Search this
Playgrounds  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Arches  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item CA157033
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / California / CA157: Beverly Hills -- Greenacres
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6797843af-4f66-4597-84c0-aa48eb77b4dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref24585

Pasadena -- Vert Garden, The Paul and Charlene

Former owner:
Marshall, John Murray  Search this
Marshall, John Murray, Mrs.  Search this
Jones, Berkeley F., Mrs.  Search this
Jones, Berkeley F.  Search this
McInery, Robert T. , Mrs.  Search this
McInery, Robert T.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Yoch, James J.  Search this
Architect:
Coate, Roland E. Sr  Search this
Hunt, Myron  Search this
Gray, Elmer  Search this
Provenance:
Pasadena Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
The Paul and Charlene Vert Garden (Pasadena, California)
United States of America -- California -- Los Angeles County -- Pasadena
Date:
2017
Scope and Contents:
20 digital images and 1 folder. The folder includes worksheets.
General:
The gardens have been redesigned over more than forty years of ownership to suit the changing lifestyle of the family: a large lawn for sports and a traditional English style border garden have been replaced by formal parterres and fountains connected by gravel and accented by crushed lava stone, unique features, and containers planted with combinations of drought tolerant succulents. The property, which is less than one-half acre, has a craftsman style shingle house built circa 1906 with a formal neo-Georgian portico added twenty years later. The current owners added fencing and a Eugenia hedge around the property as well as a swimming pool, spa pool and raised wooden dining deck in the back garden. Garden renovations start at the curbside where jasmine has been clipped into squared borders around the bases of palm trees. Boxwood parterres on one side of the front garden surround larger boxwood orbs inside Eugenia hedges now 40 feet tall. There are three fountains, four symmetrically placed Chinese ceramic garden stools, and black ceramic containers overflowing with free-form succulents. There is a mirror hung in a niche in the tall hedge and cast iron gates designed by a daughter of the family.
A narrow pea gravel path lined with dwarf mondo grass leads to the back garden, shaded by camellia trees, Japanese maples, cast iron and leopard plants. Trees and shrubs in the back garden include silk oak, ficus benjamina, Chinese elms, pittosporum, strawberry tree, bottlebrush, azaleas, hawthorn, and parlor palms. The back wall of the garden behind the spa is covered with ivy and is the backdrop to two massive black pots planted with agave, an antique French cast iron fire back, and two tall bronze obelisks. The aggregate pebble deck around the pool has cast iron furniture, also designed by the owner's daughter, and silver reflecting balls float in the water. Whimsical and unconventional planters and features, free-form combinations of succulents in the containers, and unusual pairings of plants provide contrast to the formal design of clipped hedges, geometric stone beds and axial pathways.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. John Murray Marshall (former owners, 1906-1932); Mr. and Mrs. Berkeley F. Jones (former owners, 1932-1964); Mr. and Mrs. Robert T. McInery (former owners, 1964-1975); Myron Hunt and Elmer Gray (architects, 1906); Roland E. Coate (architect, 1926); James J. Yoch, Jr. (landscape designer, 1998).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- California -- Pasadena  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CA622
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / California
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6769bc21a-3463-4087-9ae2-bf0d165ed825
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32661

[Wildacre]: the view toward the bocce court and wave topiary privet, looking past the cove to the ocean.

Photographer:
Whitney, Kate Lucey (Kathryn Lucey)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (JPEG file, col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Wildacre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Date:
2013 Sep.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Vista  Search this
Lawn sports  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Ocean  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item RI091008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island / RI091: Newport -- Wildacre
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb629ebf19d-cd99-4c4f-8875-8c6f4151c24c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10778

[Boxwoods (Scotch Plains, New Jersey)]: the wall of the pump house, with Buxus microphylla (sport) espaliered in the shape of a horseshoe.

Photographer:
Hackman, Robert K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Boxwoods (Scotch Plains, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Union County -- Scotch Plains
Date:
1999 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Scotch Plains  Search this
Trees  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Pumping stations  Search this
Outbuildings  Search this
Box  Search this
Espaliers  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NJ135002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey / NJ135: Scotch Plains -- Boxwoods
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d995936b-b95e-4c2e-a991-bc448c70db65
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21112

Greenwich -- Topiary Fancies

Architect:
Kaehler, Laura  Search this
Gardener:
Avalos, Antonia  Search this
Landscape contractor:
Labriola, Larry  Search this
Labriola Nursery & Landscaping  Search this
Landscape architect:
Devore, Diane  Search this
Landscape designer:
Reid, Kate  Search this
Kate Reid Landscape Design, Inc.  Search this
Topiary contractor:
Manning, Steve  Search this
Larkin, Matthew  Search this
Topiary Art Designs  Search this
Black Barn Farm Topiary  Search this
Provenance:
Hortulus Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Topiary Fancies (Greenwich, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Fairfield County -- Greenwich
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, garden and site plans, detailed information about the content of the slides (including plant names), and other information.
General:
An imaginative garden of whimsical topiaries, this two-thirds-acre site combines both traditional and modern elements of design, as does the house it surrounds--a converted barn originally built in the early 1900s but renovated and expanded over the years. The plant material for the topiaries is also both traditional--boxwood--and innovative--a weeping willow. The materials used for the topiaries are always specific to the topiary, such as Carex used for the lions' manes. Each topiary has a unique personality and close scrutiny reveals amazing detail. Jumbo, added in August 2006, sports a howdah and delights his admirers by squirting water into a nearby wading pool. Complementing the topiaries are a variety of trees and shrubs, such as a royal palm near Jumbo. This is a garden that is unique and inventive.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include Laura Kaehler (architect, 1995-2002); Antonia Avalos (gardener, 2000 to date); Larry Labriola (landscape contractor, 2001-2002); Diane Devore (landscape architect, 2001-2002); Kate Reid (landscape designer, 2003); Steve Manning (topiary contractor, 2002); Matthew Larkin (topiary contractor, 2001 to date); Labriola Nursery & Landscaping (landscape contractors, 2001-2002); Kate Reid Landscape Design, Inc. (landscape designers, 2003); Topiary Art Designs (topiary contractors, 2002); and Black Barn Farm Topiary (topiary contractors, 2001 to date).
Related Materials:
Topiary Fancies related holdings consist of 1 folder (17 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Greenwich  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CT346
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66025a675-d42b-4159-8ae7-5fa05871a6da
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref21515

Augusta National Golf Club

Former owner:
Redmond, Dennis  Search this
Berckmans, L. E. M., Dr.  Search this
Berckmans, P. J.  Search this
Fruitland Nurseries (Augusta, Ga.)  Search this
Creator:
Jones, Bobby, 1902-1971  Search this
Architect:
Mackenzie, Alister  Search this
Provenance:
Bush, William G., Mrs.  Search this
Names:
Augusta National Golf Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Georgia -- Augusta
United States of America -- Georgia -- Richmond County -- Augusta
Date:
1930 Nov.
Former Title:
Fruitlands
General:
This property was originally owned by D. Redmond and called "Fruitlands." In 1857, he sold it to the Louis Mathieu Berckman family. The land consisted of 365 acres that were once an indigo plantation. Along with his son Julius Alphonse, an agronomist and horticulturist by profession, they formed a business in 1858 to import trees and plants from various countries.With the Berckman's, the site would later become one of the first commercial nurseries in the South--Fruitlands Nursery. One of the most notable features of the property is the entry avenue that Berckman planted with magnolias. Prosper Berckman was the one that popularized a plant called the azalea. (Sport's Illustrated 9 April 2003) The Berckman's also propagated Ligustrum Amurense, commonly known as privet hedge. Upon Prosper's death in 1910, the business stopped operations. Upon Bobby Jones' retirement after the 1930 U.S. Amateur, Jones set out to create a golf course. In 1932, the Augusta National Golf Club was formed on the site. Dr. Alister MacKenzie designed the golf course and is now home to the Masters.
Gift of Mrs. William Bush.
Historic plate number: "2."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Roads  Search this
Fences  Search this
Trees  Search this
People  Search this
Gardens -- Georgia -- Augusta  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item GA010001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia / GA010: Augusta -- Augusta National Golf Club
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b7e1143e-4122-4960-96f9-d62282785317
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23455

Caumsett

Creator:
Field, Marshall, III  Search this
Long Island State Park Comm  Search this
Caumsett State Park  Search this
Hopkins, John  Search this
Architect:
Pope, John Russell, 1874-1937  Search this
Warner & Wetmore  Search this
Gardener:
Gillies, George, Mr.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Coffin, Marian Cruger, 1876-1957  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Books
Place:
New York (State) -- Huntington
United States of America -- New York -- Suffolk County -- Huntington
Date:
1921
General:
Aslet, Clive. American Country House. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990. 2000 acres - House and sport buildings grouped to the north. Working building clustered around gate lodge to south.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Plan views  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY317006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY317: Huntington -- Caumsett
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61bfcd10a-5aa4-4808-8aac-690714238131
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27739

[The Highlands]: barn on property containing sports equipment.

Photographer:
Batcheller, Hiland G.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
The Highlands (Menands, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Albany County -- Menands
Date:
1940.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Menands  Search this
Barns  Search this
Steeples  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Trees  Search this
Finials  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY471007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY471: Menands -- The Highlands
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6ecd9a753-16c3-432a-8c5a-dad8a0595705
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref27946

Charlottesville -- Frierson Garden, The

Provenance:
Albemarle Garden Club  Search this
Garden designer:
Harriman, Sigrid  Search this
Owner:
Frierson, Melinda Byrd  Search this
Frierson, Henry F.  Search this
Sculptor:
Oba, Toru  Search this
Photographer:
Erler, Catriona Tudor  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Frierson Garden (Charlottesville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Albemarle -- Charlottesville
Scope and Contents:
13 digital images (2013, 2018-2019) and 1 file folder.
General:
Previous owners had gardened this one-fifth acre property with a 1939 Dutch Colonial revival house, and some elements from earlier gardens have been retained by the current owners, including a Japanese maple, cleyera, deutzia, hemlock and Osmanthus, or relocated including a peony, hosta, primroses, snowdrops and Spanish bluebells. Otherwise in 1985 the gardens were overgrown, dying or filled with weeds. After clearing the owners planted a small herb garden and some flowering shrubs but had issues with drainage. They also became interested in boxwood species and cultivars and have gone on to assemble a collection of more than 30 varietals including sports. They hired a stonemason to replace the concrete front walk with soapstone and have continued to employ the artisan Toru Oba to lay a new patio, build a dry stone bed that aids drainage, lay paths, install rockwork including huge blocks that serve as benches or a table, and many other projects. The overgrown foundation beds in front of the house were replaced by four varieties of boxwood: diamond parterres now filled with ferns and taller border plants.

English boxwood declined and were replaced with layers of specimen boxwood and shade perennials. Garden beds were designed to incorporate the boxwood collection along with flowering trees, bulbs and perennials, some propagated by the owners or shared by associates. Zoysia grass was planted for a more durable lawn, gravel or grass paths were replaced with soapstone pavers. The owners have planted pocket gardens in nooks including a bog garden for pitcher plants, sundews and calapogon orchids (grass pinks) in a spot that was hard to mow. A trellis built from tree limbs supports crossvine and yellow jessamine. There still is an herb garden below the back porch with lemon balm, sage, oregano, chives, tarragon, basil, lavender, and mints contained in a strawberry jar. Persons associated with the garden include: Edward F. Gilley (former owner, 1939-1950); Gordon and Mildred Wiley (former owners, 1950-1977); Robert and Tanya Artinian (former owners, 1978-1979); Ellen Thackara (former owner, 1979-1985); Henry F., Jr. and Melinda Byrd Frierson (owners, 1985- ); Sigrid Harriman (garden designer, 1997); Toru Oba (stonemason and sculptor, 1991-2012)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Restricted. No commerical use of images.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charlottesville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA493
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb686c1e951-2b55-41dd-aed7-6622b917e331
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33169

Pasadena -- Wentworth House

Former owner:
Webb, William Edgar  Search this
Webb, Harriet  Search this
Architect:
Austin, John C.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Rios, Mark  Search this
Photographer:
Simmons, Jim  Search this
Provenance:
Pasadena Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- California -- Los Angeles County -- Pasadena
Scope and Contents:
This file contains 28 digital images and 1 folder.
General:
This 1 ¾ acre property was established by the current owners in 1996.The property features a combination of creative hardscape and landscapes that reflect the local Mediterranean climate. The home itself was built in 1909 by architect John C. Austin for Harriet Ada and William Edgar Webb. The current owners worked with Mark Rios to clear all garden hardscape and remove the garage to make space for their garden design. The rectilinear lines that characterize the front of the house are echoed by the low perimeter wall, boxwood hedge, and layered plantings of muhly grass and California field sedge. The concrete left over from renovation demolition was repurposed to form the main hardscape elements of the property: the swimming pool, walkways, and garden walls. The rear terrace juxtaposes bold square concrete pads with organically shaped stepping-stones, acting as a transition from hardscape to landscape.
Major plantings added during renovation were Western sycamores, London planetrees, a variety of roses, and other plants and shrubs. In 2002, the owners purchased the property to the south and used the space to enhance their gardens and added two sports courts. In 2014, they replaced 10,000 square feet of lawn with meadow grasses such as evergreen, red fountain, Linheimer's muhly grass, and porcupine grass. The landscape design allowed for a series of garden "rooms." These various rooms consist of citrus plantings and an elevated vegetable garden, rose and perennial gardens, a podocarpus maze, and an expansive lawn. There are a variety of colorful cooking, dining, and seating areas surrounded by elegant plantings throughout the property. A series of three rectangular garden beds that reflect the colors of the interior décor sit between the rear terrace and outdoor dining room. A gravel walkway adjacent to the pool is framed by a garden of 150 rose bulbs including climbers, grandiflora, floribunda, hybrid tea, and English shrub roses, with wooden archways placed throughout the path.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. William Edgar Webb (former owner, 1909-1922); Harriet Webb (former owner, 1909-1922); Mr. Charles K. Henry (former owner, circa 1923); Walter Farabe (former owner, 1924); Kathleen Farabe (former owner, circa 1924); Jonothan Platt Underwood (former owner, 1924-1926); John C. Austin (architect, 1909); Mark Rios (landscape architect, 1995-ongoing).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- California -- Pasadena  Search this
Wentworth House (Pasadena, California)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File CA222
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / California
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a75cc85e-c4bf-4093-8681-91ac62ee79c5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33250

New Orleans -- Greenbough

Former owner:
Howard, Harry Mrs.  Search this
Sussdorff, Louis (Flores Howard) Mrs.  Search this
McAshan, Kenneth  Search this
McAshan, Allison Crutcher  Search this
Architect of house and garden:
Koch, Richard  Search this
Garden designer:
Hardie, Dorothy (Baby)  Search this
Architect:
Toups, Michael  Search this
Landscape architect:
Myers, Blayney Fox  Search this
Plants:
Taylor, Melinda  Search this
Planting and design:
Fisher, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
New Orleans Town Gardeners, Inc.  Search this
Garden Study Club of New Orleans  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Greenbough (New Orleans, Louisiana)
United States of America -- Louisiana -- Orleans -- New Orleans
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of book excerpts and other material.
General:
Greenbough is an one and one half acre urban property in New Orleans with formal green and white gardens installed by the current owners, who kept and modified features from previous gardens designed for this property. The first owners of the 1932 classical red brick house, built by architect Richard Koch, followed his garden design and used the plants prescribed by society garden designer, Dorothy (Baby) Hardy. The dark green and white plantings included Japanese yew trees, azaleas, sweet olives, jasmine, camellias and boxwood, all typical of elegant southern style. The next owners had the garden redone by landscape architect Blayney Fox Myers, with child- and sports-friendly features and much more color in the flower beds. The trees and shrubs in front of the house were overgrown and choked by volunteers, which were removed. New hedges were planted for privacy, a boxwood border was replanted and the parterres were redefined. A rose bed was planted in front of the house. Hardscape improvements included repairing a slate walkway and adding the brick wall around the property. An allée of crape myrtle trees planted at that time has matured into a feature for this garden.
Since 1997 the current owners have returned to the original formal green and white palette, enlarging the back garden lawn and planting masses of white gardenias and azaleas, with seasonal white flowers planted in parterres or containers and white caladium inserted in borders. Although the L-shaped house has many views into the garden particular attention was given to the areas seen from the al fresco garden room including the hybrid tea rose garden at the front of the house where an extended walk improved access. A tall hedge of Japanese yew and hollies, azaleas and an undulating boxwood border can be viewed across the front lawn, and a Japanese magnolia adds another touch of color. Outside the kitchen formal parterres are planted with herbs and three arches on the garage are draped with Confederate jasmine. There is a flagstone terrace behind the house with steps leading to four formal parterres planted with seasonal white flowers, each containing a statue representing one of the four seasons. The crape myrtle allée stands tall over a gravel walkway next to a large swath of jasmine ground cover. Additional classical statuary, olive jars and Victorian urns from the original garden are featured, along with boxwood clipped into balls and pyramids.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mrs. Harry Howard and Mrs. Louis (Flores Howard) Sussdorff (former owners, 1932-1987); Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth (Allison Crutcher)McAshan (former owners, 1989-1997); Richard Koch (architect of house and garden, 1932); Dorothy (Baby) Hardie (garden designer, 1938); Michael Toups (architect, 1990); Blayney Fox Myers (landscape architect, 1990); Melinda Taylor (plants, 1990); Christopher Fischer (planting and design, 1998).
Related Materials:
Greenbough related holdings consist of 2 folder (2 photographic prints; 85 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Louisiana -- New Orleans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File LA103
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Louisiana
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6ee6836e3-cbce-4c83-85c7-5463554b630b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7914

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Publisher:
American Stereoscopic Co.  Search this
H. C. White Co.  Search this
Killela, J.J.  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
Photographer:
Ponting, Herbert George, 1870-1935  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
White, Clarence W.  Search this
Extent:
160 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Lantern slides
Date:
1895-1921
Summary:
A collection of approximately 28,000 glass plate negatives showing views of a variety of subjects.
Scope and Contents:
The major part of the collection, series 1-4, contains nearly 28,000 glass plates, including original stereoscopic negatives, interpositives, and both negative and positive non-stereoscopic plates used to produce lantern slides and paper prints. The photographs were taken all over the world. The majority are from the Underwood & Underwood active files, but plates from other publishers are also included. Series 5 is a small collection of paper stereographs. Series 6 contains 4 Underwood & Underwood descriptive sales catalogs and 1 H. C. White & Co. catalog (numbers on the Underwood plates correspond to the numbers on catalog captions). Series 7 is apparatus--four stereoscopes.

The approximately 28,000 glass plates in this collection have not been completely inspected at this point due to handling problems associated with asbestos contamination of the collection. A preliminary survey, however, indicated that the selections of images cover the full range of subject matter encompassed by the "Underwood Travel System." The subject matter is most easily comprehended by consulting one of the Underwood sales catalogs which accompany the collection. The catalog captions are arranged geographically, for the most part, and generally represent an organized "tour" which could be purchased as a boxed set, complete with maps and guide book, although individual images could be purchased separately. The catalogs indicate that the Underwood files were continually updated, for extensive modifications in some of the sets can be seen from edition to edition, and actual inspection of published stereographs shows that alternate views with identical Underwood catalog numbers were substituted from time to time, and that new subjects (with new catalog numbers) were sometimes introduced into the sets and old subjects were retired. There are glass plate negatives as well as positives in this collection. The positive images were probably interpositives used for the production of duplicate negatives. Some of the original stereo negatives were cut apart and the images transposed; they were then bound with an additional glass support (in many cases the tape has deteriorated). Half stereo positives also appear in the collection: these probably were intended for use in lantern slide production. Frequently a drawer of plates contains several incarnations of a single image, including the original negative, a copy negative, an interpositive, and a positive lantern slide. In other cases a drawer may contain only a single mode, e.g., original negatives, while corresponding positives and/or lantern slides appear in separate drawers.

A small quantity of the Underwood & Underwood plates are not from the Travel System, but represent humorous and genre subjects which were cataloged and marketed separately. The work of several other publishers, usually without Underwood catalog numbers, is also represented, including H. C. White, American Stereoscopic Company, and J. J. Killela.

The arrangement of the collection seems to reflect a combination of permanent reference storage as well as active use files. The apparent anomalies or inconsistencies probably indicate the pulling of plates from permanent files into temporary work files, and the collection may consist of a combination of permanent storage and temporary working files. As the drawers do not appear to have been renumbered according to any easily discernible pattern, they have become intermixed and rearranged in storage. The contents of each drawer usually have been found in good order, however, and the plates were nearly always arranged numerically,usually with the low numbers at the rear of the drawer and the highest number at the front. As the plates have been rehoused, the reverse numerical order has been corrected. When all the plates have been rehoused and inventoried, consideration will be given to general collection rearrangement and renumbering of the containers, either strictly in numerical order or topically and/or geographically with a numerical sequence within each group.

The collection is in good condition for the most part, although conservation attention will be required. There is a certain amount of emulsion peeling or frilling at the edges of some plates, but this is a condition to which emulsions on glass frequently are prone. A few plates, bound in a sandwich arrangement between cover glass and acetate facing the emulsion, have suffered severe damage, peeling, and image losses through the apparent ferrotyping and sticking of emulsion to the plastic, probably under conditions of high humidity at some stage. There is surprisingly little glass breakage within the collection.

Most of the stereoscopic negatives and many of the positives are defaced with a double "XI' scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right side, as described above in the historical note. Of particular interest and presumed rarity are cards found interfiled with plates in many of the drawers. These cards, filed by Underwood (i.e., catalog) numbers, bear printing'or production dates and notes, along with the unique, chronological accession numbers which the company assigned to each plate, regardless of the "active" number which it might eventually receive. A check mark on a card usually refers to a plate actually in the collection and with which the card is found physically associated; additional accession numbers without check marks listed on the cards possibly refer to variant views which were discarded or may in fact be in the Keystone Mast Collection (pending further research). For ease of handling and in the interest of conservation, the cards have been separated from the plates within each drawer and are arranged as a group at the rear, but can still be located easily. Frequently when a plate and/or its original envelope does not bear both the "active" and accession numbers, the missing number can be located on one of these cards.

Photographers represented include Herbert G. Ponting and Clarence W. White. A photographer and/or publisher named J. J. Killela is also represented.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in seven series. Series 1, 2, and 3 are each divided into negative and positive subseries. Plates are arranged numerically in groups based on geographical and subject content. Controlled at the series level in the finding aid and at the item level in a computer database.

Series 1, H. C. White glass plates

Series 2, American Stereoscpopic Co. glass plates

Series 3, Underwood & Underwood glass plates

Series 4, Broken glass plates

Series 5, Original company catalogs

Series 6, Paper stereographs

Series 7, stereoscopes (viewers)
Biographical / Historical:
Underwood & Underwood was established at Ottawa, Kansas, by the young brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood in 1882. They initially operated as distributors for eastern photographers' stereographs to new markets in the West. Their activities included door to door canvassing with views by Charles Bierstadt, J. F. Jarvis, and Littleton View Co.(1) Underwood & Underwood, Publishers, opened a branch office in Baltimore in 1887.(2)

Soon Underwood & Underwood and other large stereograph publishers began recruiting college students to work as salesmen during summer months (1890). Underwood and Underwood claimed that their organization alone sent out as many as 3,000 college students in one Summer [sic]. With the other ... big companies each employing more than 1,000, it is easy to understand how the countryside of the Nation literally swarmed with stereograph salesmen throughout the summer months! ... The competition between the salesmen themselves was likewise aggressive, with no holds barred. Many successful business and professional men of today relate with considerable pride that they got their start on their careers in this practical and very effective school of salesmanship.(3)

The company moved its main office from Ottawa, Kansas to New York City (1891),(4) and gradually began to publish its own stereographs. Bert Underwood finally took photography lessons from M. Abel in Mentone, France during the same year.(5) B. L. Singley, erstwhile salesman for the Underwood & Underwood and James M. Davis & Co. firms, in 1892 formed the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania, which was to become Underwood & Underwood's chief competitor and imitator.(6)

Underwood & Underwood entered the education market (1895) by producing packaged sets of 100 or more stereographs with descriptive texts.(7) From 1897 the firm employed full time staff photographers as well as free lancers. By 1901 the Underwoods were publishing 25,000 stereographs per day (i.e.,total number of cards). Increasing production levels led them to gain control of the Jarvis, Bierstadt, and William H. Rau photoprinting facilities in 1897 1898.(8)

The Keystone view Company created its own Educational Department in 1898. This division sustained the Keystone View Company past the period of the stereograph's popularity. In this year Underwood & Underwood reprinted Oliver Wendell Holmes's series on the stereograph and stereoscope which originally appeared in The Atlantic Monthly between 1859 and 1863. This eighty page booklet included testimonials from eminent scholars on the value of the stereograph in education. The company had been test marketing what itlater called "The Underwood Travel System." This consisted of a boxed set of stereo views of a country or region, a guide book describing the significance of the places shown, and a map showing their location and the viewpoints from which the stereographs were taken. Captions on the backs of the stereographs were sometimes printed in six languages.(9) As stereographs began to be used in schools as visual aids, the firm promoted its Travel System with endorsements from prominent educators, citing the usage of the system by various schools and universities.(10)

The H. C. White Company, which had manufactured stereoscopes for several decades, entered the stereo publication field in 1899.(11) Much of its production seemed to imitate Underwood & Underwood cards, including typography and the color of mount stock. Underwood & Underwood expanded into news photography by 1910 and gradually decreased its stereographic work. Few new stereo negatives were added to the file after 1912 except for a flurry of activity during the early war years, 1914 1916. The total number of Underwood & Underwood "titles" in stereo were from 30,000 to 40,000 (there might be a substantially larger number of actual negatives, since the files frequently were updated with newer views for old catalog numbers).(12)

Underwood & Underwood sold a portion of its negative file to the educational division of Keystone View Company in 1912,(13) and between 1921 1923 conveyed to this competitor their remaining stereo stock (presumably both cards and negatives) and rights.(14) In addition to its involvement as a news photographic agency, the company eventually opened portrait studios which flourished during the World war II years. A former Smithsonian employee, Vince Connolly, worked for Underwood & Underwood, which competed with Harris & Ewing in general portrait work during that period: he did portraiture and other photography, but says he was unaware of his employer's earlier stereo publishing activities.

Underwood & Underwood donated approximately 6000 negatives to the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts (1964). These photographs are primarily 4" x 5", captioned glass plate and film negatives. The subjects are news events and theatrical, sports, and political subjects of the early 20th century. In a letter to the Smithsonian of March 25, 1966 (in accession number 270586), Mrs. John M. Stratton described another collection of Underwood & Underwood photographs, stating that her husband had been a partner in Underwood & Underwood Illustrations and owned Underwood & Underwood News Photos. In November of the same year Mr. and Mrs. Stratton donated this collection of glass plates by Underwood & Underwood and other publishers to the Division of Photographic History (then the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts) . This material consists of both negative and positive stereographic plates, as well as non stereoscopic plates, chiefly copies made from the stereographs, with some catalogs, stereoscopes, and other material. The donor estimated 12,900 plates, but in 1983 the Smithsonian Institution inventory yielded a total of approximately 28,000 plates.

The Keystone View Company's stereoscopic production continued much later than Underwood & Underwood's. It was not until 1939 when declining interest in stereography led the firm to discontinue stereograph production and enter the field of visual optometrics. The stereoscopic negative collection, including material obtained from Underwood & Underwood and other firms, was placed in storage in concrete vaults. The Mast family of Davenport, Iowa, eventually purchased the collection in 1963, and in 1977 donated the collection to the University of California for its California Museum of Photography in Riverside. The University took physical possession of this vast collection in 1979.(15)

Many of the Underwood & Underwood plates donated by the Strattons (which were transferred to the Archives Center in 1983), in effect have been cancelled by having diagonal lines (double "X" marks) scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right image of each stereo pair (never both sides). These cancellation marks do not appear on the Underwood & Underwood plates in the Keystone Mast Collection in Riverside. This leads to several theories: (a) that these cancellations were in fact the reason that the Smithsonian plates were not purchased by Keystone in either 1912 or 1921, since Keystone clearly intended to use the Underwood material for stereograph production and the defaced plates would be of no value to them for this purpose; or (b), as stereo collector John Waldsmith suggests, that the cancellations were part of an agreement between Underwood & Underwood and Keystone: Keystone may have asked Underwood & Underwood to cancel one side of each stereoscopic plate not being sold to Keystone so that Underwood & Underwood would no longer be able to compete with Keystone in the stereo market. The defaced plates, as well as other material which Keystone did not purchase, apparently remained in Underwood custody and eventually were acquired by Mr. and Mrs. Stratton. The cancellation marks in the Smithsonian's collection are the subject of further conjecture. Edward Earle at Riverside feels that, since Underwood & Underwood sought to abandonded stereograph production much earlier than Keystone's departure from the field in order to enter the non stereoscopic lantern slide market, the cancellation may have served to indicate which side of each sterescopic pair should be converted to lantern slide production use; the existence of the 4" x 5" copy negatives and positives from stereographs in this collection seem to corroborate this. The Underwood & Underwood conversion from stereograph to lantern slide materials seems to coincide with the ascendance of lantern slide projection as visual aids in schools. The company apparently modified the type of photographic product which they published at least partially in recognition of this new educational trend.

NOTES

1. edward W. Earle, ed., Points of View: The Stereograph in America A Cultural @ Visual 'g . E!Ltory, Rochester, F.Y., Th Studies Workshop ress, 1979, p. 60; William Culp Darrah, The World of Stereographs, Gettysburg, Pa., 1979, p. 46.

2. Tbid., p. 62.

3. George E. Hamilton, Oliver Wendell Holmes, His Pioneer SLtuereoscope and Later Industry, New York, New )men Society, 1949, p. 17, quoted in Points of 1=e w:, 6 4 . P.

4. Points of View., p. 66.

5. Darrah, p. 47.

6. points of View, p. 66.

7. Ibid., p. 68.

8. Darrah, p. 47.

9. Points of View, p. 70.

10. Howard S. Becker, "Steteographs: Local, National, and International Art Worlds," in Points of View, p. 95. 11. points of View, p. 72.

12. Darrah, p. 48.

13. Darrah, p. 48, quoted in Points of View, P. 82.

14. Darrah, p. 48.

15. Chris J. Kenney, introduction to "Perspective and the Past: The Keystone Mast Collection," CMP Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1982.
Related Materials:
California Museum of Photography, University of California--Riverside, Riverside, California 92521.

Underwood & Underwood stereographs in this collection and the Smithsonian Underwood & Underwood Collection originally were components of the same company file.
Provenance:
Collection donated by June Stratton (Mrs. John M.) on December 19, 1966.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Traveling sales personnel  Search this
Travel photography -- 1890-1930  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Interpositives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Stereoscopic photographs -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Lantern slides
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0143
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86e358e26-e305-49a6-bf9b-f2d38d995ae0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0143
Online Media:

Mazantini, one of the most famous of bull fighters, and his "cuadrilla" (assistants), at the Bull Ring, Seville. [Active No. 2277: non-stereo photonegative]

Topic:
SPAIN, BULL FIGHT
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Photographer:
McKern  Search this
Names:
Mazantini, matador  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 4".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Seville (Spain)
Spain
Date:
1900
Local Numbers:
RSN 13786

Video number 13061
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.25 [170]. Orig. no. 35305.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Arenas -- Spain  Search this
Athletics -- Spain  Search this
Bullfighters -- Spain  Search this
Sports -- Spain  Search this
Stadia -- Spain  Search this
Bullfights -- Spain  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 13780-13874
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cca03c43-a3dc-43f2-b648-320c417b7406
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref10387

Bull fighters entering the Ring to salute the President, at a bull fight. [No. 2278 : black-and-white stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
SPAIN, BULL FIGHT
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Seville (Spain)
Spain
Local Numbers:
RSN 13787
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.25 [170].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Arenas  Search this
Bullfighters -- Spain  Search this
Sports -- Spain  Search this
Stadia -- Spain  Search this
Bullfights -- Spain  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 13780-13874
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8766d4af5-cac0-44a3-b890-ce5816681389
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref10388

The magnificent bull entering the ring, halts, dazed by the noise of the multitude: Bull fight, Seville. [Active No. 2279 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
SPAIN, BULL FIGHT
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 7"')
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Seville (Spain)
Spain
Local Numbers:
RSN 13788

Video number 13063
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.25 [170].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Arenas -- Spain  Search this
Athletics -- Spain  Search this
Bulls -- Spain  Search this
Bullfighters -- Spain  Search this
Sports -- Spain  Search this
Stadia -- Spain  Search this
Bullfights -- Spain  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 13780-13874
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a514de83-a600-4dd7-a835-d938dee3c97b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref10389

"Capeador" guiding the rushing bull past him with his red cape; Bull fight, Seville. [Active No. 2280 : stereo photonegative.]

Topic:
SPAIN, BULL FIGHT
Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 7".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Seville (Spain) -- 1900-1910
Spain -- 1900-1910
Local Numbers:
RSN 13789
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.25 [170].
Cancelled by scratching.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Arenas  Search this
Bulls  Search this
Bullfighters -- 1900-1910 -- Spain -- Seville  Search this
Sports -- Spain -- Seville -- 1900-1910.  Search this
Stadia -- Spain -- Seville -- 1900-1910.  Search this
Bullfights -- Spain -- Seville  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 13780-13874
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e846c797-899c-491e-ae6d-1c3cf8cc2977
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref10390

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