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Ruth Leah Bunzel Papers

Extent:
13 Linear feet (26 boxes, 2 audio reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1979
Summary:
The bulk of this collection documents the professional life of Ruth Leah Bunzel from the 1940s to 1970s. The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, card files, artwork, and sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of this collection documents the professional life of Ruth Leah Bunzel from the 1940s to 1970s. The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, card files, artwork, and sound recordings. A large portion of the collection is comprised of work from the Chinese project that Bunzel led as part of Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures [RCC]. The collection also contains her paper for the Bureau of Applied Social Research, "Interviewing in National Character Research" (in which she analyzes the methods used in RCC), as well as materials from two spin-offs of RCC--Studies in Soviet Culture and Studies in Contemporary Cultures. Bunzel's relationship with Columbia University is also represented in the collection through her notes as lecturer and adjunct professor at Columbia University, correspondence with her students, and her students' papers. Among her students was Ethel Cutler Freeman, whose letters and assignments can be found in the collection. There are also memos and other materials documenting the activities of the anthropology department and university, as well as their responses to the 1968 student uprising at Columbia. In addition, the collection contains notes from courses Bunzel took with Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict as a graduate student at Columbia.

Other items of significance are the drawings of Hopi and Zuni kachinas that Bunzel collected while in the field in the Southwest and a map of a Tewa village sketched in pencil. The collection does not contain any of her field notes from her work in the Southwest nor from her work in Guatemala or Mexico.

Although Bunzel's writings are not well represented in the collection, there are items of interest such as typescript copies of "Tentative Questionnaire for Handbook of Psychological Leads for Ethnological Field Workers: Economics," her handwritten reminiscence of Boas, and drafts of papers she presented at conferences. Also of interest are notes on her memories of the Abram Kardiner psychocultural seminars (in which she was an early participant), notes from various seminars, and two 1963 sound recordings from an Anthropology and World Affairs regional conference.

Among her notable correspondents in the collection are David F. Aberle, Franziska Boas, Steve Boggs, Paul Bohannan, Joseph Casagrande, Vincent Crapanzano, Harold Driver, Abe Edel, Raymond Fogelson,Morton H. Fried, Ethel Cutler Freeman, Alexander Lesser, Oscar Lewis, George Marcus, Catharine McClellan, Margaret Mead, Lita Fejos Osmundson, George Spindler, Leslie White, Helene Boas Yampolsky, and Mark Zborowski.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 9 series: (1) Correspondence, 1957-1977; (2) Research in Contemporary Cultures, 1947-1954; (3) Columbia University, 1925-1941 & 1956-1969; (4) Writings and Projects, 1929-1968 [Bulk 1960-1968]; (5) Associations, Conferences, & Seminars, 1940-1973; (6) Writings by Others, 1921-1979; (7) Card Files; (8) Artwork; (9) Sound Recordings, 1963
Biographical Note:
Ruth Leah Bunzel was born on April 18, 1898 in New York City. Known as "Bunny" by her friends, she attended Barnard College where she received her B.A. in European History in 1918. With no thought of continuing her education, she acquired a job in 1922 as secretary and editorial assistant to Franz Boas at Columbia University. Esther Goldfrank, who had resigned as Boas's secretary to study anthropology at Columbia, was a friend of one of Bunzel's sisters.

By 1924 Bunzel, herself, was considering a career in anthropology and wanted to observe an anthropologist at work in the field. Since Boas traveled to Europe every summer, Bunzel decided to spend her vacation that year in Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico as a secretary to Ruth Benedict, who would be collecting Zuni mythology. When she informed Boas of her plan, Boas encouraged her to work on her own research rather than spending her time on secretarial work. He suggested that she study art, specifically potters and their pottery. Elsie Clews Parsons objected to Bunzel (who lacked formal training) conducting her own research in Zuni and threatened to withdraw her financial support of Benedict's mythology project. With Boas's firm backing, Parsons eventually relented and Bunzel was allowed to go to Zuni.

That summer, Bunzel arrived in Zuni with papier maché pots she had made for her informants to paint designs on. She observed the potters at work and also made pottery alongside them. After five weeks she felt she had gathered enough information on the Zuni and moved on to study Hopi, San Ildefonso, and Acoma potters. The results of her research would later produce her dissertation, The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art, published in 1929.

When she returned to New York, she began work on a draft of The Pueblo Potter and in 1925 resigned as Boas's secretary to become his student at Columbia University. Although she completed her doctoral work and dissertation in 1927, she was not awarded her PhD until 1929 when the The Pueblo Potter was published. (At the time, the university did not confer doctorates until a student's dissertation had been published.) The Pueblo Potter, a landmark work, was the first anthropological study of art and the individual in culture.

From 1924 to 1929 Bunzel spent several summers and winters in Zuni. Parsons, who had initially opposed her first trip, sponsored Bunzel's second trip, this time to study ceremonialism, and other trips and projects. Bunzel's papers on Zuni ceremonialism as well as creation myths, kachinas, and poetry were published in the 47th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1932). Flora Zuni and her family, with whom Bunzel lived when she was in the field, formally adopted her and initiated her into their clan, the Beaver clan. They gave her the Zuni name Maiatitsa, which means "blue bird," a reference to the blue smock that Bunzel often wore while making pottery. Bunzel's second Zuni name, Tsatitsa, was given to her by her primary informant and former governor of the pueblo, Nick Tumaka. After a decade long absence, Bunzel returned to Zuni for her last time in 1939 to study child development.

Having studied the Southwest, Bunzel felt it was natural to also study Mexico. During her interview for a Guggenheim Fellowship, however, the chairman of the foundation persuaded her to study Guatemala, instead, as no American anthropologist had done much work in the area. As a result, from 1930 to 1932 she studied the Highland Mayan village of Santo Tomas Chichicastenango. Her work there resulted in Chichicastenango, A Guatemalan Village, published in 1952. From 1936 to 1937 she also did fieldwork in the village of Chamula in Chiapas, Mexico. Her 1940 article "The Role of Alcoholism in Two Central American Communities" was a comparative study of Chichicastenango and Chamula. During World War II, Bunzel worked in England for the U.S. Government Office of War Information from 1942 to 1945. Having spent some time in Spain during the late 1930s improving her Spanish, she translated broadcasts for Spain as well as incoming broadcasts.

When she returned to New York after the war, she became involved in the Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures project [RCC]. Directed by Ruth Benedict and funded by the Office of Naval Research, RCC was composed of research groups, each studying a different culture. From 1947 to 1951, Bunzel led the group studying China, which involved interviewing Chinese immigrants in New York City. The project produced several papers, including her unpublished manuscripts, Explorations in Chinese Culture and An Anthropological Approach to Chinese Communism, which she co-authored with John Hast Weakland.

Early in her career, Bunzel was a lecturer at Barnard College (1929-1930) and at Columbia University (1933-1935, 1937-1940). It was not until 1953 that she was hired as an Adjunct Professor at Columbia. Although the university's official appointment card lists Bunzel as having retired in 1966, she continued to teach at Columbia University after her retirement.

On January 14, 1990, Bunzel passed away at the age of 91.

Sources Consulted

Babcock, Barbara A. and Nancy Parezo. "Ruth Bunzel." Daughters of the Desert. University of New Mexico. 1988.

Fawcett, David M. and Teri McLuhan. "Ruth Leah Bunzel." Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies. Ed. Ute Gacs, et al. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Chronology

1898 -- Born April 18 in New York, New York

1918 -- Earns B.A. from Barnard College in European History

1922-1924 -- Secretary and editorial assistant to Franz Boas

1924 -- First trip to Zuni, New Mexico

1925 -- Enrolls in Columbia University's graduate program in anthropology

1925-1929 -- Spends summers and winters conducting fieldwork among the Zuni

1927-1928 -- Studies at University of Chicago

1928-1943 -- Executive Committee Board of AAA

1929 -- Studies at the National University of Mexico Publication of dissertation, The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art Receives Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1929-1930 -- Lecturer at Barnard College

1930-1932 -- Fieldwork in Chichicastenango, Guatemala

1933-1935 -- Lecturer, General Studies and Summer Session, Columbia University

1936-1937 -- Lecturer, General Studies and Summer Session, Columbia University

1939 -- Fieldwork in Zuni studying child development

1942-1945 -- Social Scientist U.S. Government Office of War Information, Propoganda Analysis

1947-1951 -- Director of Chinese Project of Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures

1951-1952 -- Works on Bureau of Applied Social Research project on techniques of interviewing

1953 -- Adjunct Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University

1955 -- Research Associate, Institute of Intercultural Studies

1962 -- Teaching-consultant, Columbia University School of Nursing

1969-1987 -- Senior Research Associate, Columbia University

1974-1976 -- Chair, Section H, AAAS

1990 -- Dies January 14 in New York City at the age of 91

Selected Bibliography

1929 -- The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art. New York: Columbia University Press.

1932 -- "Zuni Ritual Poetry." Ibid. "Introduction to Zuni Ceremonialism." 47th Annual Report, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution. Washington: Government Printing Office. "Zuni Creation Myths." Ibid. "Zuni Katchinas." Ibid.

1933 -- Zuni Texts. Publications of the American Ethnological Society, Vol. 15. New York: G.E. Stechert and Company.

1938 -- "Zuni Grammar." Handbook of American Indian Languages, Vol. 3. New York: Columbia University Press. "The Economic Organization of Primitive People." Ibid. "Primitive Art." General Anthropology. Boston: D.C. Heath .

1940 -- "The Role of Alcoholism in Two Central American Communities." Psychiatry, Vol 33, pp. 361-387.

1950 -- Explorations in Chinese Culture. Research in Contemporary Cultures, Columbia University. (unpublished report)

1952 -- Chichicastenango, A Guatemalan Village. Publications of the American Ethnological Society, Vol 22. Locust Valley, New York: J. J. Auigustin. with John Weakland. An Anthropological Approach to Chinese Communism. Research in Contemporary Cultures, Columbia University. (unpublished report)

1960 -- edited with Margaret Mead. The Golden Age of American Anthropology. New York: George Braziller.

1966 -- "May Mandelbaum Edel 1909-1964." American Anthropologist, Vol 68, No. 4, pp. 986-989.

1976 -- "Chamula and Chichicastenango: A Reexamination." Cross-Cultural Approaches to the Study of Alcohol. The Hague: Mouton.
Related Collections:
Other materials relating to Ruth Bunzel at the National Anthropological Archives include kachina drawings in MS 4609; correspondence with the Bureau of American Ethnology in MS 4846 and the Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology; and a photograph of Bunzel in Photographic Lot 92-35. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of Bunzel (HSFA 89.10.8) which was created as part of the "History of Anthropology Series" produced by the University of Florida's Department of Anthropology.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Columbia University's Department of Anthropology.
Restrictions:
Materials with student grades were separated and have been restricted. Most of the restricted materials are not open for access until 2030.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Identifier:
NAA.2006-22
See more items in:
Ruth Leah Bunzel Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e2f32aa-f779-467d-97b8-590122f214fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-22

Bell

Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 3 in; 12.7 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
Bell
Place made:
Spain
Date made:
1800 - 1899
ID Number:
MI.214717
Catalog number:
214717
Accession number:
38947
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Musical Instruments
Percussion
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-5346-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_606985

Spain

Collection Creator:
McCray, Porter A., 1908-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1972
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Porter A. McCray Papers, 1936-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Porter A. McCray papers
Porter A. McCray papers / Series 3: Writings and Notes / Trip Notes
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw965e94183-a7c7-4a86-afb6-116278acdf04
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccrport-ref134

Gibraltar Rock from Queen of Spain's chair

Creator:
V. B. Cumbo (Gibraltar)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Gibraltar
Gibraltar, -- Gibraltar
Date:
circa 1920
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on recto reads: "Gibraltar. Rock from Queen of Spain's chair."
Printed text on verso reads: "V. B. Cumbo, Gibraltar."
Local Numbers:
EEPA GI-14-10
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Landscapes -- natural  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA GI 2012-001-0850
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 51: Non-Africa / 51.1: Gibraltar (GI)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo781900a40-e9b6-4f73-a4af-de283d8c592f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref4694

Monrovia Liberia's folklore, national feast

Creator:
Masri Studio (Monrovia)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 10 x 15 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Liberia
Liberia, -- Montserrado County, -- Monrovia
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 139 Monrovia / Liberia's Folklore, National Feast. / Folklore de Liberia, Fête Nationale / Volkskunde von Liberia, Volksfert."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Masri Studio - Monrovia (Liberia) / Broad Street P.O. Box 741 / Prohibida la reproduction - Depósito Legal B. 27409-XIII / Postales Escudo de Oro / Ediciones [FISA] Piqué, 4 - Barcelona / Impreso en España - Printed in Spain."
Manuscript on adhesive label on verso reads: "Abrams."
Local Numbers:
EEPA LB-08-02
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Dance  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA LB 2012-001-1205
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 24: Liberia (LB)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo72ace3bd9-1894-4f04-afb6-7082d83b2917
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5449

Monrovia Liberia's folklore, national feast

Creator:
Masri Studio (Monrovia)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 15 x 10 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Liberia
Liberia, -- Montserrado County, -- Monrovia
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 131 Monrovia / Liberia's Folklore, National Feast. / Folklore de Liberia, Fête Nationale / Volkskunde von Liberia, Volksfert."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Masri Studio - Monrovia (Liberia) / Broad Street P.O. Box 741 / Prohibida la reproduction - Depósito Legal B. 27409-XIII / Postales Escudo de Oro / Ediciones [FISA] Piqué, 4 - Barcelona / Impreso en España - Printed in Spain."
Manuscript on adhesive label on verso reads: "Abrams."
Local Numbers:
EEPA LB-08-03
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Dance  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA LB 2012-001-1206
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 24: Liberia (LB)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo73cc4120e-742c-4cba-9fba-a63f8977be76
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5450

Monrovia Liberia's folklore, national feast

Creator:
Masri Studio (Monrovia)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 15 x 10 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Liberia
Liberia, -- Montserrado County, -- Monrovia
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 135 Monrovia / Liberia's Folklore, National Feast. / Folklore de Liberia, Fête Nationale / Volkskunde von Liberia, Volksfert."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Masri Studio - Monrovia (Liberia) / Broad Street P.O. Box 741 / Prohibida la reproduction - Depósito Legal B. 27409-XIII / Postales Escudo de Oro / Ediciones [FISA] Piqué, 4 - Barcelona / Impreso en España - Printed in Spain."
Manuscript on adhesive label on verso reads: "Abrams."
Local Numbers:
EEPA LB-08-04
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Dance  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA LB 2012-001-1207
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 24: Liberia (LB)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7885e1621-3858-48de-820a-dc4c8a742890
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5451

Artisanat Chez les tisserands

Creator:
Cisse, Diango (photographer, Bamako, Mali)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 15 x 10.5 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Date:
circa 1980
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 74 - Artisanat / Chez les tisserands."
Translated caption reads: "N⁰ 74 Craftsmanship / At the weavers."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Photo: Diango Cisse B.P. 92 - Bamako (Mali) / Dep. Legal V. 36.123-XXVIII - Printed in Spain."
Local Numbers:
EEPA ML-04-02
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Weavers  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2010-008-3789
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo79c44cb56-7877-4361-968d-e56ef2b32706
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5989

I [love] Mopti Republique du Mali

Creator:
Cisse, Diango (photographer, Bamako, Mali)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 10.5 x 15 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Mali, -- Mopti Region, -- Mopti
Date:
circa 1987
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on recto reads: "I [love] Mopti."
On recto "[love]" appears as a heart.
Printed caption on verso reads: "AF/019 - Republique du Mali."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Photo: Diango Cisse B.P. 92 - Bamako (Mali) Reproduction interdite / Dep. Legal B. 28.034-1987- Printed in Spain."
Dated manuscript message, address, and postmarked postage stamp on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA ML-07-15
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Marketplaces  Search this
Portrait photography -- Africa  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2010-008-3791
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo74c98b6bb-a8fb-427f-94fd-5ee63fd6abcf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref5991

Masque de dance Bambara (Region de Segou)

Creator:
Cisse, Diango (photographer, Bamako, Mali)  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 15 x 10.5 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Mali
Mali, -- Ségou Region
Date:
circa 1980
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 51 - Masque de Dance / Bambara (Region de Segou)."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Photo: Diango Cisse B.P. 92 - Bamako (Mali) / Dep. Legal B. 27.646-XXVIII - Printed in Spain."
Local Numbers:
EEPA ML-17-03
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Costume  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA ML 2012-001-1602
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 28: Mali (ML)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77fee44ae-c21f-4977-93b6-0fddf59874e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6016

Morocco Vista de Melilla

Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., col., 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Morocco
Spain
Spain, -- Mellila
Date:
[ca. 1904]
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on recto reads: "Vista del Melilla. - 1."
Translated caption reads: ''View of Melilla''. Recto signature reads: ''F. Sanchez- 27-6-04''. Verso reads: ''Mademoiselle Maria Lou Pinto - Rue Directa- Aveiro- Portugal." Postmarked postage stamp on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA MR-07-64
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA MR 1995-0007-57
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 30: Morocco (MR)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo723334c1f-13a6-4189-9540-3eae9571bd92
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6131

Marruecos Tipico Artesania Marroqui

Creator:
Komaroc SA  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 10.25 x 14.75 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Morocco
Date:
circa 1982
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "N⁰ 45 Marruecos Tipico - Maroc Typique - Typical Morocco; Artesania Marroqui; Artisanat Marocain; Maroccan Artisanate."
Translated caption reads: "Typical Morocco; Moroccan crafts."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "Komaroc SA; Reproduction interdite; FISA - I.G. - Pafaudaries, 26 - Barcelona - Printed in Spain; Postales Escudo de Oro."
Postmarked postage stamps on verso; manuscript message and address on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA MR-16-39
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Marketplaces  Search this
Costume -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA MR 2000-007-1069
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 30: Morocco (MR)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7dda5cdc6-4822-4ac9-bb2f-9470eb524ba1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6167

Ceuta Una vista de la hermosa ciudad

Extent:
1 Postcard (photograph, b&w, 8 x 13.5 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Morocco
Spain
Spain, -- Ceuta
Date:
circa 1910
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "Ceuta - Una vista de la hermosa ciudad [text not legible] de Africa / View of Ceuta, Spanish Possession West Africa." Photographic paper manufacturer's logo on verso, reads: "Gevaert."
Local Numbers:
EEPA MR-06-19
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cityscape photography  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA MR 2012-001-0483
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 30: Morocco (MR)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo71dc869db-2cba-47bd-a0d6-7d899c353ba3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6190

Old Zaria landscape near Farokwe

Creator:
Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Information  Search this
Extent:
1 Postcard (halftone., col., 10.5 x 15 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Nigeria -- Kaduna -- Zaria
Date:
[ca. 1972]
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption on verso reads: "Old Zaria landscape near Farokwe."
Additional printed text on verso reads: "3M/72/002 Copyrigth[sic]. Ministry of Information N. C. State Nigeria; Printed in Spain; Dep. legal B. 11 241 - 1972."
Manuscript message, address, and postmarked postage stamps on verso.
Local Numbers:
EEPA NR-14-05
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Landscapes -- natural  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA NR 2000-007-1068
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 34: Nigeria (NR)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7ea5f2017-9749-4e37-9b4b-f07a22d49029
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref6926

Cueta Puente de la Almina

Extent:
1 Postcard (collotype., b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Spain
Date:
[ca. 1940]
Scope and Contents:
Printed text on recto reads: "Cueta - Puente de la Almina."
Manuscript, address and postmarked postage stamp on verso. Postmark possibly dated 1934. Printed series number on verso: "24."
General:
Title source: Postcard caption.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transportation -- Africa  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Waterways  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA SP 2011-001-0002
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 51: Non-Africa / 51.3: Other
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b746eadb-7f52-4954-a108-718eaa211f5f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref8024

The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb617385372-1028-4cb7-b07d-04fea2e51c47
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Palm Beach -- Quinta Marina

Former owner:
Woodhouse, Lorenzo G.  Search this
Woodhouse, Lorenzo E. Mrs.  Search this
Mason, Paul A., Mrs.  Search this
Hammer, Cathleen  Search this
Clark, James H.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Wheelock, Morgan  Search this
Nievera, Mario  Search this
Architect:
Wyeth, Marion Sims  Search this
Marton, Harold H.  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Palm Beach  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Quinta Marina (Palm Beach, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach
Scope and Contents:
The folders includes worksheets.
General:
The gardens at Quinta Marina have been edited by the current owners, so fewer bright colors and dense clusters of plants compete with the landmarked architecture of the house, in the Spanish Baroque style with Moorish influence. There are stately palms and a mature banyan tree, a sea grape and a dracaena marginata at precarious angles blown over by storms, smaller palm varieties and bromeliads planted in containers and lush green lawns within the five-foot tall stucco walls that surround the approximately three-quarter acre property. The understory is comprised of many varieties of tropical plants, including crotons, begonias, white birds-of-paradise, and ginger. Varieties of ficus cover walls and are used to edge beds. Several orchids and bromeliads have been mounted on the trunks of mature trees, some of which are draped with Spanish moss. A tiled wall fountain feeds into a lily pond and long reflecting pool inspired by a rill in an Alhambra garden in Granada, Spain. A pair of large bright blue pots frames the view of this fountain but the owner changed other pots to terra cotta so they would not compete with the architecture. There is another tiled fountain in the coquina stone courtyard and a terra cotta wall fountain near the swimming pool.
Quinta Marina was designed in 1924 by Harold H. Martin (1879-1952) and was the only house in Palm Beach designed by the California architect. A decade later Palm Beach architect Marion Sims Wyeth (1889-1982) changed windows. The house was given landmark status in 1991.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Lorenzo Woodhouse (former owners, 1924-circa 1960); Mrs. Paul A. Mason (former owner, 1963-1991); G.A. Seelbinder and Cathleen Hammer (former owners, 1992-1997); James H. Clark (former owner, 1998-2003); Harold H. Martin (1879-1952) (architect, 1924); Marion Sims Wyeth (1889-1982) (architect, 1934); Mario Nievera (landscape architect, 1997-2000, 2004); Morgan Wheelock (landscape architect, 2012-2013).
Related Materials:
Quinta Marina related holdings consist of 2 folders (3 lantern slides and 14 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Palm Beach  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb60b3e8867-bf05-405b-a2e6-41debb98548f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11987

Casa Ananda

Creator:
Kay, Alfred G.  Search this
Kay, Elizabeth  Search this
Garden Club of Palm Beach  Search this
Architect:
Mizner, Addison  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Florida -- Palm Beach
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach County -- Palm Beach
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
From the pergola, one descends into a lower garden, reminiscent of a covent garden in old Spain. Looking up at the house, the main feature is a very old bougainvillea vine which is constantly in bloom. The wall below the steps is covered by a mass of beloperone. Griswold, Mac and Weller, Eleanor. Golden Age of American Gardens. N. Y., N. Y.: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. in association with the Garden Club of America, 1991.
Historic plate number: "18, 43."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Vines  Search this
Bougainvillea  Search this
Loggias  Search this
Beloperone  Search this
Houses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL004005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL004: Palm Beach -- Casa Ananda
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61f6a6214-ffe9-4c7f-86a1-3ace7013752f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12201

[Quinta Marina]: the tiled wall fountain and pool were inspired by the Alhambra in Spain.

Photographer:
Lehman, Gay N.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Quinta Marina (Palm Beach, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach
Date:
2014 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Palm Beach  Search this
Palms  Search this
Begonias  Search this
Reflecting pools  Search this
Wall fountains  Search this
Walls, plastered  Search this
Tiles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL016010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL016: Palm Beach -- Quinta Marina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6401b2373-47fb-4361-91f6-9d86a67ce4fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12227

Lagomar

Creator:
Rea, Henry R.  Search this
Architect:
Mizner, Addison  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Florida -- Palm Beach
United States of America -- Florida -- Palm Beach County -- Palm Beach
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
This garden inspired by the garden at Generalife, Grenada, Spain. The arches are Gothic.
Historic plate number: "4 [46 on dup]."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Water gardens  Search this
Canals  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Water jets  Search this
Arches  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Containers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL029001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL029: Palm Beach -- Lagomar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e546969f-b8cc-4276-9d28-92491a268c31
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12248

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