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Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair

Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
130 Cubic feet (417 boxes, 25 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Souvenirs
Photographs
Pamphlets
Guidebooks
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters
Place:
Flushing Meadows Park (New York, N.Y.)
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1835-2000, undated
Summary:
Collection documents the 1939 New York World's Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York. Also includes material relating to other fairs, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO), New York City tourism and The Walt Disney Company.
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily documents the conception, planning, construction, management, and operations of the 1939 New York World's Fair located in Flushing Meadows, New York. Materials provide historical context and cultural significance as recorded in publications, artwork, photographs, ephemera, postcards, maps, plans, exhibitor's literature, souvenirs, and motion picture film. Most of the materials were primarily created for people who attended the fair. Some of the materials include scrapbooks created by fair visitors to document their experiences. There is a significant amount of material relating to other fairs, New York tourism, the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society. Other forms of entertainment such as festivals, the Olympic games, and Disney World are also found among these materials. There is little information relating to Edward Orth's personal and professional life as a city planner. The collection is arranged into eleven series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eleven series.

Series 1, Edward J. Orth Personal Papers, 1915-1989, undated

Subseries 1.1, Correspondence, 1939-1989

Subseries 1.2, Other Materials, 1915-1989, undated

Series 2, Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and World's Fair Collector's Society, Incorporated Records, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.1, General Information, 1960-1988, undated

Subseries 2.2, Correspondence, 1942-1990, undated

Subseries 2.3, Classified and Wanted Advertisements, 1956-1988, undated

Subseries 2.4, Financial Records, 1976-1989

Subseries 2.5, Newsletters, 1969-1988, undated

Subseries 2.6, Membership Materials, 1970s-1989, undated

Series 3, New York World's Fair, Incorporated Records, 1900-1988, undated

Subseries 3.1, Administrative Files, 1900-1977, undated

Subseries 3.2, Amusement Zone, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 3.3, Communications and Business Systems Zone, 1939-1965, undated

Subseries 3.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1949, undated

Subseries 3.5, Food Zone, 1939-1975

Subseries 3.6, Government Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.7, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.8, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940

Subseries 3.9, Ephemera, 1938-1988, undated

Series 4, Photographic Materials, 1939-1968, undated

Subseries 4.1, General, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.2, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.3, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.4, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.5, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.6, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.7, Government Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.10, Miscellaneous, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.11, Oversize Photographs, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.12, Color Slides, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 4.13, Color Transparencies, 1940-1942, undated

Subseries 4.14, Edward Orth, 1967-1968

Series 5, Scrapbooks, 1938-1981

Series 6, Postcards, 1906-1985, undated

Subseries 6.1, Amusement Area, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.2, Business Systems Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.3, Communications Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.4, Community Interest Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.5, Food Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.6, Government Zone, International, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.7, Government Zone, Federal and States, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.8, Production and Distribution Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.9, Transportation Zone, 1939-1940, undated

Subseries 6.10, General, 1940, undated

Subseries 6.11, By Type, 1906-1985, undated

Series 7, Publications Related to World's Fairs, 1922-1989, undated

Subseries 7.1, Magazines, 1922-1988, undated

Subseries 7.2, Newspaper Articles, 1935-1989, undated

Subseries 7.3, Other Publications, 1937-1989, undated

Subseries 7.4, Other Subjects, 1962-1989

Series 8, Materials Relating to Other Fairs, 1851-2000, undated

Subseries 8.1, Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or Crystal Palace Exhibition, 1851

Subseries 8.2, Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, 1853-1853

Subseries 8.3, International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine or Centennial International Exhibition, 1876

Subseries 8.4, World's Columbian Exposition or Chicago World's Fair, 1893

Subseries 8.5, Exposition Internationale D'Anvers, Antwerp, Belgium

Subseries 8.6, Tennessee Centennial and International Exposition, 1897

Subseries 8.7, Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898

Subseries 8.8, Expositions, 1901

Subseries 8.9, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1906

Subseries 8.10, Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, 1907

Subseries 8.11, Alaska, Yukon, Pacific Exposition, 1909

Subseries 8.12, Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916

Subseries 8.13, Bronx International Exposition of Science, Arts, and Industries, 1918

Subseries 8.14, Sesquicentennial Exposition, 1926

Subseries 8.15, Barcelona International Exposition, 1929

Subseries 8.16, L'Exposition Coloniale, Paris, 1931

Subseries 8.17, Olympics, 1932

Subseries 8.18, A Century of Progress International Exposition, 1933

Subseries 8.19, Expositions, 1933-1935

Subseries 8.20, Expositions, 1936-1937

Subseries 8.21, Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne, 1937

Subseries 8.22, Golden Gate International Exposition, 1939

Subseries 8.23, Festival of Britain, Britain, London, United Kingdom, 1951

Subseries 8.24, Milan Fair, 1955

Subseries 8.25, Exposition Universelle et venti Internationale de Bruxelles, 1958

Subseries 8.26, American National Exhibition, 1959

Subseries 8.27, New York's World Fair, 1961-1977, undated

Subseries 8.28, Century 21 Exhibition, 1961-1962

Subseries 8.29, International and Universal Exposition or Expo 67, 1967

Subseries 8.30, Long Beach, California, 1967-1968

Subseries 8.31, HemisFair 68, 1968

Subseries 8.32, Expo 70 or Japan World Exposition, 1970

Subseries 8.33, Expo 74 or International Exposition on the Environment

Subseries 8.34, Expo 75 or International Ocean Exposition, 1975

Subseries 8.35, American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976, 1976

Subseries 8.36, Queen's Bicentennial Festival, 1975-1976

Subseries 8.37, Plovdiv International Exhibition of 1981 or Expo 81

Subseries 8.38, Kobe Port Island Exposition or Portopia 81, 1981

Subseries 8.39, Knoxville International Energy Exposition or 1982 World's Fair, 1982

Subseries 8.40, Louisiana World Exposition, 1984

Subseries 8.41, Games of the XXIII Olympiad, 1984

Subseries 8.42, The International Exposition, Tsukuba, Japan or The International Science Technology Exposition, 1985

Subseries 8.43, Queen's Festival, 1985

Subseries 8.44, 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication or Expo 86, 1986

Subseries 8.45, World Expo 88, 1988

Subseries 8.46, Universal Exposition of Seville or Expo 92, 1992

Subseries 8.47, Expo 2000, 2000

Subseries 8.48, Other Events and Celebrations, 1886-1989

Subseries 8.49, Combined Fairs, 1968-1994

Subseries 8.50, General information about world's fairs, 1964-1980

Series 9, Ephemera, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.1, New York and New York World's Fair, 1892-1989, undated

Subseries 9.2, Other States and Countries, 1835, 1939, undated

Subseries 9.3, Motion Picture Film and Entertainment, 1937-1981, undated

Series 10, Audio Visual Materials, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.1, Moving Images, 1939, 1964-1965, undated

Subseries 10.2, Sound Recordings, undated

Series 11, Oversize, 1835-1992, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Biographical / Historical

Edward Joseph Orth grew up with a strong interest in history, particularly the history of the 1939 New York World's Fair. Orth's visit to the fair as a twelve-year-old boy led to a life-long passion of collecting. At the time of his death, he had amassed enough materials to fill two homes in California. Orth also collected materials from several other fairs. In addition, he saved some of the records of the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO) and the World's Fair Collector's Society.

Orth was born April 19, 1927, to Andrew Joseph Orth and Florence Minnie Gordon Orth in Glendale, New York. In the 1930s, the Orth family lived in several locations in New York including Ridgewood, Brooklyn, Glendale, and Queens. The home that made the most impact in young Orth's life came in 1935 when the family moved to St. Albans, Queens seven miles from Flushing Meadow Park, the future site of the 1939 fair. Sadly in 1939 there were several deaths in the family including three grandparents. The severe loss of life limited family social activities but a drive by the future site of the fair provided Orth a glimpse of the Trylon and Perisphere. He would later remark that the sight appeared to be magic. In the summer of 1939, he went to the fair with his classmates from Public School 136. The next summer Orth and his father purchased a 10-admission ticket from an elementary school in Hollis, Queens, New York. He saved every souvenir and any information he could find about the fair. He filled scrapbooks with images from newspapers and postcards from the Curt Teich and Manhattan Postcard companies. When his family moved from an apartment to a house, he acquired a fair bench which was kept in the backyard.

In 1941, Orth attended Newton High School in Elmhurst, and Queens, New York. The high school offered a college preparatory program with heavy emphasis on mathematics, science, mechanical drawing, and workshop courses. Orth's education and training combined with the knowledge he gained from motion picture films viewed at the fair, including Thomas Edison's "The City of Light," Ford Motor Company's "Road of Tomorrow," "Democracy," and General Motors' "Futurama" provided the foundation and inspiration for a career in architecture and landscaping. He ultimately became a city planner for the state of California. By 1943, Orth was exploring used magazine and bookstores in New York City to acquire more fair materials before enlisting in the United States Army in 1945. Upon his discharge he resumed buying and trading fair postcards. From 1948-1953, Orth attended the University of California and the University of Connecticut where he studied architecture and landscape design. During these years he posted advertisements in various publications in his continued pursue for fair materials.

In March 1953, Mr. Orth moved to Los Angeles, California. There he formed lasting friendships with other collectors. By 1967, Orth and several of his closest friends including Peter Warner, Oscar Hengstler, David Oats, Larry Zim, and Ernest Weidhaas conceived the idea of a fair collector's organization. By the summer of 1968, the group had formally created the Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization (ECHO).

As time passed Orth became increasing concerned about the welfare of his collection. He wanted it to go to a museum rather than be sold in parts. In his will he stipulated that the collection would be given to the Smithsonian Institution upon his death. Jon Zackman, former Smithsonian employee, interviewed Orth's brother George and fair collector Peter Warner. Orth and Warner corresponded and traded objects over many years. Mr. Orth primarily covered the west coast area while Peter Warner was his east coast counterpart. Edward Orth died on September 6,1989 in Los Angeles, California at the age of sixty-two.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0134

Landor Design Collection, NMAH.AC.0500

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subject Category, World Expos, NMAH.AC.0060

Larry Zim World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0519

Alice R. Hillis World's Fair Film, NMAH.AC.0531

Borden Company 1939 New York World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.1063

Memories of the New York World's Fair, NMAH.AC.0592

Archives Center World Expositions Collection, NMAH.AC.0825

Daniel H. Meyerson World's Fair Collection, NMAH.AC.0745

Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection, NMAH.AC.1132

Princeton University Posters Collection, NMAH.AC.0433

Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records, NMAH.AC.0395

Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, NMAH.AC.0417

Messmore and Damon Company Records, NMAH.AC.0846

Thomas Norrell Railroad Collection, NMAH.AC.1174

William L. Bird Holidays on Display Collection, NMAH.AC.1288

Wurlitzer Company Records, NMAH.AC.0469

Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, NMAH.AC.0200

Materials at Other Organizations

New York Public Library The New York World's Fair 1939 and 1940 Incorporated Records, 1935-1945, MssCol 2233.

New York City 1939 World's Fair architectural drawings, circa 1935. Museum of the City of New York. Museum of the City of New York.

New York City 1939 World's Fair Collection, 1939-1940. Museum of the City of New York. New York World's Fair 1939/40 Collection. Queens Museum.

1939 New York World's Fair Postcards, Identifier: 1972-320, Audiovisual Collections Repository, Hagley Museum & Library
Separated Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts from the collection include several thousand souvenirs and examples of memorabilia commemorating the fair to include buttons and badges, ceramics, glassware, clothing, costume jewelry, coins and medals, commemorative spoons and flatware, toys and games, and philatelic material which are all part of the Division of Home and Community Life's holdings (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Amusement parks--History  Search this
Amusement parks--New York (State)--History  Search this
Architecture--Exhibitions  Search this
Architecture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Architecture--United States--Designs and plans  Search this
Burlesque shows--New York (State)--New York--1930-1940  Search this
Business history Business enterprises--United States--History  Search this
Chicago's Century of Progress  Search this
Construction and civil engineering  Search this
Construction industry--United States--Management--History  Search this
Corporate culture--History  Search this
Corporate culture--United States  Search this
Engineering--History--20th century  Search this
Exhibition buildings – New York (State) – New York  Search this
Exhibition buildings--1920-1940  Search this
Exhibitions -- Design  Search this
Fairs -- New York (State) -- New York -- History  Search this
Fashion--History--20th century  Search this
Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (New York, N.Y.)--History  Search this
Food in popular culture--New York (State)--New York  Search this
Graphic arts--United States--History--20th century  Search this
International exhibitions  Search this
International Exhibitions Bureau  Search this
Lighting, Architectural and decorative--History--20th century  Search this
Technology -- United States -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Transportation--New York Metropolitan Area--Planning  Search this
Transportation--New York (State)  Search this
United States --Foreign relations --1933-1945  Search this
Urban parks--United States--History  Search this
Urban design  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- United States  Search this
Consumerism  Search this
Consumers--History--20th century  Search this
General Motors Corporation  Search this
Grand Central Parkway extension  Search this
Organizational behavior--United States--History  Search this
Public relations--History  Search this
New York World's Fair Commission  Search this
Queens (New York, N.Y.) Buildings, structures, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Souvenirs -- 1930-1940
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Pamphlets -- 1930-1940
Guidebooks -- 1930-1940
Exhibition posters--1930-1940
Diaries
Ephemera -- 20th century
Film transparencies
Motion picture film
Posters -- 1930-1940
Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0560
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep808504c62-92bb-48b1-8a76-f9d279516c33
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0560
Online Media:

Alma Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Bader, Franz, 1903-1994  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Johnson, Nathalie J. Cole  Search this
Sarg, Tony, 1882-1942  Search this
Tarbary, Celine  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Thomas, J. Maurice (John Maurice), 1900 or 1901-  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1894-2001
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.

Biographical material includes identity cards, chronologies, an audio recording including a biographical account, and scattered documentation of Thomas's education and teaching careers with D.C. Public Schools, Howard University, and Thomas Garrett Settlement in Wilmington, Delaware. Also found are records relating to Thomas's participation in a summer marionette class taught by Tony Sarg in 1934, and a tour of European art centers which Thomas took in 1958.

Letters relate primarily to the exhibition of Thomas's work and related events and are from galleries, museums, other art institutions, colleagues, and friends including Franz Bader, Adelyn Breeskin, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Howard University Gallery of Art, Martha Jackson Gallery, Nathalie J. Cole Johnson, Vincent Melzac, Celine Tabary, and Joshua Taylor.

Notes and writings include four notebooks and autobiographical writings by Thomas, a "Birthday Book," and an annotated engagement calendar. J. Maurice Thomas's writings about Alma Thomas, her research for a bibliography on James Weldon Johnson, and writings by others, including Jacob Kainen, about Alma Thomas, are also found here.

Exhibition files contain a wide variety of documentation for many group and solo exhibitions of Thomas's work from the early 1950s through a 1998-2000 traveling retrospective exhibition, including solo exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1972. The records include letters from Franz Bader Gallery, David Driskell at Fisk University, and Vincent Melzac. Photographs include Thomas with individuals including William Buckner, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, James W. Herring, and Vincent Melzac. Also found is a photograph of the 1951 Little Paris Studio Group picturing Lois Mailou Jones, Celine Tabary, Alma Thomas, and others. Two video recordings are of events related to the 1998-2000 retrospective at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Columbus Museum of Art. Records documenting a 1981-1982 exhibition at the Smithsonian National Museum of American Art, A Life in Art: Alma Thomas, includes the script of a video written by Adolphus Ealey.

Personal business records include price lists, gift and loan receipts, and files concerning the Art in Embassies Program, the Martha Jackson Gallery, a benefit auction for the Corcoran School of Art, and the designation of the Thomas family home in Washington, D.C. as a historic property.

Eleven scrapbooks document Thomas's teaching career through the activities of the art classes she taught at Shaw Junior High School.

Printed materials include announcements and catalogs for exhibitions and other events; clippings which document Thomas's career and subjects of interest to her; Christmas cards featuring block prints designed by Thomas; and other programs and publications featuring Thomas.

Photographs are of Alma Thomas, family, and friends and colleagues including Sam Gilliam, James V. Herring, and Nathalie V. Cole Johnson; art classes taught by Thomas; Thomas's homes in Columbus, Georgia and Washington, D.C.; and exhibitions not documented in Series 4: Exhibition Files, including photographs of Alma Thomas at an opening at Barnett Aden Gallery with Alonzo Aden and others.
Arrangement note:
The papers have been arranged into 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1911-2001 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Letters, circa 1930-2001 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1920s-circa 1998 (Box 2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1951-2000 (Boxes 2-3, OV 7; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1950s-1994 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1908-2000 (Boxes 3-5, OV 7; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1930-1946 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1894-2001 (Boxes 5-6; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas (1891-1978) was known for her abstract paintings filled with dense patterns of color, and was considered a major artist of the Washington Color School.

Thomas was born in Columbus, Georgia, in 1894, and was the eldest of the four daughters of John Harris Thomas and Amelia Cantey Thomas. The family moved to Washington, D.C. in 1906 and Thomas was first introduced to art classes at Armstrong Technical High School. Following her graduation in 1911 she took a course in kindergarten teaching at the Miner Normal School, and subsequently worked as a substitute teacher in the Washington, D.C. public school system until 1914, when she took a teaching position on the Eastern shore of Maryland. From 1916 to 1923 she taught kindergarten at Thomas Garrett Settlement House in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thomas originally enrolled at Howard University in Washington, D.C. as a home economics major in 1921, but after studying under Lois Mailou Jones amd James V. Herring in Herring's newly established art department, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Fine Art in 1924, and became the first person to graduate from the program. Thomas then began her teaching career at Shaw Junior High School in Washington, D.C. that lasted from 1924, until her retirement in 1960. During this time she established community arts programs that would encourage her students to develop an appreciation of fine arts. Activities included marionette programs, distribution of student-designed holiday menu cards for dinners given for soldiers at the Tuskegee Veterans' Hospital, art clubs, lectures, and student exhibitions. In 1943 she became the founding vice president of Barnett Aden Gallery, which was established by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden and was the first integrated gallery in Washington, D.C.

In 1934 Thomas earned an M.A. degree in Art Education from Columbia University. At American University in Washington, D.C., she studied creative painting under Joe Summerford, Robert Gates, and Jacob Kainen from 1950 to 1960, and began to break away from representational painting and experiment more seriously with Abstract Expressionism. In 1958 she participated in a tour of the art centers of Western Europe under the auspices of the Tyler School of Fine Arts at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Following her retirement from teaching in 1960, Thomas devoted herself full-time to painting, and continued to develop her signature style. She was inspired by nature and the desire to express beauty through composition and color, and refused to be constrained by societal expectations related to her race, gender, and age, achieving her greatest success in the last decade of her life. Her work was exhibited at the Dupont Theatre Art Gallery, Franz Bader Gallery, and the Howard University Gallery of Art, before she was honored in 1972 with exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Thomas's work has been exhibited at the White House and can be found in the permanent collections of major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Separated Materials note:
In 1979, J. Maurice Thomas loaned papers for microfilming. Most, but not all, of the loaned material was later donated and is described in this finding aid. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are available on reels 1541-1543 and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
J. Maurice Thomas, the artist's sister, loaned portions of the collection for microfilming in 1979. Most, but not all of this material was then later donated in several accretions by J. Maurice Thomas, between 1979 and 2004. Charles Thomas Lewis, Thomas' nephew, gave additional papers in 2010.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Women painters  Search this
African American educators  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Alma Thomas papers, circa 1894-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.thomalma
See more items in:
Alma Thomas papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98cd54656-ee02-4a0d-81ad-6db24f1be010
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomalma
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Online Media:

Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Materials

Creator:
McDermott, Joyce  Search this
Strickland, Lloyd A.  Search this
Names:
Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Photographs
Collecting cards
Place:
Berlin (Germany)
Germany
Date:
1936
Summary:
Lloyd A. Strickland purchased these souvenir cards while attending the 1936 Olympic games in Berlin, Germany.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 149 photomechanical reproductions of scenes and events from the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The scenes are not only of the competition, but include opening and closing ceremonies, officials, crowd scenes, candid shots of the athletes while not competing, medal ceremonies, scoreboards, artworks, and close-ups of Olympic medals. Adolf Hitler appears in three of the souvenir cards. Athletes are pictured on the cards with printed captions. Some of the athletes pictured include Jesse Owens, and Kitei Son [i.e., Son Gi-jeong of Korea]. *

All but seven of the souvenir cards are 3 x 4-1/ 2", while the remainder are 4-1/ 2 x 6-1/ 2". The souvenir cards are part of a set, as they are numbered on the reverse up to the number 200 (not all numbers are present). The printed inscriptions on the reverse sides indicate that this is a follow-up set to another set from the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch. Each card also has a printed caption on the reverse, in German. Also included are two postcards of hotels: Hotel Bender and Niederbreisig, which have no clear connection to the Berlin Olympics.

The two albums, Die Olympischen Spiele 1936 in Berlin und Garmisch-Partenkirchen document the Olympic games through text and photographs of events and athletes. Both albums are in German.

* Note: When Korea was occupied by Japan (1910-1945), Son Gi-jeong competed for the Japanese in the 1936 summer Olympics, but was forced to use the Japanese name "Kitei Son," and this incorrect name was the one printed on the card.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into two series.

Series 1, Olympics Souvenir Cards, 1936

Series 2, Olympics Souvenir Albums, 1936
Biographical / Historical:
In 1931 the city of Berlin was awarded the summer Olympic games for 1936. The 1936 games (the 11 th Olympiad) featured athletes from 49 countries and some 4,000 athletes participated in 148 events. The games were memorable for many reasons, including the beginning of the tradition of the torch relay, advances in media coverage, and the introduction of canoeing and basketball as Olympic sports. But in particular, they are remembered for the politically charged atmosphere in which they took place, with World War II in Europe just three years away. With Adolf Hitler's election in 1933 and the Nazi Party's rise to power, the games were seen by those in power in Germany as a means to advance the Party's ideologies. As events unfolded and information spread about the persecution of Jews and others by the Nazis, there were more and more demands upon the International Olympic Committee to remove the games from Germany. These efforts did not succeed, and the German government went on to spend huge amounts of money to make the games successful. The Reich Sports Field, a new sports complex built for the summer games, was draped in Nazi regalia for the games. The success of a number of black athletes, notably American track and field star Jesse Owens, was a blow to the notions of "Aryan supremacy" touted by Hitler and the Nazis. The games proceeded to their conclusion without incident. The souvenir cards in this collection provide a cross-section of images of the games of the 11 th Olympiad.

Mr. Strickland had the souvenir cards in his possession for over 60 years.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Archives Center, by Lloyd A. Strickland in 2000.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Track and field  Search this
Olympics  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Sports cards  Search this
Sports -- Collectibles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books -- 1930-1940
Photographs -- Reproductions -- 1930-1940
Collecting cards
Citation:
Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Cards, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0743
See more items in:
Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c85dda37-e751-4361-85a6-b8719bb47b09
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0743
Online Media:

[Women athletes running in the Olympics in Berlin : black and white photoprint]

Collection Creator:
McDermott, Joyce  Search this
Strickland, Lloyd A.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1936
Scope and Contents:
Photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
04074308.tif (AC Scan)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 3.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Olympics -- Berlin (Germany) -- 1936  Search this
Women track and field athletes -- 1936  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940
Collection Citation:
Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Cards, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Materials
Lloyd A. Strickland Collection of 1936 Olympics Souvenir Materials / Series 2: Olympics Souvenir Albums / 142 photographs, 3 x 4-1/2", depicting events from the 1936 Olympics
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cdffc628-c513-43dd-882a-082b2ca43be4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0743-ref532

Paul, Maury H. B.

Collection Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Container:
Box 75, Folder 27
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1940
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.3: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw912fa2537-c550-48c2-b48b-b88eb354015f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jacqself-ref10815
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  • View Paul, Maury H. B. digital asset number 1

Cutout figure

Culture/People:
Otomí [San Pablito]  Search this
Collector:
Donald B. Cordry (Donald Bush Cordry), Non-Indian, 1907-1978  Search this
Previous owner:
Donald B. Cordry (Donald Bush Cordry), Non-Indian, 1907-1978  Search this
Object Name:
Cutout figure
Media/Materials:
Amate (mulberry bark) paper
Techniques:
Cut
Dimensions:
21.9 x 9.4 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
San Pablito; Pahuatlán Municipality; Puebla State; Mexico
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
20/6297
Barcode:
206297.000
See related items:
Otomí [San Pablito]
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f656fca0-035f-43ff-876a-c4606dc491bd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_220018
Online Media:

Rug

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Priscilla M. King (Pam M. King/Priscilla Martin King), Non-Indian, 1926-2002  Search this
Donor:
Priscilla M. King (Pam M. King/Priscilla Martin King), Non-Indian, 1926-2002  Search this
Object Name:
Rug
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Woven
Dimensions:
255 x 163 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Two Grey Hills, Navajo Reservation; San Juan County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
25/4663
Barcode:
254663.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fc58d1dd-eff9-4d67-8de4-c0f9251b3f55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270223
Online Media:

Rug

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Previous owner:
David Williams Yeaman (David W. Yeaman), Non-Indian, 1950-1997  Search this
Donor:
John P. Yeaman (John Pannill Yeaman), Non-Indian, 1944-2015  Search this
Alice Banks Yeaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Rug
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Woven, dyed
Dimensions:
154 x 82 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Arizona or New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
25/5143
Barcode:
255143.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6438f3cf9-9c3a-41cb-bddf-3aa2f1e74488
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271001
Online Media:

Ashtray

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mary Alberta Page Bradby (Mary Page Bradby/Mary A. Bradby/MAB), Pamunkey, 1903-1986  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Ashtray
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Modeled, painted
Dimensions:
16 x 12.5 x 2.5 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/32
Barcode:
260032.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b0cced41-1d81-430c-a5c1-d1f77004344e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276124
Online Media:

Salt and pepper shakers

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mary Alberta Page Bradby (Mary Page Bradby/Mary A. Bradby/MAB), Pamunkey, 1903-1986  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Salt and pepper shakers
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Modeled, painted
Dimensions:
3.5 x 3 x 5 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/35
Barcode:
260035.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d75c3519-83ce-4531-83c1-da4fc63d3282
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276127
Online Media:

Tomahawk/Hatchet head

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Tomahawk/Hatchet head
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Modeled
Dimensions:
10.5 x 7 x 1.5 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/37
Barcode:
260037.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64225fa3d-efb1-4d24-a5f0-9c96a7625f64
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276129
Online Media:

Coin bank

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mary Alberta Page Bradby (Mary Page Bradby/Mary A. Bradby/MAB), Pamunkey, 1903-1986  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Coin bank
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, painted
Dimensions:
5.5 x 8 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/40
Barcode:
260040.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d5786384-204a-43cb-9f2c-26bf7718558b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276132
Online Media:

Ashtray

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mary Alberta Page Bradby (Mary Page Bradby/Mary A. Bradby/MAB), Pamunkey, 1903-1986  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Ashtray
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Modeled, painted
Dimensions:
11 x 12.5 x 2.5 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/41
Barcode:
260041.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64784a124-6250-417c-9781-5915045ed07d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276133
Online Media:

Wall hanging

Culture/People:
Pamunkey  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mary Alberta Page Bradby (Mary Page Bradby/Mary A. Bradby/MAB), Pamunkey, 1903-1986  Search this
Seller:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief William P. Miles (Bill Miles/Swiftwater), Pamunkey  Search this
Object Name:
Wall hanging
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Modeled, painted
Dimensions:
9.5 x 6 x 1.3 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Pamunkey Reservation; King William County; Virginia; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/43
Barcode:
260043.000
See related items:
Pamunkey
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a262ffb2-045a-4aeb-9097-ed01c9e10faa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276135
Online Media:

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
Mary Gahagan Eastlake, Non-Indian, 1898-1979  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Baleen, ivory, ink
Techniques:
Coiled, carved, painted
Dimensions:
6.3 x 8.4 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Alaska; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/186
Barcode:
260186.000
See related items:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69e6a5c79-0417-4d2f-8538-c73677091a6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_276279

Basket

Culture/People:
Hopi [Second Mesa]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Geneva Honani, Hopi [Second Mesa]  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Yucca fiber, galleta grass, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Coiled, dyed
Dimensions:
21.2 x 29.8 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Arizona; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/1891
Barcode:
261891.000
See related items:
Hopi [Second Mesa]
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6aced95cc-3ae6-4169-9a4c-2da8414dfe2e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_277998

Basket

Culture/People:
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Willow, bracken fern root, redbud
Techniques:
Coiled
Dimensions:
8.4 x 16.9 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
California or Nevada; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/1906
Barcode:
261906.000
See related items:
Washoe (Washo)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61b62bc19-8684-496b-aac1-3a8e383f3bf7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278013

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
Wabanaki  Search this
Previous owner:
Aurelius Piper, Paugussett (Paugusset), 1916-2008  Search this
Karen Coody Cooper, Cherokee Nation  Search this
James R. Roaix (Jim Roaix), Mohawk/Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Donor:
Karen Coody Cooper, Cherokee Nation  Search this
James R. Roaix (Jim Roaix), Mohawk/Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Ash splints, sweetgrass, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Dyed, wicker-plaited
Dimensions:
6 x 12 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Trumbull; Fairfield County; Connecticut; USA
Date created:
1930-1940
Catalog Number:
26/3830
Barcode:
263830.000
See related items:
Wabanaki
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6357d189e-13f1-4039-882d-ccfc4c91f63b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_279981
Online Media:

U.S. Capitol

Maker:
Capsco, Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 5 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 13.97 cm
Object Name:
postcard
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Date made:
ca 1930s-1940s
Subject:
U.S. Capitol Building  Search this
Souvenirs  Search this
Washington D.C.  Search this
Novelty  Search this
Postcards  Search this
ID Number:
2011.0227.416
Accession number:
2011.0227
Catalog number:
2011.0227.416
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4aaf8c530-4f1d-2a12-e053-15f76fa07904
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1983235

Program for Cafe Zanzibar

Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Distributed by:
Cafe Zanzibar, American, 1943 - 1948  Search this
Subject of:
Joe Howard, American, 1867 - 1961  Search this
Pee Wee Marquette, American, 1914 - 1992  Search this
Louis Armstrong, American, 1901 - 1971  Search this
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, American, 1878 - 1949  Search this
Maurice Rocco, American, 1915 - 1976  Search this
Velma Middleton, American, 1917 - 1961  Search this
Peters Sisters, American  Search this
Nicholas Brothers, American  Search this
The Delta Rhythm Boys, American, 1934 - 1987  Search this
The Zanzibeauts, American, 1943 - 1948  Search this
Claude Hopkins Orchestra, American, 1930 - 1940  Search this
Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra, American, 1928 - 1947  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 7 3/16 × 4 15/16 × 1/16 in. (18.3 × 12.6 × 0.1 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 7 3/16 × 9 15/16 × 1/16 in. (18.3 × 25.3 × 0.1 cm)
Type:
souvenir programs
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1945
Topic:
African American  Search this
Dance  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Theatre  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.68
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e03185e1-6e36-4c49-8ab5-e84a5aa9f593
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.68
Online Media:

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