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Cotton is King -- Plantation scene, Georgia. Active no. 5678 : Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH CAROLINA & GEORGIA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Georgia
Local Numbers:
RSN 26742
General:
Similar to RSN 14128 and 20608, but is a variant.
Currently stored in box 3.2.51 [114].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African Americans -- Georgia  Search this
Agriculture -- Georgia  Search this
Children -- Georgia  Search this
Cotton -- Georgia  Search this
Fields -- Georgia  Search this
Laborers -- Georgia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26705-26809
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24501

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Berryman family (Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1829-1953, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This series includes a scrapbook of greeting cards to family members illustrated by Clifford and Jim Berryman, but primarily contains letters written by presidents, notable politicians, and other political cartoonists, discussing Clifford Berryman's work.

See Appendix for list of notable correspondents from Series 1.3
Appendix: Notable Correspondents from Series 1.3.:
Adams, Alva B. (Senator, Colorado): 18 Oct 1938, 05 Apr 1941

Akerson, George (Secretary to the President): 10 Jul 1929

Albright, Horace M. (Director, National Park Service): 02 Dec 1932

Alexander, D. (Congressman): undated

Allen, Henry J. (Senator, Kansas): May 13, 1930

Allison, William B. (Senator, Iowa): 03 Jun 1906

Alston, Frank H., Jr. (artist): 22 Jul 1947

Anderson, Clint (Sec. of Agriculture): 13 Sep 1945

Andrews, Marietta (illustrator): undated, 05 Feb 1925 (illustrated letter), 16 Sep 1928 (illustrated letter), Jan 1930

Arnold, Oren (writer): 04 Mar 1944

Ashurst, Henry F. (Senator, Arizona): 11 Feb 1941

Astor, Vincent: undated (letter from C. Berryman), 11 Nov 1932, 12 Nov 1932 (letter from C. Berryman), 14 Nov 1932, 17 Nov 1932, 12 Apr 1933

Auchincloss, James C. (Congressman, New Jersey): 12 Nov 1947

Austin, Warren R. (Senator, Vermont): 24 Oct 1941, 28 Oct 1941, 29 Oct 1941 (letter from Mrs. Austin)

Babcock, J. W. (Congressman, Wisconsin): 12 Jun 1903

Bailey, Josiah William (Senator, North Carolina): 26 Jan 1938, 14 July 1938, 21 Jun 1939, 26 Jun 1939

Baird, G. W. (cartoonist?): 20 Jul 1914?

Baker, James M. (Senator): 05 Aug 1916

Baker, Newton D. (Secretary of War): 10 Mar 1916, 08 Jan 1917, 10 Feb 1920, 27 Mar 1920, 06 Apr 1920

Baldwin, Stanley (Prime Minister): 19 Apr 1929 (letter about him)

Ballinger, Richard A. (Secretary of the Interior): 08 Mar 1909, 23 Sep 1911, 08 Apr 1916

Barclay: undated (illustrated letter)

Barkley, Alben W. (Senator, Kentucky): 19 Feb 1943, 01 Dec 1943

Barrett, John (Director, Pan American Union): 06 Mar 1915

Barrett, Robert ( -- Evening World -- ): 07 Oct 1927

Bartlett, John H. (Asst. Postmaster General and Governor of New Hampshire): 02 Apr 1924, 11 Nov 1927, 30 Jul 1932, 15 Dec 1949

Baruch, Bernard M.: 09 Mar 1938, 16 Sep 1943

Bassford, Wallace (secretary of Speaker's Room, House of Representatives): 12 Dec 1913

Bastedo, P. H. (Rear Admiral): 09 May 1947

Beckham, J. Crepps Wickliffe (Senator, Kentucky): 07 Mar 1916, 29 Mar 1916, 20 Dec 1919

Berger, Victor L. (Congressman, Wisc.): 05 Feb 1924

Beveridge, Albert J. (Senator, Indiana): 21 Feb 1907, 30 Mar 1907, 18 May 1935

Biddle, Francis (Attorney General): 09 Jan 1942, 23 Mar 1942, 20 Apr 1942, 08 May 1942, 25 May 1942, 09 Jun 1942

Bittinger, Charles: 30 Nov 1931, 13 Feb 1938

Blackburn, J. C. S. (Senator): 09 Jan 1906

Bland, Schuyler Otis (Congressman, Va.): 30 Dec 1941

Bliss, Edward Goring: 21 Feb 1936

Bloom, Sol (Congressman, New York): 09 Apr 1928, 26 Apr 1928, 05 May 1931, 19 Feb 1932, 07 May 1932, 09 Mar 1933, 22 Oct 1934, 09 Nov 1934, 21 May 1935, 07 Mar 1936, 26 Mar 1936, 08 Jun 1936, 31 Aug 1936, 15 Dec 1936, 03 Jan 1938, 10 Jun 1940, 18 Jan 1941, 10 Mar 1941

Boardman, Mabel: 14 Apr 1912

Bolton, Frances P. (Congresswoman, Ohio): 05 Mar 1942

Bone, Homer T. (Senator, Washington): 19 Apr 1944

Bone, Scott C. (editor, -- The Washington Herald -- and the -- Post-Intelligencier -- ): 27 Jan 1908, 05 Oct 5 1911

Bone, Scott W. (son of Scott C. Bone): 10 Oct 1932

Borah, William E. (Senator): 03 Oct 1921 (letter about him)

Brayman, Harold (President, National Press Club): 07 Mar 1938, 03 May 1944

Bridges, H. Styles (Senator, N. H.): 28 Feb 1938

Britten, Fred A. (Congressman, Illinois): 25 Dec 1934

Brooke, Frederick (architect): undated, 12 May 1945

Browne, Edward E. (Congressman, Wisc.): 17 Feb 1931

Bruker, John (Governor, Ohio): 21 Feb 1944

Bryan, William Jennings: undated, 09 Dec 1907, 19 Jan 1908, 16 Jan 16 1913, 15 Aug 1914, 24 Feb 1915, 02 Mar 1915 (letter about him), 11 Feb 1917, 02 Apr 1917, 20 Mar 1919, 27 Apr 1920

Buck, Mrs. Solon J.: 08 Mar 1942

Burke, James Francis (Republican National Committee): undated

Burkett, E. J. (Congressman): 21 Jan 1905

Burroughs, Nannie H.: undated

Burton, Theodore E. (Congressman, Ohio): 25 Feb 1927

Burwell, J. Baldwin (Leader Publishing Co.): undated

Butler?, Harold H. (Senator): 10 May 1944

Butler, Hugh (Senator, Nebraska): 03 Apr 1944

Byrd, Curley (President, U. of Maryland): 10 Jun 1944

Byrd, Harry Flood (Senator, Virginia): undated, 10 Nov 1925, 27 Dec 1927 (letter about him), 17 Jun 1934, 23 May 1935, 26 Feb 1936, 25 Mar 1936, 27 Aug 1936, 10 Sep 1936, 08 Dec 1936, 19 May 1937, 07 Mar 1938, 16 Mar 1938, 05 Aug 1938, 06 Feb 1939, 18 Feb 1941, 09 Jun 1941, 16 Jun 1941, 26 Sep 1941, 02 Mar 1942, 09 Oct 1942, 29 Nov 1942, 28 Sep 1944, 28 Mar 1945, 24 May 1948, 25 May 1948, 11 Jun 1948, 07 Apr 1949, 22 Dec 1949, 02 Aug 1949, 19 Sep 1949, 21 Apr 1950

Byrnes, James F. (Senator, South Carolina): 31 Jan 1938, 02 Jan 1939 (letter about him), 08 Jun 1940, Dec 1942, 11 Apr 1944, May 1944

Cable, John L. (Congressman, Ohio): 14 Aug 1922

Calder, William M. (Senator, New York): 16 Feb 1920

Calderon, Madame Alvarez (Peruvian Legation): undated

Camden, Johnson N. (Senator, Kentucky): 04 Mar 1915

Campbell, L. H. (Major General): 25 Jan 1943

Caniff, Milton (President, National Cartoonists Society): 13 May 1948, 14 Dec 1949

Cannon, J. G. (Speaker of the House): 02 Dec 1910 (letter about him)

Capehart, Charles (editor, -- The Cartoon -- ): 06 Apr 1908 (C. Berryman drawing of Cannon)

Capper, Arthur (Senator, Kansas): 13 Feb 1920, 06 Dec 1935

Carlson, Frank (Congressman, Kansas): 02 Feb 1944

Carnegie, Andrew: 14 May 1911 (letter from C. Berryman)

Caughey, J. M. (cartoonist): 12 Nov 1915

Chamberlain, George E. (Senator, Oregon): 11 Mar 1916

Chamberlain, K. R. (cartoonist): 23 May 1914

Chandler, Albert B. (Senator,Kentucky): 07 Jul 1942, 11 Aug 1942 (letter from his wife), 28 Jun 1943, 30 Mar 1944, 20 Apr 1944, 26 Apr 1945, 17 May 1945

Chapple, Joe Mitchell ( -- National Magazine -- , Boston): 31 Dec 1904

Chiperfield, Burnett M. (Congressman, Illinois): 22 Apr 1916, 12 May 1916, 03 Jul 1929

Choate, H. Lawrence: 09 Feb 1939

Clapper, Raymond: 18 Jan 1939 (letter to Charles Dawes), 27 Jan 1939

Clark, Champ (Speaker of the House): 29 Jun 1906

Clark, P. L. ("Skippy" cartoonist): 25 Nov 1935

Clay, Henry: 22 Apr 1829 (letter to Mark Hardin, Shelbyville Ky), 21 Jun 1843 (letter to a gentleman)

Clements (Governor, Kentucky): 07 Jan 1948

Coffeen, R. A. (cartoonist): 09 Dec 1940

Colby, Bainbridge (Secretary of State): 01 Apr 1920

Cole, Cyrenus (Congressman, Iowa): 01 Feb 1928, 10 Mar 1936

Coleman, Harry ( -- Pontiac Press Gazette -- ): 12 Oct 1914

Collier, William Miller (President, George Washington University): undated, 12 Jan 1921, 22 Mar 1921

Connally, Tom (Senator, Texas): 06 Nov 1943

Coolidge, Calvin: 03 Mar 1927, 01 Aug 1927 (letter about him)

Cooper, Henry Allen (Congressman, Wisconsin): 14 Feb 1907, 24 Feb 1925

Corby, William Stephen: undated calling card, 20 Oct 1916 (2), 14 Feb 1920 (2), 19 Jul 1926, 13 Aug 1932

Cousins, A. G.? (cartoonist?): Dec 1904

Cousins, Robert G. (Congressman): 02 Feb 1907

Craig, Donald Alexander (author): 30 Sep 1924

Crisp, Charles R. (Congressman, Georgia): 03 Oct 1932

Culberson, C. A. (Senator, Texas): 07 Jul 1906

Cummings, Homer S. (Attorney General): 29 Sep 1933 (letter about him), 30 Sep 1933, 21 May 1934, 28 Jun 1934 (letter from his wife), 02 Jul 1934, 22 Oct 1934, 12 Mar 1945

Curran, Edward M. (U.S. Attorney, D.C.): 28 Oct 1946

Cushman, Francis W. (Congressman): 25 Dec 1899, 05 Jan 1904

Dale, Mrs. Thomas H. (Congressman's wife): 27 Apr 1906

Daniel, J. (Senator): 23 Dec 1903 (illustrated letter)

Daniels, Jonathan (son of Josephus Daniels): 15 Mar 1933, 29 Jan 1934, 16 Aug 1941

Daniels, Josephus (Secretary of the Navy): undated calling card (from Mrs. Daniels), 25 Mar 1913, 15 May 1913 (letter about him), 25 Aug 1913 (letter about him), 31 Oct 1913, 26 Oct 1914, 12 Jan 1915, 22 Aug 1916, 08 Sep 1916, 27 Mar 1917, 22 Nov 1917, 27 Nov 1917, 24 Jan 1918, 12 Feb 1920, 29 Mar 1920, 03 Apr 1920, 20 Nov 1920 (3), 11 Jan 1921 (letter about him), 02 Mar 1921, 05 Jun 1926, 05 Apr 1927 (2), 04 Aug 1927, 10 Dec 1928, 15 Mar 1933, 19 May 1934, 11 May 1937, 19 Oct 1937, 18 Nov 1937, 25 Mar 1938, 18 May 1938, 09 Aug 1941

Darling, Jay Norwood "Ding": undated (letter about him), 19 Nov 1934

Davies, Joseph E.: 09 Jun 1944, 16 Jun 1944

Davis, James J. (Sec. of Labor and Senator, Pa.): Feb 9, 1923, 24 Dec 1925, 16 Feb 1931

Davol, Ralph (Cosmos Club): 30 Mar 1920, 06 Apr 1925 (illustrated letter), 06 Apr 1930

Dawes, Charles Gates (Vice President): 19 Jan 1928 (printed invitation), 24 Jan 1939 (letter to Clapper)

Dawley, Mrs. M. Webster (League of Republican Women): 08 Feb 1938

Debs, Eugene: 17 Aug 1912

Delano, Frederic A. (Washington National Monument Society): 03 Feb 1944, 23 Feb 1944

Delano, Victor: 06 May 1941 (on USS WEST VIRGINIA, Pearl Harbor), 25 Mar 1942 (on USS SAN JUAN)

De Leon, T. C. (cartoonist?): 04 Aug 1904

Denby, Edwin (Secretary of the Navy): 04 Mar 1922

Depew, Chauncey: undated (2 printed invitations), 05 Jul 1923, 10 Feb 1926

Dern, George H. (Secretary of War): 27 Jan 1935 (printed invitation)

Dewey, Thomas E. (Governor, New York): 10 Oct 1944, 23 Jun 1947 (letter about him), 21 Nov 1947

Dial, Nathaniel B. (Senator, S. C.): 17 Jan 1925

Dickinson, L. J. (Congressman, Iowa): 09 Dec 1926

Dillingham, William P. (Senator): 10 Mar 1904, 08 Mar 1916

Dirksen, Everett M. (Congressman, Ill.): 09 Jun 1942

Donahey, James Harrison ( -- Plain Dealer -- ): 02 Oct 1908, 30 Jan 1927

Doughton, Robert L. (Congressman, N. C.): 10 Jan 1948

Dowling, James J. (Democratic County Committee, N.Y.): 19 Dec 1934

Downing, Robert L.: 19 Dec 1930, 05 Nov 1932

Drewry, P. H. (Congressman, Virginia): 26 Feb 1935, 28 Mar 1935

DuBois, James T. (State Department): undated, 26 Jan 1905, 26 Feb 1905, 06 Mar 1905, 24 Nov 1905, 22 Mar 1907, 18 Jul 1917

Dugal, J. (Congressman): 19 Jan 1908

Durkee, J. Stanley (President, Howard University): 11 May 1922, 24 May 1922, 03 Nov 1924, 24 Nov 1924

Eccles, Marriner S. (Chairman, Federal Reserve System): 03 Oct 1941

Edison, Thomas: 13 Aug 1914 (letter about him)

Edwards, J. H. (Treasury Department): 18 Aug 1905

Elliott, Richard (Asst. Comptroller General, GAO): 01 Dec 1932

Ernst, Richard P. (Senator, Kentucky): 22 Dec 1922, 10 Nov 1925 (2), 15 Mar 1926, 19 Sep 1929, 15 Jun 1929

Estopinal, Albert (Congressman, La.): 21 Mar 1914

Evans, Silliman (Publisher, -- Chicago Sun -- ): 14 Apr 1942

Fall, Albert B. (Secretary of the Interior): 28 Feb 1923, 01 Mar 1923

Farley, James A.: 20 Dec 1932, 03 Jan 1934, 30 Jan 1934 (letter about him), 11 May 1934, 21 May 1934, 13 Sep 1934, 18 Oct 1934, 26 Oct 1934, 04 Dec 1935, 28 Oct 1937, 10 Aug 1940, 16 Jan 1942, 01 Apr 1942, 03 Aug 1942, 13 Oct 1942, 12 Nov 1942, 26 Feb 1943, 11 Mar 1943, 06 Jul 1943, 17 Nov 1943, 29 Nov 1943, 29 Dec 1943, 03 Jan 1944, 27 Jan 1944, 29 Jan 1944, 05 May 1944, 21 Nov 1944

Farnum Jno. (cartoonist): 03 Jun 1908

Faulkner, Robert R. (attorney): 03 Jun 1935

Fawcett, James Waldo ( -- Washington Star -- ): 02 Apr 1939

Fenn, E. Hart (Congressman, Connecticut): 09 May 1929

Fenning, F. A. (Inaugural Committee): 14 Jan 1925

Fess, Simeon D. (Senator, Ohio): 19 Apr 1928 (letter about him), 28 Apr 1934

Finch, Frank J. (cartoonist): 03 Feb 1905, 08 Apr 1910, 06 Jun 1910

Fish, Hamilton, Jr. (Congressman, New York): 19 May 1936, 22 May 1936, 04 Jan 1937

Fishback, Fred L. (Senator, Mass.): 26 Sep 1912

Fisher, Walter L. (Sec. of the Interior): 25 Jan 1912

Fitzgerald, Roy G. (Congressman, Ohio): 23 Feb 1925

Foch, Le Marechal: Jun 1906

Foley, E. H. (Asst. Sec. of the Treasury): 01 Nov 1947

Foraker, Joseph B. (Senator, Ohio): 30 Aug 1905 (letter about him), 03 Sep 1905

Frelinghuysen, J. S. (Senator, New Jersey): 04 Apr 1917 (letter about him)

Galbraith, Alfred ( -- Flint Daily Journal -- ): 02 Jun 1907

Gallinger, Jacob H. (Senator): 02 Feb 1905

Gallivan, James A. (Congressman, Massachusetts): 05 Mar 1923

Galloway, Ewing (news editor, -- Collier's -- ): 07 Sep 1916

Gard, Warren (Congressman, Ohio): 31 Mar 1916, 13 Feb 1917

Gardner, A. P. (Congressman, Massachusetts): 09 Apr 1910 (letter about him), 26 Jan 1911, 31 Jan 1913, 28 Jun 1916, 20 Jul 1916

Garfield, James Rudolph (Interior Dept.): 08 Nov 1907

Garner, John Nance (Congressman, Texas): 16 Jan 1930, 15 Mar 1935

Garrison, Lindley M. (Secretary of War): 19 Dec 1914, 25 Dec 1914, 11 Jan 1915, 28 Apr 1915, 30 Aug 1915

Gerry, Peter G. (Senator): 06 May 1941

Gerth, Arthur W. (President, American University): 02 May 1928

Gibson, Charles D. (Division of Pictorial Publicity): 28 Dec 1917

Gibson, Ernest W. (Congressman, Vermont): 19 Feb 1925

Gilbert, Ralph (Congressman, Kentucky): 20 Oct 1921, 07 Jan 1922

Gillett, Frederick H. (Senator, Massachusetts): 10 Feb 1928, 14 Feb 1928

Gillette, Guy M. (Senator, Iowa): 05 Aug 1943

Gittins, Robert H. (Congressman, N. Y.): 01 Aug 1914

Glass, Carter (Secretary of the Treasury): 26 Jun 1903, 20 Jan 1919, 20 Jan 1919, 11 Feb 1920, 02 Dec 1929, 09 Nov 1936, 15 Mar 1937, 05 Apr 1937 (letter about him), 10 Apr 1937, 19 May 1937 (letter about him)

Glover, Charles C. (Inaugural Committee): 09 Dec 1904, 21 Dec 1904, 20 Dec 1911

Godwin, E. ( -- Washington Times -- ): 30 Dec 1918

Goethals, General: undated (letter about him)

Goff, "Roy": Dec 1949

Gore, Albert (Congressman, Tennessee): 25 May 1942

Gorman, Arthur P. (Senator, Maryland): 03 Mar 1898, 28 Jan 1902, 07 Mar 1903, 02 May 1903, 28 Oct 1903 (letter from Mrs. Gorman)

Grant, U.S., III: 15 Mar 1926, 22 Jun 1927, 03 Nov 1927, 20 Jun 1930

Grayson, Cary T. (Inaugural Committee): 18 Feb 1933

Green, Theodore Francis (Senator, R. I.): 17 Oct 1944

[Gregory?], Tom (Attorney General): undated

Grew, Joseph: 09 Apr 1943 (illustrated letter)

Grey, Kenneth? (Dept. of the Treasury): 27 Mar 1945

Grosvenor, Bert (National Geographic Society): 17 Mar 1940, 15 Apr 1940

Grosvenor, Gilbert (National Geographic Society): 21 Mar 1921, 27 Apr 1921, 21 Dec 1921, 15 Nov 1927, 16 Nov 1931, 15 Mar 1935, 11 Nov 1935, 04 Nov 1938, 08 Nov 1944, 23 Dec 1949

Guffey, Joseph F. (Senator, Pennsylvania): 16 Jun 1943, 29 Mar 1944

Halleck, Charles A. (Congressman, Ind.): 02 Jan 1948

Halsey, W. F. (Admiral): 24 Dec 1942

Hamilton, Ernest? ( -- Judge -- magazine): 19 Mar 1913

Hamilton, Norman R. (Congressman, Virginia): 21 Jun 1938 (3), 22 Jun 1938 (2), 02 Jul 1938

Hancock, Clarence E. (Congressman, N. Y.): 19 Apr 1941

Hannegan, Robert E. (Democratic National Committee): 01 Mar 1945

Harding, Warren G.: 06 Jan 1917, 11 May 1921 (printed invitation)

Harriman, William Averill: 03 Jan 1939

Harris, William J. (Senator, Georgia): 01 Nov 1913, 11 Feb 1920, 06 Apr 1920, 18 May 1920, 12 Dec 1922, 12 Jan 1923

Harrison, William Henry: 13 Apr 1936

Harvey, George (US Ambassador to England): 15 Oct 1914

Hatch, Carl N. (Senator, New Mexico): 06 May 1937

Hawley, Willis C. (Congressman, Oregon): 15 Mar 1929, 25 Mar 1930

Hay, John (State Department): 31 Oct 1904, 02 Nov 1904

Hays, Arthur: 27 Feb 1912

Hays, Will H. (Postmaster General and President of the Motion Picture Producers & Distributors of America): 14 Jun 1921 (letter about him), 27 Jan 1922, 28 Feb 1922, 31 Aug 1922, 20 Dec 1922, 03 Mar 1937

Heinl, Robert D.: 05 Feb 1912, 20 Mar 1913, 28 Jan 1915, 29 Jun 1920, 04 May 1938

Hicks, Frederick C. (Congressman, New York): 19 Feb 1922, 01 Dec 1922, Nov 1923

Hildreth, Melvin D. (Inaugural Committee): 28 Dec 1948

Hilles, Charles D.: 23 Jul 1935

Hitchcock, Ethan A. (Secretary of the Interior): 28 Jan 1908, 07 Mar 1916?

Hitchcock, (Senator): undated, 10 Sep 1930 (letter about him)

Hodges, John G.: undated

Holt, Rush D. (Senator, West Virginia): 23 May 1935, 22 Nov 1937, 04 Aug 1940, 30 Aug 1940

Hoover, Herbert: 03 Jan 1923 (letter from Hoover's secretary, Richard S. Emmet), 16 Aug 1949

Hoover, J. (John) Edgar: 29 Aug 1933, 20 Oct 1934, 29 Oct 1934, 23 Mar 1936, 26 Mar 1936, 01 Oct 1936, 14 Apr 1937, 03 Feb 1942, 05 Feb 1942, 01 Jul 1942, 15 Jul 1942, 02 May 1944, 21 Jun 1949, 08 Jul 1949

Hoover, Lou Henry: undated

Hopkins, Harry L.: 10 Apr 1935, 24 Mar 1942

Houston, David F. (Sec Treas): 12 Feb 1920

Howard E. P. (N.Y. Press): 03 Apr 1927, 26 Mar 1927, 15 Apr 1927, 23 Jan 1928

Hubbard, Kin (cartoonist, -- Indianapolis News -- ): 10 Feb 1913, 15 Feb 1913, 31 Jul 1914

Hughes, Charles Evans (Secretary of State): 15 Apr 1921 (printed invitation)

Hughes, R. E. (La. Purchase Exposition): 15 Mar 1904

Humphrey, William E. (Federal Trade Commission): undated (illustrated letter), 20 Jan 1933

Hutchison, George W. (National Geographic Society): 09 Dec 1935, 01 Apr 1937

Ickes, Harold L. (Secretary of the Interior): 09 Mar 1935, 08 Nov 1935, 20 May 1936, 29 Nov 1938, 11 Dec 1939, 05 Jun 1941, 09 Jun 1941, 13 Jun 1941, 17 Jun 1941 (letter from Mrs. Ickes), 13 Feb 1942, 27 Apr 1942, 04 May 1942, 15 Jun 1943, 21 Jun 1943, 05 May 1944, 15 Dec 1949

Ireland, William A. ( -- Columbus Dispatch -- ): 21 Mar 1913, 16 Mar 1917 (letter of introduction for Will Rogers), 01 Mar 1926

Jackson, Robert H. (Attorney General): 08 Feb 1938, 05 Dec 1938, 05 Dec 1940

James, Ollie M. (Congressman?, Kentucky): 20 Jan 1910

Johnson, Albert (Congressman, Washington): 24 Nov 1913, 20 Feb 1915, 02 Jun 1926, 18 Apr 1929, 31 Mar 1932

Johnson, Andrew: 19 Aug 1861 (letter to A. M. Coffin not in Johnson's hand)

Johnson, Herbert (art editor, -- Saturday Evening Post -- ): 09 Sep 1913, 16 Sep 1913, 23 Feb 1928, 11 May 1934

Johnson, Herschel V. (US Representative to UN): 12 Sep 1937, 22 Oct 1947

Johnson, Hiram W. (Senator, California): 11 Feb 1920, 01 Nov 1940

Johnson, Nelson T. (Asst. Sec. of State): 21 Dec 1928

Johnson, Philander Chase: 03 Jan 1908

Johnston, John A. (General): 05 Apr 1919

Jones, E. Lester (US Coast & Geodetic Survey): 10 Mar 1920

Jones, Jesse H. (Secretary of Commerce): 24 Dec 1941, 29 May 1942, 13 Oct 1943, 04 Dec 1943, 02 May 1944

Jones, Marvin (Congressman, Texas): 24 Feb 1936

Jones, Wesley L. (Senator): 07 May 1920, 18 Feb 1925

Kahn, Julius (Congressman, California): 17 Mar 1920, 13 Apr 1920

Kauffmann, Rudolph Max ( -- Washington Star -- ): 05 Oct 1920, 16 Apr 1947, 12 May 1947

Kearns, (Senator): undated

Keefe, Frank B. (Congressman, Wisconsin): 29 Jul 1947

Kelly, Clyde (Congressman, Pennsylvania): 14 Feb 1928

Kelly, Hugh A. (Governor, New Jersey): 14 May 1938

Kelly, J. (editor, -- Chicago Tribune -- ): 02 Jun 1906

Kendrick, John B. (Governor, Wyoming): 30 Sep 1916 (letter about him)

Kennedy, Joseph P. (Chairman, US Maritime Commission): 24 Sep 1937

Kenyon, William S. (Senator, Iowa): 29 Mar 1916, 27 Sep 1916

Keyes, Frances Parkinson: 18 Jul 1921

Keyes, Henry W. (Senator, New Hampshire): 25 Feb 1925

King, Ernest J. (Admiral): 24 Nov 1942, 06 Nov 1944

Kirchhope, Alt? ( -- Buffalo Evening News -- ): 26 Mar 1927

Kitchin, Claude (Congressman): 06 Mar 1916, 31 Mar 1916

Knutson, Harold, (Congressman, Minnesota): 04 Mar 1948

LaFollette, Robert M., Jr. (Senator, Wisconsin): 03 Jul 1929, 09 Mar 1931 (letter about him)

La Gorce, John Oliver (National Geographic Society): undated, 27 Feb 1912, 18 Jun 1943, 02 May 1944, 31 May 1949

Land, E. S. (Chairman, US Maritime Commission): 10 Mar 1941

Land, George A. (Congressman): 03 Mar 1904

Landis, C. B. (Congressman, Indiana): undated, 11 Nov 1904

Landon, Alf M. (Governor, Kansas): 30 Oct 1935, 14 Jan 1936, 24 Mar 1936, 08 Aug 1936, 26 Dec 1936, 02 Feb 1937, 27 Feb 1937, 13 Oct 1943, 16 May 1944, 20 Nov 1944, 01 Apr 1948

Lane, Franklin K. (Secretary of the Interior): undated, 15 Mar 1913, 18 Mar 1913, 31 Dec 1913, 06 Mar 1916, 13 Mar 1916, 08 Jan 1917, 21 Dec 1918, 11 Feb 1920, 13 Feb 1918, 12 Mar 1918, 19 Mar 1918, 22 Mar 1920

Lansburgh, Henry: 30 Dec 1915

Lansburgh, Mark (Lansburgh & Bro.): 16 Apr 1931, 05 Nov 1932

Lansing, Robert (Secretary of State): 28 Mar 1916, 25 Jan 1917, 08 Feb 1918, 24 Feb 1920, 29 Apr 1924

Lauder, Harry: undated

Lewis, B. J. ( -- Knickerbocker News -- ): 13 Mar 1941

Lewis, Fulton (WOL Radio): 17 Aug 1938

Lewis, James Hamilton, (Senator, Illinois): 30 Mar 1916, 15 Jan 1919, 26 Feb 1919, 07 Feb 1930, 16 Feb 1933, 13 May 1937

Lewis, John L.: 17 Apr 1937

Lewis, William Mather (Pres., George Washington U. and Pres., Lafayette College): 19 Sep 1924, 11 Oct 1929, 09 Dec 1931 (letter about him), 24 Mar 1942, 31 Mar 1942, 07 May 1944

Lindsay, R. C. (British Embassy): 26 May 1939

Lineberger, Walter F. (Congressman, Ca.): 01 Jun 1926

Lobeck, C. O. (Congressman, Nebraska): 11 Mar 1916, 01 Apr 1916

Locke, M. E. (Brigadier General): 24 May 1941

Lodge, Henry Cabot (Senator, Massachusetts): 18 Feb 1907, 22 Jul 1910, 22 Jul 1942

Lohr, Lenox (NBC): 29 June 1938, 29 Jul 1938

Long, B. (Asst. Secretary of State): 11 May 1942

Loring, Paule: undated, 13 Oct 1936 (illustrated letter)

Lowden, Frank O. (Governor, Illinois): 26 Jan 1920, 14 Feb 1920

Ludlow, Louis (Pioneer Book Co.): 14 Feb 1925, 25 Dec 1926, 20 Nov 1941, 20 Dec 1941

Luther, Dr. Hans (German Ambassador): undated

MacVeagh, Franklin (Sec. of the Treasury): 18 May 1911

Mahony, Felix: undated (illustrated letter)

Maloney, Francis (Senator, Connecticut); 11 Sep 1941, 22 Sep 1941, 06 Jan 1943, 02 May 1944

Mann, James R. (Congressman, Illinois): Oct 28, 1913, 07 Dec 1918, 01 Mar 1921

Marshall, George Catlett (General): 13 Jun 1940, 01 Apr 1944 (letter from his wife)

Martin, Joseph W., Jr. (Congressman, Massachusetts): 05 Jan 1942 (letter about him), 09 Mar 1942, 17 Apr 1943, 05 May 1944

Martin, Thomas S. (Senator): 07 Feb 1912

Marvin, Cloyd H. (Pres., George Washington U.): 06 Apr 1944

Maxwell, G. T. (cartoonist?): 14 Jul 1914

McAdams, Clark (President, St. Louis Artists' Guild): 06 Jan 1914, 20 Jan 1914

McAdoo, William G. (Secretary of the Treasury): 06 Jun 1914, 11 Jan 1914, 15 Feb 1917, 02 Mar 1917 (letter about him), 03 Sep 1918, 21 Nov 1922, 09 Aug 1925

McCarran, Patrick (Senator, Nevada): 23 May 1941

McClellan, George S.: 14 Feb 1938

McClure, Samuel G. (editor, -- Ohio State Journal -- ): 23 Jul 1903

McCormack, John W. (Congressman, Massachusetts): 06 Aug 1944

McCumber (Senator, North Dakota): 29 Oct 1919

McCutcheon, John T. ( -- Chicago Tribune -- ): 02 Dec 1907, 04 Apr 1913, 30 Dec 1913

McDonald, C. P. ( -- Chicago Tribune -- ): 19 Aug 1909

McDonald, Eugene F. (President, Zenith Radio Corp.): 20 Jan 1940 (letter to R. D. Heinl re FDR), 13 Nov 1939

McDuffie, John (Congressman, Alabama): 16 Apr 1934

McKellar, Kenneth (Senator, Tennessee): 19 Mar 1942, 31 Mar 1944

McKelway, Ben M. (ed., -- Washington Star -- ): 20 Oct 1947

McKenna, Joseph (Supreme Court Justice): 27 Feb 1923

McKinley, William B. (Senator, Illinois): undated, 06 Feb 1913, 03 Mar 1913, 04 Aug 1920

McLean, Edward B. (Inaugural Committee): 23 Dec 1920

McNair, Lesley James (General): 19 Jun 1944, 19 Jun 1944 (letter from his wife)

McReynolds, James C. (Supreme Court Justice): 11 Feb 1920, 09 Feb 1937 (letter from Mrs.McReynolds)

Mellon, Andrew (Secretary of the Treasury): 13 Apr 1925 (letter about him)

Meredith, Edwin T. (Sec. of Agriculture): 13 Feb 1920

Merrick, Frank L. (Louisiana Purchase Exposition): 18 Aug 1903, 20 Aug 1927

Meyer, George von L. (Sec. of the Navy): 23 Jan 1911

Meyers, Eugene ( -- Washington Post -- ): 14 Jun 1938, 27 Feb 1941 (printed invitation), 11 May 1944, 29 Jul 1949

Michelson, Charles (Democratic National Committee): 16 Oct 1935 (2), 21 Sep 1936, 29 Sep 1936

Millard, Charles D. (Congressman, N. Y.): 21 Feb 1935

Miller, James M. (Congressman): 17 Mar 1909 (letter from Mrs. Miller)

Mills, Ogden L. (Undersecretary of the Treasury): 22 Apr 1931

Minnigerode, C. Powell (Dir., Corcoran Gallery of Art): 27 Dec 1918 (2), 18 Jun 1943 (illustrated letter)

Minor, Benjamin S. (Inaugural Committee): 15 Jan 1913

Mitchell, Mrs. William Dewitt: 02 Mar 1931

Mondell, Frank W. (Congressman, Wyoming): 08 Apr 1920

Montgomery, James Shera (Chaplain, House of Representatives): 06 Aug 1918, 19 Jul 1919, 14 Jul 1945

Moore, J. Hampton (Congressman, Pa. and Mayor of Philadelphia): 17 Mar 1905, 28 May 1908, 29 Dec 1909, 29 Mar 1910, 01 Apr 1910, 04 Apr 1910, 07 Apr 1910, 27 Apr 1911, 27 Jan 1914, 23 Feb 1914, 08 Feb 1918, 14 Feb 1923, 09 Mar 1923, 23 Oct 1923, 05 Mar 1925, 31 Mar 1925, 15 Apr 1925 (2), 28 Jul 1925, 17 Oct 1925

Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. (Secretary of the Treasury): 05 Mar 1936, 10 Dec 1936, 23 Apr 1937, 12 Dec 1940, 18 Mar 1941, 22 Apr 1941, 09 May 1941, 03 Jul 1941

Moses, George H. (Senator, N. H.): 19 Jan 1922, 25 Jul 1923, 10 Feb 1927, 15 Dec 1927, 17 Dec 1927, 16 Jan 1929, 15 Aug 1929 (letter about him)

Murdock, Victor (Congressman, Kansas): undated (2), 01 Mar 1915, 18 Oct 1940

Murphy, Francis P. (Governor, N. H.): 27 Jan 1938 (2)

Murphy, J. E. ( -- Oregon Journal -- ): 14 Sep 1913

Murphy, William C. ( -- Philadelphia Inquirer -- ): 12 May 1941

Neely, Matthew M. (Governor, W. V.): 16 Jan 1941

New, Harry S. (Postmaster General): 30 Jul 1924, 10 Jan 1927

Newcome, W. A. (Ambassador to Italy): 13 Feb 1913

Nimitz, Chester W. (Admiral): 28 Nov 1942 (letter from his daughter Catherine), 15 Mar 1944

North, James (cartoonist?): 14 May 1921, 16 May 1921

Norton, Mary T. (Congresswoman, New Jersey): 09 Aug 1937, 13 Aug 1937, 06 Dec 1937, 30 Jun 1942

Noyes, Newbold: 13 Jan 1927 (letter from Mrs. Clarence Williams)

Noyes, Theodore W.: undated (3), 01 Jul 1918, 13 Mar 1920, 08 Jul 1929, 23 Apr 1930, 27 Feb 1934

O'Connor, John H. (Congressman, New York): 05 Jan 1937

Oliver, W. B. (Congressman, Alabama): 16 Feb 1924

Olney, Richard (Congressman, Mass.): 01 Apr 1920

O'Neal, Sam (Pres., National Press Club): 22 Jun 1944

Osborn, F. H. (Brigadier General): 16 Jan 1942

Ourand, Chas. H. (Isthmian Canal Commission): 20 Mar 1913

Owen, Ruth Bryan (Congresswoman, Florida): 09 Nov 1932

Palmer, A. Mitchell (Attorney General): 12 Feb 1920, 01 Apr 1920

Parsons, R. C. (editor, -- Cleveland Leader -- ): 04 Mar 1898

Patrick, Geo. H.: 01 Jun 1906 (re McClellan statue), 07 Jun 1906

Peaslee, Horace W. (architect): 25 Mar 1941

Penrose, Boies (Senator, Pennsylvania): 15 Jun 1906

Pepper, Claude (Senator, Florida): 13 Mar 1942, 03 Nov 1943, 17 Apr 1945

Perkins, Francis (Secretary of Labor): 24 Jul 1942

Pershing, John J. (General): 28 May 1945 (autographed card)

Phelan, James D. (Senator, California): 28 Jun 1918, 05 Jun 1920

Phipps, Lawrence C. (Senator, Colorado): 07 May 1920, 03 Mar 1923

Pike, Albert (Department of the Interior): undated

Poindexter, Miles (Senator, Washington): 13 Feb 1920

Polk, Frank L. (Undersecretary of State): 25 Mar 1920

Pomerene, Atlee (Senator, Ohio): 01 Jun 1911 (letter from Mrs. Pomerene), 20 Feb 1920 (letter from Mrs. Pomerene), 01 Mar 1920 (letter from Mrs. Pomerene), 08 May 1920

Porter, Laura (League of Women Voters): 28 Dec 1930

Pou, Edw. W. (Congressman, North Carolina): 30 Sep 1904, 07 Oct 1904, 10 Oct 1904, 17 Oct 1904

Powers, Samuel Leland (Congressman, Massachusetts): 17 Feb 1905, 30 Dec 1925

Proctor, Redfield (Senator): 21 Jun 1906

Radcliffe, George L. (Senator, Maryland): 15 Sep 1938

Rainey, Henry T. (Congressman, Illinois): 07 Mar 1916

Ralston, Samuel M. (Senator, Indiana): 30 May 1924

Ramspeck, Robert (Congressman, Georgia): 28 Nov 1941

Rankin, J. E. (Congressman, Mississippi): 14 Feb 1942

Rathbun, Richard (Asst. Secretary of Smithsonian): 11 Apr 1912, 07 Dec 1915

Rayburn, Sam: 24 Mar 1944

Reams, Frank (White House staff): 10 Jan 1929

Redfield, William C. (Secretary of Commerce): 31 Aug 1912, 07 Nov 1913, 07 Apr 1915, 07 Mar 1916

Reed, Daniel (Congressman, New York): Apr 28, 1920

Reed, Stanley F. (Supreme Court Justice): 13 Mar 1948

Reed, Stuart F. (Congressman, W. V.): 27 Mar 1922

Reid, Albert T. (American Artists Professional League): 02 May 1944

Rhodes, John D. (Senator): undated, 01 Nov 1943

Ritchie, Albert C. (Governor, Maryland): 15 Nov 1923 (2), 14 May 1924, 23 Dec 1925, 28 Dec 1926, 09 Jan 1927, 14 Jan 1927, 10 Feb 1927, 20 Jan 1931, 07 Aug 1931, 30 Jan 1936

Robertson, David A. (President, Goucher College): 15 Dec 1939 (letter from Anne Robertson), 19 Apr 1932, 18 Dec 1942, 14 Aug 1943

Robinson, Boardman ( -- New York Tribune -- ): 21 Mar 1913, 02 Jun 1913

Robinson, Joe T. (Senator, Arkansas): 10 Mar 1916, 29 Nov 1921, 25 Apr 1936

Rodman, Hugh (Admiral): 10 Nov 1937

Rogers, Edith Nourse (Congresswoman, Massachusetts): 15 Feb 1937, 16 Feb 1937

Rogers, W. A.: 19 Mar 1925, 10 Apr 1925

Rogers, Will: 16 Mar 1917 (letter of introduction from Bill Ireland), 19 Aug 1927 (invitation to Press Club dinner in his honor)

Roosevelt, Franklin D.: 26 Apr 1935 (letter about him), 20 Jan 1940 (letter about him), 08 Jul 1940 (photograph of letter)

Roosevelt, Theodore: 29 Dec 1902, 09 Jan 1912

Root, Elihu (Secretary of State): 14 Dec 1905

Roper, Daniel C. (Secretary of Commerce): undated, 18 Aug 1913, 16 Sep 1932, 15 Aug 1933, 07 Sep 1933, 11 Nov 1933, 14 Aug 1934, 10 Dec 1934, 18 May 1936, 16 Nov 1937, 05 Aug 1938

Ross, Nellie Tayloe (Democratic National Committee): 10 Dec 1932

Roteler, J. Allen: 23 Feb 1936 (letter re Andrew Mellon and the Corcoran Gallery)

Russell, K. L. (cartoonist?): 11 Jun 1906 (illustrated letter)

Russell, Richard (Senator and Governor of Florida): 29 Mar 1944, 22 Mar 1949

Sabath, A. J. (Congressman, Illinois): 24 Feb 1941, 19 Jan 1945

Sackett, Frederic M. (Senator, Kentucky): 24 Oct 1925

Saltonstall, Leverett (Senator, Mass.): 12 Apr 1948

Sanders, Everett (Congressman, Indiana): 19 Feb 1925, 02 Jul 1932

Saulsbury, Willard (Senator, Delaware): 21 Oct 1918 (letter to Col. E. A. Halsey)

Scott, Hugh D., Jr. (Congressman, Pa.): 10 Oct 1949

Seger, George N. (Congressman, N. J.): 13 Jan 1925

Seton, Grace Thompson (National League of American Pen Women): 12 Mar 1927, 12 Apr 1927, 11 May 1927

Shaw, Albert P.: 08 Nov 1901, 08 Nov 1926, 09 Nov 1926, 09 Jan 1933 (letter from C. Berryman)

Shaw, Leslie M.: 11 Oct 1905 (printed invitation)

Sheppard, Morris (Senator, Texas): 08 May 1920, 10 Oct 1924, 15 Nov 1924, 05 Sep 1933, 31 Dec 1937, 13 Oct 1938, 08 Nov 1938, 10 Aug 1940, 19 Sep 1940

Sherman, Lawrence Y. (Senator, Illinois): 08 Feb 1918

Shih, Hu (Chinese Embassy): 07 Dec 1939, 27 Nov 1941

Shoemaker, Vaughn (cartoonist, -- Chicago Daily News -- ): 29 Mar 1945

Shoppell, R. W. ( -- National Tribune -- ): 02 Dec 1904

Slemp, C. B. (Congressman, Virginia): 31 Aug 1914, 10 Mar 1916

Smith, Alfred (Governor, New York): 07 May 1924

Smith, John Walter (Senator, Maryland): 11 Mar 1916

Smoot, Reed (Senator): 29 Jun 1906, 07 May 1920

Smoot, William (Governor, Pennsylvania): 13 Jan 1922

Snell, Bertrand H. (Congressman): 31 May 1929

Snow, William J. (Major General): 06 Jan 1919, 14 Jan 1921

Snyder, John W. (Sec. of the Treasury): 23 Jun 1947

Somerville, Harry P. (The Willard): 01 Apr 1936, 09 Jul 1936, 10 Apr 1942

Spooner, John C. (Senator, Wisconsin): 07 Mar 1907

Stand, Bert (Democratic County Committee): 02 Jun 1936

Stanley, Augustus O. (Senator, Kentucky): 20 Feb 1907, 25 Mar 1920, 13 Aug 1921, 19 Aug 1921, 09 Nov 1935

Stettinius, Edward R. (Secretary of State): 15 Sep 1944, 26 Oct 1944, 13 Mar 1945, 29 Mar 1945

Stimson, Henry L. (Sec. of State and Sec. of War): 06 Feb 1912, 21 Dec 1932, 29 Apr 1943

Stone, Harlan F. (Supreme Court Justice); 02 May 1944

Strick (National Press Club): undated

Sulzer, William (candidate for Governor): 21 Jul 1914 (3), 21 Jul 1914 (letter from Mrs. Sulzer)

Suter, John Wallace (Dean, Washington Cathedral): 13 Feb 1945, 12 Mar 1945

Sutherland, Howard (Senator): 10 Feb 1920, 07 May 1920

Swanson, Claude A. (Senator, Virginia): 18 Aug 1910, 15 Oct 1919

Swing, Phil D. (Congressman, California): 20 Dec 1932

Sylvester, Arthur ( -- Newark Evening News -- ): 23 Jun 1947

Sylvester, Richard (Inaugural Committee): 31 Dec 1904

Taft, William Howard: 10 May 1907, 30 Jun 1908, 18 Mar 1925 (letter about him)

Taliaferro, Sidney F. (DC Commissioner): 13 Apr 1927

Tharin, Charles E. (White House staff): 14 Jun 1905

Thomas, Elmer (Senator, Oklahoma): 02 Jul 1936

Thompson, Charles Willis ( -- New York Times -- ): 13 Mar 1905

Thornton, J. R. (Senator): 16 Dec 1910, 10 Dec 1912, 12 Dec 1912, 22 Nov 1913, 18 Mar 1914, 21 Mar 1914, 11 Feb 1915, 15 Mar 1915, 01 Jul 1916

Tilson, John Q. (Congressman, Conn.): 18 Apr 1929

Tobey, Charles W. (Senator, N. H.): 12 Jan 1948

Tony, F. A. ( -- Strand -- magazine): 06 Nov 1914

Towner, H. M. (Governor, Puerto Rico): 14 Jul 1924, 15 Apr 1925

Treadway, Allen T. (Congressman, Mass.): 25 May 1935

Trimble, South (Congressman): 24 Nov 1915, 11 Mar 1938

Trinkle, E. Lee (Governor, Virginia): 04 Feb 1925, 02 Mar 1925, 22 Jun 1925, 08 Jan 1926

Truesdell, George: 08 Jun 1906 (re McClellan statue)

Truman, Bess: 31 May 1949

Truman, Harry S: 07 Jun 1945 (copy of letter to Col. Johnson), 29 Mar 1946

Tydings, Millard E. (Senator, Maryland): 10 May 1935, 14 May 1935, 10 Jun 1938, 17 Jun 1938, 09 Sep 1938, 20 Sep 1938, 07 Mar 1944, 01 May 1944, 09 May 1944

Underwood, Oscar W. (Congressman, Alabama): 26 Feb 1912, 10 Mar 1916, 06 Jan 1917, 11 Feb 1920

Vincent, B. M. (Congressman, Kentucky): 07 Sep 1940 (letter about him)

Vinson, Carl (Congressman, Georgia): 09 Jun 1920

Wadsworth, James W. (Congressman, N. Y.): 13 Feb 1941

Walker, Frank C. (Postmaster General): 26 Nov 1941, 05 Nov 1943, 06 Jul 1943

Wallace, Henry A. (Secretary of Agriculture): undated (2), one illustrated), 01 Feb 1937, 06 Dec 1937

Ward, H. S. (Congressman, North Carolina): undated

Warner, V. (Congressman): 14 Jan 1905

Warren, Francis E. (Senator): 10 May 1920, 15 Oct 1924, 18 Oct 1924 (letter about him), 24 Nov 1924, 17 Feb 1925

Warren, Lindsay C. (Congressman, North Carolina): 11 Mar 1935, 13 Mar 1935

Watterson, Henry ( -- Courier-Journal -- ): 22 Apr 1912 (2)

Webster, Harold Tucker: 17 May 1918, 01 Jul 1918, 17 Jul 1918, 29 Aug 1918 (2), 09 Oct 1918, 06 Nov 1918

Westerman ( -- Ohio State Journal -- ): undated

Wetmore, A. (Smithsonian Institution): 26 Jul 1944

Wheeler, Burton K. (Senator, Montana): undated (letter from Mrs. Wheeler), 27 Jan 1937, 05 Aug 1941

White, Edward D. (Supreme Court Justice): 06 Feb 1917

Wickard, Claude R. (Secretary of Agriculture): 30 Jan 1942, 11 Feb 1942, 16 Apr 1942

Wickersham, George W.: 23 Dec 1930, 17 Dec 1934

Wile, Frederic William: 12 May 1924 (letter of introduction for William Schofield), 15 Nov 1928

Williams, John Sharp (Senator): 14 May 1914

Willis, Frank B. (Senator, Ohio): 13 Feb 1928

Willkie, Wendell L.: 02 May 1944

Wilson, Charles R. (candidate for Mayor, Huntington West Virginia): 21 Mar 1928, 14 May 1932

Wilson, Edith Bolling: 26 Mar 1916, 10 Feb 1917

Wilson, James (Secretary of Agriculture): 30 Jan 1909

Wilson, Lyle C. (United Press Assocs.): 29 Mar 1945

Wilson, Woodrow: 04 Dec 1916

Winslow, Samuel E. (Congressman, Massachusetts): 13 Feb 1920, 20 Feb 1925

Wood, Edwin O. (Democratic National Committee): 09 Dec 1911 (2), 24 Jul 1914, 10 Sep 1914

Wood, Will R. (Congressman, Indiana): 20 Jul 1916, 03 Mar 1925

Woodin, William H. (Sec. of the Treasury): 07 Jun 1933

Woodward, Donald (Woodward & Lothrop department store): 17 Jan 1921

Work, Hubert (Secretary of the Interior): 31 Dec 1926, 12 Jan 1927, 23 Jun 1928

Works?, John D. (Senator): 29 Mar 1916

Young, George M. (Congressman, N. D.): 07 Oct 1925

Zears, Guy (Congressman): 28 Dec 1940

Zihlman, Frederick N. (Congressman, Md.): 10 Feb 1927

Zimmerman, Eugene ZIM"; (cartoonist): 02 Jul 1929 (letter about him from Freeman H. Hubbard), 05 Jul 1929 (letter about ZIM from C.Berryman)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Berryman family papers, 1829-1984, bulk 1882-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.berrfami, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Berryman family papers
Berryman family papers / Series 1: Clifford and Kate Berryman Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-berrfami-ref22

Edisto Island -- Oak Island Plantation

Creator:
Seabrook, William E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Oak Island Plantation (Edisto Island, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Edisto Island
General:
See the Western Reserve Historical Society for the original images.
Further sources of information about Oak Island Plantation include: Garden Club of America. Gardens of Colony and State: Gardens and Gardeners of the American Colonies and of the Republic before 1840. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1931-1934.
Related Materials:
Oak Island Plantation related holdings consist of 4 35mm slides (photographs) and 1 file folder.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Garden houses  Search this
Aerial views  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Colonnades  Search this
Men  Search this
Civil war -- South Carolina  Search this
Plantations  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File SC056
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12500

Oak Island Plantation: woman carrying long hoe used to cultivate cotton.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (black-and-white.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Oak Island Plantation (Edisto Island, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Edisto Island
Date:
1900
General:
Further sources of information about Oak Island Plantation include: Garden Club of America. Gardens of Colony and State: Gardens and Gardeners of the American Colonies and of the Republic before 1840. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1931-1934.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
African-American gardeners  Search this
Agricultural land  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Piers  Search this
Hoes  Search this
Women  Search this
Men  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Civil war -- South Carolina  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC056002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC056: Edisto Island -- Oak Island Plantation
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12920

Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Former owner:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
Go Forth and Serve: Black Land Grant Colleges (Exhibition) (Washington, D.C.: 1990)  Search this
Howard University  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot
18 Videocassettes (VHS)
15 Cassette tapes
38 Videocassettes (Video 8)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videocassettes (vhs)
Cassette tapes
Videocassettes (video 8)
Videotapes
Oral history
Interviews
Audiotapes
Date:
1992-1993
Summary:
An oral history project that grew out of the exhibit "Go Forth and Serve" which commemorated the 100th anniversary of the drafting of the second Morrill Act, which provided funds for the founding of land grant schools of higher education for black students.
Scope and Contents:
Oral history interviews, on film and audio, on the subject of African American land grant colleges, conducted in conjunction with the exhibition "Go Forth and Serve" at the National Museum of American History in 1990.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into one series. It is organized alphabetically by the name of college or university that is the subject of the interview.
Biographical / Historical:
"Go Forth and Serve", an exhibition curated by Lonnie Bunch and Spencer Crew, opened in March 1990 at the National Museum of American History to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the drafting of the second Morrill Act, which provided funds for the founding of land grant schools of higher education for black students. The exhibition was co-sponsored by the Department of Agriculture and the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges. There was a subsequent newsletter, and oral interviews were conducted.
Provenance:
Collection made by the Smithsonian Institution Division of Cultural History, National Museum of American History.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Topic:
Alcorn State University  Search this
Tennessee State University  Search this
Fort Valley State University  Search this
South Carolina State University  Search this
Delaware State University  Search this
Prairie View A & M University  Search this
West Virginia State University  Search this
Langston University  Search this
Lincoln University (Jefferson City, Mo.)  Search this
University of Maryland Eastern Shore  Search this
Kentucky State University  Search this
State universities and colleges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes -- 1990-2000
Oral history -- 1950-2000
Interviews -- 1950-2000
Audiotapes -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0614
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0614

South Carolina State University (SCSU)

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Collection Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Collection Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection / Series 1: Oral Histories
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0614-ref27

Mrs. Sarah Waymer, Dr. William Hine

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Collection Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (Video 8)
Type:
Archival materials
Videocassettes (video 8)
Date:
1993 August 19
Scope and Contents:
Mrs. Waymer is a retired Home Economics professor. Dr. Hine is a professor of Political Science.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Collection Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection / Series 1: Oral Histories / South Carolina State University (SCSU)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0614-ref53

Dr. Barbara Jenkins, President Dr. Maceo Nance

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Collection Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (Video 8)
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (video 8)
Date:
1993 August 19
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Collection Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection / Series 1: Oral Histories / South Carolina State University (SCSU)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0614-ref55

Dr. D.M. Zimmerman, Mrs. Geraldyne Zimmerman, MR. H.B. Paisley

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Collection Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (Video 8)
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (video 8)
Date:
1993 August 19
Scope and Contents:
Mr. Zimmerman, is the retired superintendant of Buildings and Grounds, Mrs. Zimmerman a retired professor of Mathematics, and Mr. Paisley a retired Agricultural Extension Agent
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Collection Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection / Series 1: Oral Histories / South Carolina State University (SCSU)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0614-ref56

Mr. Leon Chavous, Mrs. Gracia Dawson, Mrs. Emma Casselberry

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.  Search this
Collection Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (Video 8)
Container:
Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Videocassettes (video 8)
Date:
1993 August 19
Scope and Contents:
Mr. Chavous is the director of Research and Extension, Mrs. Dawson retired librarian, and Mrs. Casselberry retired secretary to the president.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction may be limited due to intellectual property rights. No releases exist.
Collection Citation:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection, 1992-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection
Go Forth and Serve: African American Land Grant Colleges Audiovisual Collection / Series 1: Oral Histories / South Carolina State University (SCSU)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0614-ref58

Diploma to Mr. J.L. Speake (agent?) for a four-horse portable engine: State Agricultural Mechanical Society of South Carolina

Collection Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Container:
Box 41, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1877
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Frick Company Records / Series 6: Trade Shows and Expositions / 6.1: Awards, Certificates, and Diplomas
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0293-ref599

William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Diary

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 39, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref167
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  • View Diary digital asset number 1

Discusses his childhood in Sturgis, Michigan; education; early employment at MSC; fieldwork; publications; experiences during the Great Depression; interest in taxonomy; career at USDA; creation and development of the Code, including: Childhood interes...

Collection Creator::
Sabrosky, Curtis W. (Curtis Williams), 1910- , interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9583, Curtis W. Sabrosky Oral History Interviews
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Curtis W. Sabrosky Oral History Interviews
Curtis W. Sabrosky Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9583-refidd1e249

Memoirs and Correspondence Sent to Family, numbered 1-31

Collection Author:
Boyd, Theodore E.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1973-1974
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection, Accession 2013-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
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Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection / Series 2: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2013-0016-ref22
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Memoirs and Correspondence Sent to Family, unnumbered

Collection Author:
Boyd, Theodore E.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1972-1983
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection, Accession 2013-0016, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection
Theodore E. Boyd World War I Collection / Series 2: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2013-0016-ref23
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Maid of Cotton Records

Creator:
Cotton Museum (Memphis, Tennessee)  Search this
National Cotton Council  Search this
Extent:
38 Cubic feet (90 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videocassettes
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks
Reports
Programs
Photographs
Photograph albums
Audiotapes
Place:
Memphis (Tenn.)
Date:
1939-1994
Summary:
The Maid of Cotton (MOC) beauty pageant was sponsored by the National Cotton Council, Memphis Cotton Carnival, and the Cotton Exchanges of Memphis, New York, and New Orleans from 1939-1993. The contest was held annually in Memphis, Tennessee until the National Cotton Council and Cotton Council International moved to Dallas, Texas. Beginning with the 1985 pageant (held December 1984) the competition was held in Dallas. The pageant was discontinued in 1993 due to lack of funds, a sponsor, and changes in marketing strategies. The records include files on contestants, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains the records for the Maid of Cotton pageant (1939-1993) sponsored by the National Cotton Council (NCC), Memphis Cotton Carnival, and the Cotton Exchanges of Memphis, New York, and New Orleans. The collection consists of approximately 38 cubic feet of records created by the NCC in the course of operating the Maid of Cotton contest from 1939 to 1993. The records form the complete archive of this fifty-four year program. The records include administrative files, scrapbooks, photographs, slides, and videotapes.

"One of the main values of the Maid of Cotton collection is its completeness. These are all of the official records of the program, documenting all of its activities throughout its entire existence from 1939 to 1993. As such, it represents a truly unique documentary record and opportunity for research.

Beauty contests have been the subject of serious scholarly study for many years. A search of WorldCat reveals over fifty books on the topic. Scholars have found the subject to be a fruitful springboard from which to study a wide variety of topics, primarily centered around issues of beauty, femininity, culture values, national identity, racism, and feminism.

Beauty pageants serve as symbols that reflect the values of American culture. For example, pageant winners have symbolized the advances made by formerly disenfranchised groups. Vanessa Williams, the first African American to win the Miss America crown (1983), rewrote the definition of beauty in America, and Heather Whitestone, the first deaf Miss America (1995), proved that physical handicaps need not hold anyone back from their dreams. Pageants can provide a focus for the re-examination of our society and culture. The tragic murder of six-year-old Jonbenet Ramsey in 1996 provided a window into what author Susan Anderson calls "the extravagant world of child beauty pageants," that led to public debate about issues of motherhood and adolescence.

In addition, beauty pageants can be viewed in advertising terms: they are the ultimate expression of the tried and true adage that sex sells. All pageants have sponsors and all sponsors want their products to be seen in a positive light. Some sponsors are content to contribute goods and services to the contestants --a new car, a trip to the Caribbean, a fur coat, etc. --so that their generosity can be noted in the publicity surrounding the contest. Others prefer to sponsor the entire program. The Miss Universe contest, for example, was created in 1952 by the Jantzen Company specifically to enable the company to showcase pretty girls wearing its swimsuits. Jantzen abruptly withdrew its previous support of the Miss America pageant when Yolande Betbeze refused to wear a bathing suit during her reign as Miss America 1951. The Maid of Cotton pageant is a highly organized, year-long, very visible public relations program that allows the National Cotton Council to showcase the wonders of cotton through the wonders of young beauty queens. Attractive young women are the perfect vehicle for promoting fashionable fabrics made from cotton.

Cotton --the product at the heart of the Maid of Cotton program --has been central to American economic and political history. NMAH's collecting and research interests reflect this. The Division of Work & Industry contains numerous cotton-related objects and much documentation on the subject. The Archives Center holds several cotton-related collections, including the Peter Paul Haring Papers, 1897-1935, documenting Haring's development of cotton picking machinery; the Lockwood Greene collection of thousands of engineering drawings, many of which were for textile mills; the Robert L. Shurr Script and Scrapbook for a 1939 biographical motion picture on Dr. George Washington Carver; and the Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records, 1985-1992, which documents modern cotton farming through photography and oral history interviews. In addition, all aspects of cotton production, from farm to factory to finished goods, are documented in several hundred photos in the Underwood & Underwood Agricultural Photonegative Collection, the Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, the Division of Work & Industry Lantern Slide Collection, and the Donald Sultner-Welles Photograph Collection. Cultural aspects of cotton can be discovered in both the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana and in the DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music." (Orr, Craig. "NMAH Collections Committee", memorandum, 2009)

Series 1, Organizational and Pageant Files, 1939-1993, undated., is arranged chronologically by year. Files may contain correspondence, photographs, news clippings, radio commercial scripts, tear sheets, itineraries, trip reports, sheet music, legal documents, waivers, and permissions, and other material related to the Maid of Cotton pageant for that year. Files may also contain subsequent personal information on the Maid of Cotton for that year, for example change of address, news clippings, and the like. This series contains finalist files, trip files and tour report files.

Series 2, Photographs, Slides, and Transparencies, 1939-1994, undated., is arranged chronologically by year. This series contains photographs, slides, and transparencies related to the Maid of Cotton and her travels throughout the United States and overseas. It also contains photographs of the fashions worn by each Maid.

Series 3, Scrapbooks, 1951-1988, contains the scrapbooks created by the National Cotton Council office as well as scrapbooks created by the Maids themselves or others for her. Scrapbooks most often contain news clippings, ephemera, and sometimes correspondence.

Series 4, Audio-Visual, 1991-1993. This series contains video and audio related to the Maid of Cotton. It is currently unprocessed.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Organizational and Pageant Files, 1939-1993, undated

Subseries 1.1: Maid of Cotton files, 1939-1993

Subseries 1.2: Little Miss Cotton, 1956-1963, undated

Series 2: Photographs, Slides, and Transparencies, 1939-1994, undated

Subseries 2.1: Photographic Negatives and Transparencies, 1939-1993, undated

Subseries 2.2: Slides, 1939-1993, undated

Series 3: Scrapbooks, 1951-1988

Series 4: Audio-Visual, 1991-1993, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Maid of Cotton pageant began in 1939. The annual pageant was sponsored by the National Cotton Council (NCC), Memphis Cotton Carnival, and the Cotton Exchanges of Memphis, New York, and New Orleans. The pageant was held in Memphis, Tennessee, in conjunction with the Carnival until the 1980s.

In mid-December every year the NCC released a list of contestants. Contestants were required to have been born in one of the cotton-producing states: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North and South Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas or Virginia. They might have also been born in the cotton-producing counties of Alexander, Jefferson, Massac, Pulaski, Williamson or Madison, Illinois or in Clark or Nye counties of Nevada. There were usually twenty contestants each year.

Contestants were judged on personality, good manners, intelligence, and family background as well as beauty and an ability to model. A Top Ten were chosen and then a Top Five, and finally second and first runners up and a winner. Winners served as goodwill and fashion ambassadors of the cotton industry in a five-month, all-expense tour of American cities. In the mid-1950s the tour expanded globally. In the late 1950s a Little Miss Cotton pageant was begun but lasted only until 1963 before being discontinued. In the mid-1980s Dallas,Texas took over the pageant, in conjunction with the NCC and its overseas division, Cotton Council International. In 1986, to bolster interest and participation, the NCC eliminated the rule requiring contestants to be born in a cotton-producing state. The pageant was discontinued in 1993, one of the reasons being that Cotton Inc. stopped contributing scholarship money as well as waning public interest and changing marketing strategies. (pageantopolis.com website accessed April 2012.)

"The National Cotton Council is the official trade association of the cotton industry. The NCC was founded in 1939 to promote the interests of cotton farmers, ginners, brokers, and manufacturers from the Southern, cotton-growing states. Its mission evolved over the years as new uses for cotton and its byproducts have been found; as competition from synthetic fibers developed; as fashion tastes changed; as government regulation increased; and in response to foreign competition in both farming and manufacturing . The NCC website states that its modern-day mission is "to ensure the ability of all U.S. cotton industry segments to compete effectively and profitably in the raw cotton, oilseed and U.S.-manufactured product markets at home and abroad." Throughout its existence, the NCC has been the contact point for issues affecting its members, legislators in Congress, allied agribusiness, and consumers.

One of the first NCC programs undertaken by to promote the versatility and value of cotton to consumers was the Maid of Cotton program, begun in 1939. This consisted of a beauty pageant open to young women born in one of the seventeen southern cotton growing states. The contestants were evaluated on the basis of beauty, personality, poise, good manners, and intelligence; a family background in cotton production was especially helpful. The girls had to apply for selection to compete in the program. At first this was done directly to the Memphis-based program but eventually a system of state Maid of Cotton programs were established, whose winners went on to compete in the national Maid of Cotton contest. The Maid of Cotton received numerous prizes, whose value and variety tended to increase over the years. In the late 1940s, the program added a scholarship prize, probably in emulation of the Miss America contest. The Maid of Cotton pageant was held each December in Memphis as part of that city's Cotton Carnival festivities. The winner was featured prominently on her own float in the Cotton Carnival parade, was feted at prestigious Carnival events, and was treated as royalty wherever she went. Selection as the Maid of Cotton carried a high degree of status and mature ladies in the South to this day proudly identify themselves as such.

The Maid of Cotton's main function, once crowned, was to serve as a goodwill and fashion ambassador for cotton; any publicity she gained was automatically positive publicity for the cotton industry. Accompanied by an NCC-appointed manager, the Maids embarked on an all-expenses-paid tour. The Maids appeared in full regalia at public events such as county fairs, parades, and holiday events; starred in fashion shows featuring all-cotton outfits; gave speeches to local chambers of commerce and other groups; and in general were the attractive personification of the cotton industry wherever they went. At first, the tours concentrated on the cotton states but they were later extended to major cities outside the cotton belt and came to include visits to legislators on Capitol Hill. Beginning in the mid-1950s, the Maids began touring internationally and in the 1970s and 1980s they frequently headed up fashion shows in Asia.

Over time, however, the publicity value of an industry-anointed beauty queen lost its attraction both to the public and --more importantly --to the press. In addition, the role of cotton in the South, particularly in Memphis, declined. In 1986 the contest was moved from Memphis to Dallas. Eventually the cotton industry withdrew its support for the program's scholarships; the 1993 Maid of Cotton was the last to be crowned." (Orr, Craig. "NMAH Collections Committee", memorandum, 2009)
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

National Cotton Council Records, circa 1960s-1980s (AC1177)

Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records, 1986-1991 (AC0773)
Provenance:
This collection was donated by the Cotton Museum at the Memphis Cotton Exchange on October 14, 2009.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the negatives are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Beauty contestants  Search this
Cotton textile industry  Search this
Cotton industry  Search this
Beauty contests -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videocassettes
Slides (photographs)
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Reports
Programs -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Audiotapes
Citation:
Maid of Cotton Records, 1939-1993, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1176
See more items in:
Maid of Cotton Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1176
Online Media:

A Celebration of the American Tent Show

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
Tent theater developed in America as a popular form in the late 1870s, during a period of profound social change brought about by the shift from a rural agricultural to an urban industrial economy. Burgeoning metropolitan areas had become the principal stages of expressive culture, and their theaters mirrored the ethos and concerns of the urban populace rather than those of their rural neighbors. Those in the small towns viewed the theater with mixed emotions: though the stage was admittedly a vehicle for respectable cultural expression, its urban form was seen as basically disreputable. A rural theater movement that reflected provincial tastes and borrowed heavily from regional folk culture eventually developed out of this tension.

Borrowing from circus and minstrel traditions, tent rep companies usually opened the show with a band concert and interspersed variety specialties, ranging from juggling to ventriloquism, between the three or four acts of the play. The dramas themselves were often built around the ideological conflict between country and city life, idealizing the common man in a way that appealed to rural audiences. Certainly the most enduring character to rise out of this dramatic genre was that of Toby, a redheaded, freckle-faced country boy whose humorous antics and recurrent, though at times unwitting, triumphs over the forces of evil made him a favorite. With a personality drawn directly from American folklore, Toby captured the hearts of rural theater-goers and became so popular that many tent rep companies regularly included a Toby bill in their weekly fare. (The 1969 Festival featured a Toby show from Iowa.)

Whereas these tent shows were largely made up of white performers, a distinct Afro American entertainment tradition also thrived under canvas. From the 1920s through the 1940s, large troupes of black musicians, dancers, and comedians traveled through the South in variety shows such as the Silas Green or Florida Blossom minstrels. Using a format that merged minstrelsy with vaudeville, these tent spectacles presented fast-paced revues of classic blues singers, jazz bands, tap and eccentric dancers, comedy teams and choruses of dancing girls. Blues singers such as Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith and comics such as Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham and Butterbeans and Susie spent much of their careers on the tent show circuit, performing material firmly rooted in black folk culture to enthusiastic Afro American audiences.

By the end of World War II, the number of tent shows on the road had markedly decreased; most of the survivors have since disappeared, leaving only a vestige of the tradition. In the course of their history, tent shows brought pleasure to millions, offering entertainment reflecting the rich folk culture from which they evolved while creating and popularizing new heroes, songs, jokes, and dances. By presenting black and white performers from the tent show tradition, the 1981 Festival hoped to celebrate this oft-forgotten era of American folk and popular entertainment history.
Participants:
Howard Armstrong, 1909-2003, medicine show musician, Detroit, Michigan

L.C. Armstrong, medicine show musician, Detroit, Michigan

Fred Foster Bloodgood, 1910-1997, medicine show pitchman, Madison, Wisconsin

Betty Bryant, 1922-1999, show boat performer, Park Ridge, Illinois

Ken Griffin, 1914-1998, tent show magician, Muncie, Indiana

Roberta Griffin, 1925-, tent show magician, Muncie, Indiana

DeWitt "Snuffy" Jenkins, 1908-1990, country music show musician, Columbia, South Carolina

Harold Lucas, country music show musician, Swansea, South Carolina

Marcy Maynard, -2000, repertoire show performer, Endicott, New York

Tex Maynard, -1991, repertoire show performer, Endicott, New York

Julian L. "Greasy" Medlin, 1910-1982, medicine show and repertoire show performer, Columbia, South Carolina

Homer L. "Pappy" Sherrill, 1915-2001, country music show performer, Chapin, South Carolina
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1981, Series 4
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1981 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1981-ref34

Festival Recordings: Farm Music Stage: Opening Ceremonies

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Family Farm Program 1991 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Fries, Colin (recorder)  Search this
Adams, Robert McC. (Robert McCormick), 1926-2018  Search this
Hurley, James  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon), 1913-2001  Search this
Kent, Dorothy  Search this
Clark, Eleanor Arnold, 1911-  Search this
Madigan, Edward Rell, 1936-  Search this
Brown, Ruth, 1928-2006  Search this
Kurin, Richard, 1950-  Search this
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Lund, Marian Hope, 1924-2008  Search this
Harkin, Tom  Search this
Simon, Paul, 1928-2003  Search this
Applebee, Kenny, 1951-  Search this
Smith, Lynn, 1952-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Indonesian  Search this
Ecuadorians  Search this
Kenyan  Search this
Shuar Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Illinois
Missouri
Rush Hill (Mo.)
Grayslake (Ill.)
Indonesia
Kalimantan (Indonesia)
Ecuador
South Carolina
John's Island (S.C.)
Date:
1991 June 28
Contents:
Opening Ceremony speakers include: Robert McCormick Adams, James Hurley, S. Dillon Ripley, Ambassador Ramley of Indonesia, Eleanor Arnold, Sen. Paul Simon, Secretary of Agriculture Ed Madigan, Ruth Brown, Vicki McGraw of Interior Dept., Richard Kurin, Jim Morris, Ralph Rinzler, Marian Lund, Sen. Tim Harkin
Track Information:
101 Opening Ceremonies: "Chirps" Smith Family: "The Rush and the Pepper" / Dorothy Kent, Kenny Applebee, Lynn Smith. Fiddle,Guitar.

102 Opening Ceremonies: Hornbill Dance.

103 Opening Ceremonies: Greeting Dance (?) / Flute.

104 Opening Ceremonies: Moving Star Hall Singers "You Got to Move".

105 Opening Ceremonies / James Hurley, Robert McCormick Adams, Sidney Dillon Ripley.
Local Numbers:
FP-1991-CT-0041-5
General:
tape /
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 28, 1991.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Fiddle tunes  Search this
Dance  Search this
Spirituals (Songs)  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Narratives  Search this
Violin  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Flute  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1991 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1991, Item FP-1991-CT-0041
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1991 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1991 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: Family Farming in the Heartland / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1991-ref690

A – F

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1867
Collection Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Collection Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M809, Subseries 7.6
See more items in:
Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1870
Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1870 / Series 7: Letters Received
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-fb-m809-ref25
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