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Olaff Bischoff [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
South Africa
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Warren M. Robbins Library, National Museum of African Art
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_87911

South Africa - Lesotho, 1981

Collection Creator::
Sohn, I. G. (Israel Gregory), 1911-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 6 of 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-079, I. G. (Israel Gregory) Sohn Papers
See more items in:
I. G. (Israel Gregory) Sohn Papers
I. G. (Israel Gregory) Sohn Papers / Box 6
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-079-refidd1e2263

Folder 13

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Associates  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 00-058, Smithsonian Associates, Audiotapes
See more items in:
Audiotapes
Audiotapes / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa00-058-refidd1e494

CASME - South Africa - Contact sheet and negatives, 1995

Collection Creator::
National Science Resources Center Department of Communications and Publications  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-007, National Science Resources Center Department of Communications and Publications, Publication Records
See more items in:
Publication Records
Publication Records / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa08-007-refidd1e1272

South Africa Collecting

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Invertebrate Zoology  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-112, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Correspondence
See more items in:
Correspondence
Correspondence / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-112-refidd1e2483

Nature Series, Plants of the Cape of the South Africa, Elize Beoley, 3/31/1989

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Office of Guest Services  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-214, National Museum of Natural History. Office of Guest Services, Friday Noon Lecture Program Audiotapes
See more items in:
Friday Noon Lecture Program Audiotapes
Friday Noon Lecture Program Audiotapes / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-214-refidd1e518

Records

Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Grasses  Search this
Extent:
13.84 cu. ft. (8 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (13 12x17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
China -- History $y Civil War, 1945-1949
Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng, China)
South America
Africa
Canada
Brazil
Date:
1884, 1888, 1899-1965
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document the history of the agrostology section of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture (1901-1939), and the Section of Grasses, United States National Herbarium, United States National Museum (1912-1963) at the time Albert Spear Hitchcock and Mary Agnes Chase worked for the USDA and the USNH, as well as the scientific endeavors of Hitchcock and Chase. Included are personal papers, which also predate Hitchcock's and Chase's tenure with the USDA and USNH. Records of the USDA were probably transferred to the Smithsonian when Hitchcock became custodian of the grass section, USNH. These papers include loose incoming and outgoing correspondence with U.S. and foreign botanists; directors and botanists of herbaria; agrononomists; collectors of botanical specimens; seed laboratories, floral companies; USDA staff members; Smithsonian Institution staff members; agricultural schools and agricultural experiment stations; colleagues; friends; publishers; and scientific societies, regarding identification, examination, and reports on plants and grasses; exchange and transfer of specimens, gifts and loans of specimen collections; information regarding plants and grasses for sheep and other livestock; explorations and botanical collecting expeditions; taxonomy; nomenclature; sick and annual leave; requests for positions with the USDA; recommendations for colleagues for positions, recommendations for fellowships; recommendations for publication of manuscripts; requests for publications; election to scientific societies; administrative status of the grass section, USNH (1938), Mary Agnes Chase Fund (1953-1961); feminist movement; pacifism and politics in Europe before and during the Second World War; political and economic conditions during the Chinese Civil War, especially in Foochow (1949); outgoing letterpress correspondence (1905-1923) concerning the above; also biographies, manuscripts, newspaper clippings, photographs, and scrapbook.
Historical Note:
Albert Spear Hitchcock, botanist, a distinguished authority on the grasses of the world, was born in Owasso, Michigan, on September 4, 1865. After spending his early years growing up in Kansas and Nebraska, Hitchcock entered Iowa State Agricultural College, receiving his B.S. in 1884, and an M.S. in 1886. Though influenced by botanists Charles Edwin Bessey and Herbert Osborn, Hitchcock majored in chemistry and accepted his first position in 1886 as an instructor of chemistry at Iowa State University. During the summer months, Hitchcock returned to Ames to botanize the region.

In 1889, Hitchcock gave up his chemistry position for a lesser salary in order to work under William Trelease at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, working as an instructor in the Engelmann School of Botany, Washington University, curator of the herbarium, and librarian at the Botanical Garden. Hitchcock left St. Louis to become professor of botany at Kansas Agricultural College, 1892-1901; and in 1901 began his association with the United States Department of Agriculture as an assistant agrostologist under Frank Lamson-Scribner. The association was to last until Hitchcock's death in 1935.

Until 1905, most of Hitchcock's work at the USDA was in the economic field of grasses. In 1905 he changed places with Charles Vancouver Piper and took over the grass herbarium in order to conduct taxonomic studies. Hitchcock became the systematic agrostologist at the USDA, and after 1928 held the title of principal botanist in charge of systematic agrostology, USDA.

Hitchcock's relationship with the Smithsonian dates back to October 10, 1912, when he was made custodian of grasses, Section of Grasses, Division of Plants, United States National Museum. Apparently, though the USDA herbarium was transferred to the Smithsonian and merged with the Smithsonian collections in 1896 (see description of the Hunt Institute collection 105), the grass section of the herbarium remained with the USDA and was not transferred until later, possibly in 1912 when Hitchcock held joint positions with the USDA and the Smithsonian. Hitchcock remained custodian (without remuneration) of the Section of Grasses until his death. Under Hitchcock, the grass herbarium increased to become the largest and most complete collection of its kind in the world.

Hitchcock was very much interested in nomenclature and helped educate botanists throughout the world on the advantages of basing specimen names on the type method rather than on previous authority. His writings and support for the Fourth International Botanical Congress project on nomenclature reunion at Ithaca, New York, in 1926, helped lay the foundation for an international agreement on nomenclature at the Congress meeting held at Cambridge in 1930.

Hitchcock also originated the idea of preserving a portion of tropical jungle in the canal zone. While he was chairman of the Executive Committee of the Institute for Research in Tropical America, Barro Colorado Island was made into a permanent preserve. (See STRI records, Record Units 134 and 135, for a history of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.)

Hitchcock traveled widely collecting botanical specimens, including the entire United States, most of Latin America, and parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe. In 1929 he was the botanist representative from the United States at the British Association for the Advancement of Science meeting held in South Africa.

Among Hitchcock's 250 articles and books, his major works consisted of studies on the grasses of the United States. Included in his works are, Genera of Grasses of the United States; Manual of Farm Grasses; Manual of Grasses of the United States; Methods of Descriptive Systematic Botany; and Text-Book of Grasses.

Hitchcock received an Sc.D. from Iowa State College in 1920, and in 1934 he was awarded an honorary D.Sc. degree from Kansas State College.

Feminist and botanist Mary Agnes Chase, considered "one of the world's outstanding agrostologists and preeminent among American students in this field," by the Botanical Society of America upon presentation of her Certificate of Merit in 1956, was born in Iroquois County, Illinois, on April 20, 1869. Educated in the public and private schools of Chicago, Chase became interested in botany at an early age, working at night as a proofreader and botanizing during the day. Though Chase took extension course work from the Lewis Institute and the University of Chicago, the only degree she received was an honorary degree of Doctor of Science from the University of Illinois in 1958.

In 1901, Chase became an assistant in botany at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, working with Charles Frederick Millspaugh and illustrating each species with line drawings for his article, "Plantae Yucatanae." Chase left Chicago in 1903 to become a botanical illustrator for the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C. Working beyond office hours, Chase spent her time on the collections of the grass herbarium in order to prepare a series of articles on the genera of Paniceae.

From 1907 to 1923, Chase held the position of scientific assistant in systematic agrostology, becoming assistant botanist in 1923 and associate botanist in 1925. Upon the death of Albert Spear Hitchcock, Chase became senior botanist in charge of systematic agrostology in 1936, and at the same time, became custodian of the Section of Grasses, Division of Plants, United States National Museum. She retired from the USDA in 1939, retaining her position as custodian for the grass section in the USNM. When the Division of Plants reorganized in 1947, becoming the Department of Botany, the Section of Grasses became the Division of Grasses, with Jason Richard Swallen becoming assistant curator and then curator of the Division. Chase was made a research associate in the Department, but still, it appears, retained a position as honorary custodian of the grass herbarium.

In 1959, Chase was made an Honorary Fellow of the Smithsonian, the eighth fellow in the history of the Institution. Among Chase's publications, her important works are First Book of Grasses; a revision of the Manual of Grasses of the United States; and a three-volume index to grass species that contains information from approximately 80,000 index cards. This last undertaking was published in 1962. Chase died September 24, 1963.
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Botanists  Search this
Feminism  Search this
Pacifism  Search this
Political science  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 229, United States National Museum. Division of Grasses, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 229
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0229

South Africa, 1985

Collection Creator::
National Museum of American History. Division of Information Technology and Society  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-226, National Museum of American History. Division of Information Technology and Society, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Curatorial Records / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa17-226-refidd1e1128

South Africa Trip, 2010

Collection Creator::
National Museum of African Art. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2031; Transferring office; 3/30/2017 memorandum, Yowell to Holmes; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-206, National Museum of African Art. Office of the Director, Director's Records
See more items in:
Director's Records
Director's Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa17-206-refidd1e351

Untitled

Collection Creator::
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Curatorial Department  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Embassy of South Africa
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-179, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Curatorial Department, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-179-refidd1e378

Distemper: Ambassador Franklin Sonn, South Africa; 1995

Collection Creator::
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Curatorial Department  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-179, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. Curatorial Department, Exhibition Records
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Exhibition Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa07-179-refidd1e387

Folder 7 Hotton, Nicholas, III, 1957-1967. Includes research proposals by Hotton to the National Science Foundation, "Adaptive Evolution and Paleocology of the Permo-Triassic Reptiles of South Africa," 1960, with progress reports; and to the Smithsonia...

Collection Creator::
Gazin, C. Lewis (Charles Lewis), 1904-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 47
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7314, Charles Lewis Gazin Papers
See more items in:
Charles Lewis Gazin Papers
Charles Lewis Gazin Papers / Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE, 1911, 1930-1983, AND UNDATED. / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7314-refidd1e1856

FAF/SM96-062 - James Early, June 30, 1996.

Container:
Box 1 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9594, , Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
See more items in:
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9594-refidd1e2889

FAF/SM96-083 - Mark Geiger, July 3, 1996.

Container:
Box 1 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9594, , Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
See more items in:
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9594-refidd1e3586

FAF/SM96-085 - John Franklin, July 3, 1996.

Container:
Box 1 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9594, , Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
See more items in:
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9594-refidd1e3652

FAF/SM96-145 - Amy Kotkin, July 7, 1996.

Container:
Box 2 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9594, , Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
See more items in:
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Memories Project, Festival of American Folklife / Box 2
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9594-refidd1e5673

Sea Fishes of South Africa, 1984

Collection Creator::
Gibbs, Robert H., Jr.  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 14
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 89-009, Robert H. Gibbs, Jr. Papers
See more items in:
Robert H. Gibbs, Jr. Papers
Robert H. Gibbs, Jr. Papers / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa89-009-refidd1e1174

Committee on Apartheid, South Africa - 1986-1987

Collection Creator::
History of Science Society  Search this
Container:
Box 70 of 99
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7474, History of Science Society, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 70
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7474-refidd1e15799

Nature Conservation (South Africa)

Collection Creator::
Hoogstraal, Harry, 1917-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 46 of 121
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7454, Harry Hoogstraal Papers
See more items in:
Harry Hoogstraal Papers
Harry Hoogstraal Papers / Box 46
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7454-refidd1e50625

O. Zumpti - South Africa

Collection Creator::
Hoogstraal, Harry, 1917-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 93 of 121
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7454, Harry Hoogstraal Papers
See more items in:
Harry Hoogstraal Papers
Harry Hoogstraal Papers / Box 93
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7454-refidd1e87630

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