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World House Galleries records

Creator:
World House Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc.  Search this
Colgate University  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Parsons School of Design  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean, 1901-  Search this
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig, 1880-1938  Search this
Klee, Paul, 1879-1940  Search this
Mayer, Herbert, 1908-1991  Search this
Morandi, Giorgio, 1890-1964  Search this
Extent:
9.8 Linear feet (11 boxes, 1 OV)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1927-1991
bulk 1953-1980
Summary:
The records of New York City World House Galleries measure 9.8 linear feet and date from 1927 to 1991, with the bulk of them dating from 1953 to 1980. The collection documents the gallery's general business affairs, sales, and relationships with artists from 1953-1968, and later gifts and sales by founder entrepreneur and art collector Herbert Mayer. Artists for which files are found include Jean Dubuffet, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee and Georgio Morandi, among many others. Additional records include correspondence, inventory records, sales and purchase records, records of gifts and auctions, and shipping and consignment records.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York City World House Galleries measure 9.8 linear feet and date from 1927 to 1991, with the bulk of the records dating from 1953 to 1980. The collection documents the gallery's general business affairs, sales, and relationships with artists from 1953-1968, and later gifts and sales by founder entrepreneur and art collector Herbert Mayer. Artists for which files are found include Jean Dubuffet, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee and Georgio Morandi, among many others. Additional records include correspondence, inventory records, sales and purchase records, records of gifts and auctions, and shipping and consignment records.

Correspondence is somewhat scattered and concerns administrative matters and business with galleries, collectors, museums, and a few artists.

Artist files contain a variety of documents, such as correspondence, artist statements and resumes, sales records, printed materials, and photographs about artists who were either represented by World House Galleries or in whom the gallery was interested. Artists for which files are found include Jean Dubuffet, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee and Georgio Morandi, among many others.

Inventory records include art inventory lists and notes, provenance documentation, and consignment records. Also found are financial records of sales and of purchases made abroad and within the United States.

Documents about Herbert Mayer's donations to Colgate University and other organizations and institutions, including the Art Students League and Parsons School of Design are in the Gifts series. These records include correspondence, printed materials, and copies of agreements and forms.

Auction records are found for sales through Christie's, Sotheby's and Parke-Bernet auction houses of World House Galleries art inventory, and Herbert Mayer's personal art collection. This series contains photographs of art, auction catalogs, correspondence, and other miscellaneous materials.

Shipping files contain documents such as statements, customs forms, and correspondence about shipments of art from around the world, mostly from Europe, to World House Galleries.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1962-1987 (0.8 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1927-1991 (4.6 linear feet; Box 1-6, 11, OV 12)

Series 3: Inventory Records, 1953-1986 (0.6 linear feet; Box 6)

Series 4: Sales & Purchases, 1956-1987 (0.4 linear feet; Box 6-7)

Series 5: Gifts, 1970-1987 (0.6 linear feet; Box 7, 11, OV 12)

Series 6: Auctions, 1956-1959, 1968-1988 (1.4 linear feet; Box 7-9, 11)

Series 7: Shipping Statements, 1958, 1968-1986 (1.4 linear feet; Box 9-10)
Biographical / Historical:
World House Galleries was founded by Herbert Mayer, Sr. in 1953 in New York City. The gallery operated until 1968, representing an eclectic group of artists from around the world.

Herbert Mayer (circa 1911-1993) was a lawyer, businessman and owner of the World House Galleries in New York City. He attended Colgate University in Hamilton, New York where he majored in English and graduated in 1929. After graduation, he traveled through Europe with Colgate English Professor Russell Speirs and the four months he spent in Paris studying art at the Louvre was a formative experience for Mayer. He went on to attend law school at the University of Wisconsin. He was lawyer in New York until the early 1940s, then began selling television sets which were more familiar to the U.S. public after the 1939 World's Fair. In 1944, Mayer stopped practicing law and became a television magnate. He founded the Empire Coil Company, which manufactured radiofrequency coils for television sets and stations. From 1949 through 1952, Mayer launched television stations in Cleveland, Ohio; Portland, Oregon; and Kansas City, Missouri.

In 1953, Mayer bid farewell to the world of television and founded the World House Galleries. The gallery was located on Madison Avenue in New York City's Carlyle Hotel, occupying a total of 6,900 square feet on two floors. Architect Frederick Kiesler was commissioned to design the space. Mayer's goal was to attract a wider audience to contemporary international art and, in his words, "express the thinking and feeling of contemporary artists everywhere — wherever unusual talent is discovered." Mayer worked closely with Colgate Professor Alfred Krakusin, who became the gallery advisor, and the two frequently traveled together in search of new art. On his trips abroad, Mayer also purchased art for his personal collection.

World House Galleries represented an eclectic group of European artists such as Jean Dubuffet, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee and Georgio Morandi in addition to lesser known artists. World House Galleries exhibitions included art for sale within the gallery, as well as art loaned from private collections and museums. The gallery represented an eclectic group of artists from Austria, France, Finland, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Spain and Sweden. Mayer and Krakusin also collaborated on Sculptura, a business which created bronze casts of statues and plaques to be sold at the gallery.

World House Galleries had strong ties with Colgate University and Mayer arranged numerous exhibitions at his alma mater between 1956 and 1962. The exhibitions were held in the basement of Lawrence Hall and showcased art from World House Galleries and Mayer's personal collection. In 1958, Mayer donated the first of many gifts of art to Colgate University. His largest gift of almost 2000 paintings, sculptures, and drawings occurred in 1967 and became the core collection for what is now known as Colgate's Picker Art Gallery.

After World House Galleries closed in 1968 Herbert Mayer continued to sell art through auction houses and galleries as well as make donations to Colgate and various other organizations through the 1980s. In early 1971, Mayer contacted Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc. to arrange an auction of artwork from his personal collection. The bulk of his collection was sold through Parke-Bernet in 1984.

Mayer died in 1991, survived by his wife, Bet, and their five children. Through exhibitions which showcased art from different countries, World House Galleries exposed the New York art world to a more diverse vision of international modernism.
Provenance:
The World House Galleries records were donated in 2002 by Herbert Mayer, Jr., son of gallery founder Herbert Mayer.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
World House Galleries records, 1927-1991, bulk 1953-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.worlhoug
See more items in:
World House Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-worlhoug
Online Media:

World House Galleries records, 1927-1991, bulk 1953-1980

Creator:
World House Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Mayer, Herbert  Search this
Morandi, Giorgio  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean  Search this
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig  Search this
Klee, Paul  Search this
Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc.  Search this
Colgate University  Search this
Parke-Bernet Galleries  Search this
Parsons School of Design  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6036
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)239301
AAA_collcode_worlhoug
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_239301
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Joseph A. Helman, 2010 January 4

Interviewee:
Helman, Joseph A., 1937-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James, 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Albers, Josef  Search this
Blum, Irving  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Davis, Ronald  Search this
Greenberg, Ronald K.  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Pulitzer, Emily Rauh  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Serra, Richard  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Blum Helman Gallery  Search this
St. Louis Art Museum  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Italy -- description and travel
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art, American -- Spain  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Happenings (Art)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15784
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)288142
AAA_collcode_helman10
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_288142
Online Media:

André Emmerich Gallery records, circa 1929-2009

Creator:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Caro, Anthony  Search this
Olitski, Jules  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Louis, Morris  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co.  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Galerie André Emmerich  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Visitors' books
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Topic:
Sculpture, Abstract  Search this
Color-field painting  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Switzerland -- Zurich  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6275
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216620
AAA_collcode_andremmg
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216620
Online Media:

André Emmerich Gallery records

Creator:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Names:
Galerie André Emmerich  Search this
Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co.  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Extent:
311.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Visitors' books
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Date:
circa 1929-2009
Summary:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers measure 311.4 linear feet and date from 1929 to 2009. The collection documents the business of the André Emmerich Gallery as well as André Emmerich's life and activities related to the business of selling art. Gallery records include correspondence; appointment books; administrative and subject files; exhibition files; artist files and accounts; inventory, sales, purchase, and consignment records; chronological files; financial and legal records; printed materials; original artwork; photographic and audiovisual materials. Also found are personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich. TheA small addition received in 2014 includes general correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, artists' files, inventory records, consignment records, printed material, photographic materials, and André Emmerich personal papers and records.
Scope and Content Note:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers measure 311.4 linear feet and date from 1929 to 2009. The collection documents the business of the André Emmerich Gallery as well as André Emmerich's life and activities related to the business of selling art. Gallery records include correspondence; appointment books; administrative and subject files; exhibition files; artist files and accounts; inventory, sales, purchase, and consignment records; chronological files; financial and legal records; printed materials; original artwork; photographic and audiovisual materials. Also found are personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich.

The records document the gallery's daily business operations, exhibitions, and relationships with artists, dealers, clients, galleries, and museums. Artists particularly well-represented throughout the collection include Anthony Caro, Sam Francis, Helen Frankenthaler, David Hockney, Hans Hofmann, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, and Beverly Pepper.

Records pre-dating the gallery's establishment in 1954 are primarily newspaper and magazine clippings related to artists, personal photographs and photographs of artists, an original etching, and some of André Emmerich's personal records including biographical materials, correspondence, writings, and legal and financial records. Records post-dating the gallery's closure in 1998 are primarily residual business records related to the final disposition of artwork, clippings, photographs of André Emmerich and gallery staff, biographical materials, personal correspondence, writings, legal and financial records, and condolences received by Emmerich's wife upon his death in 2007.

Correspondence is primarily with galleries, museums and clients about business matters. Correspondence files also cover topics such as appraisals, authentications, offers of sale, artists seeking representation, image requests, job applications and recommendations. Also included are the New York gallery's copies of correspondence between the New York staff and the Zurich staff.

André Emmerich's appointment books document appointments, notes, and reminders about Emmerich's business and personal activities. Four appointment books relating to the birth of Emmerich's three sons and second marriage were kept by the family. The appointment books are access restricted and require written permission to use.

Administrative files include corporate records establishing the Andre Emmerich gallery's structure, records documenting the gallery's daily operations, advertising and publicity material, and records about the Sotheby's acquisition. There are also materials related to Top Gallant Farm, from its establishment to its closure. Travel records relate to André Emmerich's business trips and vacations along with some files on the travels of a several staff members at the gallery. Files about the operations of the Galerie André Emmerich in Zurich, Switzerland are included in the series as well.

Subject files relate to Emmerich's gallery business as well as personal and political interests, such as antiquities, art fairs and exhibitions, lecture research, art associations, and sculpture parks. There are several files on the art critic Clement Greenberg and former president of Gay Men's Health Crisis, Nathan Kolodner, who was also an art dealer and director of the Andre Emmerich Gallery.

Exhibition files contain numerous exhibition catalogs and printed materials related to exhibitions held or organized by the André Emmerich Gallery in Manhattan and Galerie André Emmerich in Zurich. The files contain materials ranging such as exhibition invitations, posters, printed materials, press releases, and guest books. Photographs of exhibitions can be found in the Photographic Materials series.

Artist files include biographical materials, clippings, correspondence, mailing lists, price lists, printed materials, and occasionally lectures, writings, and audiovisual materials for many of the artists represented or shown by André Emmerich Gallery. The General Correspondence files might contain duplicates or expanded versions of some of the correspondence. Photographs of artists can be found in the Photographic Materials series.

Artist accounts comprise account statements prepared periodically by the gallery documenting each artist's expenses and sales. Ledgers and general accounting files can be found in the Other Financial and Legal Records series.

Inventory records include inventory cards describing artwork entering and leaving the gallery and files containing various gallery inventories. Artist inventory cards, representing artists from both the New York and Zurich galleries, list the artist, title, date, media and measurements of an artwork. The cards also indicate whether the work was ultimately sold, returned to the artist, consigned, etc., and divided into categories accordingly. Inventory files show various gallery inventories.

Sales records document gallery sales and include paid invoices, records relating to Zurich sales, general sales records such as price lists and canceled sales, and Sotheby's Parke-Bernet auction reports. There are gaps in sales invoices in 1961-1964 and 1969-1971.

Purchase records include correspondence and invoices related to purchases and offers; annotated invoices for works of art bought by the gallery; André Emmerich, Inc. related purchase records; "Non-Modern" art related purchase records.

Consignment records include correspondence and consignment agreements documenting consignments to and from the André Emmerich Gallery; consignments from other galleries to André Emmerich, Inc.; and general consignment records.

Chronological files include copies of invoices or cover letters documenting the movement of artwork into and out of the gallery through sales, consignments, loans, and approvals. Records dating January through August 1968, January through March 1969, and September 1969 through July 1971 are missing.

Financial and legal records include client and partner account statements, resale and exempt organization certificates, accounting ledgers, and legal files related to disputes involving or of interest to the gallery.

Printed materials include auction catalogs and reports, books, and clippings describing André Emmerich, the galleries in New York and Zurich, Top Gallant Farm, and the art world. Also included is a large scrapbook created by the gallery containing clippings and gallery announcements dated 1955-1958. Clippings relating to particular artists can be found in the Artists Files series.

There are two pieces of original artwork in the collection. One is a 1974 print of a 1933 composite etching by Esther Dick Gottlieb, Adolphe Gottlieb, Edgar Levy, Lucille Corcos Levy, David Smith, and Dorothy Dehner Smith. The second is a 1998 lithograph by Louise Bourgeoise, called The Face of the Critic. The artist gave the lithograph as a gift in honor of Robert Hughes and the Archives of American Art and is numbered 61 out of a series of 300.

Photographic materials include prints, slides, negatives, and transparencies. Subjects include artists, André Emmerich, gallery installations, Top Gallant Farm, events, artists' studios, gallery staff, gallery space, and artwork. Photographs which show André Emmerich are indicated as such in the finding aid.

Audiovisual materials includes videocassettes and one audiocassette related to the art world. Videocassettes related to specific artists can be found in the Artists Files series. Videocassettes related to André Emmerich can be found in the André Emmerich Personal Papers and Records series. Videocassettes related to Top Gallant Farm and Sotheby's can be found in the Administrative Files series.

Personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich include biographical materials, personal correspondence, writings and lectures, and legal and financial records. The biographical materials include an address book, interviews and identifying documents. Writings include articles, edits, dissertations, lectures, etc. There are also some miscellaneous correspondence which is organized chronologically.

The small addition received in 2014 includes general correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, artists' files, inventory records, consignment records, printed material, photographic materials, and André Emmerich personal papers and records.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 19 series:

Series 1: General Correspondence Files, 1958-2006 (boxes 1-18, OV 314-315; 18.2 linear feet)

Series 2: André Emmerich Appointment Books, 1954-2007 (boxes 19, 325, 326; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Administrative Files, 1954-2003 (boxes 20-31, 306, OV 314, OV 316-319; 11 linear feet)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1958-1967, 1971-2000 (boxes 31-32, 306, OV 318, OV 320; 2 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, circa 1954-1998 (boxes 32-40, 306, 307, OV 318-322; 8.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Artists Files, 1929-1932, 1938-2007 (boxes 40-68, 307, 308, OV 320-323; 28 linear feet)

Series 7: Artist Accounts, 1958-1998 (boxes 68-81; 13.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Inventory Records, circa 1954-2000(boxes 82-128; 46.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Sales Records, 1959-1998 (boxes 128-168; 40 linear feet)

Series 10: Purchase Records, 1961-1966, 1972-1994 (boxes 168-170; 2 linear feet)

Series 11: Consignment Records, 1961-2002 (boxes 170-177; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 12: Chronological File of Incoming and Outgoing Artwork, 1968-1998 (boxes 178-185; 8 linear feet)

Series 13: Other Financial and Legal Records, 1956-1999 (boxes 186-202; 16.5 linear feet)

Series 14: Printed Materials, 1955-1960, 1965-2008 (boxes 202-204, 308, 309; 3 linear feet)

Series 15: Original Artwork, 1933, 1974, 1998 (box 205, 310; 0.7 linear feet (2 folders))

Series 16: Photographic Materials, circa 1930-1935, 1941-1998, circa 2005 (Boxes 205-296, 311-313, OV 324; 92.8 linear feet)

Series 17: General Audio and Video Recordings, 1985, 1990-1995 (Boxes 297-298; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 18: André Emmerich Personal Papers and Records, 1937-1940, 1946-2008 (Boxes 298-305, OV 321, OV 323; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 19: Addition to the The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, 1956-2009 (Boxes 328-329, OV 330; 2.1 linear feet)
Historical Note:
André Emmerich (1924-2007) was one of America's most noted contemporary art dealers and opened the André Emmerich Gallery in New York in 1954. The gallery showcased contemporary art, particularly Color Field painting and monumental sculpture.

André Emmerich was born on October 11, 1924 in Frankfurt, Germany. From age 7 he was raised in Amsterdam before emigrating with his family to New York City in 1940. He studied at Oberlin College and developed an interest in pre-Columbian art and antiquities. After graduation, he spent ten years in Paris working as a writer and editor before returning to New York. He married Constance Emmerich and the couple had three sons, Adam, Noah, and Toby.

In 1954 Emmerich opened the André Emmerich Gallery at 18 East 77th Street and initially specialized in contemporary American and European art and pre-Columbian antiquities. In 1956, the gallery moved to 17 East 64th Street, and in 1959 to the Fuller Building at 41 East 57th Street. Emmerich wrote two books about pre-Columbian art, Art Before Columbus in 1963 and Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon: Gold and Silver in Pre-Columbian Art in 1965.

In 1961, Emmerich learned that French and Company, a gallery advised by art critic Clement Greenberg, was closing its department of contemporary art. French and Company had represented Color Field painters Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, and Jules Olitski. Emmerich immediately invited Louis and Noland to be represented by his gallery. In 1966 he extended the invitation to Olitski as well, and Helen Frankenthaler joined soon after. The gallery's reputation as one of the earliest and most important promoters of Color Field painters was launched.

In addition to Color Field painters, the gallery represented, among others, Pierre Alechinsky, Karel Appel, Milton Avery, Herbert Ferber, Sam Francis, John Graham, Al Held, David Hockney, Hans Hofmann, John Hoyland, Judy Pfaff, Miriam Schapiro, and Anne Truitt.

Until January 1983, sales of pre-Columbian art primarily went through an entity called André Emmerich Inc. (AE Inc.), while sales of contemporary went through the André Emmerich Gallery Inc. (AEG). In 1983, the two entities were merged and operated under the name André Emmerich Gallery Inc.

In 1971, Emmerich began operating a downtown gallery at 420 West Broadway, in SoHo, in space shared with Leo Castelli, Virginia Dwan, and Ileana Sonnabend. In 1972, Emmerich opened a branch of his gallery in Zurich. He incorporated the Galerie André Emmerich Gmbh primarily for the purpose of leasing gallery space in Zurich. Until February 1974, sales of Pre-Columbian art in Zurich were made by an entity called André Emmerich Gallery Inc., New York Filiale Zurich. The Galerie André Emmerich Gmbh was officially liquidated in May 1982. The Filiale was formally closed in October 1996. Galerie André Emmerich also enjoyed a short-lived joint venture with Gimpel & Hanover.

André Emmerich served as president of the Art Dealers Association of America from 1972-1974 and again from 1991-1994.

Emmerich opened a private 150 acre sculpture park, Top Gallant Farm, on his estate in Pawling, New York, in 1982, where he stored and exhibited monumental sculptures by artists his gallery represented including Anthony Caro, Beverly Pepper, Alexander Liberman, Alexander Calder, Mark di Suvero, George Rickey, and Keith Haring. David Hockney painted waves onto floor of the property's swimming pool in 1986. Emmerich operated the sculpture park until 1996.

Emmerich sold his gallery to Sotheby's in 1996. He continued to be affiliated with the gallery until Sotheby's closed the gallery in 1998. Emmerich then began work on his memoir, My Life With Art, excerpts of which have been published in Art News, the Wall Street Journal, and The New Criterion.

Andre Emmerich died in New York 2007 and is survived by his second wife, Susanne Emmerich.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with André Emmerich conducted by Mona Hadler on January 18, 1993.
Provenance:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by André Emmerich in eight accretions between 1999 and 2002. Two additional accretions were donated by Emmerich's wife Susanne in 2008 and 2009; and by James Yohe, Emmerich's former business partner, in 2009 and 2014.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Access of diaries and appointment books required written permission.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculpture, Abstract  Search this
Color-field painting  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Switzerland -- Zurich  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Visitors' books
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Citation:
André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, circa 1929-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.andremmg
See more items in:
André Emmerich Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-andremmg
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Joseph A. Helman

Interviewee:
Helman, Joseph A., 1937-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James Lancel, 1952-  Search this
Creator:
Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation  Search this
Names:
Blum Helman Gallery  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
St. Louis Art Museum  Search this
Widgeon Point Charitable Foundation  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Blum, Irving, 1930-  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Crawford, Ralston, 1906-1978  Search this
Davis, Ronald, 1937-  Search this
Greenberg, Ronald K.  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth, 1923-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Pulitzer, Emily Rauh  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Serra, Richard, 1938-  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Warhol, Andy, 1928-1987  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (Sound recording: 4 wav files (2 hr.,19 min.), digital)
53 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Italy -- description and travel
Date:
2010 January 4
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Joseph A. Helman conducted 2010 January 4, by James McElhinney, for the Archives of American Art, at Helman's home in New York, New York.
Helman recalls three major events from his early life--the exhibition "Masterpieces from the Berlin Museums: 1948-1949," the film "Lust for Life," and collecting--that led to his career as an art dealer; buying his first painting, which was a Jasper Johns work; meeting the art dealer Leo Castelli; opening his first gallery in St. Louis in 1969; selling his gallery to Ronald Greenberg and moving to Italy with his family; attending the Sotheby's auction of the Robert C. Scull Collection in 1973; teaming up with Irving Blum to open the Blum Helman Gallery in New York City; organizing exhibitions of established and emerging artists. Helman speaks about his relationship with Emily Rauh Pulitzer and the St. Louis Art Museum; his Happening with Allan Kaprow; the story behind Claes Oldenburg's drawing Tongue Cloud, over St. Louis, 1975; discovering the work of Ralston Crawford; introducing American art to Spain. In addition, Helman discusses the contemporary art market; collectors and the process of collecting; and the redefinition of Pop art to include British and American artists of the 1980s. Throughout the interview Helman mentions the various artists he has represented, exhibited or collected such as Richard Serra, Robert Rauschenberg, Josef Albers, Roy Lichtenstein, Ellsworth Kelly, Andy Warhol, Frank Stella, Ronald Davis, and Bryan Hunt.
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph A. Helman (1937- ) is an art dealer and collector in New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound disc. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr.,19 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art, American -- Spain  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Happenings (Art)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.helman10
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-helman10

Important French furniture, decorations, continental ceramics and carpets : the property of Mrs. Charles B. Wrightsman ... [et al.] : auction ... November 8, 1985 ... November 9, 1985

Title:
Important French furniture, decorations, carpets and continental ceramics
French furniture, decorations, continental ceramics and carpets
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[148] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
France
Date:
1985
[1985]
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture--Europe--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects, European  Search this
Pottery, European  Search this
Carpets--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NK2547 .I34 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493438

Important French furniture, decorations, clocks, carpets and continental ceramics : the property of [various owners] : auction ... May 4, 1985 ... : exhibition, April 27-May 3 ... / Sotheby's

Title:
Important French furniture, carpets and continental ceramics
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[258] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
France
Date:
1985
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Clocks and watches--Catalogs  Search this
Porcelain, European  Search this
Pottery, European  Search this
Carpets--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NK2547 .S717 1985b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493458

The library of H. Bradley Martin

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Sotheby's Monaco S.A  Search this
Subject:
Martin, H. Bradley (Henry Bradley) 1906-1988 Library Catalogs  Search this
Physical description:
9 v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Catalogs
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1989
1990
[1989-1990]
Topic:
Early printed books  Search this
Private libraries  Search this
Illumination of books and manuscripts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_715426

Magnificent jewelry from the collection of Annie-Laurie Aitken : Auction April 23, 1985 ... Exhibition April 17-23 ... / Sotheby's

Title:
Annie-Laurie Aitken collection
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Aitken, Annie-Laurie Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
[63] p. : ill. (some col.), port. ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1985
[1985]
Topic:
Jewelry--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
NK7303.A311 S717 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493479

The Jewels of the late Duchess of Windsor : sold for the benefit of the Pasteur Institute

Title:
Jewels of the Duchess of Windsor
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Windsor, Wallis Warfield Duchess of 1896-1986  Search this
Windsor, Edward Duke of 1894-1972  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Biography
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1987
C1987
Topic:
Jewelry--Private collections  Search this
Nobility  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_540889

The jewels and objects of vertu of the Honorable Clare Boothe Luce

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Luce, Clare Boothe 1903-1987 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill. (mostly col.), ports., forms ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1988
[1988]
Topic:
Jewelry--Private collections  Search this
Art objects--Private collections  Search this
Art auctions  Search this
Call number:
NK7303.L83 J49 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_550728

Important continental furniture, tapestries and clocks : days of sale, Friday 24th November 1989 ... Friday 8th December 1989 / Sotheby's

Title:
Continental furniture, tapestries amd clocks
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
249 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Europe
Date:
1989
[1989]
Topic:
Furniture--Europe--Catalogs  Search this
Clocks and watches--Catalogs  Search this
Tapestry  Search this
Call number:
NK2525 .I34 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493434

French and continental furniture, decorations and clocks : property from the estate of Arthur L. Englander ... [et. al.] : auction Saturday, October 4, 1986

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[154] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
France
Europe
Date:
1986
[1986]
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture--Europe--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects--Catalogs  Search this
Clocks and watches  Search this
Call number:
NK2547 .F873 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493437

French and continental furniture, decorations and clocks : the property from the trust under the will of Dorothy L. Silberberg ... [et. al.] : auction Saturday, March 23, 1985 at 2 pm : exhibition Saturday, March 16, 9:30 am to 5 pm ... [etc.] / Sotheby's

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[128] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
France
Europe
Date:
1985
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture--Europe--Catalogs  Search this
Clocks and watches--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NK2547 .S717 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493766

Important English furniture, decorations, ceramics and carpets : including property from [various owners] ... : auction, January 25, 1986 at 10:15 am : exhibition, Saturday, January 18 ... Friday, January 24, 10 am to 1 pm / Sotheby's

Title:
English furniture, decorations, ceramics and carpets
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[124] p. : ill., (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1986
Topic:
Furniture--Private collections  Search this
Porcelain, English--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects, English--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Rugs  Search this
Call number:
NK2528 .S717 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494173

Fine English furniture and decorations, ceramics and carpets : including property from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Herzog ... : auction, friday, April, 1985 at 10:15 a.m., Saturday April 13, 1985, at 2 p.m.: exhibition, Saturday, April 6 ... Thursday, April 11, 9:30 to 3 pm / Sotheby's

Title:
English furniture and decorations, ceramics and carpets
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[198] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1985
Topic:
Furniture--Private collections  Search this
Rugs--Private collections  Search this
Pottery--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NK2528 .S717 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494175

Important English furniture, decorations and carpets : including property from the collection of the late Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Zorniger ... [et al.] : auction, Friday, November 1, 1985 ... Saturday, November 2, 1985 ..

Title:
English furniture, decorations and carpets
Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
[208] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1985
[1985]
Topic:
Furniture--Private collections  Search this
Porcelain, English--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Art objects, English--Private collections--Catalogs  Search this
Rugs--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
NK2528 .I34 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_494178

The Thomas F. Flannery, Jr. collection, Thursday 1st and Friday 2nd December 1983

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Flannery, Thomas F. 1926-1980  Search this
Subject:
Flannery, Thomas F. 1926-1980 Art collections  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
291 p. : ill. (some col.), port. ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1983
[c1983]
Topic:
Art, Medieval  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Art auctions  Search this
Call number:
N5220.F52 S717 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_480871

Important tribal art / Sotheby's

Author:
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Oceania
Africa
England
London
Date:
1991
Topic:
Art, Primitive  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Art auctions  Search this
Call number:
N5311 .S717 1991
N5311.S717 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_440253

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