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Our Answer to the Kaiser

Maker:
Keystone View Company  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 7 in; 8.89 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
stereograph
Date made:
ca 1917
Subject:
Soldiers  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
ID Number:
2016.0066.173
Accession number:
2016.0066
Catalog number:
2016.0066.0173
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Military
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-cec5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1822050
Online Media:

Papers of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Dugger

Donor:
Vargus, Ione  Search this
Names:
Dugger, Edward  Search this
Gilbert, Howard C.  Search this
Gourdin, Edward O.  Search this
Hewitt, Larkland F.  Search this
Tupes, Herschel  Search this
Extent:
8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Financial records
Place:
United States -- History -- 1865-1921 -- World War, 1914-1918
Date:
1910-2006
Summary:
Edward Dugger (1894-1939) served as a first lieutenant and commanding officer in the African American unit, 372nd Infantry, during the 1920s and 1930s. The 372nd Infantry Regiment was a troop that was part of the 93rd Infantry Division (Colored) which served with the French Army during World War I. He retired in 1936 with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel with the Massachusetts National Guard and passed away in 1939.
Scope and Contents:
The Papers of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Dugger is comprised of military and personal records, photographs, postcards, correspondence, financial records, military orders and memorandums, promotional certificates, personal notes, academic notebooks, invitations and programs of military events, newspaper clippings, and African American military service research materials and books collected during and after his time in the Massachusetts National Guard.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been kept at the folder level and separated into six series. The order of the materials have been organized based on the content. Series I has been broken down into smaller subseries for specific research interests. Series 6: Oversize Materials acts as an extension of the first five series, with materials that could not be housed with their corresponding materials due to size constraints. Within each series and subseries, the folders are organized chronologically by date; materials that are undated have been alphabetized at the end of the container list. The collection has been organized based on the following:

Series 1: Military Papers- Subseries 1: Military Records, Subseries 2: Memorandums and Orders, Subseries 3: Correspondence, Subseries 4: Financial Records

Series 2: Photographs

Series 3: Research Materials

Series 4: Ephemera

Series 5: Miscellany

Series 6: Oversize Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Dugger was born June 6, 1894 in Finchley, Virginia. His father, William Henry Dugger was born a slave in 1845 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia but lived as a free man by 1870. His mother, Mary Jane Hepburn, was born in 1855. As the last of 8 children, Edward's family moved to Natick, Massachusetts, and again to Boston, MA, where he attended Boston English High School. After graduating in 1914, he enlisted in the United States Army which was resistant to welcoming African American soldiers. However, when President Woodrow Wilson declared war against Germany in April 1917, he created two all black units, the 92nd and 93rd Division (Colored), and sent the newly enlisted African American solder's to training camp. Dugger was invited to the first officer's training camp and graduated with the rank of first lieutenant by the fall of 1917. Before his first deployment, he married Madeline Mabray Kountze in June 1918. Kountze was a teacher who later studied law, became recognized for fighting against job discrimination, her extensive volunteer work, and her role as the former vice president of the local chapter of the NAACP.

Dugger saw action in St. Dié-des-Vosges, Marbache Sector, and Meuse-Argonne in the closing months of the war and won distinction for bravery before returning home in March 1919. After returning from the war, he became Captain of Company K of the 372nd Infantry. By 1930, he became the Commanding Officer of Company L of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry. In 1936, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and retired from the military.

He served on the Boston Police Force for 4 years and then joined the United States Postal Service in 1923, working until his retirement in 1938. Aside from his military and work experience, Dugger served as President of the Men's Community Club, which established the first Community Center, chaired the Citizen's Committee that brought the Boy Scout Troup #11 to West Medford in 1938, and became the first black member of the City Planning Board. Unfortunately, he had been sick for many years with polycystic kidney disease in addition to the mustard gas exposure from the war. On March 5th, 1939 at age 44 in the United States Naval Hospital in Chelsea, MA. He was survived by his wife and 6 children: Edward Jr. (1919). Barbara Anne (1921), Madeleine (1922), Portia Alma (1924), Cortland Otis (1926), and Ione (1931). Due to his contributions and dedication to the military and his community, on September 10th, 1939, the city of Medford honored him by naming a public park "Duggar Park". His daughter, Dr. Ione Vargus, gifted this collection to the Smithsonian Institute in memory of her father.

Timeline

June 6, 1894 -- Edward Dugger born

1916 -- Enlisted in Army

April 1917 -- President Wilson declared war against Germany

October 12, 1917 -- Officer's Training Camp and First deployment as 1st Lieutenant

June 1918 -- Married and shipped overseas

March 1919 -- Honorably Discharged and Returned home

1919- 1923 -- Boston Police Department

1919 -- Joined National Guard as Captain

1923- 1938 -- Joined the United States Postal Service

December 1930 -- Promoted to Commanding Officer of Company K of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry

1936 -- Military Retirement

1936 -- Appointed the first black member of the Medford City Planning Board

March 5, 1939 -- Died at U.S. Naval Hospital

September 10, 1939 -- Dugger Field Dedication
Provenance:
Acquired from Dr. Ione Vargus in memory of her father, Lt. Col. Edward Dugger, in 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Papers of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Dugger is owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Permission for commercial use or publication of the collection materials may be requested from the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Associations and Institutions -- Military  Search this
Education  Search this
United States Army  Search this
Communities  Search this
Photography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Financial records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, All rights reserved.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2014.39
See more items in:
Papers of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Dugger
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3f9ca2d20-2c2b-4eac-81a3-37748424f673
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2014-39
Online Media:

Harold Weston papers

Creator:
Weston, Harold, 1894-1972  Search this
Names:
Adirondack Trail Improvement Society  Search this
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA). Americans-in-Britain Outpost  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Food for Freedom, Inc.  Search this
Harvard Lampoon (Organization)  Search this
Harvard University -- Students  Search this
International Association of Art. United States Committee  Search this
Montross Gallery  Search this
National Council on the Arts and Government  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
New York State Council on the Arts  Search this
Phillips Collection  Search this
Studio House (Phillips Memorial Gallery)  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Rosenfeld, Paul, 1890-1946  Search this
Sizer, Theodore, 1892-1967  Search this
Weston, Faith  Search this
Extent:
24.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Notes
Etchings
Speeches
Articles
Postcards
Poems
Woodcuts
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Glass negatives
Lantern slides
Copper plates
Place:
Adirondack Mountain Reserve (N.Y.)
Date:
1894-1978
bulk 1912-1972
Summary:
The papers of modernist painter and activist Harold Weston (1894-1972) date from 1894 to 1978 and measure 24.3 linear feet. The papers focus on Weston's painting career and his involvement with humanitarian and artistic causes. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, association and organization records, commission and project files, materials relating to Weston's book Freedom in the Wilds, writings, artwork, printed materials, two scrapbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of modernist painter and activist Harold Weston (1894-1972) date from 1894 to 1978 and measure 24.3 linear feet. The papers focus on Weston's painting career and his involvement with humanitarian and artistic causes. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, association and organization records, commission and project files, materials relating to Weston's book Freedom in the Wilds, writings, artwork, printed materials, two scrapbooks, and photographs. The papers document his involvement with the Committee to Defend America, Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, Food for Freedom, the International Association of the Plastic Arts, National Countil on the Arts and Government, National Endowment for the Arts, New York State Council for the Arts, Reconstruction Service Committee, and the YMCA in Baghdad.

Biographical materials include biographical sketches and resumes, including a short biography written by Faith Weston in 1969. There are records from his school years at Exeter Academy and Harvard University that include yearbooks, report cards, scholarship information, Harvard Lampoon materials, and a diploma from Harvard. Also found are materials relating to Faith Weston, membership cards, memorials information, passports and travel papers, and wedding wishes.

Correspondence from Harold Weston dates from his school years up until his death in 1972. In letters to his family, Weston discusses his education; his travel and activities in the Middle East during World War I; the Adirondacks; convalescense in France in the mid-1920s; his immediate family life; and exhibitions. Also found are holiday cards designed and printed by Weston. The majority of correspondence is with his father S. Burns Weston, mother Mary, sister Esther, brother Carl, Faith Weston and the Borton family, children Barbara, Bruce, and Haroldine, and others. Also found are letters between Weston and friend Theodore Sizer and Duncan Phillips of the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C.

Personal business and financial records relating to Weston's exhibitions include delivery receipts, agreements, hand-drawn gallery plans for exhibitions, lists of exhibitions, framing invoices, legal information, pricelists, records of sales, and lists of works of art. Galleries with which Weston held exhibitions, sold, or lent works of art include Boyer Galleries, Corcoran Gallery, the Gallery in Paoli, Montross Gallery, the Phillips Collection, and Studio House Galleries.

Records relating to Harold Weston's memberships and involvement with professional associations and service organizations are from the Adirondack Trail Improvement Society, the Committee to Defend America, Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, Food for Freedom, International Association of the Plastic Arts/International Arts Association, National Countil on the Arts and Government, National Endowment for the Arts, New York State Council on the Arts, Reconstruction Service Committee, and the Young Men's Christian Association, Baghdad. The files include correspondence, financial records, meetings and membership information, notes, organizational history, photographs, printed materials, programs and activities records, speeches, and writings.

Files that document Weston's Building the United Nations and the Treasury Relief Project sponsored "Procurement Building Murals" are found within the Commissions and Project files series. The files include correspondence, financial information, legal documents, photographs of the works of art and research photos, and printed materials. Correspondence of note includes letters written by Lewis Mumford, Duncan Phillips, Eleanor Roosevelt on behalf of Weston's Building of the United Nations and letters from Leonard Carmichael, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Letters from Olin Dows of the Treasury Relief Art Project are within correspondence relating to the "Procurement Building Murals." Also found are preliminary sketches of the murals.

The Freedom in the Wilds series contains materials relating to the book which combined Weston's autobiography with a history of the Adirondack Mountain Reserve. Additional writings and notes are by Harold Weston and others, and include articles, poetry, notes, speech notes and speeches, and lists. Harold Weston's articles include "Persian Caravan Sketches" published in 1921 discussing his travels throughout the Middle East. Other articles are written by Duncan Phillips, Paul Rosenfeld, Barbara Weston, and Faith Weston. Also found are postcards annoted with notes by Harold Weston about his travels.

Artwork inlcudes sketches, etchings, copperplates, and woodcuts. There are copperplates entitled "Shroud" and of the series Building the United Nations for the Harvard Alumni bulletin in 1957; an untitled etching by Weston; sketches including those from Baghdad and watercolor sketches; a woodcut of the 1924 Weston holiday card; and scattered unsigned sketches probably not by Weston.

Printed materials include calendars with notations; clippings; exhibition catalogs and announcements for Weston's exhibitions dating from 1922-1976 and for others; gallery tags or labels for paintings shown in exhibitions; reproductions of illustrations for the Harvard Lampoon and full issues from 1911-1916; materials relating to the Harvard production of Henry IV, for which Weston designed the sets; reproductions of works of art by Weston and by others; school seals; and various art related publications.

There are two scrapbooks compiled by Faith Weston about her husband. The first contains materials relating to Weston's activity with the International Association of the Plastic Arts Conference of 1963, including a letter and photograph of President John F. Kennedy. The second scrapbook dates from 1977 and consists of general clippings relating to Weston's career, dating from 1917 to 1952 with additional materials added by Faith in 1977.

Photographs are of Weston, family members, exhibitions and installations, and works of art by Weston and others. There are also numerous photographs of Weston's travel through the Adirondacks, the Middle East, Europe, and India. Also found are glass plate negatives of works of art painted in France between 1926-1930; scattered glass plate negatives of Baghdad and the Middle East; glass plates belonging to S. Burns Weston of the Adirondacks, circa 1900; and approximately 100 lantern slides of the various Middle Eastern cities and ruins - probably used by Weston to illustrate his talks given in the 1920s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1896-1974 (Box 1, 38; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1894-1975 (Box 1-3, 38; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business and Financial records, 1912-1977 (Box 4; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 4: Associations and Organizations records, 1916-1972 (Box 4-10, 37-38; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Commissions and Project files, 1935-1965 (Box 10-12, 38, OV 39; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 6: -- Freedom in the Wilds -- records, late 1960s-1976 (Box 12-13; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings and Notes, 1912-1975 (Box 13-14; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1917-1967 (Box 14, 21; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Printed Material, circa 1900-1978 (Box 15-18, 38; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 10: Scrapbooks, circa 1963-1977 (Box 17-18; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1900-1975 (Box 18-20, 22-36, 38; 4.8 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Modernist painter and federal Treasury Relief Art Project artist Harold Weston (1894-1972) worked primarily in New York City and St. Huberts, New York in the Adirondacks. Weston was president of the U.S. Commission of the International Association of Art/Plastic Arts and the Federation of Modern Painters and Scultors. He was also chairman of the National Council on the Arts and Government and active with various political and humanitarian causes.

Harold Weston was born in 1894 in Merion, Pennsylvania into a privileged family. He attended school in Europe as a teenager, where he began to draw and sketch. In 1910, Harold contracted Polio which left him with a weak leg. After graduating from Exeter Academy, Harold entered Harvard University with the class of 1916 and was active in the Delta Upsilon Club and the Harvard Lampoon, for which he illustrated.

Despite his leg, Weston was determined to serve in some form during World War I. He traveled to Baghdad and volunteered with the YMCA. Here he started the Baghdad Art Club and organized exhibitions of soldier art. He remained in the Middle East until 1919 and served as the official painter for the British Army. The colors and the landscape of the region also inspired later works of art.

Upon returning to the United States, Weston built a one-room cabin in the Adirondack Mountains, where he lived and painted. He had his first one-man exhibtition at the Montross Gallery in 1922. In 1923, he married Faith Borton who moved with him to the Adirondacks. His wife inspired his series of "landscape nudes" which treated the body with different techniques that would typically be used in landscape painting. After suffering from a kidney infection in 1925, Weston and his wife moved to Ceres, France to recover. Weston continued to paint and started a family with Faith while in France. In 1930, the family moved back to the United States and lived in Greenwich Village, New York.

From 1936-1938, Harold Weston worked with the federal Treasury Relief Art Project and painted murals in the Procurement Building in Washington, D.C. The murals represent the growth of public buildings during the Great Depression. He took on a second major project to document the contruction of the United Nations in a series of six paintings. Later, the Smithsonian Instution received the paintings as gifts through an independent committee.

In addition to painting, Harold Weston devoted himself to public service by becoming involved in humanitarian causes, artist professional organizations, and federal government support of the arts. Weston served as president or chairman of three different organizations including the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, the International Association of Art/International Association of the Plastic Art, and the National Council on the Arts and Government. Before the start of World War II, Harold Weston was named the Chairman of Essex County Committee to Defend America, which argued for financial support of the allied forces in World War II. After the start of the war, he helped form the Food for Freedom movement which urged American aid for European and Asian refugees. Similarly, Weston served as Executive Secretary for the Reconstruction Service Committee which was established to assist the rebuilding of Europe.

Later in life, Weston wrote a book Freedom in the Wilds, which combined his own autobiography with a history of the Adirondack Mountain Reserve. Harold Weston died on April 10th, 1972 in New York City.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel N69-76) including biographic notes, exhibition material, clippings, a presentation album, and commemorative stamps. Some, but not all, of these papers were included in later donations. Materials not donated remain with the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.

Syracuse University also holds circa 14 linear feet of Harold Weston's papers.
Provenance:
Harold Weston lent the Archives of American Art materials for microfilming in 1969. Faith Borton Weston, Harold Weston's widow, donated the papers in several increments between 1972-1980 and lent materials for microfilming in 1977.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Notes
Etchings
Speeches
Articles
Postcards
Poems
Woodcuts
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Glass negatives
Lantern slides
Copper plates
Citation:
Harold Weston papers, 1894-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.westharo
See more items in:
Harold Weston papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw912c19da0-1e91-45ea-b15f-b3d423b2a075
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-westharo
Online Media:

The Colored Man is No Slacker

Printed by:
E.G. Renesch, American  Search this
Medium:
lithographic ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 19 11/16 x 15 13/16 in. (50 x 40.2 cm)
Type:
chromolithographs
Date:
1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Military  Search this
Segregation  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.2.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Exhibition:
Double Victory: The African American Military Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd55143ff30-f35d-47cf-8404-8a0053c47256
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.2.3

The Price of Freedom Collection Search

Publisher:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center  Search this
Language:
English
Object type:
Lesson Plan
Topic:
American History  Search this
Wars  Search this
War  Search this
Battle  Search this
Revolutionary war  Search this
War of 1812  Search this
Indian wars  Search this
Mexican war  Search this
Civil war  Search this
Spanish American war  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Korean war  Search this
Vietnam war  Search this
Iraq  Search this
Afghanistan  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Army  Search this
Air force  Search this
Marines  Search this
Navy  Search this
Soldier  Search this
Sailor  Search this
Typical age range 8-10  Search this
Typical age range 10-12  Search this
Typical age range 12-14  Search this
Typical age range 14-16  Search this
Typical age range 16-18  Search this
Educational alignment:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8
Data source:
SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SCLDA_298

The Price of Freedom: Learning Resources

Publisher:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center  Search this
Language:
English
Object type:
Lesson Plan
Topic:
American History  Search this
Wars  Search this
War  Search this
Conflict  Search this
Revolutionary war  Search this
War of 1812  Search this
Indian war  Search this
Mexican War  Search this
Civil war  Search this
Spanish American war  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Cold War  Search this
Korean War  Search this
Gulf war  Search this
Afghanistan  Search this
Iraq  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Sailor  Search this
Typical age range 8-10  Search this
Typical age range 10-12  Search this
Typical age range 12-14  Search this
Typical age range 14-16  Search this
Typical age range 16-18  Search this
Educational alignment:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.6.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.6
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.4
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.6
Data source:
SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SCLDA_299

Answering the Call 1917-1945

Publisher:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center  Search this
Language:
English
Object type:
Lesson Plan
Topic:
American History  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Time Periods  Search this
World War 1  Search this
World War II  Search this
Wars  Search this
Maritime history  Search this
Sailor  Search this
World war I  Search this
First world war  Search this
Second world war  Search this
Hog Island  Search this
Emergency Fleet Corporation  Search this
Troop transport  Search this
Merchant marine  Search this
Mass production  Search this
Typical age range 8-10  Search this
Typical age range 10-12  Search this
Typical age range 12-14  Search this
Typical age range 14-16  Search this
Typical age range 16-18  Search this
Educational alignment:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.10
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.4a
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.8
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.2
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8
Data source:
SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SCLDA_51

Photograph of the Sunshine Players, including Buster Keaton

Depicted:
Keaton, Buster  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 17 cm x 22.5 cm; x 6 11/16 in x 8 7/8 in
overall: 6 3/4 in x 8 7/8 in; 17.145 cm x 22.5425 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Associated place:
Denmark
Date made:
ca 1918
Associated dates:
1918 00 00 / 1918 00 00
Subject:
Comedy  Search this
World War I  Search this
ID Number:
1993.0267.08
Catalog number:
1993.0267.08
Accession number:
1993.0267
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-f775-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1153380
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross and ribbon issued to Lewis Broadus

Manufactured by:
Graco Awards Manufacturing, Inc., American, 1981 - 2011  Search this
Designed by:
J. Andre Smith, American, 1880 - 1959  Search this
Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
bronze on metal with ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 3 9/16 × 1 3/4 × 1/4 in. (9 × 4.5 × 0.6 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53db58e7d-1dc1-4263-ab7d-6e7571a6f261
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.1
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross medal ribbon bar issued to Lewis Broadus

Manufactured by:
Graco Awards Manufacturing, Inc., American, 1981 - 2011  Search this
Ballou Company, American, 1942 - 2009  Search this
Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
metal and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D (abc): 1 7/16 × 7/16 × 1/2 in. (3.7 × 1.1 × 1.3 cm)
H x W x D (a): 1 3/8 × 3/8 × 1/2 in. (3.5 × 0.9 × 1.2 cm)
H x W x D (bc): 7/16 × 7/16 × 9/16 in. (1.1 × 1.1 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
East Providence, Rhode Island, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.2abc
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a64f62c3-2125-4431-93d8-6d36f389c4f3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.2abc
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross medal pin issued to Lewis Broadus

Created by:
J. Andre Smith, American, 1880 - 1959  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
metal and paint
Dimensions:
H x W x D (ab): 3/8 × 9/16 × 3/8 in. (0.9 × 1.5 × 0.9 cm)
H x W x D (a): 1/8 × 9/16 × 3/8 in. (0.3 × 1.5 × 0.9 cm)
H x W x D (b): 3/8 × 3/8 × 3/16 in. (0.9 × 0.9 × 0.5 cm)
Type:
medals
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.3ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5718fb5b1-0389-429e-a78f-22cec69b135a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.3ab
Online Media:

Distinguished Service Cross presentation case issued to Lewis Broadus

Manufactured by:
Arrow Manufacturing, American  Search this
Issued by:
United States Army, American, founded 1775  Search this
Received by:
Lewis Cunningham Broadus, American, 1875 - 1960  Search this
Medium:
leather with metal, plastic, cloth and paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D (closed): 7 × 4 1/4 × 1 in. (17.8 × 10.8 × 2.5 cm)
H x W x D (open): 7 1/2 × 4 1/4 × 7 1/2 in. (19.1 × 10.8 × 19.1 cm)
Type:
cases (containers)
Place made:
Tomball, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
Awarded 1906; issued 2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Buffalo Soldiers  Search this
Military  Search this
Spanish-American War, 1898  Search this
World War I  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Lewis Broadus Family
Object number:
2007.4.4ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56f4444a6-e15f-45dd-a84b-e2ebcddfcebb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.4.4ab
Online Media:

Photographic postcard of Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey in uniform

Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Written by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper, with graphite on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 9/16 × 5 1/2 in. (9 × 14 cm)
Type:
portraits
photographic postcards
Place made:
France, Europe
Date:
1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd516420f63-04f5-4bd8-9bd7-aebf978e4c85
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.14
Online Media:

Photograph of Cpl. Lawrence McVey in uniform wearing the Croix de Guerre medal

Created by:
Alva Studio, American  Search this
Subject of:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper with paper frame
Dimensions:
H x W (Case closed): 8 1/4 x 3 1/8 in. (21 x 7.9 cm)
H x W (Case open): 8 1/4 × 7 3/8 in. (21 × 18.7 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1920
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b404689c-6934-4e45-8041-0cb0c0ad6344
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.16

Photographic postcard of Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey in uniform

Photograph by:
Alfred Phillip Mighell, English American, 1878 - 1943  Search this
Subject of:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper, with ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 5 7/16 x 3 7/16 in. (13.8 x 8.7 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
photographic postcards
Date:
1914 - 1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.17
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57e657968-76ae-4c31-942b-190833f65ced
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.17

Letter from the War Department to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Created by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Written by:
Maj. Gen. Lutz Wahl, American, 1869 - 1928  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 8 in. (26.7 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
correspondence
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 17, 1928
Topic:
African American  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.23
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51d89c44d-54a2-4050-9f98-6e6b93ec4728
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.23
Online Media:

Letter from the War Department to Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Created by:
United States Department of War, American, 1789 - 1947  Search this
Received by:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
Subject of:
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with plaster
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 8 in. (26.7 x 20.3 cm)
Type:
correspondence
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
May 16, 1919
Topic:
African American  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.24
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bed2f01b-a4da-4781-9b57-082052bba641
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.24
Online Media:

Obituary for Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey

Written by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Cpl. Lawrence Leslie McVey, Sr., American, 1897 - 1968  Search this
369th Infantry Regiment, American, 1913 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10 1/2 x 7 7/8 in. (26.7 x 20 cm)
Type:
obituaries
Date:
ca. 1968
Topic:
African American  Search this
Poetry  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey, Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.25
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
Rights assessment and proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57b305db1-b56d-467d-8343-0e8e087e7a4d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.25
Online Media:

New York Recruiting medal

Created by:
Dieges & Clust, American, founded 1898  Search this
Issued by:
New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs, American  Search this
Medium:
metal and ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 9/16 x 1 7/16 x 1/4
Type:
medals
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1917-1936
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Gina R. McVey,Granddaughter
Object number:
2011.108.6
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58e8f7b53-6a11-4a08-be9d-865bc132d721
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.108.6
Online Media:

(30) 19118 Uncle Sam Provides for Comfort of His Soldiers. Colored Troops En Route to France Taking Train Rest at Railway Division Point

Created by:
Keystone View Company, American, 1892 - 1972  Search this
Subject of:
92d Infantry Division, American, 1917 - 1945  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper and cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W: 3 1/2 x 7 in. (8.9 x 17.8 cm)
Type:
stereographs
Date:
1917 - 1921
Topic:
African American  Search this
Military  Search this
Photography  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.155.192
Restrictions & Rights:
Keystone View Company
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5dc332190-1fc8-4e7f-a7c4-c6ff20233b12
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.155.192
Online Media:

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