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Solar Radiation Satellites (Solrad)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History / Series O: Space History
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a4e1b119-42fe-4fe4-9832-9cec322b6d8b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-o-ref20288

Solar Radiation Satellites (Solrad) (See also: Explorers 30, 37, 44)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer OS, Folder 556330-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History / Series O: Space History / Solar Radiation Satellites (Solrad)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a79a587c-0029-45cb-910f-a229139beded
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-o-ref20289

Taiyo (Srats, Solar Radiation and Thermopheric Structure Satellite, Japan)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History / Series O: Space History
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2e71caee5-d4c5-40f0-978b-1e88fe72228d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-o-ref23798

Taiyo (Srats, Solar Radiation and Thermopheric Structure Satellite, Japan)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer OT, Folder 028000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Space History / Series O: Space History / Taiyo (Srats, Solar Radiation and Thermopheric Structure Satellite, Japan)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a7cc92b9-a2af-47e2-87f1-b9197ec0795a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-o-ref23799

STS-45

Collection Creator:
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
Hasselblad USA  Search this
Extent:
3 Film reels
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
March/April 1992
Biographical / Historical:
STS-45 was the forty-sixth mission, launching on March 24 and landing April 2, 1992 using Space Shuttle Atlantis; the shuttle carried the first Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science for experiments in atmospheric chemistry, solar radiation, space plasma physics, and ultraviolet astronomy.
Collection Restrictions:
While there are no restrictions on access, please note that the National Air and Space Museum Archives is currently unable to safely review or reproduce this collection due to conservation concerns.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Hasselblad Space Shuttle Reels, NASM.2022.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hasselblad Space Shuttle Reels
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21d559e7d-ea21-4c04-a4e2-ef3b3a6b5039
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2022-0002-ref18

Washington -- Enid A. Haupt Garden

Donor:
Haupt, Enid A. (Enid Annenberg), 1906-2005  Search this
Principal architect:
Carlhian, Jean Paul  Search this
Consultant:
Collins, Lester, -1993  Search this
Stonecarver:
Seferlis, Constantine, 1928-2005  Search this
Architect:
Renwick, James, 1818-1895  Search this
Creator:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon), 1913-2001 (Smithsonian secretary)  Search this
Sasaki Associates  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Varying Form:
Victorian Garden, formerly known as.
General:
The Enid A. Haupt Garden was dedicated on May 22, 1987. It is located between the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arts and Industries Building, and south of the Smithsonian Institution Building, commonly referred to as the Castle. This 4.3 acre area actually sits atop the Quadrangle complex - an underground facility made up of three Smithsonian museum spaces: the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the National Museum of African Art, and the S. Dillon Ripley Center. Above-ground kiosk entrances to the Sackler and African Art museums are located in the Haupt Garden itself. The Haupt Garden contains three discrete gardens within it: the Parterre, the Moongate Garden, and the Fountain Garden.
After the Castle's construction was completed in 1855, the area to its south became known as the South Yard. In 1887, it functioned as a zoo for bison to promote the conservation of their over-hunted population. The bison were moved to the newly-established National Zoological Park in 1889, and for nearly a century, the South Yard was home to a number of different buildings including the Aerodrome Shop, a solar radiation lab, a bug house (where beetles cleaned skeletal remains of animal specimens), temporary storage and collection buildings, a U.S. Army hangar, and a greenhouse and Quonset hut for the Office of Horticulture. In 1976, the Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture (now Smithsonian Gardens) planted the Victorian Garden parterre on the South Yard, in celebration of America's Bicentennial and to complement a Victoriana exhibition on horticulture in the adjacent Arts and Industries Building. This garden was inspired by a similar parterre made for the 1876 Centennial celebration in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1979, President Jimmy Carter authorized $500,000 for the planning and construction of the Quadrangle - an underground complex built in the South Yard - to house the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, the National Museum of African Art, and the S. Dillon Ripley Center. In 1982, the Victorian Garden was removed. Construction on the Quadrangle spanned from June 21, 1983 to 1987. Architect Jean Paul Carlhian of the firm Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson and Abbot was in charge of designing the Quadrangle complex which incorporated an initial design concept by Japanese architect Junzo Yoshimura.
Once basic construction was complete and soil returned to the ground-level (i.e. roof) of the Quadrangle, it was clear that there was more room for gardens beyond the reincorporated parterre. Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley invited philanthropist Enid A. Haupt to tour the garden site, hoping Mrs. Haupt would finance a Zen garden west of the parterre. In fact, she financed the entire design and construction of the new garden with a $3 million endowment, stipulating that the garden be mature when it opened in 1987. With funds in place, work on the garden began, with the primary goal being to harmonize the stylistically varied buildings in and around the Quadrangle (the three entrance pavilions to the underground museums, the Smithsonian Castle, Freer Gallery of Art, and the Arts and Industries Building). The design of the garden was a collaborative effort between principal architect Jean Paul Carlhian, the landscape architectural firm Sasaki Associates, Inc., landscape architect Lester Collins, and James R. Buckler, Director of the Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture. Together they designed the three gardens described below.
Enid A. Haupt (1906-2005) was a publishing heiress and philanthropist who especially supported American horticulture. In addition to this garden, Mrs. Haupt's horticultural philanthropy created and/or preserved several renowned garden spaces including The Enid A. Haupt Glass Garden at the Howard A. Rusk Institute, NYU Medical Center in New York City; the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory at the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx, New York; The Haupt Fountains on the Ellipse in Washington, D.C.; River Farm in Alexandria, Virginia; and The Cloisters in New York City. In 1994, the American Horticultural Society awarded her the Liberty Hyde Bailey award for her philanthropy.
The Parterre is the Victorian-style centerpiece of the Haupt Garden. It is a carefully manicured garden with a changing palette of colors and textures, laid out in symmetrical patterns that are redesigned every few seasons. Designs incorporate such motifs as diamonds, fleurs-de-lis, and scallops. While parterre is a French term meaning "on the ground," parterres as an ornamental garden style originated in 16th century Renaissance Italy.
The Moongate Garden is next to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, and was inspired by the Temple of Heaven in Beijing, China. The Temple of Heaven was designed using a geometrical, axial layout, centered on the cardinal points of the compass. The Moongate Garden's dominant features are stone and water, which symbolize the body and spirit of the earth in Chinese culture. Two 9-foot-tall pink granite moon gates stand on the southwest and northeast corners of the garden; two more lie as benches in the opposite corners. A circular platform lies in the center of a granite-paved square pool, connected by bridges to each side of the square.
The Fountain Garden is next to the National Museum of African Art, and was modeled after the Court of the Lions at Alhambra, a 13th-century Moorish palace in Granada, Spain. As with most Islamic gardens, the Fountain Garden is symmetrical and includes a central fountain with four water channels. Respectively, these channels represent paradise itself, and the four rivers of paradise described in the Koran: water, milk, honey, and wine. At the garden's north end is a chadar - a patterned, sloping stone ramp that has water running down it.
The Renwick Gates are cast iron carriage gates at the garden's entrance on Independence Avenue. The gates were erected in 1979, based on an 1849 drawing by James Renwick, Jr., architect of the Castle. The design includes piers made of the same sandstone that went into the Castle's great reddish walls from a quarry in Seneca, Maryland.
A European linden tree once stood in the northeast corner of the South Yard. When construction on the Quadrangle began, Secretary Ripley directed that the tree remain unharmed. Construction personnel and arborists minded the tree, helping it live through the end of construction. However, it died of old age two years later, in 1989.
The Downing Urn was originally erected on the National Mall in 1856 in memory of landscape designer and horticulturist Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-1852). The urn was restored in 1972. In 1989, it was moved to where the linden tree had stood in the Haupt Garden.
Plantings include saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangeana), Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis), weeping Higan cherry (Prunus pendula 'Pendula Rosea'), golden shrimp plant (Pachystachys lutea), coneflower (Echinacea), dusty miller (Senecio cineraria), and pansy (Viola x wittrockiana).
Persons associated with the garden include: Enid A. Haupt (donor, 1987). Jean Paul Carlhian (principal architect, 1987). Lester Collins (landscape architect consultant, 1987). Constantine Seferlis (stonecarver, 1979). James Renwick Jr. (architect, 1849). James Goode (SI Castle keeper, design and construction supervisor, 1979-1987). S. Dillon Ripley (Smithsonian Secretary, 1964-1984). Michael Riordan (horticulturist, 1995- ).
Related Materials:
Enid A. Haupt Garden related holdings consist of 3,124 35mm slides (photographs), 979 photographic prints, 15 contact sheets, 12 transparencies, and digital images
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG001
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb60d9f707f-530a-4f59-a462-57374ec70dd7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref4

ExploreNEOs. II. The Accuracy of the Warm Spitzer Near-Earth Object Survey

Author:
Fazio, Giovanni G.  Search this
Trilling, D. E.  Search this
Harris, A. W.  Search this
Mommert, M.  Search this
Mueller, M.  Search this
Hora, Joseph L.  Search this
Penprase, B.  Search this
Bhattacharya, B.  Search this
Stansberry, J. A.  Search this
Emery, J. P.  Search this
Chesley, S.  Search this
Mainzer, A.  Search this
Smith, Howard A.  Search this
Delbo, M.  Search this
Thomas, C. A.  Search this
Bottke, W. F.  Search this
Spahr, T. B.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2011
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_99797

The discrepancy between solar radiation measures by the actinometer and by the spectro-bolometer

Author:
Fowle, Frederick E.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1905
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91031

New evidence on the intensity of solar radiation outside the atmosphere

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Hodgkins, Fund  Search this
Fowle, Frederick Eugene  Search this
Aldrich, Loyal Blaine  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1915
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91336

Effects of short period variations of solar radiation on the earth's atmosphere

Author:
Clayton, Henry Helm  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1917
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91373

Variation in solar radiation and the weather (with five plates)

Author:
Clayton, Henry Helm  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Hodgkins, Fund  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1920
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91402

Solar radiation and weather; or, Forecasting weather from observations of the sun

Author:
Clayton, Henry Helm  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1925
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91456

Solar radiation and the weekly forecast of the Argentine meteorological service

Author:
Hoxmark, Guillermo  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1925
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91461

An improved water-flow pyrheliometer and the standard scale of solar radiation

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Aldrich, Loyal Blaine  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1932
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91533

Scouting for a site for a solar-radiation station (with four plates)

Author:
Moore, Alfred Finley  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Roebling, Fund  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1933
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91562

the standard scale of solar radiation

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Aldrich, Loyal Blaine  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1934
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91600

Solar radiation and weather studies

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1935
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91623

Mount St. Katerine, an excellent solar-radiation station

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1935
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91624

Further evidence on the dependence of terrestrial temperatures on the variations of solar radiation

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1936
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91642

Magnetic storms, solar radiation, and Washington temperature departures

Author:
Abbot, Charles Greeley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1948
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_91830

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