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Second Year No.6

Creator:
New Negro Alliance (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Advertisements
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
February 10, 1934
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at ACMarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American newspapers  Search this
Activism  Search this
Discrimination in employment  Search this
Business enterprises  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New Negro Opinion newspaper
New Negro Opinion newspaper / Series 1: December 1933- December 1934
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa752874b71-31cf-4e94-b139-649404b59bf2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-10-012-3-ref10
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The Societal Impact of Extraterrestrial Life: The Relevance of History and the Social Sciences

Author:
Vakoch, Douglas A.  Search this
Dick, Steven J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2013
Topic:
Flight  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Flight  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_116402

George Santayana

Artist:
George Biddle, 24 Jan 1885 - 6 Nov 1973  Search this
Sitter:
George Santayana, 16 Dec 1863 - 26 Sep 1952  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 37.5 × 30.8 cm (14 3/4 × 12 1/8")
Sheet (overall): 37.5 × 30.8 cm (14 3/4 × 12 1/8")
Mat (overall): 61 × 50.8 cm (24 × 20")
Type:
Print
Place:
Italia\Lazio\Roma\Rome
Date:
1952
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
George Santayana: Male  Search this
George Santayana: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
George Santayana: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
George Santayana: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
George Santayana: Literature\Writer\Religious  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Gift from the Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Gift of George Biddle) The Corcoran Gallery of Art, one of the country’s first private museums, was established in 1869 to promote art and American genius. In 2014 the Works from the Corcoran Collection were distributed to institutions in Washington, D.C.
Object number:
NPG.2019.74
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of George Biddle
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Recent Acquisitions: Gifts from the Corcoran Gallery of Art
On View:
NPG, North Gallery 140
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45f7d9b0e-9873-4bf0-9093-6ec503e553b1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.74

Kenneth Rexroth

Artist:
R. B. Kitaj, 29 Oct 1932 - 21 Oct 2007  Search this
Sitter:
Kenneth Rexroth, 22 Dec 1905 - 6 Jun 1982  Search this
Medium:
Screenprint on paper faced with wood veneer
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 51 × 75.6 cm (20 1/16 × 29 3/4")
Mat: 71.1 × 96.5 cm (28 × 38")
Frame: 79.3 × 104.7 cm (31 1/4 × 41 1/4")
Type:
Print
Date:
1969
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Male  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
Kenneth Rexroth: Humanities and Social Sciences\Cultural critic  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.198
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of R. B. Kitaj
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cce98072-ce13-4c1b-8cfe-fc91c52e956b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.198

Official Duties, Personnel, Integration (see also oversized, Box 163)

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.13: Far East Air Force (FEAF) Headquarters (Tokyo, Japan), Director of Operations and Training
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b6ae3784-10ef-43b7-9dad-2f0a7c72f913
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1897
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Booklet, "Saint Francis College: A Century of Service to Brooklyn Youth," copyright Kings County Trust Company (Brooklyn, NY), 1957

Collection Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 36
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
New York Airways Collection / Series 2: 1973 Acquisition / Documents, Speech File
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2198a726b-5dac-4087-a9fa-17ccd32df6ea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0052-ref913
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1954 Causality in the Social Sciences. The Journal of Philosophy. 51(30): 695-706.

Collection Creator:
Albert, Ethel Mary, 1918-1989  Search this
Container:
Box 21
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
The Ethel Mary Albert papers are open for reaearch.
Collection Rights:
Contact the Repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ethel Mary Albert Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ethel Mary Albert Papers
Ethel Mary Albert Papers / Series 10: Published articles
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw323f82b72-914b-4f7f-8ac4-e930a4bc4f53
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-30-ref244

The Crisis, Vol. 4, No. 3

Edited by:
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Subject of:
The Crisis, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Evaristo Estenoz Corominas, Cuban, 1872 - 1912  Search this
Written by:
Jessie Redmon Fauset, American, 1882 - 1961  Search this
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, Puerto Rican, 1874 - 1938  Search this
Lafayette M. Hershaw, American, 1863 - 1945  Search this
Bertha Johnston, American, 1864 - 1953  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 7/8 × 6 7/8 in. (25.1 × 17.5 cm)
H x W (Open): 9 7/8 × 13 5/8 in. (25.1 × 34.6 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Hampton, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 1912
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Literature  Search this
Lynching  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Social reform  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.97.14.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Anti-Lynching Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd534363254-d746-4ad6-adcb-896037954478
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.97.14.4
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George Pepper: Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Container:
Box 267, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Jan-Feb 1924
Scope and Contents:
Correspondents: Ellis Soper, Collier's National Weekly, C.W. Taylor, W. de F. Haynes, R.B. Twitchell, A.L. Lissburger, A.V. Kidder, Edward Robinson, H.W. Palm, Lilliam Hathaway Mearns, Henry D. Paxson, University of Minnesota, Pathe Review, Joseph Auerbach, E.F. Shanbacker, Ales Hrdlicka, W.C. Park, Berger and Gutowski, George Gustav Heye, Laidlaw.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4db47fb64-c8f6-4361-9ed2-29a060bc8c80
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref7455
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George Pepper: Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Container:
Box 265, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Sep 1904
Scope and Contents:
Correspondents: George Gustav Heye, M.C. Long, John Frederick Huckel, Frederick W. Hodge, Benjamin Talbot Babbitt Hyde, George Lentz, John H. Cobbs, Harlan Smith, Clarence B. Moore, Homer Sargent, Emily de Forest, Hodgson Bros., Anselm Weber.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40b2d9daf-877b-4daa-b819-7ba9340cc12a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref7475
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Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 Map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat Tlingit  Search this
Tutchone  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Tanana  Search this
Kawchodinne (Hare)  Search this
Ahtna (Ahtena)  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Northern Athabascan  Search this
Chugach  Search this
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Degexit'an (Ingalik)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archaeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- Ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3363424fd-e665-498b-a37c-9f4a81302a35
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Online Media:

Hannah Arendt

Artist:
Fred Stein, 3 Jul 1909 - 22 Sep 1967  Search this
Sitter:
Hannah Arendt, 14 Oct 1906 - 04 Dec 1975  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 35 x 27.7cm (13 3/4 x 10 7/8")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1944 (printed 1987)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Ashtray  Search this
Hannah Arendt: Female  Search this
Hannah Arendt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Hannah Arendt: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Hannah Arendt: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Peter Stein
Object number:
NPG.88.200
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Fred Stein
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1930-1960
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 321
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4fe73ee63-07a0-44d0-813e-efc11234b818
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.88.200

R. Buckminster Fuller

Artist:
Boris Artzybasheff, 1899 - 16 Jul 1965  Search this
Sitter:
Buckminster Fuller, Jr., 12 Jul 1895 - 1 Jul 1983  Search this
Medium:
Tempera on board
Dimensions:
Sight: 43.2 x 31.1cm (17 x 12 1/4")
Frame: 74.9 x 59.7 x 3.2cm (29 1/2 x 23 1/2 x 1 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1963
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Imaginary  Search this
Vehicle\Helicopter  Search this
Vehicle\Airplane\Jet  Search this
Nature & Environment\Moon  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Male  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Cartographer  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Science and Technology\Inventor  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Mathematician  Search this
Buckminster Fuller, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC394
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Boris Artzybasheff
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm400bcc72c-bbcc-43ca-8dcd-c35350929fa1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC394

Theodore Roosevelt Family

Artist:
Pach Brothers Studio, active 1867 - 1993  Search this
Sitter:
Quentin Roosevelt, 19 Nov 1897 - 14 Jul 1918  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., 13 Sep 1887 - 12 Jul 1944  Search this
Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt, 09 Apr 1894 - 13 Oct 1979  Search this
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, 12 Feb 1884 - 20 Feb 1980  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt, 10 Oct 1889 - 4 Jun 1943  Search this
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, 6 Aug 1861 - 30 Sep 1948  Search this
Ethel Kermit Carow Roosevelt, 13 Aug 1891 - 10 Dec 1977  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 7.6 × 13.8 cm (3 × 5 7/16")
Sheet: 8.5 × 13.8 cm (3 3/8 × 5 7/16")
Mat: 27.9 × 35.6 cm (11 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1903
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Quentin Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Quentin Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Quentin Roosevelt: Military\Army\Pilot  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Puerto Rico  Search this
Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Lieutenant Colonel  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Shipping  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Major  Search this
Kermit Roosevelt: Military\Office of Strategic Services  Search this
Ethel Kermit Carow Roosevelt: Female  Search this
Ethel Kermit Carow Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Daughter of US President  Search this
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt: Female  Search this
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth: Female  Search this
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth: Politics and Government\Daughter of US President  Search this
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth: Society and Social Change\Socialite  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Joanna Sturm
Object number:
NPG.81.157
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40d3ae991-84db-4a5b-affd-2b7b32d473cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.157

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Cast after:
Daniel Chester French, 20 Apr 1850 - 7 Oct 1931  Search this
Foundry:
Henry Bonnard Bronze Co.  Search this
Sitter:
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 25 May 1803 - 27 Apr 1882  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
57.5 cm (22 5/8" )
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1901 cast after 1879 original
Topic:
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Male  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher\Transcendentalist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.74.13
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c44f5138-5c80-478b-9992-3a2952658402
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.74.13

Olmsted Model BRP Pusher Propeller, fixed-pitch, two-blade, wood

Designer:
Charles M Olmsted  Search this
Manufacturer:
Charles M Olmsted  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Natural Fabric
Paint
Steel
Maple
Ref: "Charles Olmsted, America's First Aeronautical Engineer,
and the Transatlantic Flying Boats," Garrett Olmsted, PhD
Professor of the History of Science and Technology and Social Science
Bluefield State College, Bluefield WV, unpublished manuscript, April 2005.
Dimensions:
Rotor/Propeller: 224.8 x 47 x 9.8 x 61 x 5.1cm (88 1/2 x 18 1/2 x 3 7/8 x 24 x 2 in.)
3-D: 221 x 39.4 x 61cm (87 x 15 1/2 x 24 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Propellers & Impellers
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1911
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A19690143000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv94918148f-704c-4727-8ba5-cc1e47ab050a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19690143000

Olmsted Model BLP Pusher Propeller, fixed-pitch, two-blade, wood

Designer:
Charles M Olmsted  Search this
Manufacturer:
Charles M Olmsted  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Fabric
Steel
Paint
Maple
Ref: "Charles Olmsted, America's First Aeronautical Engineer,
and the Transatlantic Flying Boats," Garrett Olmsted, PhD
Professor of the History of Science and Technology and Social Science
Bluefield State College, Bluefield WV, unpublished manuscript, April 2005.
Dimensions:
Rotor/Propeller: 224.8 x 47 x 9.8 x 61 x 5.1cm (88 1/2 x 18 1/2 x 3 7/8 x 24 x 2 in.)
3-D: 221.6 x 36.8 x 61.3cm (87 1/4 x 14 1/2 x 24 1/8 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Propellers & Impellers
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1911
Credit Line:
Found in collection
Inventory Number:
A19690145000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9eef67727-ebf7-4f11-ae3b-905f1bf075fe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19690145000

The Oxford handbook of philosophy of science / edited by Paul Humphreys

Title:
Handbook of philosophy of science
Editor:
Humphreys, Paul  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
2014
Topic:
Science--Philosophy  Search this
Philosophy and science  Search this
Call number:
Q175
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1152382

The Oxford handbook of dance and politics / edited by Rebekah J. Kowal, Gerald Siegmund, and Randy Martin

Title:
Handbook of dance and politics
Dance and politics
Editor:
Kowal, Rebekah J.  Search this
Siegmund, Gerald  Search this
Martin, Randy 1957-2015  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xiv, 634 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
2017
Topic:
Dance--Political aspects  Search this
Dance--Social aspects  Search this
Call number:
GV1588.45 O94 2017 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1152539

The Oxford handbook of probability and philosophy / edited by Alan Hájek and Christopher Hitchcock

Title:
Probability and philosophy
Editor:
Hájek, Alan 1962-  Search this
Hitchcock, Christopher 1964-  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2017
Topic:
Probabilities--Philosophy  Search this
Call number:
QA273.A35
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1152540

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