Folder 7 Bear, black--"Smokey Bear" memoranda and official correspondence, 1970, 1971, 1974-1975, 1977, 1982. Includes information on "Smokey's" retirement party, and death of "Smokey" and his mate "Goldie."
Box 21 of 69
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park, Office of Public Affairs, Records
SCRAPBOOKS, 1899-1901, 1903, 1905, 1924-1978 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.
These scrapbooks contain magazine and newspaper clippings, invitations and pamphlets, and a few original photographs in both black and white and color. Clippings
came from newspapers all over the United States and some foreign countries as well. Except for one scrapbook devoted to clippings about elephants, all of the books document
events, animals, and people at the National Zoological Park. Twelve scrapbooks are filled with clippings about the giant pandas "Ling-Ling" and "Hsing-Hsing," and four books
deal exclusively with the death of "Smokey Bear." Also included are some loose newspaper clippings in folders, dating from 1899 to 1905.
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 365, National Zoological Park, Office of Public Affairs, Records
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage Search this
The Festival program, Forest Service, Culture, and Community, presented occupational traditions from the USDA Forest Service, an organization celebrating its centennial in 2005, as well as other forest-dependent traditions from the cultural communities it serves. Approximately a hundred participants on the National Mall shared their skills, experiences, and traditions with members of the public; they included tree pathologists, wildlife biologists, landscape architects, historic horticulturalists, botanists, bird banders, archaeologists, environmental engineers, firefighters, smokejumpers, recreation specialists, backcountry rangers, woodcarvers, basket makers, quilters, instrument makers, musicians, poets, storytellers, and camp cooks.
As the Forest Service began its second century, it already had a long tradition of caring for the land, serving the public, and meeting the challenges of conservation. For instance, the Forest Service has an ongoing mission to educate teachers and children, connecting people to the land through conservation education. Such education increases public awareness and understanding of the interrelationships in natural systems. Natural resource professionals teach in classrooms or lead field trips. Similarly, Smokey Bear and Woodsy Owl have become national symbols in fire-prevention and conservation campaigns.
As the Festival program vividly demonstrated, the men and women who work in our forests and rangelands have very special connections to the land and its natural resources. They understand the science, the history, the technology, the art, and the traditions of forest service, culture, and community. They also recognize the values inherent in the work they do. Following the example set by Forest Service founder Gifford Pinchot a hundred years before, these men and women are still seeking to provide "the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run."
James Deutsch was Program Curator; Dorey Butter was Program Coordinator, and Tasha Coleman was Research Coordinator. At the USDA Forest Service, the Coordination Team included Linda Feldman, New Century of Service Program Manager; Christine Murray, Festival Program Manager; and Karen Fiore, Research and Oral Histories, Festival Co-Coordinator.
The program was made possible through a partnership with the USDA Forest Service and was produced in collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts. Major support came from the National Forest Foundation, Honda, and Whole Foods Market, with additional contributions from IBM and The American Chestnut Foundation.
Fieldworkers and interviewers:
Arlena Aragon-Husband, Patricia Asteinza, Christina Barr, Sarah Barsness, Bob Beckley, Cheryl Burgess, Kevin Davis, Bonnie Dearing, Sherri Richardson Dodge, Jill Evans, Maryo Ewell, Kathleen Figgen, Karen Fiore, Sandi Forney, Don Gedney (1918-2005), Andrew Grace, Andrea Graham, Elizabeth Harvey, Teresa Haugh, David Hunt, Don Jensen, Elizabeth Harvey Johnson, Barbara Kenady-Fish, Carrie N. Kline, Connie R. Lee, Terry Livingston, Chris Losi, Jens Lund, Kari Lusk, Michelle Mcanally, Ken McCall, James L. McConnell, June McMillen, Darcy Minter, Sheila Poole, Ben Quick, Mike Ryan, John Schelhas, Cathie Schmidlin, Steve Segin, Ronna Lee Sharpe, George Sibley, Brooke Smith, Stephen Swimmer, Elaine Thatcher, Lee Webb, Janet Werren, Georgia Wier, Carol Winkler, Susan Wright, Pat York
Susan B. Adams, 1964-, Protecting Forests and Wildlife Habitats participant, Oxford, Mississippi
Kevin Mills, Water, Woods, and Mountains participant
Chuck Milner, 1960-, Sounds of the Forest participant, Cheyenne, Oklahoma
Heather Murphy, 1953-, Protecting Forests and Wildlife Habitats participant, Leavenworth, Washington
Lezlie Murray, 1954-, Call of the Wild participant, Girdwood, Alaska
Hank Nelson, 1933-, Community Stage participant, Wasilla, Alaska
Lavinia B. Nelson, 1921-, Arts & Crafts participant, Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina
Mark Pearlstein, Water, Woods, and Mountains participant
Kelly Pearson, Call of the Wild participant, Jonesboro, Illinois
Leona Pooyouma, 1946-, Arts & Crafts participant, Flagstaff, Arizona
Marvin Pooyouma, 1948-, Arts & Crafts participant, Flagstaff, Arizona
Steve Reed, 1967-, Smokejumper Base participant, Victor, Montana
Rodney Richard, Sr., 1929-, Arts & Crafts participant, Rangeley, Maine
Riders in the Dirt, Sounds of the Forest -- Riders in the Dirt, Sounds of the ForestAnne Alford, 1967-, lead singer, bassistJo Booser, 1950-, fiddle, musical saws, flutesJudy Haigler, 1952-, rhythm guitarGayle Hunt, 1954-, guitar, banjo, mandolin
Michael Ritter, Sustainable Resource House participant, Madison, Wisconsin
William Rosanelli, 1949-, Forest Service History participant, Montague, New Jersey
Michelle Ryan, 1949-, Forest Service History participant, Dillon, Montana
Catherine "Cat" Sampson, 1949-, Law Enforcement participant, Camp Verde, Arizona
Nathan Schiff, 1958-, Tree Doctors participant, Stoneville, Mississippi
Herb Schroeder, 1951-, Forest Landscapes participant, Evanston, Illinois
Dave Shaw, 1955-, Canopy Crane participant, Carson, Washington
The Shawnee Forest New Century Children's Choir, Sounds of the Forest participants, Southern Illinois
Jane E. Smith, 1959-, Tree Doctors participant, Corvallis, Oregon
Stacey Smith, 1960-, Call of the Wild participant, McKenzie Bridge, Oregon
Bill Stafford, 1949-, Camp Foodways participant, Lake Montezuma, Arizona
Jean Szymanski, 1959-, Family Activities participant, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Sidne Teske, 1952-, Arts & Crafts participant, Tuscarora, Nevada
Donna Thatcher, 1939-, Camp Foodways participant, Farmington, New Mexico
Walt Thies, 1942-, Arts & Crafts participant, Corvallis, Oregon
Lee Thornhill, 1965-, Fire Camp participant, Lakeside, Arizona
Trails Unlimited, Interactive Forest participant, Monrovia, California
Teresa Trulock, 1965-, Forest Service History participant, Pinedale, Wyoming
Gail Tunberg, Water, Woods, and Mountains participant, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Francisco Valenzuela, 1957-, Water, Woods, and Mountains participant, Golden, Colorado
Dennis Vroman, 1943-, Protecting Forests and Wildlife Habitats participant, Grants Pass, Oregon
Linda Wadleigh, 1961-, Camp Foodways, Fire Camp, and Tree Doctors participant, Flagstaff, Arizona
Lee Webb, 1943-, Protecting Forests and Wildlife Habitats participant, Grants Pass, Oregon
Neil Weintraub, 1964-, Forest Landscapes participant, Williams, Arizona
Chuck Williams, 1934-, Forest Service History participant, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Don Wilson, Water, Woods, and Mountains participant
Marta Witt, 1955-, Forest Landscapes participant, Wilmington, Illinois
Keith Wolferman, Smokejumper Base participant, Missoula, Montana
Pat York, 1957-, Community Stage and Water, Woods, and Mountains participant, Jonesboro, Illinois
J.P. Zavalla, Smokejumper Base participant, Santa Ynez, California
Pete Zavalla, 1944-, Community Stage participant, Solvang, California
Tony Zavalla, 1970-, Fire Camp participant, Santa Barbara, Californiab
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2005 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
The records of the National Zoological Park, Office of Public Affairs were for the most part created and maintained by Sybil E. Hamlet, Public Information Officer at
NZP for over twenty years. Also included are some general correspondence and memoranda created by Hamlet's predecessor, Marion McCrane.
As Public Information Officer, Hamlet was responsible for gathering and disseminating information about NZP's events, collections, and programs to the media and the general
public. She garnered a great deal of information about animal births, deaths, breeding, and acquisitions from the daily and weekly animal reports written by the keepers, which
are included in these records as series 1. Other data that Hamlet collected about animals at NZP and other zoos, including clippings, photographs, and manuscripts, can be
found in the animal information files. This series (4) is an especially rich source of information on the arrival of and the public reaction to the two giant pandas, "Ling-Ling"
and "Hsing Hsing."
A large portion of Hamlet's job was answering requests for information about animals and zoos from both the public at large and from other members of the zoo profession.
Samples of incoming correspondence and the replies of Hamlet, her predecessor Marion McCrane, and other staff in the Public Affairs Office, can be found in series 5 and 6.
Series 5 contains requests for information solely about animals, while series 6 is concerned with requests for photographs, guidebooks, maps, and more general information
about NZP and zoo careers.
The general subject files (series 3) document the research and activities of the Office of Public Affairs not directly related to the animal collections at NZP. Other aspects
of Hamlet's work as Public Information Officer can be seen in the memoranda and correspondence in this series concerning the planning and execution of special events at the
zoo. Writing signs and labels for the zoo was another duty of the Office of Public Affairs until the Office of Graphics and Exhibits was created in 1974; series 2 contains
drafts of text for those signs, including maps showing the geographic range of the animals described.
The more administrative side of the Office of Public Affairs is documented in series 7, which contains internal memoranda concerning such things as chain of command during
leaves of absence, personnel issues, and commendations for exceptional performance by Public Affairs staff and other NZP staff assisting with Public Affairs activities.
In 1978, Sybil Hamlet was delegated a two-year assignment of researching and writing the history of the National Zoological Park. Series 8 contains all the notes, articles,
correspondence, manuscripts, and clippings she used in order to create her manuscript, "The National Zoological Park from Its Beginnings to 1973." Three drafts of the manuscript
are included, along with an index to one of the drafts. The manuscript was never published.
Another fine source for information about past events and animals at NZP is the large number of scrapbooks that make up series 12. Clippings about NZP people, animals,
collection expeditions, and events were saved from 1924 to 1978, along with original photographs (black and white and color) in some albums. Twelve of these scrapbooks are
devoted to the giant pandas, and four solely to obituaries for "Smokey Bear." A small collection of glass lantern slides and photographs can be found in series 9. The lantern
slides were probably taken in the London Zoological Gardens at the turn of the century, and the photographs (both black and white and color) are images of NZP and its animals.
Original artwork, primarily of "Smokey Bear" and of the giant pandas, make up series 10; series 11 contains architectural drawings and maps of NZP grounds and buildings.
The Office of Public Affairs did not exist as an administrative entity at the National Zoological Park (NZP) until 1978. Prior to the early 1960s, dissemination of
information about NZP programs, activities, and animals to the public and the media was carried out by the staff of the Office of the Director. In 1962, zoologist Marion McCrane
was hired to head the Information and Education Division at NZP. In addition to handling public affairs, the division also created signs and labels for NZP exhibits. When
McCrane resigned in December 1968, Sybil E. Hamlet was named acting head and later head of the office.
In 1972, Information and Education was reorganized and became the Division of Interpretation, with Saul W. Schiffman as chief of the division. The new division's duties
were expanded to include exhibit production. In 1974, information and education work was again separated from exhibits production by the creation of the Office of Education
and Information and the Office of Graphics and Exhibits. Judith White was named chief of the Office of Education and Information in 1975. This office was renamed the Office
of Education in 1978, when information duties were transferred to the newly established Office of Public Affairs.
The Office of Public Affairs was headed by Patricia Hurley in 1978, and Robert J. Hoage became chief of the office in 1979. With the assistance of Sybil Hamlet and Michael
Morgan, the Office of Public Affairs continued to provide general information about NZP programs and activities to the public and the media, as well as organizing and coordinating
special events at NZP.
Inyo National Forest. Along Highway 395, going south approximately 33km from Mono Lake and approximately 4km before Mammoth Lakes turn off. In a lava flat roadside - evenly dispersed along a large area., Mono, California, United States, North America