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Folder 4 Smithsonian Scientific Series, 1925

Container:
Box 53 of 459
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7091, Science Service, Records
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Records
Records / Series 3: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL, BOOKS, ARTICLES, AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF EDWIN E. SLOSSON, 1902-1929. / Box 53
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7091-refidd1e7103

Records Concerning the Publication of Crustaceans, 1960-1976

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
In 1965, the University of Michigan Press published a revised edition of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt's Crustaceans as part of the Ann Arbor Science Paperback Series. The work was originally published in 1931 as a volume of the Smithsonian Scientific Series. This series consists of correspondence with the University of Michigan Press concerning the publication of the revised edition of Crustaceans, 1960-1974; correspondence from scientists and friends acknowledging receipt of complimentary copies of Crustaceans, 1966-1967; memorandum of agreement between Schmitt and the University of Michigan Press, 1965; royalty reports, 1967-1976; reviews of Crustaceans, 1966-1967; manuscripts and a reader's proof; miscellaneous notes and publications on crustacea; and photographs and drawings.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7231, Series 8
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e10433

Untitled

Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
Smithsonian Scientific Series
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: SMITHSONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES, 1894-1926. / Box 66
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refidd1e10374

Grass

Author:
Hitchcock, A. S.  Search this
Chase, Agnes  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1931
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_112204

Untitled

Type:
Archival materials
Summary:
In 1923 the Smithsonian approached William T. DeVan and his associates with a plan to produce a series of popular scientific books to be marketed by DeVan for the Smithsonian's benefit. The set, called the Smithsonian Scientific Series, became quite popular and produced substantial revenues before its discontinuance in the 1940s. Record unit 45 chronicles only the bare beginning of the effort; record unit 46 contains most of the records.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: SMITHSONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES, 1894-1926. / Box 66
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refidd1e10386

Records

Topic:
Smithsonian scientific series
North American Wildflowers
Extent:
57.93 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (104 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (oversize materials)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1890-1929
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit documents the growth and management of the Smithsonian from 1890 to 1929. Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts through the creation of the National Gallery of Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well. Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archaeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C.; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman Alaska series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma solar observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona, and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.
Historical Note:
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. This period gave a deceptive appearance of strength to the Institution's life. Walcott himself, perhaps the last of the nineteenth-century scientist-politicians to combine a distinguished scientific reputation and polished ease in the world of political Washington, lent the Institution considerable support from his wide experience and many friends among the powerful of the day. The Institution's staff also boasted an able corps of scientists and senior administrators. Several new programs were developed during these years--the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art) and the Freer Gallery of Art, in particular. These two galleries gave the Smithsonian its first real grounding in fine arts and rounded out the vision of the Institution as a place hospitable to all fields of learning.

Yet with the benefit of hindsight, these accomplishments can be seen to have masked real weakness, described either as the Smithsonian's failure to adapt its perception of itself to the changing world or as a lack of money.

When the Smithsonian was created in 1846 the corpus of its endowment was somewhat more than $500,000.00. It had few rivals elsewhere in the country. However, with the growth of large-scale private philanthropy after the Civil War, the Smithsonian's means shrank steadily in comparison to the endowments of leading institutions like the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale or new entrants like Stanford and the University of Chicago. No doubt this situation developed in part because the Smithsonian had no real alumni. It received a few small gifts from well-to-do members of its own staff and one moderate gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a naturalized English eccentric. For all else it relied on small appropriations from the federal government, for which it performed certain services such as curating the collections of the National Museum. Coupled with meager financial resources was the Regents' suspicion of new and nonscientific endeavors. It is likely, for instance, that the Regents would have refused Charles Lang Freer's gift of a gallery of oriental art in 1906, had Theodore Roosevelt not obliged them to accept it. In the same way, the gift of certain patents on electrostatic precipitators by Frederic G. Cottrell in 1911 was politely shunted onto other shoulders, leaving the Smithsonian a remote beneficiary of the income. The Smithsonian's aloofness was in sharp contrast to the willingness of other institutions to accept such gifts. How this attitude arose is not clear. Perhaps it was an unconscious extension of Joseph Henry's early determination to associate the Smithsonian's name only with "worthy" purposes. However that may be, the Smithsonian was very late in the field in trying to augment its endowment. Walcott had begun to plan a campaign to raise $10,000,000.00--documented in record unit 46--which collapsed with his untimely death in 1927. Thus the Institution was to enter the era of the Depression in very straitened circumstances.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Seismology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 45
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0045

Minutes

Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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Waldo L. Schmitt Papers

Extent:
79.56 cu. ft. (6 record storage boxes) (121 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (4 12x17 boxes) (60 3x5 boxes) (3 5x8 boxes) (2 film boxes) (oversize material)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Date:
1907-1978
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt provide comprehensive documentation of his professional career, 1907-1977. They also illustrate, to a lesser degree, his personal life. Particularly well represented in the papers is material concerning Schmitt's carcinological research, his curatorial and administrative careers at the United States National Museum (USNM), his career as a field worker and scientific expedition member, and his activities in scientific societies and professional organizations.

Schmitt was a prolific letter writer and a large part of his papers consists of correspondence written and received between 1907 and 1977. The correspondence reflects all aspects of Schmitt's career, particularly expeditions and field work, the evolution of his duties at the USNM, carcinological research, and relations with the scientific community. Also included are many letters with friends and family members concerning personal matters.

Records relating to Schmitt's activities in scientific societies, professional organizations, and social groups are found in his organizational files. They also include files kept by Schmitt on government agencies, museums, colleges and universities, and research foundations. Included are records documenting Schmitt's tenure as President of the Washington Academy of Sciences, his duties as a trustee of the Bear's Bluff Laboratories and the International Oceanographic Foundation, his application for the position of Director of the California Academy of Sciences, his academic careers at George Washington University and the University of California, and his career as an instructor at George Washington University.

Other records relating to Schmitt's service in professional organizations exist in separate series. These include files concerning his work on the editorial board for biological manuscripts for the American Geophysical Union's Antarctic Research Series, records regarding his service on the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Polar Research, and files reflecting his activities as a member of the Explorers Club and the Society of Systematic Zoology (SSZ). The SSZ files are of particular interest since they provide information concerning the founding and early history of the Society and include records maintained by Schmitt during his tenure as the organization's first President.

Schmitt's fifty-two-year career as a field worker and scientific expedition member is extensively illustrated in the expedition files. The records include diaries, field notes, station data, correspondence, manuscripts, reprints, publications, reports, newspaper clippings, financial records, photographs, notes, maps, and memorabilia collected by Schmitt. Records concerning his underwater photography field work with Harry Pederson are contained in a separate series.

Aside from his correspondence, Schmitt's personal activities and outside interests are best illustrated by records concerning his ideas and plans for easing traffic problems in Washington, D.C. Included is correspondence, newspaper articles by Schmitt, and hearing statements that outline his plans for a commuter railroad.

The papers include a large group of photographs, slides, movies, lantern slides, and tape recordings made and collected by Schmitt. Included are photographs of Schmitt, scientific colleagues, and Smithsonian and USNM associates; early underwater photographs taken by William Harding Longley at Tortugas, Florida; slides, movies, lantern slides, and tape recordings made on expeditions; and a tape recording of the "Remembrance to Waldo LaSalle Schmitt" held at the National Museum of Natural History in 1978.

The papers also include diaries and notebooks mostly concerning USNM business, but also containing entries made on expeditions; records dealing with the republication of Schmitt's book Crustaceans; files on his research project "The American Commensal Crabs of the Family Pinnotheridae"; manuscripts, speeches, and publications of Schmitt; biographical materials, compiled by Schmitt on his mentor, Mary Jane Rathbun; records, collected by Schmitt, on Robert A. Bartlett and the Bartlett Arctic Expeditions; a transcript of an oral history interview of Schmitt; and awards, diplomas, and citations received by Schmitt.

Additional material in the Smithsonian Archives that relates to Schmitt can be found in the records of the Division of Marine Invertebrates, United States National Museum (Record Units 233 and 235) and its successor, the Division of Crustacea, National Museum of Natural History (Record Unit 307), and the records of the Departments of Biology and Zoology, United States National Museum (Record Units 143, 242, and 243).
Historical Note:
Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (1887-1977) was born in Washington, D.C. He developed an early interest in natural history, studying the flora and fauna of the District of Columbia and nearby Maryland. He received the B.S. degree from George Washington University in 1913; the M.A. degree from the University of California in 1916; and his Ph.D. from George Washington University in 1922. In 1948, he received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Southern California.

Schmitt began his career in government service in 1907 as an Aide in Economic Botany for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He served in that position until 1910 when he was appointed Scientific Aide in the Division of Marine Invertebrates of the United States National Museum (USNM). At USNM, he became acquainted with Mary Jane Rathbun and began to develop his interest in the study of crustacea. From 1911 to 1914, Schmitt served on the staff of the United States Bureau of Fisheries as Scientific Assistant and Naturalist aboard the Albatross during its cruises along the west coast of America and Alaska. Crustacean collections surveys made on the Albatross provided the material for Schmitt's M.A. thesis, "The Marine Decapod Crustacea of California." In 1915, Schmitt returned to the United States National Museum as Assistant Curator in the Division of Marine Invertebrates. From 1915 to 1920, he also served as part-time instructor of Zoology at George Washington University. In 1920, Schmitt was named Curator of the Division of Marine Invertebrates and remained in that capacity until 1943 when he was appointed Head Curator of the Department of Biology. The Department of Biology was split into the Departments of Zoology and Botany in 1947, with Schmitt as Head Curator of Zoology. Upon his retirement in 1957, Schmitt was named Honorary Research Associate and continued his association with the Smithsonian Institution until his death on 5 August 1977.

Schmitt participated in numerous biological expeditions and field trips during his career. Under the auspices of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, he spent the summer of 1918 studying the life history of the spiny lobster at the Scripps Institution, La Jolla, California. During the summers of 1924 and 1925, Schmitt was at the Carnegie Institution's Marine Laboratory at Tortugas, Florida, surveying the crustacean fauna of the area, identifying crustaceans found in the stomachs of fishes, and taking underwater photographs. He also participated in field work at Tortugas during the summers of 1930, 1931, and 1932. In 1925, Schmitt was awarded the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship "for the study of the fauna of countries other than the United States." The scholarship enabled him to collect marine invertebrates along the east coast of South America from August to December, 1925, and on the west coast from August 1926 to May 1927.

During the years 1933 to 1935, Schmitt was a member of three expeditions to the Galapagos Islands sponsored by G. Allan Hancock of Los Angeles, California. While on these trips, Schmitt became acquainted with a group of utopian colonists on Florena Island in the Galapagos, who attracted considerable attention in the world press by their intrigues and mysterious behavior. As a guest of G. Huntington Hartford, he explored and collected in the West Indies on the Smithsonian-Hartford West Indies Expedition of 1937. In 1938, Schmitt was chosen by the White House to accompany President Franklin D. Roosevelt as Naturalist on the Presidential Cruise to Clipperton, Cocos, and the Galapagos Islands. In 1939, Schmitt was a member of the Hancock South America Expedition and he served as the Biologist in charge of field operations on the first United States Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska King Crab Investigation in 1940. During 1941 and 1942, Schmitt spent time on special detail with the United States Navy investigating the possibility of establishing a biological station in the Galapagos Islands. In 1943, he visited South America, under the auspices of the State Department, for the purpose of strengthening relations between United States and Latin American scientists.

In 1955, the Smithsonian Institution began an association with J. Bruce Bredin of Wilmington, Delaware, that produced several scientific expeditions. In that year, Schmitt headed the Smithsonian-Bredin Belgian Congo Expedition. From 1956 to 1960, Schmitt led Bredin sponsored expeditions to the Caribbean (1956, 1958, 1959), the Society Islands (1957), and the Yucatan (1960). Sponsored by a grant from the Office of Naval Research, Schmitt spent the summers of 1961 and 1962 with Harry Pederson photographing the coral reef fauna of the Bahama Islands. Schmitt's last expedition was in 1962-1963, when he served as a member of the Palmer Peninsula (Antarctica) Survey of the United States Antarctic Research Program. During the survey, Schmitt collected over 29,000 specimens, which were added to the collections of the National Museum of Natural History. In recognition of his contributions to the United States Antarctic Research Program, the Board of Geographic Names designated a 30 mile ice-covered series of outcrops at the base of the Antarctic Peninsula, Schmitt Mesa.

Schmitt's primary field of zoological investigation was carcinology, with special emphasis on the decapod crustaceans (the order that includes crabs, lobsters, and shrimp). His bibliography consists of more than seventy titles. A member of numerous professional organizations, Schmitt was active in the founding of the Society of Systematic Zoology and served as president in 1948. He was also president of the Washington Academy of Sciences in 1947. Schmitt was a trustee of the Bear's Bluff Laboratories, the International Oceanographic Foundation, and the Serological Museum of Rutgers University.

For additional biographical information on Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, see Richard E. Blackwelder, The Zest for Life, or Waldo Had a Pretty Good Run: The Life of Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (Lawrence, Kansas: The Allen Press, Inc., 1979); Fenner A. Chace, Jr., "Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, 25 June 1887 - 5 August 1977," Crustaceana, 1978, vol. 34, pt. 1, pp. 83-90; and John Sherwood, "Uncle Waldo Still Hears the Call of Crustaceans," The Washington Star, January 11, 1977.
Chronology:
June 25, 1887 -- Born in Washington, D.C.

1907-1910 -- Aide in Economic Botany, United States Department of Agriculture

1910 -- Scientific Aide, Division of Marine Invertebrates, United States National Museum (February-September)

1911 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Expedition to Lower California aboard the Albatross (February-May)

1911 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Chignik (Alaska) Biological Survey aboard the Albatross and the Star of Alaska (May-September)

1912-1914 -- Scientific Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Survey of San Francisco Bay aboard the Albatross (various trips)

1913 -- Bachelor of Science, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1914 -- Naturalist in charge of biological activities, Bureau of Fisheries Halibut Survey of Washington and Oregon aboard the Albatross (April-May, August-September)

1914 -- Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries Olympia Oyster Beds Survey (June-August)

1914 -- Married Alvina Stumm (November 19)

1915-1920 -- Assistant Curator, Division of Marine Invertebrates, USNM

1915-1920 -- Instructor in Zoology, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1916 -- Master of Arts, University of California, Berkeley

1918 -- Bureau of Fisheries Spiny Lobster Investigations aboard the Albacore out of La Jolla, California (June-August)

1920-1943 -- Curator, Division of Marine Invertebrates, USNM

1921 -- The Marine Decapod Crustacea of California..., University of California Publications in Zoology, volume 23

1922 -- Ph.D., George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1924 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1925 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1925 -- Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the East Coast of South America (August-December)

1926-1927 -- Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship Expedition to the West Coast of South America, including the Falkland Islands, Deception Island, and Juan Fernandez Islands (August 1926-May 1927)

1930 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1931 -- Crustaceans. Smithsonian Scientific Series, volume 10

1931 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1932 -- Field work at Carnegie Marine Laboratory, Dry Tortugas, Florida (summer)

1933 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition I aboard the Velero III (January-March)

1933-1934 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition II aboard the Velero III (December 1933-March 1934)

1934-1935 -- Hancock Pacific-Galapagos Expedition III aboard the Velero III (November 1934-February 1935)

1937 -- Smithsonian-Hartford West Indies Expedition aboard the Joseph Conrad (March-May)

1938 -- Presidential Cruise to the Galapagos aboard the U.S.S. Houston (July-August)

1939 -- Hancock South America Expedition aboard the Velero III (March-May)

1940 -- Biologist in charge of field operations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska King Crab Investigation (August-December)

1941 -- United States Navy Trip to the Galapagos (April)

1942 -- United States Navy Trip to the Galapagos (June-July)

1943 -- United States Department of State Trip to South America (April-June)

1943-1947 -- Head Curator, Department of Biology, USNM

1947 -- President, Washington Academy of Sciences

1947-1957 -- Head Curator, Department of Zoology, USNM

1948 -- Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Southern California

1948 -- Society of Systematic Zoology formed with Schmitt as first President

1954 -- Applied Systematics. Smithsonian Report for 1953

1955 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Belgian Congo Expedition (March-June)

1956 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition I (March-April)

1957 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Society Islands Expedition (April-May)

1957 -- Retirement from USNM

1957-1977 -- Research Associate, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History

1958 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition II (March-May)

1959 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Caribbean Expedition III (March-May)

1960 -- Smithsonian-Bredin Yucatan Expedition (March-May)

1961-1962 -- Underwater photography field work with Harry Pederson in the Bahamas

1962-1963 -- Palmer Peninsula Survey, U.S. Antarctic Research Program (November 1962-March 1963)

1965 -- Crustaceans. Republished by University of Michigan Press

1968 -- "Schmitt Mesa" designated in Antarctica by Board of Geographic Names

1976 -- Death of Alvina Schmitt

August 5, 1977 -- Death

1978 -- "Remembrance to Waldo LaSalle Schmitt," memorial meeting at the National Museum of Natural History
Topic:
Biography  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Crustacea  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Lantern slides
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7231
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7231

Electromagnet Made by Joseph Henry

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Silliman, Benjamin 1816-1885  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
Albany Academy  Search this
College of New Jersey (Princeton, N.J.)  Search this
Yale University  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Place:
United States
Date:
1978
Topic:
Secretaries  Search this
Electromagnet  Search this
Artifacts  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Electricity  Search this
Electromagnetism  Search this
Magnets  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Science--History  Search this
Standard number:
78-6063
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10026

Lindbergh Receives Langley Medal

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Newton, Walter Hughes  Search this
Robinson, Joseph Taylor 1872-1937  Search this
Moore, R. Walton  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A (Charles Augustus) 1902-1974  Search this
Delano, Frederic Adrian  Search this
Taft, William H. (William Howard) 1857-1930  Search this
Ferris, Woodbridge Nathan  Search this
Smoot, Reed 1862-1941  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Samuel P. Langley Gold Medal for Aerodromics  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group
Date:
1927
Topic:
Johnson, Albert  Search this
Celebrities and Dignitaries  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Rewards (Prizes, etc.)  Search this
Aeronautics--Awards  Search this
Secretariats  Search this
Awards  Search this
Medals  Search this
Standard number:
2002-12171
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9617

Extinct Monsters Hall in Natural History Museum, late 1930s

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
late 1930s
Topic:
Extinct Monsters Hall  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Skeleton  Search this
Dinosaurs  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Basilosaurus  Search this
Diplodocus longus  Search this
Triceratops  Search this
Ray-finned bony fish  Search this
Edmontosaurus  Search this
Pteranodon ingens  Search this
Flying reptile  Search this
Standard number:
32017-A or MNH-32017A
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8266

Department of Mammals Storage, National Museum of Natural History, 1911

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Mammals  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Interior; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Interior
Date:
1911
Topic:
Office Space  Search this
Storage  Search this
Mammals  Search this
Skulls  Search this
Skeleton  Search this
Antlers  Search this
Standard number:
24052 or NHB-24052
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8130

Duryea Automobile

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Duryea Automobile  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Duryea, Charles E  Search this
Duryea, J. Frank  Search this
Standard number:
91-3698
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8334

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_001]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400004
Online Media:

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_002]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400005
Online Media:

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_003]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400006
Online Media:

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_004]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400007
Online Media:

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_005]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400008
Online Media:

National Zoological Park, Wolverine

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1930
Before 1930
Topic:
Mammals  Search this
Wolverine  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F19_006]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_400009
Online Media:

Charles A. Lindbergh Receives Langley Medal

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Newton, Walter H. 1880-1941  Search this
Robinson, Joseph Taylor 1872-1937  Search this
Moore, R. Walton (Robert Walton) 1859-1941  Search this
Lindbergh, Charles A (Charles Augustus) 1902-1974  Search this
Delano, Frederic Adrian 1863-1953  Search this
Taft, William H (William Howard) 1857-1930  Search this
Johnson, Albert 1869-1957  Search this
Ferris, Woodbridge N. 1853-1928  Search this
Smoot, Reed 1862-1941  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 8 x 10;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1927
December 8, 1927
Topic:
Aeronautics--Awards  Search this
Medals  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000371 [2002-12171]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_396135

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