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Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1943.

Container:
Box 16 of 31
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 87, Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D. C.), Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: General Correspondence: 1942-1946 / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0087-refidd1e1938

"Roster of Personnel, World Travel and Special Knowledge," compiled by the Smithsonian War Committee, 1942.

Container:
Box 5 of 31
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 87, Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D. C.), Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: Board's Project Records: 1942-1946 / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0087-refidd1e565

Carl Mitman and Staff

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Mitman, Carl W  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Arts and Industries  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1952
Topic:
History of Science and Technology  Search this
Technology  Search this
Retirement  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
United States--History--Technology  Search this
Standard number:
2003-19537
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10360

Records

Extent:
16.5 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (29 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
Japan -- Social life and customs
Africa -- Social life and customs
Micronesia -- Social life and customs
Date:
1942-1946
Descriptive Entry:
This collection includes records concerning the Board's projects, general correspondence, committee and organization work and information concerning specialized data and special subjects. Postwar regional administration records, geographic reports, country information files, photographs and uncompleted project records are also included, as are the Board's fiscal, conference, meeting and miscellaneous records.
Historical Note:
The Ethnogeographic Board was established during the Second World War. It was established primarily to act as a clearinghouse for government wartime needs. During the three and one-half years of its existence (June of 1942 through December of 1945) the board provided ethnogeographic information on the non-European areas of the war, notably Africa, Micronesia, Melanesia and Indonesia. It aided in the location and mobilization of area and language specialists, especially anthropologists. It was jointly sponsored by the American Council of Learned Societies, the Social Science Research Council, the National Research Council and the Smithsonian Institution. The Board utilized facilities and other technical assistance provided by the latter. William Duncan Strong served as the Board's Director from 1942 until 1944 at which time he was succeeded by Henry B. Collins Jr. The salaries of both men were provided by the Smithsonian.

The original Board consisted of six members and until 1945 met semi-annually as an advisory and policy making body. In addition, five separate committees worked closely with the Board. These included the Committee on African Anthropology; the Committee on the Anthropology of Oceania; the Joint Committee on the Latin American Studies; the Intensive Language Program; and the Smithsonian War Committee. A sixth, the Committee on Asiatic Geography, was formed as a result of a Board-sponsored conference. Each committee remained an independent entity, although theoretically the Board was supposed to integrate the work of all of these committees. The Board received its financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation and its own sponsoring organizations. Of the latter, the Smithsonian contributed the largest portion.

Five major undertakings were of sufficient magnitude to be designated as projects. The most important of these was the "Survival Project." At the request of the United States Navy, the Ethnogeographic Board and the staff of the Smithsonian prepared the manual Survival on Land and Sea in 1943. Several editions were published and by 1944 970,000 copies had been printed and distributed to the armed forces in the Pacific Theater.

In September of 1942 the Board sponsored a conference on Bolivian Indians in New Haven. Its purpose was to discuss those factors relevant to the use of Indians as industrial labor in the mines and to encourage greater agricultural output from this group. A thirty-five page report resulted from this conference and was subsequently distributed by the Board. Though this project was less extensive than the "Survival" project it was significant because it was designed to serve as a model for other similar projects.

In January of 1944 under the direction of Research Associates Bacon and Fenton a third project was initiated. The subsequent "Survey of Area Studies in American Universities" was undertaken to analyze the foreign area courses offered at selected universities. A total of 27 universities from the Pacific to the Atlantic coasts were included, and reports on about one-third of these were completed.

In March of that year the Board members discussed the feasibility of writing a history of the Board's activities. It was agreed that such a record was necessary and eventually Board member Wendell Clark Bennett was designated to draft this account. This fourth project, covering the activities of the Board up to June of 1945, was completed in August of that year.

In June of 1945 the last major undertaking was initiated. At that time the executive committee considered compiling a list of all war-related documents provided by the Board. Homer Barnett was assigned late in 1945 to survey those documents concerned with the Pacific Area. This project was combined with the never-completed Pacific Survey Project under Barnett's direction.

Although not considered a major undertaking, the "World File of Area and Language Specialists List" might better be described as an ongoing Board project. Approximately 5000 names were included on this roster. The sources from which they were gathered were numerous and included the Committee on Latin American Anthropology; the Committee on Asiatic Geography; the Intensive Language Program; and the Smithsonian War Committee. The lists provided by the Committees on the Anthropology of Africa and Oceania formed the backbone of this roster. The geographic areas of primary concern included Africa, Indonesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. This roster was used extensively by the government and other agencies throughout the course of the war.

Besides its own projects, the Board participated in a number of others in conjunction with various organizations and institutions. The Board assisted in the preparation of a manual entitled "Jungle and Desert Emergencies" with the Air Corps. The Quartermaster General's Office worked with the Board on a "Reconnaissance Report on Concentrated Rations of Primitive Peoples". Cooperating with the American Council of Learned Societies, the Board aided in the development of a program to train personnel in the Russian language. Other projects initiated but never completed included the Pacific Survey Project, the Area and Language Notes Project and the Research Committee Project.

Though the Board continued to operate until December of 1945, the first three years of its existence were those of the greatest activity.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- United States  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Micronesian languages  Search this
African languages  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Geography -- Africa  Search this
Geography -- Micronesia  Search this
Geography -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 87, Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D. C.), Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 87
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0087

Associate Director 's Committee Records, 1940-1943

Creator:
United States National Museum  Search this
Subject:
Mitman, Carl Weaver 1889-  Search this
Graf, John Enos  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1940
1940-1943
Topic:
Museums--Administration  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00308
See more items in:
Associate Director 's Committee Records 1940-1943 [United States National Museum]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219688

Brief Summary of the Smithsonian Institution's Part in World War II

Subject:
Ethnogeographic Board  Search this
Smithsonian War Committee  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries (SIL)  Search this
Smithsonian Library  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 459-472
Date:
1946
Topic:
Wartime Activities  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
War Committee  Search this
Smithsonian publications  Search this
Public relations  Search this
Public programs  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2996

Smithsonian War Committee Formed

Subject:
Smithsonian War Committee  Search this
Date:
1942
Topic:
Wartime Activities  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_728

SI War Committee, 1941-1944

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 52 of 156
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: General Correspondence, 1925-1949 / Box 52
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0046-refidd1e15933

Discusses his role in World War II, field work in Alaska, and marriage, c. 1930-1960, including: effects of World War II; directorship of the Ethnogeographic Board; work of the Smithsonian War Committee; reminscences of his field work in Alaska, includ...

Collection Creator::
Collins, Henry Bascom, 1899- , interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Restricted. Contact SIHistory@si.edu to request permission.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9528, Henry Bascom Collins Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Henry Bascom Collins Oral History Interviews
Henry Bascom Collins Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9528-refidd1e442
Online Media:

Carl W. Mitman Papers

Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Extent:
1 cu. ft. (2 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1937-1946, 1949
Descriptive Entry:
Almost all of the papers in this collection deal with Carl Weaver Mitman's role as chairman of the Smithsonian War Committee. Loyal B. Aldrich, William N. Fenton, Herbert Friedmann, and Webster P. True also served on the committee. Minutes of the committee's meetings, correspondence and notes document the committee's projects. In addition to the War Committee files, small groups of correspondence and miscellaneous materials on other projects that Mitman was involved in are included in Series 2. There is no material covering the many expositions that Mitman coordinated or his research and curatorial duties. There is only one newspaper clipping relating to the founding of the National Air Museum. Additional information on Mitman's career may be found in Record Units 84, 162, 239, 250 and 297 in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Historical Note:
Carl Weaver Mitman (1889-1958) was born in Newberg, Pennsylvania. He joined the United States National Museum (USNM) in 1914 as an Aid in the Division of Mineral Technology. He was promoted to Curator in the Division of Mechanical Technology in 1919, and served as Curator of the Divisions of Mechanical Technology and Mineral Technology from 1921. He was made Head Curator of the Department of Arts and Industries in 1932. In addition to his responsibilities at the museum, Mitman organized Smithsonian exhibits at fairs and expositions in the United States and abroad. In 1942 he was appointed chairman of the Smithsonian War Committee, and served until 1944. On August 12, 1946, President Truman signed a bill creating the National Air Museum within the Smithsonian Institution. Mitman was relieved of his duties at USNM and was appointed Assistant to the Secretary for the Air Museum on March 7, 1948. He worked on planning the new museum until his retirement in 1952.
Topic:
Mineralogy  Search this
Aeronautical museums  Search this
Mineralogists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7386
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7386

Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945.

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
The Smithsonian War Committee was appointed by Secretary Charles G. Abbot in 1942, to receive suggestions, explore possibilities, and make recommendations as to how the Smithsonian could make its scientific resources available to the military community. The Smithsonian received thousands of requests for war-related information--mostly geographic, but also in the areas of biology, geology, physics, engineering and anthropology. Among other things, the War Committee created a detailed roster of areas of expertise of its scientific staff, maintained a file on sources of photographs, published a series of papers on war-related topics, and co-founded the Ethnogeographic Board. Made up of representatives of the Smithsonian, the National Research Council, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Social Sciences Research Council, the Ethnogeographic Board acted as a clearinghouse for scientific information of use to the armed services. In May 1944, the War Committee felt that it had exhausted all possibilities of involving the Smithsonian in the war, and was dissolved.

These papers include correspondence, recommendations and other materials relating to the projects of the War Committee. There is little material on the War Background Studies series or the Ethnogeographic Board. Interested researchers should consult Record Unit 87 for records of the Ethnogeographic Board.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7386, Series 1
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e243

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e263

Folder 1 Correspondence, 1942-1945. Includes general correspondence of Secretary Charles G. Abbot, John Enos Graf and members of the War Committee. Topics covered include museum tours, specimen collecting by soldiers, project ideas, useful publications...

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e271

Folder 2 Minutes of meetings of the War Committee, April 3, 1942-April 11, 1944

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e283

Folder 3 Reports of the War Committee, contains summaries and reviews of activities

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e295

Folder 4 "A Roster of Personnel, World Travel, and Special Knowledge"

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e307

Folder 5 Memorandum no. 1, April 4, 1942, and response to question 1, arranged alphabetically

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e320

Folder 6 Responses to question 2 of memo no. 1

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e332

Folder 7 Responses to question 3 of memo no. 1

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e344

Folder 8 Responses to question 4 of memo no. 1

Collection Creator::
Mitman, Carl Weaver, 1889-  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7386, Carl W. Mitman Papers
See more items in:
Carl W. Mitman Papers
Carl W. Mitman Papers / Series 1: Smithsonian War Committee, 1942-1945. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7386-refidd1e356

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