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Focuses on NMNH with development of the Arctic Studies Center by William Fitzhugh of NMNH; the Handbook of North American Indians; Dennis Stanford's Paleo-Indian Project; excavations in the Rift Valley of Africa by Richard Potts and Anna Kay Behrensmey...

Collection Creator::
Challinor, David, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9599, David Challinor Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
David Challinor Oral History Interviews
David Challinor Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9599-refidd1e810

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Science  Search this
Extent:
26 cu. ft. (26 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Audiotapes
Date:
1963-1973
Descriptive Entry:
The records are arranged in four alphabetic subject files, overlapping in dates and subject matter. The files were probably segments of one general file which was weeded and separated as records became noncurrent.
Historical Note:
The first person named Assistant Secretary for Science was Thomas Dale Stewart in 1964, although many of the functions of the office had previously been handled by one of the Assistant Secretaries. Sidney Roland Galler was named to the position in 1965, and in 1971 David Challinor became Assistant Secretary for Science.

The Assistant Secretary for Science served as the administrative link between the Secretary and the following Smithsonian bureaus: Center for the Study of Man, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of Natural History, National Zoological Park, Office of Environmental Sciences, Radiation Biology Laboratory, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Research  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 108, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Science, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 108
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0108

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, 1971-1972 (3 folders)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Science  Search this
Container:
Box 9 of 26
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 108, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Science, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: GENERAL SUBJECT FILES, 1966-1972 / Box 9
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0108-refidd1e1745

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Science  Search this
Container:
Box 18 of 26
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 108, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Science, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 5: RECORDS, 1966-1973 / Box 18
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0108-refidd1e2985

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Science  Search this
Extent:
76.5 cu. ft. (153 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Books
Manuscripts
Date:
1963-1978
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of a correspondence register; files on bureaus administered by the office, including reorganization proposals for SSIE, 1972-1973, photographs of the STRI facility at Barro Colorado Island, the Johnson-Sea-Link Accident, 1973, SAC's Multiple Mirror Telescope project, 1975-1976, and the Foreign Currency Program country files, 1972-1978, including the Nepal Tiger Study Project, 1972-1977; general office files, including photographs of recipients of the Edward W. Browning Achievement Award, and participants of the 1972 Galapagos Science Conference, Challinor's appointment books, and organizations concerned with endangered species, flora, and ecology; OIA materials including information on the Sea Level Canal Study, 1970, the Mekong Basin Project, 1972, congressional bills pertaining to endangered species and flora, proposals for rules and regulations by international conservation organizations, scientific research agreements between the United States and foreign countries, and the Foreign Currency Program country files, 1965-1974; Research Awards Program award and program files, and proposals, 1966-1977; newspaper clippings and journal articles; and printed materials.
Historical Note:
These records pertain to the administration of the Assistant Secretary for Science, David Challinor, 1971- .

Bureaus whose actions are documented in these records are the Center for the Study of Man, Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, Fort Pierce Bureau, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of Natural History, National Zoological Park, Office of International Programs, Radiation Biological Laboratory, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE), and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI). These records also document offices that underwent administrative changes during the period 1971-1976, including the Center for Natural Areas, Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, Office of Environmental Programs, Office of Environmental Sciences, Office of International and Environmental Programs, and the Office of Oceanography and Limnology. In addition, there is material concerning the office's involvement with federal and international agencies and private organizations regarding the preservation of endangered species and flora, conservation of the environment, and ecological researches; and the Research Award Program that the office administered.

The pre-1971 material in these records includes that transferred by Challinor and one of his assistants, Michael R. Huxley, from their previous assignment at the Office of International Activities (OIA), where Challinor served as director, 1968-1971, and Huxley served as assistant director, 1970-1971. The remainder of the pre-1971 material was inherited by Challinor from his predecessor, Sidney Rolland Galler.
Topic:
Science museums  Search this
Research  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Books
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 254, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Science, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 254
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0254

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Research  Search this
Extent:
114 cu. ft. (228 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Maps
Manuscripts
Place:
India
Egypt
Brazil
Aldabra Islands (Seychelles)
Date:
circa 1963-1986
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the administration, under David Challinor, of the science bureaus of the Smithsonian Institution, c. 1975-1985. Also included are a few records from 1971-1974 and 1986.

Series 1 consists of records of the offices reporting to the Assistant Secretary for Science, including the Center for the Study of Man and the National Anthropological Film Center, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Biological Studies, the Office of Biological Conservation, the Office of Fellowships and Grants, the National Air and Space Museum, the National Museum of Natural History, the National Zoological Park, the Radiation Biology Laboratory, the Fort Pierce Bureau, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Changes which occurred during the period include the termination of the Office of Biological Conservation and the Research Institute for Immigration and Ethnic Studies, the assignment of the Office of Fellowships and Grants to the Assistant Secretary for Science, the combination of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies and the Radiation Biology Laboratory into the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and the renaming of the Ft. Pierce Bureau as the Marine Station at Link Port. Records pertaining to environmental and other activities in foreign countries have been brought together in this series under the International Environmental Sciences Program and the Environmental Science Program; however, scientists from most of the other bureaus participated in these programs.

Series 2 consists of administrative subject files. Budget and personnel records of the bureaus, particularly 1976, the "Transition Quarter, " and 1977 are particularly well represented, as are collections management and collection inventories. Also found in this series are records dealing with the Endangered Species Scientific Authority, the International Convention Advisory Commission, the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, and the Charles Darwin Research Station.

Due to the volume and the nature of the records, the goal of processing was to bring together many accessions for easier access rather than to perfect the arrangement. Dates and folder titles were used as found and may contain inconsistencies. Certain documents, such as budget, personnel, and records relating to the environmental activities of Smithsonian offices, are like to appear in both series.

Further material on the bureaus, programs, and projects covered in these records can be found in the records of the individual offices and museums which reported to the Assistant Secretary for Science (now Research).
Historical Note:
David Challinor served as Assistant Secretary for Science from 1971 until 1988. In 1985 the name of the position was changed to Assistant Secretary for Research. Ross B. Simons served as Program Manager, 1976-. The period documented in these records was one of expansion of facilities and extensive participation by the Smithsonian in local, national, and international environmental activities. Smithsonian scientists played an active part in the environmental movement through such projects as the study of the Rhode River ecosystem in Maryland, the coral reefs of Albadra in the Indian Ocean, and the soils of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. At the same time, many of the science bureaus embarked on or completed ambitious projects in the museums.

The National Zoo completed the modernization of many of its animal quarters during this time, including the Great Ape House, the Lion-Tiger House, and the Monkey House. Important expansion included the acquisition of land at Front Royal, Virginia, in 1975, which culminated in the completion of the Conservation Research Center in 1983, where the Zoo can conserve and propagate exotic wildlife.

The National Museum of Natural History began the period with the establishment of a twenty-year plan for exhibitions. Projects completed included the Naturalist Center in 1976, the exhibition of a living coral reef in 1980, the Evans Gallery in 1981, and Magnificent Voyagers, concerning the Wilkes Expedition of 1838, in 1985. An on-line inventory of sixty million items in collections was completed in 1983 in connection with the opening of the Museum Support Center in Maryland. Other events included the initiation of the Handbook of North American Indians in 1975, the establishment of the National Anthropological Film Center in 1976, and the 75th anniversary of the museum in 1985.

The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory participated in such joint ventures as the building of the infra-red telescope, and the study of the 6,000 pound Old Woman Meteorite. The Multiple Mirror Telescope was built at Mt. Hopkins, Arizona.

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) enjoyed a period of modernization of facilities and intense use by scientists under the Environmental Sciences Program to measure climatic and biological changes on Barro Colorado Island and obtain baseline data for future studies. The signing of the Panama Canal Treaties in 1977 solidified the position of the Institute.

The National Air and Space Museum (NASM) opened in 1976 and quickly became the most visited museum in the world. By 1984, the 75th millionth visitor had arrived. Projects undertaken by NASM's scientists and historians included the Quetzalcoatlus Project, the Space Telescope History Project, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, and a series on the history of aviation. The annual Frisbee Festival began in 1977 and millions of visitors viewed the popular IMAX movies in the museum.

Other environmental activities included the Nepal Tiger Ecology Project, the Smithsonian Institution Peace Corps Environmental Program, the Coral Reef Symposium, and the Brazil and Amazon Ecosystems Project.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Research  Search this
Museums -- Employees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Maps
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 329, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Research, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 329
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0329

Folder 8 Smithsonian Science Information Exchange

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 364 of 751
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 613, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Administrative Records
See more items in:
Administrative Records
Administrative Records / Series 5: Secretary's Files, 1976 / Box 364
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0613-refidd1e37592

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 539 of 751
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 613, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Administrative Records
See more items in:
Administrative Records
Administrative Records / Series 9: Secretary's Files, 1980 / Box 539
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0613-refidd1e66308

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 658 of 751
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 613, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Administrative Records
See more items in:
Administrative Records
Administrative Records / Series 12: Secretary's Files, 1983 / Box 658
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0613-refidd1e86750

Folder 3 Smithsonian Science Information Exchange

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 25 of 751
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 613, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Administrative Records
See more items in:
Administrative Records
Administrative Records / Series 1: Secretary's Files, 1972 / Box 25
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0613-refidd1e2539

Records

Topic:
Smithsonian scientific series
Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
167.20 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (324 document boxes) (10 microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Maps
Books
Color transparencies
Brochures
Date:
1949-1964
Descriptive Entry:
These records document part of the secretarial administration of Alexander Wetmore and the whole of Leonard Carmichael's tenure. During this period the Smithsonian Institution's capacity to carry out research in its traditional scientific disciplines was substantially strengthened. At the same time the Institution was able to invest much more effort in promoting cultural and artistic activities.

Bureaus and offices which were created or underwent substantial change during this period, and which are represented here, include the United States National Museum; the Museum of Natural History; the Museum of History and Technology; the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the National Cultural Center, now the John F. Kennedy Center; the Bureau of American Ethnology; the National Portrait Gallery; the National Collection of Fine Arts; the National Zoological Park; the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center; and the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Subject headings appearing in these records include: the Arctic Research Laboratory; the Armed Forces Museum and the National Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board; the earth satellite program; the Canal Zone Biological Area, now the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; the Smithsonian's centennial; modernization of Smithsonian exhibits; the Link Foundation; the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum; the National Gallery of Art; the Research Corporation; the Century 21 Exposition, Seattle, 1962; the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange; and the Smithsonian Scientific Series.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Maps
Books
Color transparencies
Brochures
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 50, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 50
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0050

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary  Search this
Extent:
51.69 cu. ft. (102 document boxes) (1 16" x 20" box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Brochures
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1958-1973
Descriptive Entry:
These records are mainly subject files kept by Bradley and Brooks in their capacities as Assistant Secretary and Under Secretary and concern the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, renovation of the Smithsonian Institution Building, the National Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board (NAFMAB), legislation affecting the Smithsonian, National Zoological Park, National Museum Act, personnel, Smithsonian Art Commission, National Portrait Gallery, Museum of History and Technology, budgets, congressional relations, Freer Gallery of Art, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, plans for the Mall, National Air and Space Museum, National Collection of Fine Arts, Museum of Natural History, National Gallery of Art, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Hillwood, regional museums, retirement funds, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, relations with the White House, Folklife Festivals, and the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange. Also included is a speech file of James C. Bradley.
Historical Note:
The Office of Under Secretary was first established in 1971. It is the successor office to that of the Assistant Secretary (Administration), the position held by John L. Keddy from 1947 to 1960.

James C. Bradley came to the Smithsonian in 1959 as Assistant to the Secretary, a newly created position. In 1960, Bradley became one of the two assistant secretaries, and his primary responsibility was general administration. The title was changed in 1971 to Under Secretary. Bradley held the post until his retirement in 1972.

Robert Angus Brooks was Deputy Under Secretary, 1971-1972. On Bradley's retirement, the title of Assistant Secretary was revived and Brooks was appointed to that position. In May of 1973 the title again became Under Secretary and Brooks retained that post.

The Under Secretary is administratively responsible to the Secretary and is the second ranking official in the Institution. He assists the Secretary in formulation of programs, analysis and solution of problems involved in the determination of policies, execution of policy decisions, and maintenance of an effective management and administrative system to support the Institution's programs. The Under Secretary serves as the Secretary's liaison with Congress and various federal and non-federal agencies.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Brochures
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 137, Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 137
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0137

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 84 of 103
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 137, Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 4: Office of the Under Secretary Records, 1972-1973 / Box 84
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0137-refidd1e7649

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, CY 1974

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 23
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 392, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Under Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY, RECORDS, 1972-1974. / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0392-refidd1e1701

SSIE-Smithsonian Science Information Exchange

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 11 of 23
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 392, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Under Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY, RECORDS, 1978-1979, WITH RELATED RECORDS, 1971-1978. / Box 11
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0392-refidd1e3847

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, 1980-1982

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Under Secretary  Search this
Container:
Box 14 of 23
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 392, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Under Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 4: OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY, RECORDS, 1980-1981. / Box 14
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0392-refidd1e5309

Controversy, 1976-1977-1980-1982 [Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE)]

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 372, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Public Affairs, Clippings
See more items in:
Clippings
Clippings / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0372-refidd1e1375

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, 1964-1982

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Container:
Box 19 of 41
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 372, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Public Affairs, Clippings
See more items in:
Clippings
Clippings / Box 19
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0372-refidd1e5841

Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, 1981-1984

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Research.  Search this
Container:
Box 6 of 35
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Box 17 contains materials restricted indefinitely; see finding aid; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 88-140, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Research, Subject Files
See more items in:
Subject Files
Subject Files / Box 6
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa88-140-refidd1e1336

RIF - SSIE (Smithsonian Science Information Exchange)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Public Service  Search this
Container:
Box 27 of 48
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 367, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Public Service, Subject Files
See more items in:
Subject Files
Subject Files / Box 27
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0367-refidd1e5199

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