Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary Search this
167.20 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (324 document boxes) (10 microfilm reels)
These records document part of the secretarial administration of Alexander Wetmore and the whole of Leonard Carmichael's tenure. During this period the Smithsonian
Institution's capacity to carry out research in its traditional scientific disciplines was substantially strengthened. At the same time the Institution was able to invest
much more effort in promoting cultural and artistic activities.
Bureaus and offices which were created or underwent substantial change during this period, and which are represented here, include the United States National Museum; the
Museum of Natural History; the Museum of History and Technology; the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the National Cultural Center, now the John F. Kennedy Center; the
Bureau of American Ethnology; the National Portrait Gallery; the National Collection of Fine Arts; the National Zoological Park; the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center;
and the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Subject headings appearing in these records include: the Arctic Research Laboratory; the Armed Forces Museum
and the National Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board; the earth satellite program; the Canal Zone Biological Area, now the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; the Smithsonian's
centennial; modernization of Smithsonian exhibits; the Link Foundation; the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; the National Air Museum, now the National Air and
Space Museum; the National Gallery of Art; the Research Corporation; the Century 21 Exposition, Seattle, 1962; the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange; and the Smithsonian
13.5 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
This record unit documents the administration and programs of the SOSC during its entire thirty year history. Included is correspondence, memoranda, proposals, and
reports documenting SOSC contracts with agencies of the Federal Government, especially the United States Arctic Research Program of the National Science Foundation and the
National Marine Fisheries Service, United States Department of Commerce; correspondence of SOSC Directors; administrative records, including budget files; annual reports of
the SOSC and the Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center; and correspondence with specialists studying SOSC geological and photograph collections.
The Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center (SOSC) was established in 1962 as a unit of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) reporting to the Assistant Director
for Oceanography. In 1966, administrative responsibility for SOSC was transferred to the newly created Office of Oceanography and Limnology (OLP). OLP was abolished in June
1974, and SOSC again became an administrative unit of NMNH. SOSC was terminated in 1992.
The purpose of SOSC was to assist the international oceanographic effort by processing biological and geological specimens for scientists throughout the world. Other objectives
of SOSC included environmental analyses of biological specimens, and support services for field activities of the Smithsonian and other organizations. Directors of SOSC included
H. Adair Fehlmann, 1962-1973; Betty J. Landrum, 1973-1978; Frank D. Ferrari, 1978-1981; Leslie W. Knapp, 1981-1988; and Ernani G. Menez, 1988-1992.