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Jaguar: Panthera onca

Author:
Emmons, Louise H.  Search this
Editor:
Wilson, Don E.  Search this
Ruff, S.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1999
Citation:
Emmons, Louise H. 1999. "Jaguar: Panthera onca." In The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Wilson, Don E. and Ruff, S., editors. 236–237. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
54510
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_54510

Scheutz Difference Engine

Maker:
Georg and Edvard Scheutz  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (mechanism material)
paper (printout material)
wood (base material)
Measurements:
overall: 56 cm x 170 cm x 58 cm; 22 1/16 in x 66 15/16 in x 22 13/16 in
Object Name:
difference engine
Place made:
Sweden: Stockholm, Stockholm
Date made:
1853
Subject:
Mathematics  Search this
Worlds Fair  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Victor Comptometer Corporation
ID Number:
MA.323659
Catalog number:
323659
Accession number:
250163
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Calculating Machines
Science & Mathematics
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-63cd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_997042
Online Media:

Marchal Landgren Papers

Creator:
Landgren, Marchal E.  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Contemporary Arts (Gallery)  Search this
Joseph Mitchell Gallery  Search this
Municipal Art Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Old Print Shop (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
University of Maryland at College Park  Search this
Washington, D.C.. Public Library  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Cox, George Collins, 1851-1902  Search this
De Laittre, Eleanor, 1911-1998  Search this
Fitch, Clyde, 1865-1909  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Fruhauf, Aline, 1909-1978  Search this
Gallatin, A. E. (Albert Eugene), 1881-1952  Search this
Geist, Sidney  Search this
Gershwin, George, 1898-1937  Search this
Glackens, Ira, 1907-1990  Search this
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Harari, Hananiah, 1912-2000  Search this
Higgins, Eugene, 1874-1958  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Hunt, William Morris, 1824-1879  Search this
Janauschek, Francesca Romana Magdalena, 1830-1904  Search this
Kane, John, 1860-1934  Search this
Kipling, Rudyard, 1865-1936  Search this
Laufman, Sidney, 1891-  Search this
Logasa, Charles, 1883-1936  Search this
Mitchell, Donald Grant, 1822-1908  Search this
Newman, Robert Loftin, 1827-1912  Search this
Orr, Elliot, 1904-1997  Search this
Portinari, Cândido, 1903-1962  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971  Search this
Extent:
15.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Date:
1881-circa 1982
bulk 1930-1975
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Washington, D.C. art historian, librarian, author, educator, and art consultant Marchal Landgren measure 15.3 linear feet and date from 1881 to circa 1982, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1975. Included are biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, professional and organization files, research projects' files, scattered personal business records, printed materials, two clippings scrapbooks, photographical materials, and scattered artwork.

Biographical material includes address cards, an appointment book, curriculum vitaes, genealogical materials, and military records. Correspondence is with artists, clients, colleagues, museums, and universities, and is predominantly professional in nature. Correspondents include Albert E. Gallatin, George Gershwin, Ira Glackens, Sidney Laufman, Elliot Orr, Candido Portinari, and Carl Sprinchorn, among others.

Writings include miscellaneous published and unpublished writings and drafts by Marchal Landgren primarily those not associated with his major research projects. These include various articles written for magazines and journals, manuscript drafts, research notes, and notebooks. There is also a file of writings by others that includes the John Mitchell Gallery Notes.

Professional and organizational files document Landgren's positions and work for educational institutions and arts organizations, including the American Abstract Artists Group, Art Students League of New York, Association of Artists Equity of Washington D. C., Contemporary Arts, D. C. Public Library, Library Journal, New York City Municipal Art Committee, Old Print Shop, Inc., and the University of Maryland, among others. These files also contain correspondence, perhaps the most notable found in the file on the American Abstract Artists Group which includes letters from Josef Albers, Eleanor de Laittre, Sidney Geist, Balcomb Greene, Hananiah Harari, and Harry Holtzman.

Well over one-half of the collection consists of files for Landgren's ongoing research projects on numerous artists and photographers, Latin American art, as well as his bibliographic reference projects. The bulk of the files cover his research, writing, and curatorial work on Robert Loftin Newman. Files are also found for Berenice Abbott, Milton Avery, George Constant, George Collins Cox, Aline Fruhauf, Eugene Higgins, William Morris Hunt, John Kane, Charles Logasa, Elliot Orr, and Albert Pinkham Ryder, among many others.

Personal business records include personal and general expense documentation and scattered exhibition price lists. Printed materials include clippings, exhibition catalogs, and miscellaneous published articles and essays. There are two scrapbooks of clippings.

There are photographs, slides, and negatives of images of Landgren, other artists and notable figures in the art world, and of artwork. Of note is a portrait photograph of Juliana Force by Cecil Beaton, one photograph by Berenice Abbott, "Barclay Street Ferry", and 14 taken by George C. Cox of Rudyard Kipling, Clyde Fitch, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Madame Fanny Janauschek, Donald G. Mitchell, and others.

The papers also include scattered artwork, including holiday cards illustrated by artists, and sketches and drawings by other artists.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 10 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1890-circa 1981 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-circa 1982 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1932-circa 1982 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Professional and Organizational Files, circa 1910-circa 1977 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-6)

Series 5: Research Projects' Files, 1881-circa 1982 (6.9 linear feet; Boxes 6-13, 15)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1934-circa 1982 (0.4 linear feet; Box 13)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1927-circa 1981 (1.0 linear feet; Boxes 13-14)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, circa 1931-circa 1979 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 9: Photographic Materials, circa 1930s-circa 1978 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1940s (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 14-15)
Biographical / Historical:
Marchal E. Landgren (1907-1983) was an art historian, librarian, educator, author, and art consultant, active in New York and Washington, D. C.

As associate director and board member of Contemporary Arts, Inc. in New York, Landgren established a program for providing artists with their first solo exhibition in New York, including those of John Kane and Mark Tobey. In 1932, he directed the exhibition schedule at the New School for Social Research; and in 1935, Landgren served as the director of art activities for the New York City Municipal Art Committee where he facilitated many exhibitions over the course of five years, including Recent Paintings by Boris Aronson at Babcock Galleries in 1938.

Working as a freelance art consultant, researcher, and author, Landgren organized numerous exhibitions between 1932 and 1950 of the work of Milton Avery, George C. Cox, Elliot Orr, Robert Loftin Newman, and Albert Pinkham Ryder. He also edited several arts publications, including the Old Print Shop Portfolio, John Mitchell Gallery Notes, and arts manuscripts for Oxford University Press.

In 1939, Landgren was selected by the New York World's Fair Commision to prepare historical notes on Latin American art for the exhibition catalogs of the Latin American art exhibition. After the Fair, he continued his research on this topic and wrote several articles, as well as lecturing on Latin American painting at the Art Students League of New York, the Newark Art Club, and the National Education Association at the Boston Museum.

After serving in the U. S. Army Air Force during World War II, Landgren moved to Washington, D. C. in 1950 and began work as the arts division readers' advisor for the D. C. Public Library. For seventeen years, he built up the library's general collection of art books and created extensive files of art exhibition catalogs.

In 1967, he took a position as a bibliographic consultant for the fine arts department at the University of Maryland. He became director of the University's art gallery and of the art department museum training program. During his tenure at the University of Maryland, Landgren conducted graduate seminars in art history, edited and published exhibition catalogs, and organized exhibitions, including The Late Landscapes of William Morris Hunt in 1976.

Landgren was a visiting scholar at the Smithsonian Institution's National Collection of Fine Arts and curated an exhibition of paintings by Robert Loftin Newman held there from 1973 to 1974 and at the Tennessee Fine Arts Center in 1974.

Marchal Landgren authored two books: Years of Art: The Story of the Art Students League of New York (Robert M. McBride and Company, 1940), and Robert Loftin Newman (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1974). He was a regular reviewer of art books for the Library Journal from 1958 to 1972, and contributed reviews to Trend, Magazine of Art, and other journals. He was awarded a research grant by the American Council of Learned Societies in 1963 for his study of George C. Cox and did a great deal of research in American art and American art institutions for an unfinished manuscript. He also worked on a bibliography of art literature which he never completed.
Provenance:
The Marchal Landgren papers were donated by Landgren in 1974, and by the Landgren estate via David Huddle in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Librarians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Authors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art historians -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Art consultants -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Drawings
Citation:
Marchal Landgren papers, 1881-circa 1982, bulk 1930-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.landmarc
See more items in:
Marchal Landgren Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw946a644a0-83cc-46a7-8c56-e9c63db0e1b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-landmarc

French Pastries

Artist:
Wayne Thiebaud, American, b. Mesa, Arizona, 1920–2021  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
16 1/8 x 24 1/8in. (41 x 61.3cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1963
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.4909
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Pop Art (American)
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py24c981cb4-11d8-41d5-b64e-21b4abe84796
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.4909

Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 1 Personal Computer

Maker:
Tandy Corporation  Search this
Physical Description:
manufactured (overall production method/technique)
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 29 in x 24 in; 22.86 cm x 73.66 cm x 60.96 cm
Object Name:
microcomputer
Place made:
United States: Texas, Fort Worth
Date made:
1977-1981
Credit Line:
Gift of K.S. Widelitz
ID Number:
1983.0169.01
Catalog number:
1983.0169.01
Accession number:
1983.0169
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Computers & Business Machines
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-b960-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_334337
Online Media:

Puffins, Ringed Pins, and Runestones: The Viking Passage to North America

Author:
Fitzhugh, William W.  Search this
Editor:
Fitzhugh, William W.  Search this
Ward, E. I.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2000
Citation:
Fitzhugh, William W. 2000. "Puffins, Ringed Pins, and Runestones: The Viking Passage to North America." In Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga. Fitzhugh, William W. and Ward, E. I., editors. 11–25. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
101828
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_101828

Anthropology Explored: The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes

Editor:
Selig, Ruth O.  Search this
London, Marilyn R.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1998
Citation:
Selig, Ruth O. and London, Marilyn R., editors. 1998. Anthropology Explored: The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
167215
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_167215

Tipi-Model

Collector:
James Mooney  Search this
Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Object Type:
Tipi Model
Place:
Not Given, Oklahoma, United States, North America
Accession Date:
18 Mar 1904
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
042431
USNM Number:
E245010-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c8c6a6d9-01ab-4483-ada7-86634d4ee396
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8372376
Online Media:

Wars In The West

Author:
Crouch, Tom D.  Search this
Editor:
Kagan, Neil  Search this
Hyslop, Stephen G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2013
Citation:
Crouch, Tom D. 2013. "Wars In The West." In Smithsonian Civil War: Inside the National Collection. Kagan, Neil and Hyslop, Stephen G., editors. 352. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
117352
ISBN:
9781588343895
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_117352

George Washington, (painting)

Painter:
Maurer, Alfred H. 1868-1932  Search this
Subject:
Washington, George  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Portland Art Museum 1219 S. W. Park Avenue Portland Oregon 97205
Date:
1932
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Portrait male--Head  Search this
Control number:
IAP 44260053
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_17670

Battle of Lights, Coney Island, Mardi Gras, (painting)

Painter:
Stella, Joseph 1877-1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Yale University Art Gallery 1111 Chapel Street New Haven Connecticut 06520 Accession Number: 1941.689
Date:
1913-1914
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Landscape--New York--Coney Island  Search this
Ceremony--Festival--Mardi Gras  Search this
Control number:
IAP 07261535
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_38290

In celebration of African American History Month, the program in African American Culture presents "We'll understand it better by and by" : a national conference on African American gospel music scholarship, in tribute to Pearl Williams-Jones : Thursday-Saturday, February 4-6, 1993, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution

Author:
Williams-Jones, Pearl  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson 1942-  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
54 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1993
Topic:
Gospel music--Study and teaching  Search this
Gospel music--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
ML3187 .W44 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_452547

Smithsonian contributions to anthropology

Author:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
v. ill., maps (part fold.) plates. 26-31 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1965
1965-
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Call number:
GN1 .S66
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_50886

Thread bobbins

Author:
Heyer, W. Ronald  Search this
Editor:
Heyer, W. Ronald  Search this
Donnelly, Maureen A.  Search this
McDiarmid, Roy W.  Search this
Hayek, Lee-Ann C.  Search this
Foster, Mercedes S.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1994
Citation:
Heyer, W. Ronald. 1994. "Thread bobbins." In Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians. Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., editors. 153–155. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
97865
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_97865

Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection

Topic:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation
Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Air and Space Museum -- Exhibitions  Search this
Extent:
13.38 Cubic feet (11 legal document boxes, 1 shoe box (5 x 8 inches), 6 records center boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1917-2000
bulk 1981-1986
Summary:
This collection consists of background material collected in support of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" (opened in 1982) and its companion book (published 1983) by curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano, a related symposium, educational materials, and a travelling version of the exhibit. The collection contains photographs and textual materials used in the exhibit and book, internal correspondence and memoranda, and a large amount of material gathered for research purposes but not used in any "Black Wings" production.
Scope and Contents:
The core of the collection covers activities of American Black aviators between 1917 and 1981, from Eugene Bullard's service as a pilot in World War I through the first Black astronauts assigned to the Space Shuttle program in the early 1980s. Curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano and other Museum staff collected and generally grouped materials to fit the four chronological sections of the "Black Wings" exhibit and related book, with a strong emphasis on the stories of individual people.

Headwinds (1917-1939) covers pioneer fliers such as Bullard and Bessie Coleman; Black aviation activities in the Chicago and Los Angeles areas; early aviators and organizers including William J. Powell, Willa Brown, and Cornelius Coffey; and long distance flights by James Herman Banning and Thomas C. Allen, and C. Alfred "Chief" Anderson and Dr. Albert E. Forsythe.

Flight Lines (1939-1945) includes the 1939 flight of Dale L. White and Chauncey E. Spencer to Washington, D.C.; the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPT); the start of training of Black military pilots at Tuskegee Army Air Field during World War II; and training of the all-Black 477th Bombardment Group. This section and the next include U.S. Army Air Force documents and photography, and materials obtained from individual Tuskegee Airmen.

Wings for War (1943-1945) covers the experiences of the men of the 99th Fighter Squadron and later the 322nd Fighter Group, all-Black fighter units which participated in the Allied campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy during World War II, and their commander, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.

Era of Change (1945-1981), including many materials from the U.S. armed forces and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), covers the desegregation of the armed forces; military pilots' participation in the Korean and Vietnam wars (featuring William Earl Brown, Jr.; Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.; Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.); general aviation (John W. Green, Jr.; Neal Loving); commercial aviation (Perry H. Young, Jr.; James O. Plinton, Jr.); and the U.S. space program, including not just the first Black astronauts (Guion S. Bluford, Jr.; Ronald E. McNair; Frederick D. Gregory; Charles F. Bolden) but many other NASA professional men and women from Project Mercury through the beginning of the Space Shuttle era.

Most of the material was photocopied from other sources such as books, newspapers, periodicals, and other archival collections, but many copy photographs and anecdotes were obtained from the aviators themselves (or their families), particularly those active in the 1930s and 1940s. The collection also contains internal Museum documents, notes, and memoranda regarding the development and implementation of the various "Black Wings" productions, including portions of exhibit scripts, book manuscripts, ephemera, and Museum photography taken at the exhibit opening and the symposium. Photographic formats include prints, copy prints, 4 x 5 inch black and white copy negatives and color transparencies, and 35mm copy slides. Quality of the photography is often fair to poor, as the copies are several generations removed from the original images.

The last six boxes of the collection (currently unprocessed) consists of material collected circa 2000 by curator Cathleen S. Lewis and Ian Cook (NASM Department of Space History) for a proposed update to the "Black Wings" exhibit. After it became clear that the exhibit was not going to be updated, Lewis transferred the material to the NASM Aeronautics Department, as Hardesty and Pisano were contemplating an update to the Black Wings book. This, too, failed to materialize, and the material was transferred to the NASM Archives in May 2018 to be added to the existing Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection. This series was received by the Museum's Archives Division after the existing collection material had been scanned; it has not been scanned.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series. The first four roughly chronological series (Exhibit, Book, Educational Outreach, and Symposium) relate to the different "Black Wings" productions, and materials within each series often reflect the four-section groupings detailed in the Scope and Content note. The next series, Research Materials, has four sub-series: Biographical Files (alphabetical by last name), Subject Files and Study Materials (alphabetical by subject), Photographic Negatives, and Photographic Prints and Illustrations. The last series houses later additions to the collection which are currently unprocessed. Materials within folders are predominantly photocopies (xerographs) and often include numerous duplicates, many unlabeled, and in no specific order. Materials relating to an exhibit often include a NASM Exhibits Department reference number (example: SE:13-L73-P58 to P59) indicating the exhibit number (13), label number (L73), and position within the exhibit (P58 to P59). Some materials are not visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
On September 23, 1982, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" opened as part of the existing "Pioneers of Aviation" exhibit located in Gallery 208 of the museum's National Mall Building in Washington, D.C. The exhibit was dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. "Black Wings" encompasses the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both civilian, military, and commercial circles. The exhibit generated much public and media interest, and inspired the Museum to sponsor a symposium on February 25, 1983, entitled "The American Black in Aviation, A Decade of Change: 1939-1949," (working title: "Tuskegee Airmen at War") featuring presentations by historians and U. S. Army Air Forces veterans including Noel F. Parrish (Commander, Tuskegee Army Air Field, 1942-1946), George F. Roberts (Commander, 99th Fighter Squadron, September 1943 to April 1944), and pilots Lewis A. Jackson, Elwood T. Driver, and Louis R. Purnell. In conjunction with the exhibit, the Museum, working with Sid Aaronson Films, Inc., produced a set of sound filmstrip packages designed for elementary and secondary school use. In 1983, the Smithsonian Institution Press published a companion book, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation, authored by the exhibit's curators, Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano; a second edition was issued the following year as part of the Smithsonian History of Aviation and Spaceflight series. A Smithsonian Institution Travelling Exhibition Service (SITES) version of the exhibit began circulating to other museums and venues in June 1983, and a expanded version of the SITES exhibit (featuring additional artifacts, photography, and audio-visual materials) was displayed April 1 to August 5, 1984, at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum (later know as the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum) in Washington, D.C. The original NASM "Black Wings" exhibit—with occasional updates—remained on display in the "Pioneers of Flight" gallery (later renamed the "Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight Gallery") until 2019 when the gallery was closed due to renovations to the Museum's National Mall Building.
Related Materials:
"Black Wings: African American Pioneer Aviators" NASM Website Collection, NASM.2004.0026 [finding aid not available online]
Provenance:
National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Department of Aeronautics, Transfer, 1993, NASM.1993.0060; additional material transferred from NASM Department of Space History, 2018
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
aeronautics, civil  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African American women air pilots  Search this
Women in technology  Search this
Astronauts  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Blacks -- United States  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0060, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0060
See more items in:
Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27c62d0c6-784f-4db6-9a31-26160b8635a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0060
Online Media:

Telegraph Pole, (painting)

Painter:
Stella, Joseph 1877-1946  Search this
Medium:
Gouache
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1917
Topic:
Cityscape  Search this
Architecture exterior--Science--Power Lines  Search this
Control number:
IAP 9C270038
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_357322

Recording Frog Calls

Author:
Heyer, W. Ronald  Search this
Editor:
Heyer, W. Ronald  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1994
Citation:
Heyer, W. Ronald. 1994. "Recording Frog Calls." In Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians. Heyer, W. Ronald, editor. 285–287. Smithsonian Institution Press.
Identifier:
60000
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_60000

Abstraction, (painting)

Painter:
Maurer, Alfred H. 1868-1932  Search this
Medium:
Oil on board
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Bertha Schaefer Gallery New York New York
Date:
Ca. 1919
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Control number:
IAP 84590024
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_428556

Woman Combing Her Hair, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Robus, Hugo 1885-1964  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Corcoran Gallery of Art 500 17th Street, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20006
Topic:
Figure female  Search this
Recreation--Leisure  Search this
Control number:
IAS 75002677
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_5050

Pendant

Maker:
Benin kingdom court style  Search this
Edo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 16.2 × 14 × 5.1 cm (6 3/8 × 5 1/2 × 2 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-16th to mid-17th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Adornment  Search this
weapon  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Nigerian National Commission for Museums and Monuments
Object number:
2-2022-4
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys70b711f25-fc66-4958-9748-de3d2071fe00
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2-2022-4
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