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Richard H. Emmons Papers

Extent:
4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Date:
circa 1954-1998
Descriptive Entry:
Richard H. Emmons (1919-2005), astronomer, engineer, and proponent of astronomy education, taught astronomy and physics at Kent State University and later worked as an engineer for Goodyear Aerospace Corporation. He was well-known for the planetariums he established, over 23 in all. Emmons was also the team leader for the North Canton Moonwatch Team. Moonwatch teams were established around the world by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Moonwatch Division, 1956-1975, to track and photograph artificial satellites. This accession consists of records created and maintained by Emmons documenting his work as an astronomer and an engineer, his participation in Moonwatch, and his research interests. Materials include correspondence and memoranda; theories, calculations, charts, graphs, and notes; images of astronomers, equipment, facilities, and the sky; articles written and co-written by Emmons; newspaper clippings; professional society and astronomy club newsletters; and research and reference materials such as journal articles, manuscripts, predictions, and technical documents. Some research and reference materials pre-date the date span of this accession, but would have been collected during this time period.
Topic:
Astronomers  Search this
Astrophysicists  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Aerospace engineers  Search this
Aerospace engineering  Search this
Astronomy -- Study and teaching  Search this
Planetariums  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Artificial satellites -- Tracking  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-154, Richard H. Emmons Papers
Identifier:
Accession 07-154
See more items in:
Richard H. Emmons Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-154

Richard H. Emmons Papers

Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
circa 1935-1976, 1990-1991, 1995-1996, 2005
Descriptive Entry:
Richard H. Emmons (1919-2005), astronomer, engineer, and proponent of astronomy education, taught astronomy and physics at Kent State University and later worked as an engineer for Goodyear Aerospace Corporation. He was well-known for the planetariums he established, over 23 in all. Emmons was also the team leader for the North Canton Moonwatch Team. Moonwatch teams were established around the world by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Moonwatch Division, 1956-1975, to track and photograph artificial satellites. This accession consists of records created and maintained by Emmons documenting his work as an astronomer and an engineer, his participation in Moonwatch, and his research interests. This accession also documents the creation and dissolution of both the Moonwatch program as well as the North Canton Moonwatch Team. Materials include correspondence, reports, clippings, articles, fact sheets, photographs, lecture notes, announcements, newsletters, calculations, notes, and related materials as well as an autobiography of H. H. Emmons with a postscript written by his son, Richard H. Emmons.
Topic:
Astronomers  Search this
Astrophysicists  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Aerospace engineers  Search this
Aerospace engineering  Search this
Astronomy -- Study and teaching  Search this
Planetariums  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Artificial satellites -- Tracking  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Clippings
Manuscripts
Newsletters
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-112, Richard H. Emmons Papers
Identifier:
Accession 08-112
See more items in:
Richard H. Emmons Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa08-112

Agency history, 1956-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
Spitz, Armand  Search this
Campbell, Leon Jr  Search this
Hirst, William P  Search this
Roth, Herbert E  Search this
Werner, Albert  Search this
Vanderburgh, Richard C  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Volunteer Flight Officer Network  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1956
1956-1975
Topic:
Satellites  Search this
Artificial satellites--Tracking  Search this
International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958  Search this
Telescopes  Search this
Volunteer workers in science  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00175
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_221100

Vioalle Hefferan Papers

Creator::
Hefferan, Vioalle  Search this
Extent:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1943-1974
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the contents of scrapbooks created by Vioalle Hefferan. Hefferan was a teacher and astronomy club advisor at Albuquerque High School as well as the leader of Moonwatch Team #041. The team, based in Albuquerque, New Mexico, was one of the few teams led by a female and most of its members were high school students. Moonwatch teams were established around the world by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Moonwatch Division, 1956-1975, to track and photograph artificial satellites. Materials include letters and cards from students, parents, former students, friends, and family. Materials also include clippings, photographs, certificates, and related materials.
Topic:
Science -- Study and teaching  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
High school students  Search this
Albuquerque (N.M.)  Search this
Albuquerque High School (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Artificial satellites -- Tracking  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 08-048, Vioalle Hefferan Papers
Identifier:
Accession 08-048
See more items in:
Vioalle Hefferan Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa08-048

Moonwatch Director's Outgoing Correspondence, 1968-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
Werner, Albert  Search this
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
Physical description:
0.34 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1968
1968-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00639
See more items in:
Moonwatch Director's Outgoing Correspondence 1968-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219605

Moonwatch General Correspondence, 1957-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Physical description:
0.33 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1957
1957-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00640
See more items in:
Moonwatch General Correspondence 1957-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219608

Moonwatch Station Records, 1956-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Physical description:
12.83 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Date:
1956
1956-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00641
See more items in:
Moonwatch Station Records 1956-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219612

Moonwatch Administrative Subject Files, 1956-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Physical description:
3.00 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Newsletters
Maps
Date:
1956
1956-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00642
See more items in:
Moonwatch Administrative Subject Files 1956-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219615

Moonwatch Project Records, 1962-1973

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
"Prognoz" (Spacecraft)  Search this
Physical description:
0.84 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1962
1962-1973
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Satellites  Search this
Sputnik satellites  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00643
See more items in:
Moonwatch Project Records 1962-1973 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219618

Volunteer Flight Officer Network Correspondence, 1966-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
Werner, Albert  Search this
Hirst, William P  Search this
Roth, Herbert E  Search this
Physical description:
0.33 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1966
1966-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00644
See more items in:
Volunteer Flight Officer Network Correspondence 1966-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219621

Volunteer Flight Officer Network Airline Records, 1963-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
Roth, Herbert E  Search this
United Air Lines, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
2.83 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1963
1963-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00645
See more items in:
Volunteer Flight Officer Network Airline Records 1963-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219627

Volunteer Flight Officer Network Administrative Subject Files, 1963-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1963
1963-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00646
See more items in:
Volunteer Flight Officer Network Administrative Subject Files 1963-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219631

Newsletters and Bulletins, 1956-1975

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Physical description:
2 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Newsletters
Date:
1956
1956-1975
Topic:
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00647
Restrictions & Rights:
Non-circulating record set of publicatrions Permanently closed
Unrestricted reference set of publications Open
See more items in:
Newsletters and Bulletins 1956-1975 [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219633

Slides, Tapes, and Films, 1959, 1966 and undated

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division  Search this
Subject:
"Prognoz" (Spacecraft)  Search this
Physical description:
1 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Color transparencies
Audiotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1959
1959-1966
1959, 1966 and undated
Topic:
Satellites  Search this
Research institutes  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Sputnik satellites  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00648
See more items in:
Slides, Tapes, and Films 1959, 1966 and undated [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Moonwatch Division]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_219635

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Extent:
24 cu. ft. (24 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Black-and-white transparencies
Date:
1956-1975
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These records document the history of the Moonwatch Division and the volunteer Flight Officer Network. They include the outgoing correspondence of Albert Werner, 1968-1975; general correspondence of the Moonwatch Division, 1957-1975; Moonwatch station files, 1956-1975, including correspondence and other data from American and foreign Moonwatch teams; Moonwatch administrative files, 1956-1975; Moonwatch project files, 1962-1973, including correspondence and reports on various comets, satellites, and other projects assigned to Moonwatch to track; the incoming and outgoing correspondence of Herbert E. Roth, 1966-1975; general correspondence of the VFON, 1969-1975; VFON airline files, 1963-1975, containing correspondence and sighting reports from member airlines; VFON administrative files, 1963-1975; Moonwatch and VFON newsletters and bulletins, 1956-1975; and a small number of slides, tapes, and movies.
Historical Note:
The Moonwatch Division of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory was created in 1956 as part of the Satellite Tracking Program established to track and photograph the artificial earth satellites to be launched during the International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958. The surprise launch of Sputnik in 1957 generated much enthusiasm for the satellite program. Amateur astronomers, often supported by local businesses and schools, formed groups of volunteers who manned rows of telescopes searching for satellites. The Moonwatch Division directed and instructed the observers, loaned them equipment, and tabulated the data collected. Scientists were named in other parts of the world to help establish Moonwatch teams in many foreign countries. Gradually many "teams" came to be composed of a single observer, highly skilled in satellite tracking and often affiliated with a local observatory or university. Until its termination in 1975, the Moonwatch Division coordinated this network of volunteers and amassed a total of nearly 400,000 observations of satellites. Directors of the Division included Armand N. Spitz, 1956-1957; Leon Campbell, Jr., 1957-1962; Richard C. Vanderburgh, 1962-1964; William P. Hirst, 1964-1968; and Albert Werner, 1968-1975.

The Volunteer Flight Officer Network (VFON) was established in 1963 by Denver Moonwatch team leader Herbert E. Roth to collect eyewitness reports of satellites and meteor sightings from airline pilots and other flight personnel. Roth was employed by United Air Lines, which agreed to support the project by providing printing and mailing funds. In 1965 the VFON became affiliated with Moonwatch, which advised Roth and assumed a part of the mailing expenses. In 1969 Moonwatch assumed complete administrative control of the VFON under a contract with the United States Air Force. Before its termination in 1975, the VFON had grown to include the employees of 118 airlines in 57 countries and had collected approximately 4200 observations. Roth was its sole director.
Topic:
International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958  Search this
Astrophysical observatories  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Audiotapes
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Black-and-white transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 255
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0255

SUFOI: Skandinavisk UFO Information, 1965-1973.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Container:
Box 21 of 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 8: VFON AIRLINE FILES, 1963-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 21
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0255-refidd1e10003

South African Airways, 1967, 1969, 1972-1975.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Container:
Box 21 of 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 8: VFON AIRLINE FILES, 1963-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 21
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0255-refidd1e10015

Sterling Airways, 1966-1971, 1973-1974.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Container:
Box 21 of 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 8: VFON AIRLINE FILES, 1963-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 21
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0255-refidd1e10026

Sudan Airways, 1966-1968.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Container:
Box 21 of 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 8: VFON AIRLINE FILES, 1963-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 21
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0255-refidd1e10037

Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1956-1964.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 255, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Moonwatch Division, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 3: MOONWATCH STATION FILES, 1956-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0255-refidd1e1004

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