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Oral history interview with Jackie Ferrara

Interviewee:
Ferrara, Jackie  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis  Search this
Creator:
United States. General Services Administration. Design Excellence and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
Michigan State University -- Students  Search this
United States. General Services Administration. Design Excellence and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Wayne State University -- Students  Search this
Addams, Charles, 1912-1988  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Beauchamp, Robert, 1923-  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
DeLap, Tony, 1927-2019  Search this
Eisenhauer, Lette  Search this
Ferrara, Don  Search this
Forst, Miles, 1923-  Search this
Frank, Mary, 1933-  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Gallo, Frank, 1933-  Search this
Graves, Nancy Stevenson, 1940-1995  Search this
Gross, Sally  Search this
Hesse, Eva, 1936-1970  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-1994  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Marcus, Marcia, 1928-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Protetch, Max  Search this
Rockburne, Dorothea  Search this
Rosenquist, James, 1933-  Search this
Samaras, Lucas, 1936-  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (Sound recording: 3 sound files (5 hr., 12 min.), digital, WMA files)
115 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2009 January 16-February 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jackie Ferrara conducted 2009 January 16-February 13, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art's U.S. General Services Administration, Design Excellence and the Arts oral history project, at the Ferrara's home, in New York, New York.
Ferrara speaks of growing up in Detroit, Michigan; her early interest in mathematics and its ever present role in her work; attending Michigan State University for one year; taking fashion drawing classes at Wayne State University and her supposed lack of drawing skills; an early interest in pottery and leather making; moving to New York City in 1951 on a night train from Detroit; working at the Henry Street Playhouse and its influential role on her art; her relationship with Robert Beauchamp and her friendship with many artists in Provincetown, Massachusetts; early works, including the cotton batting works and the rope works, most of which were destroyed; her dislike of traveling and her use of imagination for inspiration; participating in the performances and happenings of Claes Oldenburg; her friendship with Robert Smithson and his influence on her later works; working with Max Protetch; never teaching art because she herself did not attend art school; her creation process of her wood and stone pieces, including their conception in early drawings; having a positive attitude towards her pieces being rebuilt because of decay; quickly moving into public art in the late 1970s, early 1980s; living and working in the same loft in New York for over 40 years; the helpful role the women's movement played in her successful career though she did not participate; receiving art grants to enable her to work for a year or two without having to find an odd job to support herself; various public art projects around the country, how they came to be, creating the works and their significance to her. Ferrara also recalls Charlotte Tokayer, Don Ferrara, Alvin Nikolai, Richard Bellamy, Mary and Paul Frank, Miles and Barbara Forst, Sally Gross, Hans Hofmann, Robert Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler, Nat Halprin, Lucas Samara, Letty Lou Eisenhauer, James Rosenquist, Marcia Marcus, Charles Addams, Eva Hesse, Frank Gallo, Tony DeLap, Dorothea Rockburne, Time Doyle, Sol LeWitt, Donald Judd, Carl Andre, Nancy Graves, Marty Greenbaum, Abe Sachs, Mel Bochner, Jan Groover, Alice Aycock, Alice Adams, Jackie Windsor, Scott Burton, Siah Armajani, Michelle Stuart, Lucy Lippard, Zaha Hadid, Max Hutcinson, Andrea Blum, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Jackie Ferrara (1929- ) is a sculptor. Ferrara works with the built environment in her designs for courtyards and architectural structures.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Audio: ACCESS RESTRICTED; Use requires written permission.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.ferrar09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9efd0b315-7933-452d-945c-e6f5dc917f90
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ferrar09
Online Media:

Drawing for "Gyrostasis"

Artist:
Robert Smithson, American, b. Passaic, New Jersey, 1938–1973  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
9 9/16 x 14 in. (24.3 x 35.5 cm) [irreg.]
Type:
Drawing
Date:
(1968)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of the Estate of Robert Smithson, 1991
Accession Number:
91.54
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
American Post-Minimal Sculpture
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2a6e74b10-5b42-4e0c-a48f-4f941cad1f0a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_91.54

Robin Forbes slides of SoHo

Creator:
Forbes, Robin  Search this
Names:
Bihan, Margery  Search this
Castoro, Rosemarie  Search this
Marisol, 1930-2016  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-2018  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
SoHo (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1975 - 1976
Summary:
The Robin Forbes Slides of SoHo collection measures 0.4 linear feet and consists entirely of 35mm color slides of the SoHo District of New York City, taken between 1975-1976. Depicted are street scenes of Spring Street, Prince Street, West Broadway, and other streets in SoHo; SoHo faces taken on West Broadway; businesses including the Spring Street Bar, the OH HO SO bar, Fanelli's Bar, Parocelso, The Cheese Store, Clockmaker/Miso, and the SoHo Weekly News staff; gallery installations, including Robert Morris and Robert Smithson exhibitions; artists working in SoHo studios including Margery Bihan, Rosemarie Castoro, Marisol, and unknown artists, and dance performances and poetry readings.
Scope and Contents:
The Robin Forbes Slides of SoHo collection measures 0.4 linear feet and consists entirely of 35mm color slides of the SoHo District of New York City, taken between 1975-1976. Depicted are street scenes of Spring Street, Prince Street, West Broadway, and other streets in SoHo; SoHo faces taken on West Broadway; businesses including the Spring Street Bar, the OH HO SO bar, Fanelli's Bar, Parocelso, The Cheese Store, Clockmaker/Miso, and the SoHo Weekly News staff; gallery installations, including Robert Morris and Robert Smithson exhibitions; artists working in SoHo studios including Margery Bihan, Rosemarie Castoro, Marisol, and unknown artists, and dance performances and poetry readings.
Arrangement:
Due to its small size, this collection has been arranged into one series. Box numbers in the finding aid container listing represent archival slide storage containers housed in one larger box. Within each new container, groupings of slides are titled and arranged according to the handwritten labels found on the original slide boxes. These groupings are listed as folders in the finding aid.

Series 1: Slides of SoHo, 1975-1976 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Robin Forbes (d. 1982) was a photographer working in the SoHo district of New York City in the mid-1970s. He captured numerous images of street scenes, artists, studios, exhibition installations, lofts, people, performances, and businesses of the era.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1988 by the estate of Robin Forbes via executor Jerremiah O. Bragstad.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Genre/Form:
Slides
Citation:
Robin Forbes slides of SoHo, 1975-1976, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.forbrobi
See more items in:
Robin Forbes slides of SoHo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92dfce3ac-d9d0-43b7-9c35-97d0a84c8d53
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-forbrobi
Online Media:

Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987

Creator:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Subject:
Insley, Will  Search this
Holt, Nancy  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Moving images
Documentary films
Citation:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women filmmakers  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7105
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209239
AAA_collcode_smitrobe
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209239
Online Media:

Artists' Gallery records, 1929-1967

Creator:
Artists' Gallery (New York, N.Y)  Search this
Subject:
Albers, Josef  Search this
Altoon, John  Search this
Baizerman, Eugenie  Search this
Baizerman, Saul  Search this
Barrer-Russell, Gertrude  Search this
Beer-Monti, Federica  Search this
Bowden, Harry  Search this
Chafetz, Sidney  Search this
Feldman, Walter  Search this
Fromboluti, Sideo  Search this
Giobbi, Edward  Search this
Golub, Leon  Search this
Grillo, John  Search this
Johnson, Lester  Search this
Kaldis, Aristodimos  Search this
Kruger, Louise  Search this
Leepa, Allen  Search this
Loberg, Robert Warren  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Margules, De Hirsh  Search this
Meert, Joseph  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Stix, Hugh  Search this
Tofel, Jennings  Search this
Weissauer, Rudolf  Search this
Citation:
Artists' Gallery records, 1929-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- United States -- Exhibitions  Search this
Theme:
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Art organizations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9555
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211755
AAA_collcode_artigall
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Art organizations
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211755
Online Media:

Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester [microfilm], 1960-1963

Creator:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Subject:
Lester, George B.  Search this
George Lester Gallery (Rome, Italy)  Search this
Citation:
Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester [microfilm], 1960-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10490
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213914
AAA_collcode_smitrobe2
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213914

The International style in perspective : sound recordings, 1980 Apr. 16-17

Creator:
Harvard University. Graduate School of Design  Search this
Subject:
Beeby, Thomas H.  Search this
Drexler, Arthur  Search this
Eisenman, Peter  Search this
Forster, Kurt Walter  Search this
Handlin, David P.  Search this
Hewitt, William E.  Search this
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell  Search this
Levine, Neil  Search this
McCue, Gerald M.  Search this
Meier, Richard  Search this
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Rudolph, Paul  Search this
Rykwert, Joseph  Search this
Searing, Helen  Search this
Sekler, Eduard F. (Eduard Franz)  Search this
Smithson, Peter  Search this
Stern, Robert A. M.  Search this
Zevi, Bruno  Search this
Bletter, Rosemarie Haag  Search this
Cobb, Henry Nichols  Search this
Colquhoun, Alan  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Citation:
The International style in perspective : sound recordings, 1980 Apr. 16-17. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Architecture, Modern  Search this
International style (Architecture)  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Art instruction and services  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10696
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214297
AAA_collcode_harvuniv
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Art instruction and services
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214297

Robin Forbes slides of SoHo, 1975 - 1976

Creator:
Forbes, Robin  Search this
Subject:
Bihan, Margery  Search this
Marisol  Search this
Castoro, Rosemarie  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Type:
Slides
Place:
SoHo (New York, N.Y.)
Citation:
Robin Forbes slides of SoHo, 1975 - 1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10984
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214854
AAA_collcode_forbrobi
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214854
Online Media:

Robert Smithson interview, 1968

Creator:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Robbin, Tony, 1943-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Robert Smithson interview, 1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Environmental artists -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11008
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214949
AAA_collcode_smitrobe3
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214949

Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971

Creator:
Dwan, Virginia, 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Parker, Raymond  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Weber, John  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de  Search this
Kienholz, Edward  Search this
Mitchell, Joan  Search this
Klein, Yves  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Raysse, Martial  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Arman  Search this
Arakawa, Shusaku  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Anastasi, William  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- New York (State) -- New York -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art -- California -- Los Angeles -- Exhibitions  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Art Market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6056
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216037
AAA_collcode_dwangall
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216037
Online Media:

James Cohan Gallery records relating to Robert Smithson, circa 1960s-2016, bulk 1998-2014

Creator:
James Cohan Gallery  Search this
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Subject:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Holt, Nancy  Search this
Alloway, Lawrence  Search this
Citation:
James Cohan Gallery records relating to Robert Smithson, circa 1960s-2016, bulk 1998-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Theme:
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Art Market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)22072
AAA_collcode_jamecoha
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_22072

Artists' Gallery records

Creator:
Artists' Gallery (New York, N.Y)  Search this
Names:
Albers, Josef  Search this
Altoon, John, 1925-  Search this
Baizerman, Eugenie, 1899-1949  Search this
Baizerman, Saul, 1889-1957  Search this
Barrer-Russell, Gertrude  Search this
Beer-Monti, Federica, b. 1876  Search this
Bowden, Harry, 1907-1965  Search this
Chafetz, Sidney  Search this
Feldman, Walter, 1925-2017  Search this
Fromboluti, Sideo, 1921-  Search this
Giobbi, Edward  Search this
Golub, Leon, 1922-2004  Search this
Grillo, John, 1917-  Search this
Johnson, Lester, 1919-2010  Search this
Kaldis, Aristodimos, 1899-1979  Search this
Kruger, Louise, 1924-  Search this
Leepa, Allen, 1919-2009  Search this
Loberg, Robert Warren, 1927-1999  Search this
Margo, Boris, 1902-1995  Search this
Margules, De Hirsh, 1899-1965  Search this
Meert, Joseph, 1905-1989  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Stix, Hugh  Search this
Tofel, Jennings, 1891-1959  Search this
Weissauer, Rudolf, 1924-  Search this
Extent:
6.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1929-1967
Summary:
The Artists' Gallery records measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1929 to 1967. The collection sheds light on the gallery's operations through adminstrative records, artist files, exhibition files, and printed material.
Scope and Contents:
The Artists' Gallery records measure 6.6 linear feet and date from 1929 to 1967. The collection sheds light on the gallery's operations through adminstrative records, artist files, exhibition files, and printed material.

Administrative records include correspondence, gallery daybooks, inventories, meeting minutes of the gallery's board of directors, and two essay drafts; financial records consist of accounting books, sales records, receipts, invoices, payments, and a ledger; and museum and gallery files include papers and correspondence related to exhibitions, loans of artwork, and shipments of artwork. Several photographs of staff, artists, and the gallery interior are found here as well.

Artist files include biographical information and correspondence between artists, Federica Beer-Monti, and Hugh Stix concerning exhibitions, artwork shipments, prices, and some personal matters. Some files also include photographs, exhibition catalogs and announcements, newspaper clippings, artist books, and price lists.

Exhibition files include price lists, correspondence, drafts of publicity material, visitor guestbooks, and lists of exhibitions and exhibiting artists. Printed material includes Artists' Gallery's brochures, flyers, and other mailings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, as well as gallery scrapbooks comprised of exhibition ephemera, newspaper clippings, and some photographs; an essay published by gallery founder Hugh Stix; exhibition material, newsletters, and miscellaneous publications from other museums and galleries; and books on artists Henri Gaudier and Beauford Delaney.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1936-1965 (Box 1-2, 7; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1929-1967, bulk 1936-1962 (Box 2-4, 7-8; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, 1936-1962 (Box 4, 7, OV 9; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1931-1967 (Box 5-7; 2.1 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
The Artists' Gallery was established by Hugh Stix in 1936 in New York City. The goal of this non-profit gallery was to provide unknown or little-known artists a space to exhibit their work to gain public notoriety or be taken up by a commercial gallery. Stix hired Federica Beer-Monti, an Austrian socialite who was friends and acquaintances with many European artists, as director of the gallery. The painters and sculptors exhibited by the Artists' Gallery were voted on and selected by a rotating committee. Exhibitions were given without charge to the artist, and artists received the entire sale price of their work if sold. Some notable artists who exhibited at the Artists' Gallery included Josef Albers, Saul and Eugenie Baizerman, Byron Browne, Louis Eilshemius, Ben-Zion, Aristodemos Kaldis, De Hirsh Margules, and Hans Boehler. The gallery discontinued operations in the summer of 1962.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming on reel N737. Included are six letters, 1938-1939, from artist Louis M. Eilshemius to gallery director Federica Beer-Monti. Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Artists' Gallery records were donated and lent for microfilming in several installments from 1967 to 1998. Material on reels D313 and 79 were donated from 1967 to 1968 by Federica Beer-Monti; and she lent the Louis M. Eilshemius letters on reel N737 in 1968. The unmicrofilmed portion was donated in 1974 by Beer-Monti's niece, Greta Shapiro, who also lent the logbooks on reel 1042 for microfilming in 1976. In 1998, Shapiro's widower, Aaron, donated the material lent on reel 1042.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Topic:
Art -- United States -- Exhibitions  Search this
Function:
Art galleries -- New York (State) -- New York
Citation:
Artists' Gallery Records, 1929-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.artigall
See more items in:
Artists' Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw950d5668a-2076-4aaa-9769-3b5e9bbb7093
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-artigall

Smithson, Robert

Collection Creator:
Artists' Gallery (New York, N.Y)  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 54
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1959, 1962
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Artists' Gallery Records, 1929-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Artists' Gallery records
Artists' Gallery records / Series 2: Artist Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9072595f7-3628-4158-b5a0-f85ebefdd9b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-artigall-ref157

Dwan Gallery records

Creator:
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Anastasi, William, 1933-  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Arakawa, Shusaku, 1936-  Search this
Arman, 1928-2005  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Klein, Yves, 1928-1962  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Mitchell, Joan, 1926-1992  Search this
Morris, Robert, 1931-2018  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Parker, Raymond, 1922-  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Raysse, Martial, 1936-  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-  Search this
Saint-Phalle, Niki de, 1930-  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore, 1919-2007  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth, 1927-2016  Search this
Weber, John, 1932-2008  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1959-circa 1982
bulk 1959-1971
Summary:
The Dwan Gallery records measure 2.3 linear feet and consist primarily of files of exhibitions curated by Virginia Dwan at Dwan Galleries in Los Angeles (1959-1967) and New York (1965-1971). Found within this nearly comprehensive set of exhibition files may be lists of exhibited works, price lists, photographs, slides or color transparencies of installations, invitations, full-size posters, magazine and newspaper clippings and exhibition catalogs.
Scope and Contents:
The Dwan Gallery records measure 2.3 linear feet and consist primarily of files of exhibitions curated by Virginia Dwan at Dwan Galleries in Los Angeles (1959-1967) and New York (1965-1971). Found within this nearly comprehensive set of exhibition files may be lists of exhibited works, price lists, photographs, slides or color transparencies of installations, invitations, full-size posters, magazine and newspaper clippings and exhibition catalogs.

Artists that held exhibitions at the Dwan Gallery in New York and Los Angeles include: Robert Goodnough, Robert Richenburg, Larry Rivers, Philip Guston, Yves Klein, Salvatore Scarpitta, Arakawa, Martial Raysse, Ad Reinhardt, Arman, Franz Kline, Edward Kienholz, Claes Oldenburg, Niki de Sainte Phalle, Joan Mitchell, Robert Rauschenberg, Robert Morris, Dan Flavin, Raymond Parker, Kenneth Snelson, Carl Andre, Sol LeWitt, Robert Smithson, and Anastasi. Also, the exhibition files are nearly comprehensive and include: Language to be Looked at and/or Things to be Read annual series (1967-1970), Boxes (1964), Earth Works (1968), My Country 'tis of Thee (1962) and 10 (1967 and 1968). Many of the multiple artist shows were created and organized by gallery director John Weber and/or Virginia Dwan. Many of these exhibition files include full-sized posters and panoramic photos showing installations.

Also found are records created by a consulting firm hired by the Dwan Gallery to inventory the exhibition files prior to donation to the Archives of American Art. These guides appear at the beginning of each series and outline a chronology of exhibitions held at each branch.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Los Angeles Exhibition Files, 1959-1967, after 1981 (Box 1-2, 5, OV6, OV8; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 2: New York Exhibition Files, 1965-1971, after 1982 (Box 2-4, OV7; 1.0 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
In 1959, Virginia Dwan opened her first gallery on 1091 Broxton Avenue in the Westwood Village neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. Her independent wealth allowed her to open a gallery without worrying about business and sales. Three years after opening, the Dwan Gallery moved into a new Westwood Village space especially designed to express the gallery's contemporary aesthetic. In 1965, Virginia Dwan moved to New York City and founded an east coast branch of the Dwan Gallery at 29 West 57th Street.

Early exhibitions at the Dwan Gallery showed Abstract Expressionist artists and works of art from New York which Dwan consigned from other galleries. After traveling to New York and France, Virginia Dwan's interests and tastes manifested in exhibitions by 1961 with Yves Klein. Through Klein, Dwan made connections to other Nouveaux Réalistes artists that the gallery featured in solo and group shows. Later exhibitions featured Land and Minimilist artists. Dwan recognized that many of her shows were not considered salable but continued to show the avant-garde. She saw the gallery as an opportunity to expose the public to different styles of art.

Virginia Dwan maintained a close and personal relationship with many of her artists. She allowed large stipends to gallery artists and invited them to spend time at her home in Malibu, California. When working with artists concentrating on found objects, Dwan would accompany them on scavenger hunts and shopping trips. In the case of Robert Smithson and other Land Art artists, she traveled to offsite locations to visit works of art in progress. Dwan relied on her longtime gallery director, John Weber to interact with collectors as she preferred to maintain her connection with the artists.

The Dwan Gallery Los Angeles closed in mid-1967 but the New York branch remained open. By 1971, Virginia Dwan felt pressure to support her thirteen artists through a period of economic insecurity. She decided to close the gallery secretly and only informed her artists at the last minute. The final exhibition at Dwan Gallery New York closed in June of 1971.
Related Materials:
Also found within the Archives of American Art is an interview with Virginia Dwan conducted March 21 through June 1, 1984 by Charles Stuckey.
Separated Materials:
Dwan Gallery exhibition catalogs that were donated to the Archives in 1989 were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution American Art and National Portrait Gallery Library.

Bard College's Center for Curatorial Studies and Art in Contemporary Culture holds Dwan Gallery materials related to exhibitions in the Library and Archives.
Provenance:
The Dwan Gallery records were donated in 1996 by Virginia Dwan, the former owner of the gallery.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art -- New York (State) -- New York -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art -- California -- Los Angeles -- Exhibitions  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Minimal art  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Dwan Gallery records, 1959-circa 1982, bulk 1959-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dwangall
See more items in:
Dwan Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94e337be1-1336-40b7-a8a2-03c8589bab03
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwangall
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Virginia Dwan

Interviewee:
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Interviewer:
Stuckey, Charles F.  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Arman, 1928-2005  Search this
De Maria, Walter, 1935-2013  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Heizer, Michael, 1944-  Search this
Kienholz, Edward, 1927-  Search this
Klein, Yves, 1928-1962  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Ryman, Robert, 1930-2019  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Snelson, Kenneth, 1927-2016  Search this
Tinguely, Jean, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
192 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1984 March 21-June 7
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Virginia Dwan conducted 1984 March 21-June 7, by Charles F. Stuckey, for the Archives of American Art.
Dwan speaks of her background and education; her early interest in art; starting her gallery in 1959 in Los Angeles; the early days of her gallery; the development of her circle of artists; early shows; financing the gallery; "shopping" for art and artists; public and critical reaction to her gallery's shows; the decision to go to New York, and getting established there; making decisions about what to show; collectors; the closing of the Dwan Gallery; and her life since. She also relates anecdotes about the creation and execution of Robert Smithson's "Spiral Jetty" and reminisces about numerous artists with whom she was associated, including: Jean Tinguely, Robert Rauschenberg, Yves Klein, Ad Reinhardt, Ed Kienholz, Philip Guston, Arman, Robert Smithson, Franz Kline, Kenneth Snelson, Carl Andre, Sol Lewitt, Michael Heizer, Walter De Maria, and Robert Ryman.
Biographical / Historical:
Virginia Dwan (1931- ) is an art dealer from New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 10 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 19 digital wav file. Duration is 11 hr., 20 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for the purposes of publication requires written permission from Anne Kovach. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.dwan84
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9165fee55-bbae-4357-8563-cb11f920e998
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dwan84

Oral history interview with Larry Aldrich, 1972 April 25-June 10

Interviewee:
Aldrich, Larry, 1906-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Subject:
Antonakos, Stephen  Search this
Baker, Richard Brown  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr.  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Hopkins, Budd  Search this
Indiana, Robert  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Lieberman, William Slattery  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning  Search this
Myers, John Bernard  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Larry Aldrich, 1972 April 25-June 10. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12596
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216586
AAA_collcode_aldric72
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216586
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Larry Aldrich

Interviewee:
Aldrich, Larry  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen, 1926-2013  Search this
Baker, Richard Brown  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Hopkins, Budd, 1931-2011  Search this
Indiana, Robert, 1928-  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Lieberman, William Slattery, 1924-  Search this
Miller, Dorothy Canning, 1904-2003  Search this
Myers, John Bernard  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Extent:
9 Sound tape reels (Sound recording, 5 in.)
385 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1972 April 25-June 10
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Larry Aldrich conducted 1972 April 25-June 10, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art. Aldrich speaks of his acquisitions and his program for selling art at Christmas and praises William S. Lieberman as "the curator of collectors". He discusses funds given to museums by the Larry Aldrich Foundation; visits to artists' studios; exhibiting a portion of his collection for the first time at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond, Virginia, exhibitions at the Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art; Robert Indiana's "Love Series"; and modern movements including "Lyrical Abstraction" and "Cool Art." He recalls Stephen Antonakos, Richard Brown Baker, Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Leo Castelli, Grace Hartigan, Budd Hopkins, Jasper Johns, John Myers, Dorothy Miller, Robert Rauschenberg, Frank Stella, Robert Smithson, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Larry Aldrich (1906-2001) was an art collector from New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 9 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 18 digital wav files. Duration is 17 hrs., 11 minutes.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.aldric72
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ec7e519e-a013-41aa-9add-fe37fd60dcc7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-aldric72
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Robert Smithson, 1972 July 14-19

Interviewee:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Subject:
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Robert Smithson, 1972 July 14-19. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12013
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212421
AAA_collcode_smiths72
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212421
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Barbara Novak, 2013 October 8-17

Interviewee:
Novak, Barbara, 1929-  Search this
Interviewer:
McElhinney, James, 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Aaron, Dan  Search this
Bochner, Mel  Search this
Bosa, Louis  Search this
Coremans, Paul B.  Search this
Davis, Meredith (Meredith J)  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Feldman, Morton  Search this
Ferber, Linda S.  Search this
Goetzmann, William  Search this
Hayes, Bartlett H.  Search this
Held, Julius Samuel  Search this
Hesse, Eva  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hutchinson, Peter A.  Search this
Icahn, Belle  Search this
Karolik, Maxim  Search this
Kaufman, William  Search this
Krasner, Lee  Search this
Lane, Fitz Henry  Search this
Lawrence, Marion  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
McCoy, Ann Wyeth  Search this
Melkoff, Edward  Search this
Nevins, Kate Lockwood  Search this
O'Doherty, Brian  Search this
Presser, Josef  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Reff, Theodore  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Rowland, Ben  Search this
Scharf, William  Search this
Shapiro, Marge  Search this
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Watts, Marissa  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Barnard College  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Utah -- Description and travel
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Barbara Novak, 2013 October 8-17. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Luminism (Art)  Search this
Pragmatism  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16149
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366142
AAA_collcode_novak13
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_366142
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Robert Smithson

Interviewee:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Extent:
59 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1972 July 14-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Robert Smithson conducted 1972 July 14-19, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art at 799 Greenwich Street in New York on July 14 and 19 1972. Smithson speaks of growing up in Passaic, New Jersey; primary and high school; high school art education; going to New York Museums; writing and its impact on art work; the Artists Gallery; the Art Students League; his time in the army; the Cedar Bar; Quicksand; the Museum of Modern Art; art education; Sam Smithson; his father; traveling the U.S.; Brooklyn Museum School; impact of the Museum of Natural History; moving to New York; visiting Europe; psychology; show at the George Lester Gallery; the Broken Circle; Dallas-Fort Worth Airport; crystalline structures; meeting William Carlos Williams; cosmology; Enantiomorphic Chambers; mapping; painting and drawing; the Dwan Gallery; getting married; Aerial Art; earthworks; sculpture; the Cryosphere; Alogon; Rome; stratas; nonsites; When Attitudes Become Form; Attitudes; mining sites and quarries; light and reflection; the Spiral Jetty; coordination of large works; documentation; selection of sites; Gyrostasis; weather's impact and seasonal change of the Spiral Jetty; confines of the gallery and museum; mirrors; landscapes; artist materials; art education; traveling; art and vacations; documenta; Smithson also recalls Federica Beer-Monti , Hugh Stix , Danny Donohue, Joe Levin, Charlie Hasloff, John Cassavetes , Alan Brilliant, Irving Sandler, Barnett Newman, Richard Bellamy,John Groth, Lawrence Alloway, T. S. Elliot, Donald Judd, William Carlos Williams, Jackson Pollock, William Burroughs, Ad Reinhardt, Dan Flavin, Virginia Dwan, Rosalind Krauss, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Smithson (1938-1973) was a sculptor well known for his earthworks.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Environmental artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.smiths72
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a3c8b740-0374-4dc6-87f9-616fbbc142c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smiths72
Online Media:

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