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Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection

Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Department of Public Programs  Search this
America's Jazz Heritage  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation  Search this
Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Adams, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Aguabella, Francisco, 1925-  Search this
Akiyoshi, Toshiko, 1929-  Search this
Alvarado, Alfredo  Search this
Anderson, Chris, 1926-  Search this
Armenteros, Chocolate, 1928-  Search this
Armstrong, Howard, 1909-2003  Search this
Ashby, Harold  Search this
Atkins, Clarence, 1921-  Search this
Avakian, George, 1919-  Search this
Baker, David, 1931-  Search this
Bank, Danny, 1922-  Search this
Barker, Danny, 1909-  Search this
Barker, Louise, 1913-  Search this
Barron, Kenny  Search this
Bass, Fontella  Search this
Bates, Peg Leg, 1907-  Search this
Bauza, Mario, 1911-  Search this
Belli, Remo  Search this
Bellson, Louis  Search this
Benson, George, 1943-  Search this
Berger, Ed  Search this
Bert, Eddie, 1922-  Search this
Betts, Keter, 1928-  Search this
Bey, Chief (James), 1913-  Search this
Bishop, Walter, 1927-  Search this
Brooks, Cecil  Search this
Brown, Oscar, Jr., 1926-  Search this
Brown, Velzoe, 1910-  Search this
Brubeck, Dave  Search this
Bryant, Ardie, 1929-  Search this
Bryant, Clora  Search this
Bryant, Ray, 1931-  Search this
Bufalino, Brenda, 1937-  Search this
Bunnett, Jane  Search this
Burns, Ralph, 1922-2001  Search this
Burrell, Kenny  Search this
Butts, Jimmy, 1917-  Search this
Byrd, Charlie, 1925-  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Carbonell, Luis  Search this
Carrington, Terri Lyne  Search this
Carter, Benny, 1907-2003  Search this
Carter, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Casey, Al, 1915-  Search this
Cheatham, Doc, 1905-1997  Search this
Cheatham, Jeannie, 1917-  Search this
Cheatham, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Claxton, William  Search this
Cobb, Jimmy, 1929-  Search this
Cohen, Martin, 1939-  Search this
Collins, John, 1913-  Search this
Columbus, Chris, 1902-  Search this
Conover, Willis, 1920-  Search this
Costello, Diosa  Search this
Cruz, Alfredo  Search this
Cruz, Celia, 1924-2003  Search this
Cugat, Xavier, 1900-  Search this
D'Rivera, Paquito, 1948-  Search this
De Franco, Buddy, 1923-  Search this
DeJohnette, Jack  Search this
Dejan, Harold, 1909-  Search this
Del Puerto, Carlos, 1951-  Search this
Di Novi, Gene, 1928-  Search this
Diaz Ayala, Cristobal  Search this
Donegan, Dorothy, 1922-  Search this
Driggs, Frank, 1930-  Search this
Dudley, Bessie, 1902-  Search this
Edison, Harry, 1915-  Search this
Egũes, Richard, 1923-2006  Search this
Farmer, Art, 1928-  Search this
Favors, Malachi  Search this
Fernandez, Rosita, 1918-2006  Search this
Fernandez, Ruth  Search this
Finegan, Bill, 1917-  Search this
Flynn, Frank (Marimba player)  Search this
Foster, Frank, 1928-  Search this
Fournier, Vernel, 1928-  Search this
Freeman, Von, 1922-  Search this
Fuller, Curtis, 1934-  Search this
Fuller, Gil, 1920-  Search this
Gensel, John  Search this
Gilbert, Peggy  Search this
Golson, Benny  Search this
Gonzalez, Celina  Search this
Goodson, Sadie, 1904-  Search this
Green, Urbie  Search this
Guerrero, Felix, 1916-2001  Search this
Guines, Tata  Search this
Hamilton, Chico, 1921-  Search this
Hampton, Slide  Search this
Harris, Joe  Search this
Harrison, Nelson  Search this
Haynes, Roy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Jimmy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Hemphill, Julius, 1938-  Search this
Henderson, Bill, 1930-  Search this
Henderson, Luther  Search this
Hendricks, Jon, 1921-  Search this
Hentoff, Nat  Search this
Hill, Roger, 1928-  Search this
Hinton, Milt, 1910-2000  Search this
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Horn, Shirley, 1934-  Search this
Humphries, Roger  Search this
Hutcherson, Bobby  Search this
Jarvis, Jane, 1915-  Search this
Jimenez, Flaco  Search this
Johnson, J.J., 1924-  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Jones, Hank, 1918-2010  Search this
Jones, Jonah  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Jordan, Kidd, 1935-  Search this
Jordan, Sheila, 1928-  Search this
Keepnews, Orrin, 1923-  Search this
Kimball, Narvin, 1909-  Search this
Klein, Manny, 1908-  Search this
Konitz, Lee  Search this
Lateef, Yusef, 1920-  Search this
Laws, Hubert  Search this
LeGon, Jeni, 1916-  Search this
LeRoy Neiman  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Levy, John, 1912-2012  Search this
Lewis, Edna, 1907-  Search this
Lewis, Ramsey  Search this
Liebman, Dave  Search this
Lincoln, Abbey, 1930 -  Search this
Liston, Melba  Search this
Livelli, Vincent  Search this
Longoria, Valerio, 1924-2000  Search this
Lopez, Israel, 1918-  Search this
Lucie, Lawrence, 1907-  Search this
Lutcher, Nellie, 1912-  Search this
Lynton, Charles, 1904-  Search this
Mandel, Johnny  Search this
Manning, Frank, 1914-  Search this
Marsalis, Delfeayo  Search this
Marsalis, Ellis  Search this
Marsalis, Jason  Search this
McGettigan, Betty  Search this
McIntosh, Tom, 1927-  Search this
McKibbon, Al, 1919-  Search this
McKusick, Hal, 1924-  Search this
McPartland, Marian  Search this
Mendoza, Lydia  Search this
Miller, Eric  Search this
Miller, Norma, 1919-  Search this
Mondello, Toots, 1911-  Search this
Moody, James, 1925-  Search this
Morgenstern, Dan  Search this
Murray, Albert, 1916-  Search this
Myers, Amina  Search this
Nicholas, Fayard, 1918-  Search this
Nicholas, Harold, 1924-  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
O'Brien, Peter F.  Search this
O'Farrill, Chico, 1921-2001  Search this
Owens, Jimmy, 1943-  Search this
Palmier, Remo, 1923-  Search this
Peraza, Armando, 1924-  Search this
Perez, Graciela  Search this
Peterson, Oscar, 1925-  Search this
Puente, Tito  Search this
Pullen, Don, 1941-  Search this
Rachell, Yank  Search this
Ray, Carline, 1925-  Search this
Reed, Leonard, 1907-  Search this
Richards, Red, 1912-  Search this
Rivers, Sam  Search this
Robinson, Charles  Search this
Robinson, Les, 1912-  Search this
Rogers, Shorty, 1924-  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Ross, Annie, 1930-  Search this
Royal, Marshall, 1912-1995  Search this
Rugolo, Pete, 1915-  Search this
Russell, George, 1923-2009  Search this
Rutherford, Rudy  Search this
Sager, Jane, 1914-  Search this
Santamaria, Mongo, 1917-  Search this
Scott, Jimmy  Search this
Settle, Cucell, 1914-  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Slyde, Jimmy, 1927-  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Johnny  Search this
Stoll, Jerrold "Jerry" Keith , 1923-2004  Search this
Taylor, Arthur, 1929-  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Teagarden, Norma, 1911-  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Thielemans, Toots  Search this
Tinney, Al, 1921-  Search this
Toro, Yomo  Search this
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Tyner, McCoy  Search this
Valdes, Bebo, 1918-  Search this
Valdez, Carlos, 1926-  Search this
Valdez, Chucho, 1941-  Search this
Valentin, Val, 1920-  Search this
Valeria, Chuy  Search this
Van Gelder, Rudy  Search this
Van Lake, Turk, 1918-  Search this
Viola, Al, 1919-  Search this
Walton, Cedar, 1934-  Search this
Wein, George  Search this
Wess, Frank, 1922-  Search this
Weston, Randy, 1926-  Search this
White, Andrew, 1942-  Search this
Wilder, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Willcox, Spiegle, 1902-  Search this
Williams, Claude, 1908-2004  Search this
Williams, John, 1905-  Search this
Wilson, Gerald, 1918-  Search this
Wilson, Nancy, 1937-  Search this
Wofford, Mike  Search this
Woods, Phil  Search this
Ybarra, Eva  Search this
Yoshida, George, 1922-  Search this
Young, Al (Saxophinist)  Search this
Young, Lee, 1917-  Search this
Young, Webster, 1932-  Search this
Baker, Lida  Search this
Bluiett, Hamiett  Search this
Brower, William  Search this
Brown, Anthony  Search this
Burstein, Julie  Search this
Carner, Gary  Search this
Cole, Tom  Search this
Coleman, Steve  Search this
Corporan, Hector  Search this
Crease, Bob  Search this
Dantzler, Russ  Search this
Elie, Lolis  Search this
Fernandez, Raul  Search this
Fochios, Steve  Search this
Frank, Rusty  Search this
Geremia, Paul, 1944-  Search this
Haddix, Chuck  Search this
Harris, Barry  Search this
Holley, Eugene  Search this
Jackson, Reuben  Search this
Jenkins, Willard  Search this
Kimery, Kennith  Search this
Kirchner, Bill  Search this
Levin, Floyd, 1922-2007  Search this
Lopez, Rene  Search this
McDaniel, Ted  Search this
McDonough, John  Search this
Murphy, Molly  Search this
Newton, James  Search this
O'Meally, Bob  Search this
Ouelette, Dan  Search this
Pelote, Vincent  Search this
Placksin, Sally  Search this
Porter, Lewis  Search this
Pullman, Peter  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Rodrique, Jessie  Search this
Schoenberg, Loren  Search this
Schwartz, Scott  Search this
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Sneed, Ann  Search this
Stitt, Katea  Search this
Talbot, Bruce  Search this
Tucker, Sherrie  Search this
Watson, Matt  Search this
White, Michael  Search this
Whitfield, Weslia  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Williams, James  Search this
Wong, Herb  Search this
Yamazaki, Paul  Search this
Zimmerman, James  Search this
39 Cubic feet (56 boxes)
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history
Scope and Contents:
Audiotapes, CDs and digital files: an ongoing project to interview and preserve the memories of people important in the jazz world, including jazz musicians, singers, dancers, producers, arrangers, and others. A list of interviewees and interviewers follows.

The following is a list of the individuals who conducted the interviews.

1. Brown, Anthony

2. Baker, Lida

3. Burstein, Julie


2. Bluiett, Hamiet
This collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1, DAT and CD Original Interview Recordings, 1992-2012

Series 2, Cassette Reference and Master Interview Tapes, 1992-2012

Series 3, Audio CD Reference Copies, 2000-2012

Series 4, Video/CD, 1994-2012

Series 5, Transcripts and Abstracts, 1992-2014

Series 6, Supplemental Documentation, 1992-2012
Biographical / Historical:
The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program, a project of "America's Jazz Heritage, A Partnership of the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund and the Smithsonian Institution" initiative was created in 1992. More than 150 in-depth oral history interviews were conducted from 1992 through 2002. The collection was transferred to the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History in 2000. Now part of the National Museum of American History's American Music History Initiatives, the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program continues to conduct interviews as funding is available.

The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program was established to document significant jazz musicians, performers, producers, and business associates in their own words and voices. Program staff contacted and worked with potential interviewees to arrange for interviews. Each interview was conducted by a jazz authority and was recorded on digital audiotape by a professional audio engineer. The interviews averaged 6 hours in length and covered a wide range of topics including early years, initial involvement in music, generally, and jazz specifically, as well as experiences in the jazz music world, including relationships to musicians. The original DAT interview tapes were then dubbed to audiocassettes and CD to create protection and access copies. More recent interviews have been recorded using fully digital technology and the interviews are preserved and made availbel as digital files.

A number of the interviews were conducted as part of the Ella Fitzgerald Oral History Project of the Jazz Oral History Program. Funded by the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation, these interviews focus on the life and work of Ella Fitzgerald. The National Endowments for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program continues to support new interviews with NEA Jazz Masters.

For more information about jazz concerts, education, collections, Jazz Appreciation Month, and the Jazz Master orchestra, visit Smithsonian Jazz.
The interviews were made for the Smithsonian Institution under the auspices of the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program supported by America's Jazz Heritage, funded by the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program. Additional interviews were conducted with support from the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation.
Collection is open for research. Researchers must use reference copies.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Release forms exist for most interviews.
Dancers  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Audiotapes -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Interviews -- 1990-2000
[Interviewee name] Interview, Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection, 1992-2014, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Online Media:

Albert Clanton Spaulding papers

Adams, William  Search this
Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Ackerman, Robert  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Aginsky, Bernard W. (Bernard Willard), 1905-  Search this
Baby, Raymond S.  Search this
Baerreis, David A., 1916-1989  Search this
Baker, George W.  Search this
Bartlett, Katherine  Search this
Bascom, William  Search this
Baumhoff, Martin A.  Search this
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978  Search this
Beaubien, Paul L.  Search this
Bell, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1914-2006  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark, 1905-1953  Search this
Binford, Lewis R. (Lewis Roberts), 1931-2011  Search this
Black, Glenn A. (Glenn Albert), 1900-1964  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Bozeman, Tandy  Search this
Braidwood, Robert J. (Robert John), 1907-2003  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John, 1924-1992  Search this
Byers, Douglas S., 1903-1978  Search this
Campbell, John M.  Search this
Carneiro, Robert  Search this
Carr, John F.  Search this
Champe, John L. (John Leland), 1895-  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Cotter, John Lambert  Search this
Cressman, Luther S., 1897-1994  Search this
Culbert, T. Patrick  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Deuel, Thorne, 1890-  Search this
Dickinson, J.C.  Search this
Dillingham, Beth  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Dole, Gertrude Evelyn, 1915-2001  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977  Search this
Erasmus, Charles  Search this
Euler, Robert  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr.  Search this
Fagan, Brian  Search this
Fejos, Paul, 1897-1963  Search this
Fenenga, Franklin  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fitting, James E.  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Ford, Richard I.  Search this
Gabel, Creighton  Search this
Giddings, Louis  Search this
Greengo, Robert E.  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gunnerson, James A.  Search this
Gurland, John  Search this
Hamilton, Henry W.  Search this
Harp, Elmer  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, Ardell A.  Search this
Hewes, Gordon Winant, 1917-  Search this
Hodson, F.R.  Search this
Horne, Stephen  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hruska, Robert J.  Search this
Hughes, Jack T.  Search this
Hull, W.C.  Search this
Hurt, Wesley R.  Search this
Huscher, Harold A., 1908-1992  Search this
Jelinek, Arthur J. (Arthur Julius), 1928-  Search this
Jennings, Jesse D. (Jesse David), 1909-1997  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Kaemlein, Wilma  Search this
Kaplan, Bernice  Search this
Kennard, Edward A. (Edward Allan), 1907-1989  Search this
Kerr, Clark  Search this
Kivett, Marvin F.  Search this
Krieger, Alex D. (Alex Dony), 1911-1991  Search this
Krogman, Wilton Marion, 1903-1987  Search this
Kunstadter, Peter  Search this
Lasker, Gabriel Ward  Search this
Laughlin, William S.  Search this
Leech, Florence  Search this
Lilban, Richard W.  Search this
Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953  Search this
Lister, Robert H. (Robert Hill), 1915-1990  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Martin, Paul S. (Paul Sidney), 1899-1974  Search this
Mayer-Oakes, William J., 1923-2005  Search this
McGregor, John  Search this
McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892-  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Miller, George (Omaha)  Search this
Muirhead, George  Search this
Neumann, Georg K. (Georg Karl), 1907-1971  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Norbeck, Edward, 1915-1991  Search this
Oakley, Kenneth Page, 1911-  Search this
Omwake, Henri Geiger, 1907-1967  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Pilling, Arnold R.  Search this
Quilter, Jeffrey, 1949-  Search this
Reed, Charles A.  Search this
Reed, Erik Kellerman, 1914-1990  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Ruppé, Reynold J., 1917-1993  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Schwartz, Douglas W., 1929-  Search this
Sears, William H.  Search this
Sebeok, Thomas A. (Thomas Albert), 1920-2001  Search this
Smith, Allen H.  Search this
Smith, Carlyle S. (Carlyle Shreeve), 1915-1993  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Marion W.  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spuhler, J.N.  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Swanson, Earl H., Jr. (Earl Herbert), 1927-1975  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Taylor, Walter W., Jr.  Search this
Thomas, David Hurst  Search this
Tolstoy, Paul  Search this
Tong, Marvin E. (Marvin Enoch), 1922-1981  Search this
Ward, Lauriston  Search this
Washburn, S. L. (Sherwood Larned), 1911-2000  Search this
Waterman, Alan T.  Search this
Watson, Patty Jo, 1932-  Search this
Wauchope, Robert  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Wenner-Gren, Axel, 1881-1961  Search this
Wheeler, Richard  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Will, George W.  Search this
Williams, Stephen  Search this
Wolfe, Alvin W. (Alvin William), 1928-  Search this
Wood, W. Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Yellen, John E., 1942-  Search this
4.5 Linear feet
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
North America
South Dakota
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu. Although it has been noted that there are significant and inexplicable lucunae in Spaulding's papers, they nevertheless touch on most phases of his professional life. There is, however, relatively little field material.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
1. Correspondence, 1948-1982; 2. manuscript of Spaulding writings; 3. material concerning students; 4. site reports and field project data; 4. material regarding conferences and committees; 6. material related to work as National Science Foundation archeology program director; 7. student notebooks and dissertation; 8. material regarding the Arzberger site; 9. administrative material regarding the University of Michigan; 10. academic papers collected by Spaulding, teaching aids, and lecture notes; 11. Philip C. Phillips and Gordon R. Willey file; 12. James A. Ford file; 13. correspondence regarding publications; 14. miscellany; 15. photographs
Biographical note:
Albert C. Spaulding was trained at Montana State University (B.A. in economics, 1935), the University of Michigan (M.A. in ahthropology, 1937), and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1946). In 1946-1947, he taught at the University of Kansas and was an assistant curator at the university's Museum of Anthropology. From 1947-1961, he taught at the University of Michigan and was curator of that university's Museum of Anthropology. In 1959-1961, Spaulding was first program director for the History and Philosophy of Science Program of the National Science Foundation and the NAS program director for anthropology. In 1963-1966, he was professor and chairman of the anthropology department at the University of Oregon. In 1967-1971, he became dean of the College of Letters and Science at the University of California at Santa Barbara and continued at that institution as professor of anthropology until 1983. Spaulding served the Society for Amercian Archeology as associate editor, secretary, vice president, and president. In 1964, he was vice president for Section H of American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Although Spaulding carried out several significant field projects, he is best rememberd for his theoretical and methodological concerns. In relating his first archeological field work, he declared: "My fundamental interest at the time (and now) was clarification of the basic concepts of archeology, which led me into explicit definitions of archaeological problems in terms of relationship between or among well-defined variables." Spaulding produced many articles and book reviews in which he dealt with such problems. Some of the best-known appeared in the pages of American Antiquity in 1953 and 1954 when be debated James A. Ford in general terms concerning teh most productive methods of archeology in general and the nature of archeological types and methods of defining them in particular. Because of his espousal of rigor in method, Spaulding is considered on of the main forerunners of the "new archeology" of the 1960s. For his work, he received the SAA distinguished Service Award in 1981.
The Albert Clanton Spaulding papers are open for research.

Access to the Albert Clanton Spaulding papers requires an appointment.
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Archaeology  Search this
Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Annual Reports

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Box 405, Folder 2
Archival materials
1946 - 1950
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email:
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 12: Publications / 12.1: Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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Smith, Hale G.

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Box 7
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 16: Division of Archaeology / 16.2: Correspondence / S
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Here they once stood; the tragic end of the Apalachee missions

Boyd, Mark F (Mark Frederick) 1889-1968  Search this
Smith, Hale G  Search this
Griffin, John W  Search this
Franciscans  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 189 p. illus., maps, facsim. 27 cm
Spanish colony, 1565-1763
Missions  Search this
History  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F314 .B78
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Hale G. Smith photographs of archeological excavations

Smith, Hale G.  Search this
103 Prints (silver gelatin)
128 Negatives (acetate)
133 Negatives (acetate, 35 mm)
34 Copy negatives
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy negatives
Illinois -- Antiquities
Michigan -- Antiquities
Indiana -- Antiquities
Panama -- Antiquities
Haiti -- Antiquities
Cuba -- Antiquities
circa 1937-1953
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Hale G. Smith documenting archeological excavations in the United States, Cuba, Haiti, the Canal Zone, and Panama. Included are images of archeological excavations, filming equipment, Smith's friends and fellow archeologists, maps, skeletal remains and burials, carved pictoglyphs, pottery, projectile points, tools, shells, field camps, aerial views of Haiti, basket making in Panama, and copies of photographs published in "The First Floridians," sent to Smith by Robert Brown.
Biographical/Historical note:
Hale G. Smith founded the Department of Anthropology at Florida State University and was one of the first Spanish colonial historical archaeologists in the Southeast.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-30
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Burial  Search this
Archaeologists  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Photo Lot 87-30, Hale G. Smith photographs of archeological excavations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

The European and the Indian : European-Indian contacts in Georgia and Florida / Hale Gilliam Smith

Smith, Hale G  Search this
Physical description:
150 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Antiquities  Search this
Acculturation  Search this
Call number:
E78.F6 S65 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Two archeological sites in Brevard County, Florida / Hale G. Smith

Smith, Hale G  Search this
Physical description:
31 p. : ill., maps. ; 23 cm
Brevard County
Antiquities  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Call number:
GN2 .F55 no.1
E78.F6 S653 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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