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The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

[Miller Garden]: view of the house overlooking the Puget Sound.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
ca. 1987.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Ocean  Search this
Seashore  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Houses  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA013001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA013: Seattle -- Miller Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11535

[Miller Garden]: fall foliage color.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
ca. 1987.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Paths  Search this
Rock gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA013006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA013: Seattle -- Miller Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11536

[Miller Garden]: view of path and woodland gardens; fall foliage color.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
ca. 1987.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Paths  Search this
Junipers  Search this
Evergreens  Search this
Walkways, gravel  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Rocks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA013012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA013: Seattle -- Miller Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11537

[Miller Garden]: view of bridge path, pergola and woodland gardens.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
ca. 1987.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Paths  Search this
Houses  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA013013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA013: Seattle -- Miller Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11538

[Miller Garden]: stumps; evergreens; travella; woodland gardens; native plants.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Miller Garden (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Date:
ca. 1987.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Endemic plants  Search this
Evergreens  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WA013016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington / WA013: Seattle -- Miller Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11539

Lake Geneva -- House in the Woods

Former owner:
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay  Search this
Bartlett, Adolphus Clay, Mrs.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mr.  Search this
Spencer, William Marvin, colonel, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Mariani Landscape  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Geneva Garden Club  Search this
Arborist:
Bartlett Tree Experts  Search this
Creator:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House in the Woods (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Walworth -- Lake Geneva
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and articles about the house.
General:
Beauty without boundaries is the guiding principle for the more than 50 acre vacation estate. Since it was identified as one of the most beautiful country houses by Ladies Home Journal in 1912 and had gardens landscaped by John Charles Olmsted in 1905, the owners chose to restore rather than renovate when they purchased the property in 1971. The wooded shore of Lake Geneva with rockwork retaining walls transitions into an ornamentally landscaped estate. Drifts of hydrangea, hosta and buckeye at the gated entrance are succeeded by the original concrete driveway through woodland gardens with sugar maple, red oak, white oak, linden, boxwood, ground covers and perennial flowers that include daylilies, bleeding heart, phlox, and rugose roses. The formal drive circle at the house has a fountain in the center and a perimeter of flowering shrubs and variegated ivy topiaries. A grass terrace facing the lake features a rustic planted stone staircase. White roses and hydrangea are accented by a bell placed on an old tree stump. The children's garden has containers of vegetables, fruits, flowers and herbs with rustic wattle arches and furniture.
An enclosed courtyard for the swimming pool between the main house and guest house has clipped yew hedges, ground covers and perennials, trumpet, clematis and wisteria vines, and potted citrus trees. Near stands of mature trees planted more than 100 years ago there is a grotto, a mound of soil and stones topped by a statue with a stone bench nearby. One lawn is kept sculpted into a labyrinth. There is a mineral spring on the property, which is said to be restorative, that flows into a fieldstone basin surrounded by a planted rockwork wall. The other formal gardens include a rose garden planted in parterres and enclosed by espaliered apple trees and an organic potager with vegetable, herb and cutting flower beds laid out geometrically on either side of a wide path of stabilized degenerate granite with more espaliered fruit trees on the surrounding wire fence and covering a pergola.
Renovations were required for a disabled family member, including widened and level walkways with very gradual inclines, smooth stone patios and terraces with narrow joints, benches placed where there are good views of the lake, access to the house and swimming pool, and an elevator to the second floor inside the house. Trees in the woodland gardens were replaced as needed and tagged for future reference.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Adolphus Clay Bartlett (former owners, 1905-1930); Colonel and Mrs. William Marvin Spencer (former owners, 1930-1971); John Charles Olmsted (landscape architect, 1905); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1905); Bartlett Tree Experts (arborists, 2011); Mariani Landscape (landscape architect, 1980- ).
The property was featured in "Ladies Home Journal" in 1909 when it was selected as one of the the twelve most beautiful homes in America.
Related Materials:
House in the Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35mm slides (photographs); and 21 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03038, A. C. Bartlett.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.

Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI027
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11667

Sheboygan Falls -- Homewood

Former owner:
Hansen, Horace J. Dr.  Search this
Hansen, Elizabeth Mrs.  Search this
Architect:
Baum, Dwight James, 1886-1939  Search this
Provenance:
Town and Country Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Homewood (Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan County -- Sheboygan Falls
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and other information.
General:
Commissioned by the parents of the present owner, Homewood is truly a family home. It was built in 1937 from an architectural design modeled after the original Homewood at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, built by Charles Carroll in 1801. The architectural plan was featured in the 1939 New York World's Fair as a model home featuring a modern take on the classic Colonial design customized to meet the needs of the average American family. The home was designated as a historic landmark of Sheboygan County in 1983 and was surveyed for the Historic Preservation Division of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
The vegetable gardens of Homewood date back to the World War II victory garden that the present owner helped to maintain as a child. The gardens have since evolved to address issues of pest control, shade, and to increase produce yield by incorporating raised beds, lattice supports, and additional fencing to help alleviate some the challenges of growing a large vegetable garden. The gardens in their current form were established beginning in 1990, when the present owners renovated the family home.
The main vegetable plot features protective plantings of cedar trees and bittersweet vine, a raspberry patch, and a revolving assortment of vegetable beds which include plantings of greens and lettuce mixes, beans, herbs, tomatoes, and peppers, to name a few, as well as perennials such as rhubarb and asparagus. An additional kitchen garden is located close to the house, where herbs, lettuces, and tomatoes are grown. The abundant vegetable plantings yield enough produce for sharing with friends and neighbors, and canning, freezing, pickling and storage of the crops allows the harvest to last throughout the year.
A sixteen foot long arbor serves as the entrance to the main fenced and gated vegetable garden. Clematis, grapevine, and climbing roses grow on the arbor, which features a crushed limestone path and a bench to provide seating. Additional features on the property include two native prairie areas, a native tree and shrub nursery, and a steep embankment on the back of the property includes maple, oak and ash trees and a wetland abutting an adjoining river.
Persons associated with the garden include: Dr. Horace J. Hansen and Mrs. Elizabeth Hansen (former owners, 1937-1992); and Dwight James Baum (architect, 1937).
Related Materials:
Homewood related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm slides (photographs); 17 digital images; and 20 photographic prints (reference))
Additional material regarding the property is located in the Sheboygan County Historical Research Center, Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan Falls  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI040
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11686
Online Media:

[Windwood Garden]: oak, maple and woodland perennials in woodland garden area.

Photographer:
Hays, Joseph A.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Windwood Garden (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Milwaukee County -- Milwaukee
Date:
2008 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Lake Geneva  Search this
Wild flowers  Search this
Fences  Search this
Trees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WI038001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin / WI038: Lake Geneva -- Windwood Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11767

[Homewood]: the prairie flower garden in winter reveals an iron sculpture of a purple coneflower.

Photographer:
Zagozen, Sandra L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Homewood (Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan County -- Sheboygan Falls
Date:
2004 Feb.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan Falls  Search this
Winter  Search this
Prairies  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Grasses  Search this
Trees  Search this
Snow  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WI040004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin / WI040: Sheboygan Falls -- Homewood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11847

[Homewood]: a terraced garden path features rockwork and bird feeders.

Photographer:
Zagozen, Sandra L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Homewood (Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan County -- Sheboygan Falls
Date:
2004 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Sheboygan Falls  Search this
Bird feeders  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Benches  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Retaining walls  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Stairs, stone  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Trees  Search this
Spring  Search this
Birdhouses  Search this
Garden walks  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WI040010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin / WI040: Sheboygan Falls -- Homewood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11848

Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden

Former owner:
Turnbridge Mr  Search this
Turnbridge Mrs  Search this
Smith, Oscar  Search this
Smith, Oscar Mrs  Search this
Provenance:
The Virginia Beach Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes an information sheet, a features plan, a slide plan, a slide list and a plant list.
General:
Located on less than an acre, the Meg and Bill Campbell Garden is a coastal seaside garden dominated by live oaks, some of which predate the 1925 house. Over the years, renovations to the house and garden have updated the Dutch Colonial shingle style home, tucking decks on four levels among the trees. Raised wookden walkways wind through beds of hostas, ferns and hydrangeas toward the waterfall and pond. The garden is one house away from oceanfront. The front bed, which has more ocean exposure, has plantings of Russian sage, Joe Pue weed, shrub roses, Becky daisues, day lilies, spiderwort and grasses.
The location of this garden in Virginia is at the northern edge of the growing zone for live oak trees. Some of the trees on the property are more than one hundred years old and were left in place although the building of houses in the area destroyed most of the coastal dunes. The informal style of plantings of perennials, bulbs, annuals, and vines allows some flowers to self-sow from year to year. Elevated wooden walkways and paths made from paving stones allow access to all parts of the garden. A vegetable garden on a neighbor's property is shared, and there is an herb garden at the back of the lot.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. Turnbrige (former owners, 1925-1940); Commodore and Mrs. Oscar Smith (former owners, 1940-1974).
Related Materials:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 35 mm, slides (photographs).)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Urban gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA372
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18918

Warsaw -- Sabine Hall

Former owner:
Carter, Robert Wormley, ca. 1735-1797  Search this
Wellford, Armistead Nelson  Search this
Wellford, Dabney S. Rev  Search this
Wellford, Hill B.  Search this
Carter, Landon, 1710-1778  Search this
Carter, Elizabeth, 1717-1806  Search this
Carter, Winifred, ca.1740  Search this
Wellford, Robert, 1775-1844  Search this
Wellford, Ida  Search this
Wellford, William  Search this
Wellford, Katherine Davis  Search this
Carter, Katherine  Search this
Carter, Elizabeth Merrie  Search this
Carter, Landon, II  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Sabine Hall (Warsaw, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Richmond County -- Warsaw
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies from publications.
General:
Sabine Hall is a plantation residence in the Georgian style built by Robert "King" Carter for his son Colonel Landon Carter, circa 1730, on a property of 4,000 acres, in an axial plan with formal parterre gardens. Sabine Hall was named for Horace's Roman villa and passed down through the Carter family for nine generations. The family kept the original geometric plan intact, although not all the beds were planted over time. Facing the Rappahannock River, and encompassing several hundred feet are six terraced beds with connecting grass ramps, with a centered gravel walk nearly six feet wide leading from the porch steps into the first terrace. Gravel walks continued to at least the second and third terraces. The first terrace, planted in grass, was called a bowling green. There were formal flower beds planted in a symmetrical English style on the second terrace. The third terrace was likely planted in small fruits and medicinal herbs, the fourth and fifth terraces planted in vegetables, and the sixth with fruit trees. There was another vegetable garden (the kitchen garden) planted with necessities that did not conform to the aesthetics of the parterres, planted beyond the boxwood hedges, out of sight from the house. The fifth and sixth terraces were not maintained into the 20th century, but the outlines remain. The borders were hedged in boxwood. The front portico of the house has leads to a planted lawn surrounded and interplanted with both native and imported tree species.
Colonel Landon Carter is presumed to have been responsible for the initial geometrical design of the garden, based on 17th century English and Continental precepts. Indentured English gardeners may have been early workers, as well as slaves passed down through family bequests. The third owner, Robert Wormeley Carter, named slave gardeners in his will of 1794.
Flowers mentioned by Landon Carter include bulbs, roses, and wildflowers. Vegetables included artichokes, French beans, broccoli, cabbages, carrots, cauliflower, cucumbers, endives, lettuce, melons, mushrooms, onions, parsley, peas, potatoes, radishes, savoys, spinach, and turnips.
Following ownership by Colonel Landon Carter (1710-1778) and his wife Elizabeth Wormeley of Rosegill, the estate passed to Robert Wormeley Carter and his wife Winifred Beale; then to their son Colonel Landon Carter II and his wife Katharine Tayloe of Mount Airy; next to Robert Wormeley Carter II and his wife Elizabeth Merrie Tayloe of Mount Airy. Ownership then skipped a generation and went to Robert Carter Wellford (a grandson) in 1861, who married Elizabeth Harrison of Berkeley. She died in 1919, leaving Sabine Hall to two sons, Armistead Nelson Wellford and his wife Katherine Davis and William Harrison Wellford and his wife Ida Beverly. The property was passed on to ensuing sons, the Reverend Dabney S. Wellford and Hill B. Wellford.
Persons associated with the garden include the Carter family (1730) and their descendents.
Related Materials:
Sabine Hall related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Warsaw  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Gardens, English  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18924

Warsaw -- Mount Airy

Creator:
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shurcliff, Arthur A. (Arthur Asahel), 1870-1957  Search this
Former owner:
Tayloe, William, Col  Search this
Tayloe, William  Search this
Tayloe, John, Col  Search this
Tayloe, Richard  Search this
Tayloe, H. Gwinn  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Mount Airy (Warsaw, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Richmond County -- Warsaw
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
Mount Airy was built ca. 1748-1758 by John Tayloe II (b.1721-1779) in the Palladian style, on high ground overlooking the Rappahannock River. The original garden was formal and European in style, with a large bowling green directly behind the house which had formal parterres planted in flowers on either side. The five levels of garden terraces had square beds edged in boxwood. There was an orangery, now in ruins. Old trees remain on the grounds, including box, holly, tulip poplars, and yew, and also lilacs and roses. The house was approached through a deer park with an avenue of cedar trees.
In order to build the house on high ground six acres were leveled. The house was built of local brown sandstone with limestone trim from Aquia, Virginia. The architect was said to be Colonel Thornton of London. The large central house is connected to smaller wings in front of the main house by curved corridors, which enclose the courtyard. There was a private racetrack for horses on the estate, and John Tayloe II was a noted horseman. The property remained in the Tayloe family for nearly 300 years.
Landscape architect Arthur A. Shurtleff, best known for designing Colonial Revival gardens in the 1930s for Williamsburg and other locations, drew up plans to restore Mount Airy in 1931. These plans are located at the Library of Virginia.
Mount Airy was listed as a National Historic Landmark on Ocotber 9, 1960, noting that it is the burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on Ocotber 15, 1966 and as a Virginia Historic Landmark on September 9,1969.
Persons associated with the garden include Colonel John Tayloe II (1721-ca.1779), Colonel John Tayloe III (1771- 1828), who built Octagon House in Washington DC 1798-1800, descendents of the Tayloe family and Arthur A. Shurleff (landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Mount Airy related holdings consist of 2 folders (4 3 x 4 in. glass lantern slides and 4 35mm slides (photographs))
See others in:
Hollerith Collection, ca. 1957-1974.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Warsaw  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA067
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18925

Unidentified -- Hampstead

Former owner:
Webb, Conrad, Col  Search this
Wallace, William J.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hampstead (Tunstall Station, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- New Kent County -- Tunstall Station
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles about the property.
General:
The Federal style house was built ca. 1825 by Colonel Conrad Webb, and overlooks the Pamunkey River. Some colonial era plantings on the property predate the house. There was a terraced garden leading to the river, at one time called the most elaborate in the state. The property was planted with magnolia trees, crape myrtle and boxwood bordered garden beds that contained old-fashioned flowers, and also had undisturbed old-growth forest trees.
The red brick house has identical porticoes in the front and back that are supported by four two-story columns, in the style identified with Adams. Also there are walls on the property built of red brick. The original roof parapet, of early 19th c. design survives and was studied as a model for the restoration of Virginia's capital building in Richmond, in the 1980s when the property was owned by Mr. and Mrs. William J. Wallace. An overseer's house with wooden siding also was found on the property.
Persons associated with the garden include the Webb family, Colonel Conrad Webb (former owner, 1825- ) and Mr. and Mrs. William J. Wallace (former owner, 1950s-1980s).
Related Materials:
Hampstead related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 glass lantern slides and 6 35mm slides (photographs))
See others in:
Hollerith Collection, ca. 1957-1974.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Tunstall Station  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA046
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18942

[Meg and Bill Campbell Garden]: flower beds on the northwest property corner.

Photographer:
Lee, Lucy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Date:
2009 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Foxgloves  Search this
Roses  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Pansies  Search this
Snapdragons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA372004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA372: Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19843

[Meg and Bill Campbell Garden]: elevated vantage point of shade garden, featuring sweeping live oak branches, walkways and pond.

Photographer:
Lee, Lucy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Date:
2007 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Arches  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Boardwalks  Search this
Trees  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Walkways, stone  Search this
Live oak  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA372008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA372: Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19844

[Meg and Bill Campbell Garden]: early morning mist with oak tree and azaleas.

Photographer:
Lee, Lucy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Date:
2008 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Live oak  Search this
Fog  Search this
Azaleas  Search this
Trees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA372009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA372: Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19845

[Meg and Bill Campbell Garden]: view of back of house and live oak tree.

Photographer:
Lee, Lucy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Date:
2009 Mar.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Live oak  Search this
Decks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA372012
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA372: Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19846

[Meg and Bill Campbell Garden]: perennial flower bed on the south side of the property.

Photographer:
Lee, Lucy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Meg and Bill Campbell Garden (Virginia Beach, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach
Date:
2008 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Virginia Beach  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Birdhouses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA372013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA372: Virginia Beach -- Meg and Bill Campbell Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19847

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