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Grass

Creator:
Gardner, Alexander  Search this
Names:
Peji  Search this
Used as a Shield  Search this
Wahacankayapi  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Extent:
1 Print
Culture:
Dakota -- Blackfoot  Search this
Dakota -- Blackfeet  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1872
Biographical / Historical:
Subject also known as Peji, Wahacankayapi, or Used as a Shield
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000156

OPPS NEG.3109

OPPS NEG.31,372-a
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ff766ebb-3883-460a-ab7a-980877268334
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p-ref579

Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection

Creator:
Capron, Allyn K.  Search this
Extent:
108 Photographic prints
8 Copy negatives
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Apache  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Southern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Fort Sill (Okla.)
Nebraska
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Alabama
Date:
1872-1900
Summary:
This collection includes prints and photographic negatives collected by Captain Allyn K. Capron. Many of the photographs were taken in the Fort Sill area in Oklahoma throughout Capron's time serving there. While a few of these photographs depict Capron, the majority of the Fort Sill photographs feature Native American prisoners of war. This collection also contains portraits taken by Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr during the 1898 U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. In addition, this collection contains rare photographs from a 1900 Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit led by Chief Joseph to Washington, DC. Additional assorted photographs, which were collected by Capron and taken among several communities in Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, and Florida by various photographers, are also included.

The communities represented within this collection include the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Assiniboine (Stoney), Southern Inunaina (Arapaho), Kiowa, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux), Cayuse, Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Niimíipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Potawatomi, Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico), Southern Plains, and Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), with a few individuals identified simply as Sioux.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic prints and negatives collected by Capron and arranged into four series.

Series 1: Fort Sill and surrounding areas, 1885-1896, includes 6 copy negatives and 73 photographic prints. These photographs were taken by George A. Addison (George Anthony Addison), Ella M. Roff (Ellen M. Roff/E. M. Roff), and unknown photographers in Alabama and Oklahoma,in Fort Sill and surrounding areas, between 1885-1896. Some notable scenes include Geronimo and his family, individuals rounding up calves, non-native soldiers, Kiowa tipis, Niuam (Comanche) men shooting bows, the 12th Infantry of Apache Indians, and the Fort Sill Commanding Officers' quarters. Captain Allyn Capron is pictured in a few of the Fort Sill photographs. The indigenous communities depicted include the Southern Plains, Chiricahua Apache, Apache, Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico), Niuam (Comanche), Kiowa, and Potawatomi.

Series 2: Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898, includes 1 copy negative and 7 photographic prints taken in Omaha, Nebraska by Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr in 1898. The photographs depict scenes from the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and include portraits of individuals belonging to the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Assiniboine (Stoney), Southern Inunaina (Arapaho), Kiowa, Chiricahua Apache, Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux) communities, with a few individuals identified only as Sioux. A delegation of Apache prisoners of war, including Geronimo, were brought from Fort Sill to attend the exposition.

Series 3: Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900, includes includes 1 copy negative and 28 photographic prints taken by Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, Alexander Gardner, David F. Barry (David Francis Barry/D. F. Barry), and unknown photographers throughout the United States between 1872-1900. This series contains photographs taken among the Sioux, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), and Cayuse communities. The locations for the shoots include Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, Florida, and Washington, DC. The subjects of this series include individual portraits, communities, and landscapes, with notable individuals including Naiche (Natchez), Goyathlay (Geronimo), Chief John Grass (Pe-ji or Pah-Zhe), and Theodore Roosevelt.

Series 4: Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C.,1900, includes 8 rare photographic prints of a joint Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C. in 1900. The delegates appearing in this series includes Cayuse delegate Chief Paul Showaway and Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) delegates Chief Joseph (Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt), Stephen J. Reuben, and Chief Peo Peo Tholekt (Peopeotahlikt/Peo Peo T'olikt/Peo-Peo-Ta-Lakt/George Peo-peo-tah-likt/Bird Alighting). Stephen J. Reuben was Chief Joseph's nephew, and acted as an interpreter for this visit. This series was possibly photographed outside of 1111 Masachussets Avenue, Washington, D.C. Additional identifications were provided by Nakia Williamson-Cloud, Nez Perce Tribe Cultural Resource Program, 2003.

Copy negatives include N21545, N37515-N37518, N41416, N41418, N41459. Photographic prints include P13092-P13095, P13097, P3101-P13203.
Arrangement:
Arranged intellectually into four series. Series 1: Fort Sill and surrounding areas, 1885-1896; Series 2: Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, 1898; Series 3: Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900; Series 4: Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C., 1900.
Biographical / Historical:
Captain Allyn K. Capron, a graduate of West Point, was a Rough Rider who served as Lieutenant and Captain in the U.S. Army. In 1886, Geronimo and 341 other Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war were captured and brought to Fort Sill in Oklahoma. It was here that Capron served under Hugh L. Scott, who was in charge of Geronimo's band of Apache Indians from 1894 to 1897. As a lieutenant, between 1895-1896, Capron commanded Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, U.S.A at Fort Sill; this unit consisted entirely of Apache Indians. He was in charge also of Geronimo, whom he often quoted within his letters written from Fort Sill. Capron died from the effects of exposure during the Spanish American War in 1898.
Provenance:
Gift of Agness Kissam Capron, wife of Captain Allyn Capron, 1938.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.152; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.152
See more items in:
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4175d9458-c760-4150-a67c-c4b5a765cd43
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-152

Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900

Collection Creator:
Capron, Allyn K.  Search this
Extent:
20 Photographic prints
1 Copy negative
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Apache  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Scope and Contents:
This series includes 1 copy negative and 20 photographic prints taken by Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, Alexander Gardner, David F. Barry (David Francis Barry/D. F. Barry), and unknown photographers throughout the United States between 1872-1900. This series contains photographs taken among the Sioux, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), and Cayuse communities. The locations for the shoots include Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, Florida, and Washington, DC. The subjects of this series include individual portraits, communities, and landscapes, with notable individuals including Naiche (Natchez), Goyathlay (Geronimo), Chief John Grass (Pe-ji or Pah-Zhe), and Theodore Roosevelt.

Copy negatives include N41459. Photographic prints include P13094, P13102, P13103, P13106, P13118, P13120, P13129, P13164, P13165-P13173, P13177, P13194, P13195. Photographic prints P13099 and P13100 are missing.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.152; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.152, Series 3
See more items in:
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b92c07b7-2e39-4754-a2e1-9389ffd88f09
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-152-ref3

MS 3941 Materials assembled by Hewitt for preparation of articles in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30 and for replies to inquires from the public

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Correspondent:
Bogaskie, F.  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Creator:
MacKinley, W. E. W., Captain  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- Bulletin 30  Search this
Society of American Indians  Search this
Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807  Search this
Old Smoke  Search this
Sayenqueraghta  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Williams, Eleazer  Search this
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Adirondack  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Black Mincqua  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Pekwanoket  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Maya  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Erie (archaeological)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Susquehannock (archaeological)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Calendars
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Adirondack tribe (St Lawrence River) Old Manuscript Number 3553. Adoption Old Manuscript Number 4007. Refers to Algonquian method of counting -only; see Haas note 2/18/72; Old Manuscript Number 3864. "Alligewi"; Animism Old Manuscript Number 3867 and 2842-c, box 6. Blood Indians, origin of name; Brant, Joseph Old Manuscript Number 3874. Chippewa, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Chiefs, function and significance of Old Manuscript Number 2842-c, box 6. Delaware tribe, New Jersey area claimed by Old Manuscript Number 3866. Detroit River, tribes near; Ekaentoton Island-- see Ste. Marie Island Environment (Bulletin 30 draft by O. T. Mason) Old Manuscript Number 4007. Erie, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Erie and Black Mincqua tribes Old Manuscript Number 3586. [Eskimo] Arctic tribes, leaving elderly and sick people to die Old Manuscript Number 3668. Family, Bulletin 30 draft and notes Old Manuscript Number 4011 and 2842-c, box 6. Grand River (Tinaatoua), name of; Hebrew calendar; Hewitt, list of Bulletin 30 articles by Old Manuscript Number 4066. Hoboken, origin of name; Iroquois, "On the Northern and Eastern Territorial Limits of the Iroquoian people, in the 16th Century," and Algonquian tribes, at Chaleur Bay. Iroquois at Gulf of St Lawrence and Bay of Gaspe Old Manuscript Number 3625.
Iroquois, location of Six Nations tribes reservations Old Manuscript Number 3763. Iroquois false face; Iroquois preparation of corn ("as food") Old Manuscript Number 4009. Iroquoian early dress Old Manuscript Number 3660. Iroquoian "Gachoi" tribe, identity of (Correspondence with F. Bogaskie.) Old Manuscript Number 3816. Iroquoian moon names and concept of time; Iroquoian social organization, and place name-name origins; "Man," Iroquoian term for Old Manuscript Number 3781. Iroquoian towns Old Manuscript Number 4006. Kentucky, meaning of the word; Kentucky, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3840. Lenni Lenape, meaning of the word; Logstown-- see Shenango Old Manuscript Number 3773. Lost Ten Tribes as American Indians Old Manuscript Number 3670. Mayan linguistic family and other Mayan linguistic notes including Quiche and Tepehuanan notes Old Manuscript Number 3473. Mexico: idols, sacrifices, etc. Old Manuscript Number 3807. Mexico: Indian languages. Letter from Captain W.E.W. MacKinley Old Manuscript Number 3778. Missouri, Indian village, location of Old Manuscript Number 3944. Mohawk land near Lake Champlain; Mohawk grammar; Montour family, notes for Bulletin 30 Old Manuscript Number 3812. Muskhogean social organization. Letter from J. J. Harrison. Old Manuscript Number 3891. New England tribes Old Manuscript Number 3513.
Niagara, origin of name; "Old Smoke"-- see Sayenqueraghta Old Manuscript Number 3949. Onondaga tribe, text of memorial inscription to, and correspondence Old Manuscript 4391 and 4271- box 1 (part.) Ontwaganha or Toaganha, origin and meaning of name Old Manuscript Number 3864. Owego, meaning of town's name; Pekwanoket tribe (Cape Cod); Pemaquid, Abnaki word and its origin Old Manuscript Number 89. Piasa bird- pictograph formerly near present Alton, Illinois. Article is similar to that by Cyrus Thomas, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. Old Manuscript Number 3981. Potawatomi, notes on the name Old Manuscript Number 4034. Potawatomi Green Corn Dance; Roanoke, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3998. Sacagawea, spelling of; St Ignace, 3 settlements (Michigan); St Marie Island or Ekaentoton Island; Sauk, Bulletin 30 article and galley proof, notes Old Manuscript Number 3764. Sayenqueraghta or "Old Smoke" (correspondence with Alanson Skinner) Old Manuscript Number 3949. Scalping Old Manuscript Number 4025. Shenango and Logstown Old Manuscript Number 3773. Sioux, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3624. Society of American Indians, resolutions by thanking General Hugh L. Scott, Fr. Anselm Webber and others Old Manuscript Number 3868. Susquehanna, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3707. Tacoma, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3470.
Thunderbird, notes on Old Manuscript Number 3552. Tinaatoa-- see Grand River; Toronto, origin of name; Tuscarora villages Old Manuscript Number 3998. Wampum Old Manuscript Number 3998. War club with inscription; West Virginia panhandle tribes Old Manuscript Number 3945. Williams, Eleazer Old Manuscript Number 3998. Women, status of Old Manuscript Number 3566. Wyandots (Huron) List of tribes of which Wyandots of today are constituted. Old Manuscript Number 3774.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3941
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Inheritance -- Adoption  Search this
Religion -- animism  Search this
Names, tribal -- Blood  Search this
Names, tribal -- Chippewa  Search this
Government and politics -- chiefs  Search this
Land tenure and claims -- Delaware  Search this
Names, tribal -- Erie  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Death and mortuary customs -- abandoning elderly and sick  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Names, place -- Grand River  Search this
Jews  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Land tenure and claims  Search this
Masks -- False Face  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Food preparation -- Corn  Search this
Time -- concepts  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements  Search this
Names, place -- Kentucky  Search this
Names, tribal -- Leni Lenape  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Names, place -- Niagara  Search this
Names, place -- Owego  Search this
Abenaki Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Pemaquid  Search this
Pictographs -- Piasa bird  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Dance -- Green Corn  Search this
Names, tribal -- Potawatomi  Search this
Names, place -- Roanoke  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- St Ignace  Search this
Religion -- Mexico  Search this
Sacrifices -- Mexico  Search this
War -- Scalping  Search this
Indian interest groups -- Society of American Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Susquehanna  Search this
Names, tribal -- Tacoma  Search this
Folklore -- Thunderbird  Search this
Names, place -- Toronto  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Weapons -- war club  Search this
Marriage and family -- women, status of  Search this
Names, place -- Hoboken  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Honniasant  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Susquehannock  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Calendars
Citation:
Manuscript 3941, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3941
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e5d46f4-47a1-44d7-8e6d-d282280cd7f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3941

Herman J. Viola photograph collection relating to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA

Creator:
Viola, Herman J. (Herman Joseph), 1938-  Search this
Names:
American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Native American Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Photographer:
Genete, Rev. Salvatore  Search this
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Neufeld, Harry B.  Search this
Warren, Dave.  Search this
Extent:
120 Negatives (circa, 35 mm)
31 Color slides
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
310 Negatives (circa, acetate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Cree  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Osage  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Puyallup  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tunica  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1970-1991
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Herman J. Viola, depicting the 1973 Institute of American Indian Art meeting, Wolf Robe Hunt and his Acoma pottery, the transfer of Blue Eagle collection from Mae Abbott home to National Anthropological archives, and the 1974 Star Hawk Pow Wow in Watonga, Oklahoma. Additionally, there are photographs of NAA staff and the 1974 Acee Blue Eagle reception at NAA, possibly made by Viola. The collection also contains some photographs of Wounded Knee taken by Rev. Salvatore Genete, and copies of official portraits of Governor Aquillar of San Ildefonso Pueblo made by Harry B. Neufeld. There are also National Archives photographs of Chinese Boxer Rebellion prints, and Young watercolors and Alden sketches of American landscapes.

Much of the collection consists of portraits of participants in the NAA's American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program made by Smithsonian photographers, including Victor Krantz. These individuals include: Harry Walters, Navajo; Anna Walters, Otoe-Pawnee; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Sarah Yazzie, Navajo; Rubie Sootkis, Norther Cheyenne; David Fanman, Cheyenne; Augustine Smith, Navajo; Lorraine Bigman, Navajo; Jim Jefferson, Southern Ute; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; George Horse Capture, Gros Ventre; Violet Zospah, White Mountain Apache; Gloria Anderson, Mille Lacs; Wenonah Silva, Wampanoag; Claire Lamont, Oglala; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Virginia Martin, Yakama; Gary Roybal, San Ildefonso; Richard Ground, Sihasapa; Almeda Baker, Hidatsa; June Finley, Hidatsa; Lida Young Wolf, Hidatsa; Christine Webster, Menominee; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Vivienne Jake, Kaibab-Paiute; Kim Yerton, Hupa; Dean Jacobs, Ojibwa; Lois Nowlin, Shawnee; Bonita McCloud, Nisqually; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Emily Peake, Ojibwa; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokane; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Caroline B. Jones, Tulalip; Grace F. Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; David Lee Harding, Ojibwa; Robert V. Bojorcas, Klamath; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Steven DeCoteau, Clallam; Robert Van Gunten, Ojibwa; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Rhonda Hulsey, Chickasaw; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Jack Bowen Jr., Upper Skagit; and Harry William Jr., Pima.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of Native Americans who was director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972-1989 and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives. In 1973, he launched the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, designed to encourage Native Americans to become professional archivists, librarians, curators, and historians through research and internships at the NAA.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Records relating to the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archives -- Acquisitions  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-17, Herman J. Viola photograph collection relate to Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38b2cbdd1-1e36-4d17-ad93-93934686e26f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-17

Pipebag

Culture/People:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. George Reuling, Non-Indian, 1839-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Pipebag
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, brass bell/bells, porcupine quills, rawhide, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Sewn, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, overlay beadwork, quill-wrapped (flat)
Dimensions:
99.0 x 53.5 x 18.3 cm
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
5/9082
Barcode:
059082.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f3d6512c-e1ef-4cae-a639-382cd9bf4c69
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_63380
Online Media:

Flute

Culture/People:
probably Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Object Name:
Flute
Media/Materials:
Wood, lead, hide
Techniques:
Inlaid, painted
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
5/6754
Barcode:
056754.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws678a2b2d6-9059-4cb2-a57f-96d5a34541a2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_61340
Online Media:

Dance club

Culture/People:
probably Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William Ockleford Oldman (W.O. Oldman/William Ockelford Oldman), Non-Indian, 1879-1949  Search this
Seller:
William Ockleford Oldman (W.O. Oldman/William Ockelford Oldman), Non-Indian, 1879-1949  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Dance club
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
3/4822
Barcode:
034822.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ebf7d8ca-b5e9-44f6-ae37-eec1bc207d7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_36883
Online Media:

Knife sheath

Culture/People:
possibly Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Kill Eagle (Wanbli Kte), Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), ca. 1827-1885  Search this
David S. Stewart (David Smithson Stewart), Non-Indian, 1925-2011  Search this
Collector:
Captain Andrew S. Bennett (Captain Bennet), Non-Indian, 1834-1878  Search this
Donor:
David S. Stewart (David Smithson Stewart), Non-Indian, 1925-2011  Search this
Object Name:
Knife sheath
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, porcupine quills, ribbon
Techniques:
Lazy/lane stitch beadwork, stitched, quill-wrapped (flat)
Dimensions:
25 x 9 cm
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1865-1875
Catalog Number:
25/3865
Barcode:
253865.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68f3bd3b2-f264-4b4a-a99c-ef257d061d79
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_269568
Online Media:

Woman's legging moccasins

Culture/People:
probably Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Erich Kohlberg, Non-Indian, 1886-1978  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's legging moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
South Dakota; USA
Catalog Number:
23/7039
Barcode:
237039.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e547f991-6575-44c1-b836-9464ba3ad21c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_252374
Online Media:

Medicine bundle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Crawler (Slohan/David Crawler), Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]/Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), ca. 1830-ca. 1915  Search this
Colonel Clarence Edgar Whitney (C. E. Whitney), Non-Indian, 1876-1956  Search this
Seller:
Colonel Clarence Edgar Whitney (C. E. Whitney), Non-Indian, 1876-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Medicine bundle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Buffalo rawhide
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Bundles
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
21/8181
Barcode:
218181.000
See related items:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Bundles
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bb1fedf1-43de-4eb0-aaae-0cce316cb154
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_232865

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Edward Borein, Non-Indian, 1873-1945  Search this
Seller:
Lucille E. Borein (Mrs. Edward Borein), Non-Indian, 1882-1967  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, horsehair, metal cones, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Edge beaded , lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
20/7948
Barcode:
207948.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67aef13fb-b4c0-4e11-9358-f1378ab0ec53
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_222142
Online Media:

Blanket

Culture/People:
probably Diné (Navajo) (attributed); said to have been collected from the Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Object Name:
Blanket
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn
Techniques:
Woven
Dimensions:
207 x 150 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Place:
Arizona, New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
20/9305
Barcode:
209305.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e000841a-94fe-4ca4-877c-a9133b11f6e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_223471
Online Media:

Pipe tomahawk

Culture/People:
probably Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Jesse Strait (Jess Strait), Non-Indian, 1895-1991  Search this
Seller:
Jesse Strait (Jess Strait), Non-Indian, 1895-1991  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe tomahawk
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron blade, brass wire, hide, glass bead/beads, cow tail
Techniques:
Wrapped, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, engraved, cutout
Dimensions:
82 x 21.6 cm
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1870
Catalog Number:
20/9657
Barcode:
209657.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62a4c4fd1-3466-4800-ab0a-2a05d563124f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_223587
Online Media:

Boy's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
possibly Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Fitzhugh (William MacPherson Fitzhugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1929  Search this
Seller:
Estate of William M. Fitzhugh  Search this
Object Name:
Boy's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, wool cloth, porcupine quills, dye/dyes
Techniques:
Sewn, quill embroidered, fringed, quilled (lane stitched)
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/3198
Barcode:
193198.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e7e0a8c5-699d-40ce-b7a7-4ea6457b0c99
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_206568
Online Media:

Headdress accessory

Culture/People:
possibly Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Fitzhugh (William MacPherson Fitzhugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1929  Search this
Seller:
Estate of William M. Fitzhugh  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress accessory
Media/Materials:
Buffalo horn, glass bead/beads, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Quill-wrapped (flat), bead-wrapped
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/3273
Barcode:
193273.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws654d62dd1-d479-480c-abde-be9bfe2701f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_206643
Online Media:

Headdress accessory

Culture/People:
possibly Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Fitzhugh (William MacPherson Fitzhugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1929  Search this
Seller:
Estate of William M. Fitzhugh  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress accessory
Media/Materials:
Buffalo horn, glass bead/beads, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Quill-wrapped (flat), bead-wrapped
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/3273
Barcode:
193273.001
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d461b6c5-9ca3-48ec-8a09-e21b3b35a9d7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_206644
Online Media:

Ration ticket/card case

Culture/People:
possibly Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William M. Fitzhugh (William MacPherson Fitzhugh), Non-Indian, 1853-1929  Search this
Seller:
Estate of William M. Fitzhugh  Search this
Object Name:
Ration ticket/card case
Media/Materials:
Hide, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Quilled (lane stitched)
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
19/3274
Barcode:
193274.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws623296380-dd85-4447-8d1c-a7d5e7e33407
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_206645
Online Media:

Horse head ornament

Culture/People:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Object Name:
Horse head ornament
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, feather/feathers, cotton cloth, brass bell/bells, sinew, ermine skin/fur, cotton twine/string, cotton thread, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Cut, wrapped, stitched, bead-wrapped, strung, tied
Dimensions:
56.00 x 7.00 x 39.00 cm
Object Type:
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1860-1880
Catalog Number:
18/8881
Barcode:
188881.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6262f4de2-9dbb-4b44-92d6-18466c71be6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_201963
Online Media:

Dress painted with men's battle exploits

Culture/People:
probably Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux) (attributed); formerly identified as Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles W. Hutchinson (Charles Webster Hutchinson), Non-Indian, 1826-1896  Search this
Object Name:
Dress painted with men's battle exploits
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, denim, wool cloth, paint, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, painted
Dimensions:
156 x 128 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Plains; USA, Canada (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
17/6078
Barcode:
176078.000
See related items:
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e8a5f67a-fcea-4947-a339-f9070d87e378
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_188549
Online Media:

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