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Doll & Richards gallery records

Creator:
Doll & Richards (Gallery)  Search this
Names:
Azeez Khayat Gallery  Search this
Kleemann Galleries  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Chetcuti, John  Search this
Freiman, Robert  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Haseltine, William Stanley, 1835-1900  Search this
Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910  Search this
Lindenmuth, Tod  Search this
Meyerowitz, William, 1887-1981  Search this
Shepler, Dwight, 1905-  Search this
Verner, Elizabeth O'Neill, 1883-1979  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate, 1890-1970  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew, 1917-2009  Search this
Zoehler, Wendell H., 1907-1989  Search this
Extent:
87.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Financial records
Date:
1863-1978
bulk 1902-1969
Summary:
The records of the Doll & Richards gallery of Boston measure 87.5 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1902-1960s. Extensive financial and sales records, inventory records, and correspondence and letter books provide a detailed account of the business operations and sales of the gallery. Also found are notes and research files on artists and paintings, business and legal records, exhibition catalogs, six exhibition scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs. Significant correspondents include John Chetcuti, Robert Freiman, Lloyd Goodrich, Tod Lindenmuth, Macbeth Galleries, William Meyerowitz, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Stanley Woodward, and Andrew Wyeth, among many others.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Doll & Richards gallery of Boston measure 87.5 linear feet and date from 1863 to 1978, with the bulk of the material dating from 1902-1960s. Extensive financial and sales records, inventory records, and correspondence and letter books provide a detailed account of the business operations and sales of the gallery. Also found are notes and research files on artists and paintings, business and legal records, exhibition catalogs, six exhibition scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs. The bulk of the collection dates from 1902 when the gallery was incorporated and new books were begun. According to gallery employee Wendell Zoehler, many records from the 19th century were discarded and periodically, especially when the gallery moved, other records were discarded.

Incoming and outgoing correspondence documents sales, consignments, appraisals, exhibitions, and inquiries by artists and others to Doll & Richards for over a century. Significant correspondents include artists John Chetcuti, Robert Freiman, Tod Lindenmuth, William Meyerowitz, Dwight Shepler, Elizabeth O'Neill Verner, Stanley Woodward, Andrew Wyeth, and others. Additional correspondents include Lloyd Goodrich from Whitney Museum of American Art, Azeez Khayat Gallery, Macbeth Galleries, Kleemann Galleries, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. There is one letter from George Inness (1866). Outgoing correspondence is limited to 46 volumes of letterpress copybooks dating from 1930-1967.

Notes and research files primarily consist of compiled information about artists in which Doll & Richards dealt. These include card files related to the provenance of paintings by Winslow Homer and William Stanley Haseltine, and a book about Winslow Homer with notations by Zoehler about the sale of paintings .

Administrative and business records of general daily operations include an address book, meeting minutes, miscellaneous lists and notes, and a large card file of contacts with clients, consignors, artists, and businesses. A detailed description of the gallery's operations by Zoehler is also found here. Legal records include contracts, agreements, certificates of stock, certificates of copyrights, and photocopies of founding documents.

Although there are limited records prior to 1902, the financial records provide comprehensive detail of the gallery's financial transactions from the turn of the century through the early 1970s. Volumes of financial ledgers provide details of artwork bought, sold, and consigned; order forms for sales, framing, restoration, and shipping; gallery expenditures and salaries; records of client purchases; and other affairs. Many of the financial records are indexed and cross-referenced, offering researchers complex but rich documentation. The financial records should be consulted with the numerous inventory records that provide detailed information about the stock of art work held at the gallery. Inventory records also include documentation about the frames held by the gallery from the mid-1880s-1950. The gallery used sometimes complex codes to index and cross reference sales and stock. When known, these codes have been outlined in the more detailed series desciptions below, or filed within the appropriate boxes.

The history of Doll & Richards' exhibitions from the 1880s-1968 are documented in six disassembled bound volumes that contained exhibition catalogs and announcements. There are also additional loose catalogs and announcements. Additional printed materials include newspaper clippings related to exhibitions and the gallery and seven scrapbooks related to Doll & Richards' exhibitions from 1909-1943.

The bulk of the black and white photographs in the collection are of works of art by artists that Doll & Richards exhibited. There are only a handful of photographs of other subject matter, but include images of the gallery spaces at 2 Park Street, 71 Newbury, and 138 Newberry; and of artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as nine series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1863-1972, bulk 1930s-1972 (Boxes 1-14; 14 linear feet)

Series 2: Notes and Research Files, 1880s-1978, bulk 1930s-1960s (Boxes 15-16, 78; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Business Records, circa 1866-1978, bulk 1910s-1960s (Boxes 16-18; 1.9 linear feet)

Series 4: Legal Records, 1863-1906, 1941-1962 (Boxes 18, 78; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1871-1973, bulk 1902-1969 (Boxes 18-69, 79, BV81-112; 55 linear feet)

Series 6: Inventory Records, 1881-1969, bulk 1900s-1940s (Boxes 69-70, BV113-128; 2.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Materials, circa 1880s-1968, bulk 1890s-1960s (Boxes 70-75; 4.9 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1880s-1960s (Boxes 75-78; 2 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1908-1968, bulk 1908-1943 (Boxes 77, 80; 1.1 linear feet)

The records have been arranged according to the original order maintained by the gallery. Bound volumes containing exhibition catalogs glued to the internal spines have been disbound for preservation and proper housing.
Historical Note:
The Doll & Richards gallery originated in Boston in 1866 as an art gallery and framing shop owned by Charles E. Hendrickson, E. Adam Doll, and Joseph Dudley Richards. The gallery was a well-known Boston establishment for over 100 years that represented William Stanley Haseltine, Winslow Homer, William Morris Hunt, and Andrew Wyeth, among many other notable American painters, sculptors, and printmakers.

In 1870 Hendrickson retired and the gallery became Doll & Richards. After the untimely death of Doll in 1880, Richards purchased Doll's interest in the firm, retaining the gallery's well-known name. Under Richards' direction, the gallery prospered. Richards promoted the works of painter Winslow Homer, developing a market for his watercolors in Boston. He incorporated the gallery in 1902 and served as the treasurer and financier until his death in 1922 at 80 years old. The gallery then reorganized; Arthur McKean, who joined in 1911, became manager, and J.L. (Joe) Richards became treasurer. Fergus Turner, who joined the firm as a salesman in 1885 and became president in 1902, retained his role as president until 1938.

Over the century the gallery showcased contempory American artists, including William Morris Hunt, Dodge McKnight, William Stanley Haseltine, Laura Coombs Hills, Eliot O'Hara, Joseph Lindon Smith, Stanley Woodward, and Andrew Wyeth. The gallery also consigned paintings, prints, and objects from other major art galleries including Azeez Khayat Gallery, Kennedy Galleries, M. Knoedler and Co., Macbeth Gallery, Victor D. Spark, and Victor Waddington Galleries (Dublin, Ireland). According to long-time employee Wendell Zoehler (employed from 1929-1966), Doll & Richards' primary clientele came from the Social Register. In the summer months when wealthy Bostonians typically vacationed outside of the city, Doll & Richards remained open for tourists, many of whom became regular seasonal customers of the gallery.

The gallery experienced financial difficulties in the 1930s, leading to bankruptcy. Doll & Richards was purchased by McKean and incorporated in Maine in 1941. McKean sold Doll & Richards in 1962 to Maurice Goldberg; at this time none of the remaining family or staff were connected with the gallery. In 1973, the gallery was sold to Jeanne and Paul Sylva and closed.

Although the gallery always remained in the vicinity of Boston Common, it relocated numerous times over the years. In 1871 the gallery moved from 28 Summer Street to 145 Tremont Street. In 1878, the gallery remodeled and occupied the entire two-story building at 2 Park Street, renting out the second floor, known as the Hawthorne Room, for lectures. After thirty years on Park Street, Doll & Richards relocated to Newbury Street in 1908, beginning a succession of moves down Newbury Street approximately every twenty years, finally to 172 Newbury Street in 1962.
Related Material:
Among the other resources relating to the Doll & Richards gallery in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Wendell Zoehler conducted by Robert Brown on April 14 and April 27, 1978.
Separated Material:
A daguerroteype of Gaetano Cardinal Bedini received with the records was transferred to the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery on May 24, 2004.
Provenance:
The Doll & Richards records were donated to the Archives of American Art in numerous accessions between 1973 and 1979 by Jeanne and Paul Sylva, who purchased the gallery in 1973, and by former employee Wendell Zoehler.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Doll & Richards gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art dealers -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Financial records
Citation:
Doll & Richards gallery, 1863-1978, bulk 1902-1960s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dollrich
See more items in:
Doll & Richards gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dollrich

American Artists Group records

Creator:
American Artists Group  Search this
Names:
Ahgupuk, George Aden  Search this
Anderson, C. W. (Clarence William), 1891-1971  Search this
Avery, Ralph Hillyer, 1906-1976  Search this
Babcock, R. Fayerweather, 1887-1954  Search this
Bailey, Merrill A., 1909-  Search this
Bakós, Józef, 1891-1977  Search this
Barker, Ken, d. 1956  Search this
Behncke, Nile Jurgen, 1894-1954  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig, 1898-1962  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bolton, Clarence, 1893-1962  Search this
Botke, Cornelius, 1887-1954  Search this
Botke, Jessie Arms, 1883-1971  Search this
Boyd, Fiske, 1895-1975  Search this
Buff, Conrad, 1886-1975  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Bye, Ranulph, 1916-2003  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Cosgrave, John O'Hara, 1908-1968  Search this
Curry, John Steuart, 1897-1946  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Denison, Harold, 1887-1940  Search this
Detwiller, Fred  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Dubois, Yvonne Pène  Search this
Duvoisin, Roger, 1900-  Search this
Dwight, Mabel, 1876-1955  Search this
Eby, Kerr, 1890-1946  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Enright, Walter J. (Walter Joseph), 1879-1969  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert, 1891-1969  Search this
Freeman, Don, 1908-1978  Search this
Funk, Tom  Search this
Gaige, Richard  Search this
Ganso, Emil, 1895-1941  Search this
Golden, Samuel, 1895-1963  Search this
Golinkin, Joseph W. (Joseph Webster), 1896-  Search this
Gordon, Witold  Search this
Grant, Gordon, 1875-1962  Search this
Grant, Vernon, 1902-  Search this
Harmon, Jim  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell, 1893-1963  Search this
Helik, Peter  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Hunt, Peter, 1896?-1967  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Hutson, 1900-1971  Search this
Jacobs, Elmer, 1900-  Search this
Johnstone, Ralph Wilbur, 1911-  Search this
Kantor, Martha Ryther, 1896-1981  Search this
Karasz, Ilonka  Search this
Kent, Norman, 1903-1972  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
King, Nettie  Search this
Kleiber, Hans, 1887-1967  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina, 1889-1977  Search this
Kloss, Gene, 1903-  Search this
Komroff, Manuel, 1890-  Search this
Kotula, Jo  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Kronengold, Adolph, 1900-  Search this
Kuehne, Max, 1880-1968  Search this
Lahey, Richard, b. 1893  Search this
Landacre, Paul, 1893-  Search this
Landon, Edward, 1911-1984  Search this
Latham, Barbara, 1896-1989  Search this
Laughlin, Margaret  Search this
Lederer, Wolfgang, 1912-  Search this
Lenski, Lois, 1893-  Search this
Lewicki, James  Search this
Loeffler, Gisella, 1900-  Search this
Luce, C. A.  Search this
Luneau, Omer Joachim, 1909-  Search this
Markham, Kyra, 1891-1967  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Mays, Maxwell, 1918-  Search this
Morris, Dudley, 1912-1966  Search this
Naegele, Thomas, 1924-  Search this
Nason, Thomas W. (Thomas Willoughby), 1889-1971  Search this
Nesbitt, Alexander, 1901-  Search this
Neufeld, Woldemar, 1909-2002  Search this
Neville, Vera  Search this
Newcombe, Warren, b. 1894  Search this
Newton, Edith Whittlesey, 1878-1962?  Search this
Nichols, Dale, 1904-  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Nicolett, Frank L., b. 1887  Search this
Nordmark, Olle, b. 1890  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Pajaud, William E., 1925-  Search this
Paull, Grace, 1898-  Search this
Pellew, John C., 1903-  Search this
Pennoyer, A. Sheldon (Albert Sheldon), 1888-1957  Search this
Pescheret, Leon Rene, 1892-1961  Search this
Petroff, Gilmer, 1913-  Search this
Pike, John, 1911-1979  Search this
Pitz, Henry Clarence, 1895-1976  Search this
Plummer, Virginia  Search this
Poray, Stan, 1888-1948  Search this
Prentiss, Tina, 1905-  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Rees, Rosalie, b. 1897  Search this
Reynard, Grant T., 1887-1968  Search this
Rogers, John, 1906-  Search this
Roland, Conrad  Search this
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr, 1887-1965  Search this
Rosenberg, James N. (James Naumburg), b. 1874  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty, 1889-1971  Search this
Ross, Sanford  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Ruzicka, Rudolph, 1883-  Search this
Sample, Paul, 1896-1974  Search this
Santo, Patsy, b. 1893  Search this
Sawyer, Helen  Search this
Schaldach, William Joseph, 1896-  Search this
Schreiber, Georges, 1904-  Search this
Shane, Fred, 1906-  Search this
Sharp, John, 1911-  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Shelton, Alphonse Joseph, 1905-  Search this
Shepler, Dwight, 1905-  Search this
Shevis, William  Search this
Shokler, Harry, b. 1896  Search this
Sinclair, Gerrit Van W., 1890-1955  Search this
Slotnick, Mortimer H., 1920-  Search this
Smith, Bissell Phelps  Search this
Soderberg, Ynve Edward, 1896-1971  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Thieme, Anthony, 1888-1954  Search this
Ulreich, Nura Woodson  Search this
Vorst, Joseph Paul, b. 1897  Search this
Walker, Maynard  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich), 1895-1983  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978  Search this
Wheelock, Warren, 1880-1960  Search this
Whorf, John, 1903-1959  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962  Search this
Wiggins, Myra Albert, 1869-1956  Search this
Wilson, Edward Arthur, 1886-1970  Search this
Woiceske, Ronau William, 1887-1953  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate, 1890-1970  Search this
Extent:
12 microfilm reels
0.4 Linear feet (Unmicrofilmed)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1934-1965
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, photographs, clippings, biographical data on artists, press notices, Christmas cards, and publications documenting the organization's attempt to provide a market for artists affected by the Depression by using original work for greeting cards.
REELS NAGI-NAG12: Correspondence is between Samuel Golden, director, and artists whose work was sought. Among the correspondents are George Ahgupuk, C.W. Anderson, Ralph Avery, R. Fayerweather Babcock, Merrill A. Bailey, Jozef Bakos, Ken Barker, Nile Jurgen Behncke, Ludwig Bemelmans, Thomas H. Benton, Aaron Bohrod, Clarence Bolton, Cornelius Botke, Jessie Arms Botke, Fiske Boyd, Conrad Buff, Charles E. Burchfield, Ranulph Bye, Howard N. Cook, John O'Hara Cosgrave, John Steuart Curry, Gladys R. Davis, Harold Thomas Denison, Frederick K. Detwiller, Olin Dows, Yvonne Pène Dubois, Roger Antoine Duvoisin, Mabel Dwight, Kerr Eby, Louis M. Eilshemius, W.J. Enright, Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, Don Freeman, Tom Funk, Richard Gaige, Emil Ganso, Joseph Webster Golinkin, Witold Gordon, Gordon Grant, Vernon Grant, Jim Harmon, Dalzell Hatfield, Peter Helik, Edward Hopper, Peter Hunt,
Victoria Hutson Huntley, Elmer Jacobs, Ralph Johnstone, Ilonka Karasz, Norman Kent, Rockwell Kent, Nettie King, Hans Kleiber, Georgina Klitgaard, Gene Kloss, Manuel Komroff, Jo Kotula, Leon Kroll, Adolf Kronengold, Max Kuehne, Richard Lahey, Paul Hambleton Landacre, Edward Landon, Barbara Latham, Margaret Laughlin, Wolfgang Lederer, Lois Lenski, James Lewicki, Gisella Loeffler, C. A. Luce, Omer Luneau, Kyra Markham, Reginald Marsh, Maxwell Mays, Dudley Morris, Thomas F. Naegele, Thomas W. Nason, Alexander Nesbitt, Vera Neville, Woldemar Neufeld, Warren Newcombe, Edith Newton, Dale Nichols, Hobart Nichols, Frank L. Nicolet, Olle Nordmark, Jose Clemente Orozco,
William E. Pajaud, Virginia Plummer, Grace Paull, John C. Pellew, A. Sheldon Pennoyer, Leon Pescheret, Gilmer Petroff, John Pike, Henry C. Pitz, Stan Poray, Tina Prentiss, Gregorio Prestopino, Rosalie Rees, Grant Reynard, John Rogers,Conrad Roland, Arnold Ronnebeck, Ruth Starr Rose, James N. Rosenberg, Doris Rosenthal, Sanford Ross, Andree Ruellan, Rudolph Ruzicka, Martha Ryther,Paul Sample, Patsy Santo, Helen Sawyer, William J. Schaldach, Georges Schreiber,Frederick Shane, John Sharp, Charles Sheeler, Millard Sheets, Alphonse Shelton, Dwight Shepler, William Shevis, Harry Shokler, Gerrit V. Sinclair, Mortimer Slotnick, Bissell Phelps Smith, Yngve Edward Soderberg, Harry Sternberg, Anthony Thieme, Nura Ulreich, Joseph P. Vorst, Maynard Walker, Heinz Warneke,Stow Wengenroth, John Whorf, Warren F. Wheelock, Harry H. Wickey, Guy Wiggins, Myra A. Wiggins, Edward A. Wilson, Ronau W. Woiceske, Stanley W. Woodward, and others.
UNMICROFILMED: A portfolio of 106 Christmas cards, with the evelopes and original packing materials, printed and distributed by the American Artists Group in 1935. This is a nearly complete set (missing only two cards) and the first set published by the group. Also included are three publications: "Handbook of the American Artists Group," 1935, "Original Etchings, Lithographs, and Woodcuts Published by the American Artists Group," 1937, and "Ten Years, A Christmas Card Adventure," ca. 1944
Biographical / Historical:
Greeting card company. Founded 1934; New York, N.Y. One of its aims was to popularize contemporary American art by publishing fine reproductions of original etchings, lithographs, drawings and paintings on greeting cards.
Provenance:
Materials on reels NAG1-12 lent for microfilming by the American Artists Group, 1966-1968. Unmicrofilmed material donated 1994 by Allen P. Golden, son of Samuel Golden who founded the American Artists Group.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Marketing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Reproduction  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.amerartg
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-amerartg

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