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The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection

Extent:
7 videotapes (Reference copies). 12 digital .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1991
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
Ramunas Kondratas, curator at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), documented the history, development, commercialization and applications of fluorescence activated cell sorting instrumentation. Sessions were recorded January 30, 1991 at San Jose, California; February 1, 1991 at Palo Alto, California; April 19, 1991 at Washington, D.C.; and June 28, 1991 at Providence, Rhode Island.

Several participants were also interviewed on audiotape. They include Bach, Christiaanse, Fulwyler, Leonard Herzenberg, Leonore Herzenberg, Kudravcev, Mhatre, Recktenwald, Rotman, Shoor, and Van Dilla. The audiotapes and transcripts complement the videotape sessions and are available through the Division of Medical Sciences, National Museum of American History. Inventing the Cell Sorter, an edited program on the history of the machine, accompanies the collection as supplemental material. This tape, Inventing the Cell Sorter, may not be copied without the permission of Ramunas Kondratas.

This collection consists of four interview sessions, totalling approximately 10:20 hours of recordings and 203 pages of transcript.

Audiotapes: Several participants were also interviewed on audiotape. The audiotapes and transcripts complement the videotape session, and are available through the Division of Medical Sciences, National Museum of American History.
Historical Note:
The cell sorter, an instrument with sophisticated optics, lasers and electronic processors, automated the task of identifying and quantitatively analyzing individual cells, and of separating and rapidly sorting closely related cell populations. By measuring the physical and chemical properties of cells, such as fluorescence, then by physically separating cells while still alive, the cell sorter became an important tool for biomedical research and clinical medicine.

The first prototype sorter was built at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in 1965 by physicist Mack J. Fulwyler by joining a Coulter volume sensor with the newly-invented ink jet printer. The first biologist who clearly saw uses for the Los Alamos instrument, especially for the study of immunological properties of cells, was Leonard Herzenberg of Stanford University. With Fulwyler's plans, Herzenberg obtained the cooperation of engineers in the Genetics Department's Instrumentation Research Laboratory at Stanford to build an instrument to sort live cells using fluorescence. Two successful prototypes were built -- a 1969 instrument that employed a mercury arc lamp as light source and a 1972 version which used an argon ion laser to detect cells tagged with fluorescent markers. Funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) allowed Herzenberg and the Stanford engineers to interest the medical products company Becton Dickinson (BD) to convert their prototypes into the first commercial instruments, the FACS (Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter) in 1975.

Interviewees included scientists, engineers, managers, and physicians from Becton Dickinson Immunocytometry Systems (BDIS), Stanford University, Brown University, and LANL. Bruce Allen Bach received his B.S. in biology and his M.A. in molecular biology from Stanford University in 1973 and 1974, respectively. He was awarded his Ph.D. in immunology from Harvard Medical School in 1979 and a M.D. from the Washington University School of Medicine in 1981. After completing his residency at the University of California Affiliated Hospitals, Bach accepted the position of Associate Scientific Member of the Howard Hughes Medical Research Institute in 1984. From 1985 to 1987 he served as a physician at two San Francisco area hospitals. In 1989, he was appointed Corporate Medical Director of BDIS, and held that position concurrently with his 1991 appointment as director of BD's worldwide clinical trials group.

Mack Jett Fulwyler received his B.S. in physics from Idaho State College in 1961 and his Ph.D. in biophysics from the University of Colorado in 1969. From 1961 to 1967, Fulwyler worked at LANL where he developed particle separators and sorters. In 1971, he accepted the position of President of Particle Technology, Inc. In 1977, after completing a two year fellowship at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, Fulwyler returned to the U.S. to serve as Technical Director for BD FACS System Division. He retired from that position in 1982 and accepted a professorship at the University of California, San Francisco. Since 1990, Fulwyler served as Director of Technical Development for the Trancel Corporation.

After receiving his B.A. in biology and chemistry from Brooklyn College in 1952 and his Ph.D. in biochemistry and immunology from the California Institute of Technology in 1955, Leonard A. Herzenberg accepted a postdoctoral fellowship from the American Cancer Society to conduct research at the Pasteur Institute in France. Herzenberg returned to the U.S. in 1957 to serve as an officer for the Public Health Service at the National Institutes of Health. In 1959, he accepted the position of Assistant Professor in the Department of Genetics at Stanford University and was eventually appointed Professor of Genetics.

Leonore A. Herzenberg attended classes at Pomona College and the California Institute of Technology during the mid-1950s. In 1981, she was awarded the degree of Docteur des Sciences Naturelles from the Sorbonne University in Paris. During the 1950s, she served as a research assistant at the California Institute of Technology, the Pasteur Institute, and the National Institutes of Health. In 1959, she accepted the position of Research Assistant in the Department of Genetics and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Stanford University. Subsequently, she was appointed Senior Research Assistant in those departments in 1963 and Research Associate in 1967. From 1973 to 1989, she worked as a Research Associate and Senior Research Associate solely in the Department of Genetics. In 1989, she was appointed professor in the Genetics Department.

Mark A. Krasnow received his B.S. in biology and chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1978. He was awarded his Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1983, and his M.D. in 1985, from the University of Chicago. In 1988, he was appointed Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the Stanford University School of Medicine. His research interests include the biochemical mechanisms of transcriptional regulation and cell to cell interactions in the development of Drosophila.

Nagesh S. Mhatre, president of BDIS, was awarded a B.S. from Bombay University, an M.S. from Oregon State University, and a Ph.D. in biochemistry-microbiology from Rutgers University. Before being appointed president in 1983, Mhatre held a variety of positions with Becton Dickinson & Company. Previously, he was with Miles Laboratory for seventeen years.

After receiving his B.S. in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1986, Monty Montano conducted research at the University of California, San Francisco on the use of recombinant DNA applied to clinical genetics. Montano began a doctoral program in genetics at Stanford University in 1988.

Wayne A. Moore received his B.S. in mathematics and science from Stanford University in 1976. From 1972, he worked as a lab assistant and programmer at the Stanford Department of Genetics and was later appointed Senior Scientific Programmer of that department.

From 1970 to 1974, Thomas Nozaki, Jr., served as an electronics engineer at the Stanford Computation Center. After receiving his B.S. in electrical engineering from California State University in 1974, Nozaki joined the Stanford Department of Genetics as a research and development electronics engineer.

Richard E. Owen, Director of Instrument Operations for BDIS, joined the company in 1988 as Manufacturing Engineering Manager. Prior to joining BDIS, he was Director of Thorn EMI Datatech Ltd. in England. He holds a Higher National Certificate in Applied Physics from Southeast London Technical College, a B.A. in Management from St. Marys College in Moraga, California, and is a graduate of the Institute of Electronic and Radio Engineers.

David R. Parks received his B.S. from Grinnell College in 1967, and his Ph.D. in physics from Stanford University in 1973. From 1973 to 1974 he worked as a Field Assistant and Project Manager in environmental studies at the Missouri Botanical Garden. In 1975, he returned to Stanford University as a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Genetics. In 1981, he accepted the position of Research Associate in that department and held that position concurrently with his appointment as director of the Shared Cell Sorter Facility in 1983.

In 1981 Diether J. Recktenwald joined BDIS as a Senior Research Scientist; he was appointed research group leader and later associate scientific director. Prior to BDIS, he was a visiting scientist at Stanford University and a senior research associate at the Max Planck Institute. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry and biophysics from Ruhruniversitat Bochum in Germany, and an M.S. and B.S. from Universitat des Saarlandes Saarbrucken, also in Germany.

Marcos Boris Rotman received his M.S. in chemical engineering from the University F. Santa Maria in Chile in 1948, and his Ph.D. in microbiology, organic chemistry, and biochemistry from the University of Illinois in 1952. After completing his degree, he served a year as a research associate at the University of Illinois, and then moved to the University of Wisconsin to work in the laboratory of Joshua Lederberg from 1953 to 1956. In 1959, Rotman became Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the Albany Medical School, and in 1961 moved to the Department of Genetics at Stanford as a Research Associate. From 1961 to 1966, he served as head of the biochemistry section of the Syntex Institute for Molecular Biology, located at Stanford. In 1966, Rotman left Stanford to become professor of Medical Science at Brown University. In 1990, he was awarded the title of Professor Emeritus.

Bernie Shoor completed his B.A. in physics from New York University in 1946. After receiving his degree, he worked for the Army Signal Corps and subsequently the Sperry Gyroscope Company. In 1966, Shoor began working for Endevco Corporation, a small scientific instrument company which was eventually bought by BD. In 1970, Shoor became manager of BD's Mountain View, California, laboratory. In 1977, he accepted the position of Corporate Vice-President of Research and Design at BD's headquarters in New Jersey. In 1981, he returned to California to establish the BD Monoclonal Center. Shoor retired from BD in 1984 but has continued to serve as a consultant for the company.

After receiving his B.S. in mechanical engineering in 1965, and his M.S. in theoretical and applied mechanics in 1967 from Cornell University, Richard T. Stovel worked as a Research Engineer at Lockheed Missiles and Space Company analyzing the structural dynamics of missile systems. In 1972, he joined the Stanford University Department of Genetics as a Physical Science and Engineering Technician working on the operation and development of the prototype cell sorting machine. In 1976, he was appointed Research and Development Engineer of the Genetics Department where he continued his research in fluid jet behavior.

Richard G. Sweet received his B.S. in electrical engineering in 1947. From 1947 to 1951, he worked as a design engineer on telephone systems at the Southern California Edison Company. In 1951, he accepted the position of Senior Design Engineer at Gilfillan Bros. Inc., developing electronics equipment for radar systems. Sweet joined Stanford University Electronics Labs in 1956 as a research associate where he developed, most notably, high speed ink jet recording systems. After a decade at Stanford, Sweet accepted the position of Senior Engineer at Varian Associates in 1966 and worked on developing instrumentation for classifying and sorting small particles. In 1971, he travelled as a visiting scientist to the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center to conduct research on non-impact printing systems. Since 1986, Sweet has served as a consultant to both the Herzenberg Laboratory and to BDIS.

After receiving his B.S. from City College of New York in 1939 and his Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951, Marvin A. Van Dilla worked in the radiobiology laboratory at the University of Utah. In 1957, he joined the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as the biophysics group leader. Van Dilla left Los Alamos in 1972 to become the cytophysics Section Leader of the Biomedical Sciences Division at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. In 1983, he was appointed Leader of the Gene Library Project at Livermore.

Nicholas Veizades was awarded his B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 1958, and his M.S. in engineering sciences from Stanford University in 1961. He joined the Stanford Department of Genetics in 1962 and worked in the Instrumentation Research Laboratory on biomedical instrumentation.
Rights:
Restricted. "Inventing the Cell Sorter" film cannot be reproduced. Contact SIHistory@si.edu for more details.
Topic:
Fluorescence activated cell sorter  Search this
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Biology  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Bioengineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Molecular biology  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Flow cytometry  Search this
Cell separation  Search this
Cytometry  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9554, The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9554
See more items in:
The History of the Cell Sorter Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9554

Prototype Model PDQ-1900 Smart Phone

Maker:
Qualcomm  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/4 in x 2 1/4 in x 1 1/8 in; 15.875 cm x 5.715 cm x 2.8575 cm
Object Name:
smart phone
cellular telephone
Date made:
1999
Credit Line:
Gift of Qualcomm Inc., from the Paul Jacobs Collection
ID Number:
2015.0118.01
Accession number:
2015.0118
Catalog number:
2015.0118.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Electricity
Communications
Exhibition:
Inventing in America
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-24c5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1694475
Online Media:

Journal of separation science

Title:
JSS
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
2001
C2001-
Topic:
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Chromatographic analysis  Search this
Call number:
QD117.C5 J86
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_674794

[Trade catalogs from Polysciences, Inc.]

Company Name:
Polysciences, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Polysciences Europe GmbH (Eppelheim, Germany) ; Polysciences, Ltd. (Mountain Park, Northampton, United Kingdom)  Search this
Notes content:
Hematoxylin certified crystal ; "Polybead" microparticles ; material science products ; SEM products ; scanning probe microscopy products ; TEM products ; optical microscopy products ; histology products ; monomers ; polymers ; biochemicals ; chemicals ; separation technology ; laboratory supplies and equipment
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
9 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Warrington, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Optical instruments  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_34288
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_34288

[Trade catalogs from Osmonics, Inc.]

Variant company name:
Founded 1969  Search this
Company Name:
Osmonics, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Minnetonka, MN  Search this
Notes content:
membrane separation technology ; "Osmo" process evaluation systems ; porta pure machines ; reverse osmosis system ; "Osmo" pure water ; "Osmo" portable reverse osmosis machines ; pollution control systems ; pure water systems ; Annual Report (1971) ; "Tonkaflo" centrifugal pumps ; "Reverse osmosis replaces evaporation in biological concentration" ; "Custom membrane offers high flux extends ultrafilter life in enzyme production" ; ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis systems brochure
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
13 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Hopkins, Minnesota, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Engineering consultants and contractors  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Medical and surgical instruments and supplies  Search this
Waste Management (including water treatment; recycling; refuse collection; industrial waste; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
"Recycling (Waste, etc.)"  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Consulting engineers  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus industry  Search this
Refuse and refuse disposal  Search this
Refuse disposal industry  Search this
Surgical instruments and apparatus industry  Search this
Water -- Purification  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_37212
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_37212

[Trade catalogs from Ionics, Inc.]

Company Name:
Ionics, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Separations Technology Div.; Medical Products Div.  Search this
Notes content:
Protein desalting system; electrodialysis system. Metal recovery system for industrial wastewaters; instruments for water pollution monitoring and process control.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
10 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Watertown, Massachusetts, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Waste Management (including water treatment; recycling; refuse collection; industrial waste; etc.)  Search this
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
"Recycling (Waste, etc.)"  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Refuse and refuse disposal  Search this
Refuse disposal industry  Search this
Water -- Purification  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_22268
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_22268

[Trade catalogs from EM Industries, Inc.]

Company Name:
EM Industries, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
EM Separations Technology (div.) ; Merck KGaA (US associate of Merck in Darmstadt, Germany) ; EM Laboratories, Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Chromatography supplies ; reagents ; high purity solvents ; HPLC columns ; analytical instruments ; "ChromNews" issue (Vol. 3, No. 2)
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists and samples
Black and white images
Color images
Types of samples:
Ni++ -Test & TLC SiO2F
Physical description:
128 pieces; 3 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Gibbstown, New Jersey, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Optical instruments  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_14410
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_14410

[Trade catalogs on chromatography equipment and supplies : columns, reversed phase silica, adsorbents, cyclodextrins, solid phase extraction cartridges, vacuum manifolds, column heater/coolers, beam boost photochemical reactors, ferrule savers, fittings, tubing straighteners ... ]

Author:
Advanced Separation Technologies Inc  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<10> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1984
1984-
Topic:
Chromatographic analysis equipment industry  Search this
Call number:
053306
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_702644

[Trade catalogs on silver recovery equipment for photographic fixing baths ... ]

Author:
N.B. Aukerman Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<1> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
192u
[192-?]-
Topic:
Silver--Electrometallurgy  Search this
Photographic emulsions  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Call number:
053478
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_704802

[Trade catalogs on steel storage tanks, oil field products (oil and gas separators, line heaters, seam testers, flanges, flange cutters) ... ]

Author:
American Pipe & Steel Corporation  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<4> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1951
[1951?]-
Topic:
Storage tanks  Search this
Oil field equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Flanges  Search this
Oil separators  Search this
Call number:
052359
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_684824

[Trade catalogs on coal washing, coal preparation, coal separation, coal filtering ... ]

Author:
American Coal Cleaning Corporation  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<6> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1930
[1930?]-
Topic:
Coal washing  Search this
Coal preparation  Search this
Filters and filtration  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Call number:
052263
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_684854

Chiral separations : applications and technology / Satinder Ahuja, editor

Author:
Ahuja, Satinder 1933-  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 349 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Chirality--Industrial applications  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_536412

From liquid to vapor and back : four centuries of the first chemical separation process : checklist of an exhibition at the Hugh M. Morris Library / compiled by Lois Fischer Black

Author:
University of Delaware Library  Search this
Black, Lois Fischer  Search this
Brynteson, Susan  Search this
Schreyer, Alice D  Search this
Subject:
University of Delaware Library  Search this
Unidel History of Chemistry Collection Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 31 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1991
Topic:
Distillation--Exhibitions  Search this
Distillation apparatus--Exhibitions  Search this
Separation (Technology)--Exhibitions  Search this
Chemistry--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
Z881.N5 U58f 1991
Z881.N5U58f 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_411316

Crystallization as a separations process / Allan S. Myerson, editor, Ken Toyokura, editor

Author:
Myerson, Allan S. 1952-  Search this
Toyokura, Ken 1933-  Search this
International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (1989 : Honolulu, Hawaii)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 419 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
Crystallization--Congresses  Search this
Separation (Technology)--Congresses  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_480179

Separation methods in organic chemistry and biochemistry [by] Frank J. Wolf

Author:
Wolf, Frank James 1916-  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 237 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1969
Topic:
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Chemistry, Organic  Search this
Biochemistry  Search this
Call number:
QD63.S4 W853
QD63.S4W853
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1615

New biochemical separations. Edited by A. T. James and L. J. Morris

Author:
James, A. T  Search this
Morris, L. J (Lindsay Johnston)  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 424 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
[1964]
Topic:
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Biochemistry  Search this
Call number:
QD63.S4 J28
QD63.S4J28
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_27788

Separation methods in chemical analysis [by] James M. Miller

Author:
Miller, James M  Search this
Physical description:
x, 309 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
[1974, c1975]
Topic:
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Chemistry, Analytic  Search this
Call number:
QD63.S4 M54X
QD63.S4M54X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_45166

Methods of protein separation / edited by Nicholas Catsimpoolas

Author:
Catsimpoolas, Nicholas  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
[1975-
Topic:
Proteins  Search this
Separation (Technology)  Search this
Biochemistry  Search this
Call number:
QD431 .M47X
QD431.M47X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_62282

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