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William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films

Creator:
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
82 Photographic prints
242 Negatives (photographic)
211 Slides
2 Film reels (8mm)
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Innu [Ekuanitshit (Mingan)]  Search this
Innu [Pakuashipi (Saint Augustin)]  Search this
Seneca [Tonawanda]  Search this
Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]  Search this
Innu [Moisie]  Search this
Innu [Unaman Shipit (Romaine)]  Search this
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi) [Utshimassit (Davis Inlet)]  Search this
Attikamekw (Tete De Boule Cree)  Search this
Seneca [Allegany]  Search this
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Miccosukee Seminole (Mikasuki)  Search this
Attikamekw (Tete De Boule Cree) [Weymontachie Band, Saint Maurice River, Quebec] Cree  Search this
Mohawk [Kahnawake (Caughnawaga)]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Slides
Film reels
Negatives
Color slides
Photographs
Date:
1938-1974
Summary:
This collection consists of photographic views made by William Stiles in New York, Rhode Island, Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina, Newfoundland and Quebec, among the Attikamekw (Tete De Boule Cree), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Innu, Miccosukee Seminole (Mikasuki), Mohawk [Kahnawake (Caughnawaga)], Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi) [Utshimassit (Davis Inlet)], Narragansett, Niantic, Onondaga, Seminole, and Seneca communities. These were made while Stiles was a staff member of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation from 1938-1974.
Scope and Contents:
The Stiles collection consists of photographs and films made by William Stiles on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation from 1938 to 1974. More than half of these document the life of Innu peoples of Quebec, Canada, in the years 1952, 1958, 1959, and 1964. They depict Innu men, women, and children, and food preparation, dwellings, fishing, canoes, settlements, the preparation of animal skins, and ceremonials. Stiles photographed among the Seminole and Miccosukee peoples of Florida in 1939, 1940, 1941, 1966, and 1974. He also variously photographed the Narragansett and Niantic peoples of Rhode Island, the Onondaga on the Onondaga Reservation, the Eastern Band of Cherokee in North Carolina, the Seneca of New York, the Attikamekw (Tete De Boule Cree) and the Mohawk of Quebec, and the Mushuaunnuat of Labrador. He also photographed various archaeological sites in New York State, Mississippi, and South Carolina. There are also two 8mm film reels titled "Nascapi Indians at Davis Inlet, Labrador, New Foundland" that were made in the summer of 1965.
Negtatives include: N21703-N21711, N21792-N21802, N22300-N22310, N22481-N22484, N22594-N22597, N22630, N22705-N22710, N22722, N23504, N23581-N23585, N23675-N23684, N26086-N23585, N23675-N23684, N26086-N26100, N26109-N26126, N26186-N26188, N29562-N29604, N32844-N32867, N33295-N33343, N41162-N41186.

Photographic prints include: P13375-P13385, P13431-P13438, P15331-P15346, P15770-P15773, P15885-P15889, P16102, P17154, P17212-P17217, P17282-P17284, P18537-P18551, P18586, P19991-P20002)

Slides include: S02005-S02178, S02389, S04518-S04519, S04559-S04575, S04675-S04678, S04694-S04702, S04753-S04760.
Arrangement note:
This collection has been intelectually arranged into four series and subseries geographically and then chronologically within each subseries.

Series 1: Expedtions in New York, 1938-1973; Series 2: Expeditions in Canada, 1940-1965; Series 3: Expeditions in the Southeastern, United States, 1939-1974; Series 4: Nebraska, Rhode Island and Other Locations, 1939-1942, undated.

Physically arranged by negative "N", print "P" or slide "S" number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Before joining the staff of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in May 1938, William F. Stiles was George G. Heye's personal driver. An employee of the Museum for almost forty years, Stiles retired in March 1978 as the Curator of Collections. Although Stiles published very little, he was an active field collector and participated in numerous archaeological expeditions. As is evident from his photographs of the Innu and Seminole peoples, he often visited individual communities more than once and over the course of several years.

Stiles Expeditions for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation

1938 Summer -- Cayuga County Expedition.

1939 October -- Expedition to Pennsylvania and New York.

1939 November – 1940 January -- F. K. Seward and William F. Stiles Florida Expedition.

1941 -- Trip to North Carolina and Florida.

1942 -- Trip to Putnam County, New York.

1946 -- Expedition to Mississippi.

1952 June -- Expedition to Québec, Canada.

1953 June-July -- Expedition to Québec, Canada.

1957 July -- Expedition along St. Lawrence River, Canada.

1959 August -- Expedition to Québec, Canada.

1960-1967 -- William F. Stiles Southeast Expedition. Stiles began expeditions to the Southeastern U.S. in Spring and Fall of 1960. He returned to the Southeast each Oct - Nov. through 1966 conducting investigations and excavations in South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, and North Carolina and Florida returning to some sites multiple times.

1961-1965 -- William F. Stiles Savannah Farms Expedition. Preliminary investigation began in Nov 1961 and work continued each year during the fall until 1965.

1964 May-June -- Expedition to Québec, Canada.

1965 June-July -- Stanley R. Grant Naskapi Expedition to Davis Inlet, Labrador, Canada.

1966 June-July -- Expedition to Labrador, Newfoundland, and Québec, Canada

1972 October -- Expedition to Seneca Reservations, New York.

1972 October-December -- Expedition to Tennessee.

1973 April -- Expedition to Seneca Reservations, New York.

1974 November -- Expedition to the Southeast: North Carolina and Florida.
Separated Materials:
Correspondence and field notes from William Stiles can be found in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records in Box 200.13, Box 201.7, Box 274.3-275.9, Box 305.1-305.2, Box 307.21, Box 312.11-312.17.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Florida  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Mississippi  Search this
Indians of North America -- New York (State)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Rhode Island  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New York (State)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- South Carolina  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Color slides
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films, NMAI.AC.001.014, item #; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.014
See more items in:
William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ebf62231-9761-49fa-b7b5-22d6ab5be5cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-014

Expeditions in New York State

Collection Creator:
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seneca [Tonawanda]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1942
1972-1973
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films, NMAI.AC.001.014, item #; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.014, Series 1
See more items in:
William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4eb0d0d03-2f93-439d-9fb0-e05081de6760
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-014-ref509

Other locations in New York state

Collection Creator:
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Extent:
12 Photographic prints
4 Negatives (photographic)
19 Slides
Culture:
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seneca [Tonawanda]  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Slides
Date:
1938-1942
1972-1973
Scope and Contents:
This subseries includes photographic prints and negatives made in Onondaga Nation, 1938 (P13436-P13468); Tuscarora Nation, 1940 (N22594-N22597, P15332); Niagara and Cattaraugus counties, 1941 (P15339-P15342); and Putnam County, 1942 (P15770-P15773.) This series also includes slides made in the Seneca [Cattaraugus] and Seneca [Tonawanda] communities, 1972-1973, on a trip to Cattaraugus and Erie County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films, NMAI.AC.001.014, item #; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.014, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films
William F. Stiles collection of photographs and films / Series 1: Expeditions in New York State
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4565b7d9d-92c1-458a-b00a-b6253ec81840
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-014-ref512

"Hiawatha: the Indian Passion Play" performance photographs

Creator:
Moore, F. E. (Frank E.)  Search this
Names:
Cornplanter, Jesse J.  Search this
Extent:
98 Photographic prints
18 Copy negatives
Culture:
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Cattaraugus (N.Y.)
Date:
1906
Summary:
This collection include souvenir photographs shot by producer Frank E. Moore of his 1906 outdoor stage production of "Hiawatha: The Indian Passion Play" based on Longfellow's epic poem The Song of Hiawatha. This production of Hiawatha was performed near the Cattaraugus Reservation, New York, and included Seneca [Cattaraugus] performers, possibly with Jesse Cornplanter in the role of Hiawatha.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 98 photographic prints from a souvenir book of a 1906 performance of "The Song of Hiawatha" produced by Frank E. Moore. The performance was held on the shore of Lake Chautauqua near the Cattaraugus Reservation. It is very likely that several of the performers photographed in this collection were also a part of the 1913 film production of Hiawatha, also produced by Frank E. Moore. This includes Jesse Cornplanter, in the role of Hiawatha, and his father Edward Cornplanter. The photographs show scenes from the theatrical production featuring characters such as Hiawatha, Minnehaha, Nokomis, and Pau-Puk-keewis. 18 copy negatives were later made from the photographic prints.
Prints: P04612-P04709; Copy Negatives: N35315-N35332
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
"Song of Hiawatha":
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow first published the epic poem, Song of Hiawatha, in 1855. By 1900, the poem had been translated into 20 different European languages as well as back into the Ojibwe language at the turn of the century ushering in a "Hiawatha Revival" that captured American Imaginations. In 1901, Louis Oliver Armstrong, an amateur ethnologist and land agent for the Canadian Pacific Railroad, wrote a new libretto from the Longfellow poem in English and Ojibwe which was first prepared with Garden River Anishinaabeg community members as actors. His performances, or "Pageants," became regular events which led to additional versions and tours around the United States. Not long after Armstrong discontinued his show in 1905, Frank E. Moore created his own version. Originally from Middletown, Ohio, Moore gathered a large cast of Native performers from various tribal communities including many actors from the Seneca Nation on the Cattaraugus Reservation. Moore continued the tradition of large outdoor pageant performances of "Hiawatha" which were performed along a body of water and featured Native actors performing traditional dances and wearing "Native" costumes alongside narration of Longfellow's poem.

In 1913 Frank E. Moore produced the stage version of Hiawatha into a film, hiring Jesse Cornplanter (Seneca) to play Hiawatha. Jesse Cornplanter had previously accompanied his father, Edward Cornplanter, acting and singing in the Hiawatha pageant on tour through the United States and Europe. "Hiawatha" was shot in upstate New York and northern Michigan by Moore and was the first feature film to use an all-Native cast, with reportedly 150 actors from the Cattaraugus Reservation. A twenty-eight-minute cut is housed in the American Film Institute's collection in the Library of Congress.

Sources:

McNally, Michael D. "The Indian Passion Play: Contesting the Real Indian in "Song of Hiawatha" Pageants, 1901-1965," American Quarterly Vol. 58, No. 1 (March 2006), pp. 105-136.

Evans, Katy Young. "The People's Pageant: The Stage as Native Space in Anishinaabe Dramatic Interpretations of "Hiawatha"," Melus Vol. 41, No. 2 (Summer 2016), pp. 124-146.
Related Materials:
Library of Congress, Lot 8218, "Scenes from theatrical production of Hiawatha, Lake Chautauqua, New York."
Provenance:
Gift of Reginald P. Bolton, 1918.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Theatrical productions  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); "Hiawatha: the Indian Passion Play" performance photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.162; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.162
See more items in:
"Hiawatha: the Indian Passion Play" performance photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40a276800-0d72-4e32-835e-10800737ef82
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-162
Online Media:

[Sturtevant SR 67]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 516
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Reel No. I-Seneca-Cattaraugus; Track 1. Solon Jones-origin of False Faces, V-7-57, 0-1:30; Solon Jones, tob. Prayer to FF in curing, V-9-57, 1:40-1:51; Solon Jones-tob. Prayer to FF in LH, sprig & fall, V-10-57, 1:53-2:24; Solon Jones-oyatá-?ke-à? (song), V-13-57, 2:20-2:30; Solon Jones-signal for starting tug of war, V-13-57, 2:31-2:35; Solon Jones-Thanks to FF participant, V-13-57, 2:37-2:47; Solon Jones-tobacco prayer in Sun Ceremony, V-14-57, 2:50-3:46; Solon Jones-Prayer before False Faces start house rounds, V-17-57, 3:47-3:56; Solon Jones-Prayer in house when someone asks for ashes blowing on FF rounds, V-17-57, 3:59-4:01; Solon Jones-Pounding corn in LH cookhouse-(rattle = stoves, dishes, etc), V-18-57, 4:03-4:29; Solon Jones-1. Prayer to give power to new FF, 4:30-4:41, 2. Prayer when transfer FF to new owner, 4:44-4:52, V-25-57; Solon Jones-Myth re FF & "elf" contest, VI-14-57, 4:53-5:08; Solon Jones-Speech at ceremony making ritual friends, VI-23, 5:12-5:30
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
William C. Sturtevant papers / Series 13: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38621adb7-ff9c-4bbf-9ee1-70a2bbb1bb4c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref15298

[Sturtevant SR 68]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 516
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Reel No. II-Seneca Cattaraugus; Track 1-Conversation & comments while group looked at False Face photos (set 1) at Sherman Cook's, V-1957, 0-6:20; Track 2-Same, Mrs. Worthington Green et al. (set 2) cont'd on Reel 3; V-26-57, 0-end
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
William C. Sturtevant papers / Series 13: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw337f17dfb-66ee-4bcd-9651-bce292a37964
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref15300

[Sturtevant SR 69]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 516
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Reel No. III-Seneca-Cattaraugus; Track 1-Continuation (fr. II) of session lkng. At FF photos set 2, Mrs. W. Green et al: a. Comments on FF photos, 0-3:06, b. Mrs. G's account of her FF sickness, 3:06-5:32, V-26-57
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
William C. Sturtevant papers / Series 13: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a08f24fb-b622-489e-9273-feef54e6072d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref15302

Indians

Culture/People:
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jesse Cornplanter (Hah Yonh Wonh Ish [He Strokes the Rushes]/Jesse James Cornplanter), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1889-1957  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Donor:
Joseph Keppler, Jr. (Udo J. Keppler/Gyantwaka), Non-Indian, 1872-1956  Search this
Title:
Indians
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, watercolor
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
18.3 x 11.3 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Cattaraugus Reservation; Erie County, Cattaraugus County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
20/5846
Barcode:
205846.000
See related items:
Seneca [Cattaraugus]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62c3e84a2-3f6c-472e-894f-1d1dfca3a8bd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_219945
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Iroquoian (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
AD 1575–1700
Catalog Number:
2969
Barcode:
002969.000
See related items:
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e4b02583-900c-4498-88d8-ee75344def1e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2695
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Iroquoian (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
AD 1575–1700
Catalog Number:
2970
Barcode:
002970.000
See related items:
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fa87d441-6816-437f-a14b-71b82bf77975
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2696
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2971
Barcode:
002971.000
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6149caecd-50ae-46f0-b9a2-a4ce7127ba49
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2697
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2972
Barcode:
002972.000
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62529bf26-acc3-4d04-bc8a-287ca0fdf26f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2698
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2973
Barcode:
002973.000
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws623da6b2c-5dc4-475e-a8f3-2667b518c59c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2699
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Iroquoian (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
AD 1575–1700
Catalog Number:
2974
Barcode:
002974.000
See related items:
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d278c28e-4732-4298-a518-45fe2520dcb8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2700
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Late Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000 BC–AD 1700 (Late Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2975
Barcode:
002975.000
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d2d7bc44-93b5-4d6d-8a08-e0acc4cea732
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2701
Online Media:

Boiling stone/ball

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Boiling stone/ball
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2976
Barcode:
002976.000
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e7133620-70ca-4d16-aebe-d8e9ca598c2a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2702
Online Media:

Pipe

Culture/People:
probably Iroquoian (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
probably AD 1580–1650
Catalog Number:
2977
Barcode:
002977.000
See related items:
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60ad51879-c367-4a93-b63e-36e9b90761aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2704
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Late Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000 BC–AD 1700 (Late Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
2978
Barcode:
002978.000
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60ec8fc3c-4260-425b-a674-9bbd98f3c1e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2705
Online Media:

Celt

Culture/People:
possibly Iroquoian (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Celt
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Woodworking tools
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
AD 1575–1700
Catalog Number:
2979
Barcode:
002979.000
See related items:
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Woodworking tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69828deef-e68b-40a5-9ef6-a12d807bbfa7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2706
Online Media:

Bowl (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Non-Indian (archaeological); probably used by Iroquoian peoples  Search this
Collector:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Previous owner:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller:
John Kennedy, Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Seller agent:
Dr. Arthur C. Parker (Arthur Caswell Parker/Ga-wa-so-wa-neh), Seneca [Cattaraugus], 1881-1955  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Lead
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
4 miles from Lake Erie; Cattaraugus Creek; Erie County, Chautauqua County; New York; USA
Date created:
AD 1600–1680
Catalog Number:
2980
Barcode:
002980.000
See related items:
Non-Indian (archaeological)
Iroquoian (archaeological)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a48e69ad-2f61-4cd1-bb5b-1595d4777c67
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_2707

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