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Diary

Collection Collector:
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Container:
Box 39, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Robinson and Via Family Papers
Robinson and Via Family Papers / Series 2: Robinson Family / 2.6: Robinson, Franklin A. / 2.6.1: Correspondence, diaries, personal ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c69fd212-5fa6-426e-8f82-ac71a4266346
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0475-ref167
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary digital asset number 1
  • View Diary digital asset number 2

Seminole Album by Osceola-Mesahukey Baptist Singer

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Florida
United States
Contents:
5 tracks
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-1493
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: United States, Florida.
General:
CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Baptists  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-1493
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5b1a219d9-0f21-4b9d-ae13-a1d14655477b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref19961

Songs of the Seminole Indians of Florida: Recordings from the Library of Congress

Recorder:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Florida
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-3674
General:
CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-3674
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk55e667f8a-3d44-477a-9ef6-5adb1c336b86
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref25113

Seminole participants in a staged promotional event in West Palm Beach, Florida

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (4 1/2x6 1/4 in)
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Florida -- West Palm Beach
Date:
Mar 13 1921
Scope and Contents:
9 women and 3 children. 250218F. Photo by Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. Mimeographed label on back gives following: "Seminole Indians Out in Full Regalia for Annual Sun Dance. News Item--Each year West Palm Beach and all its society sojourners experience thr thrill of a sun dance in which Seminole Indians play the leading role. The gaily bedecked squaws dance and otherwise make merry for the fashionable onlookers. The fifth event recently held was the greatest ever put on. This photo clearly shows the type of Seminole Indian that joined in the festivities. Note the peculiar headdress and the many beads worn by them as a sign of wealth and social rank [erroneous]."
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.44353 H
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Underwood & Underwood
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35076c00e-7426-4117-9254-d4ab66e67938
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref11401

Safety for Our Sisters: Ending Violence Against Native Women – 5 Cherrah Giles

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-03-23T17:44:01.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_KW60X2OFmOs

Bryson Jones Travelogue: Deep South, ca. 1940,

Creator:
Human Studies Film Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-08-09T20:01:05.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
See more by:
HSFAFilmClips
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
YouTube Channel:
HSFAFilmClips
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_xyyFblJRndQ

Seminole Indian dug out canoe 1937

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 29, Sheet 8-56
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.7: Volume 1 (East Coast), Part 3B, Number 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88242b75f-b368-42a8-9a9c-d1ef0ef01cad
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref276

J. E. Mainer's Mountaineers, Seminole Indians (Betty Mae Jumper) corn dance, Moving Star Hall Singers; Guy Carawan- presenter

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife (1969)  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Artist:
Mainer, J. E. (Joseph E.), 1898-1971  Search this
Ledford, Steve  Search this
Jumper, Betty Mae, 1923-2011  Search this
Mountaineers (Musical group)  Search this
Moving Star Hall Singers  Search this
Performer:
Mainer, J. E. (Joseph E.), 1898-1971  Search this
Ledford, Steve  Search this
Mainer, Wade, 1907-2011  Search this
Jones, Bessie, 1902-1984  Search this
Hunter, Janie  Search this
Moving Star Hall Singers  Search this
Seminole Dancers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (7 inch reel, 1/4 inch tape)
sound-tape reel (analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Appalachian Region, Southern -- Songs and music
United States
Washington (D.C.)
North Carolina
Florida
South Carolina
Date:
1969 July 5
Contents:
Mainer's Mountaineers-- Ticklish David--You'll never miss your mother until she's gone--Sally Goodin' ; Seminole Indians w/ Betty Mae Jumper; Moving Star Hall Singers with Guy Carawan--He's got the whole world in his hands--In my heart--Give me that old time religion--You better leave that trouble alone--I want Jesus to walk with me--Little Johnny Brown--Drop the handkerchief--Shake it senorita--untitled--Ranky tanky--untitled
Track Information:
101 String Band / J. E. (Joseph E.) Mainer, Steve Ledford, Wade Mainer. English language.

102 Native American Dancers / Seminole Dancers.

103 Sea Island Singers / Moving Star Hall Singers, Bessie Jones, Janie Hunter.
General note:
DPA number 69.101.53
Local Numbers:
FP-1969-7RR-0053
General:
CDR copy
69.101.53
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 5, 1969.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
String band  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Dance  Search this
Sea Islands -- Songs and music  Search this
Spirituals (Songs)  Search this
Gullah  Search this
Sea Islands  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1969, Item FP-1969-7RR-0053
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk56cf0ab9e-3f8d-4fe4-a831-1d04686791b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1969-ref223

mono dub of 69.101.13 Rev. William Carroll and Family, Seminole Indians, Maybelle Carter, Merle Travis

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife (1969)  Search this
Artist:
Carroll, William, 1912-1989  Search this
Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978  Search this
Travis, Merle  Search this
Seminole Dancers  Search this
Performer:
Carroll, William, 1912-1989  Search this
Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978  Search this
Travis, Merle  Search this
Seminole Dancers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (7 inch reel, 1/4 inch tape)
sound-tape reel (analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Appalachian Region, Southern -- Songs and music
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Virginia
Florida
Tennessee
Kentucky
Date:
1969 July 6
Contents:
William Carroll--Lean on Jesus--Down to the river--Something got a hold of me; Seminole Indians with Betty Mae Jumper; Maybelle Carter--Keep on the sunnyside--Sunshine in the shadow--Working on a building--Will the circle be unbroken; Merle Travis--That's all--I am a pilgrim--On my way to Canaan's Land (w/ Maybelle)(frag)
Track Information:
101 Gospel / William Carroll. English language.

102 Native American Dancers / Seminole Dancers.

103 Ballad Singer / Maybelle Carter. Guitar,Autoharp. English language.

104 Flatpicking Guitar / Merle Travis. Guitar. English language.
General note:
DPA number 69.101.68
Local Numbers:
FP-1969-7RR-0068
General:
CDR copy
69.101.68
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 6, 1969.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Dance  Search this
Ballads  Search this
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Autoharp  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Coal  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1969, Item FP-1969-7RR-0068
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5367db0d1-219a-49e4-8f22-b6d78ba7b68f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1969-ref269

Rev. William Carroll and Family, Seminole Indians, Maybelle Carter, Merle Travis

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife (1969)  Search this
Artist:
Carroll, William, 1912-1989  Search this
Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978  Search this
Travis, Merle  Search this
Performer:
Carroll, William, 1912-1989  Search this
Carter, Maybelle, 1909-1978  Search this
Travis, Merle  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (10 inch reel, 1/2 inch tape)
sound-tape reel (analog, 10 in.)
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Americans  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Appalachian Region, Southern -- Songs and music
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Virginia
Florida
Tennessee
Kentucky
Date:
1969 July 6
Contents:
William Carroll--Lean on Jesus--Down to the river--Something got a hold of me; Seminole Indians with Betty Mae Jumper; Maybelle Carter--Keep on the sunnyside--Sunshine in the shadow--Working on a building--Will the circle be unbroken; Merle Travis--That's all--I am a pilgrim--On my way to Canaan's Land (w/ Maybelle)(frag)
Track Information:
101 Gospel Music / William Carroll. English language.

102 Seminole Indians.

103 Appalachian Music / Maybelle Carter. Autoharp,Guitar. English language.

104 Flatpicking Guitar / Merle Travis. Guitar. English language.
General note:
DPA number 69.101.13
Local Numbers:
FP-1969-10RR-0013
General:
69.101.13
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 6, 1969.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Folk songs -- United States  Search this
Autoharp  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Religion  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1969, Item FP-1969-10RR-0013
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk562a5c829-33f2-46f4-8d22-ea5e42554547
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1969-ref99

Writings By Bearden, Prose and Poetry

Collection Creator:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950s-1980s
Collection Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Romare Bearden papers, 1937-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Romare Bearden papers
Romare Bearden papers / Series 3: Writings By and About Bearden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95ccc76dc-2aa7-4a82-8368-eedfb5e93ae9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bearroma-ref25
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Writings By Bearden, Prose and Poetry digital asset number 1

Ethel Cutler Freeman papers

Creator:
Freeman, Ethel Cutler, 1886-1972  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61.03 Linear feet (114 boxes)
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Culture  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Florida
Date:
1934-1972
Summary:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was an amateur Seminole specialist and research associate with the American Museum of Natural History. Her papers also reflect field work among the Arapaho, Shoshoni, Navaho, Pueblo, Hopi, Kickapoo, and people of the Virgin Islands, the Bahama Islands, and Haiti, and the music and chants of Africa, including those of the Maasai, Zulu, and Pygmies. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member. Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the anthropological interests of Ethel Cutler Freeman. The papers in this collection include her notes and diaries, published articles, unfinished manuscripts, and source materials. The bulk of the collection is material relating to the Seminole Indians of Florida.

Mrs. Freeman also made several trips to the Southwest and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, and Hopi. There is substantial information from these studies included in this collection. She also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, she studied tribal music and chants of several African tribes and the material from these studies forms the major portion of Series 7.

The collection also contains several sound recordings made by Freeman and numerous photographs, negatives, and slides. During rehousing, additional materials including index cards and notebooks from field trips were located and incorporated into the collection. A small amount of material relates to the Hoover Commission on Indian Affairs, of which Freeman was a member.

Correspondents include several Seminole Indians and government officials, personal acquaintances, organizations, and associates of the American Museum of Natural History as well as Dean Amadon, Richard Archbold, Conrad M. Arensberg, Dana W. Atchley, Jacques Barzun, Ruth Benedict, Leonard J. Brass, Louis Capron, Frances Densmore, Margery S. Douglas, John W. Griffin, A.J. Hanna, Ronald F. Lee, Margaret Mead, Robert Cushman Murphy, Kenneth W. Porter, Harry L. Shapiro, Howard Sharp, Frank Speck, Charlton W. Tebean, and Clark Wissler.

Although the majority of the collection spans the years 1934 to 1972, there are some items with dates that fall outside of this range. Some published materials are dated as early as 1822 and one note is dated 1975 and was added to the collection after Freeman's death in 1972. The folders containing these items have been dated accordingly, but these outlier dates have not affected the dates of the sub-series or series.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 15 series: (1) Biographical information and miscellaneous personal papers, 1939-1971; (2) Correspondence, 1936-1972; (3) Manuscripts, 1936-1971; (4) Source Material, 1934-1970; (5) Seminole Indians, 1934-1972; (6) North American Indians, 1936-1971; (7) Cultures other than North American Indian, 1943-1970; (8) Meetings, 1956-1968; (9) Printed materials, 1936-1972; (10) Pamphlets, 1935-1970; (11) Population and Material Culture, 1939, 1951-1963; (12) Sound recordings, 1940-1958, 1969-1970; (13) Lists of Photographs, 1939-1970; (14) Photographs, 1936-1971; (15) Index Cards, undated
Biographical Note:
Ethel Cutler Freeman was born in 1886 in Morristown, New Jersey. Freeman was the daughter of a prosperous family, which gave her the opportunity to study abroad in England at Mademoiselle Marie Souvestre's Academy for girls. After studying in England, Freeman returned to the United States and was married to Leon S. Freeman, a New York broker, in 1909.

By 1934, Freeman had become bored with the typical social activities available to her; while discussing the matter with a friend, Marcellus Hartley Dodge, she described herself as having a "brain full of cobwebs." Dodge, a former trustee at Columbia University, suggested that Freeman enroll in some courses at Columbia. Acting on Dodge's advice, Freeman started taking graduate courses in psychology and sociology at Columbia University, but soon became fascinated with anthropology. During her studies at Columbia, Freeman spent time in the western United States studying the Arapaho and Shoshone while her husband recuperated from a horse riding accident; it was at this point that she developed a taste for field work and an interest in Native American cultures. After completing her studies, Freeman decided that she wanted to study the Seminole people of Florida, near whom she and her family owned a winter home in Naples.

Back on the East Coast, Freeman met Dr. Clark Wissler, then Curator of the Indian Division of the American Museum of Natural History. Wissler was supportive of Freeman's aspirations to continue her anthropological studies, but balked at her expressed interest in the Seminole, whom at that time had a reputation for not being open to contact with outsiders. Undaunted, Freeman contacted W. Stanley Hansen, the man in charge of Seminole settlement; after repeated correspondence with Hansen convinced him she was no mere hobbyist, he agreed to help her make connections within the Seminole community.

Freeman made two visits to the Big Cypress Reservation for the American Museum of Natural History with a government representative before taking her 14-year-old daughter, Condict, and 12-year-old son, Leon Jr., for an extended stay with a group of Seminoles at the heart of the Everglades in February of 1940. After that first winter stay with the Seminoles, Freeman spent virtually every winter living within their remote communities and studying their culture. Over time, Dr. Wissler became impressed by Freeman's thorough and insightful reports and analysis of her findings among the Seminoles and got the American Museum of Natural History to back her winter field studies. Eventually Freeman's work gained her a reputation for being an expert on Seminole culture, which often placed her in the role of consultant to government agencies on issues dealing with Seminole and broader Native American concerns.

As a result of her long acquaintance with the Seminoles, Freeman also became interested in how different groups of Native Americans and other cultures adapted to changes brought about by contact with modern society. Freeman made several trips to the Southwestern United States and Mexico to study such tribes as the Arapaho, Shoshone, Navajo, Pueblo, Choctaw, and Hopi; she also made less extensive studies of various other cultures in the Virgin Islands, the Bahamas, and Haiti. In 1950, Freeman went to Africa to study tribal music and chants of several tribes. Much later, in 1968, the American Museum of Natural History sent Freeman to Portugal to study local costumes.

In the 1940s, Freeman took part in publishing studies for the Department of Agriculture about the Seminoles and worked as an advocate for the Navajo, who at that time were in tense relations with the United States government over their living conditions. From 1947 to 1957, Freeman worked as a representative for the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs; she also was a member of the Indian Rights Committee for the American Civil Liberties Union from 1946 to 1966. From 1948 to 1950, Freeman served as a member of the Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government within the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Throughout her studies in the field and her activities as an advocate for Native American rights, Freeman published her work frequently and gave many talks at a variety of conferences and special events. In 1964, Freeman traveled to Moscow to deliver her paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination," at the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences; she attended the same conference series the following year in Japan to deliver another paper, entitled "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend." Freeman continued visiting and studying the Seminoles in Florida late into her career, making her last visit the year before her death.

Ethel Cutler Freeman died on July 14th, 1972.

Sources Consulted

Letter to Mrs. Margaret Blaker, Archivist at the Smithsonian Institution's Anthropological Archives; Washington, D.C. from Ethel Cutler Freeman. Dated April 24, 1972. Located in vertical files, folders on Ethel Cutler Freeman, in the reading room of the National Anthropological Archives.

"Morristown Anthropologist; Mrs. Leon Freeman Likes Seminole Indians." Newark Sunday News, February 16, 1947.

"New Vernon Woman, Indian Authority." The Morris Observer, October 13, 1955.

"She's 'Hooked' On Seminole Indians: Leading Authority On That World." Daily Record, March 6, 1970.

"The Sentinel Visits--Indian Authority Mrs. Leon Freeman: Who Is Now Working To Rescue A Nation." Sunday Sentinel, February 2, 1947.

Chronology

1886 -- Born in Morristown, New Jersey.

1909 -- Married Leon S. Freeman.

1934 -- Began taking graduate courses at Columbia University in philosophy before changing to anthropology.

1936 -- Field work with the Arapaho and Shoshone.

1938 -- Joined American Anthropological Association. First became associated with American Museum of Natural History.

1939-1943 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1940-1948 -- Special Field Assistant, American Museum of Natural History.

1943 -- Joined American Ethnological Society.

1944 -- Field work in Mexico searching for a lost tribe of Seminoles; studied the Mascogas, Papagos, and Kickapoo.

1945 -- Field work in New Mexico, studying the Pueblo and Navajo.

1946 -- Joined the Society of Women Geographers. Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Hopi.

1946-1948 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1947 -- Field work with the Navajo, Papago, and Pueblo.

1947-1957 -- Represented the American Civil Liberties Union on the National Coordinating Committee for Indian Affairs.

1947-1966 -- Member Indian Rights Committee, American Civil Liberties Union.

1948 -- Appointed first female trustee of the American Institute of Anthropology. Became Field Associate, American Museum of Natural History.

1948-1950 -- Member Hoover Commission for Reorganization of Government – Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1949 -- Field work in the Bahamas, studying native culture.

1950 -- Field work in Africa, studying the Zulu, Masai, and pygmy peoples.

1951 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1952 -- Field work studying native cultures of the Virgin Islands and Haiti.

1953-1955 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1955-1957 -- Acting Chairman, American Civil Liberties Union.

1957 -- Field work studying Mexican Seminoles.

1957-1958 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1959 -- Attended annual meeting of American Anthropological Association in Mexico City.

1960-1965 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1963 -- Field work in Oklahoma, studying Seminoles.

1964 -- Presented paper, "The Correlation between Directed Culture Change and Self Determination" VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Moscow.

1968 -- Studied costumes of Portugal for American Museum of Natural History.

1965 -- Presented paper, "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend" VIII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Tokyo and Kyoto, Japan.

1970-1971 -- Winter field work with Florida Seminoles.

1972 -- Field work in Portugal and the Azores. Died, July 14.

Selected Bibliography

1942 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "We Live with the Seminoles," Natural History 49, no. 4 (April 1942): 226-236.

1944 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Seminole Woman of the Big Cypress and Her Influence in Modern Life," América Indígena 4, no. 2 (April 1944), 123-128.

1960 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Culture Stability and Change among the Seminoles of Florida." In Men and Cultures: Selected Papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1-9, 1956, edited by Anthony F.C. Wallace, 249-254. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960. Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1961 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "The Happy Life in the City of Ghosts: An Analysis of a Mikasuki Myth," The Florida Anthropologist 14, nos. 1-2 (March-June 1961), 23-36.

1964 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Directed Culture-Change and Selfdetermination in Superordinate and Subordinate Societies," Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 4, Moscow (August 1964), 85-90.

1965 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Two Types of Cultural Response to External Pressures Among the Florida Seminoles," Anthropological Quarterly 38, no. 2 (April 1965), 55-61.

1968 -- Freeman, Ethel Cutler. "Lawlessness in an Indian Tribe as a Microcosm of a World Trend," Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1968, Tokyo and Kyoto (Tokyo: Science Council of Japan, 1968) 191-193.
Related Materials:
Photo lot 62, W. Stanley Hanson photographs of Seminole Indians in Florida, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Objects donated by Ethel Cutler Freeman held in Department of Anthropology collections in accession 319549.

The Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum on the Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation also holds an Ethel Cutler Freeman collection.
Separated Materials:
Film materials were transfered to the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1986.11.8 (African footage) and HSFA 1986.11.9 (Seminole footage).
Provenance:
The papers of Ethel Cutler Freeman were left to the National Anthropological Archives by the terms of her will. Her son, Leon Freeman, Jr., donated the collection to NAA in August 1972.
Restrictions:
By Ethel Freeman's instructions, the collection was restricted for ten years dating from the receipt and signing of the release forms on October 12, 1972. Literary property rights to the unpublished materials in the collection were donated to the National Anthropological Archives.

Access to the Ethel Cutler Freeman papers requires an appointment.
Seminole recordings cannot be accessed without the permission of the Seminole Tribe.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Language and languages  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Music  Search this
Citation:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0166
See more items in:
Ethel Cutler Freeman papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a548e5a0-c124-413d-ade0-345b46f30a72
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0166

Charles Rosen papers, 1896-1971

Creator:
Rosen, Charles, 1878-1950  Search this
Subject:
Speicher, Eugene Edward  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Charles Rosen papers, 1896-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Landscape painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Photographs  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9212
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211407
AAA_collcode_rosechar
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211407

LS-0101

Collection Creator:
Spandorf, Lily  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawings (visual works) (Medium: pen/manila paper)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 7, Item LS-0101
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings (visual works)
Date:
1969
Scope and Contents note:
Two Florida Seminole Indians stand together dressed in traditional clothing. Inscription reads, "Florida Seminoles, Charlie Billie Bay, Moses Juniper."

Missing Title

Subjects: Charlie Billie Boy and Moses Jumper

Festival Program: Crafts

Signed: yes
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
Lily Spandorf drawings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lily Spandorf drawings
Lily Spandorf drawings / Drawings and Papers
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5fd29be3c-4aa2-4072-95ea-b3124db0af29
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-span-ref4549

LS-0125

Collection Creator:
Spandorf, Lily  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawings (visual works) (Medium: ink/manila paper)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 8, Item LS-0125
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings (visual works)
Scope and Contents note:
Woman dressed in traditional clothing makes clothing for dolls. Six people observe her work in background. Inscription reads, "Mary Bawes, Florida, Seminole Indians."

Missing Title

Subjects: Mary Bawes

Signed: yes
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
Lily Spandorf drawings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lily Spandorf drawings
Lily Spandorf drawings / Drawings and Papers
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk57792752f-1cd1-4592-91d2-b8778f2d71d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-span-ref4597

Festival Recordings: Music Stage: Evening Concert; Voices of First Nations Women

Creator:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival 1998-Evening Concerts  Search this
Recorder:
Kaiman, Bob  Search this
Milner, Liz  Search this
Performer:
Burch, Sharon  Search this
Harjo, Joy  Search this
Youngblood, Mary  Search this
Poetic Justice (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Aleut  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
California
Santa Rosa (Calif.)
Hollywood (Calif.)
Arizona
New Mexico
Sacramento (Calif.)
Date:
1998 June 28
Track Information:
101 Music of First Nations Women / Sharon Burch. Guitar.

102 Music of First Nations Women / Poetic Justice (Musical group), Joy Harjo. Guitar.

103 Music of First Nations Women / Mary Youngblood. Flute.
Local Numbers:
FP-1998-CT-0263-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 28, 1998.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Flute  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1998, Item FP-1998-CT-0263
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival / Series 2: The Baltic Nations: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk546b0d59f-da44-44ec-afc1-7b7c7536424c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1998-ref1114

Festival Recordings: Music Stage: Evening Concert; Voices of First Nations Women

Creator:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival 1998-Evening Concerts  Search this
Recorder:
Kaiman, Bob  Search this
Milner, Liz  Search this
Performer:
Youngblood, Mary  Search this
Gonzalez, Christina  Search this
Gonzalez, Delgadina  Search this
Trejo, Judy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Aleut  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
California
Sacramento (Calif.)
Nevada
Schurz (Nev.)
Wadsworth (Nev.)
Date:
1998 June 28
Track Information:
101 Music of First Nations Women / Mary Youngblood. Flute.

102 Music of First Nations Women / Christina Gonzalez, Delgadina Gonzalez, Judy Trejo. Drum.
Local Numbers:
FP-1998-CT-0264-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 28, 1998.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Flute  Search this
Drum  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1998, Item FP-1998-CT-0264
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1998 Smithsonian Folklife Festival / Series 2: The Baltic Nations: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk52c057edc-6576-415f-b9e1-3f310c174045
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1998-ref1115

Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Culture in the Americas

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
Contemporary Maroon peoples' identities are rooted in memories of the collective liberation struggles from which their societies emerged. In most Maroon communities, a profound sense of history pervades present-day life. The 1992 Festival encouraged visitors to understand the contemporary cultures of Maroons as creative syntheses that combined and recombined originally diverse African elements, as well as non-African elements, in unique ways. This historical process of blending and adaptation, resulting in cultures that are simultaneously old and new, is known as "creolization."

Eight contemporary Maroon peoples from six different countries participated in the Festival in the Quincentenary year. Three of these peoples came from the Amazon basin in northeastern South America. The ancestors of the Saramaka began escaping from Surinamese plantations in the late 17th century; after fighting against the Dutch for nearly a century, they made a treaty with them in 1762. Today the Saramaka live along the Suriname River in the interior rainforest of Suriname. Their neighbors, the Ndjuka or Okanisi (Aukaners), began fleeing from Dutch plantations in the early 18th century, and made a treaty with the Dutch in 1760. Across the Maroni and Lawa rivers in French Guiana live the Aluku or Boni, whose forebears began leaving the plantations shortly after the Ndjuka. In 1776-77 they crossed from Suriname into French Guiana, where they have lived ever since. After years of struggle, their freedom was recognized by a joint treaty with the French and Dutch in 1860.

Colombia is home to the contemporary Maroon community of Palenque de San Basilio, not far from the port of Cartagena, which was once at the center of the Spanish slave trade. The Palenqueros are descended from slaves who escaped from Spanish plantations during the 17th century. After several failed attempts to eradicate them, the colonial government and the ancestors of the Palenqueros came to terms between 1713 and 1717. In Jamaica are some of the best known contemporary Maroon communities. The Windward Maroons are based in the villages of Moore Town, Scotts Hall and Charles Town in the eastern Blue Mountains. They can trace their origins as a people back to 1655, when the British seized the island from the Spanish, and a large number of slaves fled into the hills. In later years these initial runaways were joined by others from British plantations. The ancestors of the Leeward Maroons, whose main contemporary settlement is Accompong in the western Cockpit Country, began to escape from plantations in the late 17th century. By the 1730s, both groups posed such a threat to the plantation system that the British colonial government had to sue for peace, concluding separate treaties with the two groups in 1739.

The Maroons of the Costa Chica area in the Mexican states of Guerrero and Oaxaca are descendants of slaves who began escaping in the late 16th century from Spanish cattle ranches and estates along the Pacific coast. When the colonial government launched a military campaign against them, they retreated into more inaccessible areas, where they remained undefeated until the abolition of slavery in Mexico in 1829. The Seminole Maroons, now divided among Oklahoma, Texas, the Bahamas, and the northern Mexican state of Coahuila, originated in Spanish Florida, where groups of escaped slaves from South Carolina and Georgia began seeking refuge in the early 18th century. After the end of the Seminole War in 1842, they were transported along with their Seminole Indian allies to Oklahoma. To avoid raids by slave-catchers, a portion of the Seminole Maroons moved to Mexico, where their descendants, known as Negros Mascogos, remain today. During the mid-19th century, some of these Mexican Seminoles moved to Texas, where they joined the U.S. Cavalry as part of a special division known as the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts. Their descendants live today in Brackettville and Del Rio, Texas.

Ken Bilby and Diana N'Diaye served as Curators of the Maroon program, with Héctor Corporán as Program Coordinator. Regional Coordinators were: Thomas Doudou, French Guiana; Miguel Angel Gutiérrez Avila, Mexico; Ian Hancock, Texas; Hermes R.M. Libretto, Suriname; Lorenzo Manuel Miranda Torres and Heliana Portes de Roux, Colombia; Maureen Rowe, Jamaica.

Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Culture in the Americas was made possible with the support of the governments of Colombia, French Guiana, Jamaica, Suriname, and Guerrero, Mexico; the Texas Commission on the Arts and Texas Folklife Resources; Camille O. and William H. Cosby, Jr.; InterAmerican Foundation; and the Smithsonian Educational Outreach Fund.
Fieldworkers:
Farika Birhan, Bernhard Bisoina, Miguel Angel Gutiérrez-Avila, Ian Hancock, Heliana Portes de Roux
Presenters:
Adiante Franszoon, Miguel Angel Gutiérrez Avila, Ian Hancock, Hermes Richène Martin Libretto, Hazel McClune, Heliana Portes de Roux, Richard Price, Sally Price
Participants:
Colombia Palenqueros

Rafael Cassiaini Cassiani, singer, drummer, Colombia

Cristobalina Estrada Valdez, singer, dancer, Colombia

Gabino Hernandez Palomino, oral historian, Colombia

Lorenzo Manuel Miranda Torres, drummer, dancer, singer, Colombia

Graciela Salgado Valdez, drummer, singer, Colombia

Dolores Salinas de Caceres, singer, dancer, Colombia

Maximo Torres Berrio, drummer, drum maker, singer, Colombia

Jose Valdez Simanca, marimbula player, craftsperson, storyteller, drummaker, Colombia

Ecuador

Juan Garcia, oral historian, storyteller, Ecuador

French Guiana Aluku (Boni) Maroons

Granman Joseph-Joachim Adochini, Paramount Chief, oral historian, French Guiana

Cecilon Anabi, basket maker, -- kwakwa -- player, French Guiana

Adolphe Anelli, drummer, -- agwado -- player, singer, storyteller, French Guiana

Charles Anelli, dancer, French Guiana

Romain Balla, drummer, singer, French Guiana

Charles Cazal, drummer, dancer, singer, -- agwado -- player, flute player, French Guiana

Agnes Ceguy, hair braider, singer, cook, French Guiana

Thomas Doudou, dancer, French Guiana

Marcel Doye, dancer, singer, French Guiana

Samacon Doye, basket maker, woodcarver, dancer, drummer, French Guiana

Analia Kondokou, calabash carver, dancer, cook, French Guiana

Simon Kouakou, dancer, flute player, French Guiana

Antoine Lamoraille, woodcarver, French Guiana

Marie Celine Lobi, hair braider, dancer, French Guiana

Stanislas Lobi, dancer, -- kwakwa -- player, French Guiana

Sephiro Mais, singer, dancer, French Guiana

Saneti Sacapou, singer, cook, French Guiana

Louis Topo, oral historian, drummer, singer, dancer, French Guiana

Jamaica Accompong Town Maroons

George Huggins, drum maker, calabash carver, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Ferrel McKenzie, singer, dancer, drummer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Nevilte McLeggon, abeng blower, cook, drummer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Edwin Peddie, -- gumbe -- drummer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Rosalie Rowe, singer, dancer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Alrena Wright, singer, dancer, drummer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Colonel M.L. Wright, Chief, oral historian, singer, Accompong Town, Jamaica

Jamaica Moore Town Maroons

Major Charles Aarons, 1929-, drummer, dancer, jerk specialist, herbalist, abeng blower, Moore Town, Jamaica

Hermine Daure, dancer, singer, cook, craftsperson, Moore Town, Jamaica

Martha Downer, 1931-, dancer, singer, cook, Moore Town, Jamaica

Colonel C.L.G. (Collin Lloyd George) Harris, 1917-, Chief, oral historian, Moore Town, Jamaica

George Harris, 1926-, drummer, drum maker, jerk specialist, thatcher, carver, abeng blower, mat maker, Moore Town, Jamaica

Edith Myers, 1925-, cook, dancer, singer, craftsperson, Moore Town, Jamaica

Emmanuel Palmer, 1935-, drummer, abeng blower, calabash carver, Moore Town, Jamaica

Carl Patterson, 1977-, dancer, animal trapper, Moore Town, Jamaica

Mexico Costa Chica Maroons

Melquiades Dominguez Guzman, storyteller, Mexico

Adan Garcia Marcial, singer, Mexico

Tiburcio Noyola Rodriguez, guitarist, Mexico

Suriname Ndjuka Maroons

Granman Gazon Matodja, Paramount Chief, oral historian, Suriname

Baja Kalenga Cason, boat builder, drummer, singer, dancer, Suriname

Badjan Kelion, hunting & fishing skills, drummer, storyteller, boat builder, Suriname

Albert Koejoe Dosoe, dancer, Suriname

Sentele Molly, animal trapper, drummer, singer, oral historian, Suriname

Jomena Sibe, cook, dancer, singer, needle worker, hair braider, Suriname

Modillie Siemie, cook, house decorator, hair braider, storyteller, Suriname

Suriname Saramaka Maroons

Granman Songo Aboikonie, Paramount Chief, oral historian, Suriname

Adwingie Aboikoni, drummer, singer, thatcher, storyteller, woodcarver, Suriname

Djangilie Amoesi, hunting & fishing skills, thatcher, dancer, wrestler, basket maker, Suriname

Aniekil Awardie, woodcarver, drummer, dancer, singer, Suriname

Edoe Eduard Bobby, fish trapper, thatcher, drummer, dancer, singer, Suriname

Patricia Main, cook, dancer, house decorator, hair braider, Suriname

Alisetie Ngwete, cook, dancer, singer, calabash carver, house decorator, hair braider, textile artist, calf-band maker, Suriname

Akoemajajo Pansa, cook, dancer, singer, calabash carver, textile artist, calf-band maker, hair braider, Suriname

Kajanasieh Saakie, cook, dancer, singer, calabash carver, house decorator, textile artist, calf-band maker, Suriname

Texas Seminole Maroons

Alice Fay Lozano, 1916-2011, cook, Del Rio, Texas

Ethel I. Warrior, 1919-, cook, Del Rio, Texas

William "Dub" Warrior, 1927-, storyteller, Del Rio, Texas

Charles Emily Wilson, 1912-2006, storyteller, Brackettville, Texas
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1992, Series 3
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk51e33e6d0-cfab-4687-ae7c-63f76e7cd41c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1992-ref26

Festival Recordings: Maroon Narrative: Seminole Maroons; From Florida to Brackettville: Palenque de San Basilio; Oral Traditions

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Maroon Program 1992 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Keydel, Stefan (recorder)  Search this
Spinks, Vondale (recorder)  Search this
Artist:
Wilson, Charles Emily, 1913-2006  Search this
Miranda Torres, Lorenzo Manuel  Search this
Berrio, Maximo Torres  Search this
Cassiani Cassiani, Rafael  Search this
Performer:
Wilson, Charles Emily, 1913-2006  Search this
Miranda Torres, Lorenzo Manuel  Search this
Berrio, Maximo Torres  Search this
Cassiani Cassiani, Rafael  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Americans  Search this
Colombians  Search this
Maroons  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Texas
Brackettville (Tex.)
Colombia
Date:
1992 July 4
Track Information:
101 Seminole Maroons: From Florida to Brackettville / Charles Emily Wilson.

102 Palenque de San Basilio: Oral Traditions / Lorenzo Manuel Miranda Torres, Maximo Torres Berrio, Rafael Cassiani Cassiani.
Local Numbers:
FP-1992-CT-0202
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 4, 1992.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Frontier & pioneer life  Search this
Treaties  Search this
Juneteenth  Search this
Scouts and scouting  Search this
Maroons  Search this
Lumbalu  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Wakes  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1992, Item FP-1992-CT-0202
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Culture in the Americas / 3.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk574ae90d7-8305-4075-97e4-2b5c3e235a95
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1992-ref751

Festival Recordings: Maroon Narrative: Saramaku Maroons; Innovations in Styles of Dress: Texas Maroons: Language Workshop

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Maroon Program 1992 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Howard, Timothea, 1953-2017 (recorder)  Search this
Tran, Tuan (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Pansa, Akoemajajo  Search this
Ngwete, Alisetie  Search this
Main, Patricia  Search this
Warrior, Ethel I., 1919-  Search this
Warrior, William, 1927-  Search this
Lozano, Alice Fay, 1916-2011  Search this
Harris, Colin L.G.  Search this
Eersteling, Cyriel  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Surinamese  Search this
Americans  Search this
Jamaicans  Search this
Maroons  Search this
Saramacca (Surinamese people)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Suriname
Texas
Del Rio (Tex.)
Jamaica
Moore Town (Jamaica)
Date:
1992 July 5
Track Information:
101 Innovation: Personal Styles in Dress / Akoemajajo Pansa, Alisetie Ngwete, Patricia Main.

102 Texas Maroons, Seminole Maroons / Ethel I. Warrior, William Warrior.

103 New Languages Created from Old / Alice Fay Lozano, Colin L.G. Harris, Cyriel Eersteling.
Local Numbers:
FP-1992-CT-0204
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 5, 1992.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Hairstyles  Search this
Hairdressing of African Americans  Search this
Maroons  Search this
Frontier & pioneer life  Search this
History  Search this
Scouts and scouting  Search this
language  Search this
Creolization  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1992, Item FP-1992-CT-0204
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1992 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Culture in the Americas / 3.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk522620e9b-4995-48eb-a2d7-978762b54d53
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1992-ref753

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