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William Christopher papers

Artist:
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Names:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Archer, Osceola  Search this
Crapo, Henry H.  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Howard, Charles, 1899-1978  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Perlin, Bernard, 1918-  Search this
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Von Mohrenschildt, Dimitri Sergius, 1902-2002  Search this
Extent:
8.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Diaries
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
circa 1920s-circa 1973
Summary:
The William Christopher papers measure 8.2 linear feet and date from circa 1920s to circa 1973. Materials include biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, five diaries, subject/project files, printed materials, photographs, numerous sketches and eleven sketchbooks, and five short film reels containing amateur footage of New York City. The subject/project files include correspondence, printed materials, and two additional diaries about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the 1965 civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
Scope and Contents:
The William Christopher papers measure 8.2 linear feet and date from circa 1920s to circa 1973. Materials include biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, five diaries, subject/project files, printed materials, photographs, numerous sketches and eleven sketchbooks, and five reels of motion picture films, consisting of amateur footage of New York City. The subject/project files include correspondence, printed materials, and two additional diaries about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the 1965 civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.

Biographical materials include address books, annotated memorabilia, awards and certificates, curriculum vitae and resume materials, and identification materials. Correspondence is with friends and fellow artists, including actress Osceola Archer and Henry Crapo, galleries, and others. Writings and notes include eleven notebooks, miscellaneous undated notes and papers, annotated drafts and writings by William Christopher, and writings by others. There are five diaries written by William Christopher from the 1940s to the 1960s.

Subject files document miscellaneous projects in which Christopher was involved and/or interested, and include several about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. containing correspondence, printed material, and two diaries written by Christopher during his attendance of the Civil Rights march from Selma to Montgomery.

Scattered personal business papers concern artwork sold and loaned and personal finances. Printed materials include clippings, exhibition catalogs and materials, magazines and programs, and posters. Photographs are of William Christopher, Henry Crapo, Margaret French, Charles Howard, Bernard Perlin, George Tooker, male models and figures, furniture, landscapes, buildings, and artwork.

Christopher's papers include over one hundred sketches and watercolors, eleven sketchbooks, an artwork by Dimitri Von Mohrenshildt, and one sketch by George Tooker. Also found among the papers are five film reels made by Christopher for an unfinished project, containing footage of New York City cityscapes and street scenes.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1940s-circa 1973 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1947-circa 1973 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1947-1970 (0.4 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Diaries, circa 1940s-circa 1960s (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 5: Subject Files, 1943-1972 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 4, 9)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1950-circa 1972 (0.3 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 7: Printed Material, circa 1950s-circa 1972 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 4-5, 9, OV12)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1920s-circa 1970s (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 6, 8, MGP 4)

Series 9: Artwork and Sketchbooks, circa 1940s-circa 1970s (1.6 linear feet; Boxes 6-8, OV10-11, 13-18)

Series 10: Unidentified Project, Motion Picture Films, 1961 (0.5 linear feet; FC 19-23)
Biographical / Historical:
William Christopher was a painter, art instructor, and Civil Rights activist living and working in New York, New Hampshire, and Vermont. He was born in Columbus, Georgia on March 4, 1924, and served in the U. S. Navy from 1941 to 1943.

Aided by grants and scholarships, Christopher studied in France at the Sorbonne, Academie Julian, and the Ecoles d'Art Americaines between 1946-1948. While there, he also studied with Ossip Zadkine. He returned to New York and studied with Amedee Ozenfant and Hans Hofmann between 1948 and 1950.

Christopher's painting was greatly influenced by his time spent in Paris and New York, and his later involvement with the Civil Rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the march in Selma in 1965. His first U. S. solo exhibition was in 1952 at the Roko Gallery in New York, and he exhibited widely in New York, Boston, Washington, D.C. at the Nexus Gallery, the Boston Arts Festival, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Joan Peterson Gallery, Galeria Juana Mordo, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others. In 1964, Christopher was invited to present his paintings to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. during the presentation of Dr. King's papers to Boston University. This is where Christopher met King.

Christopher moved to Hartland, Vermont in 1960, with his partner painter George Tooker. He remained there for the rest of his life. Christopher died in 1973.
Provenance:
William Christopher donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1972.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and not served to researchers.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Civil rights demonstrations -- Alabama -- Selma  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Diaries
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
William Christopher papers, circa 1920s-circa 1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.chriwill
See more items in:
William Christopher papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c6db2fe7-e817-4205-9c2b-b8aee5f67755
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chriwill
Online Media:

William Christopher papers, circa 1920s-circa 1973

Creator:
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Christopher, William R, 1924-1973  Search this
Subject:
Tooker, George  Search this
Archer, Osceola  Search this
Von Mohrenschildt, Dimitri Sergius  Search this
Perlin, Bernard  Search this
French, Margaret  Search this
Crapo, Henry H.  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr.  Search this
Howard, Charles  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Diaries
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Civil rights demonstrations -- Alabama -- Selma  Search this
Civil rights -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7418
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209576
AAA_collcode_chriwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209576
Online Media:

Controversy and hope : the civil rights photographs of James Karales / Julian Cox with Rebekah Jacob and Monica Karales ; foreword by Andrew Young

Photographer:
Karales, James H. 1930-2002  Search this
Author:
Cox, Julian  Search this
Author:
Jacob, Rebekah 1975-  Search this
Karales, Monica  Search this
Subject:
Karales, James H. 1930-2002  Search this
King, Martin Luther Jr. 1929-1968  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 125 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1015849

Sweet land of liberty / John Wedda

Artist:
Wedda, John  Search this
Subject:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
48 pages : illustrations ; 16 x 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
[1965]
Topic:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March, 1965 in art  Search this
Civil rights movements in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1071743

A march for all : Selma's voting rights movement / written by Theresa L. Hall

Title:
Selma's voting rights movement
Author:
Hall, Theresa L.  Search this
Author:
Eastern National  Search this
Subject:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
30 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail (Ala.)
Selma (Ala.)
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089640

Selma, 1965 : the march that changed the South / Charles E. Fager

Author:
Fager, Charles (Charles Eugene) 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 257 pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alabama
Selma
Selma (Ala.)
Date:
1985
1974
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1085989

The unfinished agenda of the Selma-Montgomery voting rights march / the editors of Black issues in higher education with Dara N. Byrne

Author:
Byrne, Dara N  Search this
Subject:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 224 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Alabama
Selma
Selma (Ala.)
United States
Date:
2005
C2005
20th century
1989-
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
African Americans--Suffrage  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Political aspects  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_761794

Call to Selma : eighteen days of witness / Richard D. Leonard

Author:
Leonard, Richard D  Search this
Subject:
Leonard, Richard D  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 159 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Alabama
Selma
New York (State)
New York
Selma (Ala.)
Date:
2002
C2002
20th century
Topic:
Civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Suffrage--History  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Unitarian Universalists  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_687981

Selma, 1965, by Charles E. Fager

Author:
Fager, Charles (Charles Eugene) 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
241 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alabama
Selma
Selma (Ala.)
Date:
1974
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
F334.S4F34X 1974
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_357129

This bright light of ours : stories from the 1965 Voting Rights fight / Maria Gitin

Title:
Stories from the 1965 Voting Rights fight
Author:
Gitin, Maria  Search this
Subject:
Gitin, Maria  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 307 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Southern States
Alabama
California
Date:
2014
Topic:
African Americans--Suffrage  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1051650

Selma 1965 : the photographs of Spider Martin / preface by Don Carleton ; introduction by Douglas Brinkley ; photographs edited by Amy K. Bowman

Writer of supplementary textual content:
Carleton, Don  Search this
Brinkley, Douglas  Search this
Editor:
Bowman, Amy  Search this
Subject:
Martin, Spider 1939-2003  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 115 pages : chiefly illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Montgomery (Ala.)
Selma (Ala.)
Date:
2015
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1071287

Singing the Lord's song : in a strange land / Joseph E. Lowery

Author:
Lowery, Joseph E  Search this
Subject:
Lowery, Joseph E  Search this
United Methodist Church (U.S.) Clergy  Search this
Southern Christian Leadership Conference History  Search this
Selma to Montgomery Rights March (1965 : Selma, Ala.)  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 123 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Southern States
Date:
2011
©2011
20th century
Topic:
Civil rights workers  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1079853

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