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[Immergrun]

Creator:
Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939  Search this
Mount Assisi Monastery  Search this
Landscape architect:
Leavitt, Charles Wellford  Search this
Emmet, Devereux  Search this
Architect:
Murphy And Dana  Search this
Nurseryman:
Lewis & Valentine  Search this
Contractor/builder:
Spinner, F. E.  Search this
Sculptor:
Crenier, Henri  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Whitney, Gertrude  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Pennsylvania -- Loretto
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Cambria County -- Loretto
Date:
[1930?]
General:
"The elaborate hillside garden begins at a terrace adjacent to the residence's south facade. From here a water cascade descends flanked on either side by stairs. The long cascade ends in a serieds of rectangular pools and finally a large circular pool which is partly surrounded by caryatids. -From Department of History and Social Science, Troy State University, Troy, Alabama. The Italian Garden Transplanted." Alfred Branum Collection.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Urns  Search this
Water stairs  Search this
Hillsides  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Balustrades  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA321009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA321: Loretto -- Immergrun
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16868

Oral history interview with Lonnie Holley, 2020 July 29

Interviewee:
Holley, Lonnie, 1950-  Search this
Holley, Lonnie, 1950-  Search this
Interviewer:
Franco, Josh T., 1985-  Search this
Subject:
Pandemic Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Video recordings
Topic:
COVID-19 (Disease)  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Social aspects  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) and the arts  Search this
Pandemics  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American sculptors  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)22052
AAA_collcode_holley20
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_22052

Oral history interview with John W. Rhoden, 1968 July 21

Interviewee:
Rhoden, John, 1918-  Search this
Rhoden, John, 1918-  Search this
Interviewer:
Ghent, Henri, 1926-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11469
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213047
AAA_collcode_rhoden68
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213047

Oral history interview with Lonnie Holley

Interviewee:
Holley, Lonnie  Search this
Names:
Pandemic Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((29 min.), digital, mp4)
7 Pages (Transcript)
Culture:
African American artists  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Video recordings
Date:
2020 July 29
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Lonnie Holley conducted 2020 July 29, by Josh Franco, for the Archives of American Art's Pandemic Oral History Project at Grocery On Home in Atlanta, Georgia.
Biographical / Historical:
Lonnie Holley (1950–) is an improvisational multidisciplinary artist and musician who is active across the United States. He began his career with carved sandstone sculptures in Birmingham, Alabama during the 1980s and has become known for the found-object sculptural environments he creates as well as his folk music.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
This interview is open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its Oral History Program interviews available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. Quotation, reproduction and publication of the recording is governed by restrictions. If an interview has been transcribed, researchers must quote from the transcript. If an interview has not been transcribed, researchers must quote from the recording. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Georgia  Search this
Musicians -- Georgia  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Topic:
COVID-19 (Disease)  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Social aspects  Search this
COVID-19 (Disease) and the arts  Search this
African American sculptors  Search this
Pandemics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.holley20
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holley20
Online Media:

Oral history interview with William Dawson, 1990 April 11-23

Interviewee:
Dawson, William, 1901-1990  Search this
Dawson, William, 1901-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Blum, Betty  Search this
Subject:
Brown, Roger  Search this
Kind, Phyllis  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Sculptors -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Self-taught artists -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11468
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213037
AAA_collcode_dawson90
Theme:
African American
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213037

Oral history interview with John W. Rhoden

Interviewee:
Rhoden, John (John W), 1918-  Search this
Interviewer:
Ghent, Henri, 1926-  Search this
Extent:
67 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1968 July 21
Scope and Contents:
Interview of John W. Rhoden conducted 1968 July 21, by Henri Ghent, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
John W. Rhoden (1918-2001) was a sculptor from Brooklyn, N.Y. Rhoden attended Talladege College, Alabama, School of Painting and Sculpture at Columbia Univ., and the American Academy in Rome. Studied under William Zorach.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rhoden68
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rhoden68
Online Media:

Oral history interview with William Dawson

Interviewee:
Dawson, William, 1901-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Blum, Betty  Search this
Names:
Brown, Roger, 1941-1997  Search this
Kind, Phyllis, 1933-2018  Search this
Extent:
173 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 April 11-23
Scope and Contents:
An interview of William Dawson conducted 1990 April 11-23, by Betty Blum, for the Archives of American Art.
Dawson speaks of his childhood in Alabama; coming to Chicago in 1923; working as a porter and janitor; the beginnings of his art career after retiring in 1965; making carvings from found objects; the process of discovering and creating forms; his first exhibition at the Lincoln Park Public Library; his first sales to collectors, including Phyllis Kind and Roger Brown; gaining exposure through collectors and eventually getting discovered; the beginning of his work in painting; his exhibition at the Corcoran in 1982; work methods; and inspirations and ideas.
Biographical / Historical:
William Dawson (1901-1990) was a self-taught painter and sculptor from Chicago, Illinois. Dawson was born in 1901 in Huntsville, Alabama, came to Chicago in 1923, and after retiring from a career as a janitor and porter, he began sculpting and painting. He died July 1, 1990.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 58 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Folk artists -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Sculptors -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Self-taught artists -- Illinois -- Chicago -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.dawson90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dawson90
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Scott Burton

Interviewee:
Burton, Scott, 1939-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Kachur, Lewis  Search this
Names:
Berkowitz, Leon, 1919-1987  Search this
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
Extent:
154 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1987 May 22-September 25
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Scott Burton conducted 1987 May 22-September 25, by Lewis Kachur, for the Archives of American Art.
Burton speaks of his upbringing in Alabama and Washington, D.C.; working for "Art News"; and his early work, including performance pieces. He discusses furniture, public projects, Brancusi, Joseph Epstein, and Eric Gill. He recalls Morris Louis and Leon Berkowitz.
Biographical / Historical:
Scott Burton (1939-1989) was a sculptor from New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 22 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1959 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.burton87
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-burton87
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mansfield Bascom and Ruth Esherick Bascom about Wharton Esherick

Interviewee:
Bascom, Mansfield  Search this
Creator:
Bascom, Ruth Esherick  Search this
Interviewer:
Polsky, Richard  Search this
Names:
Esherick, Wharton  Search this
Extent:
78 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 July 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ruth and Mansfield Bascom concerning artist Wharton Esherick, conducted 1990 July 13, by Richard Polsky, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Wharton Esherick was the father of Ruth Bascom. The Bascoms discuss Esherick's childhood sketching; studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; professional life including painting, printmaking, frame carving, sculpture and furniture making; stylistic development, working methods, clients, materials, and exhibitions; his stays in Fairhope, Alabama; his "organic" life style; and the establishment of the Wharton Esherick Museum.
Biographical / Historical:
Mansfield Bascom married Ruth Esherick and is the son-in-law of Wharton Esherick (1887-1970), who was a sculptor, painter, printmaker, wood-carver and furniture maker from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 15 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews of artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Cabinetmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Wood-carvers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bascom90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bascom90
Online Media:

Native Americans

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The continuing traditions of the original inhabitants of this nation were presented in the Native Americans area by representatives of the more than 200 Native American communities throughout the United States. Working with the Smithsonian, they had examined their traditions and created the programs, speaking to their way of life today and their hopes for the future.

The Native Americans area was designed with Native traditions in mind. The entire area lay within a circle that represented the wholeness of life, emphasizing that, in Native philosophy, everything is interrelated. A corn field formed the outlying circle; corn, the contribution of Native Americans to the peoples of the world, is regarded as the gift of Mother Earth. With squash and beans sharing the field, the entire area was thus surrounded by the three staple foods of the Southwest, the "three sisters" of the Iroquois. The Learning Center, designed by architect Dennis Sun Rhodes, Arapaho, faces East, the direction of sunrise and of life, and visitors were intended to proceed inside sunwise, in a circle. In its design and in its presentations of music, crafts, dance, and discussion, the Native Americans area honored the first Americans.

Building upon six years of programming during preceding Festivals, the Bicentennial presentations presented a region-by-region overview of American Indian folklife:

June 16-20, Northeast (Six Nations, Iroquois, Mohawk, Seneca, Onandaga, Tuscarora, Algonkian, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Shinnecock, Hassanamisco, Nanticoke, Susquehanna, Wampanoag, Narragansett, Gay Head, Mohegan, Schaghticoke)

June 23-27, Great Lakes (Oneida, Ojibwa)

July 1-5, Southeast (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, Tuscarora, Muskogee, Tunica-Biloxi of Louisiana, Mattaponi, Houma Tribe of Louisiana, Alabama Creek, Lumbee)

July 7-11, Southern Plains (Comanche, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Omaha, Pawnee, Ponca, Southern Cheyenne)

July 14-18, Prairie (Sac and Fox)

July 21-25, Northern Plains (Northern Cheyenne)

July 28-August 1, Northwest Coast (Alaska Federation of Natives, Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation)

August 4-8, Southwest (San Juan Pueblo, Navaho, White Mountain Apache, Comanche)

August 11-15, Plateau (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Indian Nation, Ute, Klamath)

August 18-22, Basin (Northern Paiute, Southern Paiute, Washo, Western Shoshone, Walker River Paiute)

August 25-29, Northern California (Miwok, Wintun, Pomo, Yurok, Karok, Tolowa, Hupa, Klamath, Tchinook, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla, Quileute)

September 2-6, Arctic (Alaska Federation of Natives)

Lucille Dawson served as program coordinator, assisted by Thomas Kavanagh. The multi-year program was shaped by the Native Americans Advisory Group, including Louis Bruce, Rayna Green, Dell Hymes, Clydia Nahwooksy, Alfonso Ortiz, and William Sturtevant.
Participants:
Northeast

Six Nations, Iroquois

Mohawk

Mary Adams, basket maker

Mike Adams, basket maker

Sally Ann Adams, basket maker

Richard Hill, headdress maker

Stan Hill, bone carver

Tammy Hill, craft sales

Mary Longboat, cornhusk worker

Margaret Torrence, basket maker

Cam Wilson, silversmith

Mark Wilson, craft sales

Wanda Wilson, dancer

Oneida

Eula Chrisjohn, cornhusk worker

Irving Chrisjohn, cornhusk worker

Richard Chrisjohn, Sr., wood carver

Richard Chrisjohn, Jr., wood carver

Onondaga

Andrea Jimerson, dancer

Marty Jimerson, dancer

Huron Miller, project coordinator

James Skye, wood carver

Guy Williams, dancer

Ruby Williams, dancer

Tim Williams, dancer

Seneca

Helen Harris, dancer

Linda Harris, dancer

Philman Harris, drum and rattle maker

Steve Harris, dancer

Hazel Jimerson, dancer

Lester Jimerson, dancer

Mamie Jones, dancer

Paul Jones, dancer

Kevin Johnny John, dancer

Mike Johnny John, dancer

Vera Miller, beadworker

Rodney Pierce, dancer

Marlene Thomas, dancer

Hazel Thompson, gancer

Phillip Thompson, dancer

Natie Watt, basket maker

Ruth Watt, basket maker

Tuscarora

Louise Henry, beadworker

Oscar Moses, Lacrosse stick maker

Kevin Patterson, Lacrosse stick maker

Wes Patterson, Lacrosse stick maker

Edward Sayer, finger weaving

Wilmer Wilson, 1925-2002, craft sales manager

Algonkian

Chuck Comanda, canoe maker

Mary Comanda, canoe maker

William Comanda, canoe maker

Ojibwa

Audrey Pawis, quill worker

Discussants

Asenith D. Vogt, coordinator

Joseph A. Nicholas, discussant, Passamaquoddy

Andy Akins, discussant, Penobscot

Charles Jennings, discussant, Penobscot

Brian Miles, discussant, Pequot

Eva Smith, discussant, Shinnecock

Diane Bess, discussant, Shinnecock

Lois Wilcox, discussant, Hassanamisco

Kenneth Clark, discussant, Nanticoke

Kathy Clark, discussant, Nanticoke

Jody Hale, discussant, Susquehanna

Lydia Hale, discussant, Susquehanna

Edith Andrews, discussant, Wampanoag

Naomi Andrews, discussant, Wampanoag

Alberta Wilcox, discussant, Narragansett

Lloyd Wilcox, discussant, Narragansett

Helen Attaquin, discussant, Gay Head, Aquinnah Wampanoag

Mother Helen Attaquin, discussant, Gay Head, Aquinnah Wampanoag

Stilson Fands, discussant, Mohegan

Trudy Lamb, discussant, Schaghticoke

George Mitchell, Commissioner of Indian Affairs for the State of Maine

Southeast

Cherokee

Wanda Barr, dance leader

Mike Daniels, pottery

Cecil Hall, discussant

Don Mabray, discussant

Frank Mclemore, discussant

Eva Nordwell, discussant

Eunice Old Field, weaver

Knohovtee Scott, jewelry, silversmith

Ross Swimmer, discussant

Dick Spahr, head cook

Mary Lou Spahr, cook

Mrs. Ross Swimmer, discussant

Anicl Barr, dancer

Sheila Barr, dancer

Brenda Johnson, dancer

Jeanette Reese, dancer

Gina Pritchett, dancer

Michelle Ummtukee, dancer

Chickasaw

Aaron Christy, guide

Hazel Christy, dancer, beadwork

Overton James, discussant

Emma Mose, dancer

Buster Ned, dancer

Calvin Ned, dancer

Rhonda Ned, dancer

Wanda Ned, dancer, beadwork

Bienum Pickens, dancer, stickball, drummer

Adam Sampson, singer, dancer, stickball

Richard Sampson, dancer, stickball

Junior Thomas, dancer

Mary Wallace, dancer

Mrs. Overton James

Choctaw

Clelland Billy, stickball

Glendale Billy, food, cook

David Gardner, discussant

Lucinda Gibson, arts and crafts

Eula Goings, cook

Hugh Jefferson, stickball, discussant

Ray Jefferson, stickball

Louise Isscomer, beading

Myrtle Lowman, basket weaving

Sherrin Matlock, discussant

Mrs. David Gardner, discussant

Creek

Claude Cox, discussant

Paul Culley, 1925-, dancer

Wynena Evans, beadwork, singer

Brian Fife, dancer, discussant

Margaret Freeman, cook

Hepsey Gilroy, looming, dancer

Solomon McCombs, artist

Buddy Scott, silversmith, dancer

Genda Scott, basket weaving, dancer

Gene Timothy, discussant, food, Lacrosse

Mrs. Claude Cox, discussant

Seminole

Beulah Bemo, arts and crafts

Mallene Davis, singer, dancer; Miss Indian Oklahoma

Kelly Haney, artist, dancer, stickball

Samantha Hooper, education guide, dancer

Ida Little, food, shell shaker, dancer

Terry Little, cook

H. T. Miller, stomp dancer, stickball

Tom Palmer, stomp dancer, stickball

Ida Lee Redbird, shell shaker, dancer

Jennie Lee Rice, shell shaker, dancer

Ed Tanyan, discussant

Mrs. Ed Tonyan, discussant

Cherokee

William Crow, wood carver

Betty Crow, bead worker

Tuscarora

Ernest Carter, discussant

Benjamin Maynor, discussant

Muskogee

Angela Lyles, discussant

Ann Taylor Tate, discussant

Tunica-Biloxi of Louisiana

Rose Marie Gallardo, discussant

Mary Vercher, discussant

Mattaponi

Chief Curtis Custalow, discussant

Gertrude Custalow, discussant

Houma Tribe of Louisiana

Steve Cheramie, discussant

Randolph Francis, discussant

Alabama Creek

Connie S. Tullis, discussant

Buford L. Rolin, discussant

Lumbee

Donna Chavis

Sonya Allen

Southern Plains

Carla Allrunner, dancer

Richard Asenap, program coordinator

Joe Attocknie, 1911-1984, singer, flute player

Rosalie Attocknie, 1926-2011, artist

Bobbi Bradley, artist

Hawana Bradley, artist

Ronald Burless, artist

Ed Chappabitty, singer

Evelyn Chappabitty, singer

Florence Chasenah, beadworker

Gerald Chasenah, dancer

James Chasenah, singer

Kim Chasenah, dancer

Wallace Coffey, narrator, dancer

James Cox, narrator, tribal chairman

Marie Cox, craftsperson

Sam Devenney, historian, photographer

Jamie Franklin, dancer

Rita Franklin, dancer

Patty Hall

Carol Hall

Melvin Kerchee, singer, dancer

Melvin Kerchee, Jr., dancer

Nettie Kerchee, 1921-2003, dress maker, bead worker

Diane Motah, craftsperson

Lee Motah, historian, narrator

Haddan Nauni, singer

Rose Nauni, craftsperson

Leslie Niedo, bead worker

Frank Oberly, narrator

Mary Oberly, craftsperson

Sam "Doc" Peweardy, singer

Bill Poafpybitty, graphics, sculptor

Richard Ralph Poafpybitty, 1963-1996, actor

Sarah Pohosucut, historian

Henry Pratt, flute player, dancer, singer

Leonard Riddles, artist

Kenneth Saupitty, narrator

Gene Sovo, war dancer

Junior Sovo, war dancer

Margie Sovo, moccasin maker

Jerome Tahawah, singer

Edmond Tate, dancer

Joyce "Doc" Tate Nevaquaya, 1932-1996, flute player, dancer, artist

Jermone Tahawah, singer

May Tonips, beadworker, graphics, sculptor

Rick Tosee, dancer

George Wallace, singer

Juanita Wallace, singer

Eva Watchataker, beadworker

George "Woogee" Watchataker, dancer, flute player

Junior Weryackwe

Eva Weryackwe

Patricia Whitewolf, shawl maker

Sheryle Whitewolf, dancer

Elmer Winnerchy, 1917-1986, singer

Evelyn Winnerchy, 1917-1996, dancer

Prairie

Sac & Fox Tribe

Bill Grass

John Gakey

Shannon Franklin

Omer Jefferson, Jr.

Kate Walker

Winnie Gibson

Delphine Foreman

Sarah Riley

Sharon Byers

Bill Foreman

Jerry Nanaeto

Kimberly Nanaeto

Harriet Nanaeto

Barbara Hawkins

Kartherine Franklin

Ronnie Harris

Sandy Harris

R.J. Harris

Merle Boyd

Tammy Boyd

Pamela Boyd

Mabel Harris

George Harris

Leona Starr

Jimmy Starr

James L. Starr

Leota Black

Carl Butler

Cecil Littlehead

Clarissa Littlehead

Oma Patrick

Irene Harris

Georgianna LeClair

Teresa LeClair

Larry Blanchard

Linda Standing

Karen "Candy" Hunter

Henry O. Hunter

Douglas Franklin

Dino Riley

George Switch

Jessica Patterson

Muriel Patterson

Valerie Patterson

Carol Patterson

Frances Coker

Richard Mullake

Kay Kay Goodeagle

Mary Clark

Donald Marland

Mary Mack

Guy Wakalee

Huge Wakalee

Marilyn Thurman

Herschel Tiger

Jack Thorpe

Lee Bass, Jr.

Elmer Manatowa, Jr.

Northern Plains

Northern Cheyenne

Harry Littlebird, Sr., gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Annie Joyce Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Richard Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game

Serena Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Limona Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Rose Ann Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Ginger Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Theresa Brady, dancer, gourd dance, arts & crafts, cook

Curtis Brady, dancer, gourd dance, hand game

Steve Brady, dancer, gourd dance, hand game

Eggonn Brady, dancer, gourd dance, hand game

Elsie Wick, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Donna Wick, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Christine Wick, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

James Wick, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Dennis Wick, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Ernest King, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Grover Wolfvoice, 1890-1978, hand game, arts & crafts

Dale Brady, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Joe Lonewolf, dancer, gourd dance, arts & crafts, singer

Crawford Lonewolf, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, singer

Charles Brady, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Arnie Brady, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Hilda Manley, dance, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

James Littlebird, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Harriet Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Geofredo Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, singer

Clinton Birdhat, dancer, hand game, singer

Marlene Belly Mule, dancer, gourd dance, arts & crafts, cook

Ruth Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Stacey Gwen Littlebird, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts

Rose Medicine Elk, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

John Medicine Elk, Sr., gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

John Killsontop, Sr., gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Rose Killsontop, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Mike Bearcamesout, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Robert Bearchum, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Robert Redwoman, hand game, arts -- & -- crafts, singer

Mary Redwoman, hand game, arts & crafts, cook

Elmer Fightingbear, dancer, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Tommy Rockroads, dancer, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Dave Glenmora, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Wilson Brady, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Tim Littleboy, dancer, hand game, arts & crafts

Webby Runsabove, dancer, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Billy Runsabove, dancer, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Fernando Littlebird, dancer, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer

Steve Littlebird, gourd dance, hand game, arts & crafts, singer, coordinator

Northwest Coast

Les Houck

Merle Holmes

Charles Rick

Charles McKnight

Edmund Ben

Delores Pigsley

Archie Ben

Paul Jackson

Shirley Walker

Raymond Ben

Judy McKnight

Melvin McKnight

Bunni Houck

Jerry Running Foxe

Paulene Rick

Joe McKnight

Randy Rick

Boby Dumont

Victoria Ben

Dave Harley

Carlene Easter

Delbert Bell

Caroline Easter

Alaska Federation of Natives

Judy Brady

Herman Davis

Ruth Farquhar

Sharon Frank

Larry Garrity

Laura Eliz Joseph

Larry Judy

Alice Kitka

Marla Kitka

Donna Lang

Dorothy Lord

Tim McGraw

Lillian Nielsen

Mike Spoon

Martin Strand, Jr.

Martina Strand

Marlene Thomas

Cynthia Williams

Ethel Williams

Karin Williams

Janice Williams

Isabella Brady

Ethel Makinen

George Ramos

Marie Thiemeyer

Margy Johnson

Southwest

Amos Beatty

Jimmy Thompson

Charles Henry

Ron Quay

Wilkie Dazen

John Chissay

Mike Cooley

Pat Cooley

Bruce Cooley

Theresa Truesdell

Myrna Tessay

Wilfred Peaches

Manuelita Early

Jerry Lupe

Mike Truesdell

Bernice Endfield

Lula Machuse

Azlie Lupe

Pheobe Gooday

Nelson Lupe, Sr.

Shirleen Bullock

Beverly Machuse

June Marie Dale

Ophelia Peaches

Maria Endfield

Umatilla

Traditional Long House Group from Pendleton, Oregon

Edith K. McCloud, narrator, bead worker

Lillian E. Hoptowit, craftsperson, bead worker

Terry L. Hoptowit, dancer

Rosie McCloud, dancer

Eliza B. Nez, dancer

Joseph P. Tias, dancer

Bernadette B. Nez, dancer

Anthony G. Hoptowit Sr., crafts

Anna Marie Brown, buckskin worker

James Hoptowit, dancer

Donna B. Nikolaide, dancer, assist.

Willard D. Showay, singer

Arthur Williams, singer, crafts-beadwork

Lonnie R. Selam Sr., singer

William A. Johnson Sr., feather worker

Mrs. Arthur Williams, bead worker

Phillip Jackson, dancer, assist.

Eliza Bill, coordinator

Norma June Mosquito, dancer

Beksee Mosquito, singer, drummer

John Willard Hoptowit, dancer

Maisie McCloud, dancer

David Dean McKay, dancer

Babette Cowapoo, dancer

Ellen Taylor, dancer

Julie Taylor, dancer

Alberta Taylor, dancer

Ellen Johnson, bead worker

Cidric Bill, dancer

Anthony G. Hoptowit Jr., dancer

Emile Bill, dancer

Robert Bill, dancer

Sheila Bill, dancer

Sonny Gail McCloud, dancer

Angie McCloud, dancer

Raphael Bill, dancer, assist.

Veva E. Bill, storyteller

Sylvester Selam, dancer

Gabriel Selam, singer

Sandy Sampson, dancer, narrator, sign language

The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Indian Nation of Toppenash, Washington will also be featured. Simon Sampson is the coordinator.

We will feature the Ute Reservation led by Gwen Mojado, the Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada led by Harold Wyatt, and the Klamath Tribe of Oregon led by Leonard Norris.

Northern California

Miwok Tribe

William Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Cora Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Margaret Villa, dancer, lecturer, jewelry maker

Theresa Coy, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Carl Mathiesen, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Inez Mathiesen, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

David Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Ronnie Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

James Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Norman Franklin, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Robert Coy, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Elaine Barber, dancer, lecturer, hand game player

Dorothy Stanley, food demonstration, lecturer

Dwight Zutchke, dancer, lecturer

Wintun Tribe

Mary Norton, food sales

Frances McDaniel, basket maker

Pomo Tribe

Elsie Allen, 1899-1990, basket maker, Ukiah, California

Yurok Tribe

Elaine Glairy, jewelry maker

Mary Birchfield, food sales

Ollie Foseide, 1921-, basket maker, Hoopa, California

Warren Abbott, food sales, dancer

Lareta James, dancer, singer

Dewey George, 1899-1985, boat maker, dance leader, McKinleyville, California

Rosie Silva, dancer, singer

Julius Aubrey, boat making assistant, dancer

Oscar Taylor, net maker, singer, dancer

Eileen Figueroa, basket maker, singer

Sam Jones, 1913-1996, stick game player

Mark Sundberg, stick game player, dancer, canoe assistant

Lisa Sundberg, dancer, jewelry maker

Joy Sundberg, Northern California coordinator, lecturer

Karok Tribe

Charlie Tom, singer, drummer, dancer

Jo Peters, 1923-, jewelry maker, basket maker, lecturer, Hoopa, California

Tammy Peters, dancer, jewelry maker

Laura George, guide, assistant

Lorna Dodge, lecturer, guide, assistant

Tolowa Tribe

Billy Richards, dancer

Mark Richards, dancer

Nicole Richards, dancer

Loren Bommelyn, 1956-, lead singer, Fort Dick, California

Fred Moorehead, lead singer

Betty Green, dance assistant

Kim Richards, dancer

Tanya Richards, dancer

Ronnie Richards, dancer

Marvin Richards, dancer

Denise Lopez, dancer, guide

Denise Richards, dancer, guide

Pam Mattz, dancer

Joan Richards, food sales

Darlene Richards, food sales

Lorene Richards, dancer

William Richards, food sales

Viola Richards, food sales

Bill Bommelyn, dancer

Walter Richards, singer

Lila Moorehead, sand bread maker, cook

Hupa Tribe

Merve George, band leader, dancer

Eleanor Abbott, language class leader

Andy Andrioli, lecturer, guitar player, dancer

Kim Yerton, dancer, learning center assistant

Janice Yerton, learning center assistant

Endora Saxson, dancer

Mike Waterman, drummer

Doug Duncan, lead guitar player

George Disdy, guitar player

Ann Taylor, assistant

Pat Andrioli, assistant

Paiute Tribe

Joseph Saulque, lecturer, historian

Film and Video Presentation

Vern Korbe

Carol Korbe

Dick O'Rourke

Lorraine O'Rourke

Brian Tripp

Dolly Tripp

Daniel O'Rourke

Klamath Tribe

Leonard Norris, Jr., Coordinator

Cecil L. Gallagher

Nick Kimbal

Charlie Bates

Rhonda Jimenez

LaNell L. Jackson

Rose Mary Tree Top

Jean Tina Bates

Bill L. Jackson

Anna Marie Jackson

Valgene Teeman

Marc McNair

Tchinook Tribe of Oregon

Karleen F. McKenzie

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla

Leslie Minthorn, Coordinator

Quileute Tribe

Robert Bojorcas, 1943-, Coordinator, Eugene, Oregon
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1976 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1976, Series 6
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1976 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1976-ref44

African Diaspora

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The African Diaspora program was developed in 1973-74 to make a comprehensive statement about the dispersal of black culture. The area paid tribute to the varied cultural contributions of black American communities and documented how black peoples and cultures flourish throughout the world. Exploring those aspects of culture that link black Americans to Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean, presentations centered on three activities common to all : home life, worship, and trade. Each was represented on the Mall by an appropriate physical structure: a house, an altar setting, and a marketplace. In each structure, the various artistic forms - music, crafts, material culture, dance, and the spoken word - depicted black culture as a dynamic, living force. The evolution of the culture was shown as black artists of all ages carried out their skills, be they traditional, evolved, or revival.

Different countries of Africa or the New World were featured each two weeks, with U.S. participants also rotating biweekly:

June 16-27, Ghana, Jamaica

July 1-11, Haiti

July 14-25, Liberia, Trinidad and Tobago

July 28-August 8, Nigeria, Brazil, Puerto Rico

August 11-22, Zaire, Surinam

August 25-September 6, Senegal

The African Diaspora program was led by Rosie Lee H. Hooks (Program Coordinator) and Bernice Johnson Reagon (Folklorist). It was organized with guidance from the African Diaspora Advisory Group, whose members included Roy Bryce-Laporte, James Early, Halim El-Dabh, Leonard Goines, Pearl Williams Jones, René López, Jane Sapp, Fela Sowande, A. B. Spellman, and William Wiggins, Jr. Fieldwork was conducted by members of the ADAG as well as Jason Dotson, Worth Long, Carol Maillard, and Adetokunbo Olatunde.
Participants:
Participants

Juliet Amoah, Ghanaian cook, hairdresser

Betty Jean Archibald, 1933-2002, cook, Northport, Alabama

George Archibald, 1934-, cook, Northport, Alabama

Alphonse Ardoin, 1915-2007, & Canray Fontenot, 1922-1995, Cajun musicians

Carmen Austin, cook

Bible Way Church World Wide Congregation, gospel singers

The Brothers, gospel group

Derrick Bunch, musician

Charles Calendar, 1922-1995, storyteller

Calvary Crusaders, gospel singers

Sam Chatmon, 1899-1983, blues musician, El Cajon, California, ex-Mississippi

Church of God, choir

Althea Coakley, basket weaver

Beatrice Coakley, basket weaver

Julito Collazo y su Grupo Folklorico Cubano, religious

Emory Davis, jeweler and potter

Harold O. Davis Memorial Choir and Congregation of the Cornerstone Baptist Church

D.C. Black Repertory Vocal Workshop

Mu-tem-uwa Dejfu, herbalist

Sonny Diggs, arabber (fruit vendor)

Jason Dotson, storyteller

Thomas "Popcorn" Doyle, contemporary Black social dance

The Drake Brothers & Family, singers

James Dunn, leather craftsperson

Rockin' Dupsie, 1932-, Creole band

Frank Edwards, 1909-2002, musician

Farrow Choir

Amoyewa Ferrell, designer, seamstress

George Ferrell, Sr., woodcarver

JuJu Ferrell, metal sculptor, woodcarver

Free Evangelist Church, choir

Freelo Express, dancers

Charles Freeney, cook

French Lala (Cajun dance troupe)

Anna Fuller, hair braider

Minnie Lee Gardner, storyteller

Linda Goss, storyteller

U'gene Greene, jeweler

Grupo Folklorico y Experimental Nueva Yorquina, religious, musician

Bill Hines, musician

Holyland Gospel Singers

Young Hughley, storyteller

Hurricane Brass Band -- Hurricane Brass Band Leroy Jones, Jr.Greg DavisKevin HarrisCurtis JosephDarryl AdamsGregory StaffordRaymond Johnson, Jr.Al CarsonCharles L. Joseph

"In the Rapture" Cast, dramatic production

Jackson Singers, gospel singers

Arbrey L. Jones, storyteller

Walter Kelley, arabber (fruit vendor)

Kings Choral Ensemble

Kings of Harmony Spiritual Band of the United House of Prayer

Eddie Knight, 1909-, musician

Eugene Lee, storyteller

Henry Lenard, storyteller

Lighthouse Church, gospel choir

Little Wonders, gospel singers

Bob Lowery, 1931-, blues singer

Deloris Luster, storyteller

Martin, Bogan & the Armstrongs, string band

Henry Martin, storyteller

Fidel & Iris Martinez, dancers

Valerie Maynard, 1937-, sculptor

Barbara McCloud, gospel singer and pianist

Winifred McQueen, tie dyer

Members of the Cape Verdean Community (Florench Almeida, Joaquin Almeida, Theresa Almeida, Valentina Almeida, Joanna Andrade, Mary Andrade, Stephanie Correia, Walter Correia, Benjamin Duarte, George Duarte, John Durate, Rita Duarte, John "Joli" Gonsalves, Virginia Gonsalves, Jack Livramento, Manuel "Lela" Lopes, Corrine Monteiro, Antone Monteiro, Lillian Ramos, Dennis Silva, Shirley Silva, Sophie Silva, Yvonne Smart, Eduardo A. Sousa)

M. Cecil Mills Ensemble from Canaan Baptist Church, gospel singers

Mississippi Delta Blues Band, blues band

Rev. Flora Molton, 1908-1990, street singer

Avery "Slim" Montgomery, 1909-1996, blues singer

James Moody, Jr., storyteller

Moving Star Hall Singers, gospel singers

Lee Willie Nabors, 1916-1997, craftsperson

New Bethel Church of God in Christ, gospel choir

Kenneth Palm, herbalist

Ojeda Penn & the LifeForce, jazz musicians

James Peterson of the Baltimore Fellowship, gospel singer

Rufus Pinckney, craftsperson

Rev. Leon Pinson, 1919-1998, gospel singer, guitarist

L. C. Bunk Pippens, blues singer

Pleneros Ponceflos, Puerto Rican blues band

Shannon Powell, drummer

Lee Poydras, cook

Rising Star Fife & Drum Band -- Rising Star Fife & Drum Band Napoleon Strickland, 1919-2001, fife playerBernice Turner, drummerOtha Turner, drummerG.D. Young, drummer

The Robertson Family, basket weavers -- The Robertson Family, basket weaversThonis Robertson, 1910-1981Geraldine RobertsonFelicia RobertsonJacqueline RobertsonDaphne RobertsonPatricia Ann Robertson

Efrain Ronda, string instrument craftsperson

Caridad Salome, cook

Luis Salome and Band, jazz musicians

Charlie Sayles, 1948-, harmonica player, Washington, D.C.

Scene Boosters Marching Club 3rd Division

Shabu, hairdresser

Herman Sherman's Young Tuxedo Brass Band

Johnny Shines, 1915-1992, musician

Phillip Simmons, 1912-2009, blacksmith

Mary Carter Smith, 1919-2007, storyteller

Smith Brothers, gospel singers

Sons of Grace, gospel group

Souls of Unity, gospel group

Speight Sisters, gospel vocal group

Sweet Honey in the Rock, a cappella vocal group

Temple Choir, Bibleway Church

Mor Thiam and His Ensemble -- Mor Thiam and His EnsembleGregory GloderH. James LastarriaFrank WilliamsAnthony PruittFreddie WashingtonBruce PurseLeRoy Thigpen

Son Thomas, 1926-1993, potter, blues guitarist

Mr. & Mrs. Richard Thompson, basket makers

Natalia Tirado Jr., master drum-maker

The Trinidad Steel Band

Union Temple, choir

Union Temple Baptist Church Congregation

United House of Prayer for All People: band, junior choir, congregation

Wesley Methodist Church Congregation

W. J. Ensemble, vocal group

Wiregrass Sacred Harp Singers

Yoruba Village, priests, singers, drummers, dancers and craftspeople

Jamaica

Ettu Performers, singers, dancers

Basil Reid, broom maker

Samuel Hylton, potter

Roy Nelson, potter

Una Griffith, cook

Celeste Robinson, cook

Ashton "Desmond" Douglas, basket weaver

Nelson Chambers, instrument maker

Ghana

Salisu Mahama & Group -- Salisu Mahama & GroupSalisu Mahama, leader, gonje player, singer, craftspersonAshumann Iddrisu, gonje playerIddrisu Salisu, rattle playerAmadu Iddrisu, rattle playerM. D. Sulley, dancer, interpreter

Gonje Dancers -- Gonje DancersMohamed AbubariMohamadu ZibilimSeidu MbalibaYakubu Musah

Abdulai Seidu & Group -- Abdulai Seidu & GroupAbdulai Seidu, brekete drummer, donno drum makerAdam Iddi, donno drummerIdnisu Salifu; flute player

Ko Nimo & Group -- Ko Nimo & GroupDanile Ampousah (Ko Nimo), leader, guitarist, drummer, singerJ. K. Bawnah, singerKwadwo Dummaa, rhythmAugustine Nyame, drummerR. P. Twunasi, anitar, singerKwadwo (Little Noah), drummerDancersKwaku DuahAdwoa OlyankuAkua Afrizie

Nana Kwadwo Nketial, fetish dancer, kente weaver, adinkra printer & embroiderer

Craftspeople

Opoku-Worae, kente weaver, adinkra printer & embroiderer

Nana Osei Bonsu, Ashanti stool carver, adinkra stamp designer

Akwasi Attah, fetish house decorator

Haiti

Pierre Blain, leader

Andre Dimanche, sculptor

Henry Chery, cook-master

Fresnel Magloire, basketmaker

Alexandre Abraham, houngan

Alourdes Murat, mambo

Andre Jeanty, hounsie

Andre Duplan, drummer

Jean Alphonse, drummer

Julien Memorin, drummer

Altena Ulysse, flutist

Dieu-Juste Dorlette, musician

Michaud Jerome, musician

Eddy Dorlette, musician

Roland Montrevil, musician

Adonis Piton, musician

Antalcidas Murat, musician

Fritz Jolicoeur, laplace

Edner Guerrier, hounsie

Maxi Herve, hounsie

Yvonne Dorlette, hounsie

Marie-Helene Gervier, hounsie

Mireille Rodnez, hounsie

Lucienne Pierre, houngenicon

Claudette Pierre-Louis, meringue singer

Pierre-Louis Rameau, rara dancer

Liberia

Bai T. Moore, Minister

Peter Ballah, government official

Madam Gbese Kiazolu, matron

Salia Dukuly, weaver

Alfred Yegon, carver

Boima N'gebla, chief musician

Maka Blimi, drummer

Veyuga Puu, drummer

Bendu Kroma, singer

Yata Kroma, singer

Mesuah Slewah, dancer

Tene Kiazolu

Tarlo Muna

Yombo Ndoma

Lorpu Togba

Burr Suma (Nimba Bird)

Zerah Kiabolu

Hawa Morley

Jorngo Kiazolu

Beku Karmar

Sando Holta

Karko Morris

Tarkpo Bastua

Zumana Fotana

Zaid Kroma

Senegal

Maurice Sonar Senghor, Director of the National Theater

Babacar Diom, translator

Dancers

Bouly Sonko

Malang Dabo

Cheikh Dioh

Ibranhima Faye

Ousmane Dione

Marie Basse

Sona Ndiaye

Mariama Ngom

Nabou Ciss

Awa Diallo

Drummers

Abdou Dounta

Fotiguy Toure

Moussa Camara

Sadia Badian

Bakary Goubiaby

Vieux Sing Faye

Pape Gueye

Mamadou Ndiaye

Craftspeople

El Hadji Ibou Niang, jeweler

Aminata Kebe, hairdresser

Instrumentalists:

Sanna Sissoko

Soundioulou Sissoko

Singers

Mahawa Douyate

Fatou Ihiam Samb

Senegalese from Washington, D.C.

Oumou Gueye, cook

Yama Diane, cook

Brazil

Nigeria

Puerto Rico

Surinam

Trinidad & Tobago

Zaire
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1976 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1976, Series 2
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1976 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1976-ref18

Maya Lin at Smithsonian American Art - Updated Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNQUQLzKRk0

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2007-10-18T14:48:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
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Data Source:
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YouTube Channel:
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Regional America

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The Regional America program at the 1974 Festival continued the tradition of featuring the folklife of one State - in this case, Mississippi. In the six months leading up to the Festival, Smithsonian field researchers travelled 15,000 miles through 82 counties in the State. Their mission was to locate and identify traditional music, dance, craft skills, culinary arts and story-telling. They sought individuals whose skills were transmitted by families and friends in their home communities, people who were not formally trained, but who assimilated the culture of their families and neighbors since infancy. In addition to a Fiddlers' Convention and a diversity of musical performances from African American and white Mississippians, including a group of Lebanese descent, activities were organized around three themes: cotton, cattle and timber. Some 65 musicians and more than 50 craftspeople took part in the Mississippi program between July 3 and July 7, 1974.

A quarter-acre of cotton, under cultivation since mid-April 1974 by the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, grew on the Festival grounds. Visitors were invited to the related exhibits of classing, grading, ginning, carding, and spinning from plant to finished product. Several breeds of cattle were stabled on the Mall, representing an industry of increasing cultural significance. A calf-cutting demonstration with quarter horses, cattle shows and related crafts was part of the presentation. The timber exhibit demonstrated precision felling of trees, team-work on a hand-powered cross-cut saw, and workshops on timberlore and tall tales.

The Regional America program was coordinated by Peggy Martin. Mississippi's participation was coordinated by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History under the direction of Elbert R. Hilliard and Byrle A. Kynerd. The Mississippi Agriculture and Industrial Board, Mississippi Authority for Educational Television, the State Department of Agriculture and Commerce, and the Mississippi Arts Commission assisted in the presentation, which was endorsed by the Mississippi American Revolutionary Bicentennial Commission. Regional America continued to be a major program through the Bicentennial Festival in 1976.
Fieldworkers:
Richard Hulan, Worth Long, Tom Harvey, Howard Marshall, Charlotte Gutierrez, Annelen Archbold, Mack McCormick, and Andy Wallace; photographer Roland Freeman.
Participants:
Musicians

John W. Arnold, singer, Grenada, Mississippi

Brenda Ashker, dancer, Mississippi

Joseph Ashker, 1914-1994, dancer, Clinton, Mississippi

Josephine Ashker, 1921-1997, dancer, Mississippi

Joseph Ashker, Jr., dancer, Mississippi

Tommy Ashker, dancer, Mississippi

Marion "Chunk" Bentley, 1910-, caller, Rose Hill, Mississippi

Derrick Bunch, 1957-, cane flute player, Yazoo City, Mississippi

Canton Spirituals -- Canton SpiritualsEddie Lee Jackson, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiRoscoe Lucious, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiTinsley Murphy, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiClaude C. Nichols, gospel singer, Canton, MississippiMorris Taylor, gospel singer, MississippiTheodore Thompson, gospel singer, Canton, MississippiHarvey Watkins, gospel singer, Canton, MississippiCharles Yarn, gospel singer, Jackson, Mississippi

Sam Chatmon, 1899-1983, blues guitarist, Hollandale, Mississippi

Joe Cooper, drummer, blues band, Leland, Mississippi

Albert G. Dahduh, 1943-, musician, Jackson, Mississippi

George Dahduh, 1905-1994, musician, Mississippi

Dorris Dickerson, fiddler, Union, Mississippi

Duck Hill Billies -- Duck Hill BilliesS.C. Herbert, string band, Grenada, MississippiBilly J. Marter, string band, Grenada, MississippiR.E. Rainey, string band, Duck Hill, MississippiGeorge Timbs, string band, Duck Hill, MississippiClayton Tyler, 1909-1986, string band, Winona, Mississippi

Billy Hansford, fiddler, Union, Mississippi

Donald M. Hickman, musician, Meridian, Mississippi

Johnnie E. Hickman, musician, Toomsuba, Mississippi

Verna Hollingsworth, fiddler, Union, Mississippi

Hubert Hunkapiller, 1919-1987, fiddler, Booneville, Mississippi

Claude Kennedy, Sixtown band, Mendenhall, Mississippi

Eddie Knight, 1909-1992, flute player, Yazoo City, Mississippi

Leake County String Band -- Leake County String BandRoy C. Alford, 1919-2006, string band, Jackson, MississippiSam Alford, 1914-, string band, Carthage, MississippiBarney Ellis, 1905-1997, string band, Carthage, MississippiMorgan Gilmer, 1908-1978, string band, Walnut Grove, MississippiHoward B. Smith, string band, Mississippi

George McLeod, M. C., Fiddlers' Convention, Leakesville, Mississippi

Alvis Massengale, 1897-1993, fiddler, Mississippi

Jesse Mays, spiritual singer, Independence, Mississippi

Bill Mitchell, fiddler, Tupelo, Mississippi

Sylvester Moran, 1893-1987, fiddler, Lyman, Mississippi

Old Time Pickin' Partners -- Old Time Pickin' PartnersGene Bush, bluegrass musician, Goodlettsville, TennesseeRufus Comans, bluegrass musician, Hickory, MississippiRaymond Huffmaster, bluegrass musician, Lauderdale, MississippiAndy Jones, bluegrass musician, Meridian, MississippiAlvin Linton, bluegrass musician, Meridian, MississippiBernie Linton, bluegrass musician, Meridian, Mississippi

Pep Steppers -- Pep SteppersJames Alford, 1893-1971, string band musician, MississippiHoyt Ming, 1902-1985, string band musician, Ackerman, MississippiMrs. Hoyt Ming, string band musician, MississippiHoyt Ming, Jr., string band musician, Fayette, Alabama

Lonnie Lee Pitchford, 1955-1998, guitarist, Lexington, Mississippi

Mike Ross, fiddler, Union, Mississippi

Spiritual Ensemble -- Spiritual EnsembleDaniel Littleton, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiMyrtle Middleton, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiAndrew Oliver, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiBonita Rainey, gospel singer, MississippiChristine Rainey, gospel singer, Jackson, MississippiLeonard Rainey, gospel singer, Mississippi

Houston Stackhouse, 1910-1980, guitarist, Crystal Springs, Mississippi

Everett Joe Townsend, 1920-1975, spiritual singer, Independence, Mississippi

Robert Wall, fiddler, Sebastopol, Mississippi

Crafts

Willie L. Barton, 1905-, wood carver, Union, Mississippi

Robert Wayne Billie, 1950-, beader, Philadelphia, Mississippi

Michael Black, cattle spokesman, Greenwood, Mississippi

Thomas L. Burchfield, 1892-, blacksmith, Ethel, Mississippi

Wendell Callaway, sawyer, Union, Mississippi

Alena Cerinich, cook, Biloxi, Mississippi

Howard Connor, potter, Grand Junction, Tennessee

Bura Conway, 1904-1999, ox-team logger, Richton, Mississippi

James B. Cook, timber spokesman, Philadelphia, Mississippi

Cool Breeze, 1929-, wood carver, Cleveland, Mississippi

Susan Denson, basket maker, Mississippi

John Matting Ellis, broom maker, Durant, Mississippi

A. B. Eubanks, 1908-1989, ox driver, whip maker, Lucedale, Mississippi

Mark Freeman, cattleman, Mississippi

Esbie Gibson, 1910-2007, basket maker, Mississippi

Jacobina Sekul Gilich, 1913-2003, cook, Biloxi, Mississippi

James Glover, knife maker, Baldwyn, Mississippi

Gotford Hennig, 1915-, maritime blacksmith, Biloxi, Mississippi

John Hewes, cattle spokesman, Woodville, Mississippi

Eddie Hill, sawyer, Mississippi

Edwina Hobson, cotton spinner, Guntown, Mississippi

William Knight, assistant auctioneer, Collins, Mississippi

V. Joseph Langlinais, 1917-1983, net maker, Biloxi, Mississippi

Joseph Langlinais, Jr., 1937-, net maker, Biloxi, Mississippi

W. G. Lovern, chair maker, Thomastown, Mississippi

James Lucas, whittler, Weir, Mississippi

Duly Martin, 1898-1975, ox driver, Prentiss, Mississippi

Willie H. "Hamp" Martin, 1895-1976, chair maker, Lexington, Mississippi

Herman R. Massey, cattle spokesman, Jackson, Mississippi

Ethel Mohamed, 1907-1992, needle worker, Belzoni, Mississippi

Eugena Mohlhenrich, cotton spinner, Tupelo, Mississippi

Fred Moore, cattle spokesman, Morton, Mississippi

L. Willie Nabors, 1916-1997, basket maker, Oklona, Mississippi

Bert Parnell, 1910-1996, ox yoke maker, Brookhaven, Mississippi

Lollis Pierce, 1908-1990, chair maker, Leakesville, Mississippi

J. D. Rankin, cattle spokesman, Canton, Mississippi

Andrew Robertson, cotton grader, Mississippi

Liston Shows, auctioneer, Soso, Mississippi

Laymon Shumake, 1923-1989, blowgun maker, Conehatta, Mississippi

Mrs. Alan Skelton, quilter, Vicksburg, Mississippi

B. F. Smith, gin operator, Stoneville, Mississippi

Jack Smith, cattle spokesman, Mississippi

George Spears, cotton farmer, Mound Bayou, Mississippi

James Therrell, timber spokesman, Mississippi State, Mississippi

James Thomas, clay sculptor, Mississippi

T. H. Thomas, timber spokesman, Noxapater, Mississippi

Bowmar Virden, 1923-1992, cattle spokesman, Jackson, Mississippi

Richard Wesley, gin operator, Stoneville, Mississippi

Dezzie White, 1924-, corn shuck weaver, Pott's Camp, Mississippi

John White, 1910-, oak basket maker, Camden, Mississippi

Joe H. Wilson, leather worker, Bellefontaine, Mississippi

Mrs. Joe H. Wilson, leather worker, Bellefontaine, Mississippi

Frankie Lee Wright, 1948-2005, oak basket maker, Philadelphia, Mississippi
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1974, Series 8
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1974 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1974-ref1058

Oral history interview with Scott Burton, 1987 May 22-September 25

Interviewee:
Burton, Scott, 1939-1989  Search this
Burton, Scott, 1939-1989  Search this
Interviewer:
Kachur, Lewis  Search this
Subject:
Berkowitz, Leon  Search this
Louis, Morris  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12832
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212781
AAA_collcode_burton87
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212781

Oral history interview with Mansfield Bascom and Ruth Esherick Bascom about Wharton Esherick, 1990 July 13

Interviewee:
Bascom, Mansfield  Search this
Bascom, Mansfield  Search this
Interviewer:
Bascom, Ruth Esherick  Search this
Subject:
Esherick, Wharton  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12694
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213933
AAA_collcode_bascom90
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213933

E. Herndon Smith papers, 1936-1942

Creator:
Smith, E. Herndon (Edward Herndon), 1891-  Search this
Smith, E. Herndon (Edward Herndon), 1891-  Search this
Subject:
Roche, Emma  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Federal Art Project (Ala.)  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8830
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211015
AAA_collcode_smiteher
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211015

Noah Purifoy papers, 1935-1998

Creator:
Purifoy, Noah, 1917-2004  Search this
Purifoy, Noah, 1917-2004  Search this
Subject:
California Arts Council  Search this
Watts Towers Art Center  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
African American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6193
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216448
AAA_collcode_purinoah
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216448

John Little papers, 1935-1978

Creator:
Little, John, 1907-  Search this
Guild Hall of East Hampton  Search this
Little, John, 1907-  Search this
Subject:
Parker, Elizabeth  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Hunter, Sam  Search this
Signa Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Textile design -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7896
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210063
AAA_collcode_littjohn
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210063

Guiseppe Moretti papers, 1888-1981

Creator:
Moretti, Giuseppe, 1859-1935  Search this
Moretti, Giuseppe, 1859-1935  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10194
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213259
AAA_collcode_moregius
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213259

Ed McGowin papers, 1962-1998

Creator:
McGowin, Ed, 1938-  Search this
McGowin, Ed, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
DeMonte, Claudia  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6208
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216493
AAA_collcode_mcgoed
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216493

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