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Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records

Collector:
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co.  Search this
Names:
Atlantic City Railroad  Search this
Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad  Search this
Reading Belt Railroad  Search this
Bines, William H.  Search this
Boggs, George B.  Search this
Buckholz, Charles W.  Search this
Byers, Charles E.  Search this
Chamberlain, E.C.  Search this
Davis, N.M.  Search this
Gowen, Franklin B.  Search this
Jamison, Robert  Search this
Keim, George DeB  Search this
Lorenz, William  Search this
Manning, Charles P.  Search this
Nichols, Henry K.  Search this
Rice, George  Search this
Richardson, F.E.  Search this
Royers, John H.  Search this
Steele, J. Dutton  Search this
Thompson, J.W.  Search this
Whitney, E.S.  Search this
Wilson, H.T.  Search this
Wootten, John E.  Search this
Yarington, T.O.  Search this
Zacharias, H.C.  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (55 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence
Place:
Lackawanna County (Pa.)
Luzerne County (Pa.)
Cressona (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Norristown (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
New Jersey
Sumerton (Pa.)
Cheltenham (Pa.)
Sunbury (Pa.)
Reading (Pa.)
Trenton (N.J.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Date:
1860-1936
Summary:
Collection of engineering reports and correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was most used for the transportation of anthracite coal within Pennsylvania from 1833 through the early 1970s.
Scope and Contents:
Primarily outgoing correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company, the remainder being engineering reports and other miscellaneous papers.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks consists of 219 volumes from various engineers, each with own index (1865-1892): were generated by Chief Engineer, Assistant Chief Engineer, various resident engineers, other lower-level engineers, and the Chief Road-Master. Bulk of copybooks created by William H. Bines and Henry K. Nichols during long careers with the Philadelphia & Reading. Other volumes contain letters and reports by Charles W. Buckholz, Charles E. Byers, William Lorenz, and others. Correspondence covers all aspects of the engineering operations of the railroad, much of it at highest levels, being addressed to the Presidents of the Reading. Also includes one letterbook from John E. Wooten (1865), Superintendent.

Series 2: Reports of Chief Engineer to Auditor, 1908-1910; structural design calculation notebooks, 1901-1935; right of way deeds, 1903; and tracings of assorted machine parts.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks

Series 2: Reports and Miscellaneous papers
Biographical / Historical:
This railroad was chartered in 1833 to provide low-cost transportation from the Schuylkill and Mahanoy anthracite coal fields in eastern Pennsylvania to Philadelphia. Main line from Philadelphia to Pottsville opened 1842. Reading expanded by acquiring other railroads, and by 1869 had monopoly of coal traffic from Schuylkill anthracite region.

Expansion accelerated when Franklin B. Gowen became president (1869) and attempted to dominate entire anthracite trade. Purchased Schuylkill Canal (1870) to eliminate competition for coal trade; then organized the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company in 1871 to purchase and operate coal mines; secured over 40 percent of U.S. anthracite reserves, but debt incurred led railroad to bankruptcy and receivership (1880). Gowen's reckless style drove the Reading into second receivership (1886), and he was forced to resign.

Gowen's Successor, Archibald A. McLeod, tried to increase company control over anthracite trade (1892-1893), then control of several New England railroads. The Reading went bankrupt again and McLeod was ousted. In a reorganization (1896), the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad and the Coal & Iron Company became properties of the Reading Company, a holding company. Later additions to system were infrequent and largely confined to short branches and improvements inalignment. Due to anti-trust proceedings, company divested mining subsidiary (1923) and merged wholly owned railroad companies into an operating company. Acquired Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroad 1963, went bankrupt in early 1970s, and conveyed portions of its lines to Conrail (1976). The reorganized Reading Company retains real estate and other non-rail holdings.
Related Materials:
Hagley Museum & Library, Manuscripts & Archives Department, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington, Delaware 19807.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Reading Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1960s.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad accidents  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Railroads -- New Jersey  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Coal mines and mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Coal -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Railroad engineers  Search this
Coal -- Transportation  Search this
Anthracite coal industry  Search this
Railroads -- Surveying  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Signalling  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0208
See more items in:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0208

Engine House, Pottsville, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Pottsville (Pa.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal-mining machinery  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2831]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387332

Picking Slate and Bony Coal

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2832]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387333

Supervisor's House in a Coal Town, Pennsylvania

Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2835]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387334

Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2836]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387335

Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2837]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387336

Shenandoah City Colliery, Shenandoah, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania

Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Coal-mining machinery  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2838]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387337

Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2839]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387338

Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2840]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387339

Ellangowan Colliery, Shenandoah, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania

Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2843]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387341

Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

Creator:
Bretz, George M. 1842-1895  Search this
Subject:
Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921  Search this
Brown, James Templeman  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology  Search this
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)  Search this
Physical description:
8 x 10;
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Date:
1884
Topic:
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coal  Search this
Mineral industries  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2846]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_387343

[Trade catalogs from Tremont Coal Co.]

Variant company name:
Tremont Township, Schuylkill County, PA  Search this
Company Name:
Tremont Coal Co.  Search this
Notes content:
anthracite coal ; coal mining ; "Tremont Coal Company: Its Property, Resources, and Prospects" (1866)
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Frailey Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Fuel (includes oil; petroleum; gas; coal; etc.)  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Coal  Search this
Fuel  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_43018
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_43018

Early transportation, Schuylkill County / Drawings by Jim B. Hobbs

Title:
Early transportation in Schuylkill County
Author:
Historical Society of Schuylkill County  Search this
Hobbs, Jim B  Search this
Physical description:
64 p. : chiefly ill. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Pottsville (Pa.)
Date:
1963
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
HE213.P4 H57 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_548991

St. Clair : a nineteenth-century coal town's experience with a disaster-prone industry / Anthony F.C. Wallace ; with maps and technical drawings by Robert Howard

Author:
Wallace, Anthony F. C. 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 519 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania
Saint Clair (Schuylkill County)
Saint Clair (Schuylkill County, Pa.)
Date:
1987
19th century
Topic:
Coal miners--History  Search this
Coal mines and mining--History  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Call number:
HD8039.M62U6699 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_323211

Enterprise and anthracite: economics and democracy in Schuylkill County, 1820-1875

Author:
Yearley, Clifton K  Search this
Physical description:
254 p. illus., fold. maps. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill Co
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1961
Topic:
Anthracite coal  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Call number:
HD9547.P4Y39 1961
HD9547.P4Y39 1961
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_206602

The Call [microform]

Physical description:
v. : ill
Type:
Microforms
Place:
Schuylkill Haven (Pa.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1970
1950
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
mfm939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_169942

The Pottsville journal [microform]

Physical description:
v. : ill
Type:
Microforms
Place:
Pottsville (Pa.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1970
1950
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
mfm939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_169989

Evening herald [microform]

Physical description:
v. : ill
Type:
Microforms
Place:
Shenandoah (Pa.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1970
1950
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
mfm939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_169990

The Evening courier [microform]

Physical description:
v. : ill
Type:
Microforms
Place:
Tamaqua (Pa.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Date:
1970
1943
Topic:
History  Search this
Call number:
mfm939
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_169991

Report of Heber S. Thompson, Esq., ... : on the Fire at Kehley's Run Colliery, situated on the lands of the Girard Estate, near Shenandoah City, Schuylkill County, Pa

Author:
Thompson, Heber Samuel 1840-1911  Search this
Physical description:
22 p. : plans, map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Coal and coal mines
Pennsylvania
Schuylkill County
Date:
1882
Call number:
TN805.P4 T47
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_198101

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