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Portrait of Leonard Peter Schultz (1901-1986)

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-1986  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 4 x 3;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1960
Circa 1960s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Scientists  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27E_051]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404191

Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview

Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
3 audiotapes (Reference copies). 6 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1976
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Schultz was interviewed for the Oral History Program because of his long career at the Smithsonian as a curator and scientist.
Descriptive Entry:
Schultz was interviewed on March 23, 1976 by Pamela M. Henson. The interview covers his education; teaching career at the University of Washington; field work in Michigan, the western United States, Virginia, the Phoenix and Samoan Islands, Venezuela, and Bikini Atoll; research interests in life histories, tropical aquarium fishes and sharks; and his career as Curator of the Division of Fishes.
Historical Note:
Leonard Peter Schultz (1901-1986) began his career in ichthyology at Albion College, where he received his B.A. in 1924. Schultz received his M.S. in 1926 from the University of Michigan and in 1932 his Ph.D. in ichthyology from the University of Washington. From 1928 to 1936, Schultz taught at the College of Fisheries of the University of Washington. In 1936 Schultz was appointed Assistant Curator in charge of the Division of Fishes of the United States National Museum (USNM) and in 1938 was appointed Curator of the Division. After his retirement in 1968, Schultz was appointed a Research Associate of the Division of Fishes. Research interests included life histories of fishes and revisions of genera and families. Schultz did much field work and collecting in the United States, especially in the western states, and participated in expeditions to the Phoenix and Samoan Islands and the Maracaibo Basin in Venezuela. Schultz was a scientist with Crossroads Operation which conducted the scientific survey and resurvey of Bikini Atoll, the site of atomic bomb tests. Schultz also conducted a study of sharks and shark attacks for the Shark Research Panel of the American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Topic:
Operation Crossroads, 1946  Search this
Ichthyology  Search this
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Identifier:
Record Unit 9510
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9510

Interview

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9510-refidd1e216

Interview 1: March 23, 1976

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interview
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview / Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9510-refidd1e223

Schultz discusses his education, teaching, field work, research, and career in ichthyology as Curator of Fishes, USNM, c. 1921-1976.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interview
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview / Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9510-refidd1e238

Transcript, pp. 1-101, of audio recording, 3 hours.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interview
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview / Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9510-refidd1e249

Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 3 hours

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interview
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9510, Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
See more items in:
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview
Leonard P. Schultz Oral History Interview / Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9510-refidd1e260

Leonard Peter Schultz Papers

Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Extent:
16.36 cu. ft. (32 document boxes) (1 5x8 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Microfilms
Serials (publications)
Glass negatives
Clippings
Newsletters
Illustrations
Manuscripts
Newspapers
Diaries
Date:
circa 1915-1970, with related papers from 1899
Descriptive Entry:
These papers concern Schultz's personal and professional life and include notes, correspondence, research data, sketches, manuscripts, meeting programs, clippings, and published works concerning general ichthyology; ichthyological nomenclature; sharks and shark attacks; professional societies; expeditions, particularly the Bikini survey and resurvey program in conjunction with the atomic bomb tests; Schultz's teaching, curatorial, and research careers; and books and articles he published.

Correspondents include: Tokihara Abe, G. Adam, Armonia S. Alonso, Dayton Lee Alverson, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Fisheries Society, American Institute of Biological Sciences, American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists, American Scientific Congress (8th), American Society of Fish Prevaricators, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Chuichi Araga, Arctic Institute of North America, Mahlon Ashford, Atlantic Estuarine Research Society, James Wade Atz, Herbert R. Axelrod, Richard H. Backus, Spencer F. Baird (Ref.), Keppel Harcourt Barnard, Marie-Louise Bauchot, Barton A. Bean, L. F. De Beaufort, L. Bertin, Henry Bryant Bigelow, M. Blanc, Marinus Boeseman, James Erwin Bohlke, Rolf Ling Bolin, Cecil von Bonde, Paul Bonnot, Hubrand Boschma, Charles Marcus Breder, Jr., John Carmon Briggs, Vernon E. Brock, Merrill W. Brown, Jorge Brum Do Canto, Jose Manuel Castello, Paul Chabanaud, Wilbert McLeod Chapman, B. S. Chauhan, J. Howard Choat, Eugenie Clark, Frances Naomi Clark, Wilbert Amie Clemens, Bruce Baden Collette, Ralph S. Collier, C. M. Cooke, III, Victor M. Coppleson, Cosmos Club, D. R. Crawford, William H. Dall (Ref.), Jeanette D'Aubrey, John Richardson Dymond, (Capt.) P. Ellingsen, Rolande Esteve, Alexander G. Fairchild, L. J. Farley, Mrs. John Fletcher, Claude Flock, William I. Follett, Henry Weed Fowler, Thomas Gaerste, Sidney Roland Galler, John Andrew Frank Garrick, Jacques Gery, Perry Webster Gilbert, Raymond Maurice Gilmore, Nick Gorshenin, William A. Gosline, Leo M. Grace, John Enos Graf, P. H. Greenwodd, Herbert E. Gregory, Eugene Willis Gudger, Janet Haig, Bruce W. Halstead, T. L. Hankinson, Robert R. Harry, Daniel Lyman Hazard, (Ref.), Gene Helfman, Francis Hemming, Arthur W. Henn, Earl S. Herald, Albert W. Herre, W. S. Hiser, Sunder Lal Hora, Masayuki Hoshina, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, Laura C. Hubbs, Robert Franklin Hutton, International Indian Ocean Expedition, K. C. Jayaram, Eldridge R. Fenimore Johnson, S. Jones, David Starr Jordan, Wolfgang Klausewitz, F. P. Koumans, Vicko Krunic, William A. Kyburz, Francesca R. Lamonte, Henry Landes, Thomas Large, William Leapley, Michael Lerner, Conrad Limbaugh, Limnological Society of America, Robert Livingstone, Jr., George Albert Llano, Martin L. Loftus, William D. Longest, Norman Barry Marshall, D. Ryle Masson, Gerald E. Maul, Hermann Meinken, Daniel Merriman, Cecil Miles, Erna Mohr, John F. C. Morgans, James Edwin Morrow, Jr., Al Murphy, George Sprague Myers, Teodor T. Nalbant, John Treadwell Nichols, Jorgen Nielsen, J. R. Norman, Paul Harry Oesher, Pacific Scientific Congresses, E. Parkes, Albert Eide Parr, James A. Peters, Julius B. Phillips, John Ernest Randall, A. M. Rapson, Michael Reed, Paulo De Miranda Ribeiro, Willis Horton Rich, William Edwin Ricker, Richard Heinrich Rosenblatt, Carl Sandquis, C. Gibson Scheaffer, Peter Schmidt, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, William C. Schroeder, Leonard Peter Schultz, N. B. Scofield, Alvin Seale, William H. Sebeste, Shark Research Panel (American Institute of Biological Sciences), Hugh McCormick Smith, James L. B. Smith, John Otterbein Snyder, Society of Systematic Zoology, South African Oceanographic Research Institute, Stewart Springer, Victor G. Springer, P. V. Sreenivasan, H. Steinitz, Leonhard Stejneger, William M. Stephens, Donald Wishart Strasburg, Arnie John Suomela, Arthur Svihla, Frank H. Talbot, A. Vedel Taning, Gerard W. Teague, John Tee-van, Albert Lewis Tester, Enrico Tortonese, Ethelwynn Trewavas, Dehys William Tucker, Underwater Society of America, United States Naval Medical Research Institute, John Van Oosten, William Vorderwinkler, Joseph Howe Wales, Lionel A. Walford, Boyd Wallace Walker, Gordon L. Walls, Alfred C. Weed, Stanley Howard Weitzman, Arthur Donovan Welander, Alexander Wetmore, Peter J. Whitehead, Gilbert Percy Whitley, Wayne E. Williams, Howard Elliott Winn, Jack Winslow, Loren P. Woods, Richard Laurence Zusi.
Historical Note:
Leonard Peter Schultz (1901- ) was born in Albion, Michigan. He received his A.B. degree from Albion College in 1924, his M.S. from the University of Michigan in 1926, and his Ph.D. from the University of Washington in 1932. Before accepting the position of assistant curator of fishes in the United States National Museum in 1936, Schultz taught at the University of Michigan, 1925-1927, and the University of Washington, 1928-1936. Schultz served as assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Division of Fishes, a position he held until 1965. He held the title senior zoologist from 1965 to 1968. Since 1968 Schultz has served as zoologist emeritus for the Museum.

Schultz participated in numerous biological expeditions during his career. Sponsoring organizations included the universities of Michigan and Washington, the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, and the Departments of State and the Navy. Areas visited on expeditions included the western United States, 1926, 1934, and 1936; the Phoenix and Samoan Islands, 1939; Venezuela, 1942; and Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands, 1946 and 1947.

Beginning in 1958 a large portion of Schultz's time was spent on shark attack research. He served as secretary of the Shark Research Panel of the American Institute of Biological Sciences and collected international data about shark attacks under a grant sponsored by the Office of Naval Research.

Schultz authored and co-authored numerous publications, largely resulting from his participation in various ichthyological expeditions. Major fields of interest include sharks and shark attacks, life histories of fishes, revisions of genera and families, spawning habits, classification, taxonomy, and races of fishes.
Topic:
Ichthyology  Search this
Ichthyologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Microfilms
Serials (publications)
Glass negatives
Clippings
Newsletters
Illustrations
Manuscripts
Newspapers
Diaries
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7222
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7222

Folder 15 Engraulidae, circa 1950-1964. Includes correspondence with Carl Leavitt Hubbs and Peter J. Whitehead.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1010

Folder 16 Exocoetidae

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1022

Folder 17 Fistulariidae

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1035

Folder 18 Gadidae, circa 1933-1940. Includes correspondence with Carl Leavitt Hubbs, George Sprague Myers, Alfred C. Weed, and Alexander Wetmore.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1047

Folder 19 Gobiesocidae, circa 1944-1953. Includes correspondence with John Carmon Briggs, Henry Weed Fowler, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, Cecil Miles, and Waldo LaSalle Schmitt.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1059

Folder 20 Gobiidae, circa 1939

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1071

Folder 21 Gymnotidae, circa 1951

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1083

Folder 22 Haemulidae

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1095

Folder 23 Haplomi (order), circa 1929-1935. Includes correspondence with Charles Marcus Breder, Jr., Claude Flock, Eugene Willis Gudger, T. L. Hankinson, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, Laura C. Hubbs, David Starr Jordan, Henry Landes, George Sprague Myers, J. R. ...

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1108

Folder 24 Hemiramphidae, circa 1946-1954. Includes correspondence with Robert Livingstone, Jr.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1120

Folder 25 Holocentridae, circa 1938-1951. Includes correspondence with William A. Gosline, Norman Barry Marshall, Erna Mohr, Hugh McCormick Smith, and Leonhard Stejneger.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1132

Folder 26 Hybrids: Apocope/Richardsonius, circa 1932-1935. Includes correspondence with Carl Leavitt Hubbs and George Sprague Myers.

Collection Creator::
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
See more items in:
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers / Series 1: ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH FILE, CIRCA 1920-1968 AND UNDATED. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7222-refidd1e1144

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