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The People of India, Volume Seven

Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes), 1827-1892.  Search this
Kaye, John William, Sir, 1814-1876  Search this
Collection Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes), 1827-1892.  Search this
Kaye, John William, Sir, 1814-1876  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
Container:
Box 10
Culture:
Rajput (Indic people)  Search this
Hindus  Search this
Muslims  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Volumes
Local Numbers:
FSA A1990.03 7
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Indigenous peoples -- South Asia  Search this
Ethnography -- South Asia  Search this
Collection Citation:
The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Identifier:
FSA.A1990.03, Series FSA A1990.03 7
See more items in:
The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3b8f1b4f8-5531-4828-a5a6-277fc80a2dc6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a1990-03-ref7
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  • View The People of India, Volume Seven digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Persian Post-Sassanian, Bronze Vase Handle

Collection Creator:
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Richardson, Constance, 1905-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947-1952
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Edgar P. Richardson papers, 1814-1996, bulk 1921-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers
E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers / Series 2: E.P. Richardson's Personal Art Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9accefc70-ab3b-433f-9751-4aabe51958a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richedga-ref90

Fragment

Medium:
Medium: silk Technique: 2\1 twill with complementary wefts and inner warps Label: silk twill with complementary wefts
Dimensions:
H x W: 15.6 × 27.6 cm (6 1/8 × 10 7/8 in.)
Type:
woven textiles
Fragment
Made in:
Iran
Date:
10th century
Credit Line:
Gift of John Pierpont Morgan
Accession Number:
1902-1-211-a/h
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq45a617687-154f-484e-aad1-ee1672bdc7fe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1902-1-211-a_h
Online Media:

Textile

Medium:
Medium: undyed linen warp (Z2S), Z-spun wool weft with S-spun undyed linen Technique: weft-faced plain weave; slit tapestry with non-horizontal wefts
Dimensions:
H x W: 19.1 × 9.5 cm (7 1/2 × 3 3/4 in.)
Type:
woven textiles
Textile
Made in:
Egypt
Date:
9th–12th century
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Emil Delmar
Accession Number:
1948-112-2
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4ae240ae6-441d-4b98-a1b3-ebba6a96d38c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1948-112-2

Amlash pendant, Sassanian or earlier suspension

Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Jewelry and Ornament
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of George Anavian
Accession Number:
FSC-B-115
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3f9542f7a-dba8-4dae-9c0d-181d93e55774
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_FSC-B-115
Online Media:

Textile

Medium:
Medium: linen, wool Technique: plain weave with discontinuous wefts (slit tapestry) with eccentric wefts
Dimensions:
Warp x Weft: 47.6 × 5.1 cm (18 3/4 in. × 2 in.)
Type:
woven textiles
Textile
Made in:
Eastern Mediterranean
Date:
5th–7th century
Credit Line:
Gift of Clara Waldeck
Accession Number:
1969-170-26
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4d8ebbb04-0163-4a6e-ad54-6f1768a16105
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1969-170-26

Fragment

Medium:
Medium: Technique: embroidered
Type:
embroidery & stitching
Fragment
Made in:
Near East
Credit Line:
Bequest of Marian Hague
Accession Number:
1971-50-30
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq48f93e831-9b43-440f-829c-97277bc659c6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1971-50-30

Roundels

Manufacturer:
Lisio, (Florence, Italy, founded 1906)  Search this
Medium:
Medium: silk Technique: two interconnected structures
Dimensions:
H x W (a): 27.5 × 29.5 cm (10 13/16 × 11 5/8 in.)
H x W (b): 28.5 × 30 cm (11 1/4 × 11 13/16 in.)
Type:
woven textiles
Roundels
Made in:
Florence, Italy
Date:
1920–50
Accession Number:
1983-64-3-a,b
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Textiles Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq48a2d0869-1d31-4315-9ec7-ba4aacc9d261
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1983-64-3-a_b

United States Mint Accounts Book, United States, ca 1856 - 1903

Maker:
United States Mint  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 25.5 cm x 20 cm x 2.3 cm; 10 1/32 in x 7 7/8 in x 29/32 in
Object Name:
book
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1856 - 1903
Credit Line:
Transfer from the United States Mint
ID Number:
2017.0036.1
Accession number:
2017.0036
Catalog number:
2017.0036.1
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-720d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1826638
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  • View United States Mint Accounts Book, United States, ca 1856 - 1903 digital asset number 1
  • View United States Mint Accounts Book, United States, ca 1856 - 1903 digital asset number 2

Sassanian coins arranged from works on the subject by Mordtmann, Stickel, Rawlinson, Thomas, and Longpérier, with drawings of coins in the British Museum, the plates of Dorn &c drawn and transcribed by Wm. H. Valentine

Author:
Valentine, W. H (William H.)  Search this
Physical description:
118 pages illustrations, facsimile 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1921
Topic:
Coins, Sassanid  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1076900

Sales Register

Collection Creator:
Oldman, W. O. (William Ockleford), 1879-1949  Search this
Extent:
255 Digital images
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Date:
1904-1910
Collection Restrictions:
Digital access only. For physical access see the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa website. https://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/agent/4913
Collection Rights:
Copyright in the business records is owned by the Estate of W. O. Oldman represented by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Media Licensing, at: mediasalesandlicensing@tepapa.govt.nz.

For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changedand the source of the image is identified as the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa/National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Citation:
William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.RM.001, Item CA000228/001/0001
See more items in:
William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv495851c08-25ab-46cf-bcef-f74451b11837
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-rm-001-ref1
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  • View Sales Register digital asset number 1

Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran): Sasanian Relief Showing the Investiture of Ardashir I by the God Ahura Mazda (Hormizd)

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Islamic Archives  Search this
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, --.- cm. x --.- cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Date:
1900-1905
Scope and Contents:
"The relief is the first one from the left in the site, marking the precedence of the Sassanian dynasty. The photograph is most probably taken in the mid-day sun as the deep shadows under the horses - particularly that of the king - give volume to the relief." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- Handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "1183."
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "The glass negative is broken."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 15.11: Sassanian relief." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Arrangement:
According to Myron B. Smith handwritten document (Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran), Antoin Sevruguin's 696 glass negatives, at the time of their acquisition, were arranged into 61 boxes without any apparent organization. Today they are housed in archival document boxes, essentially duplicating the original arrangement, and stored on shelves. This glass negative was included into "Box 15."
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.15.11
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Animals in art  Search this
headgear  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. FSA.A.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04, Item FSA A.4 2.12.GN.15.11
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Myron Bement Smith Collection / Series 2: The Islamic Archives / 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs / 2.12.01: Glass Plate Negatives / Glass Plate Negatives: Sets 1-61
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39bc7127d-1ab8-4708-b039-e89701fa4cf9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-04-ref10095

Vicinity of Shahr-i Ray (Iran): Chasman-i-ali Mound: Qajar Rock Relief Depicting Fath Ali Shah

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Islamic Archives  Search this
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print, b&w, 24 cm. x 18 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Ray (Iran)
Date:
1880s-1930
Scope and Contents:
"The image is of a rock relief of Qajar period in the route from Tehran to Chishma Ali, one of the Qajar kings' favorite camping spots. The relief echoes the Sassanian tradition of depicting their kings in the rock relief. In the case of this one, Fath Ali Shah is surrounded by sixteen of his sons, the name of each of which is inscribed beside the carved heads. the relief includes two sets of inscriptions: a qasida by Andalib and verses by the head of the chancellery, Mirza Muhammad Taqi Aliabadi (Sahib-i Divan). The relief was ordered in 1830-1831, probably by Fath Ali Shah." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- On recto of the print, faded handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "817."
- On recto of the print, scratched handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "131."
- On verso of the print (lower left corner), original stamp, in French and Persian, reads, "Photographie Sevruguin."
- On verso of the print, Myron Bement Smith caption in English reads, "Persia; Tehrān; "Chasme Ali? [at Shah Abdul Azim]"; rock relief."
Arrangement:
Gelatin silver prints organized by Myron B. Smith into subject categories (People; Architecture - Pre-Islamic; Royalty - Residences - Gulistan Palace (Tehran; Architecture; Landscapes). This print is in the following subject category: Architecture - Qajar.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, although his family studio continued for some time as a commercial enterprise.
Local Numbers:
[18(E2)]

FSA A.4 2.12.Sm.40
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
headgear  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Qajar dynasty, -- Iran, -- 1794-1925  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. FSA.A.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04, Item FSA A.4 2.12.Sm.40
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Myron Bement Smith Collection / Series 2: The Islamic Archives / 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs / 2.12.02: Sevruguin Smith Prints / Architecture: Qajar
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc36523883c-afb8-44a3-9a02-0f64d6035daf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-04-ref9855

Vicinity of Shahr-i Rayy (Iran): Chasman-i-ali Mound: Qajar Rock Relief Depicting Fath Ali Shah

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Islamic Archives  Search this
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 24 cm. x 18.2 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Ray (Iran)
Date:
1880-1930
Scope and Contents:
"The image is of a rock relief of Qajar period in the route from Tehran to Chishma Ali, one of the Qajar kings' favorite camping spots. The relief echoes the Sassanian tradition of depicting their kings in the rock relief. In the case of this one, Fath Ali Shah is surrounded by sixteen of his sons, the name of each of which is inscribed beside the carved heads. the relief includes two sets of inscriptions: a qasida by Andalib and verses by the head of the chancellery, Mirza Muhammad Taqi Aliabadi (Sahib-i Divan). The relief was ordered in 1830-1831, probably by Fath Ali Shah and it depicts Fath Ali Shah, seating on what appears to be the peacock throne, surrounded by sixteen of his sons, the name of each of which is inscribed beside the carved heads. Fath Ali Shah Qajar was the second king of Qajar dynasty in Iran that rulled the country for around 37 years (1797-1834). He was born to Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar's brother and since Aqa mohammad Khan did not have a child, Fath Ali shah assumed the position of the king upon his death." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- Handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "817."
- Scratched handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "131."
- Handwritten information on slip of paper (from a 1943-1944 cash book, produced by the Bathni Brothers, Tehran) reads, "83) Bridge near Resht." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information]
Arrangement:
According to Myron B. Smith handwritten document (Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran), Antoin Sevruguin's 696 glass negatives, at the time of their acquisition, were arranged into 61 boxes without any apparent organization. Today they are housed in archival document boxes, essentially duplicating the original arrangement, and stored on shelves. This glass negative was not included into any of the original boxes.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.04 2.12.GN.00.11
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
headgear  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Qajar dynasty, -- Iran, -- 1794-1925  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. FSA.A.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04, Item FSA A.04 2.12.GN.00.11
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Myron Bement Smith Collection / Series 2: The Islamic Archives / 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs / 2.12.01: Glass Plate Negatives / Glass Plate Negatives: Sets 1-61
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc30683a1b8-bfec-4025-b11d-0317ffe72fe3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-04-ref9925
Online Media:

Rayy (Iran): Chasman-i-ali Mound: Qajar Rock Relief Depicting Fath Ali Shah

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Islamic Archives  Search this
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (b&w, 24 cm. x 17.9 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Ray (Iran)
Date:
1880-1930
Scope and Contents:
"The image is of a rock relief of Qajar period on route from Tehran to Chishma Ali, one of the Qajar kings' favorite camping spots. The relief echoes the Sassanian tradition of depicting their kings in the rock relief. The relief includes two sets of inscriptions: a qasida by Andalib and verses by the head of the chancellery, Mirza Muhammad Taqi Aliabadi (Sahib-i Divan). The relief was ordered in 1830-1831, probably by Fath Ali Shah and it depicts Fath Ali Shah, seating on what appears to be the peacock throne, surrounded by sixteen of his sons, the name of each of which is inscribed beside the carved heads. Fath Ali Shah Qajar was the second king of Qajar dynasty in Iran that rulled the country for around 37 years (1797-1834). He was born to Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar's brother and since Aqa mohammad Khan did not have a child, Fath Ali shah assumed the position of the king upon his death. There is another image of the same relief - from a different angle and showing a bit more detail - in the archives (Neg.0.11). Unlike the other one, however, this image depicts a group of local and non-local visitors to the site. The three men on the left side of the image seem to be foreign travellers, most probably accompanied by a translator - standing on the far left - and a group of local guides/attendants." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "The glass negative is broken with portions of the glass missing."
- Scratched handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "1333."
- Faded handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) not readable.
- Handwritten information on slip of paper (from a 1943-1944 cash book, produced by the Bathni Brothers, Tehran) reads, "Chashmiyi Ali at Shah Abdul Azim." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information]
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 35.3: Unknown, cracked." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Arrangement:
According to Myron B. Smith handwritten document (Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran), Antoin Sevruguin's 696 glass negatives, at the time of their acquisition, were arranged into 61 boxes without any apparent organization. Today they are housed in archival document boxes, essentially duplicating the original arrangement, and stored on shelves. This glass negative was included into "Box 35."
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Local Numbers:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.35.03
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Qajar dynasty, -- Iran, -- 1794-1925  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. FSA.A.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04, Item FSA A.4 2.12.GN.35.03
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Myron Bement Smith Collection / Series 2: The Islamic Archives / 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs / 2.12.01: Glass Plate Negatives / Glass Plate Negatives: Sets 1-61
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d8b5c593-b83c-40bf-86da-39b87b9f80bf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-04-ref10296

M-1: Pahlavik, publ. Paikuli. p.117

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper squeeze, b&w, 17 in.x 25 in. (43 cm. x 63 cm.))
Container:
Item M-1
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Paikuli (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1923
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 4303.
Scope and Contents:
Original handwritten annotation reads, "1."
Additional information from Ernst Herzfeld's 1924 Paikuli publication reads, "[Plate] 117. Pahlavik version A'.1 (photograph of the paper squeeze); [Plate] 118. Pahlavik version A'.1 (photographs of the facsimile and the block)."
Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "No. 1 ([neg.] 4303) Pahlavik, published in Paikuli. p.117."
Additional information from Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication reads, "The ruin of the Sassanian monument of Paikuli is situated close to the southern ascent to the [Paikuli] pass. Originally, the monument consisted of a solid square tower. Four identical colossal busts of one and the same king of kings were built into the four walls. The western wall bore a large Middle-Persian inscription (eight rows of blocks, with a total of 46 lines), whereas the eastern wall bore the Parthian version of this (seven rows, with a total of 42 lines, all of them surviving in a fragmentary state. The subject of the inscription, carefully carved and written in perspective, is the quarrel over the succession, between Narseh (293-303) and Varahrān (293). In the course of his first two expeditions, in 1911 and 1913, E. Herzfeld had discovered a total of 97 inscribed blocks (54 Middle Persian, 43 Parthian). On his last visit to Paikuli in 1923, Herzfeld excavated the site and found 30 additional blocks (20 Middle Persian, 10 Parthian), which raise the total number of surviving blocks to 133." [Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, 1980: "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert; pp.13-16."]
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq): Squeeze A'.1, Parthian Version
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized in sequential number following language scripts, which are housed in folders, and stored in metal flat files.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; M-001

FSA A.6 06.M001
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924," and Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Paper squeezes related primarly to two expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911 and 1913, as well an excavation campaign carried out on site by Ernst Herzfeld in 1923.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 06.M001
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions / 6.2: Middle Persian Inscriptions
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc32aa1c202-17f9-4ee4-8e5f-3ed37210985f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9988

M-2: Pahlavik, publ. Paikuli. p.119

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper squeeze, b&w, 18 in.x 27 in. (46 cm. x 68.5 cm.))
Container:
Item M-2
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Paikuli (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1923
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative 4304.
Scope and Contents:
Original handwritten annotation reads, "."
Additional information from Ernst Herzfeld's 1924 Paikuli publication reads, "[Plate] 119. Pahlavik version A'.2 (photograph of the paper squeeze)."
Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "No. 2 ([neg.] 4304) Pahlavik, published in Paikuli. p.119."
Additional information from Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication reads, "The ruin of the Sassanian monument of Paikuli is situated close to the southern ascent to the [Paikuli] pass. Originally, the monument consisted of a solid square tower. Four identical colossal busts of one and the same king of kings were built into the four walls. The western wall bore a large Middle-Persian inscription (eight rows of blocks, with a total of 46 lines), whereas the eastern wall bore the Parthian version of this (seven rows, with a total of 42 lines, all of them surviving in a fragmentary state. The subject of the inscription, carefully carved and written in perspective, is the quarrel over the succession, between Narseh (293-303) and Varahrān (293). In the course of his first two expeditions, in 1911 and 1913, E. Herzfeld had discovered a total of 97 inscribed blocks (54 Middle Persian, 43 Parthian). On his last visit to Paikuli in 1923, Herzfeld excavated the site and found 30 additional blocks (20 Middle Persian, 10 Parthian), which raise the total number of surviving blocks to 133." [Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, 1980: "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert; pp.13-16."]
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq): Squeeze A'.2, Parthian Version
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized in sequential number following language scripts, which are housed in folders, and stored in metal flat files.
Local Numbers:
M-002

FSA A.6 06.M002
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924," and Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Paper squeezes related primarly to two expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911 and 1913, as well an excavation campaign carried out on site by Ernst Herzfeld in 1923.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 06.M002
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions / 6.2: Middle Persian Inscriptions
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3fd9564e4-2978-478f-a450-c74656b38aae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9990

M-3: Pahlavik, publ. Paikuli. p.121

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper squeeze, b&w, 18 in.x 26 in. (46 cm. x 66 cm.))
Container:
Item M-3
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Paikuli (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1923
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative 4305.
Scope and Contents:
- Original handwritten annotation reads, "."
- Additional information from Ernst Herzfeld's 1924 Paikuli publication reads, "[Plate] 121. Pahlavik version A'.6 (photograph of the paper squeeze)."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "No. 3 ([neg.] 4305) Pahlavik, published in Paikuli. p.121."
- Information from Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication reads, "The ruin of the Sassanian monument of Paikuli is situated close to the southern ascent to the [Paikuli] pass. Originally, the monument consisted of a solid square tower. Four identical colossal busts of one and the same king of kings were built into the four walls. The western wall bore a large Middle-Persian inscription (eight rows of blocks, with a total of 46 lines), whereas the eastern wall bore the Parthian version of this (seven rows, with a total of 42 lines, all of them surviving in a fragmentary state. The subject of the inscription, carefully carved and written in perspective, is the quarrel over the succession, between Narseh (293-303) and Varahrān (293). In the course of his first two expeditions, in 1911 and 1913, E. Herzfeld had discovered a total of 97 inscribed blocks (54 Middle Persian, 43 Parthian). On his last visit to Paikuli in 1923, Herzfeld excavated the site and found 30 additional blocks (20 Middle Persian, 10 Parthian), which raise the total number of surviving blocks to 133." [Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, 1980: "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert; pp.13-16."]
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq): Squeeze A'.6, Parthian Version
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized in sequential number following language scripts, which are housed in folders, and stored in metal flat files.
Local Numbers:
M-003

FSA A.6 06.M003
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924," and Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Paper squeezes related primarly to two expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911 and 1913, as well an excavation campaign carried out on site by Ernst Herzfeld in 1923.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 06.M003
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions / 6.2: Middle Persian Inscriptions
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f249fce7-81cc-4110-a564-38e4835e6e28
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9992

M-4: Pahlavik, publ. Paikuli. p.123

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper squeeze, b&w, 18 in.x 26 in. (46 cm. x 66 cm.))
Container:
Item M-4
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Paikuli (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1923
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative 4306.
Scope and Contents:
- Original handwritten annotation reads, "."
- Additional information from Ernst Herzfeld's 1924 Paikuli publication reads, "[Plate] 123. Pahlavik version A'.8 (photograph of the paper squeeze)."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "No. 4 ([neg.] 4306) Pahlavik, published in Paikuli. p.123."
- Information from Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication reads, "The ruin of the Sassanian monument of Paikuli is situated close to the southern ascent to the [Paikuli] pass. Originally, the monument consisted of a solid square tower. Four identical colossal busts of one and the same king of kings were built into the four walls. The western wall bore a large Middle-Persian inscription (eight rows of blocks, with a total of 46 lines), whereas the eastern wall bore the Parthian version of this (seven rows, with a total of 42 lines, all of them surviving in a fragmentary state. The subject of the inscription, carefully carved and written in perspective, is the quarrel over the succession, between Narseh (293-303) and Varahrān (293). In the course of his first two expeditions, in 1911 and 1913, E. Herzfeld had discovered a total of 97 inscribed blocks (54 Middle Persian, 43 Parthian). On his last visit to Paikuli in 1923, Herzfeld excavated the site and found 30 additional blocks (20 Middle Persian, 10 Parthian), which raise the total number of surviving blocks to 133." [Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, 1980: "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert; pp.13-16."]
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq): Squeeze A'.8, Parthian Version
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized in sequential number following language scripts, which are housed in folders, and stored in metal flat files.
Local Numbers:
M-004

FSA A.6 06.M004
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924," and Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Paper squeezes related primarly to two expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911 and 1913, as well an excavation campaign carried out on site by Ernst Herzfeld in 1923.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 06.M004
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions / 6.2: Middle Persian Inscriptions
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc39ed5b47a-fd62-4899-b3ea-b42377c1e836
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9994

M-5: Pahlavik, publ. Paikuli. p.125

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper squeeze, b&w, 18 in.x 27 in. (46 cm. x 68.5 cm.))
Container:
Item M-5
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Paikuli (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1923
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative 4307.
Scope and Contents:
- Original handwritten annotation reads, "."
- Additional information from Ernst Herzfeld's 1924 Paikuli publication reads, "[Plate] 125. Pahlavik version A'.10 (photograph of the paper squeeze)."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "No. 5 ([neg.] 4307) Pahlavik, published in Paikuli. p.125."
- Information from Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication reads, "The ruin of the Sassanian monument of Paikuli is situated close to the southern ascent to the [Paikuli] pass. Originally, the monument consisted of a solid square tower. Four identical colossal busts of one and the same king of kings were built into the four walls. The western wall bore a large Middle-Persian inscription (eight rows of blocks, with a total of 46 lines), whereas the eastern wall bore the Parthian version of this (seven rows, with a total of 42 lines, all of them surviving in a fragmentary state. The subject of the inscription, carefully carved and written in perspective, is the quarrel over the succession, between Narseh (293-303) and Varahrān (293). In the course of his first two expeditions, in 1911 and 1913, E. Herzfeld had discovered a total of 97 inscribed blocks (54 Middle Persian, 43 Parthian). On his last visit to Paikuli in 1923, Herzfeld excavated the site and found 30 additional blocks (20 Middle Persian, 10 Parthian), which raise the total number of surviving blocks to 133." [Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, 1980: "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert; pp.13-16."]
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq): Squeeze A'.10, Parthian Version
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized in sequential number following language scripts, which are housed in folders, and stored in metal flat files.
Local Numbers:
M-005

FSA A.6 06.M005
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924," and Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Paper squeezes related primarly to two expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911 and 1913, as well an excavation campaign carried out on site by Ernst Herzfeld in 1923.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 06.M005
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions / 6.2: Middle Persian Inscriptions
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3590d95df-0993-4564-8c1d-e821be45d450
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9996

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