Photographic postcards made by Adam Clark Vroman of California Missions and Camulos Ranch, part of "Vroman's Series of Postcards." The depicted mission include San Juan Bautista, Santa Clara, San Luis Rey de Francia, San Juan Capistrano, San Gabriel Arcangel, San Antonio de Pala, San Diego de Alcala, San Buenaventura, Santa Barbara, Santa Ynez, La Purisima Conception, San Luis Obispo de Toloso, San Miguel, San Antonio de Padua, Our Lady of Solitude, Soledad, San Fernando Rey, San Francisco de Asis, Carmel (Monterey), and San Francisco Solano. The photographs of Camulos Ranch relate to Helen Hunt Jackson's book Ramona and have the subtitle "Ramona Haunts" with a notation of related book pages.
Adam Clark Vroman (1856-1916) was a bookstore owner and photographer of Southwest Native Americans and culture. He and his wife moved to Pasadena, California, in 1892, where he took up photography, mostly documenting pueblos in New Mexico. After his wife's death in 1894, Vroman opened a bookstore in Pasadena, though he continued to make photography excursions to southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico. He also made photographs for the Bureau of American Ethnology during two expeditions in 1897 and 1899. Vroman's photographs illustrated the 1913 edition of Helen Hunt Jackson's novel Ramona.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-58
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Vroman can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 92-3, the records of the Department of Anthropology, and the BAE historical negatives.
Correspondence from Vroman can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Otis Tufton Mason papers.
The Smithsonian American Art Musem, University of California-Riverside's Museum of Photography, Massachusetts Historical Society, and the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona Libraries hold Vroman photographs.
An interview of William Morris conducted 2009 July 13-14, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Morris' home, in Stanwood, Washington.
William Morris speaks of his decision to stop working in glass in 2005; his deep connection to the natural world; working now with stone; the longstanding theme of man and nature in his work; his influence on the studio glass movement; use of installations; relationship to the greater art world; Cache ; the importance of working in a team, particularly with Jon Ormbrek; studio practice and philosophy of working in the studio; series Man Adorned and first use of the human form; how his work evolves artistically; the influence of his travels on his work and his particular affinity for Mesoamerican culture; the process of choosing his subjects; growing up in Carmel, California, and frequenting the museum at the Carmel Mission Basilica; his early fascination with Native American artifacts and history in the museum; childhood spent hiking in the hills around Carmel and youth spent camping and rock-climbing; art instruction during childhood; ceramics work in high school; introduction to ideas of Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell by his high school teacher, Lloyd Baskerville; undergraduate work at California State University, Chico, working with Vernon Patrick; first experience with glass in high school, through the Fort Ord military base crafts department; brief studies at Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington; arriving at Pilchuck Glass School, Stanwood, Washington, in 1977 as a shop assistant/maintenance person; his first encounter with Dale Chihuly; 10 years as Chihuly's main assistant and de facto apprenticeship; his greater overall technical education at Pilchuck; the development of his own team as he continued to work with Chihuly; working with Chihuly and Italo Scanga; the synergy of working in a group and artistic cross-pollination at Pilchuck; the influence and mentorship of Judy Pfaff; working with Italian glass masters at Pilchuck; the influence of Pino Signoretto; his trip with Chihuly to the British Isles, which inspired his series Stone Vessels and series Standing Stones in the mid-1980s; his practice of working in series; series Petroglyph Vessels, and the beginning of narrative in his work; the importance of naiveté, experimentation, and a "confidence in innocence"; series Artifacts; the influence of Donald Lipski on Morris' installations; series Burial Urns and series Burial Rafts; series Canopic Jars; commissions for George Stroemple; the genesis of the series Rhyton; the transcendental/mythic qualities in his work; series Crow and Raven; more discussion of series Man Adorned; series Rattles; collaboration with fashion designer Donna Karan; the importance of glass as a material, and the importance of "play"; the value of an apprentice-type program; his work in bronze and with Nancy Graves; series Cinerary Urns and coming to terms with the deaths of close friends; series Mazorca; series Idolo and Idolito; series Native Species (2006); series Fish Traps; more discussion of his decision to leave glassworking; documentary film Creative Nature, 2008; "Myth, Object, and the Animal" exhibition; the adventurous spirit of the American studio glass movement, particularly in the early years; his preference for short workshops rather than longer teaching sessions; the aesthetic continuity of his work throughout his career; his appreciation of the community of collectors of glass art. He also recalls Ken Wiese, Robert and Terrie Kvenild, Bertil and Ulrica Vallien, Gary Galbraith, Stan Price, Dennis Oppenheim, Kiki Smith, Dante Marioni, Livio Seguso, Marvin Lipofsky, Benjamin Moore, Jamie Carpenter, Checco Ongaro, Lino Tagliapietra, Ricky DeMarco, Flora Mace, Joey Kirkpatrick, Trumaine Mason, Karen Willenbrink, Ross Richmond, Randy Walker, John Hauberg, Stanislav Libenský, Graham Graham, Charlie Cowles, George and Dorothy Saxe, and Jack and Rebecca Benaroya.
Biographical / Historical:
William Morris (1957- ) is a glass artist in Stanwood, Washington.
Originally recorded on 3 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 5 min.
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.