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Bushmen songs (rec. by Bob Stein)

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-5RR-5583
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Topic:
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-5RR-5583
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / RR
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk506adfda7-7b8f-48f7-a66c-3bef3edcc247
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref27268

Bushman Folk Tales

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-4267
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-4267
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / RR
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5640ce704-7ca9-410f-a7c1-bfc270325f42
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref25952

M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection

Photographer:
Patterson, Mary Marvin Breckinridge  Search this
Names:
Hatch, Olivia Stokes  Search this
Extent:
113 Photographic prints ((0.4 cubic feet), black and white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller )
3 Photographs ((1 folder), color)
7 Manuscripts (document genre) ((4 folders), publications)
47 Contact sheets ((0.2 cubic feet), black and white)
Culture:
Shona (African people)  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Zulu (African people)  Search this
Xhosa (African people)  Search this
Ila (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Manuscripts (document genre)
Contact sheets
Publications
Place:
Zanzibar
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Africa
Kenya
Luxor (Egypt)
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda
Date:
1932, circa 1960s-1970s
bulk 1932
Summary:
The collection measures 0.65 cubic feet, dates from 1932 - circa 1970s, and is primarily comprised of photographs taken by M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson during her trip with Olivia Stokes Hatch from Capetown, South Africa, to Cairo, Egypt in 1932. The photographs document the peoples of Africa in Egypt, Kenya, South Africa, Sudan, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), Uganda, Congo (Democratic Republic) and Zanzibar, including the Baila, San, Shona, Xhosa and Zulu peoples. There are also some publications and contact sheets in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 113 black and white photographic prints taken by M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson during her trip with Olivia Stokes Hatch from Capetown, South Africa, to Cairo, Egypt in 1932; 3 color photographic prints taken in 1971 of mbira, pipes, and a sculpture; publications; and contact sheets. Many of the photographs from the 1932 trip were published in Olivia's African Diary: Cape Town to Cairo," (Washington, D.C.: Eastern Press, 1980).

The photographs document the peoples of Africa in Egypt, Kenya, South Africa, Sudan, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), Uganda, Congo (Democratic Republic) and Zanzibar, including the Baila, San, Shona, Xhosa and Zulu peoples. Subjects include a bride and groom at Lovedale, South Africa; dancers at the Crown Mine near Johannesburg, South Africa; flower vendors in Cape Town, South Africa; two leading elders at Amanzimtoti, South Africa; a craftsman making spears; a tanner in the Sudan; miners with their wives in Katanga (now Shaba), Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo); schoolboys in the Sudan; a Shona man; women lining-up to receive rations in the Belgian Congo; workers pouring gold at the Crown Mine near Johannesburg, South Africa; and a Zulu woman at a market in Durban, Natal, South Africa.

Depicted architecture includes the Queen Hatshepsut's room at Karnak, Luxor, Egypt; and the ruins of Great Zimbabwe. Images of the natural world include a mountain at Cape Town, South Africa; a park in Port Elizabeth, South Africa; and Victoria Falls, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Finally, there are numerous images of animals, including egrets, ostriches and wildebeests.

Photographs from the collection were published in the Boston Herald (July 31, 1933) and the Crown Colonist (August 1933).
Arrangement note:
Arranged in three series. Series 1 is arranged by country. Series 2 is arranged in chronological order.

Series 1: Photographs, 1932, 1971 (Boxes 1-3, 116 items, 0.4 cubic feet)

Series 2: Publications, circa 1960s-1970s (Box 3, 4 folders)

Series 3: Contact Sheets, 1932 (Box 3, 0.2 cubic feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Photographer, broadcaster, and filmmaker Mary Marvin Breckinridge Patterson (1905-2002), grandchild of Vice President John Cabell Breckinridge, was a photographer, broadcaster and filmmaker. Following graduation from Vassar College in 1928, Breckinridge worked for the Frontier Nursing Service (a group comprised mainly of women that provided medical services to remote areas in Appalachia), earned a pilot's license (the first woman in Maine to do so), and assisted in the office of the Democratic National Committee. In 1932 she traveled to Africa where she documented the peoples and places throughout the continent.

She enrolled in the Clarence White School of Photography in New York in 1933, taking trainings on photographic developing and printing. She then worked in the office of Democratic congresswoman, and distant relative, Isabella Selmes Greenway, but soon returned to the Clarence White School of Photography for a longer course of study. Following graduation, she began selling photographs and sometimes articles in several magazines, including LIFE, Harper's Bazar, and Town and Country. Her film credits include "She Goes to Vassar" (1931), a film that provides an overview of college life at Vassar, and "The Forgotten Frontier", a documentary about the activities of the Frontier Nursing Service, a group comprised mainly of women that provided medical services to remote areas in Appalachia.

Travelling to Europe in 1939 on photojournalism assignments, Breckinridge was in Switzerland when the Nazis invaded Poland, starting World War II. She traveled to London to photograph the evacuation of English children, one of only four American photographers in England for the first months of the war. Edward Murrow hired her as the first female news broadcaster for the CBS World News Roundup to report from Europe. As the only female member of "The Murrow Boys", an elite group of only eleven broadcasters handpicked by Murrow, she broadcasted 50 reports from seven countries.

While working in Berlin, she married Foreign Service Officer Jefferson Patterson. She resigned from CBS, hoping to resume her career in photojournalism, but State Department policies restricted her ability to publish. The couple was posted in Peru, Belgium, Egypt, the Balkans and Uruguay.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs
Publications
Citation:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson collection, EEPA 1985-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-009
See more items in:
M. Marvin Breckinridge Patterson Collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77e8c1bcf-9ecd-404f-bdb1-edff6e7a5d30
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1985-009
Online Media:

John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman film and video collection

Collaborator:
McElwee, Ross  Search this
Blitz, Daniel  Search this
Bishop, John Melville  Search this
Baker, Peter  Search this
Ritchie, Claire  Search this
Young, Robert  Search this
Terry, John  Search this
Galvin, Frank  Search this
Bestall, Clifford  Search this
Gardner, Robert  Search this
Asch, Timothy, 1932-1994  Search this
Marshall, Lorna  Search this
Creator:
Marshall, John, 1932-2005 (ethnographic filmmaker)  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes (map drawers)
3 Video recordings (published videos or video series)
99 Linear feet (714,405 feet (332 hours) 16mm film, 435 hours video tape, 309 hours audio tape, 21 published film and video titles, 29 unpublished film and video titles, 14 linear feet paper records)
Culture:
San (African people)  Search this
Bushman  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Documentary films
Place:
Namibia
Date:
1950-2000
Summary:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection contains full film and video projects (outtake material), film production elements and edited films and videos, audio tapes, still photographs, negatives, transparencies, slides, published and unpublished writing by John Marshall and others, study guides for edited films, Nyae Nyae Development Foundation and Advocacy files, maps, and production files that include letters, shot logs, translations, transcriptions, editing logs, treatments, and proposals spanning from 1950-2000. This material comprises Marshall's long-term documentary record of the Ju/'hoansi of the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert in northeastern Namibia. A great deal of the film and video footage focuses on one particular extended family, that of Toma Tsamko, whose ancestral home is at /Gautcha, an area with a large salt pan and a permanent waterhole. The life stories of some family members are captured in the footage; appearing as children in the 1950's, middle-aged parents in the 1980's, and pensioners in the final years of visual documentation. The Marshall Collection also documents other Ju/'hoansi living in Nyae Nyae and elsewhere, their relationships with neighboring ethnic groups, and national politics that affected Ju/'hoansi. Marshall also documented the local political body (the Nyae Nyae Farmers' Cooperative, or NNFC), the foundation he started (the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia, or NNDFN), and the ways in which both groups worked with and were affected by international development organizations and foreign aid during the 1990's.
Scope and Contents:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection contains full film and video projects (outtake material), film production elements and edited films and videos, audio tapes, still photographs, negatives, transparencies, slides, published and unpublished writing by John Marshall and others, study guides for edited films, Nyae Nyae Development Foundation and Advocacy files, maps, and production files that include letters, shot logs, translations, transcriptions, editing logs, treatments, and proposals spanning from 1950-2000.

This material comprises Marshall's long-term documentary record of the Ju/'hoansi of the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert in northeastern Namibia. A great deal of the film and video footage focuses on one particular extended family, that of Toma Tsamko, whose ancestral home is at /Gautcha, an area with a large salt pan and a permanent waterhole. The life stories of some family members are captured in the footage; appearing as children in the 1950's, middle-aged parents in the 1980's, and pensioners in the final years of visual documentation. Beginning in 1978, Marshall often conducted lengthy and in depth interviews with many family members, in which they reflect on past, present, and future, and often comment on specific film footage from earlier years which was shown to them during the interviews. The collection is not limited to the /Gautcha family, however; it also documents other Ju/'hoansi living in Nyae Nyae and elsewhere, their relationships with neighboring ethnic groups, and national politics that affected Ju/'hoansi. Marshall also documented the local political body (the Nyae Nyae Farmers' Cooperative, or NNFC), the foundation he started (the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia, or NNDFN), and the ways in which both groups worked with and were affected by international development organizations and foreign aid during the 1990's. The collection also documents changes to the landscape and wildlife of the Nyae Nyae region.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 13 series: (1) Unedited Film and Video Projects, 1950-1978, 1981-2003; (2) Published Films and Videos, 1952-2002; (3) Unpublished Films and Videos, 1959-1962, circa 1965; (4) Audio, 1950s, 1978-1990; (5) Field Notes, Shot Logs, Translations, 1951-2000; (6) Production Files, 1952-2004; (7) Correspondence, 1968-2003 [bulk 1993-2000]; (8) Nyae Nyae Development Foundation & Advocacy Files, 1975-2003 [bulk 1984-2003]; (9) Published and Unpublished Writing, 1957-1958, 1980-1999, 2007; (10) Study Guides, 1974, 1982; (11) Writings by Others & Press, 1952-1953, 1965-2005; (12) Photographs, 1930s, 1946-2003; (13) Maps, 1872, 1879, 1914, 1933-1989.
Biographical / Historical:
John Marshall, filmmaker and activist, was born on November 12, 1932 in Boston, Massachusetts. He grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts and on his family's farm in Peterborough, New Hampshire. Marshall first picked up a camera in 1950, at the age of 18, during the first of several expeditions to the Kalahari organized by his father, Laurence Marshall, the founding president of the Raytheon Corporation. The whole Marshall family - including John's mother, Lorna, and sister, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas - became engaged in a multi-disciplinary study of the Ju/'hoansi. Marshall's father assigned him the task of making a documentary film record of Ju/'hoan life and culture. Between 1950 and 1958, he shot over 300,000 feet of 16mm film (157 hours).

Marshall formed a close bond with many of his Ju/'hoan subjects, particularly with Toma "Stumpy" Tsamko, leader of the /Gautcha band. Amongst Ju/'hoansi, Marshall was known as Toma Xhosi, Toma "Longface". Probably because of this close relationship, he was forced to leave South West Africa in 1958 after his visa expired, and was not allowed back for twenty years.

During the 1960's and 1970's, Marshall became well-established as a cinema vérité filmmaker. After leaving the Film Study Center at Harvard, which he had co-directed with Robert Gardner, he worked briefly with Robert Drew and D.A. Pennebaker, and later collaborated with Fredrick Wiseman on Titicut Follies (1967). He forged friendships with leading documentary and ethnographic filmmakers, including Timothy Asch, Ricky Leacock, and Jean Rouch.

Throughout these years, Marshall continued to work with his extensive footage of Ju/'hoansi. He completed 15 short films, as well as the award-winning Bitter Melons. In 1968, Marshall partnered with Tim Asch to found Documentary Educational Resources (DER), to distribute and support the creation of ethnographic and educational film.

In 1978 Marshall was allowed to return to Nyae Nyae to shoot N!ai, the Story of a !Kung Woman. Finding his Ju/'hoan friends beset by illness, poverty, and growing social ills, John turned his attentions to development and advocacy work. Virtually abandoning his filmmaking career, Marshall started a foundation to assist Ju/'hoansi and spent most of the 1980's helping them establish water access, subsistence farming, and a local government. He began using film as an advocacy tool, and released several urgent, issuefocused videos to raise awareness of the Ju/'hoan struggle for self-determination.

Marshall continued his documentary record of Ju/'hoansi, directing his final shoot in 2000. A Kalahari Family (2002), his epic six-hour series, tells the story of the Ju/'hoansi from 1950-2000 and charts Marshall 's evolution from filmmaker to activist. He made his final visit to Nyae Nyae in 2004, and continued his advocacy work right up to his final days. John Marshall died due to complications from lung cancer on April 22, 2005.

John Marshall Chronology

1932 -- Born in Boston, Massachusetts

1950-1958 -- Marshall Family expeditions to study the Ju/'hoansi of Nyae Nyae

1957 -- Awarded B.A. in Anthropology from Harvard University The Hunters released

1958-1960 -- Associate Director (with Robert Gardner) of the Film Study Center, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1960 -- Awarded G.S.A.S. in Anthropology from Yale University

1960-1963 -- Director, Bushmen Film Unit, Harvard University

1962 -- Sha//ge Curing Ceremony (early version of A Curing Ceremony), A Group of Women and Joking Relationship screened at Flaherty Seminar

1964-1965 -- Cameraman for NBC covering civil war in Cyprus

1966 -- Awarded M.A. in Anthropology from Harvard University

1967 -- Cameraman and Co-Director of Fredrick Wiseman's Titicut Follies

1968 -- Founded Documentary Educational Resources (DER) with Timothy Asch (first known as CDA, Center for Documentary Anthropology)

1968-1969 -- Cameraman and Director of film shoots for the Pittsburgh Police series, produced through the Center for Violence Studies at Brandeis University

1970-1974 -- Edited and released numerous short films, from both Ju/'hoan (!Kung) and Pittsburgh Police series

1972 -- Collaborated with Nicholas England (musicologist) on a film project documenting a family of drummers in Ghana (this film was never completed)

1972-1973 -- Travel to Botswana to film National Geographic's Bushmen of the Kalahari, produced by Wolper Productions

1974 -- If It Fits, documentary on failing shoe industry in Haverhill, MA, released

1976 -- Director and cameraman of film shoots for Smithsonian Festival of American Folklife

1978 -- Film shoot in Nyae Nyae for N!ai, The Story of a !Kung Woman

1980 -- N!ai, The Story of a !Kung Woman released and broadcast on PBS as partof the Odyssey series

1980-1982 -- Conducted genealogical survey in Nyae Nyae with Claire Ritchie

1982 -- Founded the Ju/wa Cattle Fund (later known as the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia)

1985 -- Pull Ourselves Up or Die Out, Marshall's first "field report" edited on video, released

1989 -- Returns to Boston after Namibian independence

1991 -- To Hold Our Ground, another "field report" is aired on Namibian television shortly before a national Land Rights Conference

1993 -- The Cinema of John Marshall published

1995 -- Awarded Honorary M.F.A. from Rhode Island School of Design

2000 -- Final video shoot in Nyae Nyae

2002 -- A Kalahari Family premieres at the Margaret Mead Film Festival in New York City; released for general distribution in 2003

2004 -- Makes final visit to Nyae Nyae; presents proposal for water point protections

2005 -- Dies in Boston, Massachusetts
Orthography Note:
Ju/'hoansi are the speakers of the Ju/'hoan language. Various cultural descriptors used over the years include !Kung which is a language group containing three dialect groups, one of which is the Ju/'hoansi; San, which is now regarded by the Ju/'hoansi to have negative connotations; and Bushman, which ironically (given the derogatory history of this term) is now preferred by the Ju/'hoansi as a term of dignity. (Orthography information provided by Dr. Polly Wiessner, University of Utah anthropologist and longtime field worker among and researcher of the Ju/'hoansi.)

The orthography of the Ju/'hoan language has changed many times, though an official orthography was agreed upon and accepted by the Namibian government in 1991. The finding aid, cataloging records, and shot logs for the Marshall collection at Human Studies Film Archives continue to use the orthography used by the Marshall family beginning in 1950. These spellings are usually anglicized versions of the official orthography. For example, the name ≠Oma was usually rendered by the Marshalls as Toma; the place name /Aotcha as /Gautcha or Gautscha.

The majority of the footage was shot in a region of Namibia (formerly South West Africa) known as Nyae Nyae. In the 1960's, a portion of the Nyae Nyae area was officially established as a homeland for Ju/'hoansi by the South West African administration. This area, once called Eastern Bushmanland, is now known as Eastern Otjozondjupa, however it is still referred to as Nyae Nyae by Ju/'hoansi and others. The Nyae Nyae Conservancy, which encompasses a large portion of Eastern Otjozondjupa, was established in 1996.
Filmography:
JU/'HOAN BUSHMAN FILM SERIES

1952 -- First Film [also known as !Kung Bushmen of the Kalahari] (by Lorna Marshall)

1957 -- The Hunters

1959 -- A Curing Ceremony

1961 -- A Group Of Women

1962 -- A Joking Relationship

1966 -- !Kung Bushmen Hunting Equipment (directed by Lorna Marshall)

1969 -- N/um Tchai: The Ceremonial Dance of the !Kung Bushmen

1969 -- An Argument About A Marriage

1970 -- The Lion Game

1970 -- The Melon Tossing Game

1971 -- Bitter Melons

1972 -- Debe's Tantrum

1972 -- Men Bathing

1972 -- Playing With Scorpions

1972 -- A Rite of Passage

1972 -- The Wasp Nest

1974 -- Baobab Play

1974 -- Children Throw Toy Assegais

1974 -- The Meat Fight

1974 -- Tug-Of-War

1980 -- N!ai, the Story of a !Kung Woman

1985 -- Pull Ourselves Up Or Die Out

1990 -- To Hold Our Ground: A Field Report

1991 -- Peabody Museum !Kung San Exhibit Video

2002 -- A Kalahari Family

In addition to Marshall's many published films on the Ju/'hoansi, he was also involved in a variety of other film projects. He shot and co-directed Titicut Follies, a film by Fredrick Wiseman. Working in association with the Lemburg Center for Violence Studies at Brandeis University, he shot and directed a series of short films about a police squad in Pittsburgh, PA, known as the Pittsburgh Police series. He also shot and directed If It Fits, a film about the failing shoe industry in Haverhill, MA. Marshall was also the subject of two television programs: Bushmen of the Kalahari, a National Geographic special which aired in the United States, and a Japanese program called Forty Years in the Kalahari, part of the television series, Our Wonderful World. All of these, as well as Marshall's Ju/'hoan films, are included in this filmography.

PITTSBURGH POLICE SERIES

1970 -- Inside/Outside Station 9

1971 -- Three Domestics

1971 -- Vagrant Woman

1972 -- 901/904

1972 -- Investigation of a Hit and Run

1973 -- After the Game

1973 -- The 4th, 5th, & Exclusionary Rule

1973 -- A Forty Dollar Misunderstanding

1973 -- Henry Is Drunk

1973 -- The Informant

1973 -- A Legal Discussion of a Hit and Run

1973 -- Manifold Controversy

1973 -- Nothing Hurt But My Pride

1973 -- Two Brothers

1973 -- $21 or 21 Days

1973 -- Wrong Kid

1973 -- You Wasn't Loitering

OTHER FILMS

1967 -- Titicut Follies (Co-Director, Cinematographer; film by Fredrick Wiseman)

1972 -- Ghana Drumming (uncompleted; collaboration with Nicholas England)

1974 -- Bushmen of the Kalahari (by Wolper Productions for National Geographic)

1975 -- Vermont Kids (series of short films; released in 2007)

1976 -- Festival of American Folklife (uncompleted; shot for Smithsonian Institution)

1978 -- If It Fits

1988 -- Our Wonderful World: Forty Years in the Kalahari (by Nippon A-V Productions)
Related Materials:
The Human Studies Film Archives holds several related collections, including:

• The Nicholas England Collection, which consists of audio recordings from 1951-1961. This collection contains both originals and duplicates of audio tapes recorded during the Marshall Expeditions. (2005.9) • The Journal of Robert Gesteland, kept during the Marshall !Kung Expedition VI, 1957-58. (2007.17) • Master copies of the full film record of Bushmen of the Kalahari (1974), a television program featuring John Marshall's 1973 visit to the /Gwi San of Botswana, produced by Wolper Productions for National Geographic. (2008.12) • Reference copies of the full video record of Our Wonderful World: Forty Years in the Desert, Nippon A-V's 1988 Japanese television program about John Marshall and the Ju/Wa Bushman Development Foundation. (2009.2.1) • Master copies of the videotape "library" kept by John Marshall for reference and stock footage purposes. Compiled from various sources, the videos include news programs, documentaries, and raw footage of Ju/'hoansi and other San peoples from the 1920's --1990's, as well as interviews with John Marshall and his mother, Lorna Marshall. (2009.2) • Additional audio recordings, including interviews with Ju/'hoansi made by John Marshall and others. (2009.3) • Full film record of [Ghana Drumming, 1972], an uncompleted project undertaken by John Marshall and Nicholas England, which documents a family of musicians. (2008.11)

The Papers of Timothy Asch, held at the National Anthropological Archives, contain information on Asch's work with John Marshall at Harvard University from 1959-1963, their collaboration in founding DER, and details on the use of Marshall's Ju/'hoan footage in the development of MACOS (Man, A Course of Study).

There are also several closely related collections held at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. These collections relate to the 1950's Marshall Expeditions and include: Expeditionary Notebooks and Journals of Lorna and Laurence Marshall; Journal of Elizabeth Marshall Thomas; the Marshall Family Photograph Collection; and the Records of the South West Africa Expeditions, 1950- 1959. The Harvard Film Archive, Harvard University, holds film prints of several of Marshall's published films on the Ju/'hoansi, including The Hunters.
Provenance:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection was received over several years of accessioning from different parties.
Restrictions:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection is open for research. Please contact the Archives for availabilty of access copies of audio visual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played. Materials relating to Series 6 Production Files are restricted and not available for research until 2048, 2063, 2072. Kinship diagrams in Series 13 are restricted due to privacy concerns. Various copyrights and restrictions on commercial use apply to the reproduction or publication of film, video, audio, photographs, and maps.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Information on reproduction and fees available from repository.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Documentary films
Citation:
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection, 1950-2000, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
HSFA.1983.11
See more items in:
John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman film and video collection
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9837628c2-5993-4cb8-8a98-9d1139f46452
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-hsfa-1983-11
Online Media:

Officers in San village, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4464, 4465; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064464
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo75231fe39-586b-4c85-a29f-f030f6b5e18b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10000

Wood in the sand, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4464, 4465; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064465
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo72b1db479-0683-4b1e-a6cb-fa33081f2d28
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10001

Officers in San village, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4466; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064466
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7782c5507-a18e-436c-b3f5-a5f612230ecf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10002

Tree, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 6x9 cm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4467; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064467
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo76a28339f-5968-451d-8513-04a0a1f38692
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10003

Campfire, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4468, 4469; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064468
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7151c96aa-c8cc-46ab-9f77-20c78e866da2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10005

San men and officer, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4468, 4469; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064469
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7979e129f-59e8-492b-bf9c-644645bf818a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10007

San boy with spear, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4470, 4471; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064470
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo73d066278-ccaf-41da-81bf-7d0272c38eb2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10011

San boy with spear, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4470, 4471; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064471
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f87a1398-bdc1-4b0a-adea-5bafcc613b85
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10013

San men tending cattle, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4472; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064472
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f06a7af3-7834-469a-9fb4-297ad4b691c8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10015

San woman carrying wood, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4473; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064473
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7c1ad9215-e24f-427e-8927-33c02d2d7ca3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10017

San men tending cattle, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4474; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064474
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo76944d807-c8a6-4010-b20f-c63f197d6165
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10018

San man butchering cattle, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4475, 4476; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064475
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7fffc986a-91eb-47ee-8d8d-3686cf141de1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10019

San man butchering cattle, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4475, 4476; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064476
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70a0c7913-5874-4f27-a402-e6a5659305d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10021

San women, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4477, 4478; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064477
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7d5f47817-f299-4690-8ac1-362b479b1ff6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10023

San woman with baby, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4477, 4478; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064478
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f0772493-9812-4309-abad-96ce9ab1e696
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10025

Slain cattle, Kalahari Desert, Botswana

Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Larrabee, Constance Stuart  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1947
General:
Strip number: 4479, 4480; Larrabee's description on negative sleeve: Bushmen of the Kalahari
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Kalahari Desert, Botswana  Search this
San (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection, EEPA 1998-006, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1998-006, Item EEPA 1998-064479
See more items in:
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection
Constance Stuart Larrabee Collection / Series 1: Photographs / Photographs / San Peoples, Kalahari Desert, Botswana
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo791f40880-33be-452f-8722-1ea41b803686
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1998-006-ref10027

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