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James McNeill Whistler collection, 1863-1906

Creator:
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Subject:
Anderson, Christine  Search this
Boehm, Joseph Edgar, Sir  Search this
Beck, J. W.  Search this
Burnett, Frances Hodgson  Search this
Bronson, Katharine de Kay  Search this
Burnett, Swan M. (Swan Moses)  Search this
Lee, George Washington Custis  Search this
Ford, Sheridan  Search this
Leighton of Stretton, Frederic Leighton, Baron  Search this
Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward)  Search this
Lucas, George A.  Search this
Pollitt, Herbert Charles Jerome  Search this
Wilde, Oscar  Search this
Company of the Butterfly  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition  Search this
Royal Academy of Arts (Great Britain)  Search this
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Salon des refusés  Search this
Type:
Postcards
Pamphlets
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9349
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211545
AAA_collcode_whisjame2
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211545
Online Media:

James McNeill Whistler collection

Creator:
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Names:
Company of the Butterfly  Search this
Royal Academy of Arts (Great Britain)  Search this
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Salon des refusés  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Anderson, Christine  Search this
Beck, J. W.  Search this
Boehm, Joseph Edgar, Sir, 1834-1890  Search this
Bronson, Katharine de Kay, 1834-1901  Search this
Burnett, Frances Hodgson, 1849-1924  Search this
Burnett, Swan M. (Swan Moses), 1847-1906  Search this
Ford, Sheridan, d. 1922  Search this
Lee, George Washington Custis, 1832-1913  Search this
Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870  Search this
Leighton of Stretton, Frederic Leighton, Baron, 1830-1896  Search this
Lucas, George A., 1824-1909  Search this
Pollitt, Herbert Charles Jerome, 1871-1942  Search this
Wilde, Oscar, 1854-1900  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Pamphlets
Date:
1863-1906, circa 1940
Summary:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and provides scattered documentation of the career of American-born British-based painter and etcher James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) through 39 items from Whistler to various recipients, including 25 letters, 9 telegraphs, 3 invitations, one thank you card and a postcard. The collection also contains 4 letters from others, 7 catalogs of Whistler exhibitions, a note from the back of Whistler's painting The Beach at Selsey Bill, and a 1906 copy of Wilde v. Whistler: being an acromonious correspondence on art between Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler, a pamphlet containing letters originally published in London newspapers between 1885 and 1890.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 0.2 linear feet and provides scattered documentation of the career of American-born British-based painter and etcher James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) through 39 items from Whistler to various recipients, including 25 letters, 9 telegraphs, 3 invitations, one thank you card and a postcard. The collection also contains 4 letters from others, 7 catalogs of Whistler exhibitions, a note from the back of Whistler's painting The Beach at Selsey Bill, and a 1906 copy of Wilde v. Whistler: being an acromonious correspondence on art between Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler, a pamphlet containing letters originally published in London newspapers between 1885 and 1890.

The Whistler letters found here touch on some important events in Whistler's career. One letter to George Lucas, an American art dealer in Paris, discusses his plans to send Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl to the Paris Salon of 1863. Rejected by the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 1862, the painting was also refused by the Paris Salon but shown ultimately in the landmark exhibition at the Salon des Refusés.

Also found are a circa 1879 letter to the eldest son of Robert E. Lee, General George Washington Custis Lee, with whom Whistler had been a cadet at West Point, recommending sculptor Joseph Boehm for an equestrian statue for memorializing Lee and expressing Whistler's veneration for the Confederate general; a circa 1880 letter from Whistler, written during his 14 months in Venice, to Katharine de Kay Bronson, who presided over the expatriate community there; 2 circa 1892-1893 letters documenting Whistler's determination to pursue Sheridan Ford through the courts in response to Ford's publication of a contraband version of Whistler's book The Gentle Art of Making Enemies; and a circa 1897 letter to J. W. Beck, sent in response to Beck's request on behalf of the Royal Academy that he exhibit with the British contingent at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. In the letter Whistler insults Sir Frederic Leighton, the Royal Academy's president, retaliating against previous slights including having his paintings hung well above eye-level, or "skied".

Although few, if any, records survive about the creation of The Company of the Butterfly, a syndicate established in 1897 for selling Whistler's work, the collection contains one letter from Christine Anderson, the secretary of the Company, to one of it's first clients, Herbert Charles Pollitt.

The collection also contains an 1883 invitation from Whistler to Dr. Swan Burnett and his wife, children's author Frances Hodgson Burnett, to view etchings and drypoints and a note written by Whistler and signed with the butterfly, taken from the back of the painting Beach at Selsey Bill (1865).

Seven catalogs dating from 1892-1910 and circa 1940 document Whistler exhibitions in London and the United States.

Seven of the Whistler items are signed with his butterfly signature and all letters sent after his wife's death in May 1896 are on mourning stationary.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series:

Series 1: James McNeill Whistler Collection, 1863-1906, circa 1940 (Box 1; 0.2 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
London-based painter and etcher, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) was born in Lowell, Massachusetts and lived in St. Petersburg and London as a child before returning to the United States on the death of his father in 1849. After a failed attempt at a military career at West Point from 1851-1853, he worked as a draftsman for the Coast Survey from 1854-1855 where he received technical instruction in etching. Whistler then left for Paris and remained an expatriot for the rest of his life, living alternately in Paris and London. He studied briefly in Paris at the Ecole Impériale, but was influenced more heavily by his own studies of the great masters and his contemporaries, including Henri Fantin-Latour, Charles Baudelaire, Gustave Courbet, and Edouard Manet.

Whistler's reputation as an etcher was firmly established with the 1858 publication of his group of "French Set" etchings. Shortly thereafter he settled in London and began work on his first major painting At the Piano (1859). His paintings, such as Symphony in White No. 1 The White Girl, (1862; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.) and later portraits such as Arrangement in Black and Grey No. 1: The Artist's Mother (1871; Musée d'Orsay, Paris), won him international acclaim. His style was not easily defined although he was influenced by Realism and Impressionism and by Japanese art styles, which can be seen in his "Nocturne" landscapes, exhibited in 1877 at the Grovesnor Gallery in London, and influenced the development of his "butterfly signature" in the 1860s.

When art critic John Ruskin wrote a scathing review of the "Nocturnes" exhibition, Whistler sued for libel and won, although the resulting legal fees drove him into bankruptcy. He spent 14 months in Venice on a commission for the Fine Art Society and produced a succession of etchings and pastels that were subsequently exhibited in 1883 and helped to stabilize his financial situation.

In 1885 Whistler, famous for his witty and flamboyant personality, published his Ten O'Clock Lecture which espoused his belief in "art for arts sake," and asserted his refusal to ascribe narratives or morality to his art. Whistler's "Ten O'Clock" drew a response from Oscar Wilde and a public discourse between the two men followed in the London newspapers. It was later published in the pamphlet Wilde v. Whistler: being an acrimonious correspondence on art between Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler.

In 1890 Whistler published The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, a collection of his best letters and witticisms. The book had originally been the idea of American journalist Sheridan Ford, to whom Whistler had advanced money which he then withdrew with the intent of completing the project alone. When Ford retaliated with a contraband edition of the book, Whistler pursued him through the courts and Ford was tried in Belgium in 1891.

Toward the end of his life Whistler focused increasingly on etching, drypoint and lithography, in addition to interior decoration such as the Peacock Room for Frederick Leyland's London residence begun in 1876. A happy marriage to Beatrix Godwin in 1888 ended in her death in May 1896. By the time of his death in London in 1903, Whistler was regarded as major artist of international renown.
Related Material:
The Archives holds several collections relating to James McNeill Whistler including the Katherine Prince collection relating to James McNeill Whistler, 1835- 1892; Edward Guthrie Kennedy papers concerning James McNeill Whistler in the New York Public Library, 1850-1902 and Selected papers concerning James McNeill Whistler in the New York Public Library, 1830-1950 (available on microfilm only, reel N25; originals reside at the New York Public Library); and James McNeill Whistler collection in the University of Glasgow, Special Collections, circa 1830-1963 (available on microfilm only, reels 4600-4611 and 4683-4699; originals reside in the Glasgow University Library, Dept. of Special Collections).
Provenance:
The collection was compiled from a series of accessions donated between 1959 and 2003. Most of the items in the collection were given to the Archives of American Art by Charles Feinberg in 1959. The pamphlet Wilde v. Whistler was donated by Mrs. Lois Field in 1964 and an invitation to Dr. and Mrs. Burnett was donated by Martha Fleischman in 2003.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Etchers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Pamphlets
Citation:
James McNeill Whistler collection, 1863-1906, circa 1940. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.whisjame2
See more items in:
James McNeill Whistler collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-whisjame2
Online Media:

Essais lithographiques sur l'exposition au Musée Royal de l'année 1819 par A.V. et A.C

Author:
Viguerie, Auguste de  Search this
Lithographer:
Villain, François Le  Search this
Physical description:
9 parts in 1 volume, [44] leaves of plates (6 folded) all illustrations 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1819
19th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Call number:
NE2349 .V59 1819
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_927822

The Salon; a collection of the choicest paintings recently executed by distinguished European artists ... Ed. by Prof. Charles Carroll ... assisted by René Delorme, Armand Silvestre, Gustave Goetschy, and other foreign experts

Author:
Carroll, Charles d. 1889  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. fronts., illus., plates. 31 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
France
Date:
1881
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Call number:
N5066 .C319 E1881
N5066.C319 E1881
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_118003

American art at the nineteenth-century Paris Salons / Lois Marie Fink

Author:
Fink, Lois Marie  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 430 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1990
19th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_391112

Diderot on art / edited and translated by John Goodman ; introduction by Thomas Crow

Author:
Diderot, Denis 1713-1784  Search this
Goodman, John 1952-  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Early works to 1800
Date:
1995
17th century
18th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Aesthetics  Search this
Painting  Search this
Call number:
N6846 .D4613 1995X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_503947

Les femmes peintres au Salon Paris, 1863-1889 / Denise Noël

Author:
Noël, Denise  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : ill
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1997
19th century
Topic:
Painting, French  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Call number:
ND547 .N64 1997a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_541167

The end of the Salon : art and the state in the early Third Republic / Patricia Mainardi

Author:
Mainardi, Patricia  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 210 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Date:
1993
19th century
Topic:
Art and state--History  Search this
Call number:
N6850.M35 1993X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_440751

Landscapes of France : Impressionism and its rivals / John House ; with contributions from Ann Dumas, Jane Mayo Roos, James F. McMillan

Author:
House, John 1945-2012  Search this
Hayward Gallery  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
304 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 25 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Date:
1995
19th century
Topic:
Landscape painting, French  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
In art  Search this
Call number:
ND1356.5 .H84 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_482801

L'Architecture aux Salons

Title:
Concours d'architecture 1898-
Author:
Société des artistes français  Search this
Société nationale des beaux-arts (Paris, France)  Search this
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
v. : chiefly ill., plates ; 41 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
18uu
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA2450.F8 .P22a
NA2450.F8P22a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_307496

Paris-Salon

Author:
Enault, Louis 1824-1900  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
26 v. : ill., plates, ports., 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1881
1881-93
19th century
Topic:
Art  Search this
Salons--Exhibitions  Search this
Art, French  Search this
Call number:
N5065 .P25
N5065.P25
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_333555

Furansu kaiga no seika : ru saron no kyoshōtachi = La tradition et l'innovation dans l'art français par les peintres des Salons

Author:
Fukuoka-shi Bijutsukan  Search this
Kyōto Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan  Search this
Subject:
Société des artistes français Salon  Search this
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
314 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1989
C1989
17th century
18th century
20th century
Topic:
Painting, French  Search this
Call number:
ND546 .F98 1989
ND546.F98 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_385920

Diderot & l'art de Boucher a David : les Salons, 1759-1781 : [exposition] Hôtel de la Monnaie, 5octobre 1984-6 janvier 1985

Author:
Diderot, Denis 1713-1784  Search this
Musée de la monnaie (France)  Search this
Subject:
Diderot, Denis 1713-1784 Contribution in art criticism  Search this
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
548 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1984
C1984
17th century
18th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Call number:
N6846.D474 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_282489

Bergmans en Brouwer Paris salon : a catalog of books, prints, & contemporary sources

Author:
Bergmans & Brouwer (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) Bibliography  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 80 p. : ill. ; 20 x 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1983
Topic:
Salons--Bibliography--Catalogs  Search this
Art--Bibliography  Search this
Call number:
Z5961.F8 B49 1983
Z5961.F8B49 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_286310

Painters and public life in 18th century Paris / Thomas E. Crow

Author:
Crow, Thomas E. 1948-  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
290 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1985
17th century
18th century
Topic:
Painting, French  Search this
Art exhibition audiences  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Call number:
ND550.C75 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_292923

Explication des ouvrages de peinture et dessins, sculpture, architecture et gravure des artistes vivans : exposés au Muséum central des arts d'après l'Arrêté du ministre de l'intérieur le lerfructidor, an VII de la République française

Author:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) (1799)  Search this
Musée central des arts et de la République  Search this
Subject:
Musée du Louvre  Search this
Musée central des arts et de la République  Search this
Physical description:
95 p. ; 16 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1799
An 7 de la République [1799]
18th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Salons--Exhibitions  Search this
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5068.M8 S17 1799
N5068.M8S17 1799
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_294368

L'art et les artistes contemporains au Salon de 1859

Author:
Dumas, Alexandre 1802-1870  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) (1859)  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. l., 188 p. 18 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Paris
Date:
1859
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Salons  Search this
Call number:
N5066.D8X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_299899

Paris salons

Title:
Catalogues of the Paris Salon, 1673 to 1881
Author:
Janson, H. W (Horst Woldemar) 1913-1982  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)  Search this
Physical description:
60 v. 19 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1673
1881
1977-78
Topic:
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5065 .P23
N5065.P23
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_123561

French lithography : the Restoration salons, 1817-1824 : an historical publication based on the collections of the Département des Estampes et de la Photographie, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris / W. McAllister Johnson

Author:
Johnson, W. McAllister  Search this
Bibliothèque nationale (France) Département des estampes et de la photographie  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) Catalogs  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 211 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
France
Date:
1977
C1977
19th century
Topic:
Lithography, French--Catalogs  Search this
Lithography--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
NE2349.25 .J63X
NE2349.25.J63X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_125336

Salon de 1886; cent planches en photogravure par Goupil & cie

Author:
Olmer, Georges  Search this
Goupil & Cie  Search this
Subject:
Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) (1886)  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. l., 106 p., 1 l. illus., plates. 34 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1886
19th century
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Call number:
N5065 .A3 1886
N5065.A3 1886
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_128430

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