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Frederick Starr negatives and lantern slides

Creator:
Starr, Frederick, 1859-1933  Search this
Photographer:
Lang, Charles B.  Search this
Grabic, Louis  Search this
Extent:
152 Lantern slides
3344 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Zoque  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Mazatec [Huautla]  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Maya  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Mazahua  Search this
Ute  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Tzotzil Maya  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tzeltal Maya  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Triqui (Trique) [San Joan Copala]  Search this
Shuar  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Chol Maya  Search this
Totonac  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Otomí (Otomi)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Mixe  Search this
Chinantec  Search this
Mixtec  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Chibcha  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Mehináku (Mehinacu)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Haida  Search this
Karajá (Caraja)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Teotihuacán (archaeological culture)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Macushi (Macusi)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Negatives (photographic)
Negatives
Place:
Colombia
Washington
West Virginia
Kansas
Kentucky
New Mexico
Brazil
Ecuador
Missouri
Wisconsin
Oklahoma
Ohio
New York
Georgia
Mexico
Iowa
Arkansas
Illinois
Pennsylvania
Alaska
Date:
1894-1910
Summary:
The collection includes materials from cultures in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, and Guiana: Acoma Pueblo, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Caddo, Cahuilla, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chinantec, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Choco, Chol, Chontal, Cochiti Pueblo, Crow, Cuicatec, Eskimo, Flathead, Haida, Hopi, Huastec, Huave, Iowa, Iroquois, Isleta, Karaja, Kwakiutl, Laguna Pueblo, Macusi, Mandan, Maya, Mazahua, Mazatec, Mehinaku, Menomini, Mixe, Mixtec, Navajo, Nez Perce, Osage, Otomi, Ottawa, Pawnee, Pima, Ponca, Potawatomi, Salish, San Blas, San Felipe Pueblo, Sauk & Fox, Shuar, Sioux, Taos Pueblo, Tarasco, Teotihuacan, Tepehua, Tlaxcala, Tlingit, Tonkawa, Totonac, Triqui, Tzental, Tzotzil, Ute, Wampanoag, Zapotec, Zoque, Zuni.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frederick Starr was born in Auburn, New York, on September 2, 1858. He received a Ph.D. in biology in 1884 at Coe College, where he was later appointed professor of biology. Starr did postgraduate work in anthropology at Yale. In 1889 he was appointed head of Ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History, and in 1892 he was chosen by William Harper to organize the Anthropology Department at the new University of Chicago. Starr remained at the University until his retirement in 1923. Besides his field studies with various Indian tribes in the United States, Starr traveled to Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Guiana, Japan, the Philippines, and Africa. He died in Tokyo, Japan, on August 14, 1933. Starr was the author of several books and scholarly articles.
General note:
Starr hired professional photographers Charles B. Lang and Louis Grabic to accompany him on his field trips. One lantern slide of Moses Ladd (Menomini) was taken by William H. Jackson.
Provenance:
Dr. Frederick Starr, Purchased, circa 1929
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Topic:
Indians of South America -- Brazil  Search this
Indians of Mexico  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest  Search this
Indians of South America -- Colombia  Search this
Indians of North America -- Alaska  Search this
Indians of North America -- Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of Central America -- Guatemala  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of South America -- Ecuador  Search this
Indians of South America -- Guiana  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Lantern slides
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.052
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40602e9f6-8984-4da6-a139-bd97c27fa824
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-052

MS 2932 Notes on sign language and miscellaneous ethnographic notes on Plains Indians

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Red Feather  Search this
Whirling  Search this
Addressee:
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bruguiere, Johnnie, 1849-1898  Search this
Petalesharo, 1797-1836  Search this
Extent:
4 Boxes
2,736 Items (2,736 pages)
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Osage  Search this
Apache  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Ute  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Slave  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Plains Apache (Kiowa Apache)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
White River Ute (Yampa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2932
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Sign language  Search this
Marriage and family -- Berdache  Search this
Weapons -- bow  Search this
Dance -- calumet  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Dance -- grass  Search this
War -- Battle of Little Bighorn  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Dance -- Ghost dance  Search this
Religion -- soul, concept of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Kootenai  Search this
Kutenai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3febc7aa5-2cb3-42c2-a107-dfb270046f91
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2932

People (Salish/Flathead) gathered in camp near tipis. Published as Flathead Camp on the Jocko River

Collection Creator:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (original negative)
Container:
Box G8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Glass negatives
Collection Restrictions:
Viewing of the photographic negatives requires advance notice and the permission of the Photo Archivist.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Identifier:
NAA.2022-12, Item x3152
See more items in:
Christopher Cardozo Collection of Edward S. Curtis papers and photographs
Christopher Cardozo Collection of Edward S. Curtis papers and photographs / Series 2: Photographs and photogravures / North American Indian / Volume 7
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a860f61c-0887-4ba1-b3d2-82cabaa5fc7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2022-12-ref56

Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings

Creator:
United States Pacific Railroad Expeditions and Surveys  Search this
Artist:
Duncan, Johnson Kelly, 1827-1862  Search this
Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872  Search this
Sohon, Gustav, 1825-1903  Search this
Extent:
41 Drawings
Culture:
Chinook  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Works of art
Watercolors
Place:
North America
Date:
1853-1854
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of forty-one (41) drawings created for the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey by Johnson Kelly Duncan, Gustav(us) Sohon, and John Mix Stanley. The majority of the drawings are portraits.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series by artist: (1) Johnson Kelly Duncan, 1853-1854; (2) Gustav Sohon, 1853-1854; and (3) John Mix Stanley, 1853.
Historical Note:
The Pacific Railroad Surveys (1853–1855) were a series of five explorations designed to find and document possible routes for a transcontinental railroad across North America. The expeditions included surveyors, scientists, and artists and resulted in an immense body of data on the geology, zoology, botany, paleontology of the land as well as ethnographic descriptions of Native peoples.

The Northern Pacific survey, led by Isaac Stevens, traveled between the 47th and 49th parallel from St. Paul, Minnesota to the Puget Sound. Artists documenting the survey included chief artist John Mix Stanley (1814-1872); astronomer, topographer, and artist Johnson Kelly Duncan (1827-1862); and assistant artist Gustav (or Gustavus) Sohon (1825-1903).
Local Numbers:
USNM Accession Number 13050

USNM Catalog Number 130305
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional drawings created by Sohon in MS 384668.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Watercolors
Citation:
Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS130305
See more items in:
Northern Pacific Railroad Survey drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32e28c2b2-9f6b-4e65-8965-a341e03a25f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms130305
Online Media:

Helen L. Peterson papers

Creator:
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Names:
American Indian Development, Inc.  Search this
City and County of Denver Commission on Community Relations  Search this
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
55 Linear feet ((estimated))
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1944 to circa 1990
Summary:
The Helen Peterson collection includes correspondence, notes, miscellaneous administrative documents, financial records, calendars, questionnaires, notes from interviews, survey forms, copies of resolutions, proceedings, speeches, programs, press releases, printed and processed material, and many other types of documents. Mainly these relate to Petersons's career and special interests between 1953 and 1970. There are also a few documents that concern the organizations which Peterson served for periods preceding or following her periods in office. Of special interest are the materials related to the NCAI, many of which supplement the records in that organization's files. The collection also includes documents that concern a wide range of Indian interests and activities.
Scope and Content:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Helen L. Peterson from her birth in 1915 until her 80th Birthday in 1995. Peterson worked for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), 1953 through 1961; the City and County of Denver Commission on Community Relations (CCR), 1962 to 1970; and American Indian Development, Inc. (AID), 1967 to 1970. Peterson worked for the Bureau of Indian (BIA), 1970 through 1985. She was founder of the Church of the Four Winds which started as the Ecumenical Indian Congregation. She was leader of the Church of the Four Winds starting in 1989. She also served as chair of the National Committee of Indian Work (NCIW) beginning in 1980. Peterson also served as chair of the Province of the Pacific (Province VIII) Indian Commission.

Professional materials in this collection include information from Peterson's time working for NCAI, CCR, AID, BIA, Church of the Four Winds/Ecumenical Indian Congress, Province of the Pacific, and NCIW. Personal materials in the collection include personal documentations (baby book, yearbooks, etc.), personal letters, personal photographs, and news articles about her personal life, among other materials related to her personal life.
Arrangement note:
The Helen Peterson papers are organized into 13 Series. Series 1: National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is divided into four subseries; Subseries 1.1: Executive Council, Subseries 1.2: NCAI Conventions, Subseries 1.3: Chronological Correspondence, Subseries 1.4: Subject Files. Series 2: Commission on Community Relations (CCR), City and County of Denver, Colorado is divided into three subseries; Subseries 2.1: Subject Files, Subseries 2.2: Denver Indian Study Project, Subseries 2.3: Jobs for Indians. This is followed by Series 3: American Indian Development, Inc. (AID), Series 4: White Buffalo Council, Series 5: Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Series 6: Religious Organizations is divided into five subseries; Subseries 6.1: Church of the Four Winds, Subseries 6.2: Province of the Pacific (Province VIII), Subseries 6.3: Episcopal Church, Subseries 6.4: Other Religious Organizations, Subseries 6.5: Subject Files. This is followed by Series 7: Organizations, Series 8: Events and Series 9: Individuals. Series 10: Newspapers and Newsletters is divided into three subseries; Subseries 10.1: Native American Owned Newspapers and Newsletters, Subseries 10.2: Indian Related News Items, Subseries 10.3 Religious News Items. This is followed by Series 11: Indian Tribes, Series 12: Miscellaneous Subject Files and Series 13: Personal Materials.
Biographical/Historical note:
Helen L. Peterson, born in 1915 on the Pine Ridge Reservation, was an enrolled member of the Oglala Sioux tribe. She attended Chadron State College in 1932, beginning an educational process that included course work at Colorado State College of Education and the University of Colorado. She received a B.S. degree in Business Education from Chadron State College in 1957. In 1935 she began working with the Department of Agriculture's Resettlement Administration, a New Deal Agency. She served as director of the Rocky Mountain Council on Inter-American Affairs at the University of Denver Social Science Foundation and set up the Colorado Inter-American Field Service Program which later came under the Extension Division of the University of Colorado. In 1948, she was appointed as the first director of the Mayor's Committee on Human Relations in Denver, Colorado. As the "Commission on Human Relations," the committee became a permanent part of city government in 1949 transitioning to the "Commission on Community Relations" in 1959. Peterson acted as an adviser to the United States Delegation to the Second Inter-American Indian Conference in Cuzco, Peru in 1949 and in 1953 she was selected as the executive director of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), a position she held through 1961. During these years, NCAI experienced tremendous growth, becoming firmly established as a national organization during her tenure.

Peterson returned to Denver in 1962 as the director of the Commission on Community Relations. From 1967 to 1970 she served as part-time executive director to American Indian Development, Inc. She was appointed Assistant to the Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1970 and remained with the Bureau of Indian Affairs until 1985. Throughout her career, Peterson was an active member in the Episcopal Church and in later years served various Episcopal organizations. She was a chair of the National Committee of Indian Work (NCIW) beginning in 1980, chair of the Province of the Pacific (Province VIII) Indian Commission, and founder of the Ecumenical Indian Congregation. Ecumenical Indian Congress became the Church of the Four Winds in 1989. During that year Peterson became the chair of Church of the Four Winds.

Peterson received many awards and honors throughout her life. In 1955, Peterson was named "Outstanding American Indian of 1955" at the Anadarko Exposition. She received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the University of Colorado in 1973. She was also the recipient of distinguished service awards from Columbia University, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the National Congress of American Indians, the White Buffalo Council of Denver, the Multnomah County Commissioners, and the National Institute for Women of Color. She passed away on July 10, 2000.
Provenance:
This collection was received by the National Anthropological Archives from Helen Peterson in June 1987. It was then transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2007.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
NCAI Bulletin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Helen L. Peterson Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.016
See more items in:
Helen L. Peterson papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47e0b901b-6f06-481d-9414-e4ecd160c462
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-016

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 Photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 Printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish  Search this
Skokomish  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso)  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Wappo  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47bb7e1cf-cd0f-42a1-ac5b-8ee402c1ab8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Online Media:

Volume 7

Collection Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
16 Printing plates
8 Photomechanical prints
Container:
Box 8vo7-8vo9
Box F14-F18
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Printing plates
Photomechanical prints
Date:
1905
1910
bulk 1910-1910
Scope and Contents:
This series includes eight folio plates and eight octavo plates depicting Salish (Flathead), Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles), Yakama (Yakima), and Spokan men and women as well as a Spokan camp. It also has eight proofs made by Classic Gravure from folio plates in the collection.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080, Series 7
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d7325a7d-2551-48b4-b4d5-b38a70cf006f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-080-ref12

Sculpture

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Dave McGary, Non-Indian, b. 1958  Search this
Subject:
Chief Washakie (Shoots-on-the-Run/The Rattle/Shoots the Buffalo Running), Lemhi Shoshone/Salish (Flathead), ca. 1806-1900  Search this
Donor:
Charles Washakie, Shoshone  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Washakie, Shoshone  Search this
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Bronze
Techniques:
Cast, painted
Dimensions:
44.5 x 33.5 x 90.4 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1999-2000
Catalog Number:
25/5182
Barcode:
255182.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f17ed02e-235a-4f0b-8b94-767a55960276
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271044
Online Media:

Coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Grey Wolf Embroidery  Search this
Seller:
Grey Wolf Embroidery  Search this
Object Name:
Coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Nylon fabric, embroidery floss
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
112 x 173 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Polson, Flathead Reservation (Jocko Reservation); Lake County; Montana; USA
Date created:
2000
Catalog Number:
25/5184
Barcode:
255184.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64577f35e-5f3f-4937-bc3d-d81948917b9b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271046
Online Media:

Gloves

Culture/People:
probably Salish (Flathead) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Gloves
Media/Materials:
Hide, thread
Techniques:
Sewn
Dimensions:
24.6 x 12.3 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Montana; USA
Date created:
1960-1980
Catalog Number:
25/5716
Barcode:
255716.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63a9646e5-2bb0-4f43-88eb-47bc3c344f7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271582
Online Media:

Hopi 1968 Calendar Poster

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Rodney C. Skenandore (Rod Skenandore/Elk Chief), Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)/Salish (Flathead)/Oneida, b. 1939 and Warbonnet Enterprises  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB source:
American Indian Society of Washington, DC  Search this
Title:
Hopi 1968 Calendar Poster
Object Name:
Poster
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Screenprinted/serigraph printed
Dimensions:
58.8 x 58.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Los Angeles County; California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1967
Catalog Number:
25/9594
Barcode:
259594.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6458e949c-6e14-415b-aea2-e5ebbd076361
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275666
Online Media:

Together

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Together
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint, crayon, cotton cloth
Techniques:
Collaged, painted, drawn
Dimensions:
38.1 x 38.1 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1991
Catalog Number:
26/3897
Barcode:
263897.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e3f57296-b65f-429f-8297-d9ec03c0446f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280050
Online Media:

Sea Otters

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Sea Otters
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint, cotton cloth, crayon
Techniques:
Collaged, painted, drawn
Dimensions:
38.1 x 38.1 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1991
Catalog Number:
26/3902
Barcode:
263902.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d6ca3d12-27cb-406c-8bec-8c3ca3f0590c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280055
Online Media:

Bald Eagle

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Bald Eagle
Object Name:
Collage
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint, crayon, cotton cloth, wood
Techniques:
Drawn, painted, collaged, framed, drawn
Dimensions:
48.5 x 48.5 x 2.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Corrales; Sandoval County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1991
Catalog Number:
26/3911
Barcode:
263911.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c0bf43cc-2fc0-4e61-95f7-f46c69eb69ac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280064
Online Media:

WTC [World Trade Center] Memorial 2002

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940 and Neal Ambrose-Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree, b. 1966  Search this
Previous seller:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Previous owner:
Dorothee Peiper-Riegraf (Mrs. Hinrich Peiper), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Dorothee Peiper-Riegraf (Mrs. Hinrich Peiper), Non-Indian  Search this
Hinrich Peiper, Non-Indian  Search this
Title:
WTC [World Trade Center] Memorial 2002
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, graphite, watercolor
Techniques:
Drawn, painted, written
Dimensions:
76.5 x 50.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Corrales; Sandoval County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
2002
Catalog Number:
26/5931
Barcode:
265931.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63f003ee9-6ee1-42b9-92c2-1e5e502b4d07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282158
Online Media:

Now That's a Coyote Story (Sey tu pn sqw llu)

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Neal Ambrose-Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree, b. 1966  Search this
Commissioner:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Donor:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Title:
Now That's a Coyote Story (Sey tu pn sqw llu)
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Screenprinted/serigraph printed
Dimensions:
56.7 x 75.7 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Missoula; Missoula County; Montana; USA
Date created:
2004
Catalog Number:
26/6056
Barcode:
266056.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60a792ba9-8ec5-4d28-99ca-8ae419be41ef
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282283
Online Media:

Indian Country Passage Denied

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Corwin Clairmont (Corwin "Corky" Clairmont), Salish (Flathead)/Kootenai (Kutenai), b. 1947  Search this
Commissioner:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Donor:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Title:
Indian Country Passage Denied
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Collagraphed
Dimensions:
56.6 x 46.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Saint Ignatius, Flathead Reservation (Jocko Reservation); Lake County; Montana; USA
Date created:
2005
Catalog Number:
26/6057
Barcode:
266057.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b7bb311e-5f32-41d7-a7a8-2e4f200db3a5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282284
Online Media:

I See Red

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Commissioner:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Donor:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Title:
I See Red
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Monoprinted
Dimensions:
37.6 x 56.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Missoula; Missoula County; Montana; USA
Date created:
2004
Catalog Number:
26/6063
Barcode:
266063.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64fc01be3-d527-4bb4-8e80-91eedfe35eb9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282290
Online Media:

We Are All Knots in the Great Net of Life

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Commissioner:
National Council of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI National Council)  Search this
ART in Embassies Program, U.S. Department of State  Search this
Donor:
National Council of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI National Council)  Search this
Publisher:
Tamarind Institute (Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Inc.), 1960-  Search this
Title:
We Are All Knots in the Great Net of Life
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Arches paper, ink
Techniques:
Lithographed
Dimensions:
68.3 x 50.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
2007
Catalog Number:
26/6458
Barcode:
266458.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6940913b1-f168-4d03-817e-21d08eb92a52
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_387302
Online Media:

We Are All Knots in the Great Net of Life

Culture/People:
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Salish (Flathead)/Cree/Shoshone, b. 1940  Search this
Commissioner:
National Council of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI National Council)  Search this
ART in Embassies Program, U.S. Department of State  Search this
Donor:
National Council of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI National Council)  Search this
Publisher:
Tamarind Institute (Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Inc.), 1960-  Search this
Title:
We Are All Knots in the Great Net of Life
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Arches paper, ink
Techniques:
Lithographed, drawn
Dimensions:
68.3 x 50.8 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
2007
Catalog Number:
26/6463
Barcode:
266463.000
See related items:
Salish (Flathead)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws635531046-155d-4859-ac72-2271bf83a433
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_387307
Online Media:

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