Photographs of various subjects, including portraits of American Indians made from negatives by the Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum. Depicted individuals include Lamar Richards (also known as Ostin, Tonkawa) and Grant Richards (also known as Sentele, Tonkawa); Turning Hawk, Crow Dog, Spot Tail, Red Leaf, and White Thunder. There are also images of Shuswap Indians dressing hides; Smohalla and Sokulk followers at Priests Rapids, Washington; and American Indians around a campfire at Fort Marion, Florida.
Additionally, there are photographs of St. Columba's Church, White Earth Reservation, Minnesota; Otoe Industrial School; a chapel at the Cheyenne Mowerʹs place, with Mower's son; a sketch of Fort Cummings, New Mexico; buildings and a mound at Charleston, West Virginia; the Tabernacle at Salt Lake City; an American Indian camp with hides drying; American Indians dragging brush in preparation of a medicine lodge; and a wood engraving of a Dakota Ghost Dance, taken from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.
Photographers include William Dinwiddie; De Lancey W. Gill; Sumner W. Matteson; Thomas William Smillie; Cross, of Hot Springs, South Dakota; and C. C. McBride.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 66F
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Dinwiddie can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 89, Photo Lot 141A, Photo Lot 144, Photo Lot 80-18, the BAE historical negatives, and the Herbert William Krieger Papers.
Additional Gill photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 65, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 85, Photo Lot 79-4, Photo Lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds the Sumner W. Matteson collection of photographs, negatives and lantern slides.
Additional Smillie photographs held in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 79, and the BAE historical negatives. The Archives Center, National Museum of American History also holds the Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas W. Smillie Glass Plate Negatives.
Disarranged and incomplete. The translation of the grammar is practically verbatim as it appears in the published account but is incomplete in parts. In addition there are approximately 5 pages of "Translator's notes" which were not included in the published grammar.
By Major Lee Moorhouse, Pendleton, Oregon, copyrighted 1905. Published album of reproductions of photographs and brief commentary, relating to tribes of northwestern U. S., including Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla, and Yakima. See also 2nd edition, copyright 1906, in Bureau of American Ethnology Library.
Album page # (1) Portrait of Major Moorhouse. (3) "The Lonely Outpost of a Dying Race" (tipi, with clouds). (5) "Tumwater Falls on the Columbia River". (7) "The Cayuse Twins" A-lom-pum and Tox-e-lox. (9) "The Cayuse Twins". (11-a) "Wal-lu-lah" ("dusky Indian Princess"- doubtful). (11-b) "U-ma-pine"- warrior. (13-a) "Chief Joseph of Nez Perces" (13-b) "Paul Show-a-way, Hereditary Chief of Cayuses". (15) "The Lone Tepee". (17) "Indian Mother and Babe". (19) "Sac-a-ja-wea, Lewis and Clark's Shoshone Indian Guide" (doubtful). (21) "Umatilla Reservation, July 4th, 1905." (23-a) "Tots-homi Good Man". (23-b) "Peo, Chief of Umatillas" (Similar to Bureau of American Ethnology Negative 2890-b-16.) (23-c) "Ip-na-sol-a-tok"-- elderly woman. (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Cayuse: 3073-b-12). (23-d) "Fish Hawk, Head War Chief of Cayuses" (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Cayuse: 3073-b-7). (25-a) "Bridge of the Gods" (View of Cascades in Columbia River). (25-b) "Indian camp on Umatilla Reservation near Pendleton, Oregon" (27) "Princess We-a-lote, Cayuse Maiden" (Posed; fake ?) (29) "Mt. Hood, from Cloud Cap Inn."
Album page # (31) "Wa-tis-te-me-ne-head, Man of the Cayuses". (33-a) "Pe-tow-ya/ Cayuse woman who remembers Lewis and Clark" (See Bureau of Anthropology Negative Cayuse: 3073-b-33). (33-b) "Sac-a-je-we-a pointing out the Westward path to Captain Clark" (Re-enacted; fake). (35-a) "Dr Whirlwind" (Umatilla)-- also known as Shap-lish. (See also Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Cayuse: 3073-b-63) (New Smithsonian Institution negative 53508). (35-b) "Princess Etna" (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Cayuse: 3073-b-35). (35-c) "Donald McKay" (35-d) "Wap-a-ne-ta, the belle of the Umatilla". (39) "Yakima Sally" (Another pose, without hat, is Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Number Yakima: 2880-c-13). (41) "Yakima mother and babe". (43-a) "Stella Tu-slaps, Umatilla Girl". (43-b) "Princess Eat-no-meat" (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Number Umatilla 2888-c). (43-c) "Scene on Columbia River, Umatilla Junction" (Mostly tipis). (45) "Rosa Summer Hair and papoose". (47) "Sins of the Redman" (Drinking whiskey). (49) "Wo-ho-pum and papoose". (50-a) "Chief Joseph's home at Nespelim" (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative Number 2987-b-4). (50-b) "We-mix, sister of Donald McKay, and family (Bureau of American Ethnology Negative 3073-b-79). (50-c) "Young Chief of the Umatilla".
Informant for "Umatilla" given on title page as Old Pus; informant for the Cayuse is Yah-tin Wi-shi-an-sha. Second language identified as probably Walla Walla by Bruce J. Rigsby, University of Toronto, in letter of March 22, 1965, in which he states that this "is definitely not Umatilla, but is rather one of the Northeast Sahaptin dialects, most likely Walla Walla." In John Wesley Powell schedule that is part of Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages.
Contents: (a)- Vocabulary, 6 1/2 pages on printed Schedule distributed by George Gibbs from Fort Stilacoom, Washington Territory with notations in French. Contains 168 terms. (b)- A copy by Mr Gibbs of the Pandosy vocabulary, omitting the French notations. 6 pages. (c)- A vocabulary obtained from ? in the Valley. 6 pages.
Copies of photographs depicting Wanapum Indians, mat houses, musicians, buildings, ceremonies, and a feast. Included are images of Jim Looney, Elijah Sapaliah, Henry Tomawash, Cy Tomawash, Johnny Tomawash, Johnny Buck, Frank Buck, Rex Buck, Martha Johnny, Dolores Buck, Margaret Buck, and a sculpted bust of Puck-Hayah-Toot. There is one image made by Robley L. Johnson of Richland, Washington, and one by James S. Rayner of Yakima, Washington. Notated photocopies of original prints are also in the collection.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R86-65
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1985-1986.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
An additional image of many of the pictured individuals can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives (OPPS NEG 41886 N).
An additional photograph by James S. Rayner can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo Lot R86-65, Photographs of Wanapum Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
1198 terms in Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Also includes ethnographic notes on Yakima habitations, material culture, standards of value, religion and myth, and notes on the "Yakima Confederacy."
Biographical / Historical:
This is a copy transliterated by Everette "at the request of the director" of the Bureau of Ethnology, from his original record, made at Fort Simcoe, August 2, 1883-September 1, 1883.