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William Edwin Safford photograph albums relating to Easter Island, Samoa, and South America

Collector:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Names:
Mohican Expedition  Search this
Photographer:
Gonsalves, J. A.  Search this
Thomson, William J. (William Judah), 1841-1909  Search this
Valdeavellano, Alberto G., 1861-1928  Search this
Extent:
3 Albums (circa 145 prints, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Samoans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Place:
Samoa
Peru
Panama
Guatemala
Ecuador
Easter Island
Chile
Date:
circa 1886-1902
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Wiliam Edwin Safford while on US Navy expeditions to Chile, Easter Island, Ecuador, Guatemala, Panama, Peru, and Samoa. They depict Indigenous peoples and activities, towns, scenic views, and the crew of the USS Mohican and members of the US Navy. There are also photographs of Guatemala made by Alberto. G. Valdeavellano and J. A. Gonsalves. The Easter Island photographs were possibly made by William J. Thomson, paymaster on the Mohican.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Edwin Safford (1859-1926) was a United States Naval officer from 1880-1902 who took part in Navy expeditions and collected specimens for the United States National Museum. Safford joined the crew of the USS Mohican in South America and participated in its expedition to the South Pacific (1886-1888). In 1891-1892, he commanded an ethnological expedition to Peru and Bolivia for the Chicago Columbian Expedition. He served in the Spanish American War and was vice-governor of Guam in 1899-1900. In 1902, he resigned from the Navy and took an appointment as an economic botanist with the United States Department of Agriculture.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 76-26
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of the expedition to Easter Island can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97.
Additional photographs collected by Safford can be found in National Anthropological Archives in MS 3366.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the William Edwin Safford Papers, 1894-1925 (SIA RU007275).
Records relating to Safford's collecting expedition in South America can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU000189.
Safford's ethnographic data about Samoa can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 2956.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 76-26, William Edwin Safford photograph albums relating to Easter Island, Samoa, and South America, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76-26
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76-26

Charles Kroehle and George Huebner photographs of Indigenous peoples of Peru

Photographer:
Kroehle, J. Charles, 1876-1902  Search this
Huebner, George, 1862-1935  Search this
Names:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Extent:
21 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Piro  Search this
Shipibo  Search this
Indians of South America -- Peru  Search this
Asháninka (Campa/Chuncha)  Search this
Cashibo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting Indigenous Peruvians, including Campa, Cashivo, Cunivo, and Piro communities; some images depict dwellings and weaponry. All or most of the photographs were made by Charles Kroehle and partner George Huebner, and probably collected by William E. Safford during his 1891-1892 expedition to Peru and Bolivia in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition. The photographs are mounted on disbound pages from an album.
Biographical/Historical note:
J. Charles Kroehle (1876-1902) and George Huebner were both German photographers who documented the Amazon region and its people in the late 19th century. Kroehle was primarily an expeditionary photographer and his photographs were published in books on the region, including El Peru Ilustrado (1892). George Huebner arrived in Brazil about 1885 and made pictures in Peru in Iquitos and on the Ucyali river (circa 1888). Huebner opened a studio in Manaus, Brazil in 1898 and in Belem in 1906.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 129
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Kroehle and Huebner photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 78, and Photo Lot 24.
Additional photographs collected by Safford can be found in National Anthropological Archives in MS 3366, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 76-26.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the William Edwin Safford Papers, 1894-1925 (SIA RU007275) and records relating to Safford's collecting expedition in South America (in SIA RU000189).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 129, Charles Kroehle and George Huebner photographs of Indigenous peoples of Peru, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.129
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-129

Photographs of Quiche peoples

Names:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Extent:
3 Negatives (glass)
Culture:
Quiché Maya (Quiche)  Search this
Indians of Central America -- Guatemala  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1890-1902
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting Indigenous peoples of Guatemala and their daily activities, including painting ceramics, weaving, using a metate, and possibly carving. The photographs may have been collected by William Edwin Safford during his time in Peru and Bolivia or donated by Mary M. Owen with matching prints in 1902.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 134G
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs collected by William Edwin Safford are held in National Anthropological Archives MS 3366, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 76-26.
Additional photographs donated by Mary Owen are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 134, Photographs of Quiche peoples, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.134G
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-134g

MS 2956 Ethnographic Data about Samoa

Collector:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Author:
Rieman, George B.  Search this
Steinberger, A. B. (Albert Barnes)  Search this
Field, Isobel, 1858-1953  Search this
Extent:
250 Pages
Culture:
Polynesian  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
n.d
Scope and Contents:
Ethnographic data, principally on Samoa including: I. Samoa. geographical outline, III. History and Discovery. Arrival of missionaries. U.S. Exploring Expedition. An Episode in Samoan History, IV Regulative organization, the family, the clan, caste, division of labor, rights of property, V. Clothing, ornaments, ceremonial paraphernalia, VI. Food and its preparation, VII. Procurement of food, hunting and fishing, rearing and cultivation, VIII. Houses and villages, household utensils, pets, IX. Method of transportation, roads and bridges, canoes, X. Ornamental arts, tapa painting, wood carving, tattooing, necklace making, combs, XI. Useful arts, raw materials, mats and tapa-making, house building, canoe making, dyes, paints, perfumes and gums, XII. War and peace, XIII. Feasts and fonos, ceremonies attending birth, circumcision, tattooing, marriage, etc, Ceremonies of welcome, mortuary customs, XIV. Religion, ancient superstitions, the Taboo, Totemism, modern religion of the Samoans, Strict observance of Sunday, XV. Myths and traditions, the origin of Samoa and its people, animal myths, XVI. Grammatical structure of Polynesian languages, ceremonial language, comparative vocabularies, XVII. Amusements, games, music, XVIII. Samoa fauna, reptiles and fishes, XIX. Vocabulary of vernacular names of samoan fishes
"Papalangee, or Uncle Sam in Samoa" by G. B. Rieman, U.S. Navy (Printed, n.d. (ca. 1872)), "Report upon Samoa, or the Navigator's Islands, Made to the Secretary of State,"by A.B. Steinberger Washington, 1874, "In Samoa with Stevenson! by Isobel Osbourne Strong, from Century Magazine, March 1902.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2956
Topic:
History -- Samoa  Search this
Music -- Samoa  Search this
Dancing -- Samoa  Search this
Games -- Samoa  Search this
Amusements -- Samoa  Search this
Samoan language  Search this
Folklore -- Samoa  Search this
Mythology -- Samoa  Search this
Superstition -- Samoa  Search this
Religion -- Samoa  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- Samoa  Search this
Marriage customs and rites -- Samoa  Search this
Circumcision -- Samoa  Search this
Birth customs -- Samoa  Search this
Weapons systems -- Samoa  Search this
War -- Samoa  Search this
Perfumes -- Samoa  Search this
Dyes and dyeing -- Samoa  Search this
Matting -- Samoa  Search this
Tattooing -- Samoa  Search this
Wood-carving -- Samoa  Search this
Tapa -- Samoa  Search this
Handicraft -- Samoa  Search this
Art -- Samoa  Search this
Canoes and canoeing -- Samoa  Search this
Agriculture -- Samoa  Search this
Canoes -- Samoan  Search this
Fishing -- Samoa  Search this
Hunting -- Samoa  Search this
Bridges -- Samoa  Search this
Roads -- Samoa  Search this
Transportation -- Samoa  Search this
Pets -- Samoa  Search this
Tools -- Samoa  Search this
Villages -- Samoa  Search this
Housing -- Samo  Search this
Subsistence -- Samoa  Search this
Food -- Samoa  Search this
Decoration and ornament -- Samoa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Samoa  Search this
Kinship -- Samoa  Search this
Missionaries -- Samoa  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2956, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2956
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2956

Duplicates (typescripts)

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Field notes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref240

Notes

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Journal notes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref86

MS 4546 Manuscript on the life of Edward Palmer. Photo copy of "Chapter XIX, 1881-84."

Creator:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Names:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Copy (3/59) from the original manuscript in New Crops Research Branch, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, Reprint File No. 1365, envelope No. 9 of 12 envelopes. Chapter XIX, 1881-84, relates to Palmerʹs work for the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4546
Citation:
Manuscript 4546, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4546
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4546

MS 3366 Photographs of pottery, botanical specimens, and textiles

Collector:
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Extent:
31 Photographs
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of pottery, botanical specimens, cassava grater, etc. Includes 11 duplicates.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3366
Local Note:
The photos are stamped "Field Museum, Chicago, Ill."
Restrictions:
Mr Safford states in his article "Food Plants and Textiles of Ancient America," (Proc. of the 19th Int. Congress of Americanists), that certain photographs are reserved for use in a paper to be published by the Bureau of Ethnology."
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Botany -- South America  Search this
Pottery -- South America  Search this
Clothing -- South America  Search this
South America  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 3366, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3366
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3366

Edward Palmer papers

Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
Culture:
American Indians -- Ethnobotany  Search this
American Indian -- Ethnobotany  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1869-1920
Summary:
The collection includes not only Palmer's own material but also that of William E. Safford, William Andrew Archer, Joseph Nelson Rose, William Ralph Maxon, and Frederick Vernon Coville that concern Palmer. The collection was in the custody of the Department of Botany of the National Museum of Natural History before it was transferred to the National Anthropological Archives. Other than the biographical material, the subject matter is largely botanical and concerns collecting activities in Mexico, Arizona, California, Utah, Texas, and Idaho.
Scope and Contents:
The Edward Palmer papers contains material largely of Palmer, including correspondence, 1870-1920; journal notes, 1869-1910; field notes, 1890-1907; numerical list of Palmer's specimens, some 1913. The collection also contains material of William Andrew Archer, including card index of plants and their uses; common plant name index; bibliography cards and records of works consulted; Spanish-English dictionary (cards); as well as material of William E. Safford, including manuscript of "Edward Palmer: Botanical Explorer"; miscellaneous material and drafts relating to the biography. Other material in the collection includes miscellaneous working material of Safford and Archer and photographs of botanical specimens from several collections "received from the Ball estate."
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Palmer (1831-1911) was an English-born United States Army physician, naturalist, and collector for the Smithsonian and several other institutions. He specialized in botany and anthropology.
Provenance:
The history of the collection is not completely clear, but it appears, at least in part, to have been brought together in the work of William E. Safford on a biography of Palmer and the work of William Andrew Archer in ethnobotany. The collection transferred from the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, to the National Anthropological Archives in 1981. Added to the collection were materials sent by Robert Bye, of the University of Colorado, in 1981.
Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnobotany  Search this
Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1981-55
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1981-55

Fairchild, David Grandison

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref100

Fernald, Merritt Lyndon

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref101

Field Museum

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref102

Flint, James M.

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref103

Greenman, J.M.

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref104

Kew (Royal Botanic Garden)

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref105

Maxon, William R.

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref106

Painter, Joseph Hannum

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref107

Parry, Charles Christopher

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref108

Pilling, James Constantine

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Edward Palmer papers / Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref109

Photographs from Ball Estate

Collection Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Edward Palmer papers are open for research.

Access to the Edward Palmer papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Edward Palmer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Edward Palmer papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1981-55-ref11

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